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  • 1.
    Bradley, Karin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    From Eco-Modernizing to Political Ecologizing: Future Challenges for the Green Capital2013In: Sustainable Stockholm : Exploring Urban Sustainability in Europe's Greenest City / [ed] Metzger, J. & Rader Olsson, A., New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 168-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Engström, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Fredriksson, Charlotta
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    ÖP-RUP: från svag länk till plattform för utvecklingskraft2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige genomgår en samhällsutveckling som ställer nya krav på samhällets organisation och funktion. I takt med att arbetsmarknadsregionerna växer och människors vardagliga livsrum vidgas, ökar behovet av en samhällsplanering som hanterar dessa frågor i ett regionalt perspektiv. Kommunerna har traditionellt haft den centrala rollen i samhällsplaneringen med ansvar för bebyggelseutveckling, offentligt finansierade vård- och omsorgstjänster, skola. Med de uppgifter som lagts på regionala organ får frågor som daglig pendling, arbetsmarknadens utveckling, etc. däremot sin behandling där. En kostnadseffektiv och ur medborgarsynpunkt ändamålsenlig organisering av skattefinansierade uppgifter och en hållbar samhällsutveckling är därmed beroende av att de kommunala och regionala nivåerna kan samspela. I samtliga administrativa regioner finns idag regionala utvecklingsprogram (RUP). Och inom kommunerna har översiktsplanens (ÖP) strategiska roll för kommunens långsiktiga utvecklingsambitioner ökat. I PBL- respektive Ansvarsutredningen har betydelsen av en bättre funktionell planering lyfts fram. Erfarenheterna visar emellertid att samspelet mellan ÖP och RUP är relativt outvecklat. Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting (SKL) har därför beslutat uppdra åt Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH) att göra en kunskapsöversikt som visar hur samhällsplaneringen kan ta till vara på utvecklingsmöjligheterna. Arbetsgruppen har bestått av Carl-Johan Engström, Charlotta Fredriksson och Anna Hult. Gruppen står för studien och dess slutsatser. Arbetet har fokuserat på att lyfta fram goda exempel. Processer där man har lyckats skapa gemensam handlingskraft i samspel mellan kommun och region, och likaså intressanta specifika utvecklingsstrategier utifrån lokala och/eller regionala styrkor och svagheter. Med dessa exempel som utgångspunkt förs en diskussion mot bakgrund av andra dokumenterade erfarenheter och forskningsresultat som tillsammans kan ge underlag och idéer för att skapa en bättre dialog mellan kommun och region som grund för strategisk utveckling och för samspelet med staten kring infrastruktursatsningar och regional utvecklingsplanering. En tjänstemannagrupp inom Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting har följt arbetet med kunskapsöversikten. Kontaktperson har varit Carmita Lundin.

  • 3.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Swedish Production of Sustainable Urban Imaginaries in China2013In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 77-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden and the broader region of Scandinavia have been widely praised for their efforts to develop and promote models of sustainability for the rest of the world. Swedish international architecture and urban planning firms are driven by the advantage of being able to brand their projects as Sustainable and Scandinavian. In this sense, the sustainable city has become a Swedish service to export. In order to strengthen a coherent image of Swedish sustainable urban development, in, 2007, the Swedish Trade Council initiated a marketing platform for eco-profiled companies under the name of SymbioCity. This paper seeks to explore the production of imaginaries at play in the performance of SymbioCity. It especially addresses the way in which notions of progress and a better city life were presented to Chinese audiences in the Swedish pavilion at the World Expo in Shanghai in 2010. The Swedish pavilion is here regarded as a node in the export of a wider network of Swedish sustainable urban planning services. I argue that the imaginaries that Sweden produces through activities associated with the SymbioCity underlines a view that equates progress with the notion of decoupling of economic growth and CO2-emissions. In presenting an image of decoupling as a Swedish experience possible to transfer to China, it also establishes views of progress as linear and space as static. Using the term absent presence opens up a counter narrative, which turns decoupling as a Swedish experience into a myth and raises the need for urban imaginaries based on a relational view of space.

  • 4.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The circulation of Swedish urban sustainability practices: to China and back2015In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 537-553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the effects and underlying intentions of Swedish practices of exporting sustainable development models to Chinese ecocities. Under the 'bestpractice' banner, international architectural firms are often invited to masterplan ecocity developments. The 'sustainable city' has thus become an export commodity, supported by the Swedish government and seen as especially suited to the Chinese ecocity market. Two cases are examined, where Swedish architecture firms have been commissioned to masterplan Chinese ecocities: the Caofedian and Wuxi Eco-cities. In particular, I examine three kinds of 'effects': first, the planning discourse manifested in the planning documents; second, how these plans materialize on the ground; and, third, the effects of this exported planning practice on Swedish policy and practice at home. This paper advances our understanding of how transnational urban sustainability practices are constructed and circulated. It further adds to the field of planning mobilities by examining not only the discourse and diffusion of transnational master planning but also how the 'export' circulates and returns. I argue that the two intentional logics of exporting the Swedish 'sustainable city'-to shape a better world and to export clean-tech products-could both be seen as having failed in these two cases. Instead, the naming and branding of the ecocities seem to boost a certain repetitive problematic idea and practice of sustainable urban development. I argue that the Swedish exported practice strengthens and legitimizes a circulating narrative establishing a sustainable urban planning practice fostering a paradoxically generic image of upper-middle-class consumers as ecocity inhabitants in China as well as in Sweden.

  • 5.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Unpacking Swedish Sustainability: The promotion and circulation of sustainable urbanism2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been praised for its achievements, and promoted as a role model, in sustainable urban development. This thesis, comprising five separate articles and a cover essay, is a critical study of the Swedish urban sustainable imaginary. The first article examines how this imaginary is produced. Using an actor-network theory approach, I view the Swedish pavilion at the World Expo in Shanghai in 2010 as a node in a wider network, arguing that the notion of decoupling GDP growth from CO2 emissions constitutes a central storyline.

    The second and third papers study the circulation of this imaginary in practice, specifically examining two cases of exporting Swedish sustainable urban planning to Chinese eco-city projects. Few of these plans, I note, were materialised in built form; rather, they contributed to the circulation of a repetitive model of sustainable urbanism, reinforcing a paradoxical idea of urban sustainability as “green islands of privilege”.

    The storyline of decoupling – and the circulating business of sustainable urbanism into which it feeds – is based on a deficient territorial view of space. In this research, I advocate a political ecology perspective and relational view of space, wherein there are no such things as sustainable or unsustainable cities. Rather, planning should aim for more just socio-environmental relations within and across urban borders. The fourth and fifth papers address the wider question of how planning can foster more socio-environmentally just forms of urban sustainability. Here, I emphasise a consumption perspective on greenhouse gas emissions as an important counter-narrative and analyse two Swedish municipalities’ efforts to lessen citizens’ consumption through policy and planning practice.  

    This research highlights the need to continuously develop and contest imaginaries and planning practices of sustainability, of who is perceived as “sustainable” and what a socio-environmentally just perspective might mean in practice for policy makers and planners alike.

  • 6.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Unpacking the Swedish urban sustainable imaginary: At the world expo, Shanghai, China2016In: Actor Networks of Planning: Exploring the Influence of Actor Network Theory, Taylor & Francis, 2016, p. 111-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Hult, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Planning for Sharing: Providing Infrastructure for Citizens to be Makers and Sharers2017In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000X, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 597-615Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how local authorities can develop infrastructure for collaborative consumption, i.e. sharing amongst citizens of tools, spaces and practical skills.The City of Malmo, Sweden, is used as a case study to illustrate the work with such "sharing infrastructure". Existing planning research and planning practice for sustainability generally focus on facilitating citizens to live in a more eco-friendly way in terms of housing, modes of transport, waste flows and use of green space, but do not address citizens' consumption of other material goods. This paper points to a potential role for local public planning in relation to collaborative consumption through creating sharing infrastructure, i.e. providing access to shared tools and spaces for making and repairing, thus enabling citizens to act in the city not only as consumers, but also as makers and sharers.

  • 8.
    Hult, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning for sharing: Providing infrastructure for citizensto be makers and sharersArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how local authorities can develop infrastructure for collaborativeconsumption, i.e. sharing amongst citizens of tools, spaces and practical skills. The Cityof Malmö, Sweden, is used as a case study to illustrate the work with such sharinginfrastructure. Existing planning research and planning practice for sustainabilitygenerally focus on facilitating for citizens to live more eco-friendly in terms of housing,modes of transport, waste flows and use of green space, but generally do not addresscitizens’ consumption of other material goods. This paper points to a potential role forlocal public planning in relation to collaborative consumption through creating what wecall sharing infrastructure, i.e. providing access to shared tools and spaces for makingand repairing, thus enabling citizens to act in the city not only as consumers, but also asmakers and sharers.

  • 9.
    Hult, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Larsson, Jörgen
    Possibilities and problems with applying a consumption perspectivein local climate strategies: the case of Gothenburg, Sweden2016In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 134, p. 434-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been praised for its sustainability efforts and decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.When nations and urban districts publicize their low GHG emissions, these emissions are often based on aproduction perspective including only emissions occurring within their geographical boundary. If insteada consumption perspective is applied then all emissions attributable to the inhabitants con-sumptionpatterns, no matter where they occur, are included, e.g. from imported goods and air travel. This providesnew outlooks on sustainability, from this perspective Swedish emissions have increased rather thandecreased in the last decades. Swedish researchers and the Swedish Environmental Pro-tection Agencypropose that the production perspective should be complemented with a consumption perspective todescribe more fairly who is responsible for what emissions. The purpose of this paper is to examine how aconsumption perspective on GHG emissions has gained ground in Sweden, specifically in the newStrategic Climate Program of the City of Gothenburg, discussing what municipal strategies andenvironmental discourses this perspective enhances. Applying actorenetwork theory, we found threecommon features of importance for Sweden, and the City of Gothenburg, supporting the consumptionperspective to gain ground. One is the existence of long-term environmental goals that facilitate thisperspective. The other features are the existence of civil servants as drivers and the use of calculationsfrom legitimate “fact builders.” We conclude that a consumption perspective strengthens the environmentaljustice discourse (as it claims to be a more just way of calculating global and local environmentaleffects) while possibly also increasing an individualized environmental discourse (as many municipalstrategies aim to inform and influence the public to make lifestyle changes on their own). We argue that aconsumption perspective is necessary in order to fully address environmental problems and to high-lightissues of justice and responsibility. At the same time, this kind of eco-governmentality might lead toindividualized self-governed climate subjects with outlooks that are too limited to foster change ofdominant everyday practices.

  • 10.
    Hult, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Rapoport, Elizabeth
    University College London.
    The travelling business of sustainable urbanism: international consultants as norm-setters2017In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 49, no 8, p. 1779-1796Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the international travels of ideas about sustainable urban planning and design through a focus on private sector architecture, planning and engineering consultants. These consultants, who we refer to as the Global Intelligence Corps (GIC), package up their expertise in urban sustainability as a marketable commodity, and apply it on projects around the world. In doing so the GIC shape norms about what constitutes ‘good’ sustainable urban planning, and contribute to the development of an internationalised travelling model of sustainable urbanism. This paper draws on a broad study of the industry (GIC) in sustainable urban planning and design, and two in-depth case studies of Swedish GIC firms working on Chinese Eco-city projects. Analysis of this material illustrates how the GIC’s work shapes a traveling model of sustainable urbanism, and how this in turn creates and reinforces particular norms in urban planning practice.

  • 11.
    Rader Olsson, Amy
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH Centrum för hållbart samhällsbyggande.
    Stoltz, David
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
    Håkansson, Maria
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Hult, Anna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lundqvist, Per
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
    Ekener, Elisabeth
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Yin, Ying
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Industrial Ecology.
    Förstudie av det bilaterala svensk-kinesiska samarbetet kring ekostäder2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har under flera år haft ett samarbete med Kina angående utveckling av ekostäder. Ett flertal myndigheter, företag och forskare har medverkat i planeringen av två stadsutvecklingsprojekt i Kina – Tangshan Bay Eco-City och Wuxi Sino-Swedish Eco-City. Denna förstudie syftar till att skapa en ram för en eventuell utvärdering av samarbetet mellan svenska och kinesiska aktörer. Förstudien omfattar en inventering av tidigare forskning och andra relevanta rapporter, identifiering av nyckelaktörer och aktiviteter inom det svensk-kinesiska samarbetet samt intervjuer med representanter från medverkande företag och kontor. Resultatet av inventeringen och intervjuerna analyseras med hänsyn till befintlig forskning angående effektiva institutioner för planering och finansiering, tillämpning av innovativ energi-och miljöteknik, och planering som beaktar stadens metaboliska funktioner samt faktorer som påverkar socialt hållbarhet. Förstudien har genomförts av forskare vid KTH från institutionerna för Energiteknik, Samhällsplanering och miljö samt hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik under perioden oktober 2014-februari 2015.

1 - 11 of 11
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