We review a recent construction of an explicit analytic series representation for symmetric polynomials which up to a groundstate factor are eigenfunctions of Calogero Sutherland type models. We also indicate a generalisation of this result to polynomials which give the eigenfunctions of so-called 'deformed' Calogero-Sutherland type models.

2.

Hallnäs, Martin

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Physics.

This thesis is devoted to the study of various examples of exactly solved quantum many-body systems in one-dimension. It is divided into two parts: the first provides background and complementary results to the second, which consists of three scientific papers. The first paper concerns a particu- lar extension, corresponding to the root system CN, of the delta-interaction model. We prove by construction that its exact solution, even in the gen- eral case of distinguishable particles, can be obtained by the coordinate Bethe ansatz. We also elaborate on the physical interpretation of this model. It is well known that the delta-interaction is included in a four parameter family of local interactions. In the second paper we interpret these parameters as cou- pling constants of certain momentum dependent interactions and determine all cases leading to a many-body system of distinguishable particles which can be solved by the coordinate Bethe ansatz. In the third paper we consider the so-called rational Calogero-Sutherland model, describing an arbitrary number of particles on the real line, confined by a harmonic oscillator potential and interacting via a two-body interaction proportional to the inverse square of the inter-particle distance. We construct a novel solution algorithm for this model which enables us to obtain explicit formulas for its eigenfunctions. We also show that our algorithm applies, with minor changes, to all extensions of the rational Calogero-Sutherland model which correspond to a classical root system.

This thesis concerns two types of quantum many-body systems in one dimension exactly solved by special functions: firstly, systems with interactions localised at points and solved by the (coordinate) Bethe ansatz; secondly, systems of Calogero-Sutherland type, as well as certain recently introduced deformations thereof, with eigenfunctions given by natural many-variable generalisations of classical (orthogonal) polynomials. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first provides background and a few complementary results, while the second presents the main results of this thesis in five appended scientific papers. In the first paper we consider two complementary quantum many-body systems with local interactions related to the root systems CN, one with delta-interactions, and the other with certain momentum dependent interactions commonly known as delta-prime interactions. We prove, by construction, that the former is exactly solvable by the Bethe ansatz in the general case of distinguishable particles, and that the latter is similarly solvable only in the case of bosons or fermions. We also establish a simple strong/weak coupling duality between the two models and elaborate on their physical interpretations. In the second paper we consider a well-known four-parameter family of local interactions in one dimension. In particular, we determine all such interactions leading to a quantum many-body system of distinguishable particles exactly solvable by the Bethe ansatz. We find that there are two families of such systems: the first is described by a one-parameter deformation of the delta-interaction model, while the second features a particular one-parameter combination of the delta and the delta-prime interactions. In papers 3-5 we construct and study particular series representations for the eigenfunctions of a family of Calogero-Sutherland models naturally associated with the classical (orthogonal) polynomials. In our construction, the eigenfunctions are given by linear combinations of certain symmetric polynomials generalising the so-called Schur polynomials, with explicit and rather simple coefficients. In paper 5 we also generalise certain of these results to the so-called deformed Calogero-Sutherland operators.

We consider two particular one-dimensional quantum many-body systems with local interactions related to the root system C-N. Both models describe identical particles moving on the half-line with nontrivial boundary conditions at the origin, but in the first model the particles interact with the delta interaction while in the second via a particular momentum dependent interaction commonly known as delta-prime interaction. We show that the Bethe ansatz solution of the delta-interaction model is consistent even for the general case where the particles are distinguishable, whereas for the delta-prime interaction it only is consistent and nontrivial in the fermion case. We also establish a duality between the bosonic delta- and the fermionic delta-prime model, and we elaborate on the physical interpretations of these models.

We consider the quantum Calogero model, which describes N non-distinguishable quantum particles on the real line confined by a harmonic oscillator potential and interacting via two-body interactions proportional to the inverse square of the inter-particle distance. We elaborate a novel solution algorithm which allows us to obtain fully explicit formulae for its eigenfunctions, arbitrary coupling parameter and particle number. We also show that our method applies, with minor changes, to all Calogero models associated with classical root systems.

In this paper we consider a large class of many-variable polynomials which contains generalisations of the classical Hermite, Laguerre, Jacobi and Bessel polynomials as special cases, and which occur as the polynomial part in the eigenfunctions of Calogero-Sutherland type operators and their deformations recently found and studied by Chalykh, Feigin, Sergeev, and Veselov. We present a unified and explicit construction of all these polynomials.

7.

Hallnäs, Martin

et al.

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Physics.

Langmann, Edwin

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Physics.

Paufler, Cornelius

KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Physics.

As is well known, there exists a four-parameter family of local interactions in 1D. We interpret these parameters as coupling constants of delta-type interactions which include different kinds of momentum-dependent terms, and determine all cases leading to many-body systems of distinguishable particles which are exactly solvable by the coordinate Bethe ansatz. We find two such families of systems, one with two independent coupling constants deforming the well-known delta-interaction model to non-identical particles, and the other with a particular one-parameter combination of the delta and (the so-called) delta-prime interaction. We also find that the model of non-identical particles gives rise to a somewhat unusual solution of the Yang-Baxter relations. For the other model we write down explicit formulae for all eigenfunctions.