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  • 1.
    Tang, Hu
    et al.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience.
    Butchosa, Nuria
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Biocomposites.
    Zhou, Qi
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    A Transparent, Hazy, and Strong Macroscopic Ribbon of Oriented Cellulose Nanofibrils Bearing Poly(ethylene glycol)2015In: Advanced Materials, ISSN 0935-9648, E-ISSN 1521-4095, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 2070-2076Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A macroscopic ribbon of oriented cellulose nanofibrils bearing polyethylene glycol is fabricated by stretching the cellulose nanofibrils network structure in the hydrogel state. The covalently grafted polyethylene glycol on the nanofibril surface facilitates the alignment and compartmentalization of individual nanofibrils in the ribbon. The ribbon has ultrahigh tensile strength (576 +/- 54 MPa), modulus (32.3 +/- 5.7 GPa), high transparency, and haze.

  • 2. Trovatti, E.
    et al.
    Tang, Hu
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO).
    Hajian, Alireza
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Meng, Qijun
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO).
    Gandini, A.
    Berglund, Lars A.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Zhou, Qi
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Enhancing strength and toughness of cellulose nanofibril network structures with an adhesive peptide2018In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 181, p. 256-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanical properties of cellulose nanofibrils network structure are essential for their applications in functional materials. In this work, an adhesive peptide consisting of just 11 amino acid residues with a hydrophobic core sequence of FLIVI (F – phenylalanine, L – leucine, I – isoleucine, V – valine) flanked by three lysine (K) residues was adsorbed to 2,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy radical (TEMPO) oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TO-CNF). Composite films were prepared by solution casting from water suspensions of TO-CNF adsorbed with the adhesive peptide. The nanofibrils network structure of the composite was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The structure of the peptide in the composites and the interactions between TO-CNF and the peptide were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The mechanical properties of the composites were characterized by tensile tests and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). With 6.3 wt.% adhesive peptide adsorbed onto TO-CNF, the composite showed a modulus of 12.5 ± 1.4 GPa, a tensile strength of 344.5 ± (15.3) MPa, and a strain to failure of 7.8 ± 0.4%, which are 34.4%, 48.8%, and 23.8% higher than those for neat TO-CNF, respectively. This resulted in significantly improved toughness (work to fracture) for the composite, 77% higher than that for the neat TO-CNF.

  • 3.
    Yao, Kun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Huang, Shu
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO).
    Tang, Hu
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO).
    Xu, Y.
    Buntkowsky, G.
    Berglund, Lars A.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Zhou, Qi
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
    Bioinspired Interface Engineering for Moisture Resistance in Nacre-Mimetic Cellulose Nanofibrils/Clay Nanocomposites2017In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 9, no 23, p. 20169-20178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interfacial adhesion design between "mortar" and "bricks" is essential for mechanical and barrier performance of nanocellulose-based nacre-mimetic nanocomposites, especially at high moisture conditions. To address this fundamental challenge, dopamine (DA) has been conjugated to cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and subsequently assembled with montmorillonite (MTM) to generate layered nanocomposite films inspired by the strong adhesion of mussel adhesive proteins to inorganic surfaces under water. The selective formation of catechol/metal ion chelation and hydrogen bonding at the interface between MTM platelets and CNFs bearing DA renders transparent films with strong mechanical properties, particularly at high humidity and in wet state. Increasing the amount of conjugated DA on CNFs results in nanocomposites with increased tensile strength and modulus, up to 57.4 MPa and 1.1 GPa, respectively, after the films are swollen in water. The nanocomposites also show excellent gas barrier properties at high relative humidity (95%), complementing the multifunctional property profile.

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