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  • 1.
    Levihn, Fabian
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Tongur, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial marketing. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Business Development and Entrepreneurship.
    A New wave for Diesel2011In: Technology and the Global Challenges: Security, Energy Water and the Environment, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapidly increasing demand from emerging economies, depletion of existing crude oil resources, the discovery rate of new resources, climate change issues and more will affect future oil prices. Will this mean an end to the usage of internal combustion engines (ICE) in heavy-duty vehicle configurations or will these engines see new improvements along their trajectory? This report is an analysis of lessons from the development of ICE efficiency during past oil crises. Based on the analysis conclusions are drawn on the possible development of ICEs assuming a future scenario of higher oil prices. More specific the new policy scenario from IEAs world energy outlook 2010 is used. By analyzing the braked specific fuel consumption (BSFC) contra the oil price over time, important findings indicates the span for future possible development regarding energy efficiency. History shows that manufacturer continuously have improved energy efficiency of heavy-duty vehicles. As such the main finding from this study raises the question: Will we see a new wave of development in the future scenario?

  • 2. Sundelin, Hakan
    et al.
    Gustaysson, Martin G. H.
    Tongur, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    The Maturity of Electric Road Systems2016In: 2016 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR AIRCRAFT, RAILWAY, SHIP PROPULSION AND ROAD VEHICLES & INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIFICATION CONFERENCE (ESARS-ITEC), IEEE , 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric Road System (ERS) is a technology concept that has the potential to heavily reduce fossil fuel dependency. ERS is defined by dynamic power transfer from the road to the vehicle while the vehicle is in motion and could be achieved through different power transfer technologies from the road to the vehicle such as rail, overhead-line, and wireless solutions. The investment cost to implement ERS will be high and decision makers will require knowledge about how mature different solutions are compared to the conventional and alternative technologies. However, while there are numerous ERS development and demonstration projects globally, it is unclear which technological solution that is best suited for large scale implementation. Drawing on the method associated with Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs), this article evaluates the maturity level of the different ERS technologies and focuses on the power transfer technology subsystem. Thereby it contributes to discourse on sustainable transportation and the development of ERS.

  • 3.
    Tongur, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Economics and Management (Div.).
    Exploring business models and discontinuous innovation: The transition towards the Electric Road System (ERS)2013Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Tongur, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Preparing for takeoff: Analyzing the development of electric road systems from a business model perspective2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric road systems (ERS) are road transportation systems based on technologies that support electric power transfer from roads to vehicles in motion. Transition toward alternative technologies, such as ERS, is necessary in order to achieve the sustainability goals in road transportation. While several studies have emphasized that new business models are necessary in order to commercialize such technologies, they tend to neglect the fact thatmany of these technologies require socio-technical change, such as investments in alternative infrastructure.Hence, this thesis examines the relationship between business models and socio-technical change.

    The research was explorative and based on two case studies investigating the development of ERS: a longitudinal case study in Sweden and an in-depth case study in Los Angeles, USA. The findings suggest different roles that business models can have in different types of projects when preparing ERS for commercial takeoff: first, new business models were not part of the pilot projects which focused on radical innovation; second, business models were developed in demonstration projects with user interactions; and, third, business models were evaluated, and in this case rejected, in a deployment project aiming to transform the existing socio-technical system.

    Given these findings, this thesis argues that the business model concept could be used as a perspective from which to understand the evolutionary processes that take place during the early phases of transition, and that the challenges of commercializing and deploying systemic innovations, such as ERS, are more complex than often accounted for in the business model and sustainability transition literature.

    This thesis also discusses whether or not ERS is likely to take off. Thereby, this research nuances our view of predevelopment processes of a niche innovation before it has actually taken off and improves our understanding of what hinders and enables sustainable transitions.

  • 5.
    Tongur, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    The empowerment dilemma of niche advocatesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Given sustainability challenges, it is crucial to develop sustainable technologies that reduce emissions and oil dependency and increase energy efficiency. Transition literature advocates creating niches where learning activities can occur, but internalniche development alone is insufficient. The niche empowerment concept has attracted attention for its utility in analyzing how alternative technologies with sustainability potential can diffuse beyond niches and become commercialized. As few studies consider how firms choose empowerment strategies, depending on their selection environments, this paper analyses business model barriers in niche projects implemented in different institutional contexts. This paper compares two electric road system (ERS) demonstration projects, analyzing how their contexts influence the niche advocate’s empowerment strategy. The projects were largely similar, suiting them for comparison, though their barriers to creating a business model differed, affecting the empowerment processes facilitating wider transition of the socio-technical regime. Analyzing the empirical data indicated that the niche advocate implemented two empowerment approaches in the two similar ERS demonstration projects: a “fit-and-conform” process in Gävle and a “stretch-and-transform” process in LA. The paper identifies a dilemma whereby no single niche empowerment strategy can overcome the business model barriers; accordingly, niche advocates must develop an empowerment strategy that simultaneously deploys both strategies.

  • 6.
    Tongur, Stefan
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Economics and Management (Div.).
    The perception on the alleged paradigm shift towards electric vehicles2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Tongur, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Angelis, Jannis
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Disruptive technology and servitisation2013In: Disruptive technology and servitisation, 2013, p. 147-153Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the introduction of product-service offerings in which the manufacturing firmmay loose its product based competitive advantage. Conceptually, the study furthers understanding of therole that capabilities have in servitisation. It also establishes the link between product-service system anddiscontinuous innovation. Empirically, the study provides insights into management considerations whenfaced with the dilemma of having to pursue product service propositions that weaken or marginaliseexisting product or technology based capability advantages. This affects firm value proposition, creationand capture in a substantially different way than in existing servitisation models.

  • 8.
    Tongur, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Economics and Management (Div.).
    Blomgren, Henrik
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial marketing. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Business Development and Entrepreneurship.
    Service-oriented business models in the development of electric road systems2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Tongur, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Engwall, Mats
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Exploring window of opportunity dynamics in infrastructure transformation2017In: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 25, p. 82-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how infrastructure investments could create conditions favoring the commercialization of sustainable niche technologies. While the transition literature has traditionally treated existing infrastructure as a barrier, recent research has emphasized that infrastructure transformation can function as a facilitator, helping sustainable niche technologies break through. However, few have investigated the dynamics of such processes. This paper conceptualizes how window of opportunity dynamics can arise during infrastructure transformation. The paper is based on a case study of the planning of the I-710 Project in Southern California, the first infrastructure project in which zero-emission truck technology was to be deployed on a large scale. This paper illustrates how infrastructure transformation can play a contradictory role, acting as a barrier or facilitator depending on the niche empowerment processes. Furthermore, this paper addresses the selection mechanisms of infrastructure projects and the interplay between infrastructure design and the business models underlying niche innovations.

  • 10.
    Tongur, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Engwall, Mats
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    The business model dilemma of technology shifts2014In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 34, no 9, p. 525-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology shifts are lethal to many manufacturing companies. Previous research indicates that this is not purely a problem of technological innovation, but is also closely related to the inertia of business models and business model innovation. This paper inquires into the dynamics of this intersection between technology and business models. Anchored in a case study in the automotive industry, it reveals how a potential technology shift constitutes a business model dilemma for firms leading in the existing technology. The paper illustrates why technology shifts are so difficult to master and contributes to theory by suggesting that managing technology shifts does not require either technology or service innovation in order to create a viable business model, but instead a compound of both. Furthermore, the paper applies a business model perspective to illustrate the explanatory power of analyzing the challenges of technology shifts faced by incumbent firms.

  • 11.
    Tongur, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Sundelin, Hakan
    The Electric Road System Transition from a system to a System-of-Systems2016In: 2016 ASIAN CONFERENCE ON ENERGY, POWER AND TRANSPORTATION ELECTRIFICATION (ACEPT), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric roads have had a pleasant journey through the research landscape but are now about to enter the "valley of death." The basic technologies for dynamic power transfer from the road to vehicles in motion has been developed through various research projects across the globe, largely supported by public funding. Electric road systems (ERS) will soon be tested on public roads, but is still a long way from constituting a large-scale commercial system. While ERS has gained recognition as a technological solution, few studies address the necessary system transition from a holistic perspective. This article addresses this gap by presenting the state of the art of ERS and examining future use case scenarios and stakeholder implications. The purpose of this article is accordingly to examine how ERS not only constitutes a technical development challenge, but also radically increases technical, business, and systems complexity. This article illustrates how ERS will likely evolve from a system to a system of systems and the likely changes in the business and system architecture occurring during this transformation will be analyzed. Finally, future challenges will be discussed.

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