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  • 1.
    Ahmad, Ashfaq
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Arshad, Farzana
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Naqvi, Syeda I.
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Turku, Dept Informat Technol, TUCS, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland..
    Design, Fabrication, and Measurements of Extended L-Shaped Multiband Antenna for Wireless Applications2018In: Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, ISSN 1054-4887, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 388-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article expounds a multi-band compact shaped antenna, which is based on CPW ground plane. FR-4 with a thickness of 1.6 mm is used as a substrate for the proposed antenna. The proposed antenna is capable of operating at 1.56 GHz for (Global Positioning System), 2.45 GHz (Wireless Local Area Network) and 4.49 GHz (Aeronautical Mobile Telemetry (AMT) fixed services). The efficiency at 1.56, 2.45, and 4.49 GHz is 79.7, 76.9 and 76.7%, respectively. The VSWR of the presented antenna is less than 1.5 at all the desired resonance modes, which confirms its good impedance matching. The performance of the proposed antenna is evaluated in terms of VSWR, return loss, radiation pattern and efficiency. CST (R) MWS (R) software is used for simulations. In order to validate the simulation results, a prototype of the designed antenna is fabricated and a good agreement is found between the simulated and measured results.

  • 2. Ali, Amjad
    et al.
    Jafri, Syeda I.
    Habib, Ayesha
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    RFID Humidity Sensor Tag for Low-cost Applications2017In: APPLIED COMPUTATIONAL ELECTROMAGNETICS SOCIETY JOURNAL, ISSN 1054-4887, Vol. 32, no 12, p. 1083-1088Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a low-cost, flexible, chipless Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag for humidity monitoring applications. The tag exhibits moisture sensing feature within a compact geometrical dimension of 20mm x 17.6mm. The design is loaded with 12 resonators, where each resonator represents 1 bit in the frequency domain. For the designed 12-bit tag, 11 inverted C-shaped resonators are dedicated for encoding 11-bit information in their spectral signature. An integrated meandered-shaped resonator, covered with moisture sensitive Kapton (R) HN film, functions as a 1-bit moisture sensor. It is deployed for monitoring relative humidity (RH) levels, simultaneously. The passive RFID tag is realized on Taconic TLX-0 and has an operational bandwidth of 2.62 GHz. Furthermore, the design is modeled and analyzed for multiple substrates. The performance of the sensor tag for various humidity levels indicates that it is a potential solution for inexpensive sensing applications.

  • 3.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Printable Green RFID Antennas for Embedded Sensors2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent years, radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology has been widely integrated into modern society applications, ranging from barcode successor to retail supply chain, remote monitoring, detection and healthcare, for instance. In general, an RFID tag or transponder is composed of an antenna and an application-specific integrated circuit chip. In a passive UHF RFID system (which is the focus of presented research), the communication between the transponder tag and the reader is established by modulating the radar cross section (RCS) of the transponder tag. The need for flexible RFID tags has recently been increased enormously; particularly the RFID tags for the UHF band ensure the widest use but in the meantime face considerable challenges of cost, reliability and environmental friendliness.

    The multidimensional focus of the aforementioned research encompasses the production of low-cost and reliable RFID tags. The state-of-the-art fabrication methods and materials for proposed antennas are evaluated in order to surmount the hurdles for realization of flexible green electronics. Moreover, this work addresses the new rising issues interrelated to the field of economic and eco-friendly tags comprising of paper substrate. Paper substrates offer numerous advantages for manufacturing RFID tags, not only is paper extensively available, and inexpensive; it is lightweight, recyclable and can be rolled or folded into 3D configurations.

    The most important aspect of an RFID system's performance is the reading range. In this research several pivotal challenges for item-level tagging, are resolved by evolving novel structures of progressive meander line, quadrate bowtie and rounded corner bowtie antennas in order to maximize the reading distance with a prior selected microchip under the various constraints (such as limited antenna size, specific antenna impedance, radiation pattern requirements). This approach is rigorously evolved for the realization of innovative RFID tag antenna which has incorporated humidity sensor functionality along with calibration mechanism due to distinctiveness of its structural behavior which will be an optimal choice for future ubiquitous wireless sensor network (WSN) modules.

    The RFID market has grown in a two-dimensional trend, one side constitutes standalone RFID systems. On the other side, more ultramodern approach is paving its way, in which RFID needs to be integrated with broad operational array of distinct applications for performing different functions including sensors, navigation, broadcasting, and personal communication, to mention a few. Using different antennas to include all communication bands is a straightforward approach, but at the same time, it leads to increase cost, weight, more surface area for installation, and above all electromagnetic compatibility issues. The indicated predicament is solved by realization of proposed single wideband planar spirals and sinuous antennas which covers several bands from 0.8-3.0GHz. These antennas exhibit exceptional performance throughout the operational range of significance, thus paving the way for developing eco-friendly multi-module RF industrial solutions.

  • 4.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Design and Analysis of Efficient and Compact Antenna for Paper Based UHF RFID Tags2008In: ISAPE 2008: THE 8TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ANTENNAS, PROPAGATION AND EM THEORY, PROCEEDINGS, VOLS 1-3 / [ed] Su D; Yan Z, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2008, p. 62-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper substrate is one of the paramount nominees for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags but at the same time it is extremely prone towards environmental changes. In this paper, antennas for UHF RFID tags on paper based substrate are investigated and analyzed for the first time to evaluate the effect of change in dielectric constant on the antenna parameters and performance. On the basis of analysis a concrete meander line antenna is proposed, designed and evaluated which has tremendous immunity towards variation in dielectric constant.

  • 5.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Evolutionary Versatile Printable RFID Antennas For "Green" Electronics2012In: Journal Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, ISSN 0920-5071, E-ISSN 1569-3937, Vol. 26, no 2-3, p. 264-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of low cost directly printable RFID tag antennas is essential for item level tracking. We present evolutionary design approach to achieve robust extremely versatile RFID antennas on paper/flexible substrates which allow a simple integration directly on, e.g., paperboard in a roll-to-roll production line. Fully integrated printed tags for "green" electronics are designed for operability in frequencies 866-868 MHz & 902-928 MHz. We present benchmarking results for various challenges of antennas in terms of ruggedness, reliability and flexing performance.

  • 6.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Performance-Optimized Quadrate Bowtie RFID Antennas For Cost-Effective and Eco-Friendly Industrial Applications2012In: Progress in Electromagnetics Research-PIER, ISSN 1559-8985, Vol. 126, p. 49-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fully integrated printed RFID antennas show potential solution for item level labeling applications. In order to accommodate the antenna during the package printing process, it is vastly preferred that antenna structures are printed on paper substrates. However, the electromagnetic properties and thickness of paper substrates are susceptible to change due to various environmental effects. Thus, adequately consistent in performance and material insensitive printed Quadrate Bowtie RFID antennas are proposed. This paper presents an in-depth efficient optimization for high performance tag antenna designs for operability in frequencies 866-868MHz & 902-928MHz. It is demonstrated that the proposed antennas can tolerate a considerable variation in the permittivity on thin paper substrates, and present benchmarking results when n across metal and water containing objects.

  • 7.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Design and Fabrication of Wideband Archimedean Spiral Antenna Based Ultra-Low Cost "Green" Modules for RFID Sensing and Wireless Applications2012In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research-PIER, ISSN 1559-8985, Vol. 130, p. 241-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A parametric analysis is performed for a wideband Archimedean spiral antenna in recognition of an emerging concept to integrate RFID along with several applications by using a single antenna. The antenna is fabricated using state-of-the-art inkjet printing technology on various commercially available paper substrates to provide the low-cost, flexible RF modules for the next generation of "green" electronics. The effects on electromagnetic characteristics of the planar Archimedean spiral antenna, due to the use of paper are investigated besides other parameters. The proposed antenna is evaluated and optimized for operational range from 0.8-3.0GHz. It exhibits exceptional coverage throughout numerous RFID ISM bands so do for other wireless applications.

  • 8.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Development and Analysis of Flexible UHF RFID Antennas For "Green" Electronics2012In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research-PIER, ISSN 1070-4698, Vol. 130, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, novel Bowtie antennas which cover complete UHF RFID band (860-960MHz), fabricated on various ultra-low-cost substrates using state-of-the-art printing technologies are investigated as an approach that aims to accommodate the antenna during the package printing process whilst faster production on commercially available paper. The proposed antenna structures are evaluated in reference to circuit and field concepts, to exhibit extreme degree of functional versatility. These antennas are developed to cater the variations which appear in electromagnetic properties and thickness of paper substrate due to various environmental effects. Computed (simulated) and well-agreed measurement results confirm a superior performance of the tag modules while stepping towards next generation of "green" tags.

  • 9.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    "Green" Wideband Log-Spiral Antenna for RFID Sensing and Wireless Applications2012In: Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, ISSN 0920-5071, Vol. 26, no 14-15, p. 2043-2050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The novel idea of integrating RFID with sensors along with other wireless applications by using single tag antenna is implemented, by fabricating proposed antenna using state-of-the-art inkjet printing technology on commercially available paper substrates. For the first time, a parametric analysis is performed for realization of planar log-spiral antenna on paper for operational range from 0.8-3.0GHz, which also exhibits excellent coverage throughout numerous RFID ISM bands, and for other wireless applications. The ANSYS HFSS tool is used to design and predict the performance of the proposed antenna in terms of radiation pattern and input impedance.

  • 10.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Two-arm Sinuous Antenna for RFID Ubiquitous Sensors and Wireless Applications2012In: Journal Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, ISSN 0920-5071, E-ISSN 1569-3937, Vol. 26, no 17-18, p. 2365-2371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time, two-arm planar sinuous antenna is demonstrated to realize the emerging concept of integrating RFID functionalities along with sensors and other wireless applications for "green" electronics. In-depth, parametric analysis is performed for the proposed antenna which is fabricated on a paper substrate using revolutionary inkjet printing technology to develop a system-level solution for ultra-low-cost mass production of multipurpose wireless tags in an approach that could be easily expanded to other microwave and wireless "cognition" applications. The proposed antenna exhibits excellent performance throughout several RFID ISM bands and for other wireless applications in its operational range from 0.8 to 3.0 GHz.

  • 11.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Feng, Yi
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    RFID antenna humidity sensor co-design for USN applications2013In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 20130003-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate for the first time an RFID tag antenna which itself is humidity sensor and also provides calibration functionality. The antenna is comprised of T-matching network and horizontally meandered lines for impedance matching and reliable near-field communication. The novel contour design provides humidity sensing, and calibration functions whilst concurrently acts as a radiating element along with quadrangular capacitive tip-loading with covered middle portion for far-field communication. The inkjet printed prototypes of the antenna provide effective ambient humidity sensing while demonstrating stable RFID communication. The antenna has a compact size of 1.1 x 10.2 cm for 902-928MHz band.

  • 12.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Robust Flexible High Performance UHF RFID Tag Antenna2009In: 2009 11TH ELECTRONICS PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE (EPTC 2009), NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, p. 235-239Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a novel Flexo, Screen and Inkjet printed rounded edges bowtie antenna with T-matching stubs on paper, Kapton (HN) and Teonex Q51 substrate. Paper is one of the paramount nominees for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, for the reason that it is one of the widely and the cheapest available substrates. Kapton (HN) and Teonex Q51 are distinguished for their flexibility and reliability. The antenna exhibits compact size with outstanding read range of 4 meters and complete coverage of UHF RFID band (860-960 MHz). The results show extreme immunity of versatile antenna against harsh environments. These antennas are flexible which give autonomy for their applications.

  • 13.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Design of Novel Paper-based Inkjet Printed Rounded Corner Bowtie Antenna for RFID Applications2010In: Sensors & Transducers Journal, ISSN 2306-8515, E-ISSN 1726-5479, Vol. 115, no 4, p. 160-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel inkjet printed rounded corner bowtie antenna with T-matching stubs on paper substrate which is the cheapest and widest available substrate. The antenna exhibits compact size with outstanding read range and complete coverage of UHF RFID band (860-960 MHz). The results show extreme immunity of proposed antenna against paper dielectric constant variation.

  • 14.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Kanth, R. K.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Akram, A.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Printable RFID antenna with embedded sensor and calibration functions2013In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 12-15, 2013, Electromagnetics Academy , 2013, p. 567-570Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An RFID antenna with integrated humidity sensor and calibration functionality for wireless sensor network is proposed. The antenna is composed of series and shunt stubs for impedance matching and reliability for near-field communication. The innovative ladder contour structure plays the key role for humidity sensing, and sensor calibration. The quadrangular end-tip loading is employed to offer capacitance and stability for far-field communication. The prototypes of the antenna are fabricated and tested: antenna effectively senses the ambient humidity levels while demonstrating stable behavior for RFID communication. The antenna has a compact size of 1 × 10cm for 902-928 MHz RFID band.

  • 15.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Kanth, Rajeev Kumar
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Green wideband RFID tag antenna for supply chain applications2012In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 9, no 24, p. 1861-1866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we demonstrate an RFID tag antenna manufactured by advanced inkjet printing technology on paper substrate using novel hole-matching technique for reducing the consumption of substrate material and conductive ink while attaining green RFID tags. In-depth electromagnetic analysis is performed methodologically for optimizing the parameters that effectuate the antenna dimensions. The antenna design is optimized for consistent wideband performance and extended read range throughout the complete UHF RFID band (860-960MHz), while exhibiting benchmarking results when n across cardboard cartons filled with metal or water containing objects.

  • 16.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Kumar Kanth, Rajeev
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Performance-optimized Printed Wideband RFID Antenna and Environmental Impact AnalysisIn: ETRI Journal, ISSN 1225-6463, E-ISSN 2233-7326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents performance optimized RFID tag antenna, developed by using commercially accessible paper substrates and advanced inkjet printing process to guarantee mechanical flexibility and ultra-low production costs. The proposed antenna structure can endure the variations which emerge in electromagnetic properties of paper substrate due to varying environmental effects. Hole-matching technique is implemented to eliminate the matching network for reducing the consumption of conductive ink. The proposed structure is uniquely evaluated by demonstrating, sustainability and environmental impact analysis that validate the potential for ultra-low cost mass production of RFID tags for future generation of organic electronics. The antenna performance is assessed for cardboard cartons exclusively containing metal cans and water bottles. The experimental characterization of the proposed antenna endorses the wider bandwidth to cover UHF RFID ISM band (860-960MHz), which empowers its usage throughout the globe for supply chain applications. The improved design effectuates return loss of better than -15dB over a wide frequency range while exhibiting outstanding readability from 10.1 meters.

  • 17.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Low Cost Paper Based Bowtie Tag Antenna for High Performance UHF RFID Applications2009In: NANOTECH CONFERENCE & EXPO 2009, VOL 1, TECHNICAL PROCEEDINGS - NANOTECHNOLOGY 2009: FABRICATION, PARTICLES, CHARACTERIZATION, MEMS, ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS / [ed] Laudon M; Romanowicz B, BOCA RATON: CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP , 2009, p. 538-541Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Radio frequency identification (RFID) antenna's versatility in terms of complete coverage of UHF RFID band (860-960 MHz), while keeping the cost factor low, is an important aspect of today's growing demand for security and tracking of multiple objects in a very short time in addition to tag's readability across the globe. This paper presents a novel inkjet printed rounded corner bowtie antenna with T-matching stubs on paper substrate which is the cheapest and widest available substrate. The antenna exhibits compact size with outstanding read range.

  • 18.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Inkjet Printed Paper Based Quadrate Bowtie Antennas For UHF RFID Tags2009In: 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY, VOLS I-III, PROCEEDINGS, - UBIQUITOUS ICT CONVERGENCE MAKES LIFE BETTER!, TAEJON: ELECTRONICS TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH INST , 2009, p. 109-112Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper substrate is one of the paramount nominees for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, for the reason that it is one of the widely and the cheapest available substrates. In this paper, for the first time quadrate bowtie antennas with round corners [1] are realized and analyzed on paper substrate for UHF RFID tags. These inkjet printed antennas exhibit high performance which give freedom for their applications. Their area is smaller than the general triangle bowtie antenna and have advantages of smaller area, better return loss in high frequency and higher gain in normal direction of antenna plane compared with general triangular bowtie antenna.d

  • 19.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Electromagnetic Analysis of Radio Frequency Identification Antennas for Green Electronics2013In: Electromagnetics, ISSN 0272-6343, E-ISSN 1532-527X, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 319-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates in-depth electromagnetic analysis of a radio frequency identification tag antenna manufactured by inkjet printing technology on different paper substrates to achieve ultra-low cost flexible radio frequency identification tags using a novel hole-matching technique for reducing the consumption of substrate material, and conductive ink. Nevertheless, the electromagnetic properties of the paper substrate are vulnerable to various environmental effects. Thus, the proposed antenna design is optimized for consistent wideband performance throughout the complete UHF radio frequency identification band (860960 MHz) while presenting a greater degree of material insensitivity. An advanced antenna design methodological analysis is performed to accomplish an extended read range, while exhibiting benchmarking results when across cardboard cartons filled with metal or water containing objects.

  • 20.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Design and Characterization of Efficient Flexible UHF RFID Tag Antennas2009In: 2009 3RD EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, p. 2682-2684Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper meander line antennas with end tip loading, designed for UHF RFID tags are presented. These novel antennas are screen printed on Kapton HN for European frequency band (866-868 MHz) and for North American frequency band (902-928 MHz). Asahi ink is used for screen printing of 25 mu m thick antenna traces which remains conductive even after several times sharp bending of these tag antennas. The results show that the antennas exhibit high performance regarding smaller area, high realized gain and better return loss in the frequency band of interest. These antennas are extremely flexible which give autonomy for their applications.

  • 21.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu A.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Blueprint and integration of vastly efficient 802.11A WLAN front-end2006In: WSEAS Transactions on Electronics, ISSN 1109-9445, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 258-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Next generation wireless communications terminals will demand the use of advanced component integration processes and high density packaging technologies in order to reduce size and to increase performance. This paper presents high density multilayer interconnects and integrated passives used to design high performance prototype filter for 5GHz wireless LAN receiver realized on MCM-D substrate. The thin film implementation of Multichip Module technology is identified as a useful platform for the integration of GaAs MMIC and silicon device technologies for microwave applications where performance, size and weight are critical factors. The ability of the MCM-D technology to provide controlled impedance, microstrip structures and integrated thin film passive components with useful performance in the microwave frequency regime has now been demonstrated.

  • 22.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Jamal, Habibullah
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Duo, Xinzhong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Chip-package codesign of receiver front end modules for RF/wireless applications2005In: 2005 IEEE/ACES International Conference on Wireless Communications and Applied Computational Electromagnetics, New York: IEEE , 2005, p. 767-770Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT. Computer Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology Taxila, Pakistan .
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Duo, Xinzhong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    SoP design on liquid crystal polymer substrate for 5 GHz RF receiver front-end module2005In: International Microelectronics and Packaging Society - 1st International Conference and Exhibition on Device Packaging 2005: Everything in Electronics Between the Chip and the System, 2005, p. 236-240Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Next generation wireless communications terminals will demand the use of advanced component integration processes and high density packaging technologies in order to reduce size and to increase performance. This paper presents highdensity multilayer interconnects and integrated passives used to design high performance prototype filter for 5GHz wireless LAN receiver realized on liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate. The thin film implementation of Multichip Module technology is identified as a useful platform for the integration of GaAs MMIC and silicon device technologies for microwave applications where performance, size and weight are critical factors. The ability of the MCM-D technology to provide controlled impedance, microstrip structures and integrated thin film passive components with useful performance in the microwave frequency regime has now been demonstrated.

  • 24. Anam, Hafsa
    et al.
    Habib, Ayesha
    Jafri, Syeda Irum
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Directly Printable Frequency Signatured Chipless RFID Tag for IoT Applications2017In: Radioengineering, ISSN 1210-2512, E-ISSN 1805-9600, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 139-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a low-cost, compact, flexible passive chipless RFID tag that has been designed and analyzed. The tag is a bowtie-shaped resonator based structure with 36 slots; where each patch is loaded with 18 slots. The tag is set in a way that each slot in a patch corresponds to a metal gap in the other patch. Hence there is no mutual interference, and high data capacity of 36 bits is achieved in such compact size. Each slot corresponds to a resonance frequency in the RCS curve, and each resonance corresponds to a bit. The tag has been realized for Taconic TLX-0, PET, and Kapton (R) HN (DuPont (TM)) substrates with copper, aluminum, and silver nanoparticlebased ink (Cabot CCI-300) as conducting materials. The tag exhibits flexibility and well optimized while remaining in a compact size. The proposed tag yields 36 bits in a tag dimension of 24.5. 25.5 mm(2). These 36 bits can tag 2(36) number of objects/items. The ultimate high capacity, compact size, flexible passive chipless RFID tag can be arrayed in various industrial and IoT-based applications.

  • 25. Aslam, B.
    et al.
    Khan, U. H.
    Azam, M. A.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Loo, J.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Miniaturized decoupled slotted patch RFID tag antennas for wearable health care2017In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 27, no 1, article id e21048Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a couple of two-layered RFID tag antenna designs exhibiting improved performance descriptors for on-body applications are presented. The antennas are designed to operate in the microwave band (2.4–2.48 GHz) ensuring high data transmission rates ideal for real-time subject monitoring applications. The radiating element of both the antennas is a slotted patch structure provisioned with a pair of T-shaped slots realized on a commercial FR4 substrate. The augmentation of a systematic sequence of narrow comb-like etchings into the design enhances the impedance bandwidth considerably. A high permittivity silicon layer embedded with the radiating patch provides resilience from the human body dielectric losses. A modified antenna design utilizing patch miniaturization technique, resulting in an overall footprint reduction by 32%, is also proposed. The designed tag antennas offer a gain of more than 1.8 dBi and an attractive read range greater than 6.8 m in the operating band.

  • 26.
    Aslam, Bilal
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Azam, Muhammad A.
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics. Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Loo, Jonathan
    Middlesex Univ, Sch Engn & Informat Sci, Dept Comp Sci, London, England..
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits.
    A high capacity tunable retransmission type frequency coded chipless radio frequency identification system2019In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 29, no 9, article id e21855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a 12-bit frequency coded chipless RFID system in the frequency range of 3 to 6 GHz. The system consists of a fully printable chipless tag and a pair of high-gain reader antennas. The tag also incorporates its own antennas to improve the read range. Information is encoded into frequency spectrum using a multi-resonant circuit. The circuit consists of multiple microstrip U and L-shaped open stub resonators patterned in a unique configuration. The proposed configuration aids in capturing more data in a reduced space as well as tunable frequency operation. Tag and reader antennas utilize techniques such as stepped impedance feeding line, defective partial ground plane, and stair-step patch structure to achieve wide-band impedance bandwidth in miniature size. The results of the wireless measurements in the non-anechoic environment show that the proposed system has a reading range of more than 20 cm. The presented system possesses great potential for low-cost short-range inventory tracking.

  • 27.
    Aslam, Bilal
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Kashif, Muhammad
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan.;Beijing Univ Aeronaut & Astronaut, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Azam, Muhammad Awais
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics. Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan.
    Loo, Jonathan
    Univ West London, Sch Comp & Commun Engn, Dept Comp Sci, London, England..
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics. Univ Turku, Dept Informat Technol, TUCS, Turku, Finland..
    A low profile miniature RFID tag antenna dedicated to IoT applications2019In: Electromagnetics, ISSN 0272-6343, E-ISSN 1532-527X, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 393-406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    RFID tag antennas with stable performance on the diverse electromagnetic mounting platforms are an integral part of the ubiquitous RFID systems. This research article presents a novel tag antenna design that facilitates the said objective. The proposed antenna consists of a modified H-shaped slot structure that ensures considerable robustness from the application environment through confining the surface current density within the antenna structure. The antenna offers a tunable bandwidth of 40 MHz within the microwave band of (2.4-2.5) GHz. The proposed tag antenna exhibits excellent response on metallic platforms of different sizes and thicknesses with an effective gain of almost four times of that in free space. Furthermore, the designed tag antenna performs adequately well on low-medium permittivity dielectrics (glass, paper, and plastic) and RF absorbers (water). The free space and on-metal performance of the proposed tag antenna are verified by testing a prototype realized on the FR4 substrate.

  • 28. Aslam, Bilal
    et al.
    Khan, Umar Hasan
    Azam, Muhammad Awais
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics. Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Loo, Jonathan
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Turku, Finland.
    A compact implantable RFID tag antenna dedicated to wireless health care2017In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 27, no 5, article id e21094Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implantable tag antennas are an integral component of contemporary pervasive patient monitoring setups envisioned to reduce the medical errors and improve the quality of health care facilities. These tags, embedded into the human body, transmit critical patient information to the external equipment via a wireless communication link. This research article presents an implantable compact folded dipole antenna of size 10 mm 3 15 mm 3 2 mm, designed to operate in the industrial-scientificmedical band (2.4-2.48GHz). A three-layered phantom representing the human arm is used to evaluate the subcutaneous antenna performance. The tag antenna embedded in the middle of the fat layer offers a maximum gain of 216.3 dBi. The tag antenna performance as a function of implant position and phantom dimensions is analyzed. Link budget calculations show that with the achieved antenna gain the link power exceeds the required power by 38.37 dBm, and hence wireless communication is viable.

  • 29. Aslam, Bilal
    et al.
    Khan, Umar Hasan
    Habib, Ayesha
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Frequency signature chipless RFID tag with enhanced data capacity2015In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 12, no 17, article id 20150623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Frequency signature chipless RFID tag based on spurline resonator is presented in this letter. Resonant response of spurline is explained by analyzing the surface current distribution. Chipless tag consists of a data encoding circuit and two cross polarised monopole antennas. The tag has a data capacity of 16 bits in the range 2.13 to 4.1 GHz. Data capacity of data encoding circuit is enhanced by repositioning the spurlines. The prototype of the tag is fabricated on FR4 substrate. Developed tag can be used for cost effective identification of items in the industry.

  • 30. Habib, A.
    et al.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Pakistan.
    Azam, M. A.
    Loo, J.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Frequency signatured directly printable humidity sensing tag using organic electronics2017In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 14, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper chipless RFID tag, capable of carrying 9-bit data is presented. The tag is optimized for several flexible substrates. With growing information and communication technology, sensor integration with data transmission has gained significant attention. Therefore, the tag with the same dimension is then optimized using paper substrate. For different values of permittivity, the relative humidity is observed. Hence, besides carrying information bits, the tag is capable of monitoring and sensing the humidity. The overall dimension of the tag comprising of 9 ring slot resonators is 7 mm. Due to its optimization on the paper substrate, the tag can be an ideal choice for deploying in various low-cost sensing applications.

  • 31. Habib, A.
    et al.
    Asif, R.
    Fawwad, M.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan.
    Loo, J.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Directly printable compact chipless RFID tag for humidity sensing2017In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 14, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this letter, 8-bit paper based printable chipless tag is presented. The tag not only justifies the green electronic concept but also it is examined for sensing functionality. The compact tag structure comprises of seven L-shaped and one I-shaped dipole structure. These conducting tracks/dipole structures are of silver nano-particle based ink having a conductivity of 1.1 × 107 S/m. Each conducting track yields one bit corresponding to one peak. The tag design is optimized and analyzed for three different flexible substrates i.e. paper, Kapton® HN, and PET. The tag has ability to identify 28 = 256 objects, by using different binary combinations. The variation in length of particular conducting strip results in a shift of peak for that specific conducting track. This shift corresponds to logic state-1. The response of the tag for paper, Kapton® HN, and PET substrates is observed in the frequency band of 2.2-6.1 GHz, 2.4-6.3 GHz, and 2.5-6.5 GHz, respectively. The tag has an attractive nature because of its easy printability and usage of low-cost, flexible substrates. The tag can be deployed in various low-cost sensing applications.

  • 32. Habib, Ayesha
    et al.
    Ansar, Sohaira
    Akram, Adeel
    Azam, Muhammad Awais
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. University of Turku, Finland.
    Directly Printable Organic ASK Based Chipless RFID Tag for IoT Applications2017In: Radioengineering, ISSN 1210-2512, E-ISSN 1805-9600, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 453-460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A chipless RFID tag with unique ASK encoding technique is presented in this paper. The coding efficiency is enhanced regarding tag capacity. The amplitude variations of the backscattered RFID signal is used for encoding data instead of OOK Strips of different widths are used to have amplitude variations. The ASK technique is applied using three different substrates of Kapton (R) HN, PET, and paper. To incorporate ASK technique, dual polarized rhombic shaped resonators are designed. These tags operate in the frequency range of 3.1-10.6 GHz with size of 70 x 42 mm(2). The presented tags are flexible and offer easy printability. The paper-based decomposable organic tag appears as an ultra low-cost solution for wide scale tracking. This feature enables them to secure a prominent position in the emerging fields of IoT and green electronics.

  • 33.
    Jabeen, Iqra
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Ejaz, Asma
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Akram, Adeel
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Embedded systems, Integrated devices and circuits. Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan.;Royal Inst Technol KTH, Dept Elect Syst, iPack Vinn Excellence Ctr, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Loo, Jonathan
    Middlesex Univ, Sch Engn & Informat Sci, Dept Comp Sci, London, England..
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Embedded systems, Integrated devices and circuits. Univ Turku, TUCS, Dept Informat Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Elliptical slot based polarization insensitive compact and flexible chipless RFID tag2019In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 29, no 11, article id e21734Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A miniaturized, polarization insensitive, and fully passive chipless radio frequency identification tag is proposed in this research article. The realized tag is based on slotted elliptical structures in a nested loop fashion with identical lengths and widths of slot resonators. Alteration of data sequence is accomplished by addition and elimination of nested resonators in the geometric structure. The tag is capable to encode 10 bits of data and covers spectral range from 3.6 to 15.6 GHz. The formulated structure demonstrates polarization insensitive characteristic. The data encoding structure is analyzed and optimized for different substrates that are, Rogers RT/duroid/5880, Rogers RT/duroid/5870, and Taconic TLX-0 over the miniaturized footprint of 22.8 x 16 mm(2). The presented tag is robust, novel, compact, and flexible exhibiting a stable response to impinging electromagnetic waves at various angles of incidence.

  • 34.
    Javed, Aqsa
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan.
    Ejaz, Asma
    ACTSENA Research Group, Department of Telecommunication Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Punjab 47050, Pakistan.
    Mehak, Sumrin
    ACTSENA Research Group, Department of Telecommunication Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Punjab 47050, Pakistan.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH. ACTSENA Research Group, Department of Telecommunication Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Punjab 47050, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. Department of Information Technology, TUCS, University of Turku, Turku, 20520, Finland.
    Miniaturized cross-lines rectangular ring-shaped flexible multiband antenna2019In: Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, ISSN 1054-4887, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 625-630Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A compact, flexible antenna for wireless applications, i.e., WLAN/WiMAX/Wi-Fi, UMTS2100, C-Band, and DSRC is presented. The quad-band antenna is designed and analyzed in terms of efficiency, gain, radiation pattern, return loss, and VSWR. The optimized design consists of a CPW fed rectangular ring patch with the semi-circular ground. The cross-lines and the semicircular ground is investigated to ascertain the multiband effect. A concept of inset feed mechanism is also interpolated to enhance impedance matching. The framed antenna is examined under the bent condition as well. The reported work is an apt candidate for the proposed applications because of its high efficiency of 95% with a peak gain of 3.22 dBi along with VSWR less than 2. With stable radiation pattern and bandwidth, there is a justified concurrence between simulated and measured results.

  • 35. Javeda, Nimra
    et al.
    Habib, Ayesha
    Akram, Adeel
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics.
    16-bit frequency signatured directly printable tag for organic electronics2016In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 13, no 11, article id 20160406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A compact 16-bit chipless RFID moisture sensor tag with a size of 13.2 x 19.6mm(2) is designed, fabricated and analyzed. The presented moisture sensor tag is realized on a paper substrate with silver nano particle based ink patches as conducting material. The frequency band of operation is 0.5 to 14 GHz having an overall bandwidth of 13.5 GHz. It is loaded with slots of different lengths and widths, etched on the conductive material. The tag exhibits stable sensing characteristic towards moisture in the real environment. The flexible, sensitive and environmental friendly nature of the proposed tag makes it suitable for wider, low-cost and organic electronics applications.

  • 36. Kanth, R. K.
    et al.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Analysis, design and development of novel, low profile 2.487 GHz microstrip antenna2010In: 2010 14th International Symposium on Antenna Technology and Applied Electromagnetics and the American Electromagnetics Conference, ANTEM/AMEREM 2010, 2010, p. 1-4Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International Telecommunication Union Radio Communication Sector ( ITU-R) has assigned 1.176 GHz and 2.487 GHz respectively in L and S band to Regional Navigational Satellite System (RNSS) for satellite navigation purpose. In this paper attempt has been made to design a novel, low profile compact microstrip antenna which achieves required specification such as gain of -4dBi up to ±50° and bandwidth of 30 MHz. The design of S band antenna was carried out using Ansoft Designer software, was fabricated and the required performance of antenna was measured in terms of its return loss, VSWR and gain radiation pattern. The return loss of the developed antenna was measured with the vector network analyzer and its gain radiation pattern in anechoic chamber and the performance of its measurements were compared with the analyzed results.

  • 37.
    Kanth, R. K.
    et al.
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Liljeberg, P.
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Comparative End-of-Life Study of Polymer and Paper Based Radio Frequency Devices2012In: International Journal of Environmental Protection, ISSN 2224-7777, Vol. 2, p. 23-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work end-of-life (EOL) analysis of polymer and paper based radio frequency devices have been carried out. Polymer and paper based RFID antenna has been chosen as a radio frequency device. An attempt has been made to investigate and evaluate the environmental emissions at end-of-life-cycle stage and to explore type and quantity of emissions at their disposal. The Gabi’s balance calculation methodology has been employed to determine amount of environmental emissions at the end-of-life cycle stage. Each significant component of the antenna and their corresponding emissions has been investigated in this paper. We have also compared the corresponding emissions to air and fresh water in both the technologies i.e. incineration and land-filling at EOL stage.

  • 38. Kanth, R. K.
    et al.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    Turku Centre for Computer Science, University of Turku, Finland.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Janstch, Axel
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Kumar, H.
    Design of sierpinski grid patch antenna for multiband application2013In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 12-15, 2013, 2013, p. 577-582Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is two-fold. Firstly, we have attempted to design a planar Sierpinski fractal antenna with stacked configuration for multiband applications. The stacked configuration of Sierpinski fractal patch and Sierpinski grid are employed to improve the multiband characteristics. The operating frequencies obtained are at 3.3 GHz, 5GHz, 5.74 GHz and 5.9 GHz which covers the bands useful for HIPERLAN2 frequencies and for implementation in futuristic WiFi enabled devices and PCI Cards for mobile internet. The Simulated results show that the operating frequencies obtained are spread over a wide range of frequency band compared to the simple Sierpinski fractal patch antenna. Secondly this paper aims at evaluating the sustainability and life cycle management of proposed antenna.

  • 39.
    Kanth, R. K.
    et al.
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Liljeberg, P.
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Kumar, H.
    Quantifying the environmental footprint of rigid substrate printed antenna2012In: Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE Conference on Technology and Society in Asia, T and SA 2012, IEEE , 2012, p. 6397973-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantifying environmental footprint is an important task for the embedded system researcher as this study keep them aware of environmental impacts' threat toward green and healthy living of human beings. In this work we have presented a study on analysis of sustainability and environmental impacts assessment in manufacturing process of rigid substrate printed antennas. Life cycle assessment approach has been employed to quantify and asses the environmental footprint. A case study has been carried out for epoxy resin substrate based tip truncated equilateral triangle microstrip antenna. The subtractive printing methodology have been conducted to trace the required antenna pattern. The output parameters have been analyzed in terms of global warming potential, ozone layer depletion potential, human toxicity and acidification potential. Gabi's balance approach has been utilized to analyze the environmental emissions to the air, fresh water, sea water, agricultural and industrial soils. The consumption of resources has also been shortly described in this paper.

  • 40.
    Kanth, Rajeev Kumar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Wan, Qiansu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Kumar, Harish
    Evaluating Sustainability, Environmental Assessment and Toxic Emissions during Manufacturing Process of RFID Based Systems2011In: Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing (DASC), 2011 IEEE Ninth International Conference on, 2011, p. 1066-1071Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present state of the art research in the direction of embedded systems demonstrate that analysis of life-cycle, sustainability and environmental assessment have not been a core focus for researchers. To maximize a researcher's contribution in formulating environmentally friendly products, devising green manufacturing processes and services, there is a strong need to enhance life-cycle awareness and sustainability understandings among embedded systems researchers, so that the next generation of engineers will be able to realize the goal of a sustainable life-cycle. In this work an attempt has been made to investigate and evaluate the life-cycle management and environmental assessment in fabricating processes of the RFID based systems. We have chosen a general life cycle assessment approach which involves the collection and evaluation of quantitative data on the inputs and outputs of materials and energy associated with the RFID based systems. Based on the developed generic models, we have obtained the results in terms of environmental emissions for a production of paper substrate printed RFID antennas. We also make an attempt to raise several sustainability issues and quantify the toxic emissions during the manufacturing process.

  • 41. Khan, Aamir
    et al.
    Naqvi, Syeda I.
    Arshad, Farzana
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Åbo universitet, Finland.
    A Compact Quad-band CPW-fed Planar Resonator for Multiple Wireless Communication Applications2017In: Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, ISSN 1054-4887, Vol. 32, no 11, p. 1001-1007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a low-cost, compact antenna with coplanar waveguide (CPW) feed line for multiband wireless applications. The presented multiband radiator is envisioned for integration into microwave circuits and portable RF devices. The prototype is realized on 1.6 mm thick readily available FR4 substrate with a compact geometrical size of 24x32 mm(2). The acquired quad-bands are centered at: 2.45, 3.5, 5.2 and 5.8 GHz justifying the appropriateness of the proposed radiator for the WLAN and WiMAX applications, as well as Bluetooth and ISM wireless standards. From the aspect of integration into transportable handheld devices and system designing, the presented compact antenna illustrates more expandability and flexibility. The radiation characteristics measured in the E and H-planes for desired operating frequencies are monopole-like and omni-directional, respectively. A sufficient gain is also achieved. Simulated as well as experimental results exhibit agreeable behavior.

  • 42.
    Khan, Tayyaba
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Rahman, MuhibUr
    Polytech Montreal, Dept Elect Engn, Montreal, PQ H3T 1J4, Canada..
    Akram, Adeel
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics. Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics.
    A Low-Cost CPW-Fed Multiband Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna for Wireless Applications2019In: ELECTRONICS, ISSN 2079-9292, Vol. 8, no 8, article id 900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel, cedar-shaped, coplanar waveguide-fed frequency reconfigurable antenna is proposed. The presented antenna uses low-cost FR4 substrate with a thickness of 1.6 mm. Four PIN diodes are inserted on the antenna surface to variate the current distribution and alter the resonant frequencies with different combinations of switches. The proposed antenna is fabricated and measured for all states, and a good agreement is seen between measured and simulated results. This antenna resonates within the range of 2 GHz to 10 GHz, covering the major wireless applications of aviation service, wireless local area network (WLAN), worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX), long distance radio telecommunications, and X-band satellite communication. The proposed antenna works resourcefully with reasonable gain, significant bandwidth, directivity, and reflection coefficient. The proposed multiband reconfigurable antenna will pave the way for future wireless communications including WLAN, WiMAX, and possibly fifth-generation (5G) communication.

  • 43. Khan, Umar Hasan
    et al.
    Aslam, Bilal
    Azam, Muhammad Awais
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Compact RFID Enabled Moisture Sensor2016In: Radioengineering, ISSN 1210-2512, E-ISSN 1805-9600, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 449-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research proposes a novel, low-cost RFID tag sensor antenna implemented using commercially available Kodak photo-paper. The aim of this paper is to investigate the possibility of stable, RFID centric communication under varying moisture levels. Variation in the frequency response of the RFID tag in presence of moisture is used to detect different moisture levels. Combination of unique jaw shaped contours and T-matching network is used for impedance matching which results in compact size and minimal ink consumption. Proposed tag is 1.4x9.4 cm(2) in size and shows optimum results for various moisture levels upto 45 % in FCC band with a bore sight read range of 12.1 m.

  • 44. Khan, Umar Hasan
    et al.
    Aslam, Bilal
    Shahid, Humayun
    Azam, Muhammad Awais
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Pakistan.
    Loo, Jonathan
    Novel chipless displacement sensor circuit using spurline resonantor2016In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 13, no 23, article id 20161008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel uni-dimensional chipless displacement sensor circuit based on spurline resonators is presented. Sensor circuit design consists of two components: series of spurline resonators and a selector element. In response to displacement, the selector element slides over the spurline resonator slots that translating this movement into a corresponding change in the circuit's frequency response. The designed circuit offers a capacity of 16 bits in the 2-4.2 GHz frequency band. Half of the bits are designated as the sensory bits, while the other half are attributed as the ID bits. The formulated sensor has a dynamic range from 0-3.75 mm and a minimum resolution of 0.25 mm. The proposed sensor is a prime candidate for deployment in smart cities for ubiquitous infrastructural health monitoring.

  • 45. Khan, Umar Hasan
    et al.
    Rasheed, Hira
    Aslam, Bilal
    Fatima, Ammara
    Shahid, Laiba
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Localization of Compact Circularly Polarized RFID Tag Using ToA Technique2017In: Radioengineering, ISSN 1210-2512, E-ISSN 1805-9600, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 147-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A compact, flexible crossed-dipole circularly polarized antenna using commercially available paper substrate is presented which caters North American frequency band. The crossed-dipoles have meandered lines for reduction of size as well as increased inductivity in the antenna. Dipoles have asymmetric T-shaped rectangular endings to provide the required compactness. Two semicircles are induced between the orthogonal dipoles and meandering matching structure to accomplish circular polarization excitation. Good impedance matching with the chip is achieved through a modified meander line matching structure. The proposed design dimensions are 32 x 32 x 0.4 mm(3). Systematic analysis revealed the results comprising circular polarization 3dB-AR bandwidth of 12 MHz (908-920 MHz) and power transmission coefficient bandwidth of 36 MHz (900-936 MHz). Time delay between interrogating signal and backscattered signal is measured and relative distance is calculated. Linear Least Square (LLS) method is applied to approximate the position of tag in interrogation area. The proposed tag is placed at known locations and its position is measured to analyze accuracy of the method by simulating the positioning algorithm code in MATLAB. Six valid tag positions 0.5-2 m read range and 0 degrees-150 degrees angular resolution has been investigated.

  • 46. Noor, T.
    et al.
    Habib, A.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology (UET).
    Loo, J.
    Tenhunen, H.
    High-density chipless RFID tag for temperature sensing2016In: Electronics Letters, ISSN 0013-5194, E-ISSN 1350-911X, Vol. 52, no 8, p. 620-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A 30 bit high-density circular chipless RF identification tag based on C-shaped open end polarisation independent slots is presented. The encoding capacity of this design is enhanced in a compact size. Patch diameter of the tag is 24 mm. Circularly polarised incident plane waves are used for excitation. Data capacity of 30 bits is achieved in the frequency band of 3.1-11.7 GHz. Spectral signature-based radar cross- section results are also measured for flexible and temperature sensor integrated design. The prototype is inkjet printed on Kapton (R) HN heat resistant conformal sheet.

  • 47. Riaz, M. A.
    et al.
    Shahid, H.
    Aslam, S. Z.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan.
    Akram, A.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Novel T-shaped resonator based chipless RFID tag2017In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 14, no 18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel, frequency selective surface (FSS) based, data encoding structure amenable to be used as a chipless RFID tag is proposed. The data encoding structure is made up of finite repetitions of a unit cell fabricated on commercially available grounded FR4 substrate having physical dimensions of 15 × 15mm2. The unit cell is composed of numerous T-shaped resonant elements arranged as two atypical sets of concentric nested loops. Alteration in geometry of the encoding circuit, attained by inclusion or omission of nested resonators, corresponds to a particular data sequence. Each encoded data sequence is manifested in the frequency domain as a distinct spectral signature. The proposed 10-bit tag is both compact and robust, and remains interrogable in response to illuminating electromagnetic waves at various angles of incidence.

  • 48. Satti, J. A.
    et al.
    Habib, A.
    Zeb, S.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Pakistan.
    Loo, J.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Highly-dense flexible chipless RFID tag2017In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 14, no 18, article id 20170750Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A 27-bit circular shaped, highly-dense, fully printable chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) tag is presented in this letter. High data capacity is provided in a compact size. The total dimension of the tag is 22 × 22mm2. For exciting the tag, the linearly polarized incident plane wave is used. The circular shaped tag structure is analyzed for three different substrates, i.e., Rogers RT/duroid®/5870, Taconic TLX-0 and DuPont™ Kapton® HN. The spectral range for Rogers RT/duroid®/5870 is 3.3-13.5 GHz, 3.4-13.6 GHz for Taconic TLX-0 and 3.7-15.1 GHz for DuPont™ Kapton® HN substrate. Flexibility is achieved by using Kapton® HN substrate. The presented tag is low-cost and flexible; hence it can be easily deployed on wide range of objects.

  • 49. Satti, Javeria Anum
    et al.
    Habib, Ayesha
    Anam, Hafsa
    Zeb, Sumra
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics.
    Loo, Jonathan
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits.
    Miniaturized humidity and temperature sensing RFID enabled tags2018In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 28, no 1, article id e21151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A compact 27-bit linearly polarized chipless radio frequency identification tag is presented in this research. The proposed tag is designed with an overall tag dimension of 23 x 23 mm(2). The tag comprises of metallic (copper) rings-based structure loaded with slots. These slots correspond to a particular sequence of bits. The circular tag is analysed using 2 different substrates, that is, Rogers RT/duroid/5870 and flexible Rogers RT/duroid/5880. The radar cross-section response of frequency signatured tag is analysed for humidity and temperature sensor designs. Humidity sensing is achieved by deploying a DuPont Kapton HN heat resistant sheet on the shortest slot of the tag, that is, the sensing slot. Temperature sensing is attained using Rogers RT/duroid/5870 and Stanyl polyamide as a combined substrate. Hence, the miniaturized, robust, and flexible tag can be deployed over irregular surfaces for sensing purposes.

  • 50.
    Shahid, Humayun
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, Dept Telecommun Engn, ACTSENA, Taxila 47050, Punjab, Pakistan. min, Yasar; Tenhunen, Hannu.
    Riaz, Muhammad Ali
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Akram, Adeel
    Loo, Jonathan
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Novel QR-incorporated chipless RFID tag2019In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 16, no 5, article id 20180843Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work ideates a novel approach for designing a QR-incorporated data encoding structure that functions as a fully-passive, chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) tag. Several concentric square-shaped resonant slots embedded strategically within a QR-patterned region constitute the tag. A functional prototype is realized over an ungrounded Duroid (R) 5880 substrate, and the same is evaluated for its electromagnetic performance. The tag performs encoding of up to 118 data bits distributed across spectral and optical domain in a compact form factor measuring 55 x 55 mm(2). Possible applications of the formulated tag include multi-layer authentication for secure access control in smart cities and connected homes.

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