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  • 1.
    Brenning, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Olander, Björn
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering.
    Vennberg, Johan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering. 2Laboratory for communication networks, School of Electrical Engineering, KTH.
    NeTraWeb - A Web-Based Traffic Flow Performance Meter2006In: 4th Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop SNCNW 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a web-based traffic flow performance meter. The NeTraWeb tool configures and automates the measurement activities, including storage and presentation of the main performance parameters.

  • 2.
    Burmeister, Jens
    et al.
    University of Dresden, Germany.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Brodin, Lars-Åke
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering.
    Lundberg, Stefan
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
    Contention-Based Wireless Sensor Networks: A case study for ambient assisted living2010In: Active Ageing, Smart Solutions, New Markets, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless personal area networks have emerged as an important communication infrastructure in areas such as at-home healthcare and home automation, independent living and assistive technology. Initiatives towards interoperability and standardization are taken by several players. Zigbee Alliance has launched a profile for “Zigbee wireless sensor applications for health, wellness and fitness” [1]. The Continua Health Alliance promotes “an interoperable personal healthcare ecosystem”. They have published “design guidelines for the telehealth ecosystem” including the interface to personal area network health devices and electronic health record devices ([2], [3]). These examples show that wireless personal area networks, including body sensor networks, are becoming more mature and are considered to be a realistic alternative as communication infrastructure for demanding services. However, to transmit vital sign parameters from ECGs, pulse-oximeters, EEGs etc in wireless networks is also a challenge, especially if multiple sensors compete for access. Contention-based access networks offer simplicity and utilization advantages, but the drawback is unpredictable performance due to loss of transmitted packets.

    We have used the SHIMMER wireless sensor platform developed at Intel [4] in the living lab at the Centre for Health and Building at KTH in a case study to identify and evaluate performance problems. The full-scale living lab consists of two apartments especially equipped with modern technique for healthcare at home and assisted living.

    Our paper focuses on continuous monitoring of the heart activity using a wireless ECG based on the wireless personal area network (WPAN) standard IEEE 802.15.4. Results from performance tests in the living lab will be presented e.g. influence of equipment such as micro wave ovens. Since contention-based wireless access has no guarantees for the quality of the delivered service it is interesting to determine to what extent the received ECG signal is sensitive to loss of information. We have recorded ECG signals as well as emulated packet loss in existing ECG records from official databases. The result of two cardiologists´ assessment of ECGs with different loss ratio levels and patterns will be reported in the paper. One interesting conclusion is that a diagnosis is fully possible for ECGs with packet loss ratio up to at least 5%. This project is part of research at the School of Technology and Health at KTH.

  • 3. Cippitelli, E.
    et al.
    Gasparrini, S.
    Gambi, E.
    Spinsante, S.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Time synchronization and data fusion for RGB-Depth cameras and inertial sensors in AAL applications2015In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communication Workshop, ICCW 2015, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 265-270Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ambient Assisted Living applications often need to integrate data from multiple sensors, to provide consistent information on the observed phenomena. Data fusion based on samples from several sensors requires accurate time synchronization with sufficient resolution, depending on the sensor sampling frequency. This work presents a technical platform for the efficient and accurate synchronization of the data captured from RGB-Depth cameras and wearable inertial sensors, that can be integrated in AAL solutions. A case study of sensor data fusion for Timed Up and Go test is also presented and discussed.

  • 4. Gasparrini, S.
    et al.
    Cippitelli, E.
    Gambi, E.
    Spinsante, S.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Proposal and experimental evaluation of fall detection solution based on wearable and depth data fusion2016In: ICT Innovations 2015: Emerging Technologies For Better Living, Springer, 2016, Vol. 399, p. 99-108Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fall injury issues represent a serious problem for elderly in our society. These people want to live in their home as long as possible and technology can improve their security and independence. In this work we study the joint use of a camera based system and wearable devices, in the so called data fusion approach, to design a fall detection solution. The synchronization issues between the heterogeneous data provided by the devices are properly treated, and three different fall detection algorithms are implemented. Experimental results are also provided, to compare the proposed solutions.

  • 5.
    Ha, Min Keun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
    Enabling Dynamic and Lightweight Management of Distributed Bluetooth Low Energy Devices2018In: 2018 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTING, NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATIONS (ICNC), IEEE , 2018, p. 620-624Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a wireless communication technology for Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Although recent versions of BLE embrace the 6LoWPAN standard for IPv6 low-power device communication, this is often not the best choice for constrained-node networks due to downsides such as increased memory and computation overhead, heavier network stack, increased power consumption, backward incompatibility, etc. A crucial requirement for successful IoT solutions is an efficient strategy for monitoring and control of highly distributed sensor nodes. In this paper, we propose a dynamic and lightweight model for management of distributed constrained BLE nodes based on OMA Lightweight M2M (LWM2M) protocol. To this end, we have designed a new intermediate component, a BLE-LWM2M gateway (GW), which has dual roles: a BLE master that monitors and controls the BLE devices, and a LWM2M client that acts on behalf of an operator's LWM2M management server. The BLE-LWM2M GW has interfaces to dynamically manage connected BLE devices as LWM2M objects, called ObjectTwins, in runtime without a need for user configuration. All services that BLE devices provide are mapped to the ObjectTwins in the gateway, which are exposed to the LWM2M server. Hence, this model enables a LWM2M server to manage distributed BLE devices by interacting with the BLE-LWM2M GW using the LWM2M standard methods, and the constrained devices can still use a native Bluetooth communication protocol. To verify its feasibility, a prototype of a mobile healthcare system has been implemented in a testbed.

  • 6.
    Ha, Minkeun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Distributed Performance Management of Internet of Things as a Service for Caregivers2017In: 2017 IEEE 19TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON E-HEALTH NETWORKING, APPLICATIONS AND SERVICES (HEALTHCOM), IEEE, 2017, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a multi-layer distributed performance management model for Internet of Things (IoT) as a service for caregivers. Performance monitoring and control of IoT devices and services are vital functions for e-health systems. Cloud-based IoT systems with centralized data centers further underline the need for distributed management. The main contribution of this paper is a model and prototype implementation that combines low-complexity policy-based and conventional network management with cloud computing paradigm, lightweight IoT protocols, and their data models. A case study on monitoring of heart activity demonstrates interworking between OMA Lightweight M2M protocol, Bluetooth low energy GATT services, and Azure IoT hub cloud platform to enable distributed policy-based performance management.

  • 7.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    A Framework for Embedded Monitoring of QoS Parameters in IP-Based Virtual Private Networks2001In: A Framework for Embedded Monitoring of QoS Parameters in IP-Based Virtual Private Networks, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    A New Approach to Performance Monitoring in IP Networks– combining active and passive methods2002In: A New Approach to Performance Monitoring in IP Networks– combining active and passive methods, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Embedded Monitoring of QoS Parameters in IP-Based Virtual Private Networks2001In: Embedded Monitoring of QoS Parameters in IP-Based Virtual Private Networks, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    In-Service Methods for Performance Management in Switched ATM Networks1998In: In-Service Methods for Performance Management in Switched ATM Networks, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Department of Industrial Control Systems (ICS), in co-operation with Telia.
    Methods and Models for In-Service Monitoring and Estimation of Cell Losses in ATM Networks1998In: Methods and Models for In-Service Monitoring and Estimation of Cell Losses in ATM Networks, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Department of Industrial Control Systems (ICS), in co-operation with Telia.
    Performance Management in Switched ATM Networks1998In: Performance Management in Switched ATM Networks, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Performance monitoring in communication networks2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance monitoring in communication networks, which isthe main topic of this thesis, is an essential part ofperformance and network management. The applications cover anumber of different areas such as daily operations andmaintenance, usage information for billing purposes, customerreports, traffic control, planning, and dimensioning.

    The main purpose of the thesis is to develop a single methodfor measurement of the most significant network performanceparameters in IP networks. It is a continuation from a previouslicentiate thesis that focused on performance monitoring incell-based networks.

    The development of a measurement method that combines activeand passive approaches using monitoring blocks is the maincontribution of this work. A traffic flow performance meterbased on these principles has been implemented as an extensionto the open source flow meter NeTraMet and tested. Theresolution and precision of the results are determined by thesize of the monitoring block, which is the method’s mainparameter. Relevant statistical issues regarding packet lossesand delays are analysed. Finally, the measurement method isdiscussed in the context of applications, as well as networkand service management systems in general.

  • 14.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Networks.
    Systematic Sampling and Cluster Sampling of Packet Delays2006In: Systematic Sampling and Cluster Sampling of Packet Delays, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on experiences of a traffic flow performance meter this papersuggests and evaluates cluster sampling and systematic sampling as methods toestimate average packet delays. Systematic sampling facilitates for exampletime analysis, frequency analysis and jitter measurements. Cluster samplingwith repeated trains of periodically spaced sampling units separated by randomstarting periods, and systematic sampling are evaluated with respect to accuracyand precision. Packet delay traces have been used in simulation studies.The motivation for this kind of cluster sampling is to avoid performance deteriorationdue to possible periodic patterns in packet delays. The conclusion ofthis study is that systematic sampling and cluster sampling methods are efficientalternatives, or complements, to simple random sampling.

  • 15.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Brownlee, Nevil
    Integrating Active Methods and Flow Meters – an implementation using NeTraMet2003In: Integrating Active Methods and Flow Meters – an implementation using NeTraMet, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH). KTH.
    Ha, Minkeun
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
    Enabling dynamic and lightweigth management of distributed Bluetooth low energy devices2018In: 2018 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications, 2018, p. 615-619Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a wireless communication technology for Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Although recent versions of BLE embrace the 6LoWPAN standard for IPv6 low-power device communication, this is often not the best choice for constrained-node networks due to downsides such as increased memory and computation overhead, heavier network stack, increased power consumption, backward incompatibility, etc. A crucial requirement for successful IoT solutions is an efficient strategy for monitoring and control of highly distributed sensor nodes. In this paper, we propose a dynamic and lightweight model for management of distributed constrained BLE nodes based on OMA Lightweight M2M (LWM2M) protocol. To this end, we have designed a new intermediate component, a BLELWM2M gateway (GW), which has dual roles: a BLE master that monitors and controls the BLE devices, and a LWM2M client that acts on behalf of an operator's LWM2M management server. The BLE-LWM2M GW has interfaces to dynamically manage connected BLE devices as LWM2M objects, called ObjectTwins, in runtime without a need for user configuration. All services that BLE devices provide are mapped to the ObjectTwins in the gateway, which are exposed to the LWM2M server. Hence, this model enables a LWM2M server to manage distributed BLE devices by interacting with the BLE-LWM2M GW using the LWM2M standard methods, and the constrained devices can still use a native Bluetooth communication protocol. To verify its feasibility, a prototype of a mobile healthcare system has been implemented in a testbed.

  • 17.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Performance Control in Wireless Sensor Networks2009In: Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare, 2009. PervasiveHealth 2009. 3rd International Conference on, IEEE , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an implementation of a method for performance control in wireless body sensor networks based on measurement feedback, especially targeted for demanding healthcare applications.

  • 18.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering.
    Performance Measurements and Control in Contention-Based Wireless Sensor Networks2009In: 6th Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW 2009), 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an implementation of a method for performance control in wireless body sensor networks based on measurement feedback, especially targeted for demanding healthcare applications.

  • 19.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Performance Monitoring and Control in Contention-Based Wireless Sensor Networks2009In: Proceedings of the 2009 6th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, ISWCS'09, NEW YORK: IEEE conference proceedings, 2009, p. 507-511Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a method for performance monitoring and control in wireless body sensor networks based on measurement feedback. Test results using a prototype implementation of the method are also analyzed. The method has been evaluated for demanding healthcare related applications in wireless personal area networks.

  • 20.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Gonga, Antonio
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    A performance monitoring method for wireless sensor networks2008In: PETRA '08 Proceedings of the 1st international conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments, New York: ACM , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a monitoring method and its implementation as a light-weight end-to-end performance meter for quality-demanding applications in wireless sensor networks. The use of performance feedback information for control and management is also considered. The method is evaluated in a wireless sensor network testbed for healthcare applications.

  • 21.
    Lindh, Thomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Networks.
    Roos, Emma
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Monitoring of SIP-based communication using signalling information for performance measurements2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a prototype implementation of end-to-end monitoring of performance parameters in SIP-based communication. The approach is to integrate signalling information and measurements of user data traffic. Test measurements illustrate some results that can be obtained per session; packet loss, roundtrip delays and their variation, inter-arrival jitter and throughput.

  • 22.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Gonga, Antonio
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    An End-to-End Performance Meter for Applications in Wireless Body Sensor Networks2008In: 2008 5th International Summer School and Symposium on Medical Devices and Biosensors, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2008, p. 295-298Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a monitoring method and its implementation as a light-weight end-to-end performance meter for quality-demanding applications in wireless body sensor networks. The method is evaluated in a wireless sensor network testbed for healthcare applications.

  • 23.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Measurement-based admission control in wireless sensor networks2010In: 2010 Eleventh International Conference on Mobile Data Management (MDM), IEEE , 2010, p. 426-431Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless sensor networks have today emerged as a feasible infrastructure for healthcare applications. This paper addresses the non-trivial performance problems in contentionbased wireless networks. We present a method for admission control in contention-based networks, implemented as a component of a performance management system. The test results show that admission control can improve the predictability and level of performance in wireless sensor networks. The system can be used as a tool for dimensioning and configuration as well as for real-time admission control. The often unpredictable dynamics in contention-based access networks means that continuous performance control is needed to maintain a desired quality of service.

  • 24.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Measurement-Based Admission Control in Wireless Sensor Networks2010In: 2010 FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS (SENSORCOMM), IEEE , 2010, p. 447-452Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless sensor networks have today emerged as a feasible infrastructure for healthcare applications. This paper addresses the non-trivial performance problems in contention-based wireless networks. We present a method for admission control in contention-based networks, implemented as a component of a performance management system. The test results show that admission control can improve the predictability and level of performance in wireless sensor networks. The system can be used as a tool for dimensioning and configuration as well as for real-time admission control. The often unpredictable dynamics in contention-based access networks means that continuous performance control is needed to maintain a desired quality of service.

  • 25.
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Measurement-Based Performance and Admission Controlin Wireless Sensor Networks2011In: The International Journal on Advances in Systems and Measurement, ISSN 1942-261x, Vol. 4, no 1-2, p. 32-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This journal paper presents a measurement-basedperformance management system for contention-based wireless sensor networks. Its main features are admission andperformance control based on measurement data from lightweight performance meters in the endpoints. Test results showthat admission and performance control improve the predictability and level of performance. The system can also be used asa tool for dimensioning and configuration of services in wireless sensor networks. Among the rapidly emerging services inwireless sensor networks we focus on healthcare applications

  • 26.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.
    A Javascript Web Framework for Rapid Development of Applications in IoT System for eHealthManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is currently the dom- inating wireless network solution for eHealth and sports. Howev- er, most BLE sensors require dedicated applications with limited development capabilities. This paper presents a method for rapid development of applications in distributed BLE IoT systems for eHealth and sports. The method is implemented as a JavaScript web framework based on HTML5 canvas, WebSocket and Web Bluetooth APIs. This paper demonstrates how the framework can be applied to develop an application for monitoring physical activity and heart rate. The framework enables software and service operators to iteratively create, tune and deploy filter algorithms in distributed BLE IoT systems, without rebooting nodes or restarting programs using dynamic software updating.

  • 27.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Health Informatics and Logistics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
    A javascript web framework for rapid development of applications in IoT systems for eHealth2018In: 2018 IEEE 20th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services, Healthcom 2018, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is currently the dominating wireless network solution for eHealth and sports. However, most BLE sensors require dedicated applications with limited development capabilities. This paper presents a method for rapid development of applications in distributed BLE IoT systems for eHealth and sports. The method is implemented as a JavaScript web framework based on HTML5 canvas, WebSocket and Web Bluetooth APIs. This paper demonstrates how the framework can be applied to develop an application for monitoring physical activity and heart rate. The framework enables software and service operators to iteratively create, tune and deploy filter algorithms in distributed BLE IoT systems, without rebooting nodes or restarting programs using dynamic software updating.

  • 28.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Real-time Performance Management of Assisted Living Services for Bluetooth Low Energy Sensor Communication2017In: Integrated Network and Service Management (IM), 2017 IFIP/IEEE Symposium on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PerfMon is a prototype implementation of a realtime performance management method for sensor data communication in assisted living applications. It is implemented in accordance with the specification for GATT services in Bluetooth low energy (BLE). PerfMon provides a tool for real-time performance monitoring and control for caregivers and service providers. Test results from monitoring and control of packet loss ratio related to alarm thresholds are presented. PerfMon is adapted to cloud-based web services using RESTful APIs and established object models. Performance management is a necessary component in an overall management system of IoT devices for healthcare and assisted living applications.

  • 29.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Computer and Electronic Engineering.
    Smartphone-Centric Wi-Fi Device-to-Device Sensor Communication for User Mobility in AAL Services2016In: Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2016 IEEE 27th Annual International Symposium on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, p. 80-85Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates a use-case for smartphone-centric Wi-Fi device-to-device sensor communication that enables user mobility in ambient assisted living (AAL) services. A real-time performance measurement method has been developed and implemented to evaluate the smartphone’s ability to act as a hub and gateway for Wi-Fi connected sensor nodes. The results show that Wi-Fi Direct and Wi-Fi Hotspot are feasible solutions for smartphone-centric device-to-device communication that enables user mobility. In addition, a cloud-based web application for monitoring and displaying sensor data has been implemented.

  • 30.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Eriksson, Martin
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    A novel approach to multi-sensor data synchronization using mobile phones2011In: Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Body Area Networks: BodyNets 2010, 2011, p. 171-174Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a new algorithm for synchronization of data from multiple sensors arriving to a mobile phone's Bluetooth interface with possibly unknown and different sampling frequencies. A system that provides feedback signals to an athlete is one example where it is crucial to synchronize data from several wireless sensors; especially sensor nodes use different and unknown sampling rates.

  • 31.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
    Local Time Synchronization in Bluetooth Piconets for Data Fusion Using Mobile Phones2011In: BSN 2011: 8th International Conference on Body Sensor Networks, 2011, p. 113-138Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a method to synchronize the clocks in a Bluetooth piconet from the application layer in a mobile phone. It adapts algorithms for time synchronization of distributed systems and the Internet to Bluetooth networks. The performance issues that cause problems for data synchronization between master and slaves in Bluetooth are highlighted. The tests show that the synchronization error is limited to one sampling time.

  • 32.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Eriksson, Martin
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical sensors, signals and systems (MSSS) (Closed 20130701).
    A novel approach to multi-sensor data synchronisation using mobile phones2013In: International Journal of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems, ISSN 1754-8632, E-ISSN 1754-8640, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 289-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a new algorithm for application layer synchronisation of data from multiple sensors arriving to a mobile phone's Bluetooth interface. A system that provides feedback signals to an athlete is one example where it is crucial to synchronise data from several wireless sensors. This paper also discusses synchronisation problems caused by unpredictable Bluetooth transmission performance. 

  • 33.
    Wåhslén, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Orhan, Ibrahim
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Sturm, Dennis
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Technology in Medicine and Health, CTMH.
    Lindh, Thomas
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Data- och elektroteknik (Closed 20130701).
    Performance evaluation of time synchronization and clock drift compensation in wireless personal area networks2012In: BodyNets '12 Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Body Area Networks, ICST , 2012, p. 153-158Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient algorithms for time synchronization, including compensation for clock drift, are essential in order to obtain reliable fusion of data samples from multiple wireless sensor nodes. This paper evaluates the performance of algorithms based on three different approaches; one that synchronizes the local clocks on the sensor nodes, and a second that uses a single clock on the receiving node (e.g. a mobile phone), and a third that uses broadcast messages. The performances of the synchronization algorithms are evaluated in wireless personal area networks, especially Bluetooth piconets and ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 networks. A new approach for compensation of clock drift and a realtime implementation of single node synchronization from the mobile phone are presented and tested. Finally, applications of data fusion and time synchronization are shown in two different use cases; a kayaking sports case, and monitoring of heart and respiration of prematurely born infants. 

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