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  • 1.
    Carl, Lind
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Development and evaluation of RAMP I – apractitioner’s tool for screening of musculoskeletaldisorder risk factors in manual handling2019In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics (JOSE), Vol. 25, no 2, p. 165-180, article id 10.1080/10803548.2017.1364458Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    RAMP I is a screening tool developed to support practitioners in screening for work-related musculoskeletal disorder riskfactors related to manual handling. RAMP I, which is part of the RAMP tool, is based on research-based studies combinedwith expert group judgments. More than 80 practitioners participated in the development of RAMP I. The tool consistsof dichotomous assessment items grouped into seven categories. Acceptable reliability was found for a majority of theassessment items for 15 practitioners who were given 1 h of training. The usability evaluation points to RAMP I beingusable for screening for musculoskeletal disorder risk factors, i.e., usable for assessing risks, being usable as a decision base,having clear results and that the time needed for an assessment is acceptable. It is concluded that RAMP I is a usable toolfor practitioners.

  • 2.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Carl, Lind
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Nyman, Teresia
    Ergonomics Risk Assessment: Tool Use and ProcessesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Nyman, Teresia
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics. IMM Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Facilitators for the implementation of ergonomic interventions2015In: The 47th International the Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference: Creating Sustainable work-environments / [ed] Fostervild, K.I., Johnsen, S.Å., Rydstedt, L., Watten, R.G., 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ergonomic interventions have often been studied with focus on the client company in which the intervention has been implemented and not from the perspective of the Occupational Health Service (OHS) company providing the expertise knowledge. The aim of the study was to explore factors within OHS companies which facilitate ergonomic interventions. Semi-structured interviews with twelve ergonomists employed at eight different OHS-companies in Sweden, were performed. Five main facilitators were identified as important for ergonomic interventions; having close relationships with the client, clients’ awareness of the wide-ranging competence of the ergonomist, utilization of standardized methods, specialization/industry knowledge and internal knowledge sharing.

  • 4.
    Eliasson, Kristina
    et al.
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Uppsala Universitet.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Nyman, Teresia
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Akademiska Sjukhuset; Arbets- och miljömedicin, Uppsala Universitet.
    The use of specific observation-based risk-assessment tools among professional ergonomistsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Several observation-based risk-assessment tools have been developed in recent decades. However, studies reporting their use, the context in which they are used, and reasons for using them are scarce. The aims of the present study were to investigate the knowledge and use of observation-based risk-assessment tools and their usability and to explore the processes of assignments that include assessment of physical exposures. A web-based questionnaire (n=70) was combined with semi-structured interviews (n=12). The survey showed a limited use of several widely spread tools e.g. the NIOSH lifting equation, RULA and OWAS. The interviews revealed that the ergonomists mainly performed risk assessments based on their own expertise. Assignments were often initiated reactively, after identification of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, and seldom evaluated. The type of OHS organization and its relation to the client company seems to affect the opportunities for ergonomists to work proactively with risk assessment.

  • 5.
    Forsman, Mikael
    et al.
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Yang, Liyun
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Practical objective measurements for sedentary time and body postures using Excel and iOS2016In: Preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders in a global economy: Book of Abstracts, 2016, p. 61-61Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    An OHS practitioner tool for improving pushing and pulling operations2016In: Preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders in a global economy - Book of Abstracts, 2016, p. 138-138Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Assessment and design of industrial manual handling to reduce physical ergonomics hazards: – use and development of assessment tools2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite efforts of reducing harmful physical ergonomics exposures related to manual handling, the occurrence of heavy or repetitive manual handling, and non-neutral postures is high in many occupational sectors. To reduce these exposures, interventions and job design strategies can utilize risk assessment. A need was identified of an observation-based tool which supported occupational health and safety practitioners for assessments of risk factors related to manual handling.

    The aim of this thesis was to explore the use and important usability-related aspects of observation-based assessment tools among professional ergonomists, and to develop new research based assessment and screening tools, to present their scientific basis and to evaluate their reliability and usability. A web-based questionnaire was employed to gain knowledge on the use and usability aspects of risk assessment tools among ergonomists in Sweden. The assessment tools RAMP I and RAMP II were developed in an iterative process, including literature searches, expert group judgments, and with input from more than 80 practitioners. The reliability and usability evaluations included assessments and ratings by practitioners.

    The thesis points to a low use of several internationally spread assessment tools among Swedish ergonomists, and a relatively higher use of tools promoted by the Swedish Work Environment Authority. Several usability-related aspects were identified as important, such as being easy and quick to use, its ability to communicate and visualize the results, and its ability to facilitate improvement measures. The developed tools support assessment of a broad range of risk factors related to manual handling. The thesis supports that assessments with acceptable reliability can be achieved for the majority of items of the two developed tools. The thesis supports that the tools are usable in supporting risk assessments targeting risk factors related to industrial manual handling.

  • 8.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Pushing and pulling: an assessment tool for occupational health and safety practitioners2018In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 14-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A tool has been developed for supporting practitioners when assessing manual pushing and pulling operations based onan initiative by two global companies in the manufacturing industry. The aim of the tool is to support occupational healthand safety practitioners in risk assessment and risk management of pushing and pulling operations in the manufacturingand logistics industries. The tool is based on a nine-multiplier equation that includes a wide range of factors affecting anoperator’s health risk and capacity in pushing and pulling. These multipliers are based on psychophysical, physiological andbiomechanical studies in combination with judgments from an expert group consisting of senior researchers and ergonomists.In order to consider usability, more than 50 occupational health and safety practitioners (e.g., ergonomists, managers, safetyrepresentatives and production personnel) participated in the development of the tool. An evaluation by 22 ergonomistssupports that the push/pull tool is user friendly in general.

  • 9.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    A practitioner model for assessing manual lifting and lowering operations: included in the RAMP tool2015In: The 19th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recently developed model intended to be used by practitioners and ergonomists in themanufacturing and logistics industry for assessment of physical ergonomic risks related to manuallifting and lowering operations is presented. The model is constructed using the revised NIOSH liftingequation (RNLE) as a basis, but it has been modified to enhance its usability, regarding (1)simplifications of the existing factors in the RNLE, (2) adding new factors and (3) a more conservativejudgment of lifts performed at low and high vertical heights. In addition, a survey regarding theusability of the new lifting model including twenty-two ergonomists/physiotherapists is presented,

  • 10.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Accuracy of a posture measurement system for practitioners2015In: The 47th International the Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference.: Creating Sustainable work-environments / [ed] Fostervild, K.I., Johnsen, S.Å., Rydstedt, L., WAtten, R.G., 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an evaluation of a feasible inclinometer system, for measurement of static and dynamic body postures, which can be used by practitioners. The system, an inclinometer based on a triaxial USB-accelerometer and an analysis program (Excel Macro), was compared with measurements obtained with a gold standard, i.e. an optical 3D motion capture system. The angles obtained with the inclinometer, had a high correlation with the corresponding angles of the optical motion capture system, for static upper arm postures above 0.997 for both abduction and flexion. At fast arm movements, the absolute difference in angles between the two systems was low, 4.1°, 5.4° and 3.6° at the 10th, 50th and 90th percentile respectively. This study indicates that this feasible and inexpensive ($140) inclinometer system (USB-accelerometer and Excel Macro), can be used to obtain upper arm inclination data of quality comparable to that of many research studies where direct measurements have been used.

  • 11.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Development and evaluation of RAMP I: a practitioner tool for screening for musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in manual handlingManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    RAMP I is a screening tool developed to support practitioners in screening for work-related musculoskeletal disorder risk factors related to manual handling. RAMP I, which is part of the RAMP tool, is based on research based studies combined with expert group judgments. More than 80 practitioners participated in the development of RAMP I. The tool constitutes of dichotomous assessment items grouped in seven categories. Acceptable reliability was found for a majority of the assessment items for 15 practitioners who were given 1h training. The usability evaluation points to RAMP I being usable for screening for musculoskeletal disorder risk factors, i.e., usable for assessing risks, usable as a decision base, has clear results, and the time needed for an assessment is acceptable. It is concluded that RAMP I is a valuable tool for practitioners.

  • 12.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Development and evaluation of RAMP I: a practitioner’s tool for screening of musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in manual handling2017In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    RAMP I is a screening tool developed to support practitioners in screening for work-related musculoskeletal disorder risk factors related to manual handling. RAMP I, which is part of the RAMP tool, is based on research-based studies combined with expert group judgments. More than 80 practitioners participated in the development of RAMP I. The tool consists of dichotomous assessment items grouped into seven categories. Acceptable reliability was found for a majority of the assessment items for 15 practitioners who were given 1 h of training. The usability evaluation points to RAMP I being usable for screening for musculoskeletal disorder risk factors, i.e., usable for assessing risks, being usable as a decision base, having clear results and that the time needed for an assessment is acceptable. It is concluded that RAMP I is a usable tool for practitioners.

  • 13.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Development and evaluation of RAMP II: a practitioner’s tool for assessing musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in industrial manual handlingManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Lind, Carl Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics. Karolinska Institutet.
    Mahdavian, Nafise
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.(User Centred Product Design) .
    Högberg, Dan
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre.(User Centred Product Design) .
    Hanson, Lars
    University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science. University of Skövde, The Virtual Systems Research Centre. Scania CV, Södertälje, Sweden.(User Centred Product Design).
    Diaz Olivares, Jose Antonio
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Yang, Liyun
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics. Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Prevention of Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Using Smart Workwear – The Smart Workwear Consortium2019In: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing: International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design: Future Trends and Applications: Human Systems Engineering and Design / [ed] Ahram T., Karwowski W., Taiar R, Switzerland: Springer, 2019, p. 477-483Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adverse work-related physical exposures such as repetitive movements and awkward postures have negative health effects and lead to large financial costs. To address these problems, a multi-disciplinary consortium was formed with the aim of developing an ambulatory system for recording and analyzing risks for musculoskeletal disorders utilizing textile integrated sensors as part of the regular workwear. This paper presents the consortium, the Smart Workwear System, and a case study illustrating its potential to decrease adverse biomechanical exposure by promoting improved work technique.

  • 15.
    Lind, Carl Mikael
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics. Karolinska Institutet.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Yang, Liyun
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, SWEDEN.
    Prevention of work-related ill-health2018In: 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents strategies targeting prevention of work-related ill-health, and how the use of smart workwear (wearables) can facilitate these strategies

  • 16.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Facilitating improvement measures in manual handling using the RAMP-tool2016In: Preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders in a global economy - Book of Abstracts, 2016, p. 137-137Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Shifting to proactive risk management: Risk communication using the RAMP tool2016In: Agronomy Research, ISSN 1406-894X, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 513-524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ergonomic risk factors are major contributors to work-related musculoskeletaldisorders and quality deficiencies in the manufacturing industry. Due to lack of tools or systemsthat can support a systematic risk management of these production and health related factors, anew risk management tool (RAMP) was developed. In this paper, the risk communication system(the Results module) of this tool is presented along with a description of its development. Anexample of how it can be used, based on assessments performed in industry, is given. Anevaluation of its usability, which included twenty practitioners active in the industry, givessupport to the notion that the system is usable both for risk communication and as a decision base.

  • 18.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics (Closed 20130701).
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics (Closed 20130701).
    Franzon, Helena
    Arla Foods.
    RAMP - Development of a risk assessment tool2012In: NES2012 Ergonomics for sustainability and growth / [ed] Antonsson A-B, Vogel K & Hägg GM, Stockholm, 2012, p. 14s-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Manual Materials Handling (MMH) and working in awkward postures are still important causes of MSDs. Proper ergonomic conditions can contribute to reduce absence from work, and are important prerequisites to ensure high quality and productivity. Risk assessment can be used to improve the working conditions by identifying important risk factors and support communication between key stakeholders in order to improve the working conditions.

    This paper presents an ongoing project called RAMP (Risk management Assessment tool for Manual handling Proactively), reported e.g. at NES 2011. The aim of the project is to develop a freely accessible load ergonomic risk assessment tool and to gain knowledge of contributing factors for implementation and usability of such a tool. The RAMP-tool is developed for assessing risk of MSDs, support communication of the main risk factors among stakeholders and support effective interventions. The project, mainly financed by AFA Insurance, is conducted in collaboration between KTH and companies in the manufacturing industry, mainly Arla Foods and Scania CV.

    Methods

    This far an overview of risk assessment tools which can be used to assess MMH activities and potentially be used by companies or OSH personnel has been performed including e.g. KIM, QEC, ART Tool, SES and Washington State Checklist. Interviews with companies in the manufacturing industry have been performed to gain insight of the companies’ use of risk assessment tools and their perception of their usability.

    Results

    The tool consists of two levels, RAMP I and RAMP II. The first level is intended for quick screening of work stations of occurrence (or not) of risk factors. If the screening indicates an occurrence of a risk factor, a more thorough analysis with the second level could be performed. RAMP II can be used for a more detailed analysis of the exposure to risk factors and point out the direction of possible improvements in order to reduce the exposure.

    A first prototype of the RAMP I has been evaluated by users, including managers, health and safety representatives, OSH personnel and workers.The tool will be further evaluated and refined after feedback from users. A preliminary version of the RAMP I will be presented at the conference and also preliminary results from the user tests.

  • 19.
    Lind, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Rose, Linda
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Franzon, Helena
    W Global Employee Cooperation, GEC H&S manager, Arla Foods, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nord-Nilsson, Lena
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics. Safety, Health and Environment Global Support, Scania CV AB Södertälje, Sweden.
    RAMP: Risk Management Assessment Tool for Manual Handling Proactively2014In: HUMAN FACTORS IN ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT – XINORDIC ERGONOMICS SOCIETY ANNUAL CONFERENCE – 46 / [ed] O. Broberg, N. Fallentin, P. Hasle, P.L. Jensen, A. Kabel, M.E. Larsen, T. Weller, 2014, p. 107-110Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an IT-based risk management tool called RAMP, risk assessment management tool for manual handling proactively. The tool consists of a checklist (RAMP I) and an assessment tool (RAMP II) which can be used to assess physicalrisk factors associated with manual handling activities in the production industry. The tool provides guidance for action plans and evaluations to promote improvement of occupational health and safety work at company level. Examples of the tool, its development and evaluation are presented.

  • 20. Mahdavian, N.
    et al.
    Lind, Carl Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics. Karolinska Institutet.
    Diaz Olivares, Jose Antonio
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Pascual, Aitor
    Högberg, D.
    Brolin, E.
    Yang, Liyun
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Forsman, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Hanson, L.
    Effect of giving feedback on postural working techniques2018In: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, IOS Press, 2018, Vol. 8, p. 247-252Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Working postures and movements affect work efficiency and musculoskeletal health. To reduce the biomechanical exposure in physically demanding settings, working techniques may be improved by giving instant ergonomic feedback to the operator. This study investigates if feedback can be used to decrease adverse postures and movements in assembly work. A prototype solution of a smart textile workwear was used on a trainee assembly line. Posture and movement signals of 24 trainee operators were sampled via the workwear, transferred to a tablet for analyses and used to provide feedback suggesting improvements of work technique. Two modes of feedback were tested. Every participant’s work technique was measured before and after receiving the feedback and the results were compared. For upper arm elevation angle ≥60°, behaviour change is indicated, supporting a positive work technique change, and indicated a future usefulness of technical automatic feedback for operators.

  • 21.
    Rose, Linda
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Introducing RAMP: A Risk Assessment and Management tool for manual handling Proactively2015In: The 19th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Rose, Linda
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Franzon, Helena
    Arla Foods.
    Nord Nilsson, Lena
    Scania.
    Clausén, Anne
    Scania.
    Development, Implementation and dissemination of RAMP: Risk management assessment tool for manual handling proactively2011In: 43rd Annual Nordic Ergonomics Society Conference, 2011, p. 255-260Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an on-going project with the main objective to develop, implement, and disseminate a freely accessible computer-based assessment tool for physical ergonomics, the Risk Management Assessment Tool for Manual Handling Proactively, RAMP. The project is conducted in seven steps, in close co-operation between researchers and key company stakeholders, using an interactive research methodology. Results include a specification of requirements that the RAMP should meet. Difficulties of developing models of this kind and possible benefits of using such a tool are discussed.

  • 23.
    Rose, Linda M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Lind, Carl
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    User Manual for the Risk Management Tool RAMP©   – Risk Assessment and Management tool for manual handling Proactively –2017Other (Other academic)
1 - 23 of 23
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