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  • 1.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Sustainability and Industrial Dynamics.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Mobile payments: a proposal for a context-oriented approach based on socio-technical system theoryIn: Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 2183-0606Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recent review on mobile payment research by Dahlberg et al. (2015) concludes that there is a need to synthesise this research area by studying contexts in which innovation is done as well as to integrate different aspects of research. This article aims to provide a proposal for how to achieve such integration and context-orientation by building on previous studies as well as an additional review. Our systematic literature review of mobile payments research is focused on papers published during 2006–2016. The main objective is to examine how mobile payments research has been conducted from the methodological and theoretical perspectives. Our findings show that research on mobile payments is a multidisciplinary research. Three main themes, which are in line with previous studies, in research are: customer adoption, technological aspects, and business aspects. Moreover, research is mainly analytical based on deductive approach. To meet the challenge formulated in the previous research, we propose and apply a socio-technical system framework to achieve synthesis and context-specific consideration in future research on mobile payments.

  • 2.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Mobile ticketing services in the Northern Europe: Critical business model issues2018In: Internet of Things Business Models, Users, and Networks, 2017 / [ed] Morten Falch, Copenhagen, Denmark: IEEE, 2018, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Started as SMS ticketing, today, mobile ticketing services become a platform for combined mobility solutions that integrate mobile ticketing, bike renting, car sharing, and parking payment services. Mobile ticketing services provide a number of benefits for public transport companies and passengers, however, in some Northern European countries, the share of mobile ticket sales does not exceed 10 percent. In this paper, we analyse business models of three types of mobile ticketing services (SMS, in-app, and “Be-In Be-Out” (BIBO)) in order to identify factors that negatively affect wider penetration of mobile ticketing. In order to do so, we use STOF (Service, Technology, Organisation, and Finance) model. The research reveals that there are a number of challenges related to service, technology, and finance domains of mobile ticketing. Due to this, with the help of price policy, many public transport companies push choices of their customers towards use of plastic travel card.

  • 3.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Mobile ticketing services in the Northern Europe Critical business model issues2017In: 2017 JOINT 13TH CTTE AND 10TH CMI CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS - BUSINESS MODELS, USERS, AND NETWORKS / [ed] Falch, M, IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Started as SMS ticketing, today, mobile ticketing services become a platform for combined mobility solutions that integrate mobile ticketing, bike renting, car sharing, and parking payment services. Mobile ticketing services provide a number of benefits for public transport companies and passengers, however, in some Northern European countries, the share of mobile ticket sales does not exceed 10 percent. In this paper, we analyse business models of three types of mobile ticketing services (SMS, in-app, and "Be-InBe-Out" (BIBO)) in order to identify factors that negatively affect wider penetration of mobile ticketing. In order to do so, we use STOF (Service, Technology, Organisation, and Finance) model. The research reveals that there are a number of challenges related to service, technology, and finance domains of mobile ticketing. Due to this, with the help of price policy, many public transport companies push choices of their customers towards use of plastic travel card.

  • 4.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    The value of mobile ticketing from a public transport perspective2018In: Journal of Payments Strategy & Systems, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 292-305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the field of mobile payments, the market segment for mobile ticketing services is expected to grow, driven by the public transport sector. Although a large number of studies have explored the value of mobile payments to customers (ie service end users), there is a lack of research exploring the value of mobile payment and mobile ticketing for business customers (ie transport companies and retailers). This paper aims to address this gap and to explore the kinds of value that mobile ticketing services create for public transport companies. The research considers mobile ticketing services in six Northern European countries. The research findings suggest that within the business-to-business context, mobile ticketing services create multiple dimensions of value, namely enhanced technical functionality; financial value; better working environment; operational value; and reputational and customer relationship value. For passengers, meanwhile, value takes the form of convenience and service enhancement. These benefits are factors driving adoption of mobile ticketing and mobile payment services by public transport companies.

  • 5.
    Ghanbari, Amirhossein
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Alvarez Alvarez, Oscar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Coopetition in M2M Ecosystem - The Case of Smart Cities2015In: 2015 12TH ANNUAL IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING, COMMUNICATION, AND NETWORKING - WORKSHOPS (SECON WORKSHOPS), IEEE , 2015, p. 13-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the potential opportunities that can be attained with promoting Smart Sustainable Cities (SSC); a concept that can be reached based on Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The SSC concept is then considered achievable by horizontal integration of participating industries in its ecosystem in order to empower sustainability. This approach requires cooperation and sharing resources among co-existing multiple industrial verticals as well as collaboration among competitors (Coopetition). As a result, Machine to Machine (M2M) communications, as the most relevant subcategory of ICT in this context, requires proper coopetition patterns in its ecosystem. In this paper we identify the major roles (activities) in the M2M ecosystem in the context of Smart Cities. Next we define the actors who are capable of performing these roles and present a diagram showing plausible business relations among them. Eventually we discuss the complexity of resources in this context and present different forms of sharing resources among participating actors that is based on coopetition.

  • 6.
    Hossain, M. Istiak
    et al.
    KTH.
    Laya, Andres
    KTH.
    Militano, Francesco
    Ericsson Res, Bangalore, Karnataka, India..
    Iraji, Sassan
    Aalto Univ, Aalto, Finland..
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Reducing Signaling Overload: Flexible Capillary Admission Control for Dense MTC over LTE Networks2015In: 2015 IEEE 26TH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON PERSONAL, INDOOR, AND MOBILE RADIO COMMUNICATIONS (PIMRC), IEEE , 2015, p. 1305-1310Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing adoption of Machine-Type Communication (MTC) applications on existing Long Term Evolution (LTE) brings new challenges for traditional signaling mechanism and system capacity. MTC is related to high number of devices; which represents a challenge when performing control and signaling procedures required for getting resource grant, since these processes are inefficient compared to the actual resource usage for small data transmissions. Solutions based on device grouping propose a static grouping approach, which does not perform well in low load scenario. This paper introduces the notion of a flexible admission/connection that can give granular group device control to Core network. With the proposed approach devices can be grouped for a certain period of time under supervision and control of a gateway and they can be ungrouped when there is no need for grouping them together. In this way, a finer control can be achieved on prioritizing certain services and load balancing. Our simulation results demonstrate significant signaling reduction by using this simple scheme compared to conventional connection procedure.

  • 7.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Azari, Amin
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Zander, Jens
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Enhanced Random Access:: Initial Access Load Balance in HighlyDense LTE-A Networks for Multiservice (H2H-MTC) Traffic2017In: 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications, IEEE, 2017, p. 1-7, article id 7996622Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Random Access (RA) procedure in existing cellular networks is not capable of functioning properly during high access load conditions. For this purpose, overload control mechanisms are needed. Most proposed mechanisms in the literature offer a tradeoff between access rate and experienced delays. However, when the maximal tolerated delay and the energy spent on retransmissions are tightly bounded, the very high access rate, targeted for 5G systems, cannot be achieved. For these situations, we propose the Delay Estimation based RA (DERA)-scheme that has the potential to meet very stringent reliability requirements, even in high access load conditions. The present work shows that this goal can be achieved only at the cost of limited additional complexity. Furthermore, we also study the optimal switchover point at which the proposed scheme moves from low-load to the high-load phase. The derived tool can also be used along with other proposed RA overload control schemes, e.g.when to invoke access class barring. The performance evaluation results show that the novel DERA scheme can significantly improve the control channels’ resource utilization along with the success rate in dense deployment scenarios.

  • 8.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Islam, Raihan Ul
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Azari, Amin
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Andersson, Karl
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Early Data Transmit in Cellular-IoT: A Supervised Learning Approach to Optimized Resource Pool Allocation2020In: Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    3GPP introduced Early Data Transmit (EDT) protocol in release-15 to address Internet of things (IoT) services signaling cost and connection delay due to RRC connectivity procedure. EDT enables data transmission in MSG3 wherein traditional RACH procedure, a collision is realized at MSG3 reception. Traditional preventive approach (access class barring) may control the device access rate, but that does not always adequate to solve hidden collision due to the receiver’s limitation and devices power control mechanism. The present work aims at solving the problem by allocating extra resources pool for potential collided devices. The allocated resource of the pool is optimized based on an artificial neural network (ANN) based learning algorithm. The performance evaluation result shows that the learning-based resource allocation radically increases the data transmission success rate with EDT.

  • 9.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Kumar, Niroop
    KTH.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Techno-Economic Framework for IoT Service Platform:: A Cost-Structure Aspects of IoT Service ProvisioningIn: IEEE Internet of Things Journal, ISSN 2327-4662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A plethora of Internet of Things (IoT) platforms are available in the market today. Most of the IoT platforms are used mainly for service prototyping. Cost-efficient service scalability on any platform is still an unresolved concern that, so far, has been addressed qualitatively. A quantitative method for IoT platform economics is missing in the literature. In this paper, we propose a generic framework to address this gap. Our proposed framework covers the dimensioning of the platform's software and hardware to envisage the design, deployment, and operation cost of platform services. Then, we use the framework to perform a quantitative study of platform rollout in three platform business contexts. Our analysis shows the applicability of different deployment and platform integration choices. Our results suggest that storage and energy are the main cost drivers for platforms' hardware scalability, where the main cost driver is the intensity of the sensors' message transmission rate. Additionally, our use-case based study suggests that platform as a service (PaaS) is only beneficial for actors who have limited scale or niche market need.

  • 10.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Lin, Lu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    A Comparative Study of IoT-Communication Systems Cost Structure: Initial Findings of Radio Access Networks Cost2018In: 11th CMI International Conference, 2018: Prospects and Challenges Towards Developing a Digital Economy within the EU, PCTDDE 2018 / [ed] Williams, I, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, p. 49-55, article id 8624853Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This techno-economic study introduces a framework to study the deployment cost of IoT radio access network and to compare the cost and capacity of LPWAN, LPLAN, and Cellular-IoT systems. There are a plethora of Communication technologies available today. Small rollout and pilot projects are visible for most of the IoT connectivity technologies. However, The economic viability of cellular and non-cellular IoT connectivity technologies are not definite. The primary objective of this work is to analyze the cost structure of SigFox, LoRaWAN, NB-IoT, and WiFi-HaLow. In this paper, we study an urban scenario with the consideration of an Greenfield and Brownfield actor to understand the technology selection strategy of communication service prodvider's perspective. One of our findings indicates that the maintenance cost is the key cost driver for IoT radio access networks. We also point out certain bounds where a technology is potentially cost-effective.

  • 11.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Comparison of LPWAN Technologies: Cost Structure and Scalability2019In: Telecommunications Policy, ISSN 0308-5961, E-ISSN 1879-3258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    — Pilot rollouts of Cellular-IoT (C-IoT) networks just started to take place this year. In the coming years, commercial deployment will take place. However, among the plethora of low power wide area network (LPWAN) technologies, the cost-effectiveness of C-IoT is not certain for IoT service providers, small and greenfield operators.  Today, there is no known public framework for the feasibility analysis of IoT communication technologies.

    Hence, this paper first presents a generic framework to assess the viability of cellular and non-cellular LPWAN technologies. Then, we applied the framework in eight deployment scenarios to analyze the prospect of LPWAN technologies like Sigfox, LoRaWAN, NB-IoT, LTE-M, and EC-GSM. We consider the inter-technology interference impact on LoRaWAN and Sigfox scalability. Our results validate that large rollout with a single technology is not cost-efficient. Also, our analysis suggests the viability of an IoT communication Technology may not be linear to cost efficiency.

  • 12.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    IoT-Communications as a Service: Actor Roles on Indoor Wireless Coverage2017In: 2017 JOINT 13TH CTTE AND 10TH CMI CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS - BUSINESS MODELS, USERS, AND NETWORKS / [ed] Falch, M, IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) is anticipated as a 'game changer' for communication service providers. Numerous IoT devices will deploy in areas where humans already inhabit. It is increasing the importance of indoor area coverage to support IoT services. This again brings the historically important questions, 'what roles an actor play and who will control the indoor coverage?' In this paper, we discuss the business actors' roles in IoT indoor service context. We identify the possible roles and activities needed to provide end-to-end indoor IoT services. Additionally, we analyze the actors' roles in IoT ecosystem. We compare the actors' roles in the context of the suitable technology and deployment choices. Our identification of roles and initial analysis shows the impact of technology and rollout choices over network business strategy. With our presented analysis, we evaluate the possible paths for mobile network operators (MNOs) on low-power wide area (LPWAN) or low-power wireless local area (LPWLAN) network deployment.

  • 13.
    Karapantelakis, Athanasios
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Challenges for ICT Business Development in Intelligent Transport Systems2017In: 2017 JOINT 13TH CTTE AND 10TH CMI CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS - BUSINESS MODELS, USERS, AND NETWORKS / [ed] Falch, M, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) are a product of convergence of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and transport industries, with an aim to improve safety, mobility and efficiency of transportation. Ubiquitous, fast and inexpensive wireless communication and increasing vehicle computation, storage and sensing capabilities, are technological enablers for ITS. Notwithstanding technological maturity, the real challenge rises from the change the ITS market brings to the business of ICT players, as development of ITS services requires cooperation of multiple actors across industries. For ICT players, this signifies a departure from rigid telecom-era business models to a more networked structure of collaboration with other players. In this paper, we identify key business challenges that ICT players face in ITS market, by analysis of two ITS use cases.

  • 14.
    Laya, Andrés
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Markendahl, Jan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Network-Centric Business Models for Health, Social Care and Wellbeing Solutions in the Internet of ThingsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this multiple case study we analyze solutions based on connected devices in the context of health, social care and wellbeing. Based on the consideration that a solution is a combination of services and products, we build on the notion that business models can be studied at a firm- and a network-level. These two levels are used to motivate the reasons why solutions emerging at the intersection of the healthcare and the ICT industries benefit from collaboration among different actors. We conclude that the firm- and the network-level development of business models provide alignment in the business network and are useful to establish the relation that technological component have with overall solutions. Our findings suggest that some component bring novelty in the final offer with affecting the ongoing operation, while other component aim at improving the internal working processes, with minimal effects on the final offer to end users. We discuss the benefits of a network-level perspective for each case.

  • 15.
    Markendahl, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Hossain, Mohammad Istiak
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Jonsson, Alex
    Evothings Lab AB, Stockholm, Sweden..
    To Connect Idle Capacity with Users - on Business and Digital Platform Aspects for Sharing Services2018In: 11th CMI International Conference, 2018: Prospects and Challenges Towards Developing a Digital Economy within the EU, PCTDDE 2018 / [ed] Williams, I, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, p. 38-43, article id 8624874Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we look into the business and service platform settings for a number of sharing services interpreted in a broad sense. It includes offering and renting of unused resources, bike and car pools, car rental, co-working spaces, second hand, and recycling. The objective of the study is to identify and describe requirements and features for an open two sided service platform for sharing services. The data set includes more than 30 sharing economy services and initiatives in Sweden. Primary data is collected from around 20 persons representing cities, local communities, providers of sharing services, technology providers and start-ups. We have also interviewed a few users of sharing services, car pools, bike pools, and coworking spaces in order to get some insight about user experience.. The sharing service should typically consider temporary use of idle capacity, usage of a platform enabling sharing and transaction between any persons in an open setting. We consider sharing of both goods and services. The main findings and research contributions are: i) a more clear definition of sharing services using the model with closed/open sets of both users and resources (providers), ii) identification of key values of a sharing service platform (as compared to values of a product or a rental service), and iii) a list of key features to implement in sharing service platforms.

  • 16.
    Markendahl, Jan
    et al.
    KTH. Royal Inst Technol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Ergonomics.
    Kordas, Olga
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Movin, Staffan
    Market Technol Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    On the role and potential of IoT in different industries Analysis of actor cooperation and challenges for introduction of new technology2017In: 2017 JOINT 13TH CTTE AND 10TH CMI CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS - BUSINESS MODELS, USERS, AND NETWORKS / [ed] Falch, M, IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study how IoT technology can be introduced and used in different sectors; industrial IoT, smart energy, smart homes, smart cities, health care and social care, sports and well-being. The research has given increased insights into opportunities and obstacles for the introduction of IoT in different sectors. The main obstacles are considered to be i) specific IoT solutions often tend to be a small part of the overall solution, ii) lack of knowledge about which overall services the IoT solution may be part of, iii) Fragmentation and insufficient scalability, iv) Distrust and hesitation among actors to share data and platforms and finally, v) fear of changing the own business model. The analysis of our cases indicates that most of the challenges occur due to the fact that the solutions initially have been developed using a single firm business model. In order to survive or grow a networked business model is needed.

1 - 16 of 16
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