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  • 1.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    The impact of advanced vocational education and training on earnings in Sweden2014In: International Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 1360-3736, E-ISSN 1468-2419, Vol. 18, no 4, 256-270 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have established a relationship between greater education and training and higher earnings but it is difficult to infer that the former causes the latter if those with higher earnings tend to engage in more education and training. The present study attempts to control for ability and family background to see if stronger inferences can be made about education and training as the independent variable. The study focuses upon advanced vocational education and training (AVET) in Sweden. This is post-secondary school education for individuals who are 20 years of age or older. The aim of this article is to estimate the effects of AVET on earnings by controlling for selection bias. We used various approaches such as instrumental variables, Hausman–Taylor estimates, fixed effects estimates and propensity score matching to achieve this aim. A panel, or longitudinal, data set for eight different labor markets in Sweden for the period 1996–2008 was used. The results indicate that earnings from AVET are higher than the return on investment in comprehensive education. The average effect on income is estimated to be in the range of 3–8 percent.

  • 2. Baum, C. F.
    et al.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Stephan, A.
    A new approach to estimation of the R&D–innovation–productivity relationship2016In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We apply a generalized structural equation model approach to the estimation of the relationship between R&D, innovation and productivity that focuses on the potentially crucial heterogeneity across sectors. The model accounts for selectivity and handles the endogeneity of this relationship in a recursive framework which allows for feedback effects from productivity to future R&D investment. Our approach enables the estimation of the different equations as one system, allowing the coefficients to differ across sectors, and also permits us to take cross-equation correlation of the errors into account. Employing a panel of Swedish manufacturing and service firms observed in three consecutive Community Innovation Surveys in the period 2008–2012, our full-information maximum likelihood estimates show that many key channels of influence among the model's components vary meaningfully in their statistical significance and magnitude across six different sectors based on the OECD classification on technological and knowledge intensity. These results cast doubt on earlier research which does not allow for sectoral heterogeneity.

  • 3.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Nabavi Larijani, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Cook, Gary
    Johansson, Börje
    Learning-by-exporting and innovation strategies2015In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 24, no 1-2, 52-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the combined effect of exports, innovation and external knowledge on total factor productivity growth among manufacturing firms. This paper distinguishes between frequent and temporary exporters as well as between frequent and temporary innovators. Applying a dynamic approach on an unbalanced panel consisting of 8516 Swedish firms observed over a 12-year period, the results show that among firms with permanent presence in export markets, persistent innovators have 0.5% point higher annual productivity growth than non-innovative exporters and 0.4% higher growth compared to firms that switch between being innovative or not. A similar pattern is found for the group of companies that alternates between exporting and non-exporting; however, the differences in growth rates are not statistically significant. We also show that only persistently innovative exporters and exporters with a large fraction of exports in their sales benefit from their presence in the local milieu with high knowledge intensity.

  • 4.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Exporters, Spin-outs and Firm Performance2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the relationship between exporters, spin-outs and firm performance. A large body of research has shown that exporters perform better than non-exporters. But are also firms spawn out from exporters better than other new firms in terms of survival, productivity and growth? Using a panel of about 2,000 ex-employee starts ups, their parent companies and 10 000 other new firms in Sweden observed over a sequence of 5 years, we provide new evidence on spinouts as a channel of transferring knowledge from exporting firms to new ventures.

  • 5.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Innovation and credit constraints: evidence from Swedish exporting firms2016In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, ISSN 1043-8599, E-ISSN 1476-8364, Vol. 25, no 3, 269-282 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data from approximately 8300, primarily small, exporting firms in Sweden observed over the business cycle period 1997–2007, we examine the relationship between innovation and financial factors in a regression that include changes in cash holdings, cash flow and debt issues. Our nonlinear econometric approach with interaction variables between recession period, technology intensity and finance suggests that innovative firms in high-tech sectors tend to offset the effect of a negative financial shock by exploiting internal cash resources. No corresponding link between innovation and financial factors is found for medium and low-technology exporters.

  • 6.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Innovation, Spillovers and Productivity Growth: A Dynamic Panel Data ApproachManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines variation in productivity growth within a given lo-cation and between dierent locations. Implementing a dynamic paneldata approach on Swedish micro data, we test the separate and comple-mentary eect of internal innovation eorts and spillovers from the localmilieu. Measuring the potential knowledge spillover by access to knowl-edge intensive services, the estimation results produce strong evidence ofdierences in the capacity to benet from external knowledge among per-sistent innovators, temporary innovators and non-innovators. The resultsare consistent regardless of whether innovation eorts are measured interms of the frequency of patent applications or R&D investments.

  • 7.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Knowledge spillovers, productivity and patent2015In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 55, no 1, 249-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine potential heterogeneity in the capacity to benefit from knowledge spillovers in metropolitan areas between foreign-owned and domestic multinational enterprises, and between small and large firms. The study is restricted to R&D firms in the manufacturing sector and utilizes an unbalanced sample of 1073 Swedish firms covering a 16-year period with close to 11,000 observations. We apply linear and nonlinear approaches to test the importance of knowledge spillovers on labour productivity and patent applications. The overall result shows that not all R&D firms benefit from knowledge spillovers as a result of their presence in an agglomeration area.

  • 8.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Survival, productivity and growth of new ventures across locations2014In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 43, no 2, 477-491 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assess the impact of the location of genuinely new ventures and spinoffs on these firms' survival, productivity and growth. The study distinguishes between four different categories of locations: metro cities, metro regions, urban areas, and rural areas. Using a unique database covering more than 23,000 new entrants between 2000 and 2004 in Sweden and observing them for 5 years, several conclusions may be drawn from our study. First, there is a substantial difference in ex-post entry performance between the manufacturing and service sectors. Second, the proposed superiority of start-ups by ex-employees depends on the performance measures and the sector. Third, knowledge and technology intensity of the industry matter for the viability of the new firms.

  • 9.
    Lööf, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    The Joint Impact of Innovation and Knowledge Spillovers on Productivity and Growth for Exporting Firms2014In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides new insights regarding the role of innovation and localisation on the levels and growth of total factor productivity among exporting firms. For that purpose, we establish a dynamic model using data collected from nearly 10,000 Swedish exporting firms over a 12-year period. Different innovation proxies are used, and we distinguish between persistent and non-persistent innovators, while knowledge from outside the firm is measured by a newly developed methodology with detailed spatial resolution. The econometric evidence shows two distinct results. First, persistent innovators benefit significantly more than other exporters from access to a rich spectrum of nearby knowledge. Second, the level of productivity among non-innovative exporters and exporters that are only temporary engaged in innovation is positively affected by externalities in the most knowledge-intense local milieus.

  • 10.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Inherited Advantage and Spinoff SuccessManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      This paper focuses on exports, innovation, tenure and management and investigates how the incumbent firm characteristics affect the viability of its spinoff. Using comprehensive Swedish employer-employee panel data sets, three possible outcomes are identified for spinoffs: survival, acquisition and complete exit from the market. While experience from exporting parent has a significant and positive effect on spinoff survival, no spillover effect from an innovative firms can be found. However, taking the managerial experience in the incumbent firm into account, there is some weak evidence of a positive link between the innovative parent and the survival of the spinoff.

  • 11.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Innovation and Productivity: A Microdata Analysis2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis consists of four papers. The first two papers deal with firms’ innovation strategies, knowledge spillover and their impact on growth and productivity. The last two papers are focused on spinoffs and their survival.

    The first paper finds a strong indication of variation in the capacity of firms to benefit from external knowledge among persistent innovators, temporary innovators and non-innovators. It considers the distinct and complementary effect of internal innovation efforts and spillovers from the local milieu.

    The second paper shows that persistently innovative exporters benefit considerably more than other exporters from access to a rich spectrum of neighbouring knowledge. The level of productivity among non-innovative exporters and exporters that are only temporarily engaged in innovation is positively influenced by externalities in the most knowledge-intense local milieus.

    The third paper reveals that there is a substantial difference in ex-post entry performance between genuinely new ventures and spinoffs in the manufacturing and service sectors based on their location. The proposed superiority of start-ups by ex-employees depends on the performance measures and the sector. Moreover, knowledge and the technology intensity of the industry matter for the viability of the new firms.

    The fourth paper focuses on exports, innovation, tenure and management and investigates how the incumbent firm characteristics affect the viability of its spinoffs. While experience from an exporting parent has a significant and positive effect on market success, no spillover effect from innovative firms can be found.

  • 12.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Larijani, Pardis Nabavi
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Socialt kapital och innovation: ett rumsligt perspektiv” (Social capital and innovation: a spatial perspective)2013In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 90, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our understanding of the relationship between innovative capacity, social ca-pital and the social dimension of sustainable development is still in its infan-cy. There is an extensive literature on innovation with a strong connection to theories of social capital, but only a few studies have examined the effects of social capital on innovation. We create and test two measurable variables that describe local innovative potential in order to contribute to deeper understan-ding of the link between innovation and social capital: business-related social capital related to place, and innovative policy potential in local communities. Our model for Swedish municipalities indicates that these two variables have a positive impact on firm innovation (measured by export value per capita) at the local level, but also that there may be differences between these relationships in urban and rural municipalities.

  • 13.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lööf, Hans
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    Olsson, Amy Rader
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nabavi, Pardis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM).
    The entrepreneurial/innovative place potential of Swedish cities and towns2014In: The social dynamics of innovation networks / [ed] R Rutten, P Benneworth, D Irawati, F Boekema, Abingdon: Routledge, 2014, 60-80 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Wilhelmsson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
    Andersson, Roland
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Building and Real Estate Economics.
    Larijani, Pardis Nabavi
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Hur påverkar kvalificerad yrkesutbildning inkomster, arbetslöshet och sjukskrivningar?2011Report (Other academic)
1 - 14 of 14
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