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  • 1.
    Dahlbäck, Björn
    et al.
    Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.
    Jagodziński, Kamil
    Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
    Kankaanpää, Paula
    Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.
    European Arctic Initiatives Compendium: Preparatory Action, Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment of development of the Arctic2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Eklund, Niklas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Refracting (geo)political choices in the Arctic2017In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geopolitics as a field was originally intended as a theoretical modelling of the relationship between fixed geographical circumstances and political choice. Now, the field is largely dominated by critical studies. It is almost considered axiomatic to include geopolitics as a theme in descriptive and analytical studies of the Arctic in global, regional, national and local contexts. This essay aims to review the core tenets of geopolitical thought and trace the categories and distinctions between the classical and critical approaches as applied in Arctic scholarship. It draws on highlights from the Arctic policy texts of three states demonstrating how assumptions and political options in terms of Arctic geographies can be expressed in different geopolitical frameworks. It is argued that revisiting and reviewing the core categories of geopolitics and their application in Arctic affairs can contribute to a better-informed understanding of how developments in the Arctic may unfold, as well as provide insights into the different functionalities of geopolitics.

  • 3.
    Goodsite, Michael Evan
    et al.
    Department of Technology and InnovationUniversity of Southern Denmark.
    Bertelsen, Rasmus Gjedssø
    Tromsø University.
    Cassotta Pertoldi-Bianchi, Sandra
    rctic Research CentreAarhus University.
    Ren, Jingzhen
    Department of Technology and InnovationUniversity of Southern Denmark.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Johansson, Halldor
    Arctic Portal.
    The role of science diplomacy: a historical development and international legal framework of arctic research stations under conditions of climate change, post-cold war geopolitics and globalization/power transition2015In: Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, ISSN 2190-6483, E-ISSN 2190-6491, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is undergoing transformation, where three important drivers are climate change, post-Cold War geopolitics and globalization/power transition from the rise of China. This transformation defines the nexus between science diplomacy, geopolitics, law and globalization under climate change, which is shaping the future of the Arctic and will bring considerable opportunity at national, regional and global levels. Research infrastructures (research stations both military and non-military, observation and monitoring networks) are opening access and data to new Arctic and non-Arctic players. Additional logistics hubs than those already existing are and should be established. Countries are sustaining and building new research as well as search and rescue bases/stations. Stations can be used as indicator of this transformation as well as their implications to improve cooperation, engage in multilateral rather than unilateral actions to protect the Arctic infrastructures and to improve military capabilities. These actions have started to attract also non-Arctic actors, such as China and the European Union (EU), which are developing new policies. Stations may not be developed and maintained only not only for the purpose of the scientific understanding of climatic and environmental impacts but also for function as entities that legitimize national or sovereign claims. At the nexus are the scientists that utilize the research bases and their international colleagues. Arctic/Northern bases are primarily military for historical reasons and for reasons of logistics and expertise, as historically indicated through the American presence in Alaska. This is not the same as saying that the bases are militarized—or part of some national militarization strategy in the Arctic. New steps to identify the role of stations at national, regional and global levels are needed. In this essay, we explore the implications and opportunities for these stations to act as pivots between scientific and geopolitical issues. We argue that where there is scientific collaboration, there is less risk of military conflict and that the Arctic is not “militarized” based on the international politics and science diplomacy of the Arctic.

  • 4.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Bay-Larsen, Ingrid
    Nordland Research Institute.
    Carlsen, Henrik
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Jylhä, Kirsti
    Finnish Meteorological Institute.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Umeå University.
    van Oort, Bob
    CICERO.
    Future narratives2017In: Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic: Perspectives from the Barents Area / [ed] AMAP, Oslo, Norway: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, 2017, p. 109-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Bay-Larsen, Ingrid
    Nordland Research Institute.
    Carlsen, Henrik
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    van Oort, Bob
    CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research.
    Bjørkan, Maiken
    Nordland Research Institute.
    Jylhä, Kirsti
    Finnish Meteorological Institute.
    Klyuchnikova, Elena
    Institute of Industrial Ecology Problems in the North, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Science.
    Masloboev, Vladimir
    Institute of Industrial Ecology Problems in the North, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Science.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Towards extended shared socioeconomic pathways: A combined participatory bottom-up and top-down methodology with results from the Barents region2017In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 45, p. 124-132Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Carlsen, Henrik
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Uncertain Futures: The Changing Global Context of the European Arctic. Report from a scenario workshop in Pajala, Sweden, 9-10 March 20152015Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology (name changed 20120201).
    Dodds, Klaus
    Royal Holloway University of London.
    Van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    'But Why Do You Go There?': Norway and South Africa in the Antarctic during the 1950s2013In: Science, geopolitics and culture in the polar region: Norden beyond borders / [ed] Sverker Sörlin, Farnham: Ashgate, 2013, p. 79-110Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Howkins, Adrian
    Van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University (Arcum).
    Antarctica: A Continent for the Humanities2016In: Antarctica and the Humanities, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 1-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marie
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An Environment Too Extreme? The Case of Bouvetøya2018In: Ice and Snow in the Cold War: Histories of Extreme Climatic Environments / [ed] Julia Herzberg, Christian Kehrt, and Franziska Torma, New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marie
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    An Environment Too Extreme? The Case of Bouvetøya2019In: Exploring Ice and Snow in the Cold War: Histories of Extreme Climatic Environments / [ed] Julia Herzberg, Christian Kehrt, Franziska Torma, Berghahn Books, 2019, p. 163-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Department for History of Science, Technology and Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    On past, present and future Arctic expeditions2015In: The New Arctic / [ed] Birgitta Evengård, Joan Nymand Larsen and Oyvind Paasche, Springer International Publishing , 2015, p. 57-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today the term “Arctic expedition” conjures up images of heroic men chasing knowledge, but also personal and national glory. Geographical goals such as the North Pole, the Northwest and Northeast Passages and the discovery of new lands became major cultural touchstones during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Individuals such as Sir John Franklin, Fridtjof Nansen, and Robert E. Peary became household names. Many smaller expeditions also ventured to the Arctic from Eurasia and North America. This chapter is about how large, publicity-friendly expeditions related to smaller, more prosaic ventures, and how the term expedition is used in the present to denote everything from seasonal fieldwork conducted by scientists to one-off feats of travel. We conclude with some reflections on how Arctic expeditions may look in the future – and how the term expedition continues to carry meaning in terms of culture and memory.

  • 12.
    Roberts, Peder
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    van der Watt, Lize-MariéPhilosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.Howkins, Adrian
    Antarctica and the Humanities2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The continent for science is also a continent for the humanities. Despite having no indigenous human population, Antarctica has been imagined in powerful, innovative, and sometimes disturbing ways that reflect politics and culture much further north. Antarctica has become an important source of data for natural scientists working to understand global climate change. As this book shows, the tools of literary studies, history, archaeology, and more, can likewise produce important insights into the nature of the modern world and humanity more broadly.

  • 13.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marie
    Mistra ArcticSustainable Development ; Arcum.
    Changing climate, changing weather: a factsheet on environmental change in the Barents Region2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    We know that the climate is changing, and that the trend is towards a warmer, wetter Fennoscandian Arctic. We also know that there are some uncertainties about how climate change will impact different aspects of our physical, socio-economicand spiritual environments. What we do know is that we need to plan for change,and for uncertainty.

  • 14.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marie
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    The emerging politics of Antarctica2013In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 474-476Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marie
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Roberts, Peder
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Voicing Bipolar Futures: The Antarctic Treaty System and Arctic Governance in Historical Perspective2018In: Competing Arctic Futures: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives / [ed] Nina Wormbs, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 139-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marie
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Swart, Sandra
    Falling off the Map: South Africa, Antarctica and Empire, c. 1919-592015In: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, ISSN 0308-6534, E-ISSN 1743-9329, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 267-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the first half of the twentieth century, despatches about the coldest corner of the British Empire were circulated to three, sometimes four, of its southern neighbours under the British crown: Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the Falklands. Of these four, South Africa seemed the least interested in Antarctica, despite the keen interest of some influential individuals and a strategy of bringing Antarctica into the imperial fold through British dominions that were proximate to Antarctica. In this context, we ask how South Africa viewed itself in relation to the Antarctic to the south and the British metropole to the north. We discuss the key activities that connected South Africa to Antarctica-whaling and weather forecasting. Moreover, we consider some of the enterprising plans for a South African National Antarctic expedition, and what these plans reveal of South Africa's perception of itself as a southern country. This article interlinks with a growing scholarship that is critical of treating Antarctic history as politically and culturally isolated, including showing how the relatively simple natural and political ecology of the Antarctic can throw into relief multiple national and international concerns.

  • 17.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, Arcum.
    Contemporary Environmental Politics and Discourse Analysis in Antarctica2017In: Handbook on the Politics of Antarctica / [ed] Klaus Dodds; Alan D. Hemmings and Peder Roberts, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, p. 584-597Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology.
    Return to Gondwanaland: South Africa, Antarctica, minerals and apartheid2013In: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 72-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1980s, the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) faced intense international scrutiny. A new power bloc of developing countries, utilising the language of colonialism and using the United Nations as one of their main platforms, called into question the legitimacy of the ATS. The developing countries’ lobby also challenged apartheid South Africa’s membership of the Antarctic Treaty. One of the main driving forces behind these tensions was widely acknowledged to be resources, living and mineral and the rights of access to them. The debate on mineral exploration and extraction culminated in the Convention on the Regulation of the Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (CRAMRA). Preparations started in the mid-1970s, CRAMRA was adopted in 1988 but it never went into force. This article investigates some of the historical complexities and contingencies involved in the CRAMRA process, using South Africa as a case study. It looks at how Gondwanaland–broadly conceived–surfaced in the debates in terms of geology as well as geopolitics. “Gondwanaland” highlighted the proximity of South Africa to Antarctica, and the shared geological formations between parts of southern Africa and Antarctica implied shared mineral potential. In South Africa, debates about Antarctic mineral resources and the Antarctic Treaty were invested with concerns about the apartheid state’s status as pariah state on the one hand, and its “first world”, anti-communist status on the other. Diplomats were anxious for South Africa to maintain its membership of the Treaty, one of the few multilateral bodies that still welcomed the country. In public, fears about a “third world grab” in the Antarctic resonated with the “total onslaught” rhetoric of the South African police state.

  • 19.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    'To kill the locusts, but not destroy the farmers': Officials, farmers and the plagues of Pharaoh, c. 1920-19352010In: South African Historical Journal, ISSN 0258-2473, E-ISSN 1726-1686, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 356-383, article id PII 924862977Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Of all the agricultural pests farmers in the Union of South Africa had to endure, few evoked such strong, visceral, and often highly personal debates within the Afrikaner farming community as locust plagues. As a contribution to the dialogue between historians who have explored science, farmers and state intervention in agriculture within the broader theme of agricultural pests, this article seeks to add to the socio-environmental history of Afrikaners within the context of the southern African environment. It discusses the explicitly scientific, entomological issues, including the knowledge exchange process, and then turns towards the political themes on macro as well as micro level. Finally, it examines the more ephemeral themes of religious and racial identity as highlighted by the locust infestations.

  • 20.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, Arcum.
    Nilsson, Lena Maria
    Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, Arcum.
    Hållbar utveckling i norra Sverige: Bundna mönster och historiska brytpunkter2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Arktiskt centrum vid Umeå universitet (Arcum).
    Riedel, Arne
    Dahlbäck, Björn
    Tedsen, Elizabeth
    Jagodziński, Kamil
    Kankaanpää, Paula
    European Arctic Initiatives: Capacities, Gaps and Future Opportunities2016In: The Changing Arctic and the European Union / [ed] Adam Stępień, Timo Koivurova and Paula Kankaanpää, Amsterdam: Brill Nijhoff, 2016, p. 243-295Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Roberts, Peder
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Voicing Bipolar Futures: The Antarctic Treaty System and Arctic Governance in Historical Perspective2018In: Competing Arctic Futures: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives / [ed] Nina Wormbs, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 139-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Antarctic Treaty of 1959 has long been held up as a model for enlightened governance of an international space. This chapter asks how and why the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) regularly has been presented as inspiration for potential future Arctic governance regimes during the past half-century. We examine how legal regimes are freighted with temporally specific values (including geopolitical assumptions); and how the outcomes deemed most valuable may be achieved without replication of the specific legal framework. We begin by tracing how the origins of the ATS have been systematically described as exceptional to rather than exemplary of late 1950s Cold War geopolitics. We then consider how and why particular actors invoked the ATS in discussions of multilateral Arctic governance through the 1970s and 1980s. Finally, we discuss how the ATS has been proposed as a solution during the most recent narrative of crisis in the Arctic.

  • 23.
    van der Watt, Lize-Marié
    et al.
    Arcum, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Swart, Sandra
    Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    The Whiteness of Antarctica: Race and South Africa's Antarctic History2016In: Antarctica and the Humanities / [ed] Peder Roberts, Lize-Marié van der Watt and Adrian Howkins, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 125-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter considers how Antarctica has been imagined as a white continent—in the sense of race as well as snow and ice. The prevalence of whiteness in descriptions of the continent not only reflects the appearance of its topography, but also the changing values associated with ‘whiteness’ as a racial trope. The chapter focuses on how apartheid South Africa constructed Antarctica as a white continent, particularly a white continent for men. It explores how apartheid South Africa’s involvement in the Antarctic and the experiences of white South African men in Antarctica could be seen as a distillation of mainland attitudes, stripped bare by the harsh and alienating Antarctic environment. The chapter concludes with reflections on the links between cultural, political, and aesthetic concepts of whiteness—and how a physical geographical characteristic can become loaded with additional layers of meaning.

1 - 23 of 23
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