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  • 1.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Byggnader och installationer.
    Effekter av förändringar i konkurrenssituation på bostadshyresmarknaden: Del I: Förändringar i hyresnivåer2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Byggnader och installationer.
    Effekter av förändringar i konkurrenssituation på bostadshyresmarknaden: Del II: Förändringar i boendekvaliteten2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Importance of government policies for home ownership rates: an international survey and analysis2005Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Home ownership rates increased in most countries after World War II. In a sample of 13 industrializedeconomies, home ownership rates increased from 56 percent in 1970 to 65 percent in 1990. However,in most countries analysed for this article it appears that home ownership rates have not changedsignificantly after 1990. Most governments have supported the home ownership sector with variouspolicy measures such as interest subsidies, building grants, income support, etc. This article presents aunique compilation of data on home ownership rates for the majority of the more industrializedcountries, presents a model of the determinants of home ownership rates and attempts to explain theincrease in home ownership rates, especially the role of government support. Data on governmentsupport policies has been collected by questionnaires completed by researchers in a large number ofcountries. A panel data set consisting of thirteen developed countries was developed and analysed withand without a fixed-effect model. The results indicate that there may be a positive correlation betweenhome ownership rates and government support systems. Moreover, it appears that government policiesto support home ownership implemented in non-anglophone countries may have been more effectivethan policies in anglophone countries. However, the sample size only allowed a preliminary evaluationof any patterns between the included variables.

  • 4.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Increased competition in the Swedish housing market and its effect on rents and quality of housing services for households2005Inngår i: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 32-49Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a general trend in society during the last two decades towards privatization. Although privatization has been discussed for many years in Western Europe, the rental housing sector has not yet been affected very much, with the exception of the UK. This article utilizes empirical data to explore the effects on rents and quality of housing services of the privatization of apartments by municipal housing companies located outside metropolitan areas in Sweden. Quasi-experimental methodology has been used, partly as a test of this methodology and partly because it was expected to yield better results in this context than traditional multiple regression methods. The development of the apartment stock in one town/city is compared with that in carefully selected comparison town(s). It appears that 2-5 years after privatization, rent development was lower in areas where apartments had been privatized. There are also indications that the development of the quality of housing services during the period investigated was dependent more on the specific housing company than on the type of owner (private or public). These data therefore indicate that public authorities should probably not be too worried about the short- and medium-term effects of privatization if the buyer is carefully selected. However, data availability was limited and the results therefore need to be verified.

  • 5.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Byggnader och installationer.
    Konkurrens och hyresnivå på bostadsmarknaden: en statistisk analys2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    The effect of competition and ownership policies on the housing market2005Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation consists of five studies presented in seven essays. The overall objectives are to investigate the extent and consequences of competition on the rental housing market as well as the importance of national government policies for the substitute good, i.e. owner-occupied housing. However, each essay also has specific objectives.

    Due to the characteristics of the housing market, one should not expect competition to be very fierce. The market characteristics are, for instance, capital-intensive, complicated and time-consuming construction processes as well as a limited supply of land in many areas. In fact, firms have a lot to gain from colluding and to avoid e.g. price wars. It is therefore theoretically more likely that housing companies will engage in “functional” or “strategic” competition such as the quality of housing services.

    Essay I and IV analyze the unique municipal housing market in Sweden where apartment rents are determined by negotiations between the local municipal company and the local Union of Tenants. A regression analysis is applied on data from 30 municipalities. There was a strong correlation between apartment rents at local municipal markets and the level of “external” competition (measured by the price level on the market for single-family owner occupied housing), but not with “internal” competition (measured by the market share of the municipal housing company) or the capital expenditure of the municipal housing company (presumed to reflect historical construction and renovation costs for the apartments).

    The dissertation also investigates the consequences on rents (essay II) and on the quality of housing services (essay III) from a local Swedish municipal housing company selling a substantial part of its apartment stock (15-40 percent) and thereby theoretically creating more competition. These essays use a quasi-experimental methodology whereby the development of the housing market in a privatization town is compared with the development in a very similar comparison town. It is found that privatization has lead to lower rents in the short- and medium-term in six out of seven privatization towns. The development of the quality of housing services was more related to the performance of each individual company and not a specific category of companies. In essay V, these results are merged and developed further.

    Essay VI presents a wide range of policies available for governments wishing to increase access to home ownership for low-income households and thereby increasing the pressure on rental housing companies to reduce rents. A systematic overview of policies is provided based on the four distinct time periods of a typical ‘housing career’ of a household; i.e. down payment accumulation stage, transaction stage, ownership stage and selling stage. It is found that many policies are required to meet the specific and differing needs of households for governments wishing to encourage home ownership.

    Essay VII describes that home ownership rates have increased in almost all industrialized countries during the period from World War II until mid-1990s. The essay analyses the implications of government policies and some other factors (e.g. national wealth, income distribution) on home ownership rates in 13 industrialized countries during the period 1970﷓2000. A fixed-effect model is applied on a panel data set. The most important result is that a statistically significant and positive correlation between government support and home ownership rates was found although this is only a preliminary conclusion since data was scarce.

  • 7.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    The effect of government policies on home ownership rates: An international survey and analysis2006Inngår i: HOME OWNERSHIP: GETTING IN, GETTING FROM, GETTING OUT, PT II / [ed] Doling J; Elsinga M, 2006, Vol. 30, s. 7-34Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Fastigheter och byggande.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Fastigheter och byggande.
    How does increased competition on the housing market affect rents?: an empirical study concerning Sweden2004Inngår i: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 107-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to investigate if more competition leads to lower rents on the housing market. Data about the rent level for similar apartments in 30 cities in Sweden were available. Three hypotheses were formulated: (H1) Increased 'internal' competition, measured by the market share of the municipal housing company (that dominates the market and is price-leader according to the Swedish system of rent regulation), leads to lower rents. (H2) Increased 'external' competition measured by the price level on the market for single-family owner occupied housing, leads to lower rents. (H3) Lower capital expenditure in the municipal housing company leads to lower rents. The statistical analysis showed a strong correlation between the rent level and the level of external competition, but no relation was found for the level of internal competition and the level of capital expenditure. A possible conclusion is that policies that make it easier for households to leave the rental market are important for increasing the pressure on the firms in the rental sector and reducing rents.

  • 9.
    Atterhög, Mikael
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Song, Han-Suck
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    A survey of policies that may increase access to home ownership for low income households2009Inngår i: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 248-270Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This review article presents a systematic overview of strategies that may make home ownership affordable to more low-income households. Home ownership has been regarded as the preferred choice of tenure by most OECD countries for many decades and has often been supported with a wide range of methods that make ownership economically attractive. There are four distinct time periods of a typical “housing career”: (1) down payment accumulation stage, (2) transaction stage, (3) ownership stage and (4) selling stage. Although home ownership rates have been on the increase globally since the Second World War, recent signs indicate that this trend has been halted. However, it is argued that little is known on the actual effectiveness of most of the described policies and that a set of policies, focusing on at least the first three stages above, is needed should a government wish to encourage home ownership. Moreover, direct subsidies and grants are probably not very interesting considering the weak financial situation of most governments. Thus, selected policies would probably focus on the ability of the households to signal their characteristics and on strengthening various insurance markets so that they become open to more households at a reasonable price.

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