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  • 1.
    Bruno, Karl
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An Experiment in Ethiopia: The Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit and Swedish Development Aid to Haile Selassie’s Ethiopia, 1964–19742017In: Comparativ: Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, ISSN 0940-3566, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 54-74Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines a Swedish-led integrated rural development project, the Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit (CADU) in Ethiopia’s Arussi province. Designed by a group of experts from the Agricultural College of Sweden, CADU was the first significant Swedish attempt at transferring agronomical knowledge to the global South in the context of development aid. It intended to generate socio-economic development through a broad range of efforts, but with the core of the project being agricultural experimentation geared towards increasing small-farm production of cereal crops.

    A defining feature of CADU was that its development and technology transfer strategy came to be deeply connected to techno-scientific traditions at the Agricultural College. This meant that its strategies reflected a Swedish national style of agricultural development that was characterized by strong attention to local agricultural environments but a limited sensitivity toward social factors. The attention to the local contributed to making it one of the few really effective implementations of the Green Revolution technologies in Africa in its time, while the comparative lack of attention to social factors resulted in mixed peasant response and in social inequalities being exacerbated as an effect of the project’s activities. As a result of its focus on poor peasants in the increasingly tense environment of late-imperial Ethiopia, CADU also developed into a politically highly charged project and became an active party in the rural conflicts that preceded the revolution of 1974.

  • 2.
    Bruno, Karl
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Exporting Agrarian Expertise: Development Aid at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and Its Predecessors, 1950-20092017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Bruno, Karl
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    När näringslivet styrde diplomatins fokus2018In: UDkuriren, ISSN 0348-1719, no 4, p. 6p. 24-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Bruno, Karl
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Silvi-kulturella möten: Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet och högre skoglig utbildning i Etiopien 1986–20092017In: Nordic Journal of Educational History, ISSN 2001-7766, E-ISSN 2001-9076, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 29-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar Sveriges lantbruksuniversitets stöd till uppbyggandet av högre skoglig utbildning i Etiopien, som ägde rum mellan 1986 och 2009 inom ramen för det svensk-etiopiska utvecklingssamarbetet. Med utgångspunkt i ett växande utbildningshistoriskt intresse för gränsöverskridande möten analyseras hur svenska skogsexperter utformade utbildningar och undervisade i nya miljöer. Begreppet ”silvi-kultur” introduceras för att beskriva hur de spänningar som växte fram inom ramen för engagemanget både handlade om hur skogsutbildning bör gå till och om divergerande akademiska och sociala kulturer. Artikeln är strukturerad kring tre slags ”silvi-kulturella möten” som beskriver biståndsprojektets utveckling tematiskt och kronologiskt. Dessa möten används för att visa att skogen som en konkret, fysisk plats var av central betydelse för de svenska experterna, och för att visa hur de svenska insatserna formades av en förförståelse utvecklad inom ramen för en svensk silvi-kultur som bara delvis var kompatibel med förhållanden i Etiopien.

  • 5.
    Bruno, Karl
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The Government's Business?: Swedish Foreign Policy and Commercial Mineral Interests in Liberia, 1955–19802018In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 624-645Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The engagement of Swedish industry in the Liberian American–Swedish Minerals Company (LAMCO), which mined iron in Liberia between 1963 and 1989, was the largest Swedish commercial investment in Africa during the Cold War. In this paper I investigate how political and administrative actors of the Swedish government conceptualized the link between private and public interests in the context of LAMCO’s operations, and how this shaped Swedish government policy towards the company and Liberia. I identify two phases: a phase of almost unanimous political support for LAMCO and close Swedish–Liberian relations from ca. 1955 to 1965, and a more fragmented phase following 1965, during which LAMCO was increasingly understood as a political liability. My findings show how business interests could figure into Swedish foreign policy during the Cold War, highlighting the coherence with which Swedish industry and government acted in relation to the commercial interests in Liberia before ca. 1965, but also the lack of coherence – between government and industry as well as within the state apparatus – that followed the turn to a more activist policy after the mid-1960s.

  • 6.
    Bruno, Karl
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. 1985.
    The Technopolitics of Swedish Iron Mining in Cold War Liberia, 1950–19902019In: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research on Cold War resource politics has not focused significantly on the interests of smaller, non-colonial industrialized states. This paper examines the iron mining company LAMCO in Liberia, dominated strategically and operationally by Swedish actors and interests, between the mid-1950s and the late 1980s. It argues that the creation of LAMCO must be understood in the context of the early Cold War and its international politics, and that the enterprise's subsequent development was characterized by a specific technopolitical dynamic resulting from the encounter between the Liberian government's development strategy and the Swedish investors' need to mitigate political risks both in Liberia and at home. The findings help clarify the conditions under which actors from an ostensibly non-aligned and non-colonial country could gain access to minerals in Africa. They also contribute to our understanding of iron mining in Liberian political history, showing how LAMCO developed in close association with particular developmental policies in Liberia that sought to promote national development while simultaneously increasing the power of the Liberian presidency. Though it initially served this purpose successfully, its operations also generated a string of unexpected outcomes that eventually made the company a serious problem for the Liberian government.

  • 7.
    Bruno, Karl
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Larsen, Katarina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    van Leeuwen, Thed N.
    Knowledge production at industrial research institutes: Institutional logics and struggles for relevance in the Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry, 1980-20052017In: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 337-348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines dynamics of knowledge production and discourses of basic-applied science and relevance at the Swedish Institute for Surface Chemistry, a semi-public industrially oriented research institute, from 1980 to 2005. We employ a three-pronged method, consisting of (1) an analysis of how the institute articulated its research priorities and goals in publications primarily directed to stakeholders, (2) an analysis of retrospective narratives by researchers and managers about research ideologies and priorities, and (3) a bibliometric analysis of the institute's scientific publications. Using a theoretical framework centered on the notions of institutional logics and struggles for relevance, we show how the transformations of the institute amount to a substitution of an internalized institutional logic of scientific autonomy with a new logic of industrial utility, and how the institute's knowledge production was managed during this change. We also point out various strategies used by the institute to preserve and advance its own goals while still remaining relevant with regard to changing policy objectives. Another important finding is that although the institute by the end of the study period was fully committed to an industrial service role, parts of the originally deeply entrenched scientific logic were still manifested, although then discussed in the new industrial terminology.

  • 8.
    Larsen, Katarina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Bruno, Karl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Basic and applied research and modes of knowledge production: a study of the Swedish institute for surface chemistry 1975-20052011In: Proceedings, 16th Nordic Bibliometric Workshop 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Larsen, Katarina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Bruno, Karl
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Vetenskaplig publicering som strategi för industrisamarbete (Scientific publication as a strategy for collaboration with industry)2011In: Forskningspolitikk, ISSN 0333-0273, E-ISSN 0805-8210, no 4, p. 22-23Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapsproduktionen vid industriellt inriktade forskningsinstitut sker i samverkan med aktörer som universitet och företag. En studie av ett svensk institut, Ytkemiska institutet (YKI), visar hur forskningsinstitut i vår tid strategiskt utvecklar nya roller i ett föränderligt forskningslandskap. Publicering och samarbeten i projekt är ett av de strategiska redskapen för att höja synlighet och attraktivitet och för att positionera institutet bland kunder och hos finansiärer.

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