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  • 1. Eliasson, Kent
    et al.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Determinants of net migration to rural areas, and the impacts of migration on rural labor markets and self-employment in rural Sweden2015In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 693-709Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Across most of Europe, the countryside seems to show a polarized development in which large districts are depopulating, while certain areas, mainly around big- and mid-sized cities, are increasing in population. The latter development is often described in concepts of “rural gentrification” and “rurbanization”, symbolizing a transformation of rural communities to communities with urban values and lifestyles. Most studies of the effects of these processes have focused on social and cultural consequences, as e.g. the displacements of lower-income households with higher-income residents and of rural culture and values with urban ones. This paper examines the phenomenon from another perspective, namely the effects of the “rurbanization” processes on countryside’s labour markets and economic life. This paper aims at analysing the determinants of net migration to rural areas in general and to different types of regions, and the impacts of inmigration on rural labour markets, self-employment and other socio-economic conditions in Sweden for the period of 2003–2005. We find that net migration into rural areas increases with the size of adjacent local and regional centres, whereas net migration decreases with the average commuting distance of workers in the rural areas. When comparing in-migrants to rural areas with rural area stayers, our results indicate that the former has lower incomes, a lower employment ratio and a lower degree of entrepreneurial activities. These differences could—at least partly—be explained by the fact that rural area stayers were on average 6 years older than rural area inmigrants, i.e. the two groups were in different stages of their life cycles.

  • 2.
    Falck, Simon
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Snickars, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lindblad, Sverker
    Näringsdepartementet / Enheten för regional tillväxt.
    ESPON:s efterfrågestyrda projekt innebär nya möjligheter för samhällsplanerare och forskare2012In: PLAN - Tidskrift för samhällsplanering, ISSN 0032-0560, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 62-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Demographic trends in rural Europe2014In: Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe: The Relational Turn in Rural Development, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014, p. 99-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hållbar Befolkningsutveckling i Mälardalen: En typologi applicerad på utvecklingen i Mälardalen på NUTS5-nivå2010Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Migration and Settlement Patterns among Young People and Families in Swedish Rural and Urban Areas2011In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas / [ed] Kobayashi, K, Westlund, H., Jeong, H., MARG , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Young women and rural exodus - Swedish experiences2016In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 43, p. 291-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Labour market structures which offer fewer options to women than to men, as well as relatively poor educational facilities, are usually mentioned as primary causes for why remote and economically weak regions are affected by selective out-migration and a shortage of young women. This paper is a spin-off from the ESPON-project SEMIGRA - Selective Migration and Unbalanced Sex Ratio in Rural Regions. Its aim is to analyse the out-migration patterns of young women from the Swedish rural region of Västernorrland - with its dual economic and social character - and contrast it to the migration patterns in the expanding Stockholm. The empirical evidence consists of age-specific gross migration data for cohorts in the ages between 18 and 34.By disaggregating the migratory flows during the period 2000-2014 some contrasting results can be shown. Net out-migration is only a reality in the ages between 18 and 24, while the opposite is true in the ages 25-29 and 30-34. This indicates that the 'problem' of out-migration of young women is connected to the pursuit of education and moving to more female-friendly labour markets. In the household creating ages there seems to be a return-migration flow, with net in-migration as one consequence. In the dualistic region of Västernorrland this was particularly evident, especially in the more densely populated coastal areas. It is also highlighted that immigration of both women and men hamper the population decrease and sometimes also result in population increase even if the internal migration is negative for all communities.The dual character of Västernorrland region is also highlighted, and the differing municipalities and cities are analysed. Here, different migratory patterns amongst young women seem to be related to economic, social, behavioural, and demographic structures that also accentuate the dualistic character if the region.

  • 7.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Borges, Luciane
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Olsson, Krister
    Regional City: a conceptual model from the perspective of local place2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Copus, Andrew K
    Relationships between demographic change and economic restructuring in rural Europe at the beginning of the 21st century2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Nilsson, P.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Migration and Ageing in Expanding and Shrinking European Regions2018In: Advances in Spatial Science, Springer International Publishing , 2018, p. 107-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is in a phase of vast transition regarded both from a demographic and economic-structural point of view. Studies have shown that demographic development differs a lot when comparing urban regions with more sparsely populated peripheral regions. These diverging patterns are shown to be especially strong in the northern and eastern parts of Europe where a redistribution of people contributes to a concentration process to the metropolitan or big city areas as well as to shrinkage and depopulating of rural and peripheral areas. This paper empirically addresses these differing demographic development paths by analyzing the influence of key underlying demographic factors on population change across European regions. For the stated purpose the paper applies typologies based on both economic and demographic structure and a cross-regional regression model. The economic-structural typology developed within the ESPON/EDORA-project is used to describe and analyze economic-structural factors and a typology based on demographic characteristics that classify regions as either shrinking or expanding in terms of population is used in the empirical assessment. Findings indicate that age structure is of importance with regard to population changes and there exists an east-west divide between the growing west and declining east where the declining sectors are more frequent. It is also shown that large and densely populated regions have better preconditions for growth and fewer risks for shrinking than small and sparsely populated ones.

  • 10.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    European Urban-Rural Relations – A Multifaceted Concept.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Reardon, Mitchel
    Mental Maps of Europe from Historical Non-Eurocentric Perspectives2011Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Westlund, Hans
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Eliasson, Kent
    Labour Market Aspects of the “New Rurality: Employment, Commuting and Entrepreneurship in Rural Sweden2010In: Social Capital and Development Trends in Rural Areas / [ed] Westlund, H., Kobayashi, K, MARG , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Regional Settlement Patterns for 10 Immigrant groups in Sweden 1975-20052010In: Finnish Journal of Ethnicity and Migration, ISSN 1796-6582, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 19-28Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Sex Differences in the Regional Settlement Patterns of Immigrants to Sweden 1967-20052012Report (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Regional Settlement Patterns of Immigrants to Sweden 1967-2005 by Age2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Regional Settlement Patterns of Immigrants to Sweden 1967-2005 by Age2011In: Yearbook of Finnish Population Research, ISSN 1796-6183, Vol. XLVI, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Regional Settlement Patterns of Immigrants to Sweden 1967-2005 by Sex2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Westlund, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Eliasson, Kent
    "New Rurality": Employment, Commuting and Entrepreneurship in Rural Sweden2011In: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, ISSN 1939-1250, E-ISSN 1939-1269, p. 839-852Article in journal (Other academic)
1 - 18 of 18
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