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  • 1.
    Abid, Fahim
    et al.
    KTH.
    Ghorbani, Hossein
    Pourrahimi, Amir Masoud
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Edin, Hans Ezz
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Differences in morphology and polarization properties of heat-treated XLPE and LDPE insulation2016In: 2016 IEEE CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL INSULATION AND DIELECTRIC PHENOMENA (IEEE CEIDP), IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, p. 113-116Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) is the most commonly used insulating material for extruded high voltage cable applications. Degassing is a heat-treatment process that is performed to remove methane from XLPE insulation which is formed during the crosslinking reactions as a by-product. Apart from removing methane, heat-treatment influences the electrical properties through changing the morphology due to annealing and also removal of polar crosslinking by-products. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is generally used to observe the changes in crystalline structure of the polymer. Frequency domain spectroscopy (FDS) is widely used to study polarization properties of dielectric materials. In this study these two methods are used for a comparative analysis of XLPE and LDPE subjected to different heat-treatment time, with or without a diffusion barrier. Electrical measurements are performed at room temperature. From the SEM imaging conducted after permanganate acid etching, formation of spherulites due to heat-treatment is not obvious in neither LDPE nor in XLPE. However, distinctions between LDPE and XLPE in SEM micrographs are evident. From studies with dielectric polarization spectroscopy, it is found that the LDPE samples are less sensitive to heat-treatment in comparison to the XLPE samples while dissipation factor of XLPE samples are influenced by the choice of pressing film used during sample preparation.

  • 2. Ghorbani, H.
    et al.
    Saltzer, M.
    Abid, Fahim
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Edin, Hans
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Effect of heat-treatment and sample preparation on physical properties of XLPE DC cable insulation material2016In: IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, E-ISSN 1558-4135, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 2508-2516, article id 7736807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Power cables with extruded crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) insulation are used in HVAC and HVDC applications. These cables usually go through a degassing process to remove the methane formed in XLPE during the cross-linking reactions. In case of HVDC cables, the general belief is that the polar peroxide decomposition products (PDP) content significantly influences the conduction and space charge behavior of XLPE. This belief is mainly based on the results of experiments made on thin XLPE samples with different heat-treatments; but since heat-treatment also influences the morphology of the polymer, it is necessary to consider this effect as well. It is common to use polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film as a protective layer during sample press molding. Studies on the influence of the pressing film on the electrical properties of the sample are rare. In this work, the results of a series of experiments performed on 0.5 mm thick XLPE plaque samples in reference to additive free LDPE samples with different heat-treatment times are presented. Beside the PDP content, the morphology, DC conductivity and polarization properties are studied and analyzed. It was found that the pressing film used during sample preparation has a significant effect on the results and if not corrected, it may lead to wrong conclusions about the influence of the PDP content. Eliminating the effect of the pressing film, no clear correlation between the DC conductivity, dielectric loss and the PDP content was observed. The relation between the PDP content and DC conductivity is not found to be obvious, hence this correlation may need to be further evaluated.

  • 3.
    Ghorbani, Hossein
    et al.
    ABB AB, High Voltage Cables, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Saltzer, Markus
    ABB AB, High Voltage Cables, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Abid, Fahim
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Edin, Hans
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
    Heat-treatment and physical properties of high voltage DC XLPE cable insulation materialManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
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