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  • 1.
    Bakas, Panagiotis
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik. ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Harnefors, Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik. ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Norrga, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik.
    Nami, A.
    Ilves, K.
    Dijkhuizen, F.
    Nee, Hans-Peter
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik.
    Hybrid Topologies for Series and Shunt Compensation of the Line-Commutated Converter2016Ingår i: 8th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference - ECCE Asia, IPEMC 2016-ECCE Asia, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, s. 3030-3035, artikel-id 7512779Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents two concepts for enabling the operation of a line-commutated converter (LCC) at leading power angles. The concepts are based on voltage or current injection at the ac side of an LCC, which can be achieved in different ways. However, this paper focuses on the voltage and current injection by series-connected full-bridge cells that can generate voltages that approximate ideal sinusoids. Thus, hybrid configurations of an LCC connected at the ac side in series or in parallel with fullbridge cells are presented. Finally, these hybrid configurations are compared in terms of voltage and current rating.

  • 2.
    Bakas, Panagiotis
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik. ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Harnefors, Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik. ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Norrga, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik.
    Nami, Alireza
    ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Ilves, Kalle
    ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Dijkhuizen, Frans
    ABB Corporate Research, Sweden.
    Nee, Hans-Peter
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elkraftteknik.
    A Review of Hybrid Topologies Combining Line-Commutated and Cascaded Full-Bridge Converters2017Ingår i: IEEE transactions on power electronics, ISSN 0885-8993, E-ISSN 1941-0107, Vol. 32, nr 10, s. 7435-7448, artikel-id 7750589Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper presents a review of concepts for enabling the operation of a line-commutated converter (LCC) at leading power angles. These concepts rely on voltage or current injection at the ac or dc sides of the LCC, which can be achieved in different ways. We focus on the voltage and current injection by full-bridge (FB) arms, which can be connected either at the ac or dc sides of the LCC and can generate voltages that approximate ideal sinusoids. Hybrid configurations of an LCC connected at the ac side in series or in parallel with FB arms are presented. Moreover, a hybrid configuration of an LCC connected in parallel at the ac side and in series at the dc side with an FB modular multilevel converter (MMC) is outlined. The main contribution of this paper is an analysis and comparison of the mentioned hybrid configurations in terms of the capability to independently control the active (P) and reactive power (Q).

  • 3.
    Bakas, Panagiotis
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik. ABB Corp Res, Västerås, Sweden..
    Ilves, K.
    Harnefors, Lennart
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik. ABB Corp Res, Västerås, Sweden..
    Norrga, S.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Nee, H.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Hybrid Converter With Alternate Common Arm and Director Thyristors for High-Power Capability2018Ingår i: 2018 20th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE’18 ECCE Europe), 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the basic operating principles of a new hybrid converter that combines thyristors and full-bridge (FB) arms for achieving high active-power capability. This converter consists of a modular multilevel converter (MMC) equipped with additional common arms, which alternate between the upper and lower dc poles. This alternation is achieved by the thyristors that are utilized as director switches and allow the parallel connection of the common arms and the arms of the MMC. The main contributions of this paper are the analysis of the operating principles, the simulation verification of the functionality of the proposed converter, and the comparison of the latter with the full-bridge modular multilevel converter (FB-MMC).

  • 4.
    Bakas, Panagiotis
    et al.
    ABB Corporate Research, Sweden .
    Papastergiou, K.
    ABB Corporate Research, Sweden .
    Norrga, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Elektriska maskiner och effektelektronik (stängd 20110930).
    Solar PV array-inverter matching considering impact of environmental conditions2011Ingår i: Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2011, s. 001779-001784Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sizing of photovoltaic (PV) generators is an important issue which might affect the PV system overall yield and performance ratio. The procedure is realized according to inverter specifications with the most important one being the operating voltage range. The parameter that is affected by this specification is the number of PV modules per string and a software tool was developed in order to study the effects of this parameter on the system performance. Moreover, the PV generator voltage is highly affected by the ambient temperature of a specific location. Thus, the optimum number of PV modules per string will differ in locations with different environmental conditions. The importance of PV string sizing is high, since improper string length can lead to significant deficiencies on the overall inverter performance. A study of the effects of PV string size on annual system energy production and yield has been conducted for several locations in Europe with significantly different weather as well as for locations with extreme climatic conditions such as high altitude and desert areas.

  • 5.
    Bessegato, Luca
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Narula, Anant
    Bakas, Panagiotis
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Norrga, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Design of a Modular Multilevel Converter Prototype for Research Purposes2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As modular multilevel converters gradually become the preferred topology for many high-voltage andhigh-power applications, they are widely studied among researchers, who need experimental results tovalidate their studies. This paper discusses the design of a down-scaled modular multilevel converterprototype for research purposes, equipped with 30 full-bridge submodules and 10 kW rating. The designof this prototype is aimed at safety, flexibility, orderliness, and compactness. The challenges posed by theimplementation of the converter prototype are examined, discussing the design of the prototype structure,the communication scheme, the full-bridge submodules, and the control hierarchy. The control systemis based on Xilinx Zynq system-on-chip, which integrates programmable logic and processing system,allowing for extensive computational capability as well as simple reconfiguration. Experimental resultsshowing the prototype in operation at nominal ratings are presented along with the devised graphical userinterface.

  • 6.
    Heinig, Stefanie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Jacobs, Keijo
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Ilves, Kalle
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Bessegato, Luca
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Bakas, Panagiotis
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Norrga, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Nee, Hans-Peter
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Elkraftteknik.
    Implications of Capacitor Voltage Imbalance on the Operation of the Semi-Full-Bridge Submodule2019Ingår i: IEEE transactions on power electronics, ISSN 0885-8993, E-ISSN 1941-0107, Vol. 34, nr 10, s. 9520-9535, artikel-id 8598807Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Future meshed high-voltage direct current grids require modular multilevel converters with extended functionality. One of the most interesting new submodule topologies is the semi-full-bridge because it enables efficient handling of DC-side short circuits while having reduced power losses compared to an implementation with full-bridge submodules. However, the semi-full-bridge submodule requires the parallel connection of capacitors during normal operation which can cause a high redistribution current in case the voltages of the two submodule capacitors are not equal. The maximum voltage difference and resulting redistribution current have been studied analytically, by means of simulations and in a full-scale standalone submodule laboratory setup. The most critical parameter is the capacitance mismatch between the two capacitors. The experimental results from the full-scale prototype show that the redistribution current peaks at 500A if the voltage difference is 10V before paralleling and increases to 2500A if the difference is 40V. However, neglecting very unlikely cases, the maximum voltage difference predicted by simulations is not higher than 20-30V for the considered case. Among other measures, a balancing controller is proposed which reduces the voltage difference safely if a certain maximum value is surpassed. The operating principle of the controller is described in detail and verified experimentally on a down-scaled submodule within a modular multilevel converter prototype. It can be concluded that excessively high redistribution currents can be prevented. Consequently, they are no obstacle for using the semi-full-bridge submodule in future HVDC converters.

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