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  • 1.
    Gharanjik, Ahmad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing.
    Transmission Optimization for High Throughput Satellite Systems2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Demands on broadband data service are increasing dramatically each year. Following terrestrial trends, satellite communication systems have moved from the traditional TV broadcasting to provide interactive broadband services even to urban users. While cellular and land-line networks are mainly designed to deliver broadband services to metropolitan and large urban centers, satellite based solutions have the advantage of covering these demands over a wide geography including rural and remote users. However, to stay competitive with economical terrestrial solutions, it is necessary to reduce the cost per transmitted bit by increasing the capacity of the satellite systems. The objective of this thesis is to design and develop techniques capable of enhancing the capacity of next generation high throughput satellite systems. Specifically, the thesis focuses on three main topics: 1) Q/V band feeder link design, 2) robust precoding design for multibeam satellite systems, and 3) developing techniques for tackling related optimization problems. Design of high bandwidth and reliable feeder links is central towards provisioning new services on the user link of a multibeam SatCom system. Towards this, utilization of the Q/V band and an exploitation of multiple gateway as a transmit diversity measure for overcoming severe propagation effects are being considered. In this context, the thesis deals with the design of a feeder link comprising $N+P$ gateways (N active and P redundant gateways). Towards satisfying the desired availability, a novel switching scheme is analysed and practical aspects such as prediction based switching and switching rate are discussed. Building on this result, an analysis for the N+P scenario leading to a quantification of the end-to-end performance is provided. On the other hand, frequency reuse in multibeam satellite systems along with precoding techniques can increase the capacity at the user link. Similar to terrestrial communication channels, satellite based communication channels are time-varying and for typical precoding applications, the transmitter needs to know the channel state information (CSI) of the downlink channel. Due to fluctuations of the phase components, the channel is time-varying resulting in outdated CSI at the transmitter because of the long round trip delay. This thesis studies a robust precoder design framework considering requirements on availability and average signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR). Probabilistic and expectation based approaches are used to formulate the design criteria which are solved using convex optimization tools. The performance of the resulting precoder is evaluated through extensive simulations. Although a satellite channel is considered, the presented analysis is valid for any vector channel with phase uncertainty.

    In general, the precoder design problem can be cast as power minimization problem or max-min fairness problem depending on the objectives and requirements of design. The power minimization problem can typically be formulated as a non-convex quadratically constrained quadratic programming (QCQP) problem and the max-min fairness problem as a fractional quadratic program. These problems are known to be NP-hard in general. In this thesis, the original design problem is transformed to an unconstrained optimization problem using the specialized penalty terms. The efficient iterative optimization frameworks are proposed based on a separate optimization of the penalized objective function over its partition of variables at each iteration. Various aspects of the proposed approach including performance of the algorithm and its implementation complexity are studied.

  • 2.
    Gharanjik, Ahmad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing. University of Luxembourg.
    Bhavani Shankar, M. R.
    Arapoglou, P. D.
    Bengtsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing.
    Ottersten, Björn
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing.
    Robust precoding design for multibeam downlink satellite channel with phase uncertainty2015In: ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 3083-3087Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n this work, we study the design of a precoder on the user downlink of a multibeam satellite channel. The variations in channel due to phase noise introduced by on-board oscillators and the long round trip delay result in outdated channel information at the transmitter. The phase uncertainty is modelled and a robust design framework is formulated based on availability and power constraints. The optimization problem is cast into the convex paradigm after approximations and the benefits of the resulting precoder are highlighted.

  • 3.
    Gharanjik, Ahmad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing. Univ Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Bhavani Shankar, M. R.
    Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel
    Bengtsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing.
    Ottersten, Björn
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing. Univ Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Precoding design and user selection for multibeam satellite channels2015In: IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 420-424Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Precoding for the downlink of a multibeam satellite system has been recently shown, under ideal conditions, to be promising technique towards employing aggressive frequency reuse gainfully. However, time varying phase uncertainties imposed by the components and the channel, combined with delayed feedback perturbs the channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT). In this paper, we consider a power constrained robust formulation of the downlink precoding problem to counter the phase uncertainties. In particular it considers imposing conditions on the average signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR), to deal with imperfect CSIT. In addition to the robust formulation, the primacy of user selection is highlighted and a new approach exploiting the satellite system design is proposed. Performance of the derived robust precoder in conjunction with the proposed location based user selection is then evaluated and the gains are tabulated.

  • 4.
    Gharanjik, Ahmad
    et al.
    Interdisciplinary Cen tre for Security, Reliability and Tru st (SnT), University of Luxembourg.
    Rao, Bhavani Shankar Mysore Rama
    Interdisciplinary Cen tre for Security, Reliability and Tru st (SnT), University of Luxembourg.
    Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel
    Ottersten, Björn
    Interdisciplinary Cen tre for Security, Reliability and Tru st (SnT), University of Luxembourg.
    Large scale transmit diversity in Q/V band feeder link with multiple gateways2013In: 2013 IEEE 24th International Symposium on Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2013, p. 766-770Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploiting transmit diversity amid a high number of multiple gateways (GW) is a new research challenge in Q/V band satellite communication providing data rates of hundreds of Gbit/s. In this paper, we propose a practical switching strategy in a scenario with N+P GWs (N active and P redundant GWs) towards achieving GW transmit diversity. Differently from other works, the treatment in this paper is analytical and explores two key factors: outage performance and switching rate in detail. Further, the interplay between the number of redundant and active GWs on the availability is illustrated highlighting the contribution of the work towards system sizing.

  • 5.
    Gharanjik, Ahmad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing. University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Shankar, B.
    Soltanalian, M.
    Ottersten, Björn
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing. University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    An iterative approach to nonconvex QCQP with applications in signal processing2016In: Proceedings of the IEEE Sensor Array and Multichannel Signal Processing Workshop, IEEE, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a new iterative approach to solve or to approximate the solutions of the nonconvex quadratically constrained quadratic programs (QCQP). First, this constrained problem is transformed to an unconstrained problem using a specialized penalty-based method. A tight upper-bound for the alternative unconstrained objective is introduced. Then an efficient minimization approach to the alternative unconstrained objective is proposed and further studied. The proposed approach involves power iterations and minimization of a convex scalar function in each iteration, which are computationally fast. The important design problem of multigroup multicast beamforming is formulated as a nonconvex QCQP and solved using the proposed method.

  • 6.
    Gharanjik, Ahmad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing.
    Shankar, Bhavani M. R.
    Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel
    Ottersten, Björn
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Signal Processing.
    Multiple Gateway Transmit Diversity in Q/V Band Feeder Links2015In: IEEE Transactions on Communications, ISSN 0090-6778, E-ISSN 1558-0857, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 916-926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design of high bandwidth and reliable feeder links are central toward provisioning new services on the user link of a multibeam satellite communication system. Toward this, utilization of the Q/V band and an exploitation of multiple gateways (GWs) as a transmit diversity measure for overcoming severe propagation effects are being considered. In this context, this contribution deals with the design of a feeder link comprising N + P GWs (N active and P redundant GWs). Toward provisioning the desired availability, a novel switching scheme is analyzed and practical aspects such as prediction-based switching and switching rate are discussed. Unlike most relevant works, a dynamic rain attenuation model is used to analytically derive average outage probability in the fundamental 1 + 1 GW case. Building on this result, an analysis for the N + P scenario leading to a quantification of the end-to-end performance is provided. This analysis aids system sizing by illustrating the interplay between the number of active and redundant GWs on the chosen metrics: average outage and average switching rate.

1 - 6 of 6
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