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  • 1. Cagno, E.
    et al.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Trianni, A.
    Linking energy efficiency and innovation practices: Empirical evidence from the foundry sector2015In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 83, p. 240-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Europe 2020 strategy currently promotes energy efficiency and innovation through disconnected targets focusing on either energy or R&D. Similar policies indicate that in practice, these two concepts are usually perceived as mutually exclusive. Furthermore, evidence in the literature regarding the relationship between R&D and energy efficiency is still highly limited. This exploratory study aims to address this gap by investigating the link between innovation practices and energy efficiency through a multiple case study of 30 foundries in Northern Italy. We analysed the firms' innovativeness, measured by internal R&D and Open Innovation practices (inbound and outbound), and energy efficiency, measured by specific energy consumption, level of adoption of energy-efficient technologies and barriers to energy efficiency. The results seem to show that those foundries complementing internal R&D with inbound practices have a higher level of energy efficiency, a higher level of adoption of available technologies, and a lower perception of barriers to efficiency improvements. This finding suggests that diversifying innovation practices could lead to better performance with respect to all three indicators of energy efficiency analysed. This study contributes to understanding how more innovative firms can be more energy efficient, providing interesting highlights for managers and policymakers.

  • 2.
    Darmani, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Dwaikat, Nidal
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management. Technical University of Madrid, UPM.
    Ramirez Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Twelve Years of Scholary Research: Content and Trend Analysis of the Journal Creativity and Innovation Management2013In: IAMOT 2013 Proceedings, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the internationally recognized journals that publishes and spreads literature concerning the relation between organizations and innovation and how creativity and imagination is organized is ‘Creativity and Innovation Management’ (CAIM). To date there has been only one attempt to analyze the corpus of publications in this journal from 1992-2000. As no further historical analysis of CAIM has been done after it, the purpose of this paper is to present a content analysis and verify some of the trends within published articles for the last 12 years. This study is conducted by analyzing the content of latest 360 CAIM articles (published from 2000 to 2012). Data collection and analysis are performed by utilizing Publish-or-Perish software and also, Excel statistical analysis tools. This methodology uses a multi-approach to content analysis by interpreting the text in titles and abstracts to evaluate several elements, for instance the authorship characteristics, geographical contributions or the nine themes previously proposed and visible in the CAIM journal. The study outcomes in addition to the descriptive statistics that provide an overview of the research contributions, intend to gain insights in two important aspects. First, this study confirms how the articles categorized in the nine themes have behaved in the last 12 years. Second, the study reveals that some trends in the literature came from emerging markets economies (EME), which has not been raised so far, as the relation of author’s countries and the themes of their publications in the EME context.

  • 3.
    González, María del Carmen
    et al.
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    Ramírez, Andrés
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Portilla, Margarita
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    Ramírez, Javier
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    APPLYING THE CASE METHOD AND COMMUNITY – BASED LEARNING FINAL PROJECT IN A CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COURSE AT A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN MEXICO2012In: International Journal of Case Method Research & Application, ISSN 1554-7752, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 187-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The case describes the use of the case method in a capstone course called ‘Terminal Project’ in the Chemical Engineering Department at the Autonomous Metropolitan University (UAM), Campus Azcapotzalco, in Mexico City.

    The purpose of applying the case method in the course was to make use of the students’ previously acquired knowledge in solving a real problem. The project also takes into account one of UAM’s general objectives, to provide community support for sustainable development [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, 2011]. Furthermore, the application exemplifies the case method as a useful integrating technique suitable for different types of teaching environments in Mexico, reaching beyond the prevailing practice of using cases to learn about managerial issues in private business schools.

    Through the methodology described. The students were able to retrieve the information that they felt was missing to find a proper solution to the vanilla harvest problem. Based on the answers from the people interviewed, the four students had the opportunity to go a step further in analyzing the case setting.

  • 4.
    Portilla Pineda, Margarita
    et al.
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). Politecnico di Milano.
    Ramírez Angulo, Javier
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México.
    Gonzalez, Maria del Carmen
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    Casco Sosa, Yuri
    Is the public university forming entrepreneurs?: Case: Engineering degrees of UAM-Azcapotzalco2014In: Proceedings of the IV International Conference on Education - UNISAN 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ramirez, Javier
    et al.
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México.
    Portilla, Margarita
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    Gonzalez, Maria del Carmen
    Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Azcapotzalco.
    Viveros, Brenda
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México.
    Ramírez, Andrés
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Ramiez, Laura
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México.
    Propuesta de un uso sustentable de residuos textiles2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Exploring the adoption of Open Innovation in the Automotive Industry: Practices by carmakers and SMEs2014In: NiTiM summer school: Complexity and Dynamics of Networks in the Digital Age, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Open Innovation continues being a hot topic in innovation management. One of its research streams has been arguing in favor of Open Innovation applicability in contexts other than high-tech industries and sectors. One of these contexts is the automotive industry that is considered as a mature, asset-intensive industry and where the innovation process is usually seen as restricted to the boundaries of the firm. In the last years, some researchers have provided evidences of open innovation practices in the automotive industry by focusing on some specific cases. Nevertheless, these evidences are not extensive and, therefore there is still an important possibility to study many of the Open Innovation assumptions and theories. Based on these ideas, the research question I want to answer is how and to what extent are Open Innovation practices adopted by carmakers and SMEs in the Automotive Industry and how is their combined effect on firm performance. To do this I am focusing in studying settings with actors of the automotive industry that have been majorly neglected so far by researchers. These industry actors include small carmakers and Tier 2 suppliers that may open their innovation process. Thus, I am adopting a mixed methods approach including desk research, 3 case studies of small carmakers and a quantitative survey of Tier 2 automotive suppliers (SMEs) in Italy. All in all, I expect that my findings will contribute to the debate of the applicability of Open Innovation in contexts other than high-tech, as well as, providing evidences of open innovation best practices useful for managers interested on improving innovation performance in firms.

  • 7.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Project manager's characteristics influence in the entrepreneurial process: A project-based entrepreneurship model2013In: Proceedings of the DRUID Academy Conference 2013, Aalborg (Denmark), 16th -18th January, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although real life entrepreneurs are constantly involved in projects and therefore many times they use project management practices, approaches and competences to pursue entrepreneurial opportunities, to date research studying the overlap of disciplines as entrepreneurship and project management have been undervalued. The aim of this paper is to suggest that there could be a possibility to increase theory and research on one field with support of the other. To based this viewpoint I revisit the ideas from already proposed but under researched perspectives on the study of entrepreneurship applying a project-based approach. This project-based movement in entrepreneurship gives support to consider some assumptions on how project management elements could fit and have a direct effect in the entrepreneurial process. Based on these assumptions, the purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual model that emphasizes the different influence of project manager´s characteristics exhibited by entrepreneurs on distinctive steps of the entrepreneurial process i.e. more influence on opportunity exploitation rather than opportunity discovery. Moreover as some project manager´s characteristics like competences are more related to the type of project to be undertaken the nature of an opportunity, also seen as the nature of an entrepreneurial project, could have a moderator effect on the opportunity exploitation capacity of an entrepreneur. These relationships depicted in the model imply five propositions that are explained and that could be research empirically in the future. The main contribution of this paper is to propose a framework for future research on the entrepreneurial process from a project management-centred perspective in order to unbound and extend studies in the entrepreneurship field.

  • 8.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering.
    The unexpected implications of opening up innovation: A multi-perspective study of the role of Open Innovation practices in mature industries2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The way firms innovate has notably changed in recent years. A clear example is the manufacturing sector which has been experiencing a new revolution in production and innovation. Linked to this industrial shift, manufacturing firms have been adopting more open and collaborative practices to innovate. This phenomenon, known as Open Innovation (OI), is helping firms to acquire and explore knowledge from external sources (inbound process) and to exploit knowledge via the commercialisation of ideas and technology (outbound process). Even though numerous researchers have studied the adoption of OI and its relation to numerous strategic and organisational results, very few studies have focused on investigating the positive influence of diverse OI approaches and practices on multiple dimensions of firm performance from different angles. These drawbacks hinder the diffusion of OI practices and raise the question of whether it is convenient for any firm in any industry to adopt or not to adopt OI. Thus, this thesis helps to fill this gap by examining the extent to which OI practices are adopted by firms and other actors in unexplored mature manufacturing industries and by understanding the unidentified roles that these practices play in relation to different dimensions of firm and industrial performance. 

    This thesis brings together different methodologies and data to investigate OI practices with a novel multi-perspective approach. Hence, OI practices are framed within the industrial context of manufacturing firms in Italy and Sweden, several actors in the food industry, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from the Italian foundry industry, and also within worldwide SMEs designing and producing supercars. More specifically, using data from 247 European manufacturing firms collected through a tailored OI survey, this thesis supports the relevance of internal context characteristics such as firm size and provides evidence of the relation between configurations of OI models and innovation performance. Through two case studies in the food industry, this thesis demonstrates novel forms of OI practices that can be characterised and adopted by different innovation actors within and around this mature industry. Likewise, drawing from 30 rigorous case studies of small and medium-sized foundries, this research for the first time illuminates the relation between the aggregations of some innovation practices (specifically internal R&D and inbound OI) with a contemporarily relevant dimension of environmental and industrial performance such as energy efficiency.

    Although foregrounding the practical implications of adopting OI practices, this project also investigates and attempts to contrast some of the theoretical perspectives used when researching OI in mature manufacturing industries. This thesis concludes with an integrative study of the main aspects of the research project to demonstrate the advantages of using a multi-perspective approach to study OI. This last study, originally inspired from two case studies of small carmakers, involved collecting data from 48 small and medium-sized manufacturers of supercars with a survey designed to evaluate OI influence on several types of firm performance. Collectively, the results from this thesis confirm the validity of OI in new research contexts and reveal a combined influence of specific innovation practices on innovativeness, but also on the dimensions of industrial, environmental, and social performance. This thesis contributes to theory and practice by empirically showing that even though OI and the results of practicing it are highly context dependent, adopting OI practices can definitely have a positive influence in the overall performance of firms in mature manufacturing industries, including SMEs and other small actors. 

  • 9.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Open Innovation in the Automotive Industry: What can carmakers' annual reports tell us?2014In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management - CIO-ICIEOM-IIIE, Malaga (Spain), 23rd – 25th July 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research shows the adoption of open and collaborative innovation in the car industry suggesting these practices could be applied in other mature industries. However, researchers have studied the car industry mostly through case studies showing the relevance of innovation practices mainly from their viewpoint and less from the firm’s perception. Thus, the purpose of this study is twofold: (1) to confirm the application and the weight that carmakers give to Open Innovation concepts and, (2) to extend the methods and data sources used to study Open Innovation. Based on a conceptual content analysis of the annual reports from 2005 to 2012 from ten large carmakers, this cross-sectional study shows that all the selected firms have included assertions closely related to openness and collaboration in innovation. Concepts related to inbound Open Innovation appear in greater extent than outbound concepts, but there is no clear evidence of the aggregated value of both groups of concepts on firm performance. The results of this research support the idea that in last years open and collaborative innovation in carmakers has genuinely increased in practice and not only on the researchers attention.

  • 10.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Unravelling the integration mechanisms in open innovation projects: the case of interorganizational networks2015In: Journal of Global Strategic Management, ISSN 2042-5805, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 82-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Trianni, Andrea
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Can Open Innovation practices leverage Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance?2013In: Proceedings of the 6th ISPIM Innovation Symposium – Innovation in the Asian Century, International society for professional innovation management , 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Promotion on energy efficiency and innovation is in the agenda of many countries as seen in Europe 2020 strategy. Although these two concepts have been addressed extensively in theory and practice, so far there has been little discussion about connecting their research streams. This paper proposes to close this gap and explores whether a novel approach to foster industrial energy efficiency in SMEs may include adopting Open Innovation. To evaluate the possible influence of open innovation practices on energy efficiency we consider a significant sample of SMEs in energy-intensive industries such as foundries. To measure both concepts we use a mix of scales taken from literature and practice from both fields. We expect to find similar results as seen in our pilot case studies, such as a higher number of inbound practices that reduce technology-related barriers to energy efficiency, as well as, different adoption rates of energy-efficient technologies by commodity.

  • 12.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano, Italy .
    Cagno, E.
    Trianni, A.
    Is Innovation an enabler of Energy Efficiency?: An exploratory study of the foundry sector2014In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 61, p. 1191-1195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using innovation such as new technologies, R&D, or new processes can support Energy Efficiency (EE). Building on this idea, this paper seeks to explore whether a novel approach to foster EE in Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) includes improving the overall innovation degree through the adoption of (OI) practices. To do this, a multiple case study with ten firms in Northern Italy operating in energy-intensive industries was conducted. The paper analyses the firm's specific energy consumption, the adoption of energy-efficient technologies, the perception of barriers to EE, and their relation with the firms' internal innovation and OI activities. Main results show that more innovative firms, in terms of internal and inbound innovation, have better EE indicators albeit a lower adoption of energy-efficient technologies or the challenge of economic and technology barriers. Equally, medium-large firms are more innovative and have better EE performance. This study offers preliminary evidence of a relation between certain innovation practices and the rise of EE in SMEs.

  • 13.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Open Innovation in Specialized SMEs: The Case of SupercarsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence that adopting open innovation (OI) has on the innovativeness and performance of specialized small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper also examines the adoption of OI within a firm’s practices and models, and within the three dimensions of firm sustainability.

    Design/methodology/approach – Survey data from 48 specialized SMEs manufacturing supercars were analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). SmartPLS software was used to conduct a path analysis and test the proposed framework.

    Findings – The findings suggest that high adoption of OI models (OIM) tends to increase firm innovativeness (INNO). Similarly, the adoption of OI practices (OIP) has a positive effect on INNO but to a lesser extent than OIM. The moderation results of INNO further show that OIM and OIP can benefit the firm performance (FP) of SMEs. Specifically, two dimensions of FP – environmental and social performance – were found to be greatly influenced by OI.

    Research limitations/implications – Due to parsimony in the investigated model, this study only focuses on OI adoption as practices and models without considering its drivers or other contingency factors.

    Practical implications – This paper could help practitioners in SMEs better understand the benefits of adopting OI to be more innovative but also more sustainable.

    Originality/value – This study contributes to the literature on the role of OI practices and models regarding the dimensions of firm sustainability performance by being the first paper to investigate this relationship in the context of small and medium manufacturers of supercars. 

  • 14.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Brown, Terrence
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Prácticas de innovación abierta en PYMEs: El caso del auto superdeportivo mexicano VUHL2014In: Proceedings of the IV Simposio Becarios CONACyT en Europa, Strasbourg (France), 5-7th November 2014, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [es]

    Es bien sabido que la innovación impulsa el desarrollo de las organizaciones de diferentes tamaños e industrias. Mientras para las grandes empresas es relativamente fácil innovar debido a sus recursos, en el caso de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYMEs) el escenario es más complicado. Sin embargo, existen modelos para gestionar la innovación que han probado ser útiles para apoyar a varios tipos de empresas. La Innovación Abierta (Open Innovation) es uno de estos modelos que ha atraído la atención en los últimos años debido a que ha podido integrar modelos anteriores para gestionar la innovación junto con las prácticas que utilizan las organizaciones hoy en día. En general,  la aplicación y las ventajas de la Innovación Abierta se evidencian con casos de sectores emergentes de alta tecnología y de empresas multinacionales establecidas en países desarrollados, mermando su aplicabilidad en otro tipo de contextos. Esta desproporción aunada a la falta de comprensión de cómo aplicar la Innovación Abierta, es probablemente la causa de que varias empresas no la vean como una forma factible para mejorar su proceso de innovación. Por lo tanto, el propósito de este trabajo es describir algunas de las prácticas relacionadas con la Innovación Abierta que podrían ser utilizadas por los emprendedores y las PYMEs para innovar sus productos y comercializar sus ideas. Para lograr esto presentamos el estudio de caso de VUHL, un auto súper deportivo mexicano, creado por una PYME que ha sabido aprovechar varias de las prácticas de Innovación Abierta para crear un producto atractivo con altos niveles de innovación y tecnología. El caso demuestra como al utilizar este tipo de prácticas, las PYMEs pueden superar obstáculos relacionados con la falta de recursos, conocimientos, y experiencia. Así mismo, estas prácticas pueden ayudar a crear vínculos con diferentes actores en la sociedad, a nivel nacional e internacional, en los cuales se obtienen beneficios mutuos. Se concluye que las PYMEs, incluso en industrias maduras como la automotriz, podrían usar la Innovación Abierta como una estrategia competitiva adecuada para crear y comercializar productos innovadores y exitosos.

  • 15.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Cagno, Enrico
    Brown, Terrence E.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Open innovation in specialized SMEs: the case of supercars2017In: Business Process Management Journal, ISSN 1463-7154, E-ISSN 1758-4116, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 1167-1195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence that adopting open innovation (OI) has on the innovativeness and performance of specialized small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This paper also examines the adoption of OI within a firm's practices and models, and within the three dimensions of firm sustainability. Design/methodology/approach - Survey data from 48 specialized SMEs manufacturing supercars were analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modeling. SmartPLS software was used to conduct a path analysis and test the proposed framework. Findings - The findings suggest that high adoption of OI models tends to increase firm innovativeness. Similarly, the adoption of OI practices has a positive effect on innovativeness but to a lesser extent than OI models. The moderation results of innovativeness further show that OI models and practices can benefit the performance of SMEs. Specifically, two dimensions of performance - environmental and social performance - were found to be greatly influenced by OI. Research limitations/implications - Due to parsimony in the investigated model, this study only focuses on OI adoption as practices and models without considering its drivers or other contingency factors. Practical implications - This paper could help practitioners in SMEs better understand the benefits of adopting OI to be more innovative but also more sustainable. Originality/value - This study contributes to the literature on the role of OI practices and models regarding the dimensions of firm sustainability performance by being the first paper to investigate this relationship in the context of small and medium manufacturers of supercars.

  • 16.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Trianni, Andrea
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Can open innovation drive more sustainable SMEs?: Evidence from energy-intensive sectors in Italy2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, opening up the innovation process has increasingly gained the attention in theory and practice. Previous studies have focused on studying the influence of open innovation mainly on the firm´s economic-financial and innovation performance. Despite all the attention given to open innovation effects, few studies have investigated its role in developing more sustainable organizations in different dimensions. This study aims to fill this gap by studying the sustainability performance operationalized with energy efficiency in the context of energy-intensive sectors such as foundries. Using the information collected from 30 small- and medium-sized firms in Italy, this paper analyses the relationship between Open Innovation practices and three indicators of energy efficiency: specific energy consumption, adoption rate of energy-efficient technologies and barriers to energy efficiency. The study confirms the value of internal R&D and inbound open innovation for firms to be energy efficient, while outbound open innovation is not a common and, therefore, relevant practice. Taken together, the findings suggest that firms in these sectors can and should use open innovation practices to increase their overall sustainable performance while on parallel influencing other performance dimensions. The findings of this exploratory study suggest several courses of action for policy makers and managers.

  • 17.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Zanatta-Alarcon, Adrianni
    Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Puebla.
    Open Food – Revisiting Open Innovation in the Food IndustryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have claimed that we are in the era of Open Innovation (OI). This idea is supported with the vast evidence of OI adoption in firms from different industries. One industry in which OI has been gradually adopted by firms as an approach to innovate is the Food and Beverage (F&B) industry. Although several studies have investigated the F&B industry under an OI lens, most of them have focused on large firms disregarding the role of other smaller actors. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore how is the adoption of OI ideas influencing initiatives driven by actors other than large F&B firms, in order to complement a larger image of OI adoption in the manufacturing sector. To do this, we analyzed through a qualitative approach several innovative initiatives related to food and created by different types of actors. The main results show that large F&B firms are not the only actors proposing and driving lasting OI initiatives, but also small and medium-sized organizations, foundations, communities, and consumers. Lastly, we propose the concept of open food and provide two exemplars. We conclude with this study implications together with some veins for future research.

  • 18.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Jovanovic, Marin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Viveros, Alberto
    Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Cuautitlán.
    Ramirez, Javier
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México.
    Exploring the creation of disruptive innovations by student start-ups through an open innovation perspective: The case of Stu:Drive2014In: IPEDR, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New firms created by students are a clear proof of the positive impact of universities in society. These new small firms, also known as start-ups, begin with an original idea from a student (or a team of them) triggered by many factors and mechanisms. Most universities have considerably focused in fostering the proper type of mechanisms to ignite an entrepreneurial attitude in students during the last years. Nevertheless, from the vast range of available options a university might consider, it is very difficult to encompass several of them under one concept that can be promoted amongst students. This problem implies, on one side, that more efforts and projects from universities would need to be implemented, and on the other side, that students may not have a clear direction on how to focalize their novel and entrepreneurial ideas. This paper attempts to provide a solution to this gap by suggesting the use of an open innovation perspective to support students not only to innovate technologically and create a start-up with it, but also to go beyond new firm creation and achieve on creating a new market. To do this, the paper briefly analyzes the successful case of the company Stu:Drive, a student start-up originated by Serbian students operating without competitors throughout the Balkans. Stu:Drive provides a platform for car-sharing that allows people to reduce their transportation costs and has become a very popular way of travelling during the last months. Through the example of this firm, the paper discusses the innovative business model of Stu:Drive and how the start-up created a successful disruptive innovation in the transportation industry in a large region of Eastern Europe. The paper concludes with recommendations for universities, students and policy-makers in education systems from developing economies, as well as some suggestions for future directions on research on the phenomenon of student start-ups.

  • 19.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    Manzini, Raffaella
    Università Carlo Cattaneo.
    Lazzarotti, Valentina
    Università Carlo Cattaneo.
    Cagno, Enrico
    Politecnico di Milano.
    The role of internal context characteristics on the adoption of Open Innovation: Evidence from manufacturing firms2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Explaining the concept of Open Innovation (OI) could be less challenging from a theoretical than from a practical perspective. In this sense, while researchers have spent the last decade trying to develop and establish the ideas, models, and theories related to OI, more simple questions related to its practical adoption by firms have been often disregarded. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to contribute filling this gap by investigating the adoption of different types of inbound OI models influence on firm performance under a contingency perspective. With the data collected by an Open Innovation Survey in manufacturing firms, we try to answer the question of how do different configurations of OI models in terms of partner, content, and innovation phase variety influence firm performance when moderated by internal context characteristics. The sample analysed includes the responses of 247 manufacturing firms from Italy and Sweden with different profiles of size and age. Using a mix of approaches to analyse the data we found first, three configurations of OI models, namely: super open innovators, selective collaborators, and conservative collaborators. Contrary to many studies showing that adopting OI does not have a relation with economic performance, we found that in some cases i.e. selective collaborators, firms can adopt OI to some extent and also have a high turnover. Second, we found that medium-sized firms differ from their smaller and larger counterparts in the extent to which they collaborate with partners such as universities, innovation intermediaries and firms from other industries. This study contributes introducing a perspective that integrates partner, content, and innovation phase variety, to understand different ways in which OI models could be adopted by firms. Moreover, this paper provides managerial implications showing that the idea of openness is not a dichotomy of adopting everything-nothing, but as a choice of diverse open degrees consistent with the firm´s context characteristics.

  • 20.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andrés
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Which One Goes Well with?: Exploring the Link between Theoretical Perspectives and Research Contexts in Open Innovation Research2015In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 213, p. 1034-1039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the possible relation between the most mentioned theoretical perspectives and the most studied research contexts in Open Innovation (OI) literature. To do this, a meta-review of highly cited literature reviews on OI was conducted to identify the most acknowledged theories and contexts. Articles including these concepts were retrieved with the software ‘Publish or Perish’ and analyzed with a qualitative approach to propose some clear relationships. The main results show that researchers apply similar theories to study certain research contexts, and this seems driven by promising publications trends. Altogether, the findings suggest that researchers are following a widening-narrowing approach of the theories and contexts used to study and validate OI. This paper also illustrates managers with relevant contexts e.g. industries, in which OI has been already adopted, motivating the implementation of OI efforts and practices in their practitioners contexts.

  • 21.
    Viveros Eulogio, Brenda
    et al.
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey.
    Ramírez Angulo, Javier
    Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey.
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Ecodiseño aplicado en productos para el hogar2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [es]

    Debido a los fuertes problemas que traen consigo los residuos sólidos en México, se creó este proyecto que conjunta distintas disciplinas como el Diseño Industrial. Se utilizan metodologías que buscan el camino a la sustentabilidad como el Ecodiseño, para crear soluciones creativas y eficientes a esta problemática, dando como resultado una alternativa innovadora. Por medio de la utilización de herramientas como el Análisis de Ciclo de Vida y la Dinámica de Sistemas, se logra como resultado productos ambientalmente amigables, que permiten que el alargamiento de vida de materiales como los textiles.

  • 22. Viveros-Eulogio, Brenda
    et al.
    Ohrwall Ronnback, Anna
    Ramirez-Portilla, Andres
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Entrepreneurship and innovation.
    PRODUCTION INNOVATION IN MANUFACTURING FIRMS: THE CASE OF SWEDISH SMES2015In: DS 80-8 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15) VOL 8: INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY, The Design Society, 2015, Vol. 8, p. 173-182Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry needs to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing society by using innovation while considering other factors such as trends. This paper focuses on three overarching trends: globalization, urbanization, and digitalization. These three major trends together with policies and regulations could be regarded as fierce threats to a manufacturing firm operating in a traditional mature industry. However, this mix could also be viewed as an opportunity for the innovative company to address future market needs and gain competitive advantage. Thus, the aim of this paper is to investigate the production innovation in SMEs by considering the developments in the manufacturing processes as well as the innovation and design process activities of the manufacturing company. Through two case studies in Sweden, this paper seeks to answer how do SMEs operating within the manufacturing sector respond to the sustainability and other emerging trends while innovating in their production processes. This paper helps to understand how these firms are using some of the approaches and strategies to keep the current pace of innovation and sustainability trends.

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