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  • 1. Andersson, A. E.
    et al.
    Andersson, D. E.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Location and spatial clustering of artists2014In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 128-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveys of artists' location choices show that they disproportionately reside in large cities. This paper introduces a model that attempts to explain this urban preference. The model includes four factors: access to other artists; access to consumer demand; access to service jobs; and housing affordability. These four factors are combined in a spatial equilibrium model. An equilibrium spatial distribution of artists is derived from the model and is correlated with the actual distribution among Swedish municipalities. Subsequently, the model is used for an econometric estimation of factor effects. The results show that access to other artists and local access to service jobs are important localization factors. Educated labor used as a proxy for consumer demand has a significant effect on artists' location choices.

  • 2. Andersson, Ake E.
    et al.
    Andersson, David Emanuel
    Harsman, Bjorn
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Complexity, scientific creativity and clustering2015In: RISE OF THE CITY: SPATIAL DYNAMICS IN THE URBAN CENTURY, EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD , 2015, p. 15-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3. Andersson, David Emanuel
    et al.
    Andersson, Åke E.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Unemployment in European regions: structural problems versus the Eurozone hypothesis2015In: Journal of Economic Geography,, ISSN 1468-2702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unemployment rates differ dramatically across European regions. This article analyses these differences by integrating institutional and spatial perspectives into a unified dynamic framework distinguishing between slow and fast processes of change. The framework forms the basis for an econometric model that is used to analyse labour market differences among European Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques 2 regions. The results of random-effects models indicate that four key factors—all of which are of the slowly changing type—explain a large part of the variation in unemployment as well as employment rates. Flexible labour market regulations and above-average levels of interpersonal trust are institutional factors that reduce unemployment. Accessibility factors such as inter-regional transport connectivity and local access to skilled workers have similarly substantial effects. Whether a region belongs to the Eurozone or not seems to be less important.

  • 4.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport and Economics (closed 20110301), Economics (closed 20110301). KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS (closed 20110701).
    Do University Units Differ in the Efficiency of Resource Utilization?: – a case study of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many efficiency studies have been conducted to look at the relative performance of universities. Judgments were made on the overall performance of universities compared to the best performing ones in the sample. Meanwhile the possibility of efficiency variation within the same university was not taken into account. The focus of this paper is on the measurement of technical efficiency within the units of the same university. It is interesting to see if the average efficiency score of university can reflect the performance of various units operating within the same technical university. The analysis is conducted for the Royal Institute of Technology of Sweden (KTH), using the data from the Research Assessment Exercise conducted by KTH in 2008. *It provides a unique opportunity of quantifying different teaching and research outputs while controlling for quality. Technical efficiency scores are estimated using non-parametric production frontier methodologies. Different model specifications are tested.

  • 5.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101).
    Do University Units Differ in the Efficiency of Resource Utilization?: a case study of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), StockholmIn: Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, ISSN 2050-7003, E-ISSN 1758-1184, , p. 29Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficiency of universities is attracting increased interest, with most studies comparing the performance between different universities. However, the within-university variation is largely overlooked in the literature. Using data envelopment analysis this paper identifies heterogeneity in the performance of 47 units of a leading Swedish university (the Royal Institute of Technology) in terms of resource utilization. The findings suggest the following:

    First, three quarters of the units exhibit similar high performance. Second, the units are more efficient in using resources for research than for teaching. Third, efficiency in research is highly correlated with efficiency in teaching, implying a complementary relationship.

  • 6.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
    Essays on University Efficiency Analysis and Entrepreneurship among University Graduates2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis consists of five papers: three deal with the efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) and two with entrepreneurship among university graduates. The efficiency of HEIs is analyzed at three different levels: units of one university, universities of one country and universities of a group of European countries.

    Using data envelopment analysis (DEA) the first paper compares technical efficiency among university units at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm). An interesting result is that there seems to be a complementary relationship between efficiency of resource utilization in teaching and in research.

    The second paper applies stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to estimate the cost efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions. According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have an above average efficiency of 85 percent. The efficiency differences are mainly influenced by the source of funding, HEI size, the number of students per faculty as well as faculty and student compositions.

    The third paper analyses the cost efficiency of universities among a set of public higher education institutions from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. The results suggest small variation in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that the efficiency differences are not explained by country effects. Instead the variations in efficiency are related to organizational differences.

    The two essays on entrepreneurship among university graduates are based on a unique dataset encompassing individual level data on all employees registered in the Swedish labor market. The first paper explores the differences in entrepreneurial choice of graduates from different universities. The main finding from this paper is that the entrepreneurial choice of graduates from internationally ranked Swedish universities systematically differs from others with the difference varying by the area of education.

    The second paper on entrepreneurship aims at explaining the high interest in entrepreneurship among arts graduates and finds that the need for self-expression is among the main motivations for their high interest in entrepreneurship. 

  • 7.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education InstitutionsIn: Journal of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, , p. 23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using parametric frontier techniques, this paper investigates the economic efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions (HEIs) with an attempt to determine the factors causing efficiency differences. The analysis is conducted for 30 HEIs over the time period 2001-2005. A set of HEI organizational factors as well as faculty and student compositions are examined as potential determinants of economic efficiency.

    According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have above average efficiency of 85 percent. The economic efficiency is positively affected by HEI size, the number of students per faculty and a high proportion of young professors in the faculty. Another interesting finding is that the source of financing matters for efficient use of resources; in particular, HEIs with a higher level of government support are found to be less efficient.

  • 8.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education Institutions2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates the economic efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) in Sweden to determine the factors that cause efficiency differences. Stochastic frontier analysis is utilized to estimate the economic efficiency of 30 HEI using both pooled and panel data approaches. HEI specific factors such as size, load, staff and student characteristics as well as government allocations are suggested to be the potential determinants of economic efficiency.The results suggest that HEI are not identical in their economic efficiency; though the average efficiency is high, they do perform differently. This variation is explained by the joint influence of HEI specific factors; the quality of labor is found to be highly significant for the cost efficiency of Swedish HEI.

  • 9.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Björn, Hårsman
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Entrepreneurship and Arts Related EducationIn: Journal of Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, , p. 32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to improve understanding of the observed high level of entrepreneurship among arts graduates. Specifically, the entrepreneurship rates of university graduates in the arts, architecture and engineering are compared. The occupational choice model applied has three options: wage employment, owning and a combination of the two.

    The utility function governing the choice includes income as well as an indicator of the disutility resulting from differences between the skills required and the skills supplied. The model implies that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using Swedish data, this paper shows that the possibility of using artistic skills has stronger impact on the choice of occupation than income considerations.

  • 10.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Deiaco, Enrico
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    McKelvey, Maureen
    Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, University of Gothenburg.
    How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new micro data2012In: The European Higher Education Landscape: Diversity and Performance / [ed] Banaccorsi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the cost efficiency of universities in a set of public higher education institutions (HEI) from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. Using a new cross-national set of university input and output variables as well as series of university-related exogenous variables, it explores cross-country variation in cost efficiency and the impact of institutional factors on efficiency variation.

    The results suggest small variations in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that efficiency differences in HEIs of these countries are not explained by country effects. Austrian HEIs are an exception in this respect. Furthermore, according to our results big universities and those with a high proportion of teaching and research personnel are more efficient, everything else equal.

  • 11.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Deiaco, Enrico
    McKelvey, M.Maureen
    How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new microdata2014In: Knowledge, Diversity and Performance in European Higher Education: A Changing Landscape, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 267-291Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Entrepreneurship among university graduates2010In: 50th Anniversary of European Congress of the Regional Science Association Jönköping, Sweden, 19-23 August, 2010, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates. We are interested in differences across educational areas and among universities regarding entrepreneurial selection and performance. The paper differs from similar studies in two respects. In order to broaden the common definitions used to measure entrepreneurship we suggest a typology making it possible to differentiate between various types of entrepreneurs. Secondly, we differentiate between both level of education, area of education and university of graduation. In order to capture some of the uncertainties related to the choice among our entrepreneurial categories we use individual time series income data.Using cross-section data on Swedish graduates we examine the impact of university on entrepreneurial choice and performance of graduates from 44 Swedish universities. A separate analysis is done for graduates of 5 education fields to control for heterogeneity of education. The results suggest that entrepreneurial preferences differ by education fields, that graduates of some universities are more entrepreneurial than others. We also find that the preferences for different entrepreneurial occupations differ across universities. As to the university effect on graduates’ earnings we find significant university effect for only a small group of universities, which differ by field of education and entrepreneurial category.

  • 13.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Hårsman, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    University choice and entrepreneurship2014In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 42p. 729-746Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims at shedding light upon the impact of universities on graduates' entrepreneurial choice. Previous studies analyze the relationship between the choice of university and labor market success of graduates in terms of their subsequent wages, employability or over-education, whereas the possible link between the choice of university and entrepreneurial choice is neglected. Using 1998-2008 data on graduates from Swedish higher education institutions, the paper finds significant variation in the impact of universities on the career choice of graduates. The results suggest that graduates with degrees in the social sciences, natural sciences, medicine and teacher education from more prestigious universities systematically differ from others in their entrepreneurial choice. At the same time, no statistically significant difference is found for technical science graduates.

  • 14.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Avkastning på högre utbildning bland examinerade vid Stockholms lärosäten2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att uppskatta avkastningen på högre utbildning för olika utbildnings- grupper examinerade från lärosäten i Stockholms län och att härvid beakta både grundutbildning och forskarutbildning.

  • 15.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education2012In: EDULEARN12: 4th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies, IATED , 2012, p. 6244-6255Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates having different kinds of arts related education. After demonstrating large differences concerning entrepreneurship rates, an occupational choice model is outlined. The choice set includes three options: wage employment, owning and combining the two. The utility function governing the choice includes income as well as an indicator of the tension between the skills required and the skills supplied implying that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using Swedish data we show that arts educated are more interested in using their special skills than earning high income.

  • 16.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101). KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to shed light upon entrepreneurship among university graduates having different kinds of arts related education. After demonstrating the large differences between the nine groups concerning entrepreneurship rates, a dynamic model for occupational choice is outlined. The choice is assumed to be governed by the related demand and income and by the match between the skills required and the skills supplied implying that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using data for Swedish graduates we show that the probability of becoming entrepreneur is strongly influenced by the area of education. We further show that compared to engineers artists are more interested in using their special skills and ready to “sacrifice” higher income against the possibility to express their talent.

  • 17.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS.
    Karriärvägar bland examinerade vid Stockholms lärosäten2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten beskriver och analyserar karriärutveckling och entreprenörskap bland sysselsattaakademiker med fokus på dem som har examinerats från universitet och högskolor i Stockholms län.Tre av fyra akademiker med examen från ett lärosäte i Stockholms län arbetar i den störrependlingsregion – Stockholmsregionen – där även delar av Uppsala och Södermanlands län igår.Regionen är starkt kunskapsorienterad. Den svarar för en dryg fjärdedel av Sveriges sysselsättning mendär arbetar 48 procent av alla forskarutbildade och nästan 40 procent av alla akademiker.Stockholmsregionens andel av landets lågutbildade sysselsatta är betydligt lägre, nämligen 22 procent.Den övergripande slutsatsen av vår karriäranalys är att akademiker med examen från lärosäten iStockholms län lyckas väl på arbetsmarknaden. Jämfört med dem med examen från annat håll har deoftare en anställning med krav som motsvarar utbildningen, de har högre löner och de är i störreutsträckning verksamma som entreprenörer.Det är svårt att säga vad dessa tre skillnader till fördel för dem med en examen från Stockholms länberor på. Våra analyser av hur bilden förändras om andra förklarande faktorer tillförs tyder dock påföljande. Lönerna förblir någon eller några procent högre för dem med examen från länet. Likasåförblir sannolikheten att vara entreprenör signifikant om än marginellt högre. Dock gäller attövertaget avseende andelen som har ett akademiskt yrke ”försvinner” när hänsyn tas till andraförklaringsfaktorer.

  • 18.
    Hårsman, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Daghbashyan, Zara
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Chaudhary, Parth
    On the quality and impact of residential energy performance certificates2016In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 133, p. 711-723Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses quality and impact issues concerning Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) by means of a dataset based upon the Swedish EPCs for single-family houses. Assuming that the quality of the certificates plays an important role for their impact, we examine to what extent various characteristics of the firms and experts issuing the certificates are influencing their assessments of energy consumption and energy conservation. Exploiting the information on biased assessments, we also investigate the relationship between the transaction price of a house and its EPC label. Doing so, we distinguish the attributes that can be observed by visiting the house and those that a buyer only can inform herself about through the EPC. Applying regression analyses we find that firm and expert characteristics matter quite a lot implying that the EPC-quality could be improved considerably by increasing the inter-rater reliability. The results also show that the price impact of the energy label is related to information that the buyers can obtain by visiting the house rather than to information uniquely provided by the EPCs. Hence, the EPCs per se are unlikely to stimulate energy conservation through the price mechanism.

1 - 18 of 18
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