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  • 1. Lind, M. C.
    et al.
    Sadrizadeh, Sasan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Venås, B.
    Sadeghian, Parastoo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Wang, Cong
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Harsem, T. T.
    Minimizing the airborne particle migration to the operating room during door opening2019In: Proceedings 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in Buildings, IAQVEC, Institute of Physics Publishing , 2019, no 3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Airborne bacteria that enter an open wound during surgery can result in post-operative infections, commonly referred to as surgical site infections (SSIs). The level of contaminants is usually lower in the operating rooms (ORs) in contrast to adjacent corridors. Penetration of particles carrying bacteria through the doorway during a door opening gives rise to the OR contaminant level as door-opening and passage may occur every 2.5 minutes during a given surgical activity. The authors had previously conducted a successful research study to reduce the contaminant migration from an anteroom, through the doorway, into an Airborne Infection Isolation Room (AIIR). In contrast to the AIIRs, the ORs are usually over-pressured related to the surrounding environments. However, both ORs and AIIRs share the same interest in avoiding air exchange between the room and the adjacent space. This paper, built upon the previous research achievement, proposes an innovative design solution to reduce the bacteria penetration to the ORs during a door opening and staff passage. Previously achieved results from CFD simulation and laboratory measurement confirmed that installing a ventilation unit that supplies a high air volume into the OR through low-velocity wall diffusers, may significantly reduce the contaminant migration to the OR during door-opening activities.

  • 2.
    Polak, Joanna
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Danish Bldg Res Inst, AC Meyers Vaenge 15, DK-2450 Copenhagen SV, Denmark..
    Afshari, Alireza
    Aalborg Univ, Danish Bldg Res Inst, AC Meyers Vaenge 15, DK-2450 Copenhagen SV, Denmark..
    Sadeghian, Parastoo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Wang, Cong
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Sadrizadeh, Sasan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Improving the performance of heat valve ventilation system: A study on the provided thermal environment2019In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 164, article id UNSP 106338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study presents and evaluates the performance of two types of supply air terminal devices applied in a heat valve ventilation (HVV) system with regard to the provided thermal environment in a room heated and ventilated by the HVV system. To that end, air temperature and air velocity patterns and local thermal discomfort due to draught were studied both experimentally and numerically. Using numerical simulations, parametric analysis was carried out for investigating the provided indoor thermal environment for a wider range of boundary conditions. The considered parameters included the influence of cold vertical surfaces, supply airflow rate and temperature, and room heating energy demand. The results showed that both of the applied air terminal devices could avoid temperature stratification within the occupied zone. The maximum air temperature difference between 0.1 and 1.8 m above the floor was 2.1 degrees C when using a circular valve placed in the external wall below the window and 2.6 degrees C in the case when the air was supplied through three nozzles located in the wall opposite to the window in the upper part of the room. In general, placing the air terminal device below the window provided more uniform air temperature distribution and contributed to the prevention of downdraught caused by a cold window surface. The outcomes of this study are relevant to selecting and designing ventilation and air heating systems for low-energy buildings.

  • 3.
    Sadeghian, Parastoo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Polak, J.
    Afshari, A.
    Sadrizadeh, Sasan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Numerical investigation on the impact of different supply air terminal devices on the performance of the newly combined ventilation and heating system2019In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2019, no 5, article id 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in Buildings, IAQVEC 2019; Bari; Italy; 5 September 2019 through 7 September 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increased focus on energy saving has led to a rapid development of energy-efficient buildings. In the residential buildings, space heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) have the highest energy use. The ventilation system is the main tool to provide acceptable indoor air quality and thermal comfort for occupants. This study presents an investigation of the thermal environment in a room served by new developed, combined ventilation and heating system. The focus is on different configurations of the supply air terminal device in the studied system. The main goal is to investigate the influence of different supply air parameters, which in this study are flowrate and temperature, on the airflow behaviour and performance of the mixing ventilation. In this regards, three different supply air conditions with two inlet configurations were considered. This work has been carried out numerically and validated with the laboratory measurements. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation was applied in this study to map the airflow patterns and air temperature distribution. The results showed that decreasing supply air temperature and increasing the flowrate provided a uniform temperature distribution for both inlet configurations. Inlet configuration investigated in case1 has lower vertical temperature differences in comparison with case 2.

  • 4.
    Sadeghian, Parastoo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Wang, Cong
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Duwig, Christophe
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.
    Sadrizadeh, Sasan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Impact of surgical lamp design on the risk of surgical site infections inoperating rooms with mixing and unidirectional airflow ventilationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Wang, Cong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Sadeghian, Parastoo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Sadrizadeh, Sasan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Sustainable Buildings.
    Effect of staff number on the bacteria contamination in operating rooms with temperature-controlled airflow ventilation and turbulent mixing ventilation2019In: Proceedings of Building Simulation 2019: 16th Conference of IBPSA, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
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