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  • 1.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Interoperability Infrastructure and Incremental learning for unreliable heterogeneous communicating Systems2009Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a broader sense the main research objective of this thesis (and ongoing research work) is distributed knowledge management for mobile dynamic systems. But the primary focus and presented work focuses on communication/interoperability of heterogeneous entities in an infrastructure less paradigm, a distributed resource manipulation infrastructure and distributed learning in the absence of global knowledge. The research objectives achieved discover the design aspects of heterogeneous distributed knowledge systems towards establishing a seamless integration. This thesis doesn’t cover all aspects in this work; rather focuses on interoperability and distributed learning.

    Firstly a discussion on the issues in knowledge management for swarm of heterogeneous entities is presented. This is done in a broader and rather abstract fashion to provide an insight of motivation for interoperability and distributed learning towards knowledge management. Moreover this will also serve the reader to understand the ongoing work and research activities in much broader perspective.

    Primary focus of this thesis is communication/interoperability of heterogeneous entities in an infrastructure less paradigm, a distributed resource manipulation infrastructure and distributed learning in the absence of global knowledge. In dynamic environments for mobile autonomous systems such as robot swarms or mobile software agents there is a need for autonomic publishing and discovery of resources and just-in-time integration for on-the-fly service consumption without any a priori knowledge. SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) serves the purpose of resource reuse and sharing of services different entities. Web services (a SOA manifestation) achieves these objectives but its exploitation in dynamic environments, where the communication infrastructure is lacking, requires a considerable research. Generally Web services are exploited in stable client-server paradigms, which is a pressing assumption when dynamic distributed systems are considered. UDDI (Universal Description Discovery and Integration) is the main pediment in the exploitation of Web services in distributed control and dynamic natured systems. UDDI can be considered as a directory for publication and discovery of categorized Web services but assumes a centralized registry; even if distributed registries and associated mechanism are employed problems of collaborative communication in infrastructure less paradigms are ignored.

    Towards interoperability main contribution this thesis is a mediator-based distributed Web services discovery and invocation middleware, which provides a collaborative and decentralized services discovery and management middleware for infrastructure-less mobile dynamic systems with heterogeneous communication capabilities. Heterogeneity of communication capabilities is abstracted in middleware by a conceptual classification of computing entities on the basis of their communication capabilities and communication issues are resolved via conceptual overlay formation for query propagation in system.

    The proposed and developed middleware has not only been evaluated extensively using Player Stage simulator but also been applied in physical robot swarms. Experimental validations analyze the results in different communication modes i. active and ii. passive mode of communication with and without shared resource conflict resolution. I analyze discoverable Web services with respect to time, services available in complete view of cluster and the impact and resultant improvements in distributed Web services discovery by using caching and semantics.

    Second part of this thesis focuses on distributed learning in the absence of global information. This thesis takes the argument of defeasibility (common-sense inference) as the basis of intelligence in human-beings, in which conclusions/inferences are drawn and refuted at the same time as more information becomes available. The ability of common-sense reasoning to adapt to dynamic environments and reasoning with uncertainty in the absence of global information seems to be best fit for distributed learning for dynamic systems.

    This thesis, thus, overviews epistemic cognition in human beings, which motivates the need of a similar epistemic cognitive solution in fabricated systems and considers formal concept analysis as a case for incremental and distributed learning of formal concepts. Thesis also presents a representational schema for underlying logic formalism and formal concepts. An algorithm for incremental learning and its use-case for robotic navigation, in which robots incrementally learn formal concepts and perform common-sense reasoning for their intelligent navigation, is also presented. Moreover elaboration of the logic formalism employed and details of implementation of developed defeasible reasoning engine is given in the latter half of this thesis.

    In summary, the research results and achievements described in this thesis focus on interoperability and distributed learning for heterogeneous distributed knowledge systems which contributes towards establishing a seamless integration in mobile dynamic systems.

  • 2.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Kungas, Peep
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Semantic Middleware for Robot Swarm Interaction through Web Services2008In: MIC Special Session on Computing Systems in Dynamic Environments / [ed] L. Bruzzone, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose a semantic middleware architecture and communication support for environments with swarm robots. Our main assumption is that robots can communicate via wireless networks while we don't assume high processing power in the robots. Basic advantage of the proposed middleware is the extension of robots' capabilities via access to semantic information and powerful processing engines. The architecture is conformant with main standard solutions and allows reusing intelligent functionality implemented in the external world.

  • 3.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Küngas, Peep
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Mediator-based Distributed Web Services Discovery and Invocation for Infrastructure-less Mobile Dynamic Systems2008In: proceedings of 4th International IEEE Conference of Next generation Web services practices (NWeSP.08), 2008, p. 46-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile autonomous systems like robot swarms or mobile software agents operate in a dynamic environment pertaining self-organization, self configurationand heterogeneity of computing entities.In such settings there is a need for autonomicpublishing and discovery of resources and just-in-timeintegration for on-the-fly service consumption withoutany a priori knowledge of available services both withinthe execution environment and from the outsideworld. We propose a mediator-based distributed Webservices discovery and invocation middleware.Moreover we present experimental results on animplemented robot swarm simulation environment. Wepropose a conceptual classification of computingentities on the basis of communication capabilities andconceptual overlay formation for query propagation.Our approach provides a loose coupling in terms ofspace and time and uses both Internet-basedcommunication and RDF-based communication viamessages mediators/post-boxes between entities wheninter-communication between entities is not possible.

  • 4.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Kungas, Peep
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    DeLP Based Semantic Location Lattice for Intelligent Robotic Navigation2008In: Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ICAI 2008 and Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Machine Learning; Models, Technologies and Applications / [ed] H. Arabnia et al, 2008, p. 686-692Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Location models require a well-defined representation of spatial connectivity and hierarchical relationship between different spatial concepts; and are fundamental for location navigation, location based services and contextual query responses. Current location models rely on a priori knowledge of surrounding environment and mostly the semantics of relationships are over-looked. In this paper we propose an incremental semantic spatial relationship building approach for robotic agents based on formal concept analysis and defeasible reasoning. We consider a number of cases in which an autonomous robot with incomplete information about the environment can perform reasoning and update its location navigation. We use contextual information for establishing strength of partial order relationship between discovered concepts of robotic navigation/computing environment.

  • 5.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Kungas, Peep
    Distributed and Passive Web services discovery middleware for Pervasive services at the edges of Internet2010In: Second International Conferences on Advanced Service Computing SERVICE COMPUTATION, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Kungas, Peep
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Light-Weight Decentralized Autonomic Web Service Discovery for Systems with Heterogeneous Communication Capabilities2008In: the proceedings of 12th IASTED International Conference on Internet and Multimedia Systems and Applications (IMSA.08) / [ed] M. Mandal, 2008, p. 7-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interoperability between autonomous systems like robot swarm or mobile software agents rely on efficient and seamless communication. Such mobile and dynamic environments pertain self-organization and self configuration of computing entities, a need for autonomic publishing and discovery of resources, and communication from and to outside world. Furthermore, such systems are attributed by heterogeneous communication capabilities of various computing entities. We take Web services approach for robot swarm based on robotic communication capabilities and propose a collaborative and decentralized services discovery and management middleware. Our approach provides a loose coupling in terms of space and time and uses both Internet based communication and RFID tags as message post boxes/relays for communication between robots when communication over the Internet is not available.

  • 7.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Küngas, Peep
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Distributed Discovery and Invocation of Web Services in Infrastructure-less Dynamic Environments2009In: International Journal of Web Services Practices (IJWSP), ISSN 1738-6535, Journal of Web Services Practices, ISSN 1738-6535, Vol. 3, no 3-4, p. 171-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile autonomous systems like robot swarms or mobile software agents operate in a dynamic environment pertaining self-organization, selfconfiguration and heterogeneity of computing entities. In such settings there is a need for autonomic publishing and discovery of resources and just-in-time integration for on-the-fly service consumption without any a priori knowledge of available services both within the execution environment and from the outside world. We propose a mediator-based distributed Web services discovery and invocation middleware. Moreover we present experimental results on an implemented robot swarm simulation environment. We propose a conceptual classification of computing entities on the basis of communication capabilities and conceptual overlay formation for query propagation. Our approach provides a loose coupling in terms of space and time and uses both Internet-based communication and RDF-based communication via messages mediators/post-boxes between entities when inter-communication between entities is not possible.

  • 8.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture, Software and Computer Systems, SCS.
    Küngas, Peep
    Distributed Web Services Discovery Middleware for Edges of Internet2010In: IEEE International Conference on Web Services, 2010, p. 680-682Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of mobile computing devices and development of wireless and ad-hoc networking technologies has led to growth of infrastructure-less environments. Mostly, these environments lie at the edges of Internet i.e. they are disconnected/sparsely connected to rest of the world. In order to exploit the access to such edges of Internet, we propose and experimentally evaluate an interoperability middleware that synergizes P2P technology, message queuing support and a passive distributed UDDI for Web services discovery and invocation.

  • 9.
    Iftikhar, Muhammad Kamran
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Haseeb, Abdul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Attribute-based interactions in agent societies for adaptive plan selection2009In: Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ICAI 2009, 2009, p. 71-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration in a society of agents plays a significant role for the overall society to function in an effective manner in reaching its desired goals. Such inter-entity interactions to achieve society goals require prediction of behavior of other entities and an adaptive interaction plan selection and conflict avoidance mechanism to reach local/agent-level- and global/society-level-goals. Earlier works have assumed a priori knowledge and classification of entities and their attributes in a society for selection of a best plan; we consider such assumptions too restrictive and propose an attribute-based adaptive plan selection infrastructure for agents in a society where agents possess minimum knowledge of their surrounding agents. Furthermore we consider attribute rating mechanism for plan conflict resolution.

  • 10.
    Javed, Mohtasim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Haseeb, Abdul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Semantic manipulation of non- Semantic/natural-language queries2010In: Proceedings of the 9th Joint Conference on Knowledge-Based Software Engineering, JCKBSE 2010, 2010, p. 210-222Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid growth of information has made information access inherently difficult. Semantic Web, with the help of formal Ontologies, has provided an efficient way to represent data which makes it easy to find and organize by creating a mesh of information linked up in machine process-able way. The formal query languages (SPARQL) can exploit the semantics in information access; however formal languages are complex for naïve users. On the other hand, keyword search can't benefit from semantics of information. In this paper we present a query interface that performs semantic manipulation of non- semantic natural language-based queries. The proposed query interface semantically manipulates the user query to generate RDF triples to be queried using SPARQL. Proposed system provides the richness of semantics of formal query languages while maintaining query simplicity.

  • 11.
    Mokarizadeh, Shahab
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Grosso, Alberto
    Matskin, Mihhail
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Kungas, Peep
    Haseeb, Abdul
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication: Services and Infrastucture (Closed 20120101), Software and Computer Systems, SCS (Closed 20120101).
    Applying Semantic Web Service Composition for Action Planning in Multi-Robot Systems2009In: 2009 FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTERNET AND WEB APPLICATIONS AND SERVICES / [ed] Sasaki H, Bellot GO, Ehmann M, Dini O, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, p. 370-376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we demonstrate how the Web services based solutions can be effectively utilized and integrated into robotic world. In particular, we consider robotic systems where overall control is not embedded into any of the robots and the local behavior of each robot is loosely dependent on behavior of other robots. We propose an architecture for swarm action planning based on Web services paradigm exploiting a problem ontology for service discovery, linear logic based service composition for action planning and a task allocation layer for finding the most suitable robot to perform an action. In our solution all entities in the system expose their functionalities as Web services and allow dynamic service discovery and selection.

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