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  • 1. Chen, Song
    et al.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi.
    Li, Yuanyuan
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Wang, Xingzhu
    Ong, Beng
    Wong, Wai-Kwok
    Zhu, Xunjin
    Study of Arylamine-Substituted Porphyrins as Hole-Transporting Materials in High-Performance Perovskite Solar Cells2017Inngår i: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 9, nr 15, s. 13231-13239Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To develop new hole-transporting materials (HTMs) for efficient and stable perovskite solar. cells (PSCs), 5,10,15,20-tetrakis{4-[N,N-di(4-thethoxylphenyl)amino-phenyl]}-porphyrin was prepared in gram scale through the direct condensation of pyrrole and 4-[bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino]-benzaldehyde. Its Zn(II) and Cu(II) complexes exhibit excellent thermal and electrochemical stability, specifically a high hole Mobility and very favorable energetics for hole extraction that render them a new class of HTMs in organometallic halide PSCs. As expected, ZnP as HTM in PSCs affords a competitive power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 17.78%,which is comparable to that of the most powerful HTM of Spiro-MeOTAD (18.59%) under the same working conditions. Mean-While, the metal centers affect somewhat the photovoltaic performances that CuP as HTM produces a lower PCE of 15.36%. Notably, the PSCs employing ZnP show a much,better stability than Spiro-OMeTAD. Moreover, the two-porphyrin-based HTMs can be prepared from relatively cheap raw materials with a facile synthetic route. The results demonstrate that ZnP and CuP can be a new class of HTMs for efficient and stable PSCs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the best performance that porphyrin-based solar cells could show with PCE > 17%.

  • 2.
    Cheng, Ming
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi.
    Chen, Cheng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Aitola, Kerttu
    Zhang, Fuguo
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi. Dalian University of Technology (DUT), China.
    Highly Efficient Integrated Perovskite Solar Cells Containing a Small Molecule-PC70BM Bulk Heterojunction Layer with an Extended Photovoltaic Response Up to 900 nm2016Inngår i: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 28, nr 23, s. 8631-8639Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate a high efficiency perovskite solar cell (PSC) integrated with a bulk heterojunction layer, based on acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A) type hole transport material (HTM) and PC70BM composite, yielding improved photoresponse. Two A-D-A-structured hole transporting materials termed M3 and M4 were designed and synthesized. Applied as HTMs in PSCs, power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 14.8% and 12.3% were obtained with M3 and M4, respectively. The HTMs M3 and M4 show competitive absorption, but do not contribute to photocurrent, resulting in low current density. This issue was solved by mixing the HTMs with PC70BM to form a bulk heterojunction (BHJ) layer and integrating this layer into the PSC as hole transport layer (HTL). Through careful interface optimization, the (FAPbI(3))(0.85)(MAPbBr(3))(0.15)/HTM:PC70BM integrated devices showed improved efficiencies of 16.2% and 15.0%, respectively. More importantly, the incident-photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) spectrum shows that the photoresponse is extended to 900 nm by integrating the M4:PC70BM based BHJ and (FAPbI(3))(0.85)(MAPbBr(3))(0.15) layers.

  • 3.
    Hua, Yong
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Li, Yuanyuan
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemiteknik.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Composite Hole-Transport Materials Based on a Metal-Organic Copper Complex and Spiro-OMeTAD for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells2018Inngår i: SOLAR RRL, ISSN 2367-198X, Vol. 2, nr 5, artikkel-id UNSP 1700073Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Spiro-OMeTAD has been the most commonly used hole-transport material in perovskite solar cells. However, this material shows intrinisic drawbacks, such as low hole mobility and conductivity in its pristine form, as well as self-aggregation when deposited as thin film. These are not beneficial properties for efficient hole transport and extraction. In order to address these issues, we have designed a new type of composite hole-transport materials based on a new metal-organic copper complex (CuH) and Spiro-OMeTAD. The incorporation of the molecularly bulky HTM CuH into the Spiro-OMeTAD material efficiently improves the hole mobility and suppresses the aggregation in the Spiro-OMeTAD film. As a result, the conversion efficiencies obtained for perovskite solar cells based on the composite HTM system reached as high as 18.83%, which is superior to solar cells based on the individual hole-transport materials CuH (15.75%) or Spiro-OMeTAD (14.47%) under the same working conditions. These results show that composite HTM systems may constitute an effective strategy to further improve the efficiency of perovskite solar cells.

  • 4.
    Tian, Lei
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Fohlinger, Jens
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Zhang, Zhibin
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Engn Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Pati, Palas Baran
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Lin, Junzhong
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kubart, Tomas
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Engn Sci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Mat & Environm Chem, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hammarström, Leif
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Tian, Haining
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Chem, Angstrom Lab, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Solid state p-type dye sensitized NiO-dye-TiO2 core-shell solar cells2018Inngår i: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 54, nr 30, s. 3739-3742Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Solid state p-type dye sensitized NiO-dye-TiO2 core-shell solar cells with an organic dye PB6 were successfully fabricated for the first time. With Al2O3 as an inner barrier layer, the recombination process between injected holes in NiO and injected electrons in TiO2 was significantly suppressed and the charge transport time was also improved.

  • 5. Zhang, J.
    et al.
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Molekylär elektronik, CMD.
    Xu, Bo
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Molekylär elektronik, CMD.
    Yang, L.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Molekylär elektronik, CMD.
    Johansson, M. B.
    Vlachopoulos, N.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Molekylär elektronik, CMD.
    Boschloo, G.
    Johansson, E. M. J.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Molekylär elektronik, CMD.
    Hagfeldt, A.
    The Role of 3D Molecular Structural Control in New Hole Transport Materials Outperforming Spiro-OMeTAD in Perovskite Solar Cells2016Inngår i: Advanced Energy Materials, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 6, nr 19, artikkel-id 1601062Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6. Zhang, Jinbao
    et al.
    Xu, Bo
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektroteknisk teori och konstruktion.
    Yang, Li
    Mingorance, Alba
    Ruan, Changqing
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi.
    Wang, Linqin
    Vlachopoulos, Nick
    Lira-Cantu, Monica
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Hagfeldt, Anders
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi.
    Johansson, Erik M. J.
    Incorporation of Counter Ions in Organic Molecules: New Strategy in Developing Dopant-Free Hole Transport Materials for Efficient Mixed-Ion Perovskite Solar Cells2017Inngår i: ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 7, nr 14, artikkel-id 1602736Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hole transport matertial (HTM) as charge selective layer in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) plays an important role in achieving high power conversion efficiency (PCE). It is known that the dopants and additives are necessary in the HTM in order to improve the hole conductivity of the HTM as well as to obtain high efficiency in PSCs, but the additives can potentially induce device instability and poor device reproducibility. In this work a new strategy to design dopant-free HTMs has been presented by modifying the HTM to include charged moieties which are accompanied with counter ions. The device based on this ionic HTM X44 dos not need any additional doping and the device shows an impressive PCE of 16.2%. Detailed characterization suggests that the incorporated counter ions in X44 can significantly affect the hole conductivity and the homogeneity of the formed HTM thin film. The superior photovoltaic performance for X44 is attributed to both efficient hole transport and effective interfacial hole transfer in the solar cell device. This work provides important insights as regards the future design of new and efficient dopant free HTMs for photovotaics or other optoelectronic applications.

  • 7.
    Zhang, Wei
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Sadollahkhani, Azar
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Li, Yuanyuan
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi. KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Centra, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Zhang, Biaobiao
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi.
    Zhang, Fuguo
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Organisk kemi.
    Safdari, Majid
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Hao, Yan
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Kemi, Tillämpad fysikalisk kemi.
    Investigation of Triphenylamine (TPA)-Based Metal Complexes and Their Application in Perovskite Solar Cells2017Inngår i: ACS OMEGA, ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 2, nr 12, s. 9231-9240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Triphenylamine-based metal complexes were designed and synthesized via coordination to Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) using their respective acetate salts as the starting materials. The resulting metal complexes exhibit more negative energy levels (vs vacuum) as compared to 2,2', 7,7'-tetrakis(N, N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9'-spirobifluorene (Spiro-OMeTAD), high hole extraction efficiency, but low hole mobilities and conductivities. Application of dopants typically used for Spiro-OMeTAD was not successful, indicating a more complicated mechanism of partial oxidation besides the redox potential. However, utilization as hole-transport material was successful, giving a highest efficiency of 11.1% under AM 1.5G solar illumination.

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