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  • 1.
    Cederwall, Bo
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Ghazi Moradi, Farnaz
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Bäck, Torbjörn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Johnson, Arne
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Blomqvist, Jan-Erik
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Clément, E.
    Grand Accélérateur National d´lons Lourds, Cean Cedex, France.
    de France, G.
    Grand Accélérateur National d´lons Lourds, Cean Cedex, France.
    Wadsworth, R.
    Department of Physics, University of York, UK.
    Andgren, Karin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Lagergren, Karin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Dijon, A.
    Grand Accélérateur National d´lons Lourds, Cean Cedex, France.
    Jaworski, G.
    Heavy Ion Laboratory, Univeristy of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Liotta, Roberto
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Qi, Chong
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Nyakó, B. M.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Nyberg, J.
    Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Palacz, M.
    Heavy Ion Laboratory, Univeristy of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Al-Azri, H.
    Department of Physics, University of York, UK.
    Algora, A.
    IFIC, CSIC University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
    de Angelis, G.
    Instituto Nazionael di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy.
    Atac, Ayse
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Bhattacharyya, S.
    Grand Accélérateur National d´lons Lourds, Cean Cedex, France.
    Brock, T.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Brown, J. R.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Davies, P.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Di Nitto, A.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universitá di Napoli and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli, Italy.
    Dombrádi, Zs.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Science, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Gadea, A.
    IFIC, CSIC, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
    Gál, J.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Science, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Hadinia, Baharak
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Johnston-Theasby, F.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Joshi, P.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Juhász, K.
    Department of Information Technology, Universty of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Julin, R.
    Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Jungclaus, A.
    Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, Madrid, Spain .
    Kalinka, G.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Kara, S. O.
    Department of Physics, Ankara University, Tandogan Ankarar, Turkey.
    Khaplanov, Anton
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Kownacki, J.
    Heavy Ion Laboratory, Universty of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    La Rana, G.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universitá di Napoli and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli, Italy.
    Lenzi, S. M.
    Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Universitá di Padova and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, Padova, Italy.
    Molnár, J.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Moro, R.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universitá di Napoli and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli, Italy.
    Napoli, D. R.
    Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Natzionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy.
    Nara Singh, B. S.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Persson, Andreas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Recchia, F.
    Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Universitá di Padova and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, Padova, Italy.
    Sandzelius, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
    Scheurer, J. -N
    Université Bordeaux, Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, Gradignan, France.
    Sletten, G.
    The Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sohler, D.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Söderström, P. -A
    Department of Physics and Astromony, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Taylor, M. J.
    Department of Physics, University of York, York, UK.
    Timár, J.
    Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary.
    Valiente-Dobón, J. J.
    instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy.
    Vardaci, E.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universitá di Napoli and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli, Italy.
    Williams, S.
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    Evidence for a spin-aligned neutron-proton paired phase from the level structure of 92Pd2011In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 469, no 7328, p. 68-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shell structure and magic numbers in atomic nuclei were generally explained by pioneering work(1) that introduced a strong spin-orbit interaction to the nuclear shell model potential. However, knowledge of nuclear forces and the mechanisms governing the structure of nuclei, in particular far from stability, is still incomplete. In nuclei with equal neutron and proton numbers (N = Z), enhanced correlations arise between neutrons and protons (two distinct types of fermions) that occupy orbitals with the same quantum numbers. Such correlations have been predicted to favour an unusual type of nuclear superfluidity, termed isoscalar neutron-proton pairing(2-6), in addition to normal isovector pairing. Despite many experimental efforts, these predictions have not been confirmed. Here we report the experimental observation of excited states in the N = Z = 46 nucleus Pd-92. Gamma rays emitted following the Ni-58(Ar-36,2n)Pd-92 fusion-evaporation reaction were identified using a combination of state-of-the-art high-resolution c-ray, charged-particle and neutron detector systems. Our results reveal evidence for a spin-aligned, isoscalar neutron-proton coupling scheme, different from the previous prediction(2-6). We suggest that this coupling scheme replaces normal superfluidity (characterized by seniority coupling(7,8)) in the ground and low-lying excited states of the heaviest N = Z nuclei. Such strong, isoscalar neutron-proton correlations would have a considerable impact on the nuclear level structure and possibly influence the dynamics of rapid proton capture in stellar nucleosynthesis.

  • 2.
    Persson, Andreas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Khaplanov, Anton
    Cederwall, Bo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    A prototype detector module for combined PET/CT or combined photon counting/standard CT based on SiPM technology2009In: 2009 IEEE NUCLEAR SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM CONFERENCE RECORD, VOLS 1-5  / [ed] Yu B, 2009, p. 3503-3507Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method extending the functionality of silicon photomultipiers (SiPMs) has been developed. It enables the use of SiPMs for quantifying high radiation fluxes in current mode as well as in pulse mode measurements for counting and characterizing individual gamma-ray or X-ray photons when coupled to scintillators. This opens new possibilities for multimodal medical imaging by providing the means for producing common radiation sensors for PET, standard CT and photon counting CT. Currently, two separate detector systems are required for combined PET/CT. Similarly, standard current integrating CT and the novel concept of photon counting CT currently also requires separate detector systems. We here present a novel detector design featuring dual-mode readout of SiPM-based radiation sensors that enables imaging systems where conventional CT imaging is combined with PET, as well as in CT systems where both conventional integrating (high-flux) and photon counting (low-dose) operation can be selected. Such dual-mode SiPMs coupled to scintillators in medical imaging can be used to detect and characterize single primary X-ray or gamma-ray photons up to fluxes of millions of photons per mm(2) per second in pulse mode. Current mode operation allows the dynamic range to he extended to the much higher rates found in standard CT imagers and beyond. A prototype detector is being developed and studied from the point of view of the energy and timing resolution required for the photon-counting application as well as the flux-to-current characteristics, essential for the current mode.

  • 3. Zheng, Y.
    et al.
    de France, G.
    Clement, E.
    Dijon, A.
    Cederwall, Bo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Wadsworth, R.
    Bäck, Torbjörn
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Ghazi Moradi, Farnaz
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Jaworski, G.
    Nyako, B. M.
    Nyberg, J.
    Palacz, M.
    Al-Azri, H.
    de Angelis, G.
    Atac, A.
    Aktas, O.
    Bhattacharyya, S.
    Brock, T.
    Davies, P. J.
    Di Nitto, A.
    Dombradi, Zs.
    Gadea, A.
    Gal, J.
    Joshi, P.
    Juhasz, K.
    Julin, R.
    Jungclaus, A.
    Kalinka, G.
    Kownacki, J.
    La Rana, G.
    Lenzi, S. M.
    Molnar, J.
    Moro, R.
    Napoli, D. R.
    Singh, B. S. Nara
    Persson, Andreas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Recchia, F.
    Sandzelius, Mikael
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
    Scheurer, J. -N
    Sletten, G.
    Sohler, D.
    Söderstrom, P. -A
    Taylor, M. J.
    Timar, J.
    Valiente-Dobon, J. J.
    Vardaci, E.
    gamma-ray linear polarization measurements and (g(9/2))(-3) neutron alignment in Ru-912013In: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics, ISSN 0556-2813, E-ISSN 1089-490X, Vol. 87, no 4, p. 044328-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Linear polarization measurements have been performed for gamma rays in Ru-91 produced with the Ni-58(Ar-36,2p1n gamma)Ru-91 reaction at a beam energy of 111 MeV. The EXOGAM Ge clover array has been used to measure the gamma-gamma coincidences, gamma-ray linear polarization, and gamma-ray angular distributions. The polarization sensitivity of the EXOGAM clover detectors acting as Compton polarimeters has been determined in the energy range 0.3-1.3 MeV. Several transitions have been observed for the first time. Measurements of linear polarization and angular distribution have led to the firm assignments of spin differences and parity of high-spin states in Ru-91. More specifically, calculations using a semiempirical shell model were performed to understand the structures of the first and second (21/2(+)) and (17/2(+)) levels. The results are in good agreement with the experimental data, supporting the interpretation of the nonyrast (21/2(+)) and (17/2(+)) states in terms of the J(max) and J(max) - 2 members of the seniority-three nu(g(9/2))(-3) multiplet.

1 - 3 of 3
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  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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