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  • 1.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, A.
    Ilayperuma, T.
    Jayaweera, P.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Enterprise sustainability through the alignment of goal models and business models2008In: CEUR Workshop Proc., 2008, p. 73-87Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business modelling can be used as a starting point for business analysis. The core of a business model is information about resources, events, agents, and their relations. The motivation of a business model can be found in the goals of an enterprise and those are made explicit in a goal model. This paper discusses the alignment of business models with goal models and proposes a method for constructing business models based on goal models. The method assists in the design of business models that conform to the explicit goals of an enterprise. Main benefits are clear and uniform goal formulations, well founded business model designs, and increased traceability between models.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, A.
    Ilayperuma, T.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Grégoire, B.
    Schmitt, M.
    Dubois, E.
    Abels, S.
    Hahn, A.
    Gordijn, J.
    Weigand, H.
    Wangler, B.
    Towards a common ontology for business models2006In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To create an understanding of enterprises and the ways they do business, a starting point could be to identify the main actors and the values transferred between them. Business models are created in order to make clear who the business actors are in a business case and to make their relations explicit. The relations are formulated in terms of values exchanged between the actors. The purpose of the work reported in this paper is to create a better understanding of business models by identifying basic notions used in such models. It does so by constructing a common ontology based on three established business model ontologies: e3-value, REA, and BMO. By means of a careful analysis of these ontologies a conceptual schema is created that defines the common concepts. An example is worked out that explains how the common ontology should be understood.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, A.
    Ilayperuma, T.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Using strategic goal analysis for enhancing value-based business models2007In: BUSITAL 2007 - 2nd International Workshop on Business/IT Alignment and Interoperability, Workshop at the 19th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lately business models have been recognized as a foundation for design of operational business processes. The motivation of a business model can be found in the goals of an enterprise which are made explicit in a goal model. This paper discusses the alignment of business models with goal models and proposes a method for constructing business models based on goal models. The method is based on a template and rules based approach. The outputs are business models that conform to the explicit goals of an enterprise. Main benefits are uniform goal formulations, well founded business model designs, and increased traceability between the models. A case study from the health sector is used to argument the way we ground and apply our proposed method.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    Ilayperuma, T.
    Jayaweera, P.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Aligning goal models and business models2008In: CEUR Workshop Proc., 2008, p. 13-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper has argued that for an enterprise to be sustainable its operational processes should be aligned to its strategic goals. We have focused on a part of the complex issue of business and IT alignment by addressing the problems of aligning business models with goal models and a method for this was proposed. The method approach offers a number of benefits: clear and uniform goal model formulation, well founded business model design, and traceability between models.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    Ilayperuma, Tharaka
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    A declarative foundation of process models2005In: ADVANCED INFORMATION SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, PROCEEDINGS / [ed] Pastor, O; Chunha, JFE, 2005, Vol. 3520, p. 233-247Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a declarative foundation for process models is proposed. Three issues in process management and modeling are identified: business orientation, traceability, and flexibility. It is shown how these issues can be addressed by basing process models on business models, where a business model focuses on the transfer of value between agents. As a bridge between business models and process models, the notion of activity dependency model is introduced, which identifies, classifies, and relates activities needed for executing and coordinating value transfers.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Ilayperuma, Tharaka
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Gordijn, Jaap
    Gregoire, Bertrand
    Schmitt, Michael
    Dubois, Eric
    Abels, Sven
    Hahn, Axel
    Wangler, Benkt
    Weigand, Hans
    Towards a reference ontology for business models2006In: Conceptual Modeling - ER 2006, Proceedings / [ed] Embley, DW; Olive, A; Ram, S, 2006, Vol. 4215, p. 482-496Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies are viewed as increasingly important tools for structuring domains of interests. In this paper we propose a reference ontology of business models using concepts from three established business model ontologies; the REA, BMO, and e3-value. The basic concepts in the reference ontology concern actors, resources, and the transfer of resources between actors. Most of the concepts in the reference ontology are taken from one of the original ontologies, but we have also introduced a number of additional concepts, primarily related to resource transfers between business actors. The purpose of the proposed ontology is to increase the understanding of the original ontologies as well as the relationships between them, and also to seek opportunities to complement and improve on them.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV. Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV. Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Grégoire, B.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV. Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Schmitt, M.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV. Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    From business to process models: A chaining methodology2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we discuss the problem of how to go from a business model to a process model in a systematic way. Business models are economic models used for business analysis, while process models capture low-level business activities and their coordination. We propose a method that starts with a business model where the main actors and their relationships are identified. This forms a basis for design of a final process model. Processes are described in terms of patterns stored in a pattern library.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Purpose driven value model design2009In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is increasingly recognized that value models offer an abstraction that is useful for the exploration of new business networks and their properties. Among others, value models can be used as input for a risk analysis that is crucial in cross-organizational business process design. However, as value models can be used for many different purposes, there is a risk that they become overloaded and difficult to understand. In this paper we claim that the form and contents of a value model should be governed by its purpose. We identify a number of basic purposes of value models and outline how a value model is affected by those. The approach builds on an analysis and classification of resources and resource exchanges.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bider, I.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Perjons, Erik
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Towards a formal definition of goal-oriented business process patterns2005In: Business Process Management Journal, ISSN 1463-7154, E-ISSN 1758-4116, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 650-662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Organizations of today are becoming ever more focused on their business processes. This has resulted in an increasing interest in using best practices for business process re-engineering. Two problems arise in connection to using best practices: how to find a best practice that suits particular purposes, and how to ensure that the process from the best practice has the same nature as the process under re-engineering. The purpose of this paper is to address these issues. Design/methodology/approach - The paper suggests using business process patterns, i.e. relatively high level business process models, for making near formal comparison of business processes. The paper analyzes widespread modeling techniques to find out which of them suits the task of building patterns for comparison. Based on this analysis, the state-flow modeling technique is chosen and first steps towards formal definition of business process patterns based on this technique are suggested. Findings - A pattern is defined based on the notions of state space, goal, as a surface in the state space, and valid movements towards the goal. A thinkable procedure of constructing patterns is demonstrated on two real-life examples. A hypothetical procedure for comparing process is suggested but it still needs to be verified in practice. Originality/value - The originality of the paper is the way the patterns are formulated and the underlying model, the state-flow view of processes, upon which the patterns are founded.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bider, I
    Perjons, Erik
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Business process support as a basis for computerized knowledge management2005In: PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT / [ed] Althoff, KD; Dengel, A; Bergmann, R; Nick, M; RothBerghofer, T, BERLIN: SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN , 2005, Vol. 3782, p. 542-553Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major factors behind the less successful implementations of computerized knowledge management systems (KMS) is lack of motivation to use such a system on behalf of the end-users. To create such a motivation, i.e., achieve usability, a computerized KMS should be integrated with a business process support (BPS) system and provide three main functionalities: (1) provide a process context, (2) gather automatically experience-based knowledge, and (3) provide an active generalized knowledge base. Such an integrated KMS/BPS can be built using a state-oriented view on business processes. The paper describes a version of a system built according to this view. The system fully implements the first two functionalities, the third one being under development. The system is currently installed at a pilot site. Research work in progress includes creating a formal language for representing an active generalized knowledge base, and investigating the impact of the introduction of an integrated KMS/BPS on the pilot organization.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Bider, I
    Perjons, Erik
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Integration of business process support with knowledge management - A practical perspective2004In: PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT, PROCEEDINGS, BERLIN: SPRINGER , 2004, Vol. 3336, p. 227-238Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For knowledge management to be of use in an organization, it should be seamlessly incorporated in everyday business activities. Large parts of an organization's activities, especially on the operational level, are structured around business processes. Therefore, knowledge management needs to be integrated with these processes, which means that a computerized system that supports business processes should also support knowledge management. This paper reports on the experiences of implementing an integrated business process support system and knowledge management system into an organization. The implementation is the subject of a research project. The project's objective is to work out techniques for developing integrated process and knowledge management systems, and investigate effects of introducing such a system in operational practice, e.g., effects on productivity, internal cooperation, and democracy in organizational life.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Birger
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    Aligning goals and services through goal and business modelling2009In: Information Systems and E-Business Management, ISSN 1617-9846, E-ISSN 1617-9854, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 143-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-services are used as the cornerstones for modelling interaction points of cooperating IT systems, within and between enterprises. So far, research and development of e-services have mainly focused on an operational perspective, such as the development of standards for message exchanges and service coordination. However, on a strategic level, the success of e-services depends on their ability to work as a medium for the exchange of business values. In this paper, we present an approach that utilizes goal and business models as the foundation for designing e-services. The approach can be used to ensure that the developed e-services support the desired goals and business values of involved actors. A case study from the Swedish health care sector is used to ground and apply the presented approach.

  • 13. Halleux, P.
    et al.
    Mathieu, L.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    A method to support the alignment of business models and goal models2008In: CEUR Workshop Proc., 2008, p. 120-134Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses one part of business and IT-alignment by proposing a method to align goal models and business models. The method takes as input a goal model and a business model, and outputs a business model that is aligned with the explicit goals of a business actor. The method builds on previous work with the same approach but extends that work in at least two ways: the syntax of some method constituents is altered and a way to combine them is introduced. The result is an improved method that better support a modeller when designing business models based on goal models.

  • 14.
    Johannesson, Paul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Weigand, Hans
    Enterprise Modelling for Value Based Service Analysis2008In: Practice Of Enterprise Modeling / [ed] Stirna, J; Persson, A, 2008, Vol. 15, p. 153-167Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service oriented architectures are becoming increasingly important as enablers of exchange, coordination. and cooperation between organizations and individuals. Engineering and management of services raise a number of issues concerning the analysis, design, integration, bundling, and maintenance of services. These issues are notoriously difficult to resolve due to the abstractness of services as compared to other kinds of resources. In this paper, we analyze the concept of service based on a number of definitions from the literature and propose a conceptual service model based on the REA ontology. The model relates the service notion to the resource concept and shows how the abstractions offered by services can be represented using an encapsulation relationship. The use of the proposed service model is illustrated by means of an application oil marketing oriented representation and design of services.

  • 15.
    Johannesson, Paul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Weigand, H.
    Resource Analysis and Classification for Purpose Driven Value Model Design2010In: International Journal of Information System Modeling and Design, ISSN 1947-8186, E-ISSN 1947-8194, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 56-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business and IT systems are today facing an ever more complex environment characterised by openness, variety, and change. In order to cope with this environmental complexity, organisations need effective instruments for managing their knowledge. Essential among these instruments are enterprise models, i.e. computational representations of the structure, processes, information, resources, and goals of organisations. When using enterprise modeling for analysing and designing business scenarios and networks, the reasoning should not start from business processes and activities but from notions at a higher level of abstraction. This can be done by focusing on the business motivation behind processes and expressing it in value models, i.e. models focusing on high level and business oriented objects like resources, actors, resource conversions, and resource exchanges. The declarative orientation of value models make them attractive for a number of different purposes, including profitability analysis, marketing analysis, process design, and service analysis. As value models can be used for many different purposes, there is a risk that they will become overloaded, complex, and difficult to understand. Therefore, when designing a value model, its purpose should be explicitly stated in order to focus the analysis. The goal of this article is to show how the purpose of a value model should influence its design. The approach builds on an analysis and classification of resources, resource conversions, and resource exchanges.

  • 16.
    Johannesson, Paul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Wohed, Petia
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Business Process Management with Social Software Systems: A New Paradigm for Work Organisation2009In: BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT WORKSHOPS / [ed] Ardagna D; Mecella M; Yang J, 2009, Vol. 17, p. 659-665Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business process management systems are systems aimed to support the management of business processes in organizations. In recent years social software has emerged as all alternative approach for production and work management. In this paper, we contrast the two, identify and analyse similarities and differences, and propose a set of guidelines Suggesting how they can be used ill complementary ways to support work in organizations.

  • 17. Lin, H.
    et al.
    Zhang, R.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    A conceptual model of connection of strategies and operations in organisations: A perspective of management control2010In: International Journal of Services and Operations, ISSN 1741-539X, E-ISSN 1741-5403, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 158-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a conceptual framework of management control systems in the informational perspective, in order to connect strategies and operations. The framework takes strategic planning and control as a whole, and integrates diagnostic control and interactive control into the same framework. It conceptualises the related functions to five components, and shows their interactions and work flows. Formulation and implementation of strategies or strategic change are explained under this framework, focusing on the roles of diagnostic control and interactive control. We use enterprise modelling techniques, i* and e3 value, to describe goal model, business model and their alignment. The connection model is to improve organisational effectiveness and efficiency, by discovering and correcting deviations and taking opportunities. To illustrate and validate the model, a case study is done, showing how the framework works for bridging strategies and operations and how strategic change could be triggered and implemented under the framework.

  • 18. Mojtahed, V.
    et al.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Kabilan, Vandana
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    BOM++, a semantically enriched BOM2008In: Simul. Interoperability Stand. Organ. - Simul. Interoperability Workshop Spring, Workshop Pap., 2008, p. 315-326Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Defence Conceptual Modelling Framework (DCMF) is the Swedish Defence Research Agency's (FOI) proposal to deal with conceptual modelling in the military domain. The vision of the DCMF is to enable composability, interoperability and reuse of knowledge for modelling and simulation. The final products, the conceptual models, are called Mission Space Models (MSMs), following the original CMMS proposal (proposed by the US DoD). However, the representation formalisation for the MSMs is still under research. To find a suitable representation template we are currently investigating several proposals of which the Base Object Model (BOM) is one. In this paper, we introduce two different proposals for semantic enhancements of BOM for enabling representation of the MSM conceptual models.

  • 19.
    Shahzad, Khurram
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Ilayperuma, Tharaka
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Jayaweera, Prasad
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Elicitation of Requirements for a Business Process Model Repository2009In: BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT WORKSHOPS / [ed] Ardagna D; Mecella M; Yang J, 2009, Vol. 17, p. 44-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, there exist a number of process repositories with the aim of supporting the reuse of process models. Designing such repositories is a complex task, which should be guided by clear requirements. In order to support the development of future process repositories, we propose and justify a set of requirements for such repositories. These requirements are based on a number of essential properties of process repositories as well as a set of use cases. Furthermore, we carry out a Survey and evaluation of a number of existing repositories based on the requirements identified in this paper.

  • 20. Wangler, B.
    et al.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Conceptual models and levels of modeling2006In: 5th International Conference on Business Informatics Research, BIR 2006, International Conference on Business Informatics Research , 2006, p. 9-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conceptual modeling is a powerful tool for describing, defining and understanding some world under consideration. To properly understand conceptual modeling one can turn conceptual modeling on itself and develop meta models. In this paper we inquiry into the relation between conceptual models and meta models. We identify and discuss some issues in modeling and in meta modeling that have puzzled our minds in recent work with ontologies.

  • 21. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Arachchige, J. J.
    Describing coordination services with REA2010In: CAiSE 2010 Workshop BUSITAL’10, 2010, p. 120-134Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coordination services are services, possibly implemented as web services, that support the coordination of (real-world) services that a consumer would like to take. To support users of a future Internet of Services, the effect of the coordination services must be described in such a way that users are not only able to discover services but also to detect and prevent possible conflicts in their composition. In this paper, REA is applied as a solution approach to this requirement. The REA business ontology has proven to be a good foundation for the description of services, but we argue that its conceptualization of commitments can be improved.

  • 22. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    The value of a META perspective in social innovation2016In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, CEUR-WS , 2016, p. 50-64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collective Awareness Platforms (CAP) have been promoted as an enabler of social innovation. A CAP supports the collection of data (quantitative and qualitative, and using all the technical possibilities that are rapidly becoming available, e.g. sensors), the integration of the data, and the presentation of results to the community in order to adapt their behavior or develop new behavior patterns. Typically, a CAP has many stakeholders. To support the development and maintenance of CAPs, we propose the notion of META-CAP, a platform that allows participants to reflect on the CAP from a value and collaboration perspective. The META-CAP architecture described in this paper is evaluated from the perspective of socio-technical design.

  • 23. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Value-based service modeling and design: Toward a unified view of services2009In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering, Proceedings, Springer, 2009, p. 410-424Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service-oriented architectures are the upcoming business standard for realizing enterprise information systems, thus creating a need for analysis and design methods that are truly service-oriented. Most research on this topic so far takes a software engineering perspective. For a proper alignment between business and IT, a service perspective at the business level is needed as well. In this paper, a unified view of services is introduced by means of a service ontology, service classification and service layer architecture. On the basis of these service models, a service design method is proposed and applied to a case from the literature. The design method capitalizes on existing value modeling approaches.

  • 24. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Arachchige, J. J.
    Closing the user-centric service coordination cycle2010In: CAiSE Forum'10, 2010, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the future vision of an Internet of Services, users take an active role in service selection and composition. In this context, web services are mostly interfaces to real services and can be classified as coordination services with respect to the latter. To enable users to perform service composition, the effect of the coordination services must be described in such a way that users are not only able to discover services but also to detect and prevent possible conflicts in their composition. To meet these requirements, a service description language for coordination services is proposed based on the REA business ontology.

  • 25. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Arachchige, J. J.
    Closing the user-centric service coordination cycle by means of coordination services2011In: CAiSE Forum 2010 on Information Systems Evolution, 2011, p. 267-282Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the future vision of an Internet of Services, users take an active role in service selection and composition. In this context, web services are mostly interfaces to real services and can be classified as coordination services with respect to the latter. To enable users to perform service composition, the effect of the coordination services must be described in such a way that users are not only able to discover services but also to detect and prevent possible conflicts in their composition. To meet these requirements, a service description language for coordination services is proposed based on the REA business ontology.

  • 26. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    Dayperuma, Tharaka
    Strategic analysis using value modeling - The c3-value approach2007In: 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2007. HICSS 2007, IEEE Computer Society, 2007, p. 4076731-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E3-value has proven to be a useful modeling technique and method to support the analysis of business models. However, for strategic analysis, the representation of a business model is not sufficient, as it does not include the rationale behind the model. In this paper, yve propose an extension of e3-value to support strategic analysis on three dimensions competition analysis, customer analysis and capability analysis.

  • 27. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Ilayperuma, Tharaka
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    On the notion of value object2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is increasingly recognized that business models offer an abstraction that is useful not only in the exploration of new business networks but also for the design and redesign of operational business processes. Among others, they can be used as input for a risk analysis that is crucial in cross-organizational business process design. However, the notion of value object is up till now not clearly defined. In this paper we investigate the notion of value, value objects and the activities involved when transferring value objects between business actors. We illustrate the proposed value object model by applying it on the well-known conference case.

  • 28. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Ilayperuma, Tharaka
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Zdravkovic, Jelena
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Value-based service design based on a general service architecture2008In: CEUR Workshop Proc., 2008, p. 88-103Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service-oriented architectures are the upcoming business standard for realizing enterprise information systems, thus creating a need for analysis and design methods that are truly service-oriented. Most research on this topic so far takes a software engineering perspective. For a proper alignment between the business and the IT, a service perspective at the business level is needed as well. In this paper, definitions of "service" are analyzed, resulting in a set of models for the service concept. On the basis of this service architecture, a service design method is proposed and applied to a case from the literature. The design method capitalizes on existing value modeling approaches.

  • 29. Weigand, H.
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Jayasinghe Arachchige, J.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Management services - A framework for design2011In: 23rd International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2011, 2011, p. 582-596Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Service-Oriented Architecture has rapidly become the de facto standard for modern information systems. Although recently considerable research attention has been paid to the management of services, several gaps can still be observed. Service management as far as it is automated is either mixed up with the operational service logic itself, or handled in a separate not service-oriented system, such as a BAM platform. In addition, there is a growing business demand for value-driven service management. In this paper, a general framework for management service design is presented that covers both business services and software services and is rooted in the business ontology REA, extended with a REA management ontology. The framework is applied to two different case studies, one in the Italian wine industry and one related to a robot cleaner.

  • 30. Weigand, Hans
    et al.
    Johannesson, Paul
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC).
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    KTH.
    Edirisuriya, Ananda
    KTH.
    Ilayperuma, Tharaka
    KTH.
    Value object analysis and the transformation from value model to process model2007In: ENTERPRISE INTEROPERABILITY: NEW CHALLENGES AND APPROACHES / [ed] Doumeingts, G Muller, J Morel, G Vallespir, B, Tilburg Univ, Dept Informat Management, NL-5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands. [Ilayperuma, Tharaka] Royal Inst Technol, Dept Comp Sci & Syst Sci, Stockholm, Sweden.: SPRINGER-VERLAG LONDON LTD , 2007, p. 55-+Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31. Wohed, P.
    et al.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Meta-modelling as a means for improved communication and interoperability: The case of frisco2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unclear and disparate terminology are causing problems in the area of information system development. To address these issues, modelling frameworks and ontologies based on solid philosophical and logical foundations have been developed. Hypothesizing that a diagrammatic interface will be beneficial for comprehension and communication resulting in wider dissemination, we propose a UML-based meta-model of one of those frameworks-Frisco. The analysis done during the development of the meta-model resulted in identification of a number of ambiguities in the framework. Discussion of these as well as suggestions of ways to solve them are also presented.

  • 32. Wohed, P.
    et al.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Reconciliation of two business modelling frameworks2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Addressed in this paper is the problem of conceptual heterogeneity within the field of information systems. Two frameworks, Frisco and Söderström, each reflecting this heterogeneity, are presented. They are analysed and an reconciliation attempt of them is provided. The reconciliation points at some strengths and weaknesses in each framework.

  • 33. Wohed, P
    et al.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Panetto, H
    Facilitating interoperability: A cross-analysis of the language UEML and the standard ISO/DIS 194402006In: BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT WORKSHOPS / [ed] Bussler, C; Haller, A, BERLIN: SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN , 2006, Vol. 3812, p. 257-268Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years Interoperability and Interoperable Enterprise Applications has gained a central place on the IS development arena. Presented in this paper is a cross-analysis of two languages for enterprise modelling and information systems development. The languages are the Unified Enterprise Modelling Language (UEML) and ISO/DIS 19440. The purpose of this cross-analysis is to make the languages more complete and well defined. The analysis includes a mapping between the languages. The results of the analysis can be used for further development of the languages which in the long run will beneficial for the interoperability of enterprises modelled in them.

  • 34.
    Wohed, Petia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Johannesson, P.
    Open source workflow systems2010In: Modern Business Process Automation: YAWL and its Support Environment, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2010, p. 401-434Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this chapter is to broaden the reader's knowledge in the area of open sourceWfMS. To achieve this we introduce three other open sourceWfMSs. These are OpenWFE, jBPM and Enhydra Shark, which according to download statistics (July 2008) are the open source systems with the largest number of downloads (closely followed by YAWL). The purpose of the presentation is not to provide detailed insight into each of these systems, but rather to expose the reader to different approaches and to discuss the similarities and differences of these approaches with regard to YAWL. The chapter is divided into three parts, each describing one system. The descriptions follow the same format as much as possible. First, some background information is given. Subsequently, the architecture is described. Then an introduction to the underlying process modeling language is given from control-flow, data, and resource perspectives. After that, a part of the Order Fulfillment case is modeled and the solution briefly discussed. Each description concludes with a brief comparison of the system and YAWL. All files containing the discussed examples are distributed for test-runs with the electronic supplement of the book.

  • 35.
    Wohed, Petia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Russell, Nick
    ter Hofstede, Arthur H. M.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    van der Aalst, Wil M. P.
    Open source workflow: A viable direction for BPM? Extended abstract2008In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering, Proceedings / [ed] Bellahsene, Z; Leonard, M, 2008, Vol. 5074, p. 583-586Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the growing interest in open source software in general and business process management and workflow systems in particular, it is worthwhile investigating the state of open source workflow management. The plethora of these offerings (recent surveys such as [4,6], each contain more than 30 such systems) triggers the following two obvious questions: (1) how do these systems compare to each other; and (2) how do they compare to their commercial counterparts. To answer these questions we have undertaken a detailed analysis of three of the most widely used open source workflow management systems [1]: jBPM, OpenWFE, and Enhydra Shark. Another obvious candidate would have been the open-source workflow management system YAWL ( www.yawlfoundation.org ). However, given the authors’ close involvement in the development of YAWL, we did not include it in our evaluation.

  • 36.
    Wohed, Petia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Russell, Nick
    ter Hofstede, Arthur H. M.
    Andersson, Birger
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    van der Aalst, Wil M. P.
    Patterns-based evaluation of open source BPM systems: The cases of jBPM, OpenWFE, and Enhydra Shark2009In: Information and Software Technology, ISSN 0950-5849, E-ISSN 1873-6025, Vol. 51, no 8, p. 1187-1216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In keeping with the proliferation of free software development initiatives and the increased interest in the business process management domain, many open source workflow and business process management systems have appeared during the last few years and are now under active development. This upsurge gives rise to two important questions: What are the capabilities of these systems? and How do they compare to each other and to their closed source counterparts? In other words: What is the state-of-the-art in the area?. To gain an insight into these questions, we have conducted an in-depth analysis of three of the major open source workflow management systems - jBPM, OpenWFE, and Enhydra Shark, the results of which are reported here. This analysis is based on the workflow patterns framework and provides a continuation of the series of evaluations performed using the same framework on closed source systems, business process modelling languages, and web-service composition standards. The results from evaluations of the three open source systems are compared with each other and also with the results from evaluations of three representative closed source systems: Staffware, WebSphere MQ and Oracle BPEL PM. The overall conclusion is that open source systems are targeted more toward developers rather than business analysts. They generally provide less support for the patterns than closed source systems, particularly with respect to the resource perspective, i.e. the various ways in which work is distributed amongst business users and managed through to completion.

1 - 36 of 36
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