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  • 1.
    Salomón Popa, Marianne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
    González, Miguel
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
    Leal, Ernesto
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
    Martin, Andrew
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
    Fransson, Torsten
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
    Energy Potential of Coconut and Palm Oil Residues2009In: 5th Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems / [ed] Prof. Zvonimir Guzović, Prof. Neven Duić, Marko Ban (FMENA, University of Zagreb), Dubrovnik: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agricultural residues continue to attract interest for energy recovery purposes as a renewable, CO2 neutral and increasingly cost competitive alternative to traditional fossil fuels. The possibility of trigeneration in already established industries such palm oil mills and coconut processing plants is very attractive especially when residues that otherwise represent a disposal problem can be utilized efficiently.

     

    The use of these residues in rural areas or in small islands could certainly represent an advantage as the use of expensive fossil fuels represents an additional burden to foster development. Different technical scenarios for the production of electricity, process heat and biodiesel are analyzed using these residues Environmental aspects are also included in this analysis.

     

    Studies were done considering certain scenarios to evaluate the feasibility of using these residues for energy purposes. Residues were considered to be combusted directly in boilers and steam turbines were used as prime movers to generate electricity. Biodiesel is produced by transesterification of palm oil/coconut oil. The required process heat for palm oil or coconut oil processing is supplied by the residues as well as the steam required for biodiesel production.  The advantage is that biodiesel is a more flexible and easy-to-distribute fuel that can be used for power generation or for transportation. The results shown that palm oil mills/coconut processing industries can be independent of fossil fuels.  Furthermore, they can contribute positively to the energy balance of the communities by helping reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and reducing at the same time greenhouse gas emissions.

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