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  • 1. Abdelmassih Waller, Peter
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds University, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Bodil
    The Extended Television: Using tangible computing to meet the needs of older persons at a nursing home2008In: Gerontechnology, ISSN 1569-1101, E-ISSN 1569-111X, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 36-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a person-centred model and a tangible computing approach to better adapt television media to meet two important needs of older people: social inclusion in their immediate surroundings and better support for one’s own reflections. Method The research project was carried out as a part of the construction, planning and implementation of a new nursing home. The implemented infrastructure enabled television watching at three levels: the regular (broadcast programmes), the internal and the personal. The internal level consisted of an in-house broadcast television channel and two media centres placed in common areas. The personal level had individualised functions. The entire concept is referred to as ‘extended television’. This paper describes the early implementation phase of the internal television channel and the personal television photo album. It also examines the consequences of a person-centred model and a tangible computing approach. Participation in the use of the ‘extended television’ together with older people, relatives and care workers, semistructured dialogues with these people, and observations of the television usage were conducted. Furthermore, the care workers were invited to comment on the prototypes very early in the process. Results Both the internal channel and the personal television photo album were used by older residents and iteratively adapted. However, too many factors and routines varied to get statistically sound results. On the other hand, the research shows that the person-centred study design utilised provided positive results in a setting with constantly changing conditions. Discussion This design encourages further investigations regarding how new conceptual television design can enrich the everyday lives of older people. The results also indicate the plausibility of television photo albums providing new opportunities for reminiscence compared to traditional ones, and that the internal channel resulted in possibilities for social inclusion in the nursing home examined.

  • 2.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lunds universitet.
    Ageing and Technology2004In: Science Studies, ISSN 0786-3012, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 3-4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lund university, Sweden.
    Har aeldre mennesker brug for design?2008Other (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lunds universitet.
    Profil des utilisateurs des technologies de l´information de la communication chez les personnes agées en Suede1999In: Retraite & Société, ISSN 1167-4687, no 27, p. 55-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artikeln diskuterar möjligheterna och begränsningarna i äldres tillgänglighet till i IT-samhället under senare delen av 1990-talet. Resultatet från en intervjuundersökning (n=186)visar att äldre IT-användare kan kategoriseras i beroende, akriva och avancerade användare och att detta formas av tillgången, förmågan, förväntningarna, självbilden och dagliga restriktioner (sociala kontexten.

  • 5.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Social Science Research on technology and the Elderly - does it exist?2004In: Science Studies, ISSN 0786-3012, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 44-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the fact that old people´s technological needs have been payed much attention to in the last decennium, especially old users of information- and communication technology, technology has not found its natural place in research on ageing in modern societies. Purpose: This article examines to what extent social science research exist in the field of ageing and technology and where we can find the interface between technological and social science expertise. Method: Scientific publications during the period 1983-2002 are analysed in terms of theoretical content, the role of the elderly as being regarded as objects or subjects, and if technology is called into question in any respect. Result: Scientific well-grounded knowledge exist besides less well-substantiated assumptions regarding the effects of technology and a premature body of thoughts on the relationship between technology and the elderly.

  • 6.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lunds universitet.
    Tanter och teknik: om äldre människors möten med informationsteknik1996In: Från symaskin till cyborg: Genus, teknik och social förändring / [ed] Elisabeth, Sundin; Boel, Berner, Nerenius & Santérus , 1996, p. 67-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lunds universitet.
    Tekniska möjligheter och sociala begränsningar: om äldre människors väg in i IT-samhället1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln visar statistik och diskuterar möjligheterna och begränsningarna i äldres tillgänglighet till i IT-samhället under senare delen av 1990-talet. Resultatet från en intervjuundersökning (n=186)visar att äldre IT-användare kan kategoriseras i beroende, akriva och avancerade användare och att detta formas av tillgången, förmågan, förväntningarna, självbilden och dagliga restriktioner (sociala kontexten. Statistiken framtagen för studiens räkning av SCB omfattar 1996 äldre personer och en enkätundersökning till anställda i kommuner och vid hjälpmedelscentraler omfattar 764 personer.

  • 8.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lunds universitet.
    Users on the Agenda: Strategies and Theories1999In: What difference does IT make? Eleven Views of the Information Society / [ed] Kajsa, Ellegård, KFB Stockholm , 1999, Vol. 1999:4, p. 120-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter highlights user perspectives related to the development of ICT and the launching of political strategies to involve users in the IT society. Strategies are discussed in relation to cooperation between technical and social scientists. The author points to the fact that the diffrences between various theoretical understandings of the interaction between technology and social change tend to be underestimated. Three catgeories of images of users are defined and illustrated by empirical examples from the development of perspectives in the sector for the care of elderly people. The development shows that attitudes to elderly users change over time. Conclusions are drawn concerning how these findings might ifnluence innovation processes.

  • 9.
    Britt, Östlund
    Lunds universitet.
    Vidgar IT gapet mellan generationer?1999In: IT i demokratins tjänst / [ed] Erik, Amnå, SOU , 1999, Vol. SOU 1999:117, p. 157-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Chang, Fangyuan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Perspectives of older adults and informal caregivers on information visualization for smart home monitoring systems: A critical review2019In: 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018, Springer, 2019, Vol. 822, p. 681-690Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although health monitoring systems in smart homes have been revealed as a significant tool to help people ageing in place, the density of data poses a challenge on the information visualization. This review aims to make contributions to find gaps in the field of information visualization regarding smart home monitoring for older people. Three kinds of information needs of older adults and their informal caregivers regarding smart home monitoring are categorized, including physical needs, emotional needs and cognitive needs. The research studies reflect that these needs are mainly used to discuss ideas of, design approaches for, the information visualization from ten aspects in the visceral level, behavioral level and reflective level. Results show that there is still a big gap existing in enabling older people and their informal caregivers to better understand smart home monitoring information. Some existing design recommendations can be improved while at the same time, some needs have not been manifested through information visualization. A wider understanding of older adults, informal caregivers and home living environment in all aspects are necessary.

  • 11. Coradeshi, Silvia
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    et al.,
    GiraffPlus: a system for monitoring activities and physiological parameters and promoting social interaction for elderly.2013In: Human Computer Systems Interactions. Backgrounds and Applications 3 / [ed] Hippe, Z.S., Kulikowski, J.L., Mroczek, T., Wtorek, J., Springer-Verlag Co. in the Series Advances in Soft Engineering , 2013, p. 261-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12. Essén, Anna
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Laggards as Innovators?: Old Users as Designers of New Services & Service Systems.2011In: International Journal of Design, ISSN 1994-036X, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 89-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Involving users in the design process is increasingly discussed as the quickest and most reliable way to capture the needs of users and consumers. In parallel, the fastest growing population segment in Asia and the West is older people. This article asks whether their involvement in the design process could accelerate a growing service market and if so, how? It addresses a knowledge gap that constrains service provision for a growing market of older people and which underestimates older people's potential contribution in the early phases of the development of new services. The current role of older users is limited to that of test persons later in the design process or as objects of randomized samples that explore consumers' reactions to existing products. The present case study provides an empirical example of how old users can be involved in the early stages of service design. In doing this, the article questions the concept of old users as laggards. It suggests great potential to include such users - been arounds - as sources of innovation in the earlier phases of the design process if they have the right tools and opportunities to act. In identifying unsatisfied needs and potential market solutions, the inclusion of old users in user-driven projects can contribute to the generation of business ideas.

  • 13. Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Eftring, Håkan
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Case report: Implications of Doing Research on Socially Assistive Robots in real Homes2017In: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current paper addresses the implications of doing research on socially assistive robots in real homes. In contrast to laboratory studies, studies of robots in their intended natural environments can provide insights into people’s experiences of robots, and if and how a robot becomes embedded and used in people’s everyday life. However, moving robots out of the lab and into real life environments poses several challenges. Laboratory methods mainly focus on cause-and-effect relations between independent and dependent variables, while researchers who are conducting studies in real homes have much less control. In home trials, researchers need to decide what kind of data is obtainable and available. In real homes, researchers face unique challenges that require unique and pragmatic approaches. Any single study conducted in a real home is likely to have methodological limitations. Therefore, several different studies using different robots and methods are needed before the results can be converged in order to reach conclusions that are convincingly supported. This paper is an effort to provide such a report on a specific empirical case and converging findings from other studies. The goal is to provide an account of the research challenges and opportunities encountered when introducing a robot into its intended practice: the homes of older people. The aim is to give enough details for other researchers to critically examine and systematically build on the insights and findings presented.

  • 14. Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Eftring, Håkan
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Older People´s Involvement in the Development of a Social Assistive Robot2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of social assistive robots is a promising approach to enable a growing number of elderly people to continue to live in their own homes as long as possible. Older people are often an excluded group in product development; however this age group is the fastest growing segment in most developed societies. We present a participatory design approach as a methodology to create a dialogue with older people in order to understand the values embodied in robots. We present the results of designing and deploying three participatory workshops and implementing a subsequent robot mock-up study. The results indicate that robot mock-ups can be used as a tool to broaden the knowledge-base of the users' personal goals and device needs in a variety of ways, including supporting age-related changes, supporting social interaction and regarding robot aesthetic. Concerns that robots may foster inactivity and laziness as well as loss of human contact were repeatedly raised and must be addressed in the development of assistive domestic robots.

  • 15.
    Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Eftring, Håkan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Using attention cards to facilitate active participation in eliciting old adults' requirements for assistive robots2013In: Proceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, 2013, p. 774-779Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engaging old users in the exploration of future product concepts can be challenging. It is of great value to find ways to actively involve them in the design of novel technologies intended for them, particularly when they have no prior experience of the technology in question. One obstacle in this process is that many old people do not identify themselves as being old or they think that it (the technology) would be good for others but not themselves. This paper presents a card method to overcome this obstacle. A full-day workshop with three internal focus groups was run with 14 participants. Based on our experience, we propose a way in which active participation in the process of eliciting user requirements for assistive robots from old users with no prior experience of assistive robots can be carried out.

  • 16.
    Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Eftring, Håkan
    Lund University.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    What Older People Expect of Robots: A Mixed Methods Approach2013In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2013, Springer, 2013, Vol. 8239, p. 19-29Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on how older people in Sweden imagine the potential role of robots in their lives. The data collection involved mixed methods, including focus groups, a workshop, a questionnaire and interviews. The findings obtained and lessons learnt from one method fed into another. In total, 88 older people were involved. The results indicate that the expectations and preconceptions about robots are multi-dimensional and ambivalent. Ambivalence can been seen in the tension between the benefits of having a robot looking after the older people, helping with or carrying out tasks they no longer are able to do, and the parallel attitudes, resilience and relational inequalities that accompany these benefits. The participants perceived that having a robot might be "good for others but not themselves", "good as a machine not a friend" while their relatives and informal caregivers perceived a robot as "not for my relative but for other older people".

  • 17.
    Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Elderly People's Perceptions of a Telehealthcare System: Relative Advantage, Compatibility, Complexity and Observability2013In: Journal of technology in human services, ISSN 1522-8835, E-ISSN 1522-8991, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 218-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of telehealthcare systems to promote independent living for elderly people is growing. The results presented in this article, derived from an initial user lab test of a telecare system—GiraffPlus—indicate that the crucial factor for adoption of telehealthcare systems is not usability but the system's ability to support autonomy in everyday life. Eleven users tested the usability and reported what they perceived as possible benefits of having such a system at home. To support autonomy, customization is crucial for the system to be perceived as meaningful for the individual. Our analysis confirms previous research.

  • 18.
    Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Review: Seven Matters of Concern of Social Robotics and Older People2014In: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 299-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article maps the range of currently held scientific positions on matters of concern involving social robots and older people. 345 publications from peer-reviewed journals and conferences were narrowed down to 31 key publications that were studied in detail and categorised into seven matters of concern: (1) role of robots in older people's lives, (2) factors affecting older people's acceptance of robots, (3) lack of mutual inspiration in the development of robots for older people, (4) robot aesthetics, (5) ethical implications of using robots in caring for older people, (6) robotic research methodology, and (7) technical determinism versus social construction of social robots. The findings indicate that older people are implicated but not present in the development of robots and that their matters of concern are not identified in the design process. Instead, they are ascribed general needs of social robots due to societal changes such as ageing demographics and demands from the healthcare industry. The conceptualisation of older people seems to be plagued with stereotypical views such as that they are lonely, frail and in need of robotic assistance. Our conclusions are that the perceptions of older people need to be re-examined and perhaps redefined in order to fairly represent who they are, and that more research on older people as social robotic users is needed.

  • 19.
    Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    What happens when seniors participate in new eHealth schemes?2016In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 11, no 7, p. 572-580Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adds empirical depth to our understanding of seniors’ involvement in the making of eHealth systems. Multi-sited interviews and observations were conducted at seniors’ homes before an eHealth system was installed, during the home trials and post-removal of the system. Our findings indicate that although the senior participants chose to participate in the home trials, the choice itself was configured by the stigmatization of seniors as technophobes, fear of “falling behind” and the association of technology with youth, the future and being up-to-date. Being a participant in home trials of an eHealth system became an identity of its own, representing a forward thinking and contemporary person who embraced changes and new technology.

  • 20.
    Frennert, Susanne
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Eftring, Håkan
    Lund University.
    Would Granny Let an Assistive Robot into Her Home?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assistive robots have received considerable research attention due to the increase of the senior population around the world and the shortage of caregivers. However, limited attention has been paid to involving seniors in the design process in order to elicit their attitudes and perception of having their own robot. This study addresses this issue. We conducted a workshop with 14 Swedish seniors age 65 to 86. The findings indicate that: (1) the functionality of the robot is far more important than the appearance; (2) the usefulness will determine the acceptance of a robot; (3) seniors feel it is important to keep up to date with new technological developments; (4) assistive robots were not perceived as intrusive and having a robotic presence in the seniors' bathrooms and bedrooms was considered acceptable. These findings suggest that seniors are prepared to give assistive robots a try if the robot is perceived as useful.

  • 21. Jonsson, Oskar
    et al.
    Sperling, Lena
    Östlund, Britt
    Dalholm Hornyánszky, Elisabeth
    User Requirements of Furniture Influenced by a Move to a Senior Housing2012In: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 49-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    User-centred design approaches within the field of furniture design for old people involves an act of embracing and balancing various end-user needs and assessing their relative importance for the product experience. It is often assumed that older people’s physiological needs dominate their other needs. In the present study, three focus group interviews were carried out with the exploratory purpose of gaining an understanding of how people feel and think about changes when moving to and living in an apartment in senior housing, outside the housing market, and what impact this has on their opinions of furniture and other interior products. Twelve people aged 59–93 took part. The outcomes of the focus group interviews point to demands on products that support the physical, psychological and social changes that relocation and aging may bring, and correspond to an independent and self-determinant identity. User requirements related to usability and affective product experience for the design of totally new or improved products are proposed. The paper discusses the complexity in the research assignment to communicate and bring end-user knowledge and experiences to life, and suggests that designers will benefit from carrying out or being involved in user-centred research.

  • 22. Jonsson, Oskar
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Warell, Anders
    Dalholm Hornyánszky, Elisabeth
    What about furniture in Swedish Nursing Homes?: A Design Perspective on Perceived Meanings within the Physical Environment2014In: Journal of Interior Design, ISSN 1071-7641, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 17-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are good reasons to believe that furniture designers can play an important role in the design of appropriate caring environments and thus contribute to the care that is provided. Designers are usually engaged by manufacturers that develop furniture for public procurement and a market for elderly consumers but without being able to learn from those who spend their everyday lives in these environments. This paper is based on industrial design and presents a study that explores the relationships between people and furniture in nursing homes. Thematic interviews were carried out with residents and personnel, in total twenty-one participants. A go-along method was utilized in parts of the interviews with the residents. The empirical study was carried out in three nursing homes in Stockholm. The results prove that elderly people strive for a sense of home in their private rooms in contrast to shared rooms and that the perspectives on furniture differ between the elderly people and the personnel. The conclusion is that understanding the role of furniture at nursing homes can help to reinforce the identity of elderly residents and their needs of continuity and social and existential safety. The recommendations are to involve the experiences of elderly people in the design processes and to make more informed furniture investment decisions for nursing homes.

  • 23. Jönsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Äldre och design2007In: Tidningen Äldreomsorg, ISSN 1403-7025, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hur vi ser på teknik hänger ihop med hur vi ser på människan. Forskningen inom området Äldre och design i Lund har en uttalad avsikt: att människor med funktionsnedsättningar ska få bättre förutsättningar. Arbetet börjar och slutar i människan. Seniorer på egna villkor, Bodil Jönsson Design för funktion, Bodil Jönsson Titta på tv – ett sätt att kommunicera, Britt Östlund Design för den mänskliga sektorn, Bodil Jönsson Med blick för tekniken, Britt Östlund Vad ska tekniken använda's till?, Britt Östlund Vittring, Bodil Jönsson och Britt Östlund

  • 24.
    Karlsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Östlund, BrittLund University.
    Users in Action. Stories of Users and Telematics in Everyday Life1999Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en antologi som består av exempel på empiriska studier där äldre människors varit involverade som subjekt. Resultatet visar att äldres teknikanvändning i vardagen problematiseras på tre nivåer. den första nivån fokuserar konstruktionen och utformningen av artefakten; den andra nivån användningen av tekniken i den vardagliga kontexten; den tredje nivån relationen mellan teknikutvecklingen och användaren som samhällsvarelse.

  • 25. Körtner, Tobias
    et al.
    Batko-Klein, Daliah
    Smith, Alexandra
    Lammer, Lara
    Huber, Andreas
    Östlund, Britt
    Eftring, Håkan
    Frennert, Susanne
    Antona, Margherita
    Rauhala, Marjo
    D1.1 User Needs Assessment Methodology2012Report (Other academic)
  • 26. Lindén, Kjell
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Slutrapport ippi - Forska och väx, VINNOVA. Hållbara och kvalitetssäkra kommunikationstjänster i äldreomsorgen2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med detta Forska och Väx-projekt har varit att öka konkurrenskraften för InView AB genom att tillsammans med forskare bedriva användarcentrerad utveckling av tjänster på ippi-systemet i fyra olika kommuner med lokala behov. Projektet har genomförts med mål att ta fram ett tjänsteutbud som svarar upp till kommunens behov av en ny plattform för hållbar och kvalitetssäkrad kommunikation i äldreomsorgen. I detta arbete har användarcentrerade utvecklingsmetoder varit centralt, där presumtiva kunder och slutanvändare är delaktiga i processen. Däri består kvalitetssäkringen, att användaren av tjänsten görs delaktig och att de arbetssätt som utvecklats är dynamiska så att lärdomar byggs in i systemet som görs hållbart med öppna standarder. Projektet har genomförts med InView som projektägare i samverkan med representanter från Swedish Institute of Computer Science (SICS), FoU Seniorium, FoU Jämt och fyra referenskommuner. Projektarbetet har bedrivits i åtta delprojekt; Metodprojektet, användarcentrerade utvecklingsmetoder och socio-tekniska införandemetoder, Informationsstrukturprojektet, utveckling av en användbar och skalbar informationsstruktur, Affärsmodellsprojektet, med kommunen som kund till ippi-tjänsten, Södertäljeprojektet, hemtjänstverksamhet, Jämtlandsprojektet, service i glesbygd, Täbyprojektet, en träffpunkt för seniora invånare, Vallentunaprojektet, ett vård- och omsorgsboende, och slutligen Teknikprojektet, bestående av utveckling och test av ippi-systemet. Genom ett verksamhetsnära samarbete i fyra kommuner med skilda behov och brukargrupper har InView och forskarorganisationen i projektet lyft ippi-plattformens funktionalitet och erhållit värdefulla erfarenheter kring införande av ippi som teknikstöd. Under projektet har ippi vidareutvecklats med sociala kommunikationstjänster, vård- och omsorgsriktade tjänster och tjänster med fokus på friskvård och hälsa, samt informationstjänster om lokalt aktivitetsutbud. De användarcentrerade utvecklingsmetoderna och socio-tekniska införandemetoder har varit centrala i projektet och i stort bidragit till projektets lyckade utgång. Affärsmodellen för ippi-tjänsten med kommunen som kund har utvecklats med argument baserade i Socialtjänstlagstiftningen och bekräftats genom att tre av fyra medverkande kommuner har beslutat att fortsätta i någon form. Dessa kommuner har även agerat referenskommuner och InView har sedan hösten 2009 utökat sitt kundsamarbete till att våren 2011 arbeta med 22 kommuner.

  • 27. Mattsson, Janet
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    Björling, Gunilla
    Williamsson, Anna
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Interprofessional Learning for Enhanced Patient Safety: Biomedical Engineering Students and Nursing Students in Joint Learning Activities.2019In: Journal of Research in Interprofessional Practice and Education, ISSN 1916-7342, E-ISSN 1916-7342, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the last decade, research has highlighted the importance of interprofessional approaches to education and practice. Collaboration between medical practice and engineering has been identified as particularly relevant to developing accountable models for sustainable healthcare and overcoming increased specialization leading to professional barriers. This study aims to analyze insights and understanding expressed by nursing students and biomedical engineering students following a joint learning activity regarding a medical device used in the hospital setting.

    Method: A qualitative approach deriving from a phenomenological view examined an interprofessional learning activity where the focus was on active integration and knowledge exchange.

    Conclusion: The activity was expressed as a positive opportunity for getting insights into perspectives from other professional groups as well as insights into the importance of a system perspective in patient safety. The learning and insights listed in the evaluations included ideas about how the two professional groups could collaborate in the future.

  • 28. Olander, Elin
    et al.
    Sperling, Lena
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds University, Sweden.
    Warell, Anders
    ‘Product Appearance, Emotions and Identity: Personal Relations with Significant Products Described by Young Adults with Disabilities’2011In: Technology and Disability, ISSN 1055-4181, E-ISSN 1878-643XArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today we use products to shape our identity, by communicating to others who we are and what we want to be. Using products for communication of identity seems especially important for young adults. Persons with disabilities live with double identities. Sometimes it is important to be a person with a disability (e.g., someone in contact with health care and other welfare systems in society), while at other times, it is important to be considered like everybody else (e.g., job contacts, friends, etc). Assistive devices are rarely viewed as symbols of social status. Instead, they emphasise differences and often increase the user’s feelings of apartness. Young adults with disabilities were interviewed about their emotional relations with personally significant products: a conflict between the identity of the product and that of the user was demonstrated. This was particularly apparent in situations where the user needed to use a product which she or he did not like, in this case assistive devices. In the comments about products which elicit negative emotions, three strategies for handling the feeling of dislike were described: 1) putting up with and accepting the situation, 2) abandoning the product, and 3) changing the product or creating something new. All strategies that the interviewed persons used to manage their negativism may be prevented by and are affected by product design. One main task of an industrial designer is to create products based on the desired product identity. Changing the way the product looks, can decrease the emotional conflict between the user's desired identity and the identity of the product; in the long run, assistive devices can be created which are experienced as positive symbols rather than stigmas.

  • 29. Olander, Elin
    et al.
    Warell, Anders
    Östlund, Britt
    Self-image, meaningfulness, and stigmatisation: Towards objects that reflect the user's desired self-expression2011In: International Journal of Design, ISSN 1991-3761, E-ISSN 1994-036XArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 30. Olander, Elin
    et al.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds University, Sweden.
    Sperling, Lena
    Warell, Anders
    How can meaningfulness be created in the design process?: The case of young disabled users2011In: Design journal, ISSN 1460-6925, E-ISSN 1756-3062Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well-known that the participation in a design process can be experienced as being so meaningful that the participation in itself overshadows even the result of that process. The participants in this design project represent a user group that often use products in which functional value is pre-eminent: people with disabilities. Thereby special attention has been given to the concepts of stigmatisation and meaningfulness. Three wheelchair users, aged between eighteen and twenty-five, have participated in a case study in the form of a design project. The aim of this project was developing a product that makes it easier for them to carry objects while simultaneously moving around. The participants met on five occasions in order to work with both visual and verbal stimuli. The result shows that the designer can enhance users’ products experience in relation to meaningfulness giving the participants opportunities to reflect over the value ascribed to products.

  • 31. Päivi, Topo
    et al.
    Britt, ÖstlundLund University, Sweden.
    Dementia, Design and Technology: Time to get involved.2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest for the design of life environments for persons with dementia is growing stronger among architects, engineers, social scientists and those responsible for housing and health care planning. This development is connected to the enlarged group of people that become afflicted by this disease and to the fact that a safe environment is proved to be very important for their well-being as well as for their relatives and carers. Dementia is a progressive syndrome and the risk increases by age. Since there is no cure for this disease what we can do is to improve their life situation. It is often called the disease of the relatives because it deeply effects relations and daily life. It is also a disease that the individual has to live with. Most often the meaning of daily routines and the use of common technical applications and services changes dramatically. Efforts are made to design housing for persons with dementia and systems to support their carers. Technologies and a variety of aids is expected to help in developing efficiency of these services, supporting family carers and providing solutions for independent living and improved quality of life of persons with dementia. So far, persons with dementia have not been involved in most of the design processes. Their voice has been used by their informal or formal carers or dementia experts. As a consequence most solutions available are focusing mainly on safety and needs of the carers while other needs and possibilities are mainly neglected. Published result confirms that the lack of user involvement did not facilitate the use of common applications, nor assistive technologies. The aim of this book is to increase the understanding of subjective needs of people with dementia and the way this understanding can promote and improve their involvement in design processes. We will present examples of design and design interventions where people with dementia are involved and what is required from technology when the user has an illness causing dementia. Because of the fact that approaches to involve people with dementia in design as active users of technology are still quite novel, we will also discuss ethical issues and challenging experiences gathered in our studies. The authors represent on-going design and research in Scandinavia and United Kingdom.

  • 32. Subasi, Özge
    et al.
    Malmborg, Lone
    Fitzpatrick, Geraldine
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Reframing Design Culture and Aging2014In: Interactions, ISSN 1072-5520, no March + April 2014, p. 70-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Ageing Populations and technology: Challenges and Opportunities1998Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Comments as an expert and member of COST A5: Ageing and Technology Network, on a working paper for the European Commission

  • 34.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Being in for different reasons. Implementing robots into daily life of elderly people in multi-diciplinary collaboration2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Deconstructing the Path Towards “Homo Digitalis”2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Den motsägelsefulla visionen: Vem avgör vilken teknik de äldre behöver?2006In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 2, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en diskrepans mellan vilka tekniska hjälpmedel och innovationer äldre människor verkligen vill ha, och vad omgivningen tror att de behöver. Nutidens befolkningspyramid antar en alltmer fyrkantig form och många av oss kan vid pensioneringen se fram emot ytterligare en tredjedel av vuxenlivet. Därför har den tekniska utvecklingen och äldres teknikanvändning kommit att bli ett aktuellt forskningsområde.En viktig uppgift för forskningen är att bidra till mer adekvata bilder av hur det moderna äldrelivet ser ut. Dessutom att ge underlag till en teknikutveckling som är anpassad efter det ökande antalet äldre och det allt större beroendet av teknisk kommunikation.

  • 37.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Design paradigmes and misunderstood technology: The case of older users2005In: Young technologies in old hands - An international view on senior citizen's utilization of ICT / [ed] Jæger, Birgit, DJØF Publishing Copenhagen , 2005, p. 25-39Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stereotypes about older adults and the incomplete picture that emerges when such persons are described in terms of properties and a characteristic derived from ageing is one motivation for defining the status of older users. The other key motivation is that the elderly are just one user-group among others so that the perspective on how technology is used may or may not tell us something about the elderly as users e.g. the elderly may find it more difficult to use a product in contrast to younger persons or young and old alike may find a product difficult to use. This article is a contribution to a better understanding of old peoples' needs and preferences in information and communication technology (ICT) and to how such needs and preferences should be defined. The aim is to describe established hypotheses and definitions of old people as a target group for the innovation and design of information- and communication technology (ICT) and analyse whether we should understand and define them with reference to their status as users, their age, or other common characteristics.

  • 38.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering.
    Digitizing Health Care Welfare technology as a way to meet digital and demographic challenges in Sweden2017In: 2017 4th International Conference on Systems And Informatics (ICSAI), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 78-83Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitizing health care takes place in parallel with demographic changes posing one of the greatest social changes of our time. Although modern elderly care has evolved closely related to technological development and evaluated by established methods, digitization places new demands on approaches as a result of its systemic characteristics and its potential to bridge different environments and social contexts and the involvement of elderly users. This paper is paying attention to three challenges: digitizing already existing technological environments; implementing technology in new arenas outside hospitals and laboratories; and the imbalance between perceptions of elderly users and their actual needs and demands. The conclusions point out that digitization provides opportunities to deepen or reflections on technology and implementation, develop multidisciplinary collaborations and enhance proactive engagements to make new technologies work.

  • 39.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Do computers have a future within the care of elderly people?1993In: Percieved Needs of the Elderly abouT Mobility / [ed] I. Oever; Jan Graafmans, Knegsel Netherlands: Akontes , 1993, Vol. 7Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary of remarks with reference to a Sewdish study about new technology in elderly people´s housing

  • 40.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Elderly in Action in Front of the Television1998In: Methodologies for Media and Information technology Research in Everyday Life / [ed] Roger Silverstone & Maren Hartmann, European Commission, The European Media Technology and Everyday Life Network (EMTEL) , 1998, no 5Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    Experiences with Safety-Alarmes for the Elderly in Sweden1994In: Safety Alarm Systems, Technical Aids and Smart Homes / [ed] Ivan, Oever; Jan, Graafmans, Akontes , 1994, Vol. 7Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter describe the early implementation of safety alarms in Sweden and the result of a study at a service centre i Linkoping.

  • 42.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management.
    Final Evaluation Report with included Cross Cultural Analysis Report D6.3 for the EC Project GiraffPlus. Combining social interaction and long term monitoring for promoting independent living.2015Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Forskning för en användarinriktad IT-utveckling - ett program med teman att utveckla under perioden 2000-20042000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Östlund, Britt
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Gammal är äldst. En studie av teknikens betydelse i äldre människors liv1995Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen består av en etnografisk studie där äldre människors användning av teknik relateras till deras vardagliga kontext och till deras livslånga vana av tekniskanvändning och teknisk förändring. Två i vardagen välintegrerade teknologier - telefonen och televisionen - och två teknologier de fått i hög ålder - trygghetslarmet och handla hemma terminal - fokuseras. Resultatet visar att äldre människor använder teknik i hög utsträckning, att den är inordnad i dagliga rutiner,att de bedömer nyttan av ny teknik i förhållande till tidigare erfarenheter och att de blir mer pragmatiska jämfört med tidigare i livet. En slutsats är att teknikens nytta kan bedömas enbart i förhållande till sitt sammanhang och i sin egenskap av social artefakt. En annan slutsats är att äldre människors syn på teknik och vilken nytta de tillskriver den skiljer sig från den man finner hos dem som tillhandahåller och utvecklar teknik för deras räkning. Exempel i avhandlingen visar på missförstånd och fördomar.

  • 45.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management.
    Intermediate Evaulation Report D6.2 for the EC Project GiraffPlus. Combining social interaction and long term monitoring for promoting independent living.2014Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Jobba längre – vad vet vi om äldre i arbetslivet?2012Report (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Östlund, Britt
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management.
    Kan gamla människor bo i nya IT-hus?1993In: Datorstod för hyresgäster i Stockholm / [ed] Peter, Benson; Ulf, Keijer; Elisabeth, Lillman; Sture, Samuelsson; Britt, Östlund, Stockholm: KTH , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lund University.
    KAPITEL 10: Hur kan teknik skapa möjligheter för äldre människor?: Rehabiliteringsteknikens bidrag till en reflektiv praktik2012In: E-hälsa / [ed] Gunvor Gard, Anita Melander Wikman, Studentlitteratur Lund , 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet beskriver rehabiliteringsteknikens bidrag till hur vi kan tänka om äldre och teknik som främjar ett modernt äldreliv och ger exempel på hur äldres erfarenheter och behov kan vara utgångspunkten för utvecklingen av produkter och tjänster.

  • 49.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Kartläggning avseende utvecklingsprojektet IT-BO i Vällingby1999Report (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Östlund, Britt
    Lunds universitet.
    Kunskapsöversikt över svensk forskning om användning av informations och kommunikationsteknik2000Report (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 75
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