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  • 1.
    Dahmen, Tim
    et al.
    German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence GmbH (DFKI), 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.
    Kohr, Holger
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    de Jonge, Niels
    NM Leibniz Institute for New Materials, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.
    Slusallek, Philipp
    German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence GmbH (DFKI), 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.
    Matched Backprojection Operator for Combined Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Tilt- and Focal Series2015In: Microscopy and Microanalysis, ISSN 1431-9276, E-ISSN 1435-8115, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 725-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combined tilt- and focal series scanning transmission electron microscopy is a recently developed method to obtain nanoscale three-dimensional (3D) information of thin specimens. In this study, we formulate the forward projection in this acquisition scheme as a linear operator and prove that it is a generalization of the Ray transform for parallel illumination. We analytically derive the corresponding backprojection operator as the adjoint of the forward projection. We further demonstrate that the matched backprojection operator drastically improves the convergence rate of iterative 3D reconstruction compared to the case where a backprojection based on heuristic weighting is used. In addition, we show that the 3D reconstruction is of better quality.

  • 2. Groh, A.
    et al.
    Kohr, Holger
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).
    Louis, A. K.
    Numerical rate function determination in partial differential equations modeling cell population dynamics2016In: Journal of Mathematical Biology, ISSN 0303-6812, E-ISSN 1432-1416, p. 1-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a method to solve the inverse problem of determining an unknown rate function in a partial differential equation (PDE) based on discrete measurements of the modeled quantity. The focus is put on a size-structured population balance equation (PBE) predicting the evolution of the number distribution of a single cell population as a function of the size variable. Since the inverse problem at hand is ill-posed, an adequate regularization scheme is required to avoid amplification of measurement errors in the solution method. The technique developed in this work to determine a rate function in a PBE is based on the approximate inverse method, a pointwise regularization scheme, which employs two key ideas. Firstly, the mollification in the directions of time and size variables are separated. Secondly, instable numerical data derivatives are circumvented by shifting the differentiation to an analytically given function. To examine the performance of the introduced scheme, adapted test scenarios have been designed with different levels of data disturbance simulating the model and measurement errors in practice. The success of the method is substantiated by visualizing the results of these numerical experiments.

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