kth.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 18 of 18
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Castillo Tapia, Pilar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Fonseca, Nelson J. G.
    European Space Agcy, Antenna & Sub Millimetre Waves Sect, Noordwijk, Netherlands..
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Modulated Geodesic Lens Antenna Array2021In: 2021 15Th European Conference On Antennas And Propagation (Eucap), IEEE , 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the design of a geodesic Luneburg lens array antenna. The water drop lens is a compact and highly-efficient alternative to the planar Luneburg lens. Our proposed lens antenna is able to steer 110 deg in azimuth with negligible scan losses. On the other hand, the linear array of four elements increases 6 dB of directivity in elevation. A feeding network composed by a 1:4 power splitter and four different phase shifters allows to steer 60 deg in elevation.

  • 2. Fonseca, Nelson J. G.
    et al.
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Compact parallel‐plate waveguide half‐Luneburg geodesic lensin the Ka‐band2020In: IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, ISSN 1751-8725, E-ISSN 1751-8733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A parallel-plate waveguide half-Luneburg geodesic lens is designed and experimentally validated in the Ka-band. The geodesic lens profile is modulated using spline functions to reduce its height, while the symmetry halving the lens enables reduction of its in-plane dimensions. This design provides high gain, equivalent to that of a full-Luneburg lens, over a reduced angular range of ±20° to ±30° in azimuth. The specific design reported here has a maximum realized gain of 23.3 dBi in measurement, compared with 23.8 dBi for a full-Luneburg lens twice the size of this design. Very wideband operation is demonstrated both in simulations and measurements. This design is of interest for applications having limited space like millimetre-wave systems on board cubesats and small satellites.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Fonseca, Nelson J. G.
    et al.
    European Space Agcy, Antenna & Submillimeter Waves Sect, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk, Netherlands..
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Equivalent Planar Lens Ray-Tracing Model to Design Modulated Geodesic Lenses Using Non-Euclidean Transformation Optics2020In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 1558-2221, Vol. 68, no 5, p. 3410-3422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes a design procedure that enables a time-efficient evaluation of the focusing properties of modulated geodesic lenses using ray tracing on the equivalent gradient-index planar lens. The method uses transformation optics to define the equivalent planar relative permittivity distribution of axially symmetric surfaces and a ray-tracing model to evaluate the phase distribution in the aperture of the lens. This approach is of interest to optimize modulated geodesic lenses having polynomial profiles, reducing their height while preserving their wideband behavior and wide angular focusing properties. The approach is validated with a specific lens design. The profile is optimized at 30 GHz, while the focusing properties are monitored over the complete Ka up-link frequency band allocated to satellite communications (i.e., 27.5 & x2013;31 GHz). The manufactured prototype produces 21 beams equally spaced every 7.5 & x00B0; over the extended angular range of & x00B1;75 & x00B0;. The ray-tracing model results are compared in detail with the corresponding full-wave model results and experimental data. The manufactured design has return loss better than 15 dB over a fractional frequency bandwidth larger than 30 & x0025;, in line with the predictions. Excellent scanning properties are demonstrated over an angular range of & x00B1;60 & x00B0; with scan losses below 1 dB and good pattern stability, including on sidelobe levels. A height reduction by a factor of 4, when compared to a conventional geodesic lens, is demonstrated with this specific design.

  • 4.
    Fonseca, Nelson J. G.
    et al.
    European Space Agcy, Antenna & Sub Millimetre Waves Sect, Noordwijk, Netherlands. iao, Qingbi; Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar.
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    The Water Drop Lens: A Modulated Geodesic Lens Antenna Based on Parallel Curves2018In: ISAP 2018 - 2018 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, article id 8627878Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the design of parallel plate waveguide geodesic nses based on parallel curves enabling low-profile beamformers with a ry wide angular scanning range. The proposed approach provides smooth ns profiles with additional degrees of freedom for the optimization of odesic lenses, enabling Gaussian beam but also shaped patterns. The tational symmetry of the lens results in a shape looking like water op ripples, also known as capillary waves, at the surface of a fluid, nce the water drop lens appellation.

  • 5.
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Fully metallic antennas for millimeter wave applications2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern societal demands for a high data throughput, short time latency and low energy consumption are difficult to satisfy using current wirelesscommunication techniques. The carrier frequency of previous wireless communication, such as broadcast, the global system for mobile communication, and wireless local area networks, are in the sub-3 GHz spectrum. Electromagnetic waves in the sub-3 GHz spectrum possess a long wavelength and small free space path loss (FSPL), but with a narrow absolute bandwidth. This absolute bandwidth limits the channel capacity according to Shannon theory. Under the assumption that relative bandwidth is fixed, the absolute bandwidth is proportional to the carrier frequency. That means, wireless communications with high carrier frequency can provide wide bandwidth and large channel capacity. Besides, the sub-3 GHz spectrum is already too crowded to have future advanced wireless communications. Nowadays, it is essential to move carrier frequencies to higher frequency spectrum. The millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency band can provide an extensive bandwidth but suffers high atmospheric attenuation and FSPL. The highattenuation and loss limit the propagation distance of mmWave to a few kilometers. Additionally there is a high attenuation due to precipitation, as the wavelength of mmWaves are of the same order in size as rain drops. Due to these losses, there are restricted applications in the mmWave band used for wireless communications. However, the electromagnetic spectrumshortage encourages new researches to look for solutions overcoming the drawbacks of mmWave.

    Specific requirements on antenna designs are imposed by using mmWave communication, including manufacturing costs, integration, efficiency, scanningrange, and directivity. Antennas designed for the mmWave have a small physical size, which requires finer manufacturing resolution and increases manufacturing costs. To compensate for the high FSPL and attenuations, high directive antennas with low side lobe level are favorable. To improve the radiation efficiency, it is preferred to use fully metallic structuresas opposed to structures containing dielectrics for antennas operating in the mmWave range. This thesis investigates the innovative techniques for designing high performance fully metallic antennas in mmWave. Antennas made in gap waveguides and geodesic lens antennas have low manufacturing costs, low loss, and high directivity. The gap waveguide technology can be used to manufacture antennas in separated pieces. These pieces are united together afterwards. The manufacturing cost is reduced in this way. In gap waveguides, the radiation leakages from gaps between separated pieces are prevented using metasurfaces. The research emphasis is placed on the properties of glide-symmetric metasurfaces. Comparing with non-glide metasurfaces, glide-symmetric metasurfaces have an extended electromagnetic bandgap. On the other side, the geodesic lens antenna is designed based on geometrical optics (GO). The graded index lenses can be transformed to geodesic shapes through GO. Since the mmWave presents optical propagation characteristics, GO can be used as a good approximation. A ray-tracing model is developed to calculate the radiation patterns of geodesic lenses and its performance is verified by full wave simulations. Geodesic lens antennas implemented in parallel plate waveguides are in full metal and allow waves to propagate in vacuum or air.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Fonseca, Nelson
    Antenna and Sub-Millimeter Waves Section, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, 2200 AG, Netherlands.
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Compact Multibeam Fully Metallic Geodesic Luneburg Lens Antenna Based on Non-Euclidean Transformation Optics2018In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 1558-2221, Vol. 66, no 12, p. 7383-7388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-Euclidean transformations have been recently proposed to produce a link between 3-D homogeneous surfaces and 2-D dielectric lenses. Therefore, the propagation in a geometrical surface has the same response of an equivalent refractive index distribution. By using this concept, we propose here a fully metallic Luneburg lens where the propagation is only in the air. Two metallic plates, following a curved shape, are employed to support the propagation mimicking the designed curvature. To reduce the height of the required curvature, the surface has been mirrored twice with respect to two z constant planes. The lens is fed by 11 waveguide ports spaced with an angle of 12.5° providing 1-D beam scanning over an angular range of ±62.5°. A prototype is manufactured and measured with a good agreement with the simulated results between 25 and 36 GHz to demonstrate the concept.

  • 7.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Kaneko, Megumi
    Natl Inst Informat, Tokyo 1018430, Japan..
    Global Energy Efficiency Optimization of a Ka-Band Multi-Beam LEO Satellite Communication System2021In: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 9, p. 55232-55243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the issue of global energy efficiency optimization in a multi-beam low Earth orbit (LEO) satellite communication system. Current terrestrial networks provide high-quality and low cost communication mainly in densely populated areas. However, the cost of extending wideband coverage to remote areas is unaffordable. LEO satellites provide a low cost solution for offering global coverage by supporting terrestrial networks. We consider downlink transmissions in Ka-band, where a LEO satellite transmits to access points or users directly. Impairments due to Ka-band channels, inter-beam interference as well as Doppler effects are taken into account in our mathematical model. We formulate the problem of jointly optimizing beam assignment and power allocation for maximizing global energy efficiency. Given the intractability of this problem, we propose to divide it into two subproblems: first, beam assignment optimization under fixed power per beam, and second, power allocation optimization under fixed beam assignment. We devise two algorithms, beam-wise power optimization and equal power optimization. These two algorithms solve the subproblems, beam assignment and power allocation, in a different way. Numerical results show that our proposed methods can greatly improve the global energy efficiency compared to the baseline method with a fixed power per beam.

  • 8.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Mesa, Francisco
    Univ Seville, Dept Appl Phys 1, Seville, Spain..
    Zetterström, Oskar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Fonseca, Nelson J. G.
    European Space Agcy, Antenna & Sub Millimetre Waves Sect, Noordwijk, Netherlands..
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Generalized Ray-tracing Model for Modified Geodesic Luneburg Lens Antennas2021In: 2020 international symposium on antennas and propagation (isap), IEEE , 2021, p. 193-194Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present an accurate and efficient ray-tracing model for calculating the radiation pattern of rotationally symmetric geodesic lenses. The performance of the ray-tracing model is compared to full-wave simulations, CST and HFSS, through the radiation patterns of a modified geodesic Luneburg lens antenna. The modified geodesic Luneburg lens profile has two parts, one is the original geodesic curve using geometrical optics, and one is a transition for reducing reflections. The radiation pattern from the ray-tracing model has a good agreement with the results from the full-wave simulations. However, the ray-tracing is significantly faster than the full-wave simulators.

  • 9.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Mesa, Francisco
    ETS Ingeniería Informática, Dpt.of Applied Physics, Universidad de Sevilla.
    Zetterström, Oskar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Fonseca, Nelson J. G.
    Antenna and Sub-Millimetre Waves Section, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands..
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Generalized Ray-tracing Model for ModifiedGeodesic Luneburg Lens Antennas2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Higher mode propagation in periodic patch structures with two-dimensional glide symmetries2018In: IET Conference Publications, Institution of Engineering and Technology , 2018, no CP741Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A periodic structure possesses glide symmetry if it is composed of two lattices mirrored and translated half period. We propose here a new king of two-dimensional glide-symmetric structure in microstrip technology. The effect of the glide symmetry on the higher modes is studied in this paper. We compare a glide-symmetric case with only mirrored metasurfaces, and a quarter-period translation case.

  • 11.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Rajo-Iglesias, Eva
    Univ Carlos III Madrid, Dept Commun & Signal Theory, Madrid, Spain..
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Groove Gap Waveguide Slot Array Based on Glide-Symmetric Holes2020In: Proceedings 14th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) , 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gap waveguide technology enables a cost-effective and low-loss manufacturing of high frequency fully metallic components. With this technology, the microwave components can be made in two pieces that are assembled together afterwards. Between these two pieces, an undesired air gap due to surface roughness or manufacturing tolerances may cause energy leakage. To prevent this leakage, periodic structures that produce electromagnetic bandgaps (EBGs) are used. Here, we compare the performances of two holey EBG surfaces, which are a conventional holey periodic metasurface and a metasurface with glide symmetry. The glide-symmetric structure has a wider EBG and a similar leakage prevention with less number of hole rows. Using glide-symmetric holes, a 4 x 4 slot array antenna is designed. This slot array is excited with the TE40 mode and has a rotationally symmetric radiation pattern.

  • 12.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Rajo-Iglesias, Eva
    Univ Carlos III Madrid, Dept Commun & Signal Theory, Leganes 28911, Spain..
    Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Ka-Band Fully Metallic TE40 Slot Array Antenna With Glide-Symmetric Gap Waveguide Technology2019In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 1558-2221, Vol. 67, no 10, p. 6410-6418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gap waveguide has recently been proposed as a low-loss and low-cost technology for millimeter-wave components. The main advantage of the gap waveguide technology is that the microwave components can be manufactured in two metallic pieces that are assembled together without electrical contact. The leakage through a thin air gap between the two pieces is prevented by a 2-D periodic structure offering an electromagnetic bandgap (EBG). This EBG is conventionally implemented with metallic pins. Here, we propose the usage of a holey glide-symmetric EBG structure to design a $4\times 4$ slot array antenna that is fed with a TE40 mode. The TE40 excitation is designed based on a TE10-TE20 mode converter whose performance is initially evaluated by radiation pattern measurements. The final antenna, the $4\times 4$ slot array antenna, was manufactured in aluminum by computer numerical control (CNC) milling. The antenna has a rotationally symmetric radiation pattern that could find application as a reference antenna as well as for 5G point-to-point communications.

  • 13.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Wang, L.
    Omnidirectional Multibeam Substrate Integrated Horn Array for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles2021In: 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting, APS/URSI 2021 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2021, p. 375-376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a multibeam planar horn array covering a full azimuth direction. The proposed antenna array is made of compact substrate integrated horns. The beamwidth of a single horn is 30°. Therefore, the full azimuth coverage can be achieved by using twelve horns. The radiation patterns of the neighboring horns intersect with each other at - 3 dB beamwidth. This antenna array has a wide relative bandwidth up to 32% in Ka-band. In the operating frequency, all the beams are well isolated to each other by a low mutual coupling below -45 dB. The proposed array is fabricated using a single-layer printed circuit board with a thickness of 1.5 mm. The compact size makes the integration of this array easy. Additionally, the omnidirectional pattern of the array can be used to support high speed beam tracking and overcome blockages for unmanned aerial vehicles.

  • 14.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Wang, Lei
    Heriot Watt Univ, Inst Sensors Signals & Syst, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Switchable Bidirectional/Unidirectional LWA Array Based on Half-Mode Substrate Integrated Waveguide2020In: IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, ISSN 1536-1225, E-ISSN 1548-5757, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 1261-1265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel leaky-wave antenna array with switchable radiation patterns is designed and manufactured at X-band based on a half-mode substrate integrated waveguide. It generates endfire and broadside radiation patterns in two orthogonal planes. The endfire radiation is bidirectional in the xz plane, and the broadside radiation is unidirectional in the yz plane. These two radiations can be controlled by triggering in-phase or out-of-phase port excitations. The excitations also enable the scanning beams to switch between xz and yz planes. A feeding network is designed with a 3 dB coupler and a phase tuner to generate the in-phase and out-of-phase excitations. In the feeding network, the phase difference is realized without using any phase shifter. The feeding network has two input ports, one for the in-phase excitation and one for the out-of-phase excitation. A prototype antenna was manufactured and tested to validate the concept.

  • 15.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Ying, Zhinong
    Gustafson, Carl
    Channel Capacity Analysis of Different Mobile Antenna Array Topologies in the Outdoor Urban Environment for 5G mm Wave System2017In: 2017 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 1473-1474Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 15 and 28 GHz frequency bands have been identified as interesting candidates for future 5G cellular communication systems. In this paper, based on ray-tracing simulations, we investigate the channel capacities at 15 and 28 GHz for a number of different array processing techniques, including beamforming, spatial multiplexing, and two types of hybrid beamforming. This is done for an 8 x 32 multiple input multiple output system, for the single user case. The hybrid beamforming techniques combines the beamforming and spatial multiplexing techniques, in order to reduce the number of analog-to-digital converters and thereby reducing the system complexity, while still maintaining multiplexing capabilities for improved system capacities. The achieved channel capacities the hybrid beamforming techniques with up to four parallel streams outperforms pure beamforming, but does not reach capacities close to that of full spatial multiplexing. This indicates that the outdoor channel can support multiplexing of more than four parallel data streams to a single user.

  • 16.
    Liao, Qingbi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Ying, Zhinong
    Gustafson, Carl
    Simulations and Measurements of 15 and 28 GHz Indoor Channels with Different Array Configurations2017In: 2017 INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON ANTENNA TECHNOLOGY: SMALL ANTENNAS, INNOVATIVE STRUCTURES, AND APPLICATIONS (IWAT), IEEE , 2017, p. 256-259Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many different frequency bands above 6 GHz and into the mm-wave range above 30 GHz that are possible candidates for use in future 5G cellular systems. In this paper, we present some results for wireless channels at 15 and 28 GHz in an indoor scenario. The results are based on both measurements and ray tracing simulations. Basic comparisons of measured and simulated power-delay profiles, angle of departure and received power are presented to give an insight to the possibilities and limitations of utilizing ray tracing to characterize the indoor wireless channel at 15 and 28 GHz. We show that it is important to consider human body shadowing as well as finer structures and details in the ray tracing environment model in order to achieve reasonable results. Lastly, we also perform ray tracing simulations to assess the performance of a number of different array signal processing techniques, including beamforming, hybrid beamforming and spatial multiplexing.

  • 17.
    Wang, Lei
    et al.
    Heriot Watt Univ, Sch Engn & Phys Sci, Inst Sensors Signals & Syst, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Wideband Multibeam SIW Horn Array With High Beam Isolation and Full Azimuth Coverage2021In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 1558-2221, Vol. 69, no 9, p. 6070-6075Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This communication presents a Ka-band multibeam substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) horn array implemented in a single-layer planar substrate. By conforming the array into a circular shape, the horn array covers full 360 degrees azimuth range with 12 beams. Every adjacent beam overlaps each other at the half-power beam shoulders. A wideband matching is obtained with -10 dB reflection coefficients from 27.5 to 38 GHz. By suppressing the side-lobe levels to be lower than - 20 dB, the mutual coupling between each SIW horn is less than -45 dB from 28 to 38 GHz. With a thin radiating aperture of 0.16 lambda, a stable realized gain of each beam is achieved around 9.5 dBi, whereas it increases to 12.9 dBi when there is a conducting reflector closely beneath it. Due to the reflector, the main radiation directions tilt 30 degrees, which enables the proposed multibeam antenna to be mounted on the ceiling while maintaining the communication for multiple users below. Results with a manufactured prototype well demonstrate the multibeam performance both in simulation and measurement with good agreement. In addition, it is compact and easy to be fabricated with common printed circuit board (PCB) techniques, also suitable to be integrated into microwave systems. It is promising for the application in beamswitched, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), and omnidirectional systems.

  • 18.
    Zhao, Kun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Gustafson, Carl
    Liao, Qingbi
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
    Zhang, Shuai
    Bolin, Thomas
    Ying, Zhinong
    He, Sailing
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Channel Characteristics and User Body Effects in an Outdoor Urban Scenario at 15 and 28 GHz2017In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 1558-2221, Vol. 65, no 12, p. 6534-6548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of a user's body on channel characteristics for single user downlink transmission in an urban scenario for the fifth generation (5G) systems is investigated with ray-tracing at 15 and 28 GHz. Three different designs of user equipment (UE) antennas are fabricated and integrated into a mobile phone prototype, and their 3-D radiation patterns are measured both with and without a user. The user remains in Cellular Telephone Industries Association (CTIA) standard data mode and talk mode during measurements. The results show that the user's body will cause a strong shadowing loss and generate a large fluctuation on the received signal strength of the UE at both 15 and 28 GHz, which is crucial to channel modeling studies at frequencies above 6 GHz. In addition, the user's body effect on a linear array system in an UE is presented, and the main challenges for the future work are also addressed.

1 - 18 of 18
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf