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  • 1. Alymov, Sergei
    et al.
    Anderson, David
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Etnos-Thinking in the Long Twentieth Century2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] David Anderson, Dmitry Arzyutov, Sergei Alymov, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019, p. 21-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Alymov, Sergei S.
    et al.
    Russian Acad Sci, Inst Ethnol & Anthropol, Sci Hist, Moscow, Russia.;Russian Acad Sci, Inst Ethnol & Anthropol, Moscow, Russia..
    Anderson, David G.
    Univ Aberdeen, Dept Anthropol, Chair Anthropol North, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Life histories of the etnos concept in Eurasia: an introduction2018In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 21-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is an abridged version of the first chapter in the edited volume A Theory for Empire Written on Its Margins. It presents an account of more than 150 years of what the authors identify as "etnos-thinking" - the attempt to use positivistic and rational scientific methodologies to describe, encapsulate, evaluate, and rank "etnoses" across Eurasia. Its central argument is that the work of professional ethnographers created a powerful language parallel to the political vocabulary of "tribes," "nationalities," and "nations." The essay surveys the definitions of etnos offered by scholars during the twentieth century, and argues that historically etnos-thinking emerged and developed in the multidisciplinary scientific environment of "biosocial" science - an approach to identity heavily influenced by physical anthropology and natural sciences. The biosocial synthesis - and etnos-thinking - was incompatible with Soviet Marxism of the 1930s, but had a piecemeal revival in the 1960s. The article claims that etnos-thinking acquired new dynamism in post-Soviet Russia. Although leading academic anthropologists criticize the concept, it remains high on the agenda for many intellectuals and ethnic activists in the twenty-first century.

  • 3. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Alymov, Sergei
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Grounding Etnos Theory: An Introduction2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] David Anderson, Dmitry Arzyutov, Sergei Alymov, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4. Anderson, David
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    The Construction of the Soviet Ethnography and “The Peoples of Siberia"2016In: History and Anthropology, ISSN 0275-7206, E-ISSN 1477-2612, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 183-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-generation book project "The Peoples of Siberia" enabled a group of Leningrad-based scholars to reshape their museum into a Soviet ethnographic community. This article analyses the face-to-face performances, the legalistic stenographic documentation, the collective crafting of a single authoritative style, and a unique temporal frame as an important background to understand a hallmark volume in Siberian studies. The authors argue that the published volume indexes nearly thirty years of scholarly debates as much as it indexes the peoples it represents. The article concludes with a critical discussion of how this volume was translated and received by a Euro-American readership influencing the perception of Siberian peoples internationally. It also links the volume to contemporary post-Soviet publication projects which seem to retrace the same path. The article is based on extensive archival work and references collections recently discovered and which are presented for publication here for the first time.

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  • 5. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Etnos Archipelago: Sergei M. Shirokogoroff and the Life History of a Controversial Anthropological Concept2019In: Current Anthropology, ISSN 0011-3204, E-ISSN 1537-5382, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 741-773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of etnos—one of the more controversial anthropological concepts of the Cold War period—is contextualized by looking at its “life history” through the biography of one of its proponents. Sergei Mikhailovich Shirokogoroff was a Russian/Chinese anthropologist whose career transected Eurasia from Paris to Beijing via Saint Petersburg and the Siberian borderlands of the Russian Empire. His transnational biography and active correspondence shaped the unique spatial and intellectual configuration of a concept that became a cornerstone of both Soviet and Chinese ethnography. The theory of etnos turned out to be surprisingly stable, while circulating through various political and intellectual environments ranging from England, Germany, and China to Imperial, Soviet, and modern Russia. This case study presents a history of anthropology wherein networks and conversations originating in the Far East of Eurasia have had unexpected influences on the heartlands of anthropology. 

  • 6. Anderson, David G.
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.Alymov, Sergei S.
    Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of etnos came into being over a hundred years ago as a way of understanding the collective identities of people with a common language and shared traditions. In the twentieth century, the concept came to be associated with Soviet state-building, and it fell sharply out of favour. Yet outside the academy, etnos-style arguments not only persist, but are a vibrant part of regional anthropological traditions.Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond makes a powerful argument for reconsidering the importance of etnos in our understanding of ethnicity and national identity across Eurasia. The collection brings to life a rich archive of previously unpublished letters, fieldnotes, and photographic collections of the theory’s early proponents. Using contemporary fieldwork and case studies, the volume shows how the ideas of these ethnographers continue to impact and shape identities in various regional theatres from Ukraine to the Russian North to the Manchurian steppes of what is now China. Through writing a life history of these collectivist concepts, the contributors to this volume unveil a world where the assumptions of liberal individualism do not hold. In doing so, they demonstrate how notions of belonging are not fleeting but persistent, multi-generational, and bio-social.This collection is essential reading for anyone interested in Russian and Chinese area studies. It will also appeal to historians and students of anthropology and ethnography more generally.

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  • 7. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Altaĭskiĭ ritual’nyĭ kover i sozdanie geterotopii [Altai Ritual Rug and the Creation of Heterotopia]2013In: Antropologicheskii Forum, ISSN 1815-8870, no 18, p. 85-133Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 8. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    "Epîtres" altaïnnes: histoire et vie des textes du mouvement religieux Ak-Jaŋ2014In: Études Mongoles et Sibériennes, Centrasiatiques et Tibétaines, ISSN 2101-0013, Vol. 45, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 9. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Nabli͡udai͡a za nabli͡udateli͡ami: o vizual'nykh tekhnikakh teoretizirovanii͡a Sergeĭ i Elizavety Shirokogorovykh [Observing Observers: On Visual Techniques of Theoretical Thinking of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff]2017In: Etnographicheskoe obozrenie, ISSN 0869-5415, no 5, p. 32-50Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Samoyedic Diary: Early Years of Visual Anthropology in the Soviet Arctic2016In: Visual Anthropology, ISSN 0894-9468, E-ISSN 1545-5920, Vol. 29, no 4-5, p. 331-359Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 11. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Shatra and Jurt: The ‘Return Address’ in Rituals of Altaians2016In: Archaeology, Anthropology and Ethnology of Eurasia, ISSN 1563-0102, p. 111-120Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Univ Aberdeen, Scotland.
    The socialist way of life in Siberia: transformation in Buryatia2017In: Slavonica, ISSN 1361-7427, E-ISSN 1745-8145, Vol. 22, no 1-2, p. 106-107Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Writing the History of the Northern ‘Field’: An Introductory Note2017In: Sibirica (keele): Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, ISSN 1361-7362, E-ISSN 1476-6787, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 14. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Ėtnograf s kinokameroĭ v rukakh: Prokof'evy i nachalo vizual'noĭ antropologii samodiĭt͡sev [Ethnographers with Cinecamera in Their Hands: Prokofievs and the Beginning of Visual Anthropology of Samoyeds]2016In: Antropogicheskii Forum, ISSN 1815-8870, no 29Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 15. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Alymov, SergeiAnderson, David
    Ot klassikov k marksizmu: soveshchanie ėtnografov Moskvy i Leningrada (5–11 apreli͡a 1929 g.)2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 16. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Kan, Sergei
    Kont͡sept͡sii͡a poli͡a i polevoĭ raboty v ranneĭ sovetskoĭ ėtnografii [The concept of the Field and Fieldworking in Early Soviet Ethnography]2013In: Etnographicheskoe obozrenie, ISSN 0869-5415, no 6, p. 45-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17. Arzyutov, Dmitry
    et al.
    Lyublinskaya, Marina
    Nenet͡skoe olenevodstvo: geografii͡a, ėtnografii͡a, lingvistika [Nenets Reindeer Husbandry: Geography, Ethnography, and Linguistics].2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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  • 18.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    ‘American Dreams’ of Early Soviet Ethnography: Some Reflections on Bogoras’s Legacy2020In: Ab Imperio: Theory and History of Nationalities and Nationalism in the post-Soviet Realm, ISSN 2166-4072, E-ISSN 2164-9731, no 1, p. 75-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dmitry Arzyutov discusses a phenomenon that he defines as "American dreams" of Russian ethnography in the early twentieth century based on the example of Waldemar Bogoras, one of the founders of early Soviet ethnography. The essay highlights three specific cases that frame the development of this discipline not through the familiar narrative of gradual isolation but as a story of sometimes problematic contacts and exchanges with American anthropologists. The contacts that were established during the joint Jesup North Pacific Expedition (1897-1902) led by Franz Boas continued into the 1920s. Arzyutov shows that the main concepts of Soviet ethnography, such as "ethnogenesis" and "ethnic history," were products of the debates about the origin of the peoples of Arctica and Siberia between Franz Boas and the Russian expedition participants, Bogoras and, to a lesser degree, Lev Shternberg. The second case addresses Bogoras's unrealized project of establishing nature reserves-cum-reservations for the native peoples of Siberia. These were to combine the prerevolutionary idea of nature reserves (popular among Bogoras's geographer colleagues) with the North American practice of Indian reservations. Finally, the third case compares trajectories of the two students of Bogoras and Boas, Julia Averkieva and Archie Phinney. Their stories show how Marxism might have been differently understood and deployed in the transnational context, and how this difference could have generated intellectual and personal disagreements and conflicting versions of identity politics. The three cases taken together testify to the importance of shifting the optics of the history of anthropology from reconstructing national traditions and local genealogies toward tracing dialogue and mutual borrowings.

  • 19.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Antropolog ili politik? Politicheskie pristrastii͡a i teoreticheskie postroenii͡a Sergei͡a Shirokogorova [Anthropologist or Politician? Political Bias and Theoretical Constructions of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff]2017In: Etnographicheskoe Obozrenie, ISSN 08695415, no 5, p. 121-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the archival collection of photographs and drawings of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff from the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography. I examine these images as a visual technique of theoretical thinking in anthropology. In the first part of the article, I reconstruct the fieldwork of the Shirokogoroffs and focus on the technical history of fieldworking and the analysis of the images. Two main case studies are in the centre of the article: the analysis of the background and foreground of the photographs and “composite portraits” as a special genre in the history of physical anthropology. In the final part of the article, I provide an analysis of diagrams and drawings that Shirokogoroff did as an illustration of his theoretical ideas. The article concludes with an analysis of social life of their images in writings and archives of their colleagues.

  • 20.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Between Utopia and Armageddon: Novaya Zemlya as Contact ZoneManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Between Utopia and Armageddon: Novaya Zemlya as Contact ZoneIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Department of Siberian Ethnography, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Universitetskaya nab. 3, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia.
    Environmental Encounters: Woolly Mammoth, Indigenous Communities and Metropolitan Scientists in the Soviet Arctic2019In: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 142-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article investigates how in the Soviet Arctic researchers and indigenous communities searched and understood the mammoth before and during the Cold War. Based on a vast number of published and unpublished sources as well as interviews with scholars and reindeer herders, this article demonstrates that the mammoth as a paleontological find fusing together features of extinct and extant species, plays an in-between role among various environmental epistemologies. The author refers to moments of interactions among these different actors as “environmental encounters,” which comprise and engagement with the physical, political, social and cultural environments of the Arctic. These encounters shape the temporal stabilisations of knowledge which enable the mammoth to live its post-extinct life. The article combines approaches from environmental history and anthropology, history of science and indigenous studies showing the social vitality of a “fossil object”.

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  • 23.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Norra ishavets gåva2020In: Arktiska spår: Natur och kultur i rörelse / [ed] Lotten Gustafsson Reinius, Stockholm: Nordiska museets förlag, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Order Out of Chaos: Anthropology and Politics of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff2019In: Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond / [ed] Anderson, David; Arzyutov, Dmitry; Alymov, Sergei, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 25.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reading Traces and Writing Indigenous Ethnohistories in the Russian North2022In: Histories of Anthropology Annual, University of Nebraska Press, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reassembling the Environmental Archives of the Cold War: Perspectives from the Russian North2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent the environmental history of the Arctic can move beyond the

    divide between Indigenous peoples and newcomers or vernacular and academic

    ways of knowing? The present dissertation answers this question by developing the

    notion of an environmental archive. Such an archive does not have particular reference

    to a given place but rather it refers to the complex network that marks the relations

    between paper documents and human and non-human agencies as they are able to

    work together and stabilise the conceptualisation of a variety of environmental

    objects. The author thus argues that the environment does not only contain

    information about the past but just like any paper (or audio and video) archive is

    able to produce it through the relational nature of human-environment interactions.

    Through the analysis of five case studies from the Russian North, the reader is

    invited to go through various forms of environmental archives which in turn

    embrace histories of a number of disciplines such as palaeontology, biology,

    anthropology, and medicine. Every case or a “layer” is presented here as a contact

    zone where Indigenous and academic forms of knowledge are not opposed to each

    other but, on the contrary, are able to interact and consequently affect the global

    discussions about the Russian Arctic. This transnational context is pivotal for all the

    cases discussed in the dissertation. Moreover, by putting the Cold War with its

    tensions between two superpowers at the chronological center of the present work,

    the author aims to reveal the multidimensionality of in situ interactions with, for

    instance, the paleontological remains or the traces of all-terrain vehicles and their

    involvement into broader science transnational cooperations and competitions. As a

    result, the heterogeneous archives allow us to reconsider the environmental history

    of the Russian North and the wider Arctic and open a new avenue for future research

    transcending the geopolitical and epistemic borders of knowledge production.

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  • 27.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    (Re-)Making the Homo Polaris: Human Acclimatization to Arctic Environments and Soviet Ideologies in Northern Medical LaboratoriesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    (Re-)Making the Homo Polaris: Human Acclimatization to Arctic Environments and Soviet Ideologies in Northern Medical LaboratoriesIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Traces on the Tundra Skin: Politics and Ontologies of Conservation in the Soviet NorthManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Traces on the Tundra Skin: Politics and Ontologies of Conservation in the Soviet NorthIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
    Voices of the Land, Samizdat, and Visionary Politics: On the Social Life of Altai Narratives2018In: Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, ISSN 1061-1959, E-ISSN 1558-092X, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 38-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the social life of narratives within the contemporary Ak-Jang [Ak-Çaŋ] movement of the Altai people of Southern Siberia, based on periodic fieldwork from 2009-2012, with recent updates using the Internet and short trips. The author argues that the Ak-Jang movement, while it has roots and commonalities in the Burkhanist “new religion” of the turn of the twentieth century, also has divergences. While both were politically oppositionist, Ak-Jang members today mobilize against formal, official Buddhism and against outsiders, including tourists. Focus of the article is on written texts, often defending the ecology of sacred lands, stemming from cosmic “messages” received by Ak-Jang members.

  • 32.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anderson, David G.
    ‘Dvoĭnoe poslanie’ ėtnosa: kommentariĭ k stat’e akademika V.A. Tishkova2020In: Ėtnograficheskoe obozrenie, ISSN 0869-5415, no 2, p. 102-106Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anderson, David G.
    Whole Parts: Transnational Life Histories of the Archives of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff2021In: Antropologicheskij forum, ISSN 1815-8870, Vol. 17, no 51, p. 175-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What does an anthropologist’s archive look like? Where is it located? And is the anthropology of archives important for the understanding of anthropological thinking today? Here we answer these questions by analysing the various life histories of the archival fragments of one of the most puzzling and influential anthropologists in the history of Russian and Soviet anthropology: Sergei Mikhailovich Shirokogoroff (1887–1939). Shirokogoroff is credited as being one of the authors of the etnos theory — one of the main instruments of identity politics in Russia, China, Germany and also, in part, Japan and South Africa. The transnational life histories of Shirokogoroff and his wife Elizaveta [Elizabeth] Nikolaevna (1884–1943), and of their ideas, suggests a conception of the archive not as a single whole, but instead as a collection of forgotten, hidden, obliterated, or, on the other hand, scrupulously preserved fragments. These fragments are not centred in one place or organized around any one reading, but they nevertheless represent “partial connections”. Moreover, as we can see today with hindsight, none of these archival fragments lay inert. They have been intertwined in local political and social ontologies. Our text has an autoethnograpic quality. While illustrating separate episodes from the life of the Shirokogoroffs we also will tell of our search for the manuscripts through which we were forced onto strange paths and encounters. These greatly deepened our understanding both of the life of documents and their material links to the lives of researchers. Our article is an attempt to illustrate this complex picture which, in the end, will allow us to conclude that we have only just begun to understand the workings of the anthropologist’s archive in the history of anthropological thought.

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  • 34.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Anderson, DavidPodrezova, Svetlana
    Puteshestvii͡a cherez sibirskui͡u step' i taĭgu k antropologicheskim kont͡sept͡sii͡am: ėtnoistorii͡a Sergei͡a i Elizavety Shirokogorovykh [Journeys through the Siberian Steppes and Taiga to Anthropological Concepts: The Ethno-history of Sergei and Elizabeth Shirokogoroff], in two volumes, volume 12021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. University of Aberdeen.
    Danilina, Lidia
    Ėtnografii͡a ėtnografa: Andreĭ Grigor’evich Danilin i ego arkhivy2020In: Sibirskie istoricheskie issledovaniia, ISSN 2312-4628, no 4, p. 274-325Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 36. Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    et al.
    Kan, Sergei
    The Concept of the ‘Field’ in Early Soviet Ethnography: A Northern Perspective2017In: Sibirica (keele): Interdisciplinary Journal of Siberian Studies, ISSN 1361-7362, E-ISSN 1476-6787, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 31-74Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 37. Davydov, Vladimir
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    Grani sot͡sial'nogo: antropologicheskie perspektivy issledovanii͡a sot͡sial'nykh otnosheniĭ i kul'tury2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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  • 38. Kan, Sergei
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry
    The Saga of The L.H. Morgan Archive, or How an American Marxist Helped Make a Bourgeois Anthropologist the Cornerstone of Soviet Ethnography2016In: Local Knowledge, Global Stage, University of Nebraska Press, 2016, Vol. 10, p. 149-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Losey, Robert J.
    et al.
    Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Tory Building 13-15 HM, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2H4, Canada.
    Nomokonova, Tatiana
    Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Saskatchewan, 55 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5B1, Canada.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Gusev, Andrei
    Scientific Center of Arctic Studies, Respublika St. 20, Salekhard, Iamal-Nenets Autonomous District, Russian Federation.
    Plekhanov, Andrei
    Scientific Center of Arctic Studies, Respublika St. 20, Salekhard, Iamal-Nenets Autonomous District, Russian Federation.
    Fedorova, Natalia
    Scientific Center of Arctic Studies, Respublika St. 20, Salekhard, Iamal-Nenets Autonomous District, Russian Federation.
    Anderson, David
    Department of Anthropology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 4QY, UK.
    Domestication as Enskilment: Harnessing Reindeer in Arctic Siberia2020In: Journal of archaeological method and theory, ISSN 1072-5369, E-ISSN 1573-7764Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study of reindeer domestication provides a unique opportunity to examine how domestication involves more than bodily changes in animals produced through selection. Domestication requires enskilment among humans and animals, and this process of pragmatic learning is dependent on specific forms of material culture. Particularly with the domestication of working animals, the use of such material culture may predate phenotypic and genetic changes produced through selective breeding. The Iamal region of Arctic Siberia is generating an increasingly diverse set of archeological data for reindeer domestication that evidences such processes. Three early sites, Ust’-Polui, Tiutei-Sale I, and Iarte VI, contain artifacts proposed to be parts of headgear worn by transport reindeer, the earliest dating to just over 2000 years ago. Contemporary Nenets reindeer herders scrutinized replicas of these archeological objects, and comparisons with historic reindeer harness parts from Arctic Russia were also made. Nenets consistently interpreted barbed L-shaped antler pieces from Iamal as parts of headgear for training young reindeer in pulling sleds. Some types of swivels were also interpreted as transport reindeer headgear. Based on these consultations with Nenets and observations of their ongoing reindeer domestication practices, we argue that material things such as headgear, harnesses, and sleds are not merely technological means of using or controlling reindeer in transportation but instead were part of the meshwork within which some reindeer became enskilled to being domestic. Domestication of reindeer and other animals involves ongoing efforts, landscapes, and made things, all of which form the environment within which domestic relationships emerge.

  • 40. Nomokonova, Tatiana
    et al.
    Losey, Robert J.
    Fedorova, Natalia V.
    Gusev, Andrei V.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Reindeer Imagery in the Making at Ust’-Polui in Arctic Siberia2021In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 161-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The history of reindeer domestication is a critical topic in the study of human-animal relationships across Northern Eurasia. The Iamal-Nenets region of Arctic Siberia, now a global centre of reindeer pastoralism, has been the subject of much recent research on reindeer domestication. However, tracking the beginnings of reindeer domestication in this region and elsewhere in Eurasia has proved challenging. Archaeological imagery is an under-utilized source of information for exploring animal domestication. In this paper we explore the abundant reindeer imagery found at the Iron Age site of Ust’-Polui in Iamal, dating from ~260 bce to ce 140. While reindeer were hunted in Siberia long before the occupation of Ust’-Polui, portable reindeer imagery appears abruptly at this time period, co-occurring at the site with equipment thought to be for training transport reindeer. Training and working with transport reindeer required long-term engagement with specific animals that became well known and precious to their human keepers. Creating, utilizing and depositing the reindeer imagery objects at Ust’-Polui was a way of acknowledging critical new working relationships with specific domestic reindeer.

  • 41. Røed, Knut H.
    et al.
    Kvie, Kjersti S.
    Losey, Robert J.
    Kosintsev, Pavel A.
    Hufthammer, Anne K.
    Dwyer, Mark J.
    Goncharov, Vasiliy
    Klokov, Konstantin B.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Plekhanov, Andrei
    Anderson, David G.
    Temporal and Structural Genetic Variation in Reindeer (Rangifer Tarandus) Associated with the Pastoral Transition in Northwestern Siberia2020In: Ecology and Evolution, E-ISSN 2045-7758Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42. Siragusa, Laura
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Bol’she, chem musor: ustoĭchivye praktiki vtorichnogo ispol’zovanii͡a materialov sredi korennykh narodov na Rossiĭskom Severe: More Than Waste: Sustainable Practices of Re-Use Among Indigenous People in the Russian North2020In: Arkheologii͡a Arktiki / [ed] Vladimir Pitul'ko and Natalia Fedorova, Omsk , 2020, p. 219-240Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43. Siragusa, Laura
    et al.
    Arzyutov, Dmitry V.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Peter Great Museum Anthropol & Ethnog, Univ Skaya Embankment 3, St Petersburg 199034, Russia.
    Nothing Goes to Waste: Sustainable Practices of Re-Use among Indigenous Groups in the Russian North2020In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 43, p. 41-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few decades, the literature on waste has soared and taken two main directions. Considering the assumption that waste is a natural category, which we need to ‘dispose of’, the scholarship on waste management and its sustainability offers mainly problem-solving propositions (e.g., the 3Rs proposal—re-cycling, re-using, and reducing—or ‘circular economy’). The social scientific waste studies literature takes a more critical stance from its outset and advances a relational account of waste. We aim to bring those two main research streams into dialogue through a presentation of two case studies among indigenous communities in the Russian North. Not only we disclose the hidden biases of the notion of circular economy and other ‘innovative’ problem-solving practices in the waste management literature, but we also propose to pay more attention to non-hegemonic waste practices amongst communities, which are often overlooked in both the waste management and the social studies of waste literature.

1 - 43 of 43
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