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  • 1.
    A Asif, Farazee M
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Bianchi, Carmine
    University of Palermo (ITALY) Faculty of Political Sciences - Department of International Studies .
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Performance analysis of the closed loop supply chain2012Ingår i: Journal of Remanufacturing, ISSN 2210-4690, Vol. 2, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The question of resource scarcity and emerging pressure of environmental legislations has brought a new challenge for the manufacturing industry. On the one hand, there is a huge population that demands a large quantity of commodities; on the other hand, these demands have to be met by minimum resources and pollution. Resource conservative manufacturing (ResCoM) is a proposed holistic concept to manage these challenges. The successful implementation of this concept requires cross functional collaboration among relevant fields, and among them, closed loop supply chain is an essential domain. The paper aims to highlight some misconceptions concerning the closed loop supply chain, to discuss different challenges, and in addition, to show how the proposed concept deals with those challenges through analysis of key performance indicators (KPI).

    Methods

    The work presented in this paper is mainly based on the literature review. The analysis of performance of the closed loop supply chain is done using system dynamics, and the Stella software has been used to do the simulation. Findings The results of the simulation depict that in ResCoM; the performance of the closed loop supply chain is much enhanced in terms of supply, demand, and other uncertainties involved. The results may particularly be interesting for industries involved in remanufacturing, researchers in the field of closed loop supply chain, and other relevant areas. Originality The paper presented a novel research concept called ResCoM which is supported by system dynamics models of the closed loop supply chain to demonstrate the behavior of KPI in the closed loop supply chain.

  • 2.
    Abdullah Asif, Farazee Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Minimizing Uncertainty Involved in Designing the Closed-loop Supply Network for Multiple-lifecycle of Products2010Ingår i: Annals Of DAAAM for 2010 & Proceedings of 21st DAAAM Symposium: Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation / [ed] Branko Katalinic, Zadar: DAAAM International , 2010, s. 1055-1056Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To ensure multiple-lifecycle of products through remanufacturing intervention requires a well-functioning closed-loop supply network. Generally, the unpredictability of quantity, timing and quality (physical/functional) of the returned products and demand fluctuation of the remanufactured products are the main sources of uncertainty of closed-loop supply network. To some extent, efficient recollection strategies and separate distribution channels for remanufactured products can minimize the uncertainty. Nevertheless, efficient recollection does not necessarily close the loop if the recovered products do not enter into the main stream of the supply network. Beside, products that are distributed through separate channels create an open loop. Thus, the problem of uncertainty remains unsolved. The aim of this paper is to propose solutions to minimize the uncertainty involved in designing a well-functioning closed-loop supply network using the system dynamics principle and tool.

  • 3.
    Abdullah Asif, Farazee Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Bianchi, C.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    System dynamics models for decision making in product multiple lifecycles2015Ingår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 101, s. 20-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main drivers for adopting product multiple lifecycles are to gain ecological and economic advantages. However, in most of the cases it is not straight forward to estimate the potential ecological and economic gain that may result from adopting product multiple lifecycles. Even though many researchers have concluded that product multiple lifecycles result in gain, there are examples which indicate that the gain is often marginal or even none in many cases. The purpose of this research is to develop system dynamics models that can assist decision makers in assessing and analysing the potential gain of product multiple lifecycles considering the dynamics of material scarcity. The foundation of the research presented in this paper is laid based on literature review. System dynamics principles have been used for modelling and simulations have been done on Stella iThink platform. The data used in the models have been extracted from different reports published by World Steel Association and U.S. Geological Survey. Some of the data have been assumed based on expert estimation. The data on iron ore reserves, iron and steel productions and consumptions have been used in the models. This research presents the first system dynamics model for decision making in product multiple lifecycles which takes into consideration the dynamics of material scarcity. Physical unavailability and price of material are the two main factors that would drive product multiple lifecycles approach and more sustainable decisions can be made if it is done by taking holistic system approach over longer time horizon. For an enterprise it is perhaps not attractive to conserve a particular type of material through product multiple lifecycles approach which is naturally abundant but extremely important if the material becomes critical. An enterprise could through engineering, proper business model and marketing may increase the share of multiple lifecycle products which eventually would help the enterprise to reduce its dependency on critical materials.

  • 4.
    Abdullah Asif, Farazee Mohammad
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Semere, Daniel Tesfamariam
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Haumann, M.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    METHODS ANALYSIS OF REMANUFACTURING OPTIONS FOR REPEATED LIFECYCLE OF STARTERS AND ALTERNATORS2010Ingår i: 7th International DAAAM Baltic Conference"INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING"22-24 April 2010, Tallinn, Estonia / [ed] R. Kyttner, Estonia: Tallinn University of Technology , 2010, s. 340-345Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Design for Repeatedly Utilization (DFRU) is a proposed conceptto be used in the product realizationprocess to ensure optimum useable life (forinstance in terms of economy, resourceusage, environmental impact etc.) ofproducts or parts of products enablingmultiple lifecycle. In the DFRU approachproducts are restored as new like productsthrough remanufacturing processes. Theterm remanufacturing has been interpreteddifferently by different researchers and theindustries that are involved inremanufacturing business use differentapproaches to remanufacture theirproducts. In this paper the starter motorand alternator of automotives has beenused to demonstrate the novel concepts.The purpose of this paper is to expresswhat remanufacturing means in ourconcept, model their major lifecycleaspects and create a simulation modelfrom it. This is a preliminary work towardsdefining and specifying the processes,methods and design properties in DFRU.The work will be further extended to aholistic business model which can facilitateDFRU approach in an efficient way. Infuture the model will be developed andadopted to create new models for otherproducts appropriate for remanufacturingand eventually DFRU.

  • 5.
    Adane, Tigist Fetene
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi. KTH.
    Bianchi, Maria Floriana
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Archenti, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Design and Management of Manufacturing Systems, DMMS.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Performance evaluation of machining strategy for engine-block manufacturing2015Ingår i: Performance evaluation of machining strategy for engine-block manufacturing, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 81-102Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will introduce a novel methodology for the performance evaluation of machining strategies of engine block manufacturing. The manufacturing of engine components is vital to the automotive and vehicle manufacturing industries. Machining is critical processes in the production of these parts. To survive and excel in the competitive manufacturing environment, companies need to improve as well as update their machining processes and evaluate the performance of their machining lines. Moreover, the lines and processes have to be robust in handling different sources of variation over time that include such examples as demand fluctuations, work-piece materials or even any changes in design specifications. A system dynamics modelling and simulation approach has been deployed to develop a methodology that captures how machining system parameters from the machining process are interacted with each other, how these connections drive performance and how new targets affect process and machine tool parameters through time. The developed model could provide an insight of how to select the crucial machining system parameters and to identify the effect of those parameters on the output of the system. In response to such an analysis, this paper provides (offers) a framework to examine machining strategies and has presented model that is useful as a decision support system for the evaluation and selection of machining strategies. Here a system dynamics methodology for modelling is applied to the milling operation and the model is based on an actual case study from the engine-block manufacturing industry.

  • 6.
    Adane, Tigist Fetene
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nafisi, Mariam
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Asif, Farazee M. A.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Semere, Daniel T.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    System dynamics analysis of energy usage: Case studies in automotive manufacturing2012Ingår i: SPS12 conference proceedings, 2012, s. 1-9Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our life is strongly linked with the usage of natural resources. Energy is a necessity in everyday life and is often generated using non-renewable natural resources which are finite. Energy consumption in manufacturing industry is increasing and the way it is consumed is not sustainable. There is great concern about minimizing consumption of energy in manufacturing industry to sustain the natural carrying capacity of the ecosystem. This is one of the challenges in today’s industrial world.In this paper two case studies have been carried out in crankshaft machining and cylinder head casting processes. The outcome of this research enables the company to identify potential avenues to optimize energy usage and offers a decision support tool.

  • 7.
    Adane, Tigist Fetene
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi. KTH.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    System dynamics analysis of energy usage: Case studies in automotive manufacturing2014Ingår i: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, ISSN 1750-0591, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 131-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our life is strongly linked with the usage of natural resources. With increase in world population and welfare there is an increasing global demand for raw material. Energy is a necessity in everyday life and is often generated using non-renewable natural resources which are finite. Manufacturing is one of the largest energy and material resource consumers. There is great concern about minimising consumption of energy in manufacturing industry to sustain the natural carrying capacity of the ecosystem. This is one of the challenges in today’s industrial world. The paper presents the application of system dynamics theory for modelling and simulation of complex manufacturing processes. The simulations help to understand the intricate nature of the interrelation of process parameter and to make sound decision about minimising the energy losses. Two case studies are presented, one in cylinder head casting processes and the other in crankshaft machining. The developed models provide an insight into how to select critical operations and to identify the effect of various parameters on the energy consumption. Also, the models help to understand how changes of parameters over time affect the behaviour of energy changes. The outcome of this research enables the company to identify potential avenues to minimise energy usage and offers a decision support tool.

  • 8.
    Adane, Tigist Fetene
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    System dynamics as a decision support system for machine tool selection2016Ingår i: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 102-125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The worldwide competitive economy, the increase in sustainable issue and investment of new production line is demanding companies to choose the right machine from the available ones. An improper selection can negatively affect the overall performance of the manufacturing system like productivity, quality, cost and company’s responsive manufacturing capabilities. Thus, selecting the right machine is desirable and substantial for the company to sustain competitive in the market. The ultimate objective of this paper is to formulate a framework for machining strategy and also provide methodology for selecting machine tool from two special purpose machine tools in consideration of interaction of attributes. A decision support system for the selection of machine tool is developed. It evaluates the performance of the machining process and enhances the manufacturer (decision maker) to select the machine with respect to the performance and the pre-chosen criteria. Case study was conducted in a manufacturing company. A system dynamics modelling and simulation techniques is demonstrated towards efficient selection of machine tool that satisfy the future requirement of engine-block production.

  • 9.
    Adane, Tigist
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi. KTH.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Towards a Generic Framework for the Performance Evaluation of Manufacturing Strategy: An Innovative Approach2018Ingår i: Towards a Generic Framework for the Performance Evaluation of Manufacturing Strategy: An Innovative Approach, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 131-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To be competitive in a manufacturing environment by providing optimal performance in terms of cost-effectiveness and swiftness of system changes, there is a need for flexible production systems based on a well-defined strategy. Companies are steadily looking for methodology to evaluate, improve and update the performance of manufacturing systems for processing operations. Implementation of an adequate strategy for these systems’ flexibility requires a deep understanding of the intricate interactions between the machining process parameters and the manufacturing system’s operational parameters. This paper proposes a framework/generic model for one of the most common metal cuttingoperations—the boring process of an engine block machining system. A system dynamics modelling approach is presented for modelling the structure of machining system parameters of the boring process, key performance parameters and their intrinsic relationships. The model is based on a case study performed in a company manufacturing engine blocks for heavy vehicles. The approach could allow for performance evaluation of an engine block manufacturing system condition. The presented model enables a basis for other similar processes and industries producing discrete parts.

  • 10.
    Alazar, Abebayehu Seifu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Werner, Mathias
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Development of cutting force measurement system used in gear hobbing2011Ingår i: Proceedings Of The ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences And Computers And Information In Engineering Conference, 2011, Vol 8, ASME Press, 2011, s. 47-52Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing demands for high quality and high performance gear manufacturing are reflected in a need for a model based investigation of gear hobbing process. This paper presents the development of a system for online measurement of actual cutting force components during gear hobbing. Although there are a large number of well developed cutting force measuring systems for different machining operations available in the market, it is difficult to find a system tailored to the requirements of a gear hobbing process. Hence, a fixture containing piezoelectric dynamometer and telemetry device is developed. The fixture is designed taking the real machining circumstances into consideration. The telemetry system enables wireless measurement of cutting force while machining. Multiphysics finite element analysis and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) are used as tools for modeling, simulation, and calibration of the developed system. Final stage of this work includes conducting hobbing experiments to validate both the model and the force measurement system.

  • 11.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Recursive estimation of machine tool structure dynamic properties2010Ingår i: CIRP International Conference on High Performance Cutting, / [ed] Tojiro Aoyama, Yoshimi Takeuchi, Gifu, 2010, s. 365-370Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s highly competitive environment there is a need for fast and accurate methods to assess the capability of manufacturing units. The traditional estimation of the dynamic properties of machine tools is usually time consuming and assumes time-invariant properties. This paper introduces a method for analyzing machine tool structure dynamic properties by recursive estimation of modal and operational parameters. A contact-less excitation system and a specially designed tool were employed to enable spindle speed sweep. The primary contribution of this paper lies within the formulation and implementation of recursive parametric models for tracking the time-varying dynamic properties of a machine tool structure.

  • 12.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Accuracy analysis of machine tools using Elastically Linked Systems2013Ingår i: CIRP annals, ISSN 0007-8506, E-ISSN 1726-0604, Vol. 62, nr 1, s. 503-506Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper introduces the concept of Elastically Linked Systems (ELS) to directly relate the machine tool positional and static accuracy to the machined part’s geometric errors and form deviation. Practical implementation of the ELS concept resulted in a novel test equipment, Loaded Double Ball Bar (LDBB) which is a precision mechatronic device with variable load. The test method based on the device is able to reveal machine tool characteristics not obtainable with existing methods as for instance the variation of stiffness in the entire working space. The LDBB is used to experimentally evaluate the stiffness and the corresponding accuracy of five machine tools.

  • 13.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Design and Management of Manufacturing Systems, DMMS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Design and Management of Manufacturing Systems, DMMS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Evaluation of machining system dynamic stiffness2007Ingår i: Swedish Production Symposium: Gothenburg, Sweden, 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s test methods are analysing machine tool specific characteristics but leaves out to a great deal the machining process. In this paper an evaluation method for determining machining system dynamic characteristics is discussed. For machine capability analysis, the overall elastic structure must be considered, i.e., machine tool – fixture – workpiece – toolholder – tool. Regarding dynamic behaviour of machining systems, the stability can only be evaluated through the interaction between the two subsystems, elastic structure and cutting process. In order to analyse the join machining system, stochastic discrete models, ARMA models are used to identify the stability of the join system, elastic structure – machining process.

  • 14.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Design and Management of Manufacturing Systems, DMMS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Design and Management of Manufacturing Systems, DMMS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Evaluation of machining system static stiffness2007Ingår i: Swedish Production Symposium: Gothenburg, Sweden, 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of test methods used for determine a machining systems status, are machine tool oriented and do not take into consideration the characteristics of the machining process. In this paper an evaluation method for determining a machining system static characteristics are discussed. The importance of joint stiffness and damping in elastic structures of machine tool is emphasized. In this context the new type of double ball bar (DBB) is described which applies a preload on the structure, thus creating more realistic conditions for accuracy measurements. Also, for machine capability analysis, the overall elastic structure must be considered, i.e., machine tool-fixture-workpiece-tool holder-tool.

  • 15.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Model-Based Identification of Dynamic Characteristics of the Join System Elastic Structure - Cutting Process2008Ingår i: The Internationl Swedish Production Symposium, Stockholm, 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Model-based Identification of Dynamic Stability of Machining System2008Ingår i: 1st International Conference on Process Machine Interaction - Proceedings, 2008, s. 41-52Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Model-Based Identification of Manufacturing Processes Operational Dynamic Parameters2009Ingår i: The Annals of Univeritym of Galati / [ed] V. Paunoiu, Galati, 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Recursive estimation of operational dynamic parameters in milling using acoustic signal2010Ingår i: International Conference on Process Machine Interactions / [ed] Y. Altintas, Vancouver, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The key concept of the identification procedure in this paper is to find a feature of the measured random response (sound pressure) that can be used to discriminate between stable and unstable process-machine interaction (PMI) in milling. The dynamic condition of the machining system is represented by the operational dynamic parameters (ODP), which refer to the contribution of the structural vibration modes and process vibration modes resulting during machining system operation. It is shown that the sound pressure level acquired by a microphone, located in the machine’s working area, is able to follow rapid changes in the process dynamics and therefore may be used as input in the recursive estimation scheme. The primary contribution of this paper lies within the formulation and implementation of recursive parametric models for the study of the real-time dynamics of a face milling operation PMI. A comparison between the experimental, simulated, and identified results is outlined.

  • 19.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Hjelm, Sven
    Scania CV AB, Production Engineering Research, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Johansson, Sverker
    CE Johansson AB, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Loaded double ball bar for capability testing of NC machine toolsManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel test device for the evaluation of the accuracy of NC machine tools. The design concept is similar to a double ball bar (DBB) with the difference that an adjustable load generated by the device can be applied between spindle nose and machine tool table. This load eliminates the play existing in machine tool joints, thus reproducing the testing conditions that exist during machining. Collected data can be used to plot diagrams displaying important aspects of machine tool performance and a number of key figures such as static stiffness may be determined. The data can also be used for trend analysis; to predict any accuracy problems, and further to conduct preventive maintenance instead of emergency calls. The determined static behaviour could also be used to improve digital models for process simulations and compensation of errors caused by deflection.

  • 20.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Lundholm, Thomas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Virtual machining system engine for validation of realtime identification schems2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to introduce a novel methodology, based on a finite element (FE) computation engine for validating of real-time identification schemes applied in machining. FE modelling of the milling process has the purpose of being accountable for a thorough validation of the parametric identification approach, and of providing a good physical insight into the phenomena investigated. The system considered here has a lower number of degree-of-freedoms which permits a thorough analysis. However, when taking into account the system’s nonlinear and time-varying nature, it is clear that the results are far from being trivial. Therefore, the analysis of the milling process, taking into account nonlinearities restricting the growth of response amplitudes in the case of chatter-type instability, provides some intrinsic information of the basic features on the system that might be of both fundamental interest and practical use.

  • 21.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    A top-down equivalent stiffness approach for prediction of deviation sources in machine tool joints2017Ingår i: CIRP annals, ISSN 0007-8506, E-ISSN 1726-0604Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The accuracy of machine tools is affected to a large extent by the behavior of the system's joints. In this paper the equivalent stiffness approach identifies and calculates the contribution of joint error sources to the total deviation measured between toolholder and workpiece under loaded conditions. The force–deviation functions are measured at different locations in the machine workspace. Joint deviations are then computed and compared with results obtained from measurements. The results show the effectiveness of the proposed method in determining joint errors in machines.

  • 22.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nonparametric identificationof stiffness and damping in nonlinear machining systems2013Ingår i: / [ed] Andreas Archenti, Antonio Maffei, 2013, s. 317-327Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for enhanced performance of production systems in terms of quality, cost and reliability is ever increasing while, at the same time, there is a demand for shorter design cycles, longer operating life, minimisation of inspection and maintenanceneeds. Experimental testing and system identification in operational conditions still represent an important technique for monitoring, control and optimization. The term identification refers in the present paper to theextraction of information from experimental data and is used to estimate operational dynamic parameters for machining system. Such approach opens up the possibility of monitoring the dynamics of machining system during operational conditions, and to be used for control and/or predictive purposes

  • 23.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Statistical dynamics – analysis of machining systems operational conditions2019Ingår i: Leading-edge research and engineering development whithin advanced chatter vibration theoryY / [ed] Yoshimi ITO, Japan: Machine Tool Engineering Foundation , 2019, 1, s. 118-191Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter the subject of statistical dynamics are discussed and non-parametric and parametric models for machining system identification are derived. The common characteristic for all discussed models is that they may be used for computing the operational dynamic parameters (ODP) of the closed loop machining system. Though the input to these models originates from the machining operations, not all models can be implemented for real-time identification. Generally, non-parametric models may be used solely for off-line identification, i.e., first recording the vibration signal from machining operations and then analysing the signal and identifying the nature of the excitation. Parametric models implemented in recursive algorithms are used for real-time identification of machining systems dynamic characteristics. 

    The main objectives of the chapter are: (i) the development of parametric and non-parametric models based on identification techniques with the purpose of integrating into a single step within the estimation of dynamic parameters characterising the machining system, (ii) in non-parametric identification, implementing techniques for ODPs and random excitation estimation, (iii) in parametric identification, the development of the recursive computational model of the machining system based on the data obtained during the actual operational regime. Through these contributions, a step is taken beyond the classical approach to analyse the dynamics of a machining system by separately identifying the structural and process parameters. In the proposed process, the two substructures, tool/toolholder and workpiece/fixture, are coupled, in addition to the open loop (elastic structure of the machine tool), by a feedback loop closing the energy loop, through the thermoplastic chip formation mechanism.

    The machining system can only be completely analysed only in closed loop i.e. in operational conditions since specially designed off-line experiments with controlled input, such as modal testing, give the response from only the open loop.

  • 24.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Casterman, Guillaume
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Hjelm, Sven
    A new method for circular testing of machine tools under loaded condition2012Ingår i: Fifth CIRP Conference On High Performance Cutting 2012 / [ed] Konrad Wegener, Elsevier, 2012, s. 575-580Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel test device for the evaluation of the accuracy of machine tools. The design concept is similar to a double ball bar (DBB) with the difference that an adjustable load generated by the device can be applied between spindle nose and machine tool table. The device, called Loaded Double Ball Bar (LDBB), can be used either as an ordinary double ball bar system with no load applied to the structure, or with a predefined load applied to the structure. The load that is generated by the LDBB is generally not equivalent to real cutting forces. However, from the static deflection point of view the effect of the load on the machine tool structure has similar impact on the static behaviour of the system. For instance, the load can in some cases eliminate existing play in ball screws, plays that under normal machining condition will be eliminated by the effect of cutting forces on the structure. With the help of this test device, not only can the identifiable errors by an ordinary DBB be evaluated but also machine tool elastic deflection in different directions. It is also possible to track different error patterns to the applied load.

  • 25.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Lundholm, Thomas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Virtual Machining System Engine for Simulation of Process Machine Interaction2012Ingår i: Modern Machinery Science Journal, ISSN 1803-1269, Vol. March, s. 310-314Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to introduce a novel methodology, based on a finite element (FE) computation engine for simulation of process machine interaction occurring in machining systems. FE modelling of the milling process has the purpose of being accountable for a thorough validation of the parametric identification approach, and of providing a good physical insight into the phenomena investigated. The system considered here has a lower number of degree-of-freedoms which permits a thorough analysis. However, when taking into account the system’s nonlinear and time-varying nature, it is apparent that the results are far from being trivial. Therefore, the analysis of the milling process, taking into account nonlinearities restricting the growth of response amplitudes in the case of chatter-type instability, provides some intrinsic information of the basic features on the system that might be of both fundamental interest and practical use.

  • 26.
    Archenti, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Österlind, Tomas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Evaluation and Representation of Machine tool Deformations2011Ingår i: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 118-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel test concept for the evaluation of the accuracy of NC machine tools. The evaluation of machine tools deformations is performed by help of a device similar to the double ball bar (DBB) with the difference that an adjustable load generated by the device can be applied between spindle nose and machine tool table. This load eliminates the play existing in machine tool joints, thus reproducing the testing conditions that exist during machining. Collected data are used to plot diagrams displaying characteristic aspects of achine tool performance and a number of key figures such as static stiffness may be etermined. The data can also be used for trend analysis; to predict any accuracy deviations, and further to conduct preventive maintenance instead of emergency calls. The determined static behaviour could also be used to improve digital models for process simulations and compensation of errors that are caused by deflection.

  • 27.
    Asif, Farazee
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Tesfamariam Semere, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    A Novel Concept for End-of-life Vehicles2009Ingår i: Proceeding of the International 3’rd Swedish Production Symposium, 2009, s. 325-331Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 28.
    Bayard, Ove
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Areskoug, Magnus
    DESIGNING AN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR EUROPEAN PRODUCTION ENGINEERS2007Ingår i: Swedish Production Symposium, Gothenburg, 28th-30th August, 2007, 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Granted by the EU Programme Leonardo da Vinci, a two-year pilot project, EPRODEC (European Production Engineering Certification) has been started. The aim of EPRODEC is to provide an appropriate “European Label” to the graduates of the accredited Production Engineering (PE) programme. The objective is to develop an accreditation system and organization that will implement the certification process for education and training within the field of Production Engineering all over Europe. Creating a unified accreditation system will make it easier to compare qualifications and skills. The paper presents some of the ideas behind EPRODEC and the first results.

  • 29.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Archenti, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Analytical Modelling of CGI Machining System Dynamic Behaviour2009Ingår i: Proceedings of The Internationl 3´rd Swedish Production Symposium / [ed] B.G. Rosén, Göteborg: The Swedish Production Academy , 2009, s. 348-357Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 30.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Grenmyr, G.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Kaminski, J.
    Analysis of compacted graphite iron machining by investigation of tool temperature and cutting force2008Ingår i: 1st International Conference on Process Machine Interactions: Hannover, Germany, 2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Investigation of the Effect of Microstructures on CGI Machining2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this investigation is to evaluate the effect of microstructures on CGI machining and to compare to gray iron reference material. Special designed workpieces, to reproduce real situations, were machined in face milling. The project planning was based on factorial analysis of design of experiments. The results showed that the strongest parameter affecting tool life is the pearlite content. Furthermore it is clear that due to imprecision of manufacturing process it is difficult to obtain test specimens with homogenous microstructures and corresponding varying mechanical properties, when the specimen presents a complex geometrical form. Thin sections found in walls tend to have higher nodularity, resulting in spherical graphite. To refine the investigation of the effect of microstructures on CGI machining it would be preferred to use test specimens without holes or slots to minimise noise in the factor analysis.

  • 32.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Richnau, Kerstin
    Scania CV AB, Materials Technology.
    Effect of carbide promoting elements on CGI material processing2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the CIRP 2nd International Conference Process Machine Interactions, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to environmental regulations, the industry uses both new and recycled material for the casting of new components. In the heavy truck industry, great effort is put into the purchasing of “good quality” recycled/scrap material to be used for casting CGI (compacted graphite iron) cylinder blocks and cylinder heads. Scrap material with a large concentration of carbide promoting elements reduces the machinability drastically due to carbides. The effect of carbide promoting elements on CGI machinability needs to be investigated in order to produce high quality engine components in an economically satisfactory way. This study presents the effect of the carbide promoting elements of chromium, manganese and molybdenum on CGI material processing. 17 unique CGI materials with different material chemical composition were studied. Material testing, milling experiments and image analysis of microstructure were performed on all materials, mapping the process machine interaction. The results show that all carbide promoting elements, but especially chromium, reduce the tool life in CGI milling. The results also illustrate the interaction between concentration of carbide promoting elements, material strength and machinability.

  • 33.
    Berglund, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Svensson, Henrik
    Swerea SWECAST AB.
    The Effect of Interlamellar Distance in Pearlite on CGI Machining2009Ingår i: ICME 2009: International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, 2009, s. 33-44Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish truck industry is investigating the possibilityfor implementing the use of Compacted Graphite Iron (CGI) in theirheavy duty diesel engines. Compared to the alloyed gray iron usedtoday, CGI has superior mechanical properties but not as goodmachinability. Another issue that needs to be addressed whenimplementing CGI is the inhomogeneous microstructure when thecast component has different section thicknesses, as in cylinderblocks. Thinner sections results in finer pearlite, in the material, withhigher strength. Therefore an investigation on its influence onmachinability was needed. This paper focuses on the effect thatinterlamellar distance in pearlite has on CGI machinability andmaterial physical properties. The effect of pearlite content andnodularity is also examined. The results showed that interlamellardistance in pearlite did not have as large effect on the materialphysical properties or machinability as pearlite content. The paperalso shows the difficulties of obtaining a homogeneousmicrostructure in inhomogeneous workpieces.

  • 34.
    Boud, Fathi
    et al.
    University of Nottingham.
    Bayard, Ove
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Chatti, Sami
    University of Dortmund.
    Axinte, Dragos
    University of Nottingham.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Agirre, Jaione
    Centro Technologico Tekniker.
    A new approach in standardising a European curriculum in production engineering2009Ingår i: European Journal of Engineering Education, ISSN 0304-3797, E-ISSN 1469-5898, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 487-496Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for a flexible and versatile workforce that is constantly learning and upgrading its skills has led to a continual demand for courses in which employees are re-trained and updated on a lifelong basis. Students and workers now have to be prepared for a labour market in which they can be expected to change jobs many times, and they need to acquire appropriate skills that are transferable and portable across sectors, countries and cultures. This paper presents a new approach to unifying a European curriculum for production engineering. The paper discusses the background, developments, module structure, testing and ongoing work that is carried out in the European Production Engineering Certification project – a two year pilot project granted by the European Union Programme Leonardo da Vinci.

  • 35. Chatti, S.
    et al.
    Tekkaya, E.
    Bayard, Ove
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Unified course design for European production engineers2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on e-Learning, ECEL 2008, Academic Conferences Limited, 2008, s. 198-202Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, the mobility among production engineers is very low, partly because the education and training level differs considerably among EU countries, being almost beyond comparison. To increase the mobility and to unify the production engineering education in Europe at BSc-level a two-year pilot project, "European Production Engineering Certification" (EPRODEC), which is granted by the EU Programme Leonardo da Vinci, has been started. Partners of EPRODEC are institutes from Universities and the industry sector as well as engineering associations in Sweden, Germany, England, Denmark, Estonia, Belgium and Spain. The aim of EPRODEC is to provide an appropriate "European label" to the graduates of the accredited Production Engineering (PE) programme. The objective is to develop an accreditation system and organisation that will implement the certification process for education and training within the field of Production Engineering all over Europe. Creating a unified accreditation system will make it easier to compare qualifications and skills. The paper presents some of the ideas behind EPRODEC and the first results. A new unified course and curriculum design with a modular structure, strategies for organisation and certification systems, implementation of e-learning methodologies in PE will be shown and can be transferred and implemented in other education fields.

  • 36.
    Chatti, Sami
    et al.
    Technische Universität Dortmund.
    Tekkaya, Erman
    Technische Universität Dortmund.
    Bayard, Ove
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    A Unified BSc Curriculum for Production Engineering2008Ingår i: 12th International Research/Expert Conference,”Trends in the Development of Machinery and Associated Technology”, TMT 2008, Proceedings, 2008, s. 441-444Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Granted by the EU Programme Leonardo da Vinci, a two-year pilot project, EPRODEC (European Production Engineering Certification) has been started. The aim of EPRODEC is to provide an appropriate “European label” to the graduates of the accredited Production Engineering (PE) programme. The objective is to develop an accreditation system and organisation that will implement the certification process for education and training within the field of Production Engineering all over Europe. Creating a unified accreditation system will make it easier to compare qualifications and skills. The paper presents some of the ideas behind EPRODEC and the first results.

  • 37. Chiroiu, V.
    et al.
    Munteanu, L.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Industriell produktion.
    Shape description of general 3D object using tactile sensing information2004Ingår i: Advances in Modelling and Analysis B, ISSN 1240-4543, Vol. 47, nr 5-6, s. 81-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we consider the problem of recognizing the shape of a 3D object using tactile sensing by a dexterous robot hand. Our approach uses multiple fingers to slide along the surface of the object. From the sensing contact points we extracts a number of 3D points belonging to the surface of the object. The unknown surface Γ of the object is determined by using an "n-ellipsoid" model (Bonnet [4]). The set of parameters that define the surface Γ is determined such that the nellipsoid best fits the set of data points, by using a genetic algorithm.

  • 38.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Archenti, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Design and Dynamic Characterization of Composite Material Dampers for Parting-Off Tools2010Ingår i: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 57-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 39.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Archenti, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Design, Implementation and Analysis of Composite Material Dampers for Turning Operations2009Ingår i: International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, 2009, s. 613-620Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a novel design for boring bar with enhanced damping capability. The principle followed in thedesign phase was to enhance the damping capability minimizing theloss in static stiffness through implementation of composite materialinterfaces. The newly designed tool has been compared to a conventional tool. The evaluation criteria were the dynamic characteristics, frequency and damping ratio, of the machiningsystem, as well as the surface roughness of the machined workpieces.The use of composite material in the design of damped tool has been demonstrated effective. Furthermore, the autoregressive moving average (ARMA) models presented in this paper take in to consideration the interaction between the elastic structure of themachine tool and the cutting process and can therefore be used to characterize the machining system in operational conditions.

  • 40.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Archenti, Andreas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel-Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Active alignment chuck for ultra precision machining2011Ingår i: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 39-48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ultraprecision (UP) components have become common in everyday life products such as mobile phones or compact high resolution digital cameras. Thus the need of producing such components with high accuracy and low production cost. UP machine tools are capable of extremely high accuracy in tool positioning but still today the workpiece is positioned by hand, hence the high production cost of UP components. A fully automated chain of production has been developed within the EU-IP project “Production 4 micro”. This paper describes the active alignment chuck for workholding in UP machining. The chuck has been provided with a high damping interface (HDI) and to evaluate its efficiency the chuck has undergone an experimental modal analysis (EMA) as well as machining tests. The chosen operation was grooving by fly cutting using a diamond tool. The EMA showed that the HDI was effective for those modes where there was relative displacement between one side and the other of the HDI. This result was confirmed by the machining tests as well. The HDI resulted being effective in damping high frequency modes (around 4 – 5 kHz), hence one expected benefit would be a longer tool life.

  • 41.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Design of compact vibration damping turret with hydrostatic clamping system for hard to machine materials2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Influence of inserts coating and substrate on TooloxR44 machining2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the research presented in this paper is to characterize the machinability of TOOLOX 44 during cutting with PALBIT inserts with focus on how different combinations of coatings and substrates influence the machining process in aspects such as tool life, cutting forces, temperature and chip forming process.

    The foremost result is that TOOLOX is machinable and when the right tool is chosen high productivity can be achieved. Using the right insert, equipped with chipbreaker, should allow to machine this hardened steel even at higher cutting speeds than the ones used in this investigation.

  • 43.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Bejhem, Mats
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Carlsson, C.
    Atlas Copco, Örebro, Sweden.
    Computation of dynamic characteristics and stability analysis of tooling systems with enhanced damping2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Daghini, Lorenzo
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel-Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Influence of the join system turret-boring bar on machining performance of the cutting process2010Ingår i: CIRP 2nd International Conference on Process Machine Interactions / [ed] prof. Y. Altintas, Vancouver, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Obtaining the first part correctly is of vital importance. One way of achieving this is to implement solutions with machine tool components that can enable higher removal rates with unchanged or even improved machining performance. A solution is presented in this paper where the principle followed has been to enhance the damping capability of critical structural components of the machine tool (boring bar and turret), minimizing the loss of stiffness. An analytical model of the damping treatment used is presented. The model has been verified by the experimental modal analysis and the machining tests. The introduction of damping in the machine tool structure has been proved to enable machining in stable conditions over a larger range of cutting parameters. The interaction between the cutting process and the machine structure is therefore revealed.

  • 45.
    Frangoudis, Constantinos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Fu, Qilin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Ur Rashid, Md. Masud
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Experimental analysis of the CNx nano-damping material’s effect on the dynamic performance of a milling process2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Manufacturing Engineering and Technologies / [ed] Archenti, Andreas; Maffei, Antonio, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013, s. 293-302Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Vibration phenomena are a main consideration during the material removal operation, as it has prominent effects on the product quality, cutting tool life, and productivity of that machining operation. Within the context of machining performance, role of enhanced stiffness and damping on the dynamic behaviour of machining systems such as turning and milling is well established. In this experimental analysis, investigations have been conducted for identifying the natural characteristics and dynamic responses of a milling process with the application of a novel carbon based (CNx) nano-composite damping material. TheCNx material has been applied into the joint interface of a workholding device with adaptive dynamic stiffness. Prior investigations of this material, produced by theplasma enhanced chemical vapor (PECVD) process, showed inherent damping capacity via interfacial frictional losses of its micro-columnar structures. For thisstudy, natural characteristics of the workholding system have been characterized bythe modal impact testing method. Dynamic responses during the machining processhave been measured through the vibration acceleration signals. The ultimate objective of this study is to comprehend the potentiality of CNx coating material forimproving machining process performance by analyzing the frequency response functions and measured vibration signals of the investigated milling process with varying stiffness and damping levels.

  • 46.
    Frangoudis, Constantinos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel-Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Experimental Analysis of a Machining System with Adaptive Dynamic Stiffness2013Ingår i: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 49-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A main consideration in the operation of machine tools is vibrations occurring during the cutting process.Whether they are forced vibrations or self-excited ones, they have pronounced effects on surface quality, tool lifeand material removal rate. This work is an experimental study of interactions between natural characteristics,control parameters and process parameters of a machining system designed with adaptive dynamic stiffness. Inorder to comprehend these interactions, the effect of changes in dynamic stiffness on the system’s response isexamined. The system under study consists of an end-milling tool, a steel workpiece and a work holding devicewith controllable stiffness. Natural dynamic characteristics of the system components are determined throughmodal impact testing. Then the behaviour of the whole machining system is examined under both high and lowcutting speed conditions by analysing vibration levels using acceleration signals acquired through a tri-axialsensor mounted on the workpiece. Cutting is performed in both directions of the horizontal plane of a CNCmilling machine. In both cases the results are presented for two extremes of stiffness and damping in the workholding device. The effect of control parameters on the system’s natural characteristics could be identifiedtogether with a relation between these parameters and the system’s response in high and low cutting speedconditions. The high-damping configuration reduces the vibration amplitudes significantly, while the increaseof pre-stress has a different effect depending on the cutting conditions.

  • 47.
    Frangoudis, Constantinos
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion.
    Development and analysis of a consciously designed Joint Interface Module for improvement of a machining system's dynamic performance2017Ingår i: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015, Vol. 88, nr 1-4, s. 507-518Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Machining vibrations and dynamic instability of machine tools is an important consideration in machining systems. Common approaches for improving their dynamic performance target either the process, or intelligent, yet complex control systems with actuators. Given that machine tools' dynamic characteristics are largely defined by the characteristics of the joints, this article proposes a novel concept, attempting to create a new paradigm for improving the dynamic behaviour of machine tools-introducing modular machine tools components (Joint Interface Modules-JIMs) with joints deliberately designed for increasing dynamic stiffness and enhancing damping with the use of viscoelastic materials. Through a systematic model-based design process, a prototype replicating a reference tool holder was constructed exploiting viscoelastic materials and the dynamic response of the machining system was improved as a result of its introduction; in machining experiments, the stability limit was increased from around 2 mm depth of cut to 4 mm depth of cut, without compromising the rigidity of the system or changing the process parameters. The article also includes the results of investigations regarding the introduction of such prototypes in a machine tool and discusses the shortcomings of the stability lobe diagrams as a method for evaluating the performance of machine tool components with viscoelastically treated joints.

  • 48.
    Fu, Qilin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Lorite, Gabriela Simone
    Rashid, Md. Masud-Ur
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Selkala, Tuula
    Uusitalo, Juha
    Toth, Geza
    Kordas, Krisztian
    Österlind, Tomas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Suppressing tool chatter with novel multi-layered nanostructures of carbon based composite coatings2015Ingår i: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 223, s. 292-298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-layered nanostructured Cu and Cu-CNx composites synthesized by plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition were applied in the clamping area of a milling tool to suppress regenerative tool chatter. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed a multi-layered nanostructure with excellent conformality, i.e. coating is not only uniform on planar surfaces but also around corners of the substrate. Cu:CuCNx nanostructured multilayers with thicknesses of approximately 0.5:1.6 mu m were obtained. With a diameter of 20 mm, the milling tool performed slotting processes at an overhang length of 120 mm. Modal analysis showed that a coating, with a thickness of approximately 300 mu m, can add sufficient damping without losing stiffness of the tool, to increase the critical stability limit by 50% or 100% depending on cutting direction.

  • 49.
    Fu, Qilin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Lundin, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Rymd- och plasmafysik.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Anti-vibration Engineering in Internal Turning Using a Carbon Nanocomposite Damping Coating Produced by PECVD Process2014Ingår i: Journal of materials engineering and performance (Print), ISSN 1059-9495, E-ISSN 1544-1024, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 506-517Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Machining dynamic stability has been enhanced through a damping coating based on a novel carbon-based nanocomposite material. The coating was synthesized using a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method, and deposited on to the round-shank boring bar used for internal turning and tested during machining. Comparisons between an uncoated and a coated boring bar were carried out at 0.25 mm and 0.5 mm depth of cut using a five times length to diameter ratio overhang, which are typical conditions known to generate detrimental mechanical vibrations. From sound pressure measurement it was found that the measured absolute sound level during process could be reduced by about 90% when using the tool coated with damping layer. Surface roughness measurements of the processed workpiece showed decreased Ra values from approximately 3-6 mu m to less than 2 mu m (and in 50% of the cases < 1 mu m) when comparing an uncoated standard tool with its coated counterpart. Moreover, it was found that the addition of an anti-vibration coating did not adversely affect other tool properties, such as rigidity and modularity.

  • 50.
    FU, Qilin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Rashid, Amir
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Nicolescu, Cornel Mihai
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell produktion, Maskin- och processteknologi.
    Improving machining performance against regenerative tool chatter through adaptive normal pressure at the tool clamping interface2013Ingår i: Journal of Machine Engineering, ISSN 1895-7595, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 93-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chatter in machining process is one of the common failures of a production line. For a cantilever tool, such as a boring bar, the rule of thumb requires the overhang length of the tool to be less than 4 times the diameter. The reason is because longer overhang will induce severe tool vibration in the form of chatter during machining. When a longer overhang than 4 times diameter is necessary for performing special machining operations, damping methods are needed to suppress tool chatter. One of the methods is the constrained layer damping method. Materials, such viscoelastic material, are applied in the vibration node regions of the structure to absorb the concentrated vibration strain energy and transform the mechanical energy to heat. With a cantilever tool clamped in a tool holder, the clamping interface is usually the vibration node region. The friction in the joint interface with low normal pressure became another source of damping and can be used for tool chatter suppression in mechanical structures. Joint interfaces are well known to possess normal pressure dependent stiffness and damping. The normal pressure’s effect on the structures frequency response function had been observed by H. Åkesson [1] et al, and L.Mi [2] et al. However, the direct effect of the joint interface normal pressure on machining process stability hasn’t been investigated. In this paper, a cantilever tool with 6.5 overhang length to diameter ratio is investigated. The direct effect of the tool clamping interface’s normal pressure on the machining process stability is studied. Three different levels of clamping normal pressure are tested with an internal turning process. The machining results indicate another adaptable solution on shop floor for suppressing tool chatter.

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