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  • 1.
    Carstens, Christoffer
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering. Cty Adm Board Gavleborg, S-80266 Gavle, Sweden..
    Sonnek, Karin Mossberg
    Swedish Def Res Agcy, Def Anal, S-16490 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Raty, Riitta
    Swedish Def Res Agcy, Def Anal, S-16490 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Insights from Testing a Modified Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways Approach for Spatial Planning at the Municipal Level2019In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Dynamic Adaptive Policy Pathways (DAPP) approach has successfully been used to manage uncertainties in large infrastructure projects. However, the viability of the DAPP approach for spatial planning in smaller municipal settings is not clear. This paper examines opportunities and constraints of using adaptive pathways approaches to help small municipalities plan for future sea-level rise. The methodology was based on developing a simplified DAPP-approach, which was tested in a multiple experimental case study of spatial planning projects in three municipalities in Sweden. The results show that the approach promoted vulnerability-based thinking among the end-users and generated new ideas on how to manage the uncertain long-term impacts of future sea-level rise. However, the increased understanding of uncertainties was used to justify static, rather than adaptive, solutions. This somewhat surprising outcome can be explained by perceived legal constraints, lack of experience of adaptive pathways, and unwillingness to prescribe actions that could prove difficult to enforce in the future. More research is needed to further understand at what planning phases dynamic policy pathway approaches work best and how current barriers in legislation, practices, mind-set, organization, and resources can be overcome.

  • 2.
    Czarniawska, Barbara
    et al.
    GRI, School of Business, Economics and Law at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Managing overflows: How people and organizations deal with daily overflows2017In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 711-711Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3. Czarniawska, Barbara
    et al.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wieczorkowska-Wierzbinska, Grazyna
    Managing overflows: How people and organizations deal with daily overflows2017In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 91-91Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Derudder, Ben
    et al.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Publ Governance Inst, Leuven, Belgium..
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Oner, Asli Ceylan
    Izmir Univ Econ, Dept Architecture, Izmir, Turkey..
    Ponzini, Davide
    Politecn Milan, Dept Architecture & Urban Studies, Milan, Italy..
    Review symposium: transnational architecture and urbanism: rethinking how cities plan, transform, and learn2022In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 153-159Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Frichot, Hélène
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE).
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Never Believe that the City will Suffice to Save us! Stockholm Gentri-Fictions2016In: Deleuze and the City / [ed] Hélène Frichot, Catharina Gabrielsson, Jonathan Metzger, Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press , 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Gabrielsson, Catharina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Frichot, Hélène
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Deleuze and the City2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Uses the philosophy of Deleuze and Guattari to interrogate what cities can do

    Defining the lives of a majority of the world’s population, the question of ‘the city’ has risen to the fore as one the most urgent issues of our time – uniting concerns across the terrain of climate policies, global financing, localised struggles and multi-disciplinary research.

    Deleuze and the City rests on a conviction that philosophy is crucially important for advancing knowledge on cities, and for allowing us to envisage new forms of urban life toward a more sustainable future. It gathers some of the most original thinkers and accomplished scholars in contemporary urban studies, showing how Deleuze and Guattari’s philosophical project is essential for our thinking through the multi-scalar, uneven and contested landscapes that constitute ‘the city’ today.

    Dispelling the old question of what the city is, this collection provides a nuanced mapping of situations emerging in concrete urban settings across the globe, ranging from the ‘laboratory urbanism' of an Austrian ski resort and a ‘sustainable’ Swedish shopping mall to the ‘urbicidal’ refurbishments of Haifa.

  • 7.
    Gabrielsson, Catharina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Frichot, Hélène
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Introduction: What a City Can Do2016In: Deleuze and the City / [ed] Frichot, H., Gabrielsson, C., Metzger, J., Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2016, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Hillier, Jean
    et al.
    RMIT Univ, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Towns within Towns: From Incompossibility to Inclusive Disjunction in Urban Spatial Planning2021In: DELEUZE AND GUATTARI STUDIES, ISSN 2398-9777, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 40-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We contemplate Deleuze and Guattari's discussion of in/compossibility through engagement with practices of spatial planning and development at the urban fringe in Australia. In such sites of ecosystem transformation, the presence of wildlife, such as mosquitoes, is often deemed incompossible with felicitous human habitation. We suggest that regarding worlds like those of mosquitoes and humans as divergent, rather than incompossible, opens up opportunities for inclusive disjunctive syntheses which affirm the disjoined terms without excluding one from the other. Relating inclusive disjunction to intensive milieu, we call for development of a more milieu-based approach to planning to facilitate more-than-human coexistence differently.

  • 9. Johansson, Nils
    et al.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Experimentalizing the organization of objects: Re-enacting mines and landfills2016In: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 840-863Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we draw upon ‘After-ANT’ scholarship to generate openings for a shift from purely deconstructive studies of object organization to a more straightforward generation of concrete and specific alternative trajectories towards the future by way of ontological experimentation. Through careful empirical investigation of a mine and a landfill, and how these are enacted in practice in different topological registers, we show how mines and landfills are intertwined; enacted sometimes as similar and in other cases as different types of objects, thus shaping the paths of becoming for those bundles of relations that become enacted as either a ‘mine object’ or a ‘landfill object’. Mapping these practices generates openings for interventions suggesting how things could be made different in some specificity; in this case, for example, the appreciation of what constitutes ‘natural resources’. The overarching purpose of this article is to intervene in current debates regarding the potential merits of drawing upon Object-Oriented Philosophy as an inspiration in critical organizational studies. While we are highly sympathetic to calls for more experimental object studies, we are hesitant towards Object-Oriented Philosophy as a source of inspiration due to its specific metaphysical underpinnings. To clarify what we find to be at stake here, we conclude the article by situating After-ANT in a wider landscape of thought, discussing the contrast between broadly pragmatist research approaches, such as After-ANT, and Object-Oriented Philosophy. Finally, we try to spell out how we believe this contrast reverberates upon how we understand the purpose and potential of critical social science.

  • 10.
    Legacy, Crystal
    et al.
    Univ Melbourne, Urban Planning, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;Univ Melbourne, Informal Urbanism Res Hub, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Urban Planning & Environm, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Steele, Wendy
    RMIT Univ, Ctr Urban Res, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.;RMIT Univ, Sch Global Urban & Social Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Gualini, Enrico
    TUB, Berlin, Germany..
    Beyond the post-political: Exploring the relational and situated dynamics of consensus and conflict in planning2019In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 273-281Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This Special Issue explores the problematique of the consensus and conflict binary that has emerged in the critical analysis of the post-political urban condition. Focusing on the interstitial spaces existing between consensus and conflict reveals a more relational dynamic that positions consensus and conflict as co-constitutive and continuously being shaped by the performance of politics by state and non-state actors. Critiques of the post-political tend to fail to engage with the conditions that lead to citizen actors acting in political ways beyond the formal processes of planning and decision-making, or when consensus or conflict is used by oppressive politics to produce exclusion and reproduce inequality. In addition to introducing the five papers appearing in this special issue, in this opening editorial, we argue the need to cast attention towards the new expressions of political participation generated by different citizen actors. Critically engaging with these varied expressions may reveal new ways of conceptualising participation that can create new informal spaces where injustices and inequalities are voiced and the structures and hegemonies created are exposed.

  • 11.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    A more-than-human approach to environmental planning2019In: The Routledge Companion to Environmental Planning, Taylor and Francis , 2019, p. 190-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents a more-than-human approach to environmental planning, which proceeds from a fundamentally relational understanding of human nature. The purpose of the proposed more-than-human approach is not to introduce some new ‘off-the-shelf’ methodology for best practice but rather to instil some humility regarding humanity’s position in this world and our fundamental existential dependence on a host of other beings and existences. The chapter opens with a short introduction to the philosophical underpinnings of a more-than-human approach. After this, it moves on to discuss what the acceptance of these ideas might imply for how we understand the function and purpose of environmental planning. The subsequent question that is tackled is how such a new understanding of environmental planning can be translated into concrete methods and practice. Finally, the chapter concludes by raising some of the daunting challenges of embarking upon a more-than-human approach to environmental planning.

  • 12.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Ballonger och ansiktsmålning för den kreativa klassen: När innovativa planeringsmetoder blir avpolitiserande avledningsmanövrer2016In: Den postpolitiska staden / [ed] Mekonnen Tesfahuney & Richard Ek, Borås: Recito Förlag , 2016, p. 126-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Befreundung durch verfremdung: en funktion för konstnärliga rum i samhällsplaneringens processer2010In: Att dela ett samhälle / [ed] Ann Magnusson, Stockholm: Kulturförvaltningen/ Stockholms Läns Landsting , 2010, p. 59-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 14.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Book review: The Poverty of Territorialism: A Neo-Medieval View of Europe and European Planning2021In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 88-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Can the Craft of Planning Be Ecologized? (And Why the Answer to That Question Doesn’t Include ‘Ecosystem Services’)2017In: Relational Planning: Tracing Artefacts, Agencies and Practices / [ed] Kurath, M., Marskamp, M., Paulos, J. & Ruegg, J., Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 99-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Crossing Borders: International Exchange and Planning Practices2012In: IDPR. International Development Planning Review, ISSN 1474-6743, E-ISSN 1478-3401, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 211-212Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cultivating torment: The cosmopolitics of more-than-human urban planning2016In: City, ISSN 1360-4813, E-ISSN 1470-3629, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 581-601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A more-than-human sensibility is founded upon an awareness of the fundamentally entangled fates of humans and non-humans, from the individual body to the planetary scale. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential impact of such insights on urban planning theory and methodology. I will focus upon exploring possible resources that could serve to institutionalize such a more-than-human sensibility into an everyday practice of urban planning which still today can be described as a ‘tightly woven modernist fabric’. From this angle I review two suggested approaches for radically reforming planning practice: critical planning and technical democracy. I conclude that the ambitions of these reform projects are laudable but that they are fundamentally problematic in that their self-image of limitless inclusiveness makes them blind to the foundational, radical exclusions they themselves perform. As a minor contribution towards an alternative approach, I offer a suggestion for a broad ‘work specification’ aiming at the development of a more-than-human planning methodology. It center-stages the need to find ways to responsibly confront all the difficult questions concerning how, in a world marked by profound relational complexity, urban planning practices that aim to enable the flourishing of some entities and futures inevitably demand the neglect, othering or active eradication of other beings, things and/or potential developments.

  • 18.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Dispatches from a time capsule? Moving the ANT, normativity and democracy discussion ten years down the road: an intervention in the Boelens-Rydin-Webb debate2011In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 288-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Accepted version
  • 19.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Doing Planning Work2015In: Connections: Exploring contemporary planning theory and practice with Patsy Healey, Ashgate, 2015, p. 219-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    En plats för konsten i samhällsplaneringens processer: projektet Radikalt Miljöombyte2011In: Plan : tidskrift för planering av landsbygd och tätorter, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 38-43Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 21.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Expanding the subject of planning: Enacting the relational complexities of more-than-human urban common(er)s2016In: Space, Power and the Commons: The Struggle for Alternative Futures, 2016, p. 146-149Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Konsten att leva schizoanalytiskt: En recension av G Deleuze & F Guattaris 'Tusen Platåer' (Tankekraft förlag)2016In: Magasinet Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 4Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Konsten som demokratiserande teknologi: möjligheter och utmaningar med konst-iga rum2011In: Skiss: konst, arbetsliv, forskning: Nio rapporter / [ed] Anders Widoff, Stockholm: Konstfrämjandet , 2011, p. 240-252Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kultur i hållbarstadsutveckling: ett experiment i gemensamt utforskande2013In: Hållbar utveckling: den kulturella dimensionen / [ed] Nilsson, D., Olsson, K. & Lindgren, K., Stockholm: Boverket , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kunskapsekonomins pionjärer: konsultbranschens framväxt i Sverige och Stockholm2018Book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lojal tjänare, paragrafryttare eller gerilla i byråkratin?: Funderingar om tjänstepersonens roll som “god byråkrat” i dialogprocesser2016In: Medborgardialog: om det svåra i att mötas. Praktikers reflektioner om ett av demokratins  viktigaste verktyg / [ed] Jonna Bornemark, Stockholm: Stiftelsen Arkus , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Matters of Care: Speculative Ethics in More Than Human Worlds2018In: Architectural Theory Review, ISSN 1326-4826, E-ISSN 1755-0475, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 140-147Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Neither revolution, nor resignation: (re)democratizing contemporary planning praxis: A commentary on Allmendinger and Haughton's "Spatial planning, devolution, and new planning spaces"2011In: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, E-ISSN 1472-3425, ISSN 0263-774X, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 191-196Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Full-text accepted version
  • 29.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Placing the stakes: the enactment of territorial stakeholders in planning processes2013In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 781-796Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an investigation into processes of becoming-stakeholder. It focuses specifically on strategic spatial planning where the stakeholder concept has become one of the linchpins of much contemporary theory and practice. Through drawing upon the sociology of attachments and scholarship on subjectification, it is argued that the enactment of stakeholders in strategic planning processes can be gainfully understood as the production of stakeholder subjectivities by way of practices of ontological choreography which can generate territorial attachments and rearticulate existing attachments into a specifically territorial format. From this perspective, stakeholderness is never an ontologically pregiven property to be uncovered by diligent analysis. Rather, we might come to see that stakeholder subjectification is a process through which actors learn to be affected, and where these affections further come to be articulated as territorial attachments engendering, or at least prompting, a 'caring for place'. Still, as relational effects, subjectivities are always potentially precarious achievements and it is important not to take for granted that the subjectivities enacted in a specific situation or setting will be easily transposable to other contexts.

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  • 30.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning and the politics of hope: a critical inquiry2018In: The Routledge Handbook of Institutions and Planning in Action / [ed] Willem Salet, New York: Routledge, 2018, p. 108-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Postpolitics and planning2017In: The Routledge Handbook of Planning Theory / [ed] Gunder, M., Madanipour, A., Watson, V., Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years has seen a flurry of discussions about postpolitics or the ‘postpolitical condition’ in relation to a wide range of issues broadly concerning contemporary urban planning and governance. What unites the scholars writing on the topic of postpolitics and planning is their diagnosis that a number of aspects of contemporary planning practice are deeply troubling, particularly from a democracy perspective. The primary cause of worry is that an exaggerated and uncritical infatuation with ideas of partnership governance and ‘participatory’ consensus-building risks leading to a situation in which planning procedures merely function to window-dress democratically deeply deficient governance processes. In the first part of this chapter I review the main themes of the existing literature on planning and postpolitics. I then highlight three areas in which new research on postpolitics and planning can be productive by not only simply applying the theory to specific empirical cases, but by also contributing to the further refinement of the theory itself. These concern the definition, specification and contestation of postpolitics.

  • 32.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    'Power’ is that which remains to be explained: Dispelling the ominous dark matter of critical planning studies2016In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 203-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to contribute to the development of new theoretical and methodological resources for analysing power dynamics in planning studies. Our overarching aim is to demystify the concept of ‘power’ and what it purports to be describing, making those practices grouped under this label more tangible and, hence, also more readily contestable. Investigating how the effects we label as power are produced, instead of using ‘power’ as an all-covering explanation of societal events, demands a conceptualization of power as the outcome of social processes rather than as a causal variable behind them. An empirical study of a referendum regarding a major urban development in a Swedish suburban municipality illustrates how strong assumptions regarding the dominance of, for example, pre-existing powerful actor-constellations or purely economic relations are not always very helpful, highlighting the need for more acute attentiveness to the micro-physics of power.

  • 33.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Raising the Regional Leviathan: A Relational-Materialist Conceptualization of Regions-in-Becoming as Publics-in-Stabilization2013In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, ISSN 0309-1317, E-ISSN 1468-2427, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 1368-1395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to contribute to the understanding of how spatial entities in general and those spatial entities that are defined as regions' in particular form, evolve and sometimes stabilize. Inspired by the scholarship of Noortje Marres, the article explores how regions-in-becoming may be gainfully conceptualized as publics-in-stabilization. In the article it is argued that some of the mechanisms involved in such processes pertain to how territorially framed issues sometimes become formulated as loosely articulated propositions for regionalization. These can, with time, generate emergent stakeholder communities, which in turn may become stabilized and delegated to more durable forms and materials which can eventually become naturalized as recognized regions. A suggested conceptual model is utilized to perform an analysis of empirical material from three contemporary processes of regionalization in Northern Europe with the purpose of examining and discussing some of the potential merits and shortcomings of the conceptual model. It is concluded that adopting the proposed perspective can enable scholars to highlight some of the mechanisms whereby vague and non-coherent propositions for regionalization within time may be singularized and stabilized to such a degree that they become taken for granted as naturalized spatialities.

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  • 34.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Spatial planning and/as caring formore-than-human place2014In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 1001-1011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Staying with the Trouble: Making Kin in the Chthulucene2018In: Architectural Theory Review, ISSN 1326-4826, E-ISSN 1755-0475, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 140-147Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Strange spaces: A rationale for bringing art and artists into the planning process2011In: Planning Theory, ISSN 1473-0952, E-ISSN 1741-3052, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 213-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to offer a rationale for bringing art and artists into the planning process. Although there appears to exist a nascent interest in planner-artist collaborations in contemporary planning practice and research, accounts of such collaborations in planning literature are generally patchy and often under-theorized. In this article I argue that art and artistled activities can function as a powerful vehicle of communication in the planning process. The unique potential of planner-artist collaborations is based on the artistic licence that grants the artist a mandate to set the stage for an estrangement of that which is familiar and taken-for-granted, thus shifting frames of references and creating a radical potential for planning in a way that can be very difficult for planners to achieve on their own.

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    Accepted version
  • 37.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Taking care to stay with the trouble2018In: Architectural Theory Review, ISSN 1326-4826, E-ISSN 1755-0475, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 140-147Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The city is not a menschenpark: Rethinking the tragedy of the Urban commons beyond the human/ non-human divide2015In: Urban Commons: Rethinking the City, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015, p. 22-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The contested terrain of European territorial governance: new perspectives on democratic deficits and political displacements2014In: Planning against the Political: Democratic deficits in European territorial governance / [ed] Metzger, Allmendinger & Oosterlynck, New York: Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The cosmopolitics of urban planning in a more-than-human world2023In: The Routledge International Handbook of More-than-Human Studies, Taylor and Francis , 2023, p. 348-358Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The moose are protesting: conceptualizingplanning politics across the human/non-human divide2014In: Planning against the Political: Democratic deficits in European territorial governance / [ed] Jonathan Metzger, Phil Allmendinger & Stijn Oosterlynck, New York: Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
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  • 42.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Planning Development Nexus: How Places are Produced and Changed2015In: Connections:: Exploring contemporary planning theory and practice with Patsy Healey / [ed] Hillier & Metzger, Ashgate, 2015, p. 131-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The subject of place: staying with the trouble2014In: Emergent Urbanism: Urban Planning & Design in Times of Structural and Systemic Change / [ed] Tigran Haas & Krister Olsson, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    subject_of_place_draft
  • 44.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Allmendinger, P.
    Kornberger, M.
    Ideology in practice: the career of sustainability as an ideological concept in strategic urban planning2021In: International Planning Studies, ISSN 1356-3475, E-ISSN 1469-9265, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 302-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an approach for analysing ideology dynamics in strategic urban planning based on post-foundational political theory. Drawing on empirical material of strategic planners discussing their usage of the concept of sustainability it is suggested that although planners generally consider themselves to be pragmatic problem-solvers, it is exactly in their efforts to ‘get things done’ that they become deeply embroiled in the social dynamics of ideology. The reason for this is that planners are forced to employ ideologically charged concepts to bring together the disparate coalitions of actors that are needed for generating any form of policy traction in fractured governance landscapes. However, the ideological utilization of a concept contributes not only to the reproduction of hegemonic relations but also to a consequent hollowing out of the concept whereby its meaning becomes increasingly diluted, leading to its eventual demise and replacement.

  • 45.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Allmendinger, P.
    Oosterlynck, S.
    Planning against the political: Democratic deficits in European territorial governance2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book brings together a number of highly innovative and thought provoking contributions from European researchers in territorial governance-related fields such as human geography, planning studies, sociology, and management studies. The contributions share the ambition of highlighting troubling contemporary tendencies where spatial planning and territorial governance can be seen to circumscribe or subvert 'due democratic practice' and the democratic ethos. The book also functions as an introduction to some of the central strands of contemporary political philosophy, discussing their relevance for the wider field of planning studies and the development of new planning practices.

  • 46.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Carlsson Kanyama, Annika
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Strategic Sustainability Studies.
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, Philosophy.
    Mossberg Sonnek, Karin
    Carstens, Christoffer
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability and Environmental Engineering.
    Wester, Misse
    Wedebrand, Christoffer
    The flexibility gamble: challenges for mainstreaming flexible approaches to climate change adaptation2021In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 0, no 0, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adaptive and flexible approaches based on implementing different measures as new information emerges have been proposed as a way of enabling robustness towards uncertain future climate change. However, the success of flexible approaches in practice depends on the stability of the relevant organizational landscapes. In this paper, we draw upon key insights from the institutional theories of organizations and research on public administration and climate adaptation in Sweden. We argue that potential organizational instabilities pose a substantial challenge for the mainstreaming of flexible approaches to climate adaptation. Given the unstable character of the relevant organizational landscape in a very stable country such as Sweden, it seems reasonable to also seriously doubt the capacity of the relevant authorities in less stable countries to carry out a great number of monitoring-intensive, and hence attention-demanding, adaptive governance processes over time. Based on our results we argue that it is perilous to simply assume that flexible approaches to climate adaptation will lead to greater robustness.

  • 47.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hillier, Jean
    RMIT University.
    Connections: an introduction2015In: Connections: exploring contemporary planning theory and practice with Patsy Healey / [ed] Metzger & Hillier, Ashgate, 2015, p. 3-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hillier, JeanRMIT University.
    Connections: exploring contemporary planning theory and practice with Patsy Healey2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Håkansson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lundström, Lisa
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Förutsättningar för en proaktiv kommunal bostadsplanering2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkter

    Professor Jonathan Metzger, universitetslektor Maria Håkansson och forskningsingenjör Lisa Lundström vid Institutionen för Samhällsplanering och Miljö, KTH har för Hyresgästföreningens Riksförbunds (HGF RF) räkning tagit fram en utredning om markfrågor och fysisk planering på kommunal nivå, med fokus på planering för tillkommande bostadsbebyggelse.

    Utredningens utgångspunkt är att HGF RF har en bild av att planering av tillkommande bostadsbebyggelse i nuläget sker först när det finns en byggherre som en kommun har kontakt med, varpå planeringen utförs i dialog med denne. Detta kan betecknas som en mer eller mindre explicit exploatörsdriven planeringsmodell för tillkommande bostadsbebyggelse. HGF önskar utreda om denna bild stämmer, samt vilka orsaker som i så fall ligger bakom detta val av tillvägagångssätt. HGF RF intresserar sig också särskilt för vilka effekter ett sådant tillvägagångssätt eventuellt skulle kunna få på processkvaliteten (graden av insyn och förutsägbarhet i processerna) samt outputkvaliteten (kvaliteten och hållbarhetsomsorgen i de bostäder och livsmiljöer som tillskapas) för den tillkommande bostadsbebyggelsen. Ett annat intresseområde hos beställaren rör det juridiska ramverkets eventuella påverkan på kommuners möjligheter att bedriva en proaktiv bostadsplanering med omsorg om process- och outputkvalitet.

    Studien har inbegripit dokumentstudier, intervjuer med strategiskt utvalda personer, en interaktiv workshop samt fyra inspel från ledande auktoriteter på området. Personerna är utvalda för att ge inblick i kommunala, kommersiella såväl som juridiska perspektiv på ämnesområdet.

    Utredningens huvudresultat

    Utredningen visar att HGFs övergripande bild stämmer med hur bostadsplanering idag över lag bedrivs i landets kommuner. Detta bekräftas av i stort sett samtliga de aktörer som vi i utredningen varit i kontakt med samt även av tidigare utredningar på området. Det är dock viktigt att även nyansera denna generella bild. Landets kommuner har inte bara extremt olika ekonomiska, politiska, geografiska och demografiska förutsättningar – utan har också gjort olika val i hur man organiserar sin bostadsplanering och bostadsutvecklingsprocess. Trots att väldigt många kommuners bostadsplaneringsprocesser idag i hög grad är exploatörsdrivna finns det även kommuner som anstränger sig för att vara mer proaktiva i sin planering.  

    Bland den mer reaktivt inriktade majoriteten av kommuner finns det de som väljer att bedriva sina stadsutvecklingsprocesser på detta sätt på grund av en ideologisk övertygelse om att marknaden i hög grad bör ha ledarskapet i hur den byggda miljön utvecklas. I många kommuner är det dock troligtvis inte en sådan ideologisk övertygelse som är den främsta drivkraften bakom den reaktiva hållningen, utan snarare ett upplevt tvång. Detta upplevda tvång grundar sig framför allt i kommunernas ekonomiska förutsättningar. Som påpekats ser dessa väldigt olika ut, men det finns trots detta vissa generella drag som kan framhållas.

    Till att börja med är de flesta svenska kommuners ekonomi i någon grad ansträng. Kommunerna kämpar för att säkerställa kvaliteten i utförandet av de uppgifter som staten har ålagt dem. Dessutom konkurrerar kommuner inbördes för att attrahera ekonomiskt starka hushåll och företag som långsiktigt kan säkra en skattebas för den egna verksamheten. En annan aspekt av resursbristen i kommunerna är mer specifik och rör kommunernas planerings- och exploateringsfunktioner. Många kommuner har, på grund av den allmänna resursbristen, svårt att satsa resurser på omfattande egna planeringsorganisationer bemannade av kompetenta och erfarna planerare, ingenjörer och handläggare. Det råder därtill en allmän kompetensbrist inom detta yrkesområde. I och med detta saknas ofta resurser att agera mer proaktivt inom bostadsutvecklingsområdet, även i fall där det finns en sådan vilja och ambition. Sammantaget leder de två typerna av resursbrist, den generella och den specifika, till att kommunerna i hög grad söker att agera ekonomiskt riskminimerande inom sitt samhällsplaneringsarbete, inbegripande även bostadsplanering.  

    Många kommuner har idag på grund av övergripande förändringar i regelverket för kommunala bostadsbolag, ideologiskt motiverade politiska beslut och/eller ekonomiskt tvång en mycket svag egen genomförandeförmåga för bostadsproduktion och är därför i hög grad beroende av marknadens aktörer för att förverkliga tillkommande bostadsbebyggelse. Den riskminimerande strategin är logisk utifrån att kommunerna tillsammans med byggherrarna i dagens läge bär all ekonomisk risk i projekten. Utifrån en sådan förutsättning är det inte förvånansvärt att kommunerna, under rådande resursknapphet, försöker lägga över en så stor del av det ekonomiska risktagandet som möjligt på byggherrarna, genom att förskjuta ansvaret för tidig projektering och projektutveckling – och ibland även rent krasst hela planutvecklingen – på dessa. Effekten av detta blir dock att kommunen i någon mån i praktiken avsäger sin roll som vägledare för att utvecklingen av mark- och vattenresurser blir så optimal som möjligt utifrån medborgarnas samtida och framtida behov. I stället kommer marknadens prioriteringar, som alltid i första hand styrs av omsorgen om sina ägares avkastningskrav, i hög grad att styra vilka bostäder som byggs var, och för vem.

    Vad gäller frågan om den exploatörsdrivna bostadsplaneringens effekter på processkvalitet kan vi konstatera att en överväldigande majoritet av våra informanter anser att processkvaliteten blir tydligt lidande vid denna typ av arbetssätt. De utförliga tidiga dialogerna mellan kommun och byggherre, som föregår den formella planprocessen, sker som regel i slutna rum med en hög grad av sekretess. Det kan därför bli svårt att verifiera utifrån vilka positioner de olika aktörerna har förhandlat, samt vilka värden de har prioriterat i förhandlingarna – och på vilka grunder kommunen slutligen har fattat beslutet att gå vidare med en specifik utformning på en uppgörelse och därpå följande projektformat.  

    Vad gäller de exploatörsdrivna processernas effekter på outputkvalitet, i form av påverkan på hållbarhetsomsorgen och omsorgen om kvalitet i de byggda bostädernas och bostadsområdena, är bilden inte lika entydig. Trots det uttrycker många av våra initierade informanter en distinkt oro för att det i insynsbegränsade långtgående förhandlingar mellan kommuner och byggherrar är andra värden som riskerar att bli prioriterade framför hållbarhet och kvalitet. Det finns framför allt en distinkt risk för att hänsyn till kortsiktig ekonomisk nytta riskerar att trumfa en prioritering av bästa möjliga hållbarhet och kvalitet i bostäder och livsmiljöer. Denna risk förstärks av det faktum att kommunalt ägd mark idag för många svenska kommuner utgör en av de få realiserbara resurser som man besitter. Det gör, givet de allmänna ekonomiska förutsättningarna, att man upplever ett behov av att säkra maximala inkomster från försäljningen av denna resurs för att så gott som möjligt generera intäkter till kommunkassan. Markpriset bestäms i hög grad av storleken på byggrätten, vilket gör att kommuner kan lockas att göra avkall på kvaliteten för att på så sätt maximera byggrätten och därtill kopplade markförsäljningsintäkter.

    Vägar framåt

    Vad kan då göras för att få till stånd en generellt mer proaktiv kommunal planering för att uppnå en hög takt i bostadsbyggandet samtidigt med ett värnande om processkvalitet och outputkvalitet?  

    Viktigt här är att påpeka att proaktivitet-reaktivitet inte är ett binärt motsatspar, utan snarare utgör en gradskala. Svagare former av proaktivitet kan exempelvis inbegripa genererande av en strategisk beredskap för att planera tillkommande bostadsbebyggelse. Detta kan exempelvis ske genom en aktiv rullande översiktsplanering som med aktualitet kommunicerar kommunens ambitioner och avsikter vad gäller bostadsutveckling eller bruket av fördjupade översiktsplaner eller detaljplaneprogram för att ge indikationer om kommunens intentioner. Det kan också ske genom utveckling av olika egna kommunövergripande eller områdesspecifika kommunala riktlinjer som kommunen binder sig själv till som normer för exempelvis kvalitet och hållbarhet i den byggda miljön. I rapporten lägger vi ingen värdering i vilken grad av proaktivitet som är den rätta. Förutsättningarna i landets kommuner är alltför varierade för att kunna ge ett sådant entydigt svar. Fokus är snarare på hur det generellt går att skapa förutsättningar för de många kommuner som idag inte befinner sig i den mest proaktiva änden av spektrumet att i alla fall flytta sig något snäpp uppåt på proaktivitetsskalan.

    Utifrån den strida ström av utredningar av Plan- och Bygglagen som producerats under det senaste decenniet skulle man lätt kunna tro att lösningen på den samtida bostadsutmaningen ligger i en genomgripande reform av PBL. Majoriteten av de som vi diskuterat frågan med, och framför allt våra juridiskt mest initierade intervjupersoner och inspelsförfattare, menar dock att det inte framför allt är lagstiftningen som är hindret när det gäller förutsättningarna för kommuner att bedriva en mer proaktiv och mindre exploatörsdriven bostadsplanering. Även med existerande ramverk finns det utrymme för en mer proaktiv kommunal bostadsplanering än vad som i regel förekommer idag.

    En annan möjlig lösning fokuserar på det så kallade anvisningsförfarandet för kommunal mark. Merparten av de nytillkommande bostäder som idag byggs i Sverige uppförs på kommunal mark som överlåts med detta syfte. I den form av exploatörsdrivna processer som diskuterats som norm i denna rapport sker markupplåtelsen generellt i form av en direktanvisning efter utförlig förhandling med byggherren. En hypotes skulle kunna vara att en restriktion av kommunens möjligheter att anvisa mark genom direktanvisning skulle tvinga fram en mer öppen och transparent process. Idén är inte utan meriter, men vad gäller anvisningsförfarande kan vi i utredningen dock se att det inte finns någon ”magisk kula”. Alla anvisningsförfaranden har sina fördelar och nackdelar, kräver olika typer av kompetenser och är anpassade till olika typer av planeringsförutsättningar.

    Trots detta kan det ändå konstateras att det är problematiskt att direktanvisning efter utförlig dialog med en byggherre är en så pass dominerande form. Detta är den processtruktur i vilken kommuner agerar som mest utpräglat i rollen som markägare snarare än som myndighet, vilket också leder till insynsbegränsade processer och potentiellt stor risk för att kortsiktig ekonomisk nytta tillåts dominera över mer långsiktiga värden som social och ekologisk hållbarhet och att man genom detta gör avkall på processkvalitet och outputkvalitet. Lösningen på detta problem är dock inte så enkelt som att helt sonika förbjuda direktanvisningsförfarandet, då det finns situationer i vilket detta är en påkallad och ändamålsenlig markanvisningsmetod. Vad som snarare behövs för att öka möjligheterna och incitamenten för kommuner att bedriva en mer proaktiv planläggning av bostäder är att åtgärda den resursbrist som många kommuner idag upplever, både mer generellt och specifikt inom sina planeringsorganisationer. Vad som i övrigt behöver säkerställas på en kommunal nivå är en ändamålsenlig och sammanhängande organisering av olika delar och faser av bostadsplaneringen och dess realisering. Särskilt viktigt är utvecklandet av en stabil praxis för hur de olika juridiskt mer kraftfulla verktygen – såsom detaljplaner, bygglov och genomförandeavtal – kan fås att samspela organisatoriskt för att skapa förutsättningar för en hög takt i bostadsbyggandet kombinerat med ett värnande om process- och outputkvaliteter.

    Den utbredda kommunala resursknappheten gör även att kommuner många gånger inte vågar investera resurser i en proaktiv planläggning av mark till bostadsändamål utifrån de befintliga bostadsbehoven och den standard på kvalitativa och hållbara boendemiljöer som man önskar uppnå, då man upplever att detta riskerar att utmynna i ”förgävesplanering” som aldrig blir realiserad. Samtidigt är denna risk i viss grad illusorisk då exploatörsdrivna processer i än högre grad riskerar att leda till alltför skräddarsydda planer som blir oanvändbara i det fall byggherren av någon anledning drar sig ur genomförandet av planen.

    En avgörande fråga för att ge kommuner incitament att bedriva en mer proaktiv planering handlar således om fördelningen av risker. I dagens system bär kommunerna och byggherrarna hela den ekonomiska risken för planering och genomförande. Före avvecklandet av den statliga bostadspolitiken i början av 1990-talet bar staten i stället en stor del av denna ekonomiska risk. Många menar att det ledde till en överproduktion av bostäder då de som planerade och utförde bostadsproduktionen (kommuner och byggherrar) inte själva behövde ta ansvar för de ekonomiska riskerna. Men idag har pendeln slagit över i den andra extremen: staten har i det närmaste helt undandragit sig ansvaret för den ekonomiska risken i bostadsproduktionen och lagt över denna på kommuner och utförare.  

    Vi förordar inte en återgång till situationen så som den såg ut före 1990-talet, då bostadskrediterna utgjorde en icke-försumbar finansiell ansträngning för statskassan. Men det skulle göra en stor skillnad för kommunernas utrymme att agera mer proaktivt om staten i alla fall skulle återta ett litet ansvar för risktagandet, för att på så sätt avlasta kommunerna och skapa något bättre förutsättningar för en mer proaktiv kommunal bostadsplanering med fokus på processkvalitet och outputkvalitet. I detta hänseende skulle även en liten insats av statliga resurser kunna göra en rejäl positiv skillnad, särskilt på planeringssidan. Nyligen vunna erfarenheter från försöksverksamheter på detta område visar att tillskjutande av i statliga mått väldigt blygsamma resurser kan göra en markant skillnad för den enskilda kommunen genom att stötta upp den kommunala stadsbyggnadsorganisationen och bidra till ett kapacitetsbyggande och kompetenshöjande som möjliggör för kommunen att bli mer proaktiva i sitt arbetssätt. 

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  • 50. Metzger, Jonathan
    et al.
    Kallio, Kirsi Paulina
    Tampere University.
    'Alternative’ journal publishing and the economy of academic prestige2018In: Fennia, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 196, no 1, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other academic)
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