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  • 1.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    A universal space for ageing.: Demographic changes, eldercare and competitions in Denmark, Norway and Sweden.2015Ingår i: Architecture competitions and the production of culture, quality and knowledge: An international inquiry / [ed] Chupin, J.P.; Cucuzzella, C.; Helal. B., Montréal: Potential Architecture Books , 2015, 1, s. 74-91Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of an ageing world, theories on welfare regimes as well as their influence on architecture for ageing come of relevance. The key mechanism in these theories is the perceived level of decommodification in society, i.e. various financial measures that the individual subject initiates personally in order to prepare for different stages in his/ her life: bringing up children, education, health and sickness, professional career or retiring from professional life. One concrete measure is special accommodations for dependent and frail older people, here termed residential care homes (RCH). Decommodification is supposedly most developed in welfare regimes originating from social democratic values, similar to Nordic countries, like Denmark, Norway and Sweden. During the 20th century, these countries have used architectural competitions in order to harmonize socio-political ideals with the architectural realization of RCHs. The present study explores the organizational forms of 77 architectural competitions that were organized in these countries during the period 2000-2011. A sub-sample of 9 competition programmes, three from each country, were analyzed concerning the presence of welfare goals and other prerequisites for the design task in the programming brief. The sample was assembled through key word searches in open and restricted databases. Based on the full sample, restricted competitions appeared as the most used form for RCH competitions. The sub-sample suggested that language and ideological capital, originating from the realization of the Nordic welfare state, adds an additional restriction. Hence, the overall conclusion suggests that that existing socio-political ideals for architecture for the dependent and frail aging process tends to block the integration of international findings on universal space for ageing well. 

  • 2.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    AESTHETICS AND ARCHITECTURE FOR THE DEPENDENT AGEING PROCESS:: SIX ARCHITECTURAL COMPETITIONS IN SWEDEN, 1907–20122016Ingår i: AESTHETICS – THE UNEASY DIMENSION IN ARCHITECTURE: Proceedings Series 2016-1 / [ed] A. E. Toft, & M. Rönn, Oslo: Nordic Academic Press of Architectural Research in cooperation with Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art, NTNU , 2016, 1, s. 109-130Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the search for an appropriate space for accommodating dependent older people can be associated with the construction of the development of the modern welfare society. Despite different political paradigms, the notion of a comfortable ageing process in a familiar home environment, complemented by individualized caregiving, has become the dominant idea for architecture for the frail ageing process. This study explores the evolution of this particular aesthetics by examining six architectural competitions that were organized during the period from 1907 to 2012. These competitions served as research material. The documentation of each of these competitions was subjected to a close-reading and drawing-analysis procedure. Being national, these competitions forged the positive connotations of the locus of home into aesthetical criteria for a normative homelikeness, which was implemented by the Swedish municipalities. In the course of time, homelikeness has changed from an emotional understanding into an approach for architectural critique. Based on the six competitions, this study postulates that the aesthetics of homelikeness involves the following aspects: 1) small-scale buildings with interior space that is designed for communal or individual usage; 2) small-scale buildings in a large-scale configuration with space for individual and communal use; 3) integration in and location to surrounding areas for residential use; 4) exploration of sensory aspects of the indoor and the outdoor environment that the architectural design created; and 5) architectural design promoting the individual process of appropriating it into becoming a locus of home.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Appropriating space in an assisted living residence: On architecture and elderly frail people's spatial use2011Ingår i: Considering Research: Proceedings of the ARCC spring research conference 2011 / [ed] Architectural Research Centers Consortium, Southfield, MI: Lawrence Technological University , 2011, s. 1-19Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An assisted living residence with identical layout for two non-special care units (NSCU) and twospecial care units (SCU), designated as an exemplary model, was used as a test bed for this study on elderlypeople’s spatial appropriation of communal space. Using qualitative research methods (interviews,participatory observations, TESS-NH), eighteen residents’ spatial usages were mapped. Thereafter, tenresidents with dominantly somatic diseases were interviewed as to their appreciation and use of thecommunal space. Using the same qualitative interviewing guide, three staff members were interviewed inrelation to eight persons with dementia. The collected data was analyzed by use of the Lynchean imageabilitypentad. Depending on the residents’ age-related problem and the specific conditions in situ, the elderlypersons’ spatial usages of the individual unit could be described graphically in a mental map. A place-makingprocess was the motivating force behind this spatial appropriation, conditioned by age-related problems. Atthe NSCUs, the elderly spurred this process themselves by developing a pattern consisting of movementstowards places open for activities, contact and social interaction. On the other hand, at the SCUs, thedementia diagnosis affected this pattern. At these units, the movements and the places depended upon theelderly person’s dependency on the staff for self-affirmation and calm. The overarching conclusion of thisstudy is that an appropriate architectural space for an assisted living residence reinforces the place-makingprocess, either the one of the elderly frail people, or the one staged by the staff. Besides generalrequirements of accessibility, functionality, and usability, this type of architecture needs to employ spatialelements that constitute a communal space that fosters an appropriative process based on the sensuousstimulation exploitable at a particular place. Thus, architecture acquires a supportive quality that nourishesthe perceived homeliness by the elderly people themselves, or as staged by the staff.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Architecture and Ageing: On the Interaction between Frail Older People and the Built Environment2011Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral thesis deals with the type of architecture that materializes when age-related problems become a long-term condition (LTC) and gradually restrain the individual’s ability to perform activities in daily life (ADL). Their life situation necessitates a support from relatives or municipal eldercare staff in order for them to continue to participate in everyday living. In addition, the architectural space requires a close adjustment to the personal panorama of cognitive or functional impairments. The habitat can be a flat appropriated many years previously or in a residential care home for dependent and frail seniors. Architecture for ageing with dependency demonstrates how space can be used either to affirm or oppress the older person’s attempts to maintain an independent life style. By use of design theory, case study methodology and a heterogeneous research strategy, this study uses a threefold approach—a retrospective, a contemporaneous, and a future-oriented approach—to explore frail older people’s interaction with the architectural space of residential care homes. This has resulted in seven papers that focus on aspects of these human interactions with the built environment. Based on twelve exemplary models, the research paper I concludes that national guidelines result in a homelike, a hotel-like or a hospital-like environment. Research paper II is a retrospective study that examines the use of architecture competitions as a socio-political instrument to define architectural guidelines. Research paper III focuses on dependent seniors’ spatial appropriation of the communally shared space of a ward in a residential care home. Research paper IV employs two environmental assessment methods from the architecture profession and gerontological research (TESS-NH) in order to evaluate the use of interior colouring when refurbishing two residential care homes while the residents remained in place. Research paper V displays a municipal organizer’s considerations to opt for an architecture competition as a means of renewing architecture for the ageing population. Research paper VI examines competition documentation of three municipal architecture competitions organized during the period of 2006 to 2009. Research paper VII, the final study, explores notions concerning the appropriate space for ageing found among a group of municipal representatives, and people from organizations defending older people’s right. It supplies a model for understanding the appropriate space for ageing. This study illustrates the absence of older people with frailties in the public discussion about appropriate architecture for ageing. During the 20th century, the multi-dimensional idea of an architectural space with a homelike appearance has been used to contrast the negatively charged opposite—the complete and austere institution. The overarching conclusion of this study is that architecture for dependent and frail seniors constitutes a particular type of built space that requires an extended dialogue involving dependent seniors, architects, building contractors and care planners in order to conceive appropriate architecture for the ageing society.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Architecture and the Swedish welfare state: three architectural competitions that innovated space for dependent and frail older people2015Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 837-864Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2012, three architectural competitions were held as part of the strategic programme 'Living Well, Growing Old', launched by the Swedish government in 2010. The intention was to use the innovative quality of the architectural competition in order to conceive future-oriented built environments for the ageing Swedish society. In Sweden, several architectural competitions with a focus on space for dependent and frail older people have been organised over the past century. Architectural design has been incorporated into reforms for social care of older people. This study focuses on the relationship between architecture and sociopolitical visions in three architectural competitions, realised in 1997, 1948 and 1979. The study demonstrates that architectural competitions within this field are more than a list of functional and spatial requirements for architects to respect. Instead, they are socio-political statements that define spatial frameworks within an ideological view on how ethically to provide care for dependent and frail older people in a welfare regime.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Architecture competitions, demographic changes, And eldercare: Three variables in the creation of a universal space for ageing2012Ingår i: International Competitions and Architectural Quality in the Planetary Age: CRC + LEAP international symposium, Montréal, Canada, / [ed] Jean-Pierre Chupin, Montréal, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of an ageing world, the theory of welfare regimes as well as the type of architecture that is an outcome of the influence of this theory becomes pertinent. It is based on the perceived level of decommodification in society, i.e. various financial measures that the individual has to initiate in order to prepare for different stages in life: bringing up children, education, health and sickness, professional career, and retirement. Residential care homes (RCH) accommodate elderly and dependent persons. The highest level of decommodification is found in the social-democratic welfare regime represented by the three Nordic countries, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The present study explores the programming of RCH in these countries and the architectonic conception of the same by use of architecture competitions. The research material includes competitions realized during the period of 2000 to 2011, and the sample has been accumulated through internet searches. The competition documentation has been subjected to “close reading.” The full sample, consisting of 78 competitions, has allowed for establishing the organizational forms that are used in the three Nordic competitions. A sub-sample of nine competition programs, three from each country, has permitted a detailed analysis of the design assignment. The preliminary conclusion of the study suggests that the socio-political ideas that adhere to the realization of the welfare regime and the resulting type of architecture for ageing with dependency are maintained at the expense of the integration into the system of international findings on a universal space for ageing.

     

  • 7.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Architecture for dependent seniors: the architecturecompetition as a socio-political instrument todefine space for Ageing in the Twentieth Century SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Since mid 19th century, approximately seventy-two architecture competitions have been organized in Sweden with a focus on space for dependent senior persons. On three occasions, in 1907, 1948 and in 1979, these competitions were used to promote new architectural thinking and to prepare for a reform of existing social legislation. Starting with two research questions—firstly, what kind of architectural space did the competition documents of these competitions (competition briefs, jury assessment reports and submitted competition entries) define as appropriate for eldercare; and, secondly, did the use of the architecture competition renew thinking about appropriate space for frail older people—this study explores the architectonic realization and the political vision for social work. The study argues the presence of a link between the competition documentations and the ruling welfare typology at the time of the competition. The architecture competition defined guidelines consistent with these paradigms concerning the appropriate space and social work for ageing with chronic conditions. These guidelines designated small-scaled architecture with homelike connotations as the appropriate one for ageing with frailties. The study lends support to an overarching conclusion that the architecture competition influences cultural beliefs about social work and space for dependent ageing since the competition brief encapsulates a political vision that the participating architects interpret spatially. This has led to the progressive realization during the 20th century of the individualized space for dependent seniors.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architecture for the silver generation: Exploring the meaning of appropriate space for ageing in a Swedish municipality2011Ingår i: Health and Place, ISSN 1353-8292, E-ISSN 1873-2054, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 572-587Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on an architecture competition for the silver generation, namely those aged 65 years and older. Twenty-seven Swedish informants were interviewed using an interviewing guide that included a photographic survey. The informants emphasised aesthetic dimensions in architecture for the prolongation of ageing in place and independent living in a residential home. This study highlights the individual adjustment of space, and the integrated location in existing urban settings near nature. Based on the findings, a habitational model for exploring the appropriate space for ageing is formulated. It suggests that architecture through location and spatial features needs to generate positive associations with the users.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Arkitektur och åldrande: sju berättelser om användning och upplevelse av rum i boendemiljöer för äldre med omsorgsbehov2005Ingår i: Den omvända ålderspyramiden / [ed] Blücher, G, Graninger, G, Vadstena: Stiftelsen Vadstena forum för samhällsbyggande , 2005, s. 69-109Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Arkitektur og sociale idealer for plejekraevende og svage aeldre2015Ingår i: In press: In press / [ed] Rostgaard, T.; Jensen, P.H., Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Arkitekturens betydelse för hemlikhet i särskilt boende2012Ingår i: Äldres boende: Forskningsperspektiv i Norden / [ed] Marianne Abramsson, Catharina Nord, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, s. 219-246Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Bygger vi som vi tänker: eller bygger vi utan att tänka?2006Ingår i: Äldre i centrum : tidskrift för aktuell äldreforskning, ISSN 1653-3585, Vol. 4, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Cacophonic architectural mobility: Designing space for people with cognitive or functional impairments2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Often described as frozen music, architecture functions as a fixation agent for contemporaneous or past thinking on appropriate space for embarking on or ending a journey. This type of architecture becomes visual to its essence. It interacts with the human capacity of seeing in order to be perceived correctly. The spatial design describes the progression from the immobile built environment, which surrounds the embarkation space, to the means of transportation: air planes, buses or trains.

    Orientational cues inside the embarkation space may give people with cognitive or functional disabilities some indication on how to access the infrastructure. These cues include colour coding, tactile cues, illumination and signage. These are supposed to facilitate way-finding from various key points in the embarkation space like from the entrance to the check-in counter, or to assisted services. Sound insulation is often overlooked as an orientational cue, thus, creating a vibrant soundscape of callouts, voices and mechanical installations.

    Tactile cues may inhibit or promote this user group’s independent use of this type of space: Fixed to the built environment, tactile cues become subject to conflicting interests due to maintenance and usage of the embarkation space. The present study investigates the effectiveness of orientational cues in architecture for mobility. The study was based on a literature review of 200 scientific papers. These papers were extracted by use of key word searches in four databases (Ebsco, Jstor, Sciencedirect and Scopus). The study proposes a set of conclusions, which tactile cues in architectural space for mobility have to respect in order to be useful for people with visual impairments.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Cacophony in architecture for mobility:: Designing space for people with cognitive or functional impairments2015Ingår i: Urban Mobility - Architectures,Geographies and Social Space: the 2015 Symposium of the Nordic Association of Architectural Research / [ed] Grundström, K., Malmö, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Often described as frozen music, architecture functions as a fixation agent for contemporaneous or past thinking on appropriate space for embarking on or ending a journey. The underlying conceptualization of this space relies on study visits to exemplary models or meticulous studies of drawings of space for mobility. This type of architecture becomes visual to its essence. It interacts with the human capacity of seeing in order to be perceived correctly. The spatial design describes the progression from the immobile built environment, which surrounds the embarkation space, to the means of transportation: air planes, buses or trains.

    Orientational cues inside the embarkation space give indication on how to access the infrastructure. This includes colour coding, illumination and signage. Sound insulation as an orientational cues is often neglected, thus, creating a vibrant soundscape of callouts, voices and mechanical installations. In order to help people with reduced sight or visual impairments, tactile cues are integrated in the flooring. These are supposed to facilitate way-finding from various key points in the embarkation space like from the entrance to the check-in counter, or to assisted services.

    The present study investigates the effectiveness of tactile cues in architecture for mobility. The study is based on interviews with people with visual problems and their experiences of Swedish architecture for mobility. This group of people often associate tactile cues with ambiguous spatial interpretations. Fixed to the built environment, tactile cues are subject to conflicting interests in maintenance and use of the embarkation space, which may inhibit or promote this user group’s independent use of this type of space. The study proposes a set of conclusions that tactile cues have to respect in order to be useful for people with visual impairments. 

  • 15.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Calamities and controversies around resilient architecture for ageing: life course perspective on an exemplary Swedish residential care home2014Ingår i: / [ed] Padam, K.; Silik, K., 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Age is a delicate matter, but the Swedish welfare state is ageing and has an increasingly larger propor-tion of elderly people, about 19 per cent (Sweden Statistics, 2014). Since the election campaign in 2006, the matter of appropriate housing and caregiving for older frail persons has been a reoccurring item on the political agenda. Governmental delegations and programmes have ventured out into the great unknown territory of architectural experiences and age-related problems. However, one existing residential care home, in the following RCH, pops up as an exemplary and universal model for architec-ture and the frail ageing process, the residential care home of Vigs Ängar.Initiated as a mutual initiative in the early 1990s, between a local anthroposophical interest group and the municipality of Ystad, Sweden, its creation and existence describe a troublesome tension between legal frameworks, managerial systems for eldercare, facility management and idealistic visions for fu-ture-oriented caregiving. Despite a 20 year existence, this exemplary model has resulted in few similar facilities, both architecture-wise and eldercare-wise. Instead, a large number of national and interna-tional study visits have turned the building along with caregiving into an open smorgasbord consisting of architectural elements or therapeutic approaches, subject to free sampling and tasting. To some extent, the anthroposophical label has clouded the resilient approach in architectural design and care-giving for the frail stages in life.The focus of this paper was to go behind semantics and unravel the generating images that constitute the fundamental reason for the exemplary status of the RCH in question. Critical analysis has been applied as a research method in order to scrutinize documents and drawings that originate from the design process. Random conversations and interviews with various informants associated with the RCH, among which the architect, have been executed over the period 2007-2013. This study suggests that the key factor in this successful realization of an RCH is the solid idea for a resilient architecture. This idea encompasses both ephemeral and tangible experiences of space that structure both the older person’s quality in life as well as the individual staff member’s satisfaction with the work envi-ronment. In that sense, the RCH of Vigs Ängar is more of a spatial sensation than an anthroposophical epiphany.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Chockade fransmän debatterar äldrevård2004Ingår i: Äldre i centrum : tidskrift för aktuell äldreforskning, ISSN 1653-3585, Vol. 1, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Compact living or space for ageing comfortably: Contemporary architectural thinking for the Nordic frail ageing process2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Competition programs as articulators of welfare goals concerning dependent seniors2012Ingår i: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, Vol. 1, s. 65-96Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Creating empathetic architecture for the frail elderly: Socio-political goals as criteria in an architectural competition2011Ingår i: Architectural Competitions: Research inquiries and experiences / [ed] Magnus Rönn, Reza Kazemian, Jonas E Andersson, Stockholm: Axl Books , 2011, 1, s. 260-301Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006, the Swedish municipality of Jaerfaella arranged an open architecturalcompetition focusing on future-oriented architectonic visions forelderly citizens. The location would be in a new residential area that wouldbe developed at a former airbase. The jury assessment report praised thetown plan in the winning Danish entry, but concluded that the majority ofthe thirty-three entries, including the winner, had designed rather conventionalhousing for elderly citizens who would have need of daily assistanceand care. This paper is based upon findings in a single case study, andfocuses on the municipal organizer’s decision-making process in arrangingan open municipal architectural competition. The research material consistedof interviews, offcial records, drawings and other relevant documentationof the process. The collected research material implied that the organizationof an architectural competition in a Swedish municipality is a vivavoce process, where spoken arguments are summarized in writing. Havingdelimited the case study, structured and thematic questions were designedfor use in interviews with a sample of thirty interviewees. The thematicsection of questions was inspired by the French Photolanguage method,and was used to discuss an important Swedish principle for creating a senseof homeliness for the frail elderly. Twelve interviewees were then identifiedas key informants and their statements were correlated with offcialrecords, drawings and other documentation. The analysis of the researchmaterial called for a guiding theory of discourses integrated into architectureas a field of practice. Based upon the guiding theory, six theoreticalconclusions were formulated: 1) The municipal organizer used divergentdiscourses to assess the feasibility of an open architectural competition; 2)The discourses were shaped by personal experiences with built environmentsfiltered through an individual profession-based framework; 3) Therewere five different discourses: a planning-based, a visionary, an ethical, anda conceptual discourse, all of which interacted with a human-spatial bounddiscourse on ageing and architecture; 4) A concept of integration open forinterpretation unified the five discourses and furthered the possibility ofan architectural competition. The concept was understood differently inthe five discourses; 5) The motives for a competition were connected tothe possibility to market the municipality. 6) The main principle of theSwedish concept of homeliness needs further defining to generate strongerguidelines for architecture.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Den boende i centrum vid utformning av god arkitektur vid demensproblem2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Den gode aldring set ud fra arkitektkonkurrencer og sociale reformer: -2015Ingår i: Det aldrende samfund: Udfordringer og nye muligheder / [ed] Jensen, P.H. & Rostgaard, T., Köpenhamn: Frydenlund Academic , 2015, 1, s. 151-174Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Design for assisted living2004Ingår i: Arkitektur, ISSN 0004-2021, Vol. 3Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Designing Elderly Housing,: Swedish Architects on Conceptualizing Home Values2006Ingår i: Conference report. ENHR 2006, Ljublijana: ENHR , 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Empatisk arkitektur: exemplet Vigs Ängar2007Ingår i: Gammal och fri / [ed] Lillemor Husberg, Lisa Ovesen, Simrishamn: Förlag Ängsblomman , 2007, 1, s. 80-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Försök till jämförande analys: mätbara och omätbara värden i kvalitet2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Goda boendemiljöer med vård och omsorg: för det sköra åldrandet2014Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Goda miljöer för äldre: en fråga för arkitekter?2004Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Habitat privé, hôtel ou hôpital ?: L’architecture rela-tive à l’hébergement de personnes âgées et de-pendantes, (EHPAD) en Suède.Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [fr]

    En 2006 le gouvernement suédois a alloué des ressources aux nouveaux établissements d’hébergement de personnes âgées et dépendantes (EHPAD), étant donné que le nombre d’appartements avait baissé de quinze pour cent. L’architecture suédoise d’EHPAD est soumise à des lignes directrices de conception promouvant l’idée d’un habitat accueillant : l’appartement est à considérer comme un domicile dans le logement ordinaire mais une partie de la superficie pour cuisiner et agir socialement est transférée à un espace commun. A propos de l’EHPAD, la Direction nationale de la santé et des affaires sociales (DNSAS) a découvert un manque de statistiques. De plus, l’effet des lignes directrices sur l’architecture d’EHPAD n’est pas évalué. Basée sur un échantillon de douze modèles de logements EHPAD, cette étude analyse leur effet sur l’espace architectural. On peut identifier trois scénarios conceptuels, montrant que les lignes directrices engendrent des environnements caractérisés comme habitat privé, hôtel ou hôpital.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Hem ljuva hem2005Ingår i: Tidningen Äldreomsorg, ISSN 1403-7025, Vol. 6Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Hemmets ytterligheter på ålderns höst: ett värdigt hem i två perspektiv2014Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Home, hotel or hospital?: On Swedish architecture used in twelve residential homes for frail older people between 1983 and 2003Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [fr]

    En 2006 le gouvernement suédois a alloué des ressources aux nouveaux établissements d’hébergement de personnes âgées et dépendantes (EHPAD), étant donné que le nombre d’appartements avait baissé de quinze pour cent. L’architecture suédoise d’EHPAD est soumise à des lignes directrices de conception promouvant l’idée d’un habitat accueillant : l’appartement est à considérer comme un domicile dans le logement ordinaire mais une partie de la superficie pour cuisiner et agir socialement est transférée à un espace commun. A propos de l’EHPAD, la Direction nationale de la santé et des affaires sociales (DNSAS) a découvert un manque de statistiques. De plus, l’effet des lignes directrices sur l’architecture d’EHPAD n’est pas évalué. Basée sur un échantillon de douze modèles de logements EHPAD, cette étude analyse leur effet sur l’espace architectural. On peut identifier trois scénarios conceptuels, montrant que les lignes directrices engendrent des environnements caractérisés comme habitat privé, hôtel ou hôpital.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Hur kan man skapa den bästa miljön på ett äldreboende? Hur kan man förvandla det institutionella intrycket till en miljö som man kan trivas som hemma i?: Byggandet av framtidssäkra äldreboenden och exempel på evidensbaserad design2012Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan man skapa den bästa miljön på ett äldreboende? Hur kan man förvandla det institutionella intrycket till en miljö som man kan trivas som hemma i? / How to create the best possible environment for frail older people in residential housing? How to convert the institutional impression to an environment in which you experience homelikeness?: Byggandet av framtidssäkra äldreboenden och exempel på evidensbaserad design. / The building of future-oriented residential housing and examples of evidence-based design.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    IMPROVED SWEDISH ACCESSIBILITY: HINDERED BY A HOUSING IMBROGLIO2016Ingår i: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 9-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The quest to make Sweden accessible for all has a long tradition. Stemmingfrom initiatives of charitable organisations in the early 20th century,accessibility became a physical requirement through the Swedish buildingact of the 1960s. It promoted a type of physical barrier-free architecturefor the welfare state. The socio-political ambitions of the 1970s propelledSweden to become a world-leading nation in the creation of equalopportunities and social inclusion. Architectural design was expected tomeet the demands of people with cognitive, physical or sensory disabilitiesand, on signing the UN convention on equal rights for persons withdisabilities in 2007, existing legislative frameworks were complementedwith additional guidelines on removing physical barriers. By focusing onthe national tripartite definition of accessibility, Sweden has paid littleattention to the development of the universal design concept. Instead,accessibility has been associated with the elusive concept of usability inorder to promote a user-environment fit. Since 2013, the increasing shortageof housing in densely populated areas has impeded work to createan accessible and inclusive welfare state and has fostered the notionthat accessibility increases building costs. This study provides an overviewof the Swedish development of accessibility in order to promoteparticipation and social inclusion by removing physical barriers in thebuilt environment and introducing user-oriented assistive technologies.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Integrating Ageing in Architecture: Swedish Elder Care as a Topic for an Architecture Competition2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Kulturmiljövärden i besluts- och planeringsprocesser: Röster om kompensation som styrmedel mellan bevarande och förändring2014Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser omfattar till olika grad särskilda åtgärder (kompensation), som syftar till att moderera konsekvenserna av en föreslagen förändring på befintliga värden i kultur- eller naturmiljö. Förutom det etablerade samrådsförfarandet, som beskrivs i Plan- och Bygglagen, PBL (SFS 2010:900), aktiveras två andra lagrum, dels Kulturmiljölagen, KML (SFS1988:950), som värnar värden i kulturmiljöer, dels Miljöbalken, MB (SFS1998:808), som skyddar värden i naturmiljöer. Medan PBL och KML hanterar kulturmiljövärden under allmänna skrivningar om hänsyn och varsamhet i förhållande till omgivande bebyggelse, innehåller MB tydliga föreskrifter att påtagliga skador på riksintressanta kultur- och naturmiljövärden ska balanseras genom kompensatoriska strategier. Denna obalans skapar en otydlighet i hanteringen av kulturmiljövärden i kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser.

         Inom ramen för ett forskningsprojekt kring begreppen kompensation och styrmedel, finansierat under 2014 av Riksantikvarieämbetet, RÄA, inbjöds sju planerare med erfarenhet av kommunal planering till en workshop för att diskutera begreppens innebörd närmare. Workshoppen genomfördes på Arkitekturskolan, KTH, och i diskussionen deltog även åtta deltagare, knutna till forskningsprojektet. Deltagarnas professionella bakgrund var en form av en arkitektkompetens: 4 deltagare var utbildade till arkitekt med specialisering på hus- eller stadsbyggnad, 2 landskapsarkitekter, 1ingenjör, 2 deltagare var arkeologer samt 1 bebyggelseantikvarie. Fem deltagare hade forskarkompetens inom arkeologi, arkitektur och samhällsplanering. Syftet med workshoppen var att diskutera praktikens förståelse av begreppen i olika kommunal besluts- och planeringsprocesser. Som ett pedagogiskt exempel användes besluts- och planeringsprocessen för åren 2009-2013 kring Ångfärjestationen i Helsingborg, belägen i Stortorgets förlängning och med utsikt över sundet. Kompensation och styrmedel diskuterades under 5 timmar i två olika sammanhang, dels deltagarnas egna tidigare erfarenheter av sådana kompensatoriska åtgärder, dels speglat genom den utvalda skånska fallstudien.

         Workshoppen ger underlag för fem huvudsakliga slutsatser kring kompensation och styrmedel i samband med kulturmiljövärde i kommunala besluts- och planeringsprocesser: (1) Begreppen är beroende av ett sammanhang, en kontext, för att bli användbara och operationella. (2) Kompensation och styrmedel är mindre kända i förhållande till besluts- och planeringsprocesser, som handlar om ingrepp i bebyggelsemiljöer med kulturmiljövärden. (3) Kompensation och styrmedel avseende kulturmiljö behöver skräddarsys genom ett scenariotänkande, som lyfter fram konsekvenser av att anpassa eller bevara kulturmiljövärden i en förändringssituation. (4) Kompensation och styrmedel hänger samman med en problematik som måste bearbetas från de tidigaste skedena av en kommunal besluts- och planeringsprocess. (5) Kompensation sträcker sig från att vara rena ekonomiska transaktioner för förlust av värden till sin enklaste form, till att bli kompensatoriska styrmedel, som detaljerar användning och utformning av bebyggelse inom en intressant kulturmiljö på en övergripande nivå. 

  • 36.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Looking for Visionary Architecture: Architectural Critique as Pedagogy for Evaluation2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Modelling and simulation as planning tools for improvement of the quality of health care environments: towards a conceptual model of a care process2004Ingår i: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, nr 3, s. 85-87Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 38.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Nordisk omsorg för äldre: en förebild för Spanien?2012Ingår i: Ä : en tidning för Riksföreningen sjuksköterskan inom äldrevård : geriatriker, dietister inom geriatrik samt alla professioner runt den äldre patienten, ISSN 2001-1164, nr 2, s. 76-79Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Befolkningsprognoser framtill 2060 visar på en förändring i sammansättningen av befolkningen, där antalet personer i arbetsförålder minskar medan andelen äldre personer med ett möjligt ökande behov av omsorg och vård ökar. Det är ett pågående fenomen att andelen personer 65 år och äldre i befolkningen ökar i de flesta länder. I Europa intar Grekland, Italien och Tyskland tätplatserna med 19-20 procent av befolkningen. Sverige ligger på en fjärde plats med 18 procent. Övriga europeiska länder ligger några procentenheter lägre, mellan 11 till 17 procent, och de följer de förberedelser som de fyra länderna i täten vidtar på tröskeln till ett samhälle som karakteriseras av en stor andel personer i de övre åldersgrupperna. Ett sådant land är Spanien, där gruppen äldre personer 65 år och uppåt uppgår till ca 17 procent av befolkningen. Den demografiska förändringen i Spanien kommer att bli större än de prognoser som görs för Sverige: beroendeförhållandet (antal äldre person jämfört med personer i arbetsförålder) år 2050 uppskattas till 58,7 i Spanien mot 41,9 i Sverige.

  • 39.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Nyanser av bostad och hem i ett äldreboende: om ett fullskaleförsök på Ros­Anders-gården, Tungelsta, Haninge Kommun2005Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 40.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    När åldern tar ut sin rätt: Att rita särskilda boendeformer för äldre handlar om att förstå en åldrandeprocess och ett omsorgsbehov.2004Ingår i: Arkitektur, ISSN 0004-2021, Vol. 4, s. 14-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Optimal competition briefs for a public design process: Three Swedish briefs in architectural compe­titions on housing for dependent seniors2010Ingår i: Conference 2010: Construction Matters, Managing Complexities, Decisions and Actions in the Building Process, 2010, s. 28-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the structure of the competition briefs used in three Swedish architectural competitions arranged by a public body and focusing on housing for dependent seniors. In Sweden, housing for elderly frail people is part of the municipal responsibility. The design of this type of housing is subject to recommendations found in the Swedish Social Services Act, which act as design criteria for the architectural space. The intention is to promote the sensation of a homelike and residential architectural space which supports an elderly person’s ability to take in and find his way in this particular space. A dilemma arises, since the Swedish Local Government Act allows these recommendations to be interpreted independently according to the principle of local self-government. The dilemmatic character is even further emphasized in the situation of an architectural competition, where the municipal organiser writes the competition brief, and to an equal extent has the need of both controlling and promoting the innovation of architectural space for dependent seniors. This paper has two purposes: I) to explore how the competition brief is used and perceived by the participating architects and its possible link to the jury assessment report. And II) to investigate how three Swedish municipal organisers have prepared and structured their competition briefs for use in an architectural competition focusing on the habitat for the elderly frail people in need of 24 hour assistance and care, or housing for senior citizens in general. This paper draws seven preliminary conclusions from the three case-studies executed in three different Swedish municipalities. During the period 2000 to 2009, this public body organised an architectural competition either on housing for elderly frail people in particular, or housing in general for independent or dependent senior citizens. The three competitions briefs had various discursive characters, which were related to the authorship and the design task. The successful competition brief has three clear objectives: to convey the organiser’s intentions; nourish the creative thinking of the participants; and to equip the jury members with solid arguments during the assessment process. The study support ground for a general conclusion: the competition brief is the fundamental document for a well executed architectural competition. It requires a thorough preparation in order to accurately define the design task, its perimeters, assessment criteria, jury composition and referential consultation process. This is a shared responsibility between the organiser and the national association of Architects.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Preparing for a Swedish Papy Boom: On ageing as a concept in a design process2010Ingår i: 2010 International Conference on Architectural research: ARCC/ EAAE, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has to prepare for a papy boom, a French term forthe increasing proportion of senior citizens in society, viz.those aged 65 years or older. This paper focuses on amunicipal organizer’s decision-making process to arrangean open, municipal architecture competition with the aim ofpromoting future-oriented architecture for senior citizens. Asample comprising twenty-seven informants (municipalemployees, political officials and other representatives)was selected, and these people were interviewed using aqualitative, interviewing guide. A section in the guideincluded a photograph compilation in order to encouragediscussion about both the competition brief and theSwedish guideline of hominess in architecture intended forelderly, frail people. The aim of this study was to explorenotions about the appropriate, future-oriented habitats ofthe aging population. Such findings describe spatialaspects possible to use as primary generators in anarchitectural design process, and to assist the creativework of architects, when they conceive new architectureand built environments for the future, aging society. Theresult of this study suggests that the photographcompilation was effective in defining twelve key aspects ofappropriate architecture for aging. The results of this studylend support to an overarching conclusion that theappropriate habitat for aging in the future society mustexploit the aesthetic and sensuous dimension ofarchitecture.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Public competitions and competition briefs: Implementing welfare goals for dependent seniors in the architecture competition contextManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In western society, the homelike architecture is acknowledged as the ideal space for a dependent and older person. The realization of this space can be achieved by use of guidelines. These can be precise requirements to realize generally or conceptual criteria to reinvent individually. The open guideline creates a dilemma when an architecture competition is organized: The writing of a competition brief forces the organizer to define a preliminary set of goals for the participating architects to contemplate, but it equips this actor with preconceived views on what to be accomplished. In the competition situation, the main objective of the brief is to generate design solutions that go beyond the organizer’s expectation. Sweden uses open guidelines for space intended for dependent and frail people.

    This paper has three purposes: I) to investigate how three public stakeholders prepare and structure their competition briefs for use in competitions focusing on the habitat for the older frail people and housing for senior citizens; II) to explore the participating architects’use of the competition brief; and III) to study the link between the brief and the jury assessment report. During the period 2000 to 2009, three public stakeholders organized architecture competitions that focused either on housing for dependent older frail people or on residential architecture for senior citizens with few frailties. These competitions constitute three case studies.

    This paper draws seven preliminary conclusions: The successful competition brief conveys the organizer’s intentions; supplies ideas necessary for creative thinking, and fuels the subsequent assessment process. In addition, the competition brief is the key element for the execution of the architecture competition. It defines the design task and its parameters, the jury and assessment criteria, and the need of secondary referential consultation. This is a shared responsibility between the organizer and the national association of architects.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Responsiveness to competitions in architecture: Rationality, opportunism or Swedish whim?2016Ingår i: Architectural competitions: as Institution and Process / [ed] Andersson, Bloxham Zettersten, Rönn, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016, 1, s. 281-316Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 45.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Rum för äldre: om arkitektur för äldre med demens eller somatisk sjukdom2005Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Stödjande arkitektur för sköra äldre: Arkitekttävlingar som medel2012Ingår i: Vigs Ängars diskussionsseminarium 2012, Köpingebro, 2012Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 47.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    The four faces of architecture: on the dynamics of architectural knowledge2006Ingår i: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, Vol. 2Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 48.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    The Nordic model: Evolutions in care and space for the dependant ageing in Sweden with some relevanc to Denmark and Norway2011Ingår i: International Conference: Innovations in nursing homes for people in situations of dependency: Architectural design and care model: 30th November to 1st December 2011. Organizers Caser Foundation for dependence with the collaboration of the Pilares Foundation for Personal Autonomy / [ed] Caser Foundation and Pilares Foundation, Madrid: Caser Foundation and Pilares Foundation , 2011, s. 1-36Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper supplies an overview of present eldercare and architecture for the dependant ageing in the Nordic countries. Sweden is used as an example to detail the past and the present evolution of care and the spatial framework for this purpose. This description has mainly relevance to similar processes that are taking place in Norway and Denmark. In the Nordic countries, eldercare is part of the local authorities’ responsibilities towards the ageing population. The Nordic welfare model promotes the concept of home as the ideal place in which to grow old with or without age-related problems. From the outside, the model could be seen as a homogeneous welfare model for older people that supplies either home care services to allow for a prolonged ageing in place or an individually adjusted care and caring in sheltered housing for the dependent and frail senior Yet, eldercare in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden displays both dissimilarities and similarities. Based on available but rough statistics from the Nordic Council, the ideal balance between these possible outcomes seems to be achieved in Norway. Denmark and Iceland assume an extreme position on this Nordic continuum of eldercare, since they rely on either extensive home care services and sheltered housing or both. In contrast, Finland and Sweden constitute the other extreme with a smaller proportion of both home care services and eldercare for the dependant ageing within the sheltered housing. In the Nordic countries, the recurrent use of the architecture competition provides a window for understanding the evolution of appropriate space for the dependant during the 20th century. In this five country region, the architecture competition system is similar as to organisational form and use among commissioners. During the assessment process, the most adequate architectural solution is promoted by use of five fundamental criteria: 1) ingenuity (the degree of innovation of the submitted architectural design); 2) functionality and usability; 3) aesthetical, architectural and environmental qualities; 4) sustainable and technical performance; and 5) economical and long-term investments. Based on the Swedish example, the cyclic use of the competition on a national level during the 20th century has promoted various prototypes of appropriate architecture for the group of dependent and frail seniors. This process has been guided by a gradual definition of the concept of homelikeness that is related to political reforms of the social act in an inclusive direction. Based on architectural drawings from three Swedish competitions, this space has gone from being no more than the size of a single bed into becoming an individual flat of 30 to 40 m2. These flats have been organized in clusters with communal space for kitchening and socializing, a solution derived from the group living concept of the 1980s. The Nordic countries are preparing for the emerging ageing society. In Norway, new guidelines for the built environment have recently been published, while the Danish approach emphasizes the existential aspects of growing old. Sweden is searching for a renewal of housing for older people in general, both in ordinary housing and in residential care homes by use of the architecture competition. The  architectural development describes the ideo-political process of emphasizing the individual’s universal right to a place called home even in a situation of an age-related dependency on societal assistance.

  • 49.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    THE NORDIC MODEL: EVOLUTIONS IN CARE AND SPACE FOR THE DEPENDANT AGEING IN SWEDEN WITH SOME RELEVANCE TO DENMARK AND NORWAY2011Ingår i: Innovations in Nursing for People in Situations of Dependency: Architectural Design and Care Models / [ed] Caser Fundación and Fundación Pilares, Madrid: Caser Fundación and Fundación Pilares , 2011, s. 36-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper supplies an overview of present eldercare and architecture for the dependant ageing in the Nordic countries. Sweden is used as an example to detail the past and the present evolution of care and the spatial framework for this purpose. This description has mainly relevance to similar processes that are taking place in Norway and Denmark. In the Nordic countries, eldercare is part of the local authorities’ responsibilities towards the ageing population. The Nordic welfare model promotes the concept of home as the ideal place in which to grow old with or without age-related problems. From the outside, the model could be seen as a homogeneous welfare model for older people that supplies either home care services to allow for a prolonged ageing in place or an individually adjusted care and caring in sheltered housing for the dependent and frail senior Yet, eldercare in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden displays both dissimilarities and similarities. Based on available but rough statistics from the Nordic Council, the ideal balance between these possible outcomes seems to be achieved in Norway. Denmark and Iceland assume an extreme position on this Nordic continuum of eldercare, since they rely on either extensive home care services and sheltered housing or both. In contrast, Finland and Sweden constitute the other extreme with a smaller proportion of both home care services and eldercare for the dependant ageing within the sheltered housing. In the Nordic countries, the recurrent use of the architecture competition provides a window for understanding the evolution of appropriate space for the dependant during the 20th century. In this five country region, the architecture competition system is similar as to organisational form and use among commissioners. Duringthe assessment process, the most adequate architectural solution is promoted by use of five fundamental criteria: 1) ingenuity (the degree of  innovation of the submitted architectural design); 2) functionality and usability; 3) aesthetical, architectural and environmental qualities; 4) sustainable and technical performance; and 5) economical and long-term investments. Based on the Swedish example, the cyclic use of the competition on a national level during the 20th century has promoted various prototypes of appropriate architecture for the group of dependent and frail seniors. This process has been guided by a gradual definition of the concept of homelikeness that is related to political reforms of the social act in an inclusive direction. Based on architectural drawings from three Swedish competitions, this space has gone from being no more than the size of a single bed into becoming an individual flat of 30 to 40 m2. These flats have been organized in clusters with communal space for kitchening and socializing, a solution derived from the group living concept of the 1980s. The Nordic countries are preparing for the emerging ageing society. In Norway, new guidelines for the built environment have recently been published, while the Danish approach emphasizes the existential aspects of growing old. Sweden is searching for a renewal of housing for older people in general, both in ordinary housing and in residential care homes by use of the architecture competition. The architectural development describes the ideo-political process of emphasizing the individual’s universal right to a place called home even in a situation of an age-related dependency on societal assistance.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    "Touching up" Communal Space of a Residential home set-ting.: A Comparative Study of Tools for Assessing Changes in the Interior Architectural Space2011Ingår i: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 175-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the interior remodeling of two Swedish residential homes for dependent seniors. A regular maintenance operation was turned into a color intervention project, and the residents stayed during the process. The aim of the study was to assess the changes in terms of supportiveness for elderly individuals with cognitive or functional impairments. The settings were evaluated prior to and after remodeling. Architecture profession method and the Therapeutic Environment Screening Survey of Nursing Homes instrument were used. The conclusion is that a supportive architecture was not achieved, due to a restraining focus on color instead of the relation between aging, color, and homeliness. On the other hand, the architecture profession method and the Therapeutic Environment  Screening Survey of Nursing Homes instrument proved to be useful complementary tools for assessing interior changes in architectural space.

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