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  • 1.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Edlund, Ulrica
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Degradable polymers with tailored properties for biomedical materials2009In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 238Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Odelius, Karin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Controlled synthesis of star-shaped homo- and co-polymers of aliphatic polyesters2006In: 7th International Biorelated Polymers Symposium, 2006, 37-38 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenges in finding a material with the proper characteristics for a given tissue engineering application are several. One solution is improving the ability to tailor the mechanical and physical properties along with the degradation profile of aliphatic polyesters, by for example alterations in their composition and architecture. In this study, well-defined star-shaped aliphatic polyesters constituted of four arms were synthesized. As a model system, L,L-lactide and a spirocyclic tin initiator was chosen and the affect of the solvent, temperature and monomer-to-initiator ratio on the number average molecular weight, the molecular weight distribution and the conversion of the polymers was shown. Consecutively, we proved that well-defined star-shaped block copolymers composed of 1,5-dioxepan-2-one and L,L-lactide with narrow molecular weight distributions and controlled block lengths can be synthesized using this system.

  • 3.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Varma, Indra Kumari
    Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Dehli, India.
    Lochab, Bimlesh
    Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Dehli, India.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Kumar, Kamlesh
    Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Dehli, India.
    Design and Syntesis of Different Types of Poly(Lactic acid)2010In: Poly(Lactic Acid): Synthesis, Structures, Properties, Processing and Applications / [ed] Rafael Auras, Loong-Tak Lim, Susan E. M. Selke, Hideto Tsuji, John Wiley & Sons, 2010, 43-58 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andronova, Natalia
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne, Anna
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Fibrillar structure of resorbable microblock copolymers based on 1,5-dioxepan-2-one and epsilon-caprolactone2003In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 41, no 15, 2412-2423 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The copolymerization of 1,5-dioxepan-2-one (DXO) and E-caprolactone, initiated by a five-membered cyclic tin alkoxide initiator, was performed in chloroform at 60 degreesC. Copolymers with different molar ratios of DXO (25, 40, and 60%) were synthesized and characterized. C-13 NMR spectroscopy of the carbonyl region revealed the formation of copolymers with a blocklike structure. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements showed that all the copolymers had a single glass transition between -57 and -49 degreesC and a melting temperature in the range of 30.1-47.7 degreesC, both of which were correlated with the amount of DXO. An increase in the amount of DXO led to an increase in the glass-transition temperature and to a decrease in the melting temperature. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis measurements confirmed the results of the calorimetric analysis, showing a single sharp drop in the storage modulus in the temperature region corresponding to the glass transition. Tensile testing demonstrated good mechanical properties with a tensile strength of 27-39 MPa and an elongation at break of up to 1400%. The morphology of the copolymers was examined with polarized optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy; the films that crystallized from the melt showed a short fibrillar structure (with a length of 0.05-0.4 mum) in contrast to the untreated solution-cast films. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 5. Arvidson, K.
    et al.
    Abdallah, B. M.
    Applegate, L. A.
    Baldini, N.
    Cenni, E.
    Gomez-Barrena, E.
    Granchi, D.
    Kassem, M.
    Konttinen, Y. T.
    Mustafa, K.
    Pioletti, D. P.
    Sillat, T.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Bone regeneration and stem cells2011In: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine (Print), ISSN 1582-1838, Vol. 15, no 4, 718-746 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Bone fracture healing and healing problems Biomaterial scaffolds and tissue engineering in bone formation Bone tissue engineering Biomaterial scaffolds Synthetic scaffolds Micro- and nanostructural properties of scaffolds Conclusion Mesenchymal stem cells and osteogenesis Bone tissue Origin of osteoblasts Isolation and characterization of bone marrow derived MSC In vitro differentiation of MSC into osteoblast lineage cells In vivo differentiation of MSC into bone Factors and pathways controlling osteoblast differentiation of hMSC Defining the relationship between osteoblast and adipocyte differentiation from MSC MSC and sex hormones Effect of aging on osteoblastogenesis Conclusion Embryonic, foetal and adult stem cells in osteogenesis Cell-based therapies for bone Specific features of bone cells needed to be advantageous for clinical use Development of therapeutic biological agents Clinical application concerns Conclusion Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), growth factors and osteogenesis PRP effects in vitro on the cells involved in bone repair PRP effects on osteoblasts PRP effects on osteoclasts PRP effects on endothelial cells PRP effects in vivo on experimental animals The clinical use of PRP for bone repair Non-union Distraction osteogenesis Spinal fusion Foot and ankle surgery Total knee arthroplasty Odontostomatology and maxillofacial surgery Conclusion Molecular control of osteogenesis TGF-beta signalling FGF signalling IGF signalling PDGF signalling MAPK signalling pathway Wnt signalling pathway Hedgehog signalling Notch signalling Ephrin signalling Transcription factors regulating osteoblast differentiation Conclusion Summary This invited review covers research areas of central importance for orthopaedic and maxillofacial bone tissue repair, including normal fracture healing and healing problems, biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering, mesenchymal and foetal stem cells, effects of sex steroids on mesenchymal stem cells, use of platelet-rich plasma for tissue repair, osteogenesis and its molecular markers. A variety of cells in addition to stem cells, as well as advances in materials science to meet specific requirements for bone and soft tissue regeneration by addition of bioactive molecules, are discussed.

  • 6. Bartaula-Brevik, Sushma
    et al.
    Pedersen, Torbjorn O.
    Blois, Anna L.
    Papadakou, Panagiota
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Xue, Ying
    Bolstad, Anne Isine
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Leukocyte transmigration into tissue-engineered constructs is influenced by endothelial cells through Toll-like receptor signaling2014In: Stem Cell Research & Therapy, E-ISSN 1757-6512, Vol. 5, 143- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Inflammation plays a crucial role in tissue regeneration, wound healing, and the success of tissue-engineered constructs. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs) on leukocyte transmigration when co-cultured with primary human bone marrow-derived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs). Methods: MSCs with and without ECs were cultured in poly (L-lactide-co-1, 5-dioxepan-2-one) (poly (LLA-co-DXO)) scaffolds for 1 week in vitro in a bioreactor system, after which they were implanted subcutaneously in non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mice. After 1 and 3 weeks, scaffolds were retrieved, and the mRNA expression of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, IL-10, hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1 alpha), HIF-1 beta, and mammalian target of rapamycin was examined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Furthermore, immunofluorescent staining was performed for IL-1 beta, IL-6, neutrophils, and CD11b. In addition, Western blotting was done for IL-1 beta and IL-6. Leukocyte transmigration genes and genes in Toll-like receptor pathways, expressed by MSCs cultured in vitro with or without ECs, were further investigated with a microarray dataset. Results: In vitro, genes involved in leukocyte transmigration and Toll-like receptor pathways were clearly influenced by the addition of ECs. Platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) and cadherin-5 (CDH5), both genes involved in leukocyte transmigration, were expressed significantly higher in the MSC/EC group. In vivo, the MSC/EC group showed higher mRNA expression of hypoxia-inducible factors HIF-1 alpha and HIF-1 beta. The mRNA expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 showed no significant difference, whereas the mRNA and protein expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta and IL-6 were lower in the MSC/EC group. The quantitative analysis of immunofluorescent staining revealed a significant difference in the number of neutrophils migrating into constructs, with the highest density found in the MSC/EC group. The number of macrophages positive for IL-6 and CD11b was significantly reduced in the MSC/EC group. Conclusions: The recruitment of leukocytes into tissue-engineered constructs with MSCs is strongly influenced by the addition of ECs via activation of leukocyte transmigration and Toll-like receptor pathways.

  • 7. Bartaula-Brevik, Sushma
    et al.
    Pedersen, Torbjorn O.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Bolstad, Anne Isine
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Angiogenic and Immunomodulatory Properties of Endothelial and Mesenchymal Stem Cells2016In: Tissue Engineering. Part A, ISSN 1937-3341, E-ISSN 1937-335X, Vol. 22, no 3-4, 244-252 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that the effect of implanted cells on the local environment is important when selecting the appropriate cell type for tissue regeneration. Our aim was to compare the local tissue response to implanted human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC). MSC and EC were cultured in poly(l-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) scaffolds for 1 week in a bioreactor system, after which they were implanted subcutaneously in NOD/SCID mice. After 3 weeks, scaffolds were retrieved, and the mRNA expression of selected genes involved in hypoxia and inflammation was examined by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and correlated with immunofluorescent staining for corresponding proteins. The Toll-like receptor signaling pathway was examined by superarray hybridization. The expression of 53 angiogenesis-related proteins was investigated by a proteome profiler angiogenesis antibody array kit. Vascularization was quantified using immunohistochemistry for CD31. The expression of hypoxia-inducible factors and biomarkers for angiogenesis was more strongly upregulated in response to implanted EC than to MSC, suggesting a higher sensitivity to low oxygen tension among EC. Hypoxic signaling was increased after implantation of EC compared with MSC, leading to a prolonged acute inflammatory phase that promoted ingrowth of vascular cells and establishment of the circulation. Inflammatory cytokines were also differently expressed at the gene and protein levels in the two experimental groups, resulting in altered recruitment of acute and chronic inflammatory cells. The end result of these differences was increased vessel formation within the constructs in the EC group.

  • 8. Danmark, Staffan
    et al.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Wendel, Mikael
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Osteogenic Differentiation by Rat Bone Marrow Stromal Cells on Customized Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds2010In: Journal of bioactive and compatible polymers (Print), ISSN 0883-9115, E-ISSN 1530-8030, Vol. 25, no 2, 207-223 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this report, poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone), poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one), poly(LLA-co-DXO) were evaluated and compared for potential use in bone tissue engineering constructs together with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC). The copolymers were tailored to reduce the level of harmful tin residuals in the scaffolding. BMSC isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats were seeded onto the scaffolds and cultured in vitro for up to 21 days. Cell spreading and proliferation was analyzed after 72 h by scanning electron microscopy and thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) conversion assay. Osteogenic differentiation of BMSC was evaluated by real-time PCR after 14 and 21 days of culture. Hydrophilicity was significantly different between poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) with the latter being more hydrophilic. After 72 h, both scaffolds supported increased cell proliferation and the mRNA expression of osteocalcin and osteopontin was significantly increased after 21 days. Further investigation of these constructs, with lower levels of tin residuals, are being pursued.

  • 9.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Patarroyo, Manuel
    Institutionen for Odontologi, Karolinska Institute.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Insititutt for klinisk Odontologi, Medicinska och Odontologiska Fakulteten, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Integrin-mediated adhesion of human mesenchymal stem cells to extracellular matrix proteins adsorbed to polymer surfaces2012In: Biomedical Materials, ISSN 1748-6041, Vol. 7, no 3, 035011- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In vitro, degradable aliphatic polyesters are widely used as cell carriers for bone tissue engineering, despite their lack of biological cues. Their biological active surface is rather determined by an adsorbed layer of proteins from the surrounding media. Initial cell fate, including adhesion and proliferation, which are key properties for efficient cell carriers, is determined by the adsorbed layer of proteins. Herein we have investigated the ability of human bone marrow derived stem cells (hBMSC) to adhere to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, including fibronectin and vitronectin which are present in plasma and serum. hBMSC expressed integrins for collagens, laminins, fibronectin and vitronectin. Accordingly, hBMSC strongly adhered to these purified ECM proteins by using the corresponding integrins. Although purified fibronectin and vitronectin adsorbed to aliphatic polyesters to a lower extent than to cell culture polystyrene, these low levels were sufficient to mediate adhesion of hBMSC. It was found that plasma- and serum-coated polystyrene adsorbed significant levels of both fibronectin and vitronectin, and fibronectin was identified as the major adhesive component of plasma for hBMSC; however, aliphatic polyesters adsorbed minimal levels of fibronectin under similar conditions resulting in impaired cell adhesion. Altogether, the results suggest that the efficiency of aliphatic polyesters cell carriers could be improved by increasing their ability to adsorb fibronectin.

  • 10.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Edlund, Ulrica
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Insititutt for klinisk Odontologi, Medicinska och Odontologiska Fakulteten, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Enhanced Osteoconductivity of Degradable co-Polyester Scaffolds through Covalent Immobilization of BMP-2Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Schander, K.
    Hakkarainen, Minna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Arvidson, K.
    Mustafa, K.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    In vitro and in vivo degradation profile of aliphatic polyesters subjected to electron beam sterilization2011In: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 7, no 5, 2035-2046 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Degradation characteristics in response to electron beam sterilization of designed and biodegradable aliphatic polyester scaffolds are relevant for clinically successful synthetic graft tissue regeneration Scaffold degradation in vitro and in vivo were documented and correlated to the macroscopic structure and chemical design of the original polymer The materials tested were of inherently diverse hydrophobicity and crystallinity poly(L-lactide) (poly(LLA)) and random copolymers from L-lactide and epsilon-caprolactone or 1.5-dioxepan-2-one, fabricated into porous and non-porous scaffolds After sterilization, the samples underwent hydrolysis in vitro for up to a year In vivo, scaffolds were surgically implanted into rat calvarial defects and retrieved for analysis after 28 and 91 days In vitro, poly(L-lactide-co-1, 5-dioxepan-2-one) (poly(LLA-co-DXO)) samples degraded most rapidly during hydrolysis, due to the pronounced chain-shortening reaction caused by the sterilization. This was indicated by the rapid decrease in both mass and molecular weight of poly(LLA-co-DXO). Poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (poly(LLA-co-CL)) samples were also strongly affected by sterilization, but mass loss was more gradual; molecular weight decreased rapidly during hydrolysis Least affected by sterilization were the poly(LLA) samples, which subsequently showed low mass loss rate and molecular weight decrease during hydrolysis. Mechanical stability varied greatly. poly(LLA-co-CL) withstood mechanical testing for up to 182 days, while poly(LLA) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) samples quickly became too brittle Poly(LLA-co-DXO) samples unexpectedly degraded more rapidly in vitro than in vivo. After sterilization by electron beam irradiation, the three biodegradable polymers present widely diverse degradation profiles, both in vitro and in vivo. Each exhibits the potential to be tailored to meet diverse clinical tissue engineering requirements

  • 12.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Gladnikoff, Micha
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Frisk, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Zelenina, Marina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Russom, Aman
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Development of a novel microfluidic device for long-term in situ monitoring of live cells in 3-dimensional matrices2012In: Biomedical microdevices (Print), ISSN 1387-2176, E-ISSN 1572-8781, Vol. 14, no 5, 885-893 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the latest innovations in microfabrication technology, 3-dimensional microfluidic cell culture systems have been developed as an attractive alternative to traditional 2-dimensional culturing systems as a model for long-term microscale cell-based research. Most microfluidic systems are based on the embedding of cells in hydrogels. However, physiologically realistic conditions based on hydrogels are difficult to obtain and the systems are often too complicated. We have developed a microfluidic cell culture device that incorporates a biodegradable rigid 3D polymer scaffold using standard soft lithography methods. The device permits repeated high-resolution fluorescent imaging of live cell populations within the matrix over a 4 week period. It was also possible to track cell development at the same spatial location throughout this time. In addition, human primary periodontal ligament cells were induced to produce quantifiable calcium deposits within the system. This simple and versatile device should be readily applicable for cell-based studies that require long-term culture and high-resolution bioimaging.

  • 13.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Gladnikoff, Micha
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Frisk, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Zelenina, Marina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Insititutt for klinisk Odontologi, Medicinska och Odontologiska Fakulteten, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Russom, Aman
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Development of Novel Microfluidic Device for Long-Term in situ Monitoring of Live Cells in 3-dimensional MatricesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Fagerland, Jenny
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Mapping the synthesis and the impact of low molecular weight PLGA-g-PEG on sol-gel properties to design hierarchical porous scaffolds2013In: Journal of polymer research, ISSN 1022-9760, E-ISSN 1572-8935, Vol. 21, no 1, 337- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)-functionalized poly(l-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (PLCL) porous scaffolds have shown promising results in bone tissue regeneration studies. It is believed that even better results are achieved by hierarchical porous scaffolds and a designed sequential release of growth factors. We therefore synthesized (l-lactide-co-glycolide)-g-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA-g-PEG) oligomers which could be injected into PLCL porous scaffolds. They were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization and carefully characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), and size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The sol-gel transition temperature, pH, and functional life were determined and correlated with the molecular structure of PLGA-g-PEG. We found that low molecular weight PLGA-g-PEG was obtained and poly(l-lactide-co-glycolide-co-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether) (PLGA-MPEG) appeared to contribute to gelation. It was possible to design a system that formed a hydrogel within 1 min at 37 A degrees C with a pH between 6 and 7 and with a functional life of around 1 month. These low molecular weight thermosensitive PLGA-g-PEG oligomers, which can be injected into PLCL scaffolds, appear promising for bone tissue engineering applications.

  • 15.
    Fagerland, Jenny
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Numata, Keiji
    Short One-Pot Chemo-Enzymatic Synthesis of L-Lysine and L-Alanine Diblock Co-Oligopeptides2014In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 15, no 3, 735-743 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Amphiphilic diblock co-oligopeptides are interesting and functional macromolecular materials for biomedical applications because of their self-assembling properties. Here, we developed a synthesis method for diblock co-oligopeptides by using chemo-enzymatic polymerization, which was a relatively short (30 min) and efficient reaction (over 40% yield). Block and random oligo(L-lysine-co-L-alanine) [oligo(Lys-co-Ala)] were synthesized using activated papain as enzymatic catalyst. The reaction time was optimized according to kinetic studies of oligo(L-alanine) and oligo(L-lysine). Using H-1 NMR spectroscopy and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, we confirmed that diblock and random co-oligopeptides were synthesized. Optical microscopy further revealed differences in the crystalline morphology between random and block co-oligopeptides. Plate-like, hexagonal, and hollow crystals were formed due to the strong impact of the monomer distribution and pH of the solution. The different crystalline structures open up interesting possibilities to form materials for both tissue engineering and controlled drug/gene delivery systems.

  • 16.
    Fagerland, Jenny
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Numata, Keiji
    Short one-pot chemo-enzymatic synthesis of L-lysine and L-alanine diblock copolypeptidesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Fagerland, Jenny
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Pappalardo, Daniela
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. University of Sannio, Italy.
    Modulating the thermal properties of poly(hydroxybutyrate) by the copolymerization of rac-beta-butyrolactone with lactide2016In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, E-ISSN 1369-9261, Vol. 40, no 9, 7671-7679 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biobased poly(hydroxybutyrate) is produced by microorganisms under controlled conditions. It is a linear, high molecular weight, fully isotactic and highly crystalline polymer. However, it has poor mechanical and thermal properties. We have modulated the thermal properties of this material by ring-opening co-polymerization of rac-beta-butyrolactone (BL) with lactide (LA) in the presence of salan-based yttrium and aluminum catalysts. The prepared poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-lactide) copolymers were characterized by proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance (H-1 and C-13 NMR), size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses. The salan-yttrium compound was a more effective catalyst compared to the aluminum compound, affording high molecular weight copolymers with higher monomer conversion and a monomodal distribution of the molecular weights. The kinetic experiments showed a higher rate of polymerization for the LA with respect to the BL. The copolymers were amorphous and DSC showed unique transition temperatures for all of the samples. The formation of a gradient copolymer is proposed.

  • 18.
    Finne, Anna
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Novel Possibilities for Advanced Molecular Structure Design for Polymers and Networks2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic and degradable polymers are an attractive choicein many areas, since it is possible to control the way in whichthey are manufactured; more specifically, pathways tomanipulate the architecture, the mechanical properties and thedegradation times have been identified. In this work,L-lactide, 1,5-dioxepan-2-one and ε-caprolactone were usedas monomers to synthesize polymers with different architecturesby ring-opening polymerization. By using novel initiators,triblock copolymers, functionalized linear macromonomers andstar-shaped aliphatic polyesters with well-defined structureshave been synthesized. To synthesize triblock copolymers,cyclic germanium initiators were studied. The polymerizationproceeded in a controlled manner although the reaction rateswere low. To introduce functionality into the polymer backbone,functionalized cyclic tin alkoxides were prepared and used asinitiators. During the insertion-coordination polymerization,the initiator fragment consisting mainly of a double bond wasincorporated into the polymer backbone. The double bond wasalso successfully epoxidized and this gave unique possibilitiesof synthesizing graft polymers with precise spacing. Themacromonomer technique is a very effective method for producingwell-defined graft polymers. Spirocyclic tin initiators weresynthesized and used to construct star-shaped polymers. Thestar-shaped polymers were subsequently crosslinked in apolycondensation reaction. These crosslinked structures swelledin water, and swelling tests showed that by changing thestructure of the hydrogel network, the degree of swelling canbe altered. A first evaluation of the surface characteristicsof the linear triblock copolymers was also performed. AFManalysis of the heat-treated surfaces revealed nanometer-scalefibers and tests showed that keratinocytes were able to growand proliferate on these surfaces.

  • 19.
    Finne, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Controlled synthesis of star-shaped L-lactide polymers using new spirocyclic tin initiators2002In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 3, no 4, 684-690 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reaction between pentaerythritol ethoxylate compounds and dibutyltin oxide was developed as a route to synthesize two new spirocyclic tin initiators. The initiators were successfully synthesized and they were characterized by H-1 NMR and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The H-1 NMR spectra showed the characteristic signals for the methylene protons in the ether chains. Furthermore, the usefulness of the new initiators was examined in ring-opening polymerizations of L-lactide in chloroform at 60 degreesC. L-Lactide was polymerized at monomer-to-initiator ([M]/[I]) ratios between 20 and 500. The results indicated that the initiation was instantaneous and that the molecular weight distribution was very narrow, <1.13, The number average molecular weight could be controlled by the [M]/[I] ratio, and the yield was very high. H-1 NMR, size exclusion chromatography, and DSC were used to clarify the architecture, The expected results were obtained. The star-shaped polymers had a smaller hydrodynamic volume, and the melting point was lower than that obtained for the corresponding linear poly(L-lactide).

  • 20.
    Finne, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    New functionalized polyesters to achieve controlled architectures2004In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 42, no 3, 444-452 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following our continued interest in the production of bioerodible and biodegradable functional polymers for biomedical applications, we synthesized and characterized new unsaturated polyesters. The presence of functional groups in the polymer backbone provided sites for chemical modification, and through a variation in the structure, the physical properties, such as the hydrophilicity and solubility, could be affected. With 1,1-di-n-butyl-stanna-2,7-dioxacyclo-4-heptene as the initiator in the ring-opening polymerization of polyesters, a new set of functionalized polyesters was created. The polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone resulted in poly(epsilon-caprolactone) with a double bond incorporated into the structure. The polymers were obtained in a controlled manner with low molecular dispersities. The double bond was previously incorporated into L-lactide polymers, and the two reactions were compared in this study. The conversion of E-caprolactone, with a degree of polymerization of 50, was completed within 140 min, whereas for L-lactide, only a 45% conversion took place in the same period of time. The dispersities were somewhat higher with E-caprolactone because of the higher reaction rate and, therefore, lower selectivity. The incorporated C-C double bond in the polyesters provided a variety of opportunities for further modifications. In this case, the double bond of the L-lactide macromonomers was oxidized into epoxides. Epoxidation was carried out with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid as a chemical reagent. The conversion of the double bonds into epoxides was completed, and the obtained yields were good (>95%). As a result of the mild reaction conditions, the epoxidation of the double bond was carried out quantitatively without any side reactions.

  • 21.
    Finne, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Polyester hydrogels with swelling properties controlled by the polymer architecture, molecular weight, and crosslinking agent2003In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 41, no 9, 1296-1305 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrogels of poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) and hydrogels of block copolymers of poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) and poly(L-lactide) were synthesized. Both star-shaped polymers and linear polymers were polymerized with ring-opening polymerization and crosslinked in situ with a tetrafunctional acid chloride (1,2,3,4-cyclopentane tetracarboxylic acid chloride) or a difunctional acid chloride (succinyl chloride). Different network architectures were synthesized in this way. The initial monomer concentrations and the molecular weights of the macromonomers were also altered. The networks were characterized with H-1 NMR and differential scanning calorimetry, and the swelling abilities of the different hydrogels were investigated in water and dichloromethane. The ratio of the monomer to the crosslinking agent was assessed by the quantification of the signal intensities in the H-1 NMR spectra of the swelled network and agreed with the theoretical crosslinking density. Both the homopolymers of 1,5-dioxepan-2-one and the copolymers of 1,5-dioxepan-2-one and L-lactide swelled to a high degree in water. The swelling properties of the materials could be varied over a broad range by changes in the architecture, molecular weight, and content of the precursor in the network. Star-shaped poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) crosslinked with a difunctional acid chloride had the highest degree of swelling among the different homopolymer hydrogels. This network also had the lowest glass-transition temperature because of the flexible units in the structure. The same trends found for the homopolymer hydrogels were also seen in the hydrogels with block copolymers. The hydrogels swelled enormously in dichloromethane, and as in water, the star-shaped copolymer crosslinked with a difunctional acid chloride had the highest degree of swelling.

  • 22.
    Finne, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Andronova, Natalia
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Well-organized phase-separated nanostructured surfaces of hydrophilic/hydrophobic ABA triblock copolymers2003In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 4, no 5, 1451-1456 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Finne, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Reema,
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Use of germanium initiators in ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide2003In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 41, no 19, 3074-3082 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three different, new germanium initiators were used for ring-opening polymerization Of L-lactide. Chlorobenzene and 120 degreesC was a usable polymerization system for solution polymerization, and the results from the polymerizations depended on the initiator structure and bulkiness around the insertion site. The average molecular weights as measured by size exclusion chromatography increased linearly with the monomer conversion, and the molecular weight dispersity was around 1.2 for initiators 1 and 2, whereas it was around 1.4 for initiator 3. The average molecular weight of poly(L-lactide) could be controlled with all three initiators by adding different ratios of monomer and initiator. The reaction rate for the solution polymerization was, however, overall extremely slow. With an initial monomer concentration of 1 M and a monomer-to-initiator ratio of 50, the conversion was 93% after 161 h for the fastest initiator. In bulk polymerization, 160 degreesC, the conversion was 90% after 10 h.

  • 24.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    The use of polymer design in resorbable colloids2006In: Annual review of materials research (Print), ISSN 1531-7331, E-ISSN 1545-4118, Vol. 36, 369-395 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade, researchers in the field of polymer chemistry have developed a wide range of very powerful procedures for constructing ever-more-sophisticated polymers. These methods subsequently have been used in suitable systems to solve specific medical problems. This is complicated, and many key factors such as mechanical properties, biocompatibility, biodegradation, stability, and degradation profile must be considered. Colloid particle systems can be used to solve many biomedical- and pharmaceutical-related problems, and it is expected that nanotechnology can be used to develop these materials, devices, and systems even further. For example, an injectible scaffold system with a defined release and degradation profile has huge potential for the repair and regeneration of damaged tissues. This short, nonexhaustive review presents examples of polymer architecture in resorbable particles that have been compared and tested in biomedical applications. We also discuss the design of polymers for core-shell structures.

  • 25.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Tuned mechanical properties achieved by varying polymer structure: Knowledge that generates new materials for tissue engineering2007In: Chinese Journal of Polymer Science, ISSN 0256-7679, Vol. 25, no 2, 113-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By changing both the monomer composition and the polymer structure, we have varied the mechanical properties of resorbable polymers. The polymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization using L-lactide (LLA), epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon CL), trimethylene carbonate (TMC) and 1,5-dioxepan-2-one (DXO) as monomers. Well-defined triblock copolymers, microblock copolymers and networks have been evaluated, and comparisons between them show that it is possible to tune the mechanical properties. Triblock copolymers with an amorphous middle block of poly(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) (PDXO) and semi-crystalline end-blocks of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) were stronger and had a higher strain at break than triblock copolymers with poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) as end-blocks. Polymers with both DXO and TMC in the amorphous middle-block and PLLA as end-blocks showed a lower stress at break, but the material gained elasticity, a property which is very valuable in tissue engineering. Mechanical properties of networks, synthesized by a novel method, containing PDXO and PCL are also presented. Although it is difficult to compare them with the uncross-linked polymers, this is an additional way to modify and widen the properties.

  • 26.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Kwon, Oh Hyeong
    Kawazoe, Naoki
    Chen, Guoping
    Kang, Inn-Kyu
    Hasuda, Hirokazu
    Gong, Jiansheng
    Ito, Yoshihiro
    Resorbable Scaffolds from Three Different Techniques: Electrospun Fabrics, Salt-Leaching Porous Films, and Smooth Flat Surfaces2008In: Macromolecular Bioscience, ISSN 1616-5187, E-ISSN 1616-5195, Vol. 8, no 10, 951-959 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanofibrous scaffolds of poly[(L-lactide)-co-(1,5-dioxepan-2-one)] generated by electrospinning have been compared with porous films obtained by solvent cast/salt leaching and homogeneous films. A comparison between the fibrous materials and the homogeneous solvent-cast films revelead that the surface of the nanofibers was more hydrophobic and that the nanofibers were degraded more rapidly in the presence of proteinase. It was obvious that the strain-to-break was reduced by the nanofiber formation, it decreased from 370% to 130% independent of fiber diameter. These values were however considerably higher than the strain-to-break of the solvent-cast/salt leaching scaffold. In addition, the nanofibrous material accelerated the adhesion and growth of the mesenchymal stem cell compared to the smooth material.

  • 27.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Hakkarainen, Minna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Polylactide:  2011In: Handbook of Engineering and Speciality Thermoplastics: Polyethers and Polyesters / [ed] S. Thomas and V. P.M., Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2011, 349-376 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The production of durable functional products without using petroleumbased raw materials is a focus of much academic research today but it is also prioritized by many industries. Many questions still remain concerning the use, production and properties of bio-based and/or degradable polymers and whether or not they are more environmentally friendly than oil-based products. Polylactide is a bio-based compostable thermoplastic that is considered as one of the most promising materials for replacement of traditional volume plastics. The properties of polylactide can be tuned to resemble polystyrene, poly(ethylene terephthalate) or polyolefins by controlling the stereochemistry by copolymerization or blending. This chapter reviews the life-cycle of polylactide based materials as well as the properties and applications. The recent trends in the area are also discussed.

  • 28.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Ryner, M.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Polymer Technology.
    Degradable polymers: Design, synthesis and testing2003In: Macromolecular Symposia, ISSN 1022-1360, E-ISSN 1521-3900, Vol. 195, 241-246 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The object for our research is to mimic Nature's perfectly designed resorbable materials to obtain important materials, which are biocompatible and degradable. We have therefore synthesized different architectures and copolymers of aliphatic polyesters with ring-opening polymerization. The first studies of these materials properties show that properties like hydrophilicity and tensile properties can be controlled.

  • 29.
    Fuoco, Tiziana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. University of Salerno, Italy.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Pappalardo, Daniela
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. University of Sannio, Italy.
    A Route to Aliphatic Poly(ester)s with Thiol Pendant Groups: From Monomer Design to Editable Porous Scaffolds2016In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 17, no 4, 1383-1394 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biodegradable aliphatic polyesters such as poly(lactide) and poly(ϵ-caprolactone), largely used in tissue engineering applications, lack suitable functional groups and biological cues to enable interactions with cells. Because of the ubiquity of thiol groups in the biological environment and the pliability of thiol chemistry, we aimed to design and synthesize poly(ester) chains bearing pendant thiol-protected groups. To achieve this, 3-methyl-6-(tritylthiomethyl)-1,4-dioxane-2,5-dione, a lactide-type monomer possessing a pendant thiol-protected group, was synthesized. This molecule, when used as a monomer in controlled ring-opening polymerization in combination with lactide and ϵ-caprolactone, appeared to be a convenient "building block" for the preparation of functionalized aliphatic copolyesters, which were easily modified further. A polymeric sample bearing pyridyl disulfide groups, able to bind a cysteine-containing peptide, was efficiently obtained from a two-step modification reaction. Porous scaffolds were then prepared by blending this latter copolymer sample with poly(l-lactide-co-ϵ-caprolactone) followed by salt leaching. A further disulfide exchange reaction performed in aqueous medium formed porous scaffolds with covalently linked arginine-glycine-aspartic acid sequences. The scaffolds were characterized by thermal and mechanical tests, and scanning electron microscopy surface images revealed a highly porous morphology. Moreover, a cytotoxicity test indicated good cell viability.

  • 30.
    Fuoco, Tiziana
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Pappalardo, Daniela
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. Department of Science and Technology, University of Sannio, via dei Mulini 59/A, 82100 Benevento, Italy.
    Wistrand, Anna Finne
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Redox-Responsive Disulfide Cross-Linked PLA-PEG Nanoparticles2017In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 50, no 18, 7052-7061 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a strategy for the preparation of redox-responsive PEG PLA-based nanoparticles containing disulfide bonds that can be disassembled in the presence of cellular concentrations of glutathione. Functionalized poly-(lactide)s were prepared by ring-opening copolymerization of L-lactide and 3-methyl-6-(tritylthiomethyl)-1,4-dioxane-2,5-dione, a monomer bearing a pendant trityl-thiol group, followed by the postpolymerization modification of trityl-thiol into pyridyl disulfide groups. Polymeric networks composed of PLA and PEG blocks linked by disulfide bonds were prepared by a disulfide exchange reaction between the functionalized PLAs and telechelic PEG having thiol groups at both ends, HS-PEG-SH, in DMF. When dialyzed against water, they assembled into dispersible nanoparticles, with a flowerlike structure having a hydrophobic core and a hydrophilic shell, with sizes in the range 167-300 nm that are suitable for drug delivery. The effects of the number of functional groups, molecular weight, and concentration on the nanoparticle size were evaluated. The stability of the nanoparticles after dilution and the redox-responsive behavior in the presence of different concentrations of glutathione were assessed. The hydrophobic molecule Nile red could be encapsulated in the nanoparticles and then released in the presence of glutathione at cellular concentration.

  • 31.
    Glavas, Lidija
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Guo, Baolin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Odelius, Karin
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Tuned electrical conductivity by macromolecular architecture: Electroactive and degradable block copolymers based on polyesters and aniline oligomers2012In: Abstract of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 244Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Degradable and Electroactive Hydrogels with Tunable Electrical Conductivity and Swelling Behavior2011In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 23, no 5, 1254-1262 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Degradable electrically conducting hydrogels (DECHs), which combine the unique properties of degradable polymers and electrically conducting hydrogels, were synthesized by introducing biodegradable segments into conductive hydrogels. These DECHs were obtained by joining together the photopolymerized macromer acrylated poly(D,L-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactide) (AC-PLA-PEG-PLA-AC), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) network and aniline tetramer (AT) by the coupling reaction between AT and the GMA The electrical conductivity and swelling behavior of these DECHs were tuned by changing the AT content in the hydrogels, the cross-linking degree, and the environmental pH value. The good electroactivity and thermal stability of these hydrogels were demonstrated by UV-vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and TGA tests. The chemical structure and morphology of these polymers were characterized by NMR, FT-IR, SEC, and SEM. These hydrogels possessing both degradability and electrical conductivity represent a new class of biomaterial and will lead to various new possibilities in biomedical applications.

  • 33.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Electroactive Hydrophilic Polylactide Surface by Covalent Modification with Tetraaniline2012In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 45, no 2, 652-659 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Covalent surface functionalization is presented as a versatile tool to increase the hydrophilicity and to introduce the electroactivity of polyester films. Acrylic acid and maleic anhydride were photografted onto a polylactide (PLA) surface with a "grafting from" method to increase the surface wettability, and the subsequent coupling of conductive aniline oligomer was used to introduce electroactivity to the PLA surface. The photopolymerization of maleic anhydride and acrylic acid and the coupling, of aniline tetramer (AT) were characterized by FT-IR, UV, and TGA. The surface morphology of the PLA surface before and after modification was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). A medium hydrophilic surface of PLA was achieved by surface modification with maleic anhydride, acrylic acid, and AT. An electrically conductive surface was obtained after grafting with AT, and the conductivity increased with increasing AT content on the surface. The hydrophilic and electroactive surface of polyesters while retaining their bulk properties offers new possibilities in biomedical applications, such as bone, cartilage, neural, and cardiovascular tissue engineering.

  • 34.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Enhanced Electrical Conductivity by Macromolecular Architecture: Hyperbranched Electroactive and Degradable Block Copolymers Based on Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and Aniline Pentamer2010In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 43, no 10, 4472-4480 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present macromolecular architecture design as a useful tool to enhance the conductivity of degradable polymers. Linear and hyperbranched copolymers with electrical conductivity and biodegradability were synthesized by an "A(2) + B-n (n=2, 3, 4)" strategy using carboxyl-capped aniline pen tamer (CCAP) and branched poly(epsilon-caprolactone)s (PCLs) by coupling reactions. A more hydrophilic surface and lower crystallinity of the doped emeraldine state of aniline pentamer (EM A P) copolymer was achieved compared with PCLs, and TGA results demonstrated that the CCAP contents in the copolymers were almost the same. The structure of the polymers was characterized by FT-IR. NMR, and SEC. Good electroactivity of the copolymers was confirmed by UV and cyclic voltammetry (CV), and CV showed three pairs of redox peaks. The hyperbranched copolymers had a higher conductivity than the linear ones. It is suggested that the higher conductivity of the hyperbranched copolymer is due to the ordered distribution of peripheral EMAP segments that more easily form a conductive network. Therefore, the conductivity of the polymers is improved and controlled by the macromolecular architecture.

  • 35.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Facile Synthesis of Degradable and Electrically Conductive Polysaccharide Hydrogels2011In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 12, no 7, 2601-2609 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Degradable and electrically conductive polysaccharide hydrogels (DECPHs) have been synthesized by functionalizing polysaccharide with conductive aniline oligomers. DECPHs based on chitosan (CS), aniline tetramer (AT), and glutaraldehyde were obtained by a facile one-pot reaction by using the amine group of CS and AT under mild conditions, which avoids the multistep reactions and tedious purification involved in the synthesis of degradable conductive hydrogels in our previous work. Interestingly, these one-pot hydrogels possess good film-forming properties, electrical conductivity, and a pH-sensitive swelling behavior. The chemical structure and morphology before and after swelling of the hydrogels were verified by FT-IR, NMR, and SEM. The conductivity of the hydrogels was tuned by adjusting the content of AT. The swelling ratio of the hydrogels was altered by the content of tetraaniline and crosslinker. The hydrogels underwent slow degradation in a buffer solution. The hydrogels obtained by this facile approach provide new possibilities in biomedical applications, for example, biodegradable conductive hydrogels, films, and scaffolds for cardiovascular tissue engineering and controlled drug delivery.

  • 36.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Molecular Achitecture of electroactive and biodegradable copolymers composed of polyactide and carboxyl-capped aniline trimer2010In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 11, no 4, 855-863 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    wo-, four-, and six-armed branched copolymers with electroactive and biodegradable properties were synthesized by coupling reactions between poly(l-lactides) (PLLAs) with different architecture and carboxyl-capped aniline trimer (CCAT). The aniline oligomer CCAT was prepared from amino-capped aniline trimer and succinic anhydride. FT-IR, NMR, and SEC analyses confirmed the structure of the branched copolymers. UV−vis spectra and cyclic voltammetry of CCAT and copolymer solution showed good electroactive properties, similar to those of polyaniline. The water contact angle of the PLLAs was the highest, followed by the undoped copolymer and the doped copolymers. The values of doped four-armed copolymers were 54−63°. Thermal properties of the polymers were studied by DSC and TGA. The copolymers had better thermal stability than the pure PLLAs, and the Tg between 48−58 °C and Tm between 146−177 °C of the copolymers were lower than those of the pure PLLA counterparts. This kind of electroactive and biodegradable copolymer has a great potential for applications in cardiovascular or neuronal tissue engineering.

  • 37.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Simple Route to Size-Tunable Degradable and Electroactive Nanoparticles from the Self-Assembly of Conducting Coil-Rod-Coil Triblock Copolymers2011In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 23, no 17, 4045-4055 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A simple route to size-tunable nanoparticles from the self-assembly of degradable and electrically conductive coil rod coil triblock copolymers based on an aliphatic polyester and conducting species is presented. A series of coil rod coil triblock copolymers consisting of a middle aniline pentamer (AP) segment and two polycaprolactone (PCL) segments were easily synthesized by a combination of a ring-opening polymerization of CL initiated by an aniline dimer (AD) giving AD-PCL and an oxidative coupling reaction between the AD-PCL and p-phenylenediamine. This strategy avoids the multistep reaction used in previous work. The electroactivity of these copolymers was investigated by UV and cyclic voltammetry. The conductivity of the copolymers was dependent on the AP content and the conductivity mechanism of the triblock copolymers is discussed. Interestingly, these triblock copolymers can undergo self-assembly in selective solvent such as CHCl(3) as indicated by NMR and transmission electron microscope (TEM) observations. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) showed that the size of the nanoparticles was dependent on the molecular weight of the copolymers and on the oxidation state of the AP, The morphology of the nanoparticles was studied by TEM and SEM. These triblock copolymers and their size-tunable nanopartides with degradability and electroactivity offer new possibilities in biomedical applications, such as controlled drug delivery, biosensors, and cardiovascular and neural tissue engineering.

  • 38.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Universal Two-Step Approach to Degradable and Electroactive Block Copolymers and Networks from Combined Ring-Opening Polymerization and Post-Functionalization via Oxidative Coupling Reactions2011In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 44, no 13, 5227-5236 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a universal strategy for the facile synthesis of degradable and electroactive block copolymers and organogels (DEBCGs) based on aniline oligomers and polyesters in a two-step approach, here exemplified by the preparation of a series of DECBCGs based on aniline tetramer (AT) and poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL). Polyesters with an aniline dimer (AD) segment were first obtained by controlled ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of e-caprolactone initiated by the amine group of AD with or without 2,2-bis(epsilon-caprolactone-4-yl) propane (BCP). The postpolymerization modification via an oxidative coupling reaction between AD and a polyester was then used to form the electroactive segment AT in the copolymers or organogels. The molecular weight and conductivity of the block copolymers and organogels were controlled by the AT content. The chemical structure, electroactivity, and thermal properties of DEBCGs were investigated by FT-IR, NMR, SEC, UV, cyclic voltammetry, TGA, and DSC. Our general strategy for the synthesis of DECBCGs avoids the multiple step reactions and low efficiency involved in previous work.

  • 39.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Versatile Functionalization of Polyester Hydrogels with Electroactive Aniline Oligomers2011In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 49, no 9, 2097-2105 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Functionalizing aliphatic polyester hydrogels with an aniline oligomer is a means of achieving electrically conductive and degradable hydrogels. To lower the aniline oligomer content while maintaining a high conductivity and to overcome the acidic degradation product from polylactide reported in our previous work, a series of electroactive and degradable hydrogels based on polycaprolactone (PCL) hydrogels and carboxyl-capped aniline pentamer (CCAP) were synthesized by a simple coupling reaction at room temperature. The reaction was carried out between the hydroxyl groups of hydroxyethylmethacrylate in a photopolymerized glycidyl methacrylate (GMA)-functionalized PCL-poly(ethylene glycol)-PCL degradable network and carboxyl group of CCAP, using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide as water-condensing agent and 4-dimethylamino-pyridine as catalyst. The electroactivity of the hydrogels was verified by cyclic voltammetry, which showed three pairs of redox peaks. The electrical conductivities and swelling ratios of these hydrogels were controlled by the CCAP content, the poly(ethylene glycol) molecular weight in the macromer, and the crosslinking density of the hydrogels.

  • 40.
    Guo, Baolin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Sun, Yang
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Electroactive porous tubular scaffolds with degradability and non-cytotoxicity for neural tissue regeneration2011In: Acta Biomaterialia, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 8, no 1, 144-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electroactive degradable porous tubular scaffolds were fabricated from the blends of polycaprolactone and a hyperbranched degradable conducting copolymer at different feed ratios by a solution-casting/salt-leaching method. Scaning electron microscopy (SEM) and microcomputed tomography tests indicated that these scaffolds had homogeneously distributed interconnected pores on the cross-section and surface. The electrical conductivity of films with the same composition as the scaffolds was between 3.4×10(-6) and 3.1×10(-7)Scm(-1), depending on the ratio of hyperbranched degradable conducting copolymer to polycaprolactone. A hydrophilic surface with a contact angle of water about 30° was achieved by doping the films with (±)-10-camphorsulfonic acid. The mechanical properties of the films were investigated by tensile tests, and the morphology of the films was studied by SEM. The scaffolds were subjected to the WST test (a cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay using water-soluble tetrazolium salts) with HaCaT keratinocyte cells, and the results show that these scaffolds are non-cytotoxic. These degradable electroactive tubular scaffolds are good candidates for neural tissue engineering application.

  • 41.
    Hakkarainen, Minna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Update on polylactide based materials2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today both scientists and industry are working to develop more environmentally friendly processes and materials. One of the most current topics is the development of energy and materials from renewable resources. There are fascinating developments in this area and advanced designed products can today be formed in an environmentally friendly way. Polylactide based materials are among the most promising synthetic renewable resource based materials. There is currently extensive research going on to develop polylactide based materials for different applications. These developments include both the use of new resources, development of more effective and environmentally friendly processes as well as modification and tailoring of material properties and degradability to broaden the application range.

    This book discusses recent developments in polylactide based materials including the whole spectra from different material modifications, applications and properties to new advanced synthesis procedures. When it comes to degradable materials, an important aspect is also the influence of different modifications on material properties, degradability and degradation products. The different chapters present new emerging processes and synthetic techniques as well as different material modifications obtained by copolymerization or blending with degradable or inert, natural or synthetic polymers. In addition advancements and developments in polylactide stereocomplexes, nanocomposites and biocomposites are presented. The book is of interest both from the basic and applied science point of view as it presents the latest trends and demonstrates the versatility and great potential of polylactide based materials. Hopefully the book can inspire the reader to further develop synthesis procedures or new ways to modify polylactide materials to broaden the properties to suit new applications.

  • 42. Idris, Shaza B.
    et al.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Bolstad, Anne Isine
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Biocompatibility of Polyester Scaffolds with Fibroblasts and Osteoblast-like Cells for Bone Tissue Engineering2010In: Journal of bioactive and compatible polymers (Print), ISSN 0883-9115, E-ISSN 1530-8030, Vol. 25, no 6, 567-583 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity and cytocompatibility of the developed aliphatic polyester co-polymer scaffolds: poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) and poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one). The scaffolds were produced by solvent casting and particulate leaching, and tested by direct and indirect contact cytotoxicity assays on human osteoblast-like cells and mouse fibroblasts. Cell morphology was documented by light and scanning electron microscopy. Viability was assessed by the MTT, neutral red uptake, lactic dehydrogenase and apoptosis assays. Extraction tests confirmed that the scaffolds did not have a cytotoxic effect on the cells. The cells grew and spread well on the test scaffolds with good cellular attachment and viability. The scaffolds are noncytotoxic and biocompatible with the two cell types and warrant continued investigation as potential constructs for bone tissue engineering.

  • 43. Idris, Shaza B.
    et al.
    Isine Bolstad, Anne
    Ibrahim, Saleh O.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Arvidsson, Kristina
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Global Gene Expression Profile of Osteoblast-Like Cells Grown on Polyester Copolymer Scaffolds2011In: Tissue Engineering. Part A, ISSN 1937-3341, Vol. 17, no 21-22, 2817-2831 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the principal goals in tissue engineering is to produce scaffold materials that will guide cells to differentiate and regenerate functional replacement tissue at the site of injury. Poly(l-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [Poly(LLA-co-DXO)], a potential scaffolding material for bone tissue engineering, has high hydrophilicity. Previous in vitro studies using human osteoblast-like cells (HOBs) demonstrated greater cytocompatibility and enhanced osteogenic differentiation when HOBs were seeded onto Poly(LLA-co-DXO) compared to Poly(llactide) [P(LLA)] scaffolds. The aim of the study was to identify the gene expression profiles of HOBs obtained from alveolar bone and grown on Poly(LLA-co-DXO) biodegradable polymer scaffolds compared to P(LLA) one. Illumina HumanWG-6 v3.0 Expression BeadChips were used for the gene expression analysis. Several genes were found as differentially expressed at 24 h and at 21 days. Expression of genes related to cell adhesion, cytoskeleton, antiapoptosis, proliferation, and bone mineralization was influenced by adding the monomer 1,5-dioxepan-2-one to the l-lactide. Genes related to three biological pathways involving Integrin, Notch, and Ras were found to be upregulated. For selected genes, results were confirmed by quantitative reverse transcriptase– polymerase chain reaction. Further, calcium content analysis revealed a significant enhancement of calcium deposition on both tested scaffolds. This observation was confirmed by Von Kossa and Alizarin Red S staining. Findings of this study are relevant to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the behavior of HOBs in bone regenerative procedure.

  • 44. Idris, Shaza Bushra
    et al.
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Plikk, Peter
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Ibrahim, Lah
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Bolstad, Anne Isine
    Mustafa, Kama
    Polyester copolymer scaffolds enhance expression of bone markers in osteoblast-like cells2010In: J BIOMED MATER RES PART A, ISSN 1549-3296, Vol. 94A, no 2, 631-639 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In tissue engineering, the resorbable aliphatic polyester poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) is used as scaffolds in bone regeneration. Copolymers of poly(L-lactide)-co-(epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(LLA-co-CL)] and poly(L-lactide)-co-(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO)], with superior mechanical properties to PLLA, have been developed to be used as scaffolds, but the influence on the osteogenic potential is unclear. This in vitro study of test scaffolds of poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) using PLLA scaffolds as a control demonstrates the attachment and proliferation of human osteoblast-like cells (HOB) as measured by SEM and a methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric assay, and the progression of HOB osteogenesis for up to 3 weeks; expressed as synthesis of the osteoblast differentiation markers: collagen type 1 (Col 1), alkaline phosphatase, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin (OC), osteopontin and runt related gene 2 (Runx2). Surface analysis disclosed excellent surface attachment, spread and penetration of the cells into the pores of the test scaffolds compared to the PLLA. MTT results indicated that test scaffolds enhanced the proliferation of HOBs. Cells grown on the test scaffolds demonstrated higher synthesis of Col 1 and OC and also increased bone markers mRNA expression. Compared to scaffolds of PLLA, the poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) scaffolds enhanced attachment, proliferation, and expression of osteogenic markers by HOBs in vitro. Therefore, these scaffolds might be appropriate carriers for bone engineering. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 94A: 631-639, 2010

  • 45. Kleinhans, C.
    et al.
    Mohan, R.R.
    Vacun, G.
    Schwarz, T.
    Haller, B.
    Sun, Yang
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Kahlig, A.
    Kluger, P.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Walles, H.
    Hansmann, J.
    A perfusion bioreactor system efficiently generates cell-loaded bone substitute materials for addressing critical size bone defects2015In: Biotechnology Journal, ISSN 1860-6768, E-ISSN 1860-7314, Vol. 10, no 11, 1727-1738 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical size bone defects and non-union fractions are still challenging to treat. Cell-loaded bone substitutes have shown improved bone ingrowth and bone formation. However, a lack of methods for homogenously colonizing scaffolds limits the maximum volume of bone grafts. Additionally, therapy robustness is impaired by heterogeneous cell populations after graft generation. Our aim was to establish a technology for generating grafts with a size of 10.5 mm in diameter and 25 mm of height, and thus for grafts suited for treatment of critical size bone defects. Therefore, a novel tailor-made bioreactor system was developed, allowing standardized flow conditions in a porous poly(L-lactide-co-caprolactone) material. Scaffolds were seeded with primary human mesenchymal stem cells derived from four different donors. In contrast to static experimental conditions, homogenous cell distributions were accomplished under dynamic culture. Additionally, culture in the bioreactor system allowed the induction of osteogenic lineage commitment after one week of culture without addition of soluble factors. This was demonstrated by quantitative analysis of calcification and gene expression markers related to osteogenic lineage. In conclusion, the novel bioreactor technology allows efficient and standardized conditions for generating bone substitutes that are suitable for the treatment of critical size defects in humans.

  • 46. Kleinhans, C.
    et al.
    Vacun, G.
    Sun, Yang
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Haller, B.
    Kahlig, A
    Kluger, P. J.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Walles, H.
    Hansmann, J.
    Evaluation of a perfusion bioreactor for efficient seeding and advanced culture conditions of large bone substitute materials addressing critical size defectsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 47. Li, Yan
    et al.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Edlund, Ulrica
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    He, Xu
    Norgard, Maria
    Blomen, Eva
    Hultenby, Kjell
    Andersson, Goran
    Lindgren, Urban
    Resveratrol-conjugated poly-epsilon-caprolactone facilitates in vitro mineralization and in vivo bone regeneration2011In: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 7, no 2, 751-758 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incorporation of osteoinductive factors in a suitable scaffold is considered a promising strategy for generating osteogenic biomaterials. Resveratrol is a polyphenol found in parts of certain plants, including nuts, berries and grapes. It is known to increase DNA synthesis and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in osteoblasts and to prevent femoral bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. In the present study resveratrol was coupled through a hydrolysable covalent bond with the carboxylic acid groups in porous poly-epsilon-caprolactone (PCL) surface grafted with acrylic acid (AA). The osteogenic effect of this new scaffold was evaluated in mesenchymal cell culture and in the rat calvarial defect model. We found that the incorporation of resveratrol caused increased ALP activity of rat bone marrow stromal cells and enhanced mineralization of the cell-scaffold composites in vitro. After 8 weeks the calvarial defects implanted with resveratrol-conjugated PCL displayed a higher X-ray density than the defects implanted with control PCL. Bone-like structures, positively immunostained for bone sialoprotein, were shown to be more extensively formed in the resveratrol-conjugated PCL These results show that incorporation of resveratrol into the AA-functionalized porous PCL scaffold led to a significant increase in osteogenesis. (C) 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 48. Mattioli-Belmonte, M
    et al.
    Biagini, G
    Lucarini, G
    Virgili, L
    Gabbanelli, F
    Amati, S
    Cecchet, F
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Andronova, Natalia
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Suitable materials for soft tissue reconstruction: In vitro studies of cell-triblock copolymer interactions2005In: Journal of bioactive and compatible polymers (Print), ISSN 0883-9115, E-ISSN 1530-8030, Vol. 20, no 6, 509-526 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Keratinocytes and fibroblasts have been grown onto a series of triblock copolymers based on 1,5-dioxepan-2-one (DXO) and L-lactide (LLA). The molar ratio of DXO and LLA were varied in the copolymers. This resulted in different degrees of hydrophilicity, which in turn influenced the cell growth. On these surfaces, the morphological appearance of the cells with their cell movements and growth were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy, time-lapse videomicroscopy and immunohistochemistry. All results clearly showed that the keratinocytes and fibroblasts adhered best to the most hydrophilic copolymers. A majority of the keratinocytes seeded on the most hydrophilic copolymer also presented a polarized morphology indicating a migration tendency. The cell growth onto these materials are interesting since a possible application for these unique materials is as polymeric membranes for guided cutaneous and/or periodontal tissue generation.

  • 49.
    Målberg, Sofia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Basalp, Dildare
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Bio-Safe Synthesis of Linear and Branched PLLA2010In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 48, no 5, 1214-1219 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The catalytic activities of Bi(III) acetate (Bi(OAc)(3)) and of creatinine towards the ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide have been compared with those of a stannous (II) ethylhexanoate ((SnOct)(2))-based system and with those of a system catalyzed by enzymes. All four were suitable catalysts for the synthesis of high and moderate molecular weight poly(L-lactide)s and the differences in reactivity and efficiency have been studied. Linear and branched poly(L-lactide)s were synthesized using these bio-safe initiators together with ethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, and myoinositol as coinitiators. The polymerizations were performed in bulk at 120 and 140 degrees C and different reactivities and molecular weights were achieved by adding different amounts of coinitiators. A molecular weight of 105,900 g/mol was achieved with 99% conversion in 5 h at 120 degrees C with a Bi(OAc)(3)-based system. This system was comparable to Sn(Oct)(2) at 140 degrees C. The reactivity of creatinine is lower than that of Bi(OAc)(3) but higher compared with enzymes lipase PS (Pseudomonas fluorescens). A ratio of Sn(Oct)(2) M-o/I-o 10,000:1 was needed to achieve a polymer with a reasonable low amount of tin residue in the precipitated polymer, and a system catalyzed by creatinine at 140 degrees C has a higher conversion rate than such a system.

  • 50.
    Målberg, Sofia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    The environmental influence in enzymatic polymerization of aliphatic polyesters in bulk and aqueous mini-emulsion2010In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 51, no 23, 5318-5322 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The catalytic effect of enzymes in different environments has been compared. Biodegradable polyesters and corresponding nanoparticles have been synthesized by an "eco-friendly" technique; enzyme-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of lactones in bulk and in an aqueous mini-emulsion. Lipases from Burkholderia cepacia (lipase PS), B. cepacia immobilized on ceramic, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Candida Antarctica have been used as catalysts in the polymerization of L-Lactide (LLA), pentadecanolide (PDL) and hexadecanolide (HDL). The reaction conditions during the bulk polymerization of LLA were varied by adding different amounts of ethylene glycol at 100 degrees C or 125 degrees C. A number average molecular weight (M-n) of 78,100 was obtained when lipase PS was used at 125 degrees C. Lipase PS had a high catalytic activity in an aqueous environment with 100% conversion in 4 h, and the nanoparticles obtained from mini-emulsion polymerization were between 113 and 534 nm in size. The amount of hydrophobe affected the size of the PDL nanoparticles produced, less than the amount of surfactant in both systems.

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