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  • 1.
    Assefa, Getachew
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemical Engineering and Technology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Chemical Engineering and Technology.
    The Impact of Flows of Resources and Products ( imports, exports, and aid) between north and south: Case study: the flow between EU and East Africa2004In: Proceedings of the African Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bo, Xu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Sun, Qie
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    An Analysis of Chinese Policy Instruments for Climate Change Mitigation2010In: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, ISSN 1756-8692, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 380-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design/methodology/approach - First, the paper reviews Chinese energy consumption per unit of GDP (EC/GDP) in order to determine the overall effects of the combined policy instruments. Second, the different policy instruments are compared in terms of their effects. Third, the actual trends of EC/GDP in two provinces and the instruments adopted by them are analysed on the provincial level.

    Findings - The decline in EC/GDP can indirectly reflect the Chinese contribution to mitigation of CO2 emissions since fossil fuels dominate Chinese energy consumption. The national EC/GDP values have shown a declining trend from 2005 to date, indicating that the policy instruments are very important to mitigate climate change as regards reducing EC/GDP. The technological improvement regulations have made the greatest contribution to date to reduce EC/GDP values. The experiences from the Beijing and Shandong province indicate that their final targets in 2010 will be most likely achieved because the different provinces are not only following the national policy instruments but have also developed quite a few new instruments to assist in reaching the these reductions.

    Research limitations/implications - There are three limitations regarding Chinese policy instruments analysis. First, the paper does not go far to determine the other factors which can affect EC/GDP apart from policy instruments. Second, some data were lacking and there may be inaccuracies in the existing data that could affect the analysis results. Third, EC/GDP cannot reflect the Chinese contribution to mitigation of CO2 emissions if the composition of Chinese energy consumption changes significantly.

    Originality/value - The paper addresses the importance of various policy instruments in reducing EC/GDP. The results can be referenced by Chinese policy makers on both the national and provincial level.

  • 3.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Fidler, Jan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Larsson, Å
    Pilot Course on Conflict Resolution Applied to Coastal Zone Conflicts in the Baltic Sea Region: The Educational Part of the COASTMAN2006In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Fair on Education for Sustainable Development: September 13-15, 2006, Hamburg, Germany, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Fidler, Jan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Larsson, Å
    Pilot Course on Conflict Resolution applied to Coastal Zone Management in the Baltic Sea Region2008In: Conflict Resolution in Coastal Zone Management / [ed] Leal Filho, W., Brandt, N., Krahn, D. & Wennersten, R., Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Peter Lang , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Leal, WWennersten, RonaldKTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.Krahn, D
    Conflict Resolution in Coastal Zone Management2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In view of the importance of coastal areas to Baltic countries, integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) is a matter of prime concern. ICZM is also an important feature of the project Coastal Zone Management in the Baltic Sea Region (COASTMAN), undertaken in the context of the Interreg IIIB (Baltic Sea) Programme. These experiences are presented in this book, which begins with an overview of the issue of conflict resolution in coastal zone management followed by a description of a set of administrative and legal processes and of case studies in the following regions: Hamburg (Germany), Haapsalu (Estonia), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Primorsk (Russia), Stockholm (Sweden) and Ventspils (Latvia). The third part presents information relating to the educational and training aspects of conflict resolution in ICZM. Thanks to its scope and trans-national dimension, this Handbook will be instrumental for organisations responsible for ICZM and will provide some inspiration towards initiatives that can be undertaken at the local level in order to better understand, and hopefully address, conflicts arising in coastal areas.

  • 6.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Developing a Framework for Transparent Green Building Rating Systems2011In: ISIE 2011 Conference: Science, Systems, and Sustainability, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Årman, Louise
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Johansson, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Fahlberg, Kristin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Going From a Smart Grid to a Smart City2011In: ISIE 2011 Conference: Science, Systems, and Sustainability, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Song, Xingqiang
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Sustainable Development in China: Challenges for Research and Education2009In: In Transitions toward Sustainability, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Challenges for sustainable urbanism in China2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Ecological urban design through material & energy flow analysis and life cycle assessment: from an architect's perspective2010In: The 6th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of ecological urban design was studied through the perspective of  Material/Energy Flow Analysis from an architect’s viewpoint. The study examined how to control and adjust the production, transportation, distribution and consumption of material and energy flows in built environment systems, and how to analyse the relevant ecological design methods. Two environmental methods were used, Material/Energy Flow Analysis as the main method and Life Cycle Assessment as a parallel method, to analyse the ‘integrated efficiency’ of material and energy utilisation in the built environment and its significance for sustainable design. The analysis was applied to two cases: Material Flow Analysis of  household wastewater treatment; and Energy Flow Analysis of energy for heating and cooling buildings.

     

  • 11.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology (moved 20130630).
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology (moved 20130630).
    Ecological urban design through Material and Energy Flow Analysis and Life Cycle Assessment: From an architect's perspective2010In: Wit Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, ISSN 1746-448X, E-ISSN 1743-3541, Vol. 142, p. 3-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of ecological urban design was studied through the perspective of Material/Energy Flow Analysis from an architect's viewpoint. The study examined how to control and adjust the production, transportation, distribution and consumption of material and energy flows in built environment systems, and how to analyse the relevant ecological design methods. Two environmental methods were used, Material/Energy Flow Analysis as the main method and Life Cycle Assessment as a parallel method, to analyse the 'integrated efficiency' of material and energy utilisation in the built environment and its significance for sustainable design. The analysis was applied to two cases: Material Flow Analysis of household wastewater treatment and Energy Flow Analysis of energy for heating and cooling buildings.

  • 12.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    From energy efficiency to integrated sustainability in residential development in China: a Chinese case study compared with Swedish experiencesIn: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    China has introduced a series of policies and laws to promote Green Building since 2000. Energy efficiency is the central issue, partly due to China’s energy structure. The overall aim was to improve the framework for construction of residential buildings in China in a more sustainable way, from energy efficiency to integrated sustainability.

     Case study was the main method used to examine the specifications of Green Residential Building in China. This paper presents a specific integrated sustainability analysis of the Landsea Housing Project in anjing, a hot-summer/cold-winter zone. Hammarby Sjöstad, a cutting edge project in Stockholm, is also discussed as a reference area from which experiences can be drawn for China.

     The paper also discusses the relationship between the economic growth and energy consumption in the fast-growth situation, presents several scenarios depicting energy and comfort and makes suggestions for China. The roles of government, developers and residents are also addressed. The paper argues that an adaptive and holistic approach, which must be expanded from both spatial scale and temporal span, should be established for the Green Residential Building development in China, as an effective way to meet the sustainability goal.

  • 13.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Integrated sustainability analysis on green building development in China: case study of three green practices2009In: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING IV, VOLS 1 AND 2 / [ed] Brebbia, CA; Neophytou, M; Beriatos, E; Ioannou, I; Kungolos, AG, SOUTHAMPTON: WIT PRESS , 2009, p. 679-689Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    China has adopted Sustainable Development as an inequitable strategy for the whole country in all industries. In the civil construction sector, sustainability in China is regarded as the development of Green Building. Due to the promotion by Chinese government, more and more buildings are emerging in China under the name of "Green". This paper offers a general overview of the current green trend in China and presents a specific analysis on three cases to search for the proper approach for China's unique situation. The green practices are categorizes into three types: Modem Vernacular Architecture, Eco-offices and Mass-housing, according to their features in scale, location and function. Three specific cases were selected and the analysis of the different types was made. The analysis of the three projects is made from the perspectives of technology, economy, environmental impact, and social aspects, respectively. Finally, the paper argues that an adaptive and holistic approach should be found for the development of Green Building in China

  • 14.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology (moved 20130630).
    Yin, Ying
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology (moved 20130630).
    From Energy Efficiency to Integrated Sustainability in Housing Development in China: A Case study in a hot-summer / cold-winter zone in China2013In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 329-344Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    China has introduced a series of policies and laws to promote green building since 2000. Energy efficiency is the central issue, partly due to China’s energy structure. As advocated by these policies and laws, more and more green buildings are being built. The overall aim of this paper is to explore a more sustainable framework for green residential buildings, from energy efficiency to integrated sustainability. A critical case study is presented of the Landsea Housing Project in Nanjing, a hot-summer/cold-winter zone. The analysis suggests applying a systematic approach—covering all aspects of green housing development, including technical, economic, social and environmental—in China, arguing that this is a more effective way to meet the sustainability goals.

  • 15.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Larsson, Å
    Sustainable Infrastructure Planning in Stockholm's Region: the Loudden case: gathering information from stakeholders and developing indicators and criteria2008In: Integrated Management, Sustainable Development Indicators, Spatial Planning and Monitoring of the South-Eastern Baltic Coastal Regions Conference., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Larsson, Å.
    The Swedish Case Study Loudden: A Controversial Harbour for Oil Products in Stockholm2007In: Proceedings of the 5th Study Conference on BALTEX / [ed] Hans-Jörg Isemer, International BALTEX Secretariat , 2007, p. 193-194Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Risk Assessment in the Framework of Sustainable Development: the Necessity of Considering Worst Case Scenarios2007In: Proceedings of the International Society for Industrial Ecology Conference: June 17-20, 2007, Toronto, Canada, 2007, p. 202-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Study of Three Seveso II Reports in Sweden: Are the Results Presented in the Reports Good Enough?2007In: Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Research Conference on Safety.: June 13-15, 2007, Tampere, Finland., 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    presentation done in safety reports is to reveal risks using reliable methods and to gather informationfor rational decision making including physical planning and risk management.There are several difficulties connected to current use of risk assessment methods. One of thedifficulties is uncertainties in the probabilities estimation calculated in quantitative risk assessmentmethods. Other difficulties include unclear guidelines for the worst possible event and consequences ofan accident.Whenever a risk assessment is performed, there will be doubts about the objectivity of the results. Evenif mathematical models are building the basis for calculation, e.g. of risk frequency or scenarios used todescribe the possible consequences of an accident happening, elements of uncertainty could beidentified. These uncertainties could be used to manipulate the outcome of the assessment dependingon e.g. personal or political interests. In order to minimize the possibilities for influencing the results, astandard of how to perform a risk assessment has been established and it should be built on morequalitative and transparent principles.Another important demand on risk assessment and management today is that its results should becommunicated to different stakeholders. The communication aspect is stressed because of recognizedimportance of public participation during decision making processes.

  • 19.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    What Is a Worst Case Scenario for a Potential Accident and How Can It Be Used in Physical Planning?2007In: Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries., 2007, p. 164-165Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Larsson, Å
    COASTMAN: Coastal Zone Management in the Baltic Sea Region.2007In: Proceedings of the 5th Study Conference on BALTEX: June 4 - 8, 2007, Kuressaare, Saaremaa, Estonia. International BALTEX Secretariat., 2007, p. 81-82Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Fidler, Jan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Spitsyna, Tatiana
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Alternative Learning Styles for Sustainability in Engineering Education: scenario techniques and role play2009In: In Energy Efficiency and Environmental Protection, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Galli, Ester
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Peipke, Erica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    When the traditional meets the modern: The sustainability of the artisanal fishing in Guanabara Bay, Brazil2007In: International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development (IJESD), ISSN 1474-6778, E-ISSN 1478-7466, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 373-388Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The industrial development that has contributed to economic prosperity and advancement of standard of living has also brought new risks to people's every day lives and to the environment. This fact has been evident in the multiple uses of environmentally sensitive ecosystems, often resulting in conflicts among the users. This trend is especially apparent in countries like Brazil, where the issues of security, sustainability and equity are incipient and far from solved. This paper seeks to illustrate how the industrial development has impacted the traditional populations and created conflicts. It has been conducted in Guanabara Bay and focuses on current conflicts between industrial and artisanal fisheries. The understanding of the parties' positions in the conflicts was accomplished through frame analysis. The results of this study show that the artisanal fishermen are in a disadvantageous position in the conflicts. Possible facts influencing this position were analysed.

  • 23.
    Galli, Ester
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Frame analysis of environmental conflicts in ethanol production in Brazil2013In: International Journal of Sustainable Society, ISSN 1756-2538, E-ISSN 1756-2546, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 62-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various actions have been taken by environmental agencies and ethanol producers to promote the environmental sustainability of Brazilian ethanol. The banning of cane burning before harvesting is one such action, since this decreases air pollution and CO2 emissions. However, it also changes harvesting from a manual to a mechanised process and is thus likely to cost the jobs of the hundreds of thousands of cane cutters who are employed annually by mills and distilleries. This study examines the conflicts between methods for harvesting sugarcane. Frame analysis is used to explain the different frames held by the actors and to discuss options for conflict resolution. The complexity of sustainable development is illustrated by comparing economic and environmental improvements with the social situation of the cutters. The analysis also illustrates how the values orientating the frames held by actors influence the formulation of public policies and agreements among the actors.

  • 24.
    Galli, Ester
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Peipke, Erica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Frame analysis and environmental conflicts in Guanabara Bay, Brazil2007In: The Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Galli, Ester
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Peipke, Erica
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    The sustainability of traditional populations exposed to technological changes: (abstract)2007In: The Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology: June 17-20, 2007, Toronto, Canada., 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Gu, Zhenhong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Sun, Qie
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Impact of urban residences on energy consumption and carbon emissions: An investigation in Nanjing, China2013In: Sustainable Cities and Society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 7, p. 52-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analysed the energy consumption of urban households in Nanjing and the influencing factors in this energy consumption. The households studied were located in three urban districts of Nanjing: the city centre, a spontaneous residential area around the old city, and a planned satellite town. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on building characteristics, household characteristics, use of domestic appliances, and fuel oil consumption. Energy use was analysed by conversion into CO2 emissions. The study found that household use and transport were the two main contributors to domestic energy consumption. Household electricity consumption showed obvious seasonal characteristics (higher in summer than in other seasons), while transport energy consumption showed geographical characteristics (the old town had lowest transport energy consumption). Highly efficient devices may not render buildings more energy-efficient, so architects should seek to reduce the need for such devices. Energy consumption and income were generally positively correlated. Family structure also influenced energy consumption, with high-income families and small families consuming more energy per capita. Economic and social factors were found to be equally important to technical factors for energy efficiency. Based on the findings, some possible policies are recommended.

  • 27.
    Gu, Zhenhong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Vestbro, Dick Urban
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Built Environment Analysis.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Assefa, Getachew
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    A study of Chinese strategies for energy-efficient housing developments from an architect's perspective, combined with Swedish experiences and game theory2009In: Civil engineering and environmental systems (Print), ISSN 1028-6608, E-ISSN 1029-0249, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 323-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy issue is always an important factor in sustainable housing developments. Over the years, a number of energy-saving techniques have been developed to reduce consumption of primary energy and utilise renewable energy in architectural designs. However, the real situation regarding energy-efficient buildings has improved rather slowly during the recent decades, both in the developing and developed countries. Hammarby Sjostad is one of the largest urban housing developments in Europe but is built to standards twice as strict as those currently being applied for new housing, including energy consumption. Eco-villages are small-scale housing developments, usually in the suburbs, where residents also try to create highly specific ecological environments. There are two basic paradigms to solve the current housing problem: top-down (provider paradigm) or bottom-up (support paradigm). This paper analyses the differences between these, especially from an energy efficiency perspective. Housing development is a gaming process between diverse stakeholders. All the stakeholders try to choose different actions in an attempt to maximise their returns. If the proposals made by the architects and engineers are not consistent with the interests of other stakeholders, they have little chance of being applied in actual projects. This paper describes systematic development strategies for the energy-efficient housing project Jun Lin Zijin, a Chinese residential and commercial project furthering the progress of design and construction.

  • 28.
    Gu, Zhenhong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wang, Xiangjun
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Dong, Wei
    Southeast University, Nanjing.
    Sustainability assessment of residential areas and sustainable building design in China2005In: The 3rd International Conference of the International Society Ecology, 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Gu, Zhenhong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Comparison of two methods energy efficient houses: implemental discussion in China2006In: The 10th International Conference on Passive Houses, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Gu, Zhenhong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Report for Beigang Ecological Community, Changzhou2005Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Gu, Zhenhong
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Assefa, Getachew
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Analysis of the most widely used building environmental assessment methods2006In: Journal of Environmental Sciences(China), ISSN 1001-0742, E-ISSN 1878-7320, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 175-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building Environmental Assessment (BEA) is a term used for several methods for environmental assessment of the building environment. Generally, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an important foundation and part of the BEA method, but current BEA methods form more comprehensive tools than LCA. Indicators and weight assignments are the two most important factors characterizing BEA. From the comparison of the three most widely used BEA methods, EcoHomes (BREEAM for residential buildings), LEED-NC and GBTool, it can be seen that BEA methods are shifting from ecological, indicator-based scientific systems to more integrated systems covering ecological, social and economic categories. Being relatively new methods, current BEA systems are far from perfect and are under continuous development. The further development of BEA methods will focus more on non-ecological indicators and how to promote implementation. Most BEA methods are developed based on regional regulations and LCA methods, but they do not attempt to replace these regulations. On the contrary, they try to extend implementation by incentive programmes. There are several ways to enhance BEA in the future: expand the studied scope from design levels to whole life-cycle levels of constructions, enhance international cooperation, accelerate legislation and standardize and develop user-oriented assessment systems.

  • 32. Habashian, N.
    et al.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Is it possible to fulfill the end of Life Vechicles Directive 2000/53/EC?2005In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of the International Society for Industrial Ecology, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Kordas, Olga
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Segalàs, J.
    Mulder, Karel
    Nikiforovich, E.
    Joint Course in Sustainable Development at Kiev Polytechnic Institute: an example of cooperation among 4 European universities2009In: In Energy Efficiency and Environmental Protection: Education and Sustainable Technologies International Conference, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Laurenti, Rafael
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Radical systems, eco-innovation and the transition towards sustainability: industrial product design and cultural change2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Laurenti, Rafael
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Poulikidou, Sofia
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Environmental Strategies.
    Montrucchio, Valeria
    Polytechnic of Turin, Architectural and Industrial Design Department.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Bistagnino, Luigi
    Polytechnic of Turin, Architectural and Industrial Design Department.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Using causal maps to identify potential sources of environmental impact outside the scope of LCA studies: preliminary findings from case studies on washing machines and road vehicles2012In: Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, University of Hull, Hull, UK, 24 – 26 June 2012, Hull, UK, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of the environmental impacts of which a product will potentially have during its life cycle  are  determined  during  the  design  phase  by  choices  such  as  type  of  materials  and manufacturing  processes.  The  Life  Cycle  Assessment  (LCA)  method  is  commonly  used  to assess  the  potential  environmental  impacts  and  identify  hot-spots  for  improvements  of  a product system. However, other important variables exist outside the product system that can also  influence  environmental  impacts.  The  aim  of  this  study  is  to  utilise  causal  maps  to identify variables which may not typically be identified and considered in LCA studies but may have significant influence upon environmental impacts through cause-effect chains. To illustrate the utility of causal maps, household washing machines and conventional passenger cars are chosen as case studies. Preliminary findings indicate that causal mapping can be used to  identify  which  are  the  relevant  variables  and  describe  how  they  potentially  interact  in  a system perspective. This knowledge might allow for more robust decision support.

  • 36.
    Laurenti, Rafael
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Singh, Jagdeep
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Sevaldson, Birger
    AHO The Oslo School of Architecture and Design.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Towards a framework to work within broader systems boundaries in the process of product design2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most of the environmental impacts of which a product will potentially have during its life cycle are determined during the design phase by choices such as type of materials and manufacturing processes. These definitions, in addition, strongly influence the rate of material or energy input per unit of the service offered by the product. Consequently, on the one hand, potential achievements in lowering energy or materials per-unit of service may be translated into lower consumer costs, encouraging increasing consumption. On the other hand, the way products are designed and offered can have large impact in resources use reduction and also influence user behaviour towards more sustainable practices. We believe that by working within broader systems boundaries, undesirable feedback loops arising in this large system could be addressed. This paper describes a novel conceptual framework named Sustainability Driven Systems-Oriented Design to identify the effects of which micro-level gains (e.g. increased material and energy efficiency) have on macro-level loss (e.g. over consumption). Moreover, a first version of an inference diagram of the industrial system is presented. The diagram graphically illustrates how chosen variables influence one another and interacts by means of feedback loops. The aim of using the conceptual framework and the inference diagram in the design process is to shift the traditional linear cause-effect thinking to feedback-loop thinking.

  • 37. Leal Filho, W.
    et al.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Krahn, D.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Conclusions2008In: Conflict Resolution in Coastal Zone Management / [ed] Leal Filho, G., Brandt, N., Krahn, D., Wennersten, R., Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2008, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38. Ravesteijn, W.
    et al.
    Xingqiang, Song
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    The 2000 EU Water Framework Directive and Chinese Water Management: experiences and perspectives2009In: RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT V / [ed] Brebbia, C.A., Southampton/Boston: WIT Press , 2009, p. 37-46Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses Integrated River Basin Management as a solution to water stress through a comparative analysis of water management in Europe and China. It makes a preliminary assessment of the European experiences so far with the Water Framework Directive (WFD) on river basin management and investigates its potential value for other areas, focusing on China. Problems and possibilities of policy transfer in the process of initiating and stimulating sustainable water management are investigated. Could the WFD, which seems to have beneficial impact in Europe, be used to reach the same results in China? We will deal with this and other questions, discussing the differences in water management and context between China and the EU and the problems with adopting a WFD inspired approach in China.

  • 39.
    Ravesteijn, Wim
    et al.
    TU Delft.
    Song, Xingqiang
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    European and Chinese Integrated River Basin Management: experiences and perspectives2012In: Flood Risk Assessment & Management / [ed] S. Mambretti, WIT Press, 2012, p. 59-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses Integrated River Basin Management as a solution to water stress through a comparative analysis of water management in Europe and China.It makes a preliminary assessment of the European experiences so far with the Water Framework Directive (WFD) – and the additional groundwater protection and flooding directives – on river basin management and investigates its potential value for other areas, focusing on China.Problems and possibilities of water policy transfer are investigated.The main questions to be discussed are whether the EU WFD could be made part of China’s water management regime and whether the experiences of the WFD could help China’s water managers and decision-makers to improve water management based on the principles of IRBM. We will deal with these and other questions, discussing the differences in water management and context between Europe and China.

  • 40. Santos, R.
    et al.
    Leal Filho, W.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Oliva, E. B. L.
    Strategies for Competitiveness and Sustainability: The Technological Competence in Brazilian Subsidiary of a Swedish Multinational Corporation2005In: International Conference on Energy, Environment and Disasters (INCEED 2005), 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Santos, Rita
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Oliva, E. B. L.
    Leal, W.
    Strategies for competitiveness and sustainability: Adaptation of a Brazilian subsidiary of a Swedish multinational corporation2009In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 90, no 12, p. 3708-3716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The competitiveness, in terms of macro and micro levels of an enterprise, is often dictated by its capacity to innovate, ability to respond to the needs of the market, and resilience to challenges from competition. This paper reviews the literature on the adaptation of research and development (R&D) units in subsidiaries of multinational corporations. It focuses mainly on the impact of the technological dynamic on sustainability performance of the Brazilian subsidiary of the Swedish multinational Ericsson. Through a conceptual framework, it explores information and communication technologies (ICT) towards a transversal and comprehensive vision of levels of innovation and sustainability.

  • 42.
    Singh, Jagdeep
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Waste management as a part of a broader systems approach to production and consumption2011In: Book of Proceedings of the 1st International Conference: WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities / [ed] Fernando Castro, Cândida Vilarinho & Joana Carvalho, Guimarães, Portugal: CVR – Centro para a valorização de Resíduos , 2011, p. 124-129Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Song, Xingqiang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Assefa, Getachew
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    The Green Olympics 2008: Concerning Urban Planning and Development in Beijing2007In: Proceedings of Research for Sustainable Development: The Social Challenge with Emphasis on Conditions for Change, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Song, Xingqiang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Mulder, Karel
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Ravesteijn, Wim
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Transition in public participation in Chinese water management2011In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, ISSN 1478-4637, E-ISSN 1751-7664, Vol. 164, no 1, p. 71-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the Chinese central government has expressed the goal of working towards a civil society. However, there are great challenges in a transition to participatory decision-making in water systems management, and this paper aims to analyse the difficulties in the Chinese context. The development of Chinese water systems is summarised, with a focus on the characteristics of water management framework and its underlying values. The initiation of public participation in environmental decision-making is tracked, as well as its scope in the planning process of three water-related projects. Finally, the participatory mechanisms and capacity in China are briefly discussed from different perspectives. This paper argues that effective public participation in China is substantially hindered by current participatory mechanisms and capacity. Improved decision-making would result from: amendments to legal requirements on compulsory participation and broadening environmental information disclosure; developing sufficient relevant monitoring systems towards evidence-based planning and decision-making; inclusion of all relevant stakeholders under transparent planning and decision-making regimes; and building institutional capacity with the emphasis on developing a feasible procedural framework for participation and for assessing the effectiveness of the participatory process.

  • 45.
    Song, Xingqiang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Ravesteijn, W.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Managing water resources for sustainable development: the case of integrated river basin management in China2010In: Water Science and Technology, ISSN 0273-1223, E-ISSN 1996-9732, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 499-506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging water crisis in China shows that the current institutional frameworks and policies with regard to water resources management are incapable of achieving an effective and satisfactory situation that includes Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM). This paper analyses this framework and related policies, examines their deficiencies in relation to all water stress problems and explores alternatives focusing on river basins. Water resources management reforms in modern China are reviewed and the main problems involved in transforming the current river management system into an IRBM-based system are analysed. The Huai River basin is used as an example of current river basin management, with quantitative data serving to show the scale and scope of the problems in the country as a whole. The institutional reforms required are discussed and a conceptual institutional framework is proposed to facilitate the implementation of IRBM in China. In particular, the roles, power and responsibilities of River Basin Commissions (RBCs) should be legally strengthened; the functions of supervising, decision-making and execution should be separated; and cross-sectoral legislation, institutional coordination and public participation at all levels should be promoted.

  • 46.
    Song, Xingqiang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Assefa, Getachew
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Ravesteijn, W.
    Managing Water Resources for Sustainable Development: the case of integrated river basin management in China2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Song, Xingqiang
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Mulder, Karel
    Challenges for Sustainable Development in China2007Report (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Sun, Qie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Johansson, Stefan
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    System Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Abatement on the Municipal Level2007In: Proceedings of Research for Sustainable Development: The Social Challenge with Emphasis on Conditions for Change, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Sun, Qie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Governance of Large-Scale Environmental Problems: the case of climate change2010In: International Journal of Global Warming, ISSN 1758-2083, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 162-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the management of Climate Change Mitigation (CCM), seeking a working institution capable of addressing its cross-scale and multi-level challenges. Currently, two most studied forms of institution are co-management and transnational networks, of which a common point is that they both attempt to build up cooperative networks. While cooperative networks have a general form of viability, this paper develops an Interactions Check Table (ICT) to illustrate those interactions between stakeholders in those two forms of cooperative networks. On the basis of the ICT analysis, this paper makes suggestions for improving cooperative networks as a working institution.

  • 50.
    Sun, Qie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
    Multi-values of Evaluating Sustainability: the case of climate change mitigation projects2009In: In Transitions toward Sustainability - 2009 ISIE Conference. June 21-24, 2009, Lisbon, Portugal., 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 82
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