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  • 1.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Architecture for the silvering society: architecture competitions as innovators of space for frail older people2012Ingår i: ARCH2012: Architecture - Research - Care - Health / [ed] Marie Strid, Göteborg: pdf-publikation , 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the universal ageing process that is currently taking place in western society, the organization of architecture competitions that deals with space for dependent ageing comes of relevance. Based on the welfare regime theory, it could be argued that this type of architecture is part of a national architectural typology. The type of welfare regime does not only supply spatial parameters to respect, but it also align architects’ the spatial visions in order to incarnate the national socio‐political ambitions. This type of space seems to have a slower pace of change, since a spatial innovation is juxtaposed with sociopolitical reform work of the welfare regime. The present study is an explorative study of programming competition documents and winning entries that were part of the Swedish governmental initiative of 2010,” Growing older, Living well,” to innovate space for ageing by use of architectural competitions. Three municipal architecture competitions that dealt with space for ageing (ordinary or sheltered housing) constitute the framework for this study. These were organized during the period of November 2011 to April 2012, partly sponsored by the Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology (SIAT), which administered the governmental allocation of 50 million SEK. The research material was accumulated by use of internet searches, interviews and questionnaires. The analysis applied pattern seeking and involved close reading, document analysis and spatial analysis of architectural drawings. The study suggests a preliminary conclusion: programme documents used within the field of architecture for ageing and eldercare emphasize spatial requirements for an overall high architectural quality and long ‐term performance, but little attention is paid to the user perspective, how to grow old in a care environment with respect to the WHO policy of active ageing. In addition, the study demonstrates a conservation of existing notions about appropriate architecture for ageing at the expense of an integration of multi‐disciplinary findings on the relation on ageing, eldercare and space. Consequently, architecture  competitions that focus on the emerging ageing society could be seen as a restrained type of space for architects to digress. National welfare goals and existing means to achieve these goals act as inhibitors for an innovative spatial preparation for the ageing society.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning. Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut, SBi, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Arkitektur för Bo bra på äldre dar: tre tävlingar i Burlöv, Gävle och Linköping2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish governmental two year program “Growing old, Living well” was launched in 2010 with the specific intent to create innovation regarding housing for both able and frail older people. The program has been administered by the Swedish Institute for Assistive Technology (SIAT), which has diffused the allocation of 50 million Swedish crowns into various projects and studies about housing for the ageing generation. Sweden is entering the ageing country in which the group of people aged 65 years and above attains approximately 19 per cent. Apart from regular case studies on different phenomena that occur in relation to older people and housing, the Swedish government designated the architectural competition as an instrument for renewing contemporaneous thinking about ordinary and special housing for older people. National architecture competitions have been used to define space for dependent persons. These competitions have preceded reforms of the social act. In a parallel track, local architecture competitions have resulted in new housing for older people who still able reside within the stock of ordinary housing.

     

    According to the SIAT, a total of 18 municipalities requested information about the conditions and possibilities for acquiring finical support for the organization of architecture competitions or studies about housing for senior citizen. Of these, seven applied for funding to organize competitions, but five local organizers were granted funding. Later, two municipalities suspended their competitions due to unforeseen obstacles. The program has resulted in three architectural competitions. The objective for these competitions has been to infuse creative thinking and future-oriented solutions concerning housing for the older people. The present study will shed light on how a municipal actor works with these matters and will supply a time estimate for such a planning process. The study focuses on the three municipal architectural competitions and the two pilot studies that were used as supplementary source of information regarding housing preferences. Supplemented by written documentation, the process of realizing an architecture competition or a pilot study has been reconstructed as to its dynamics. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews of key-persons. By use of the competition documentation and the pilot studies, 74 informants were possible to delimit as to their participation in the process.

     

    The decisive reason for why the governmental program Growing Older - Living Well didn’t get a better response from the municipalities lies in the timetable for the national initiative. The governmental program was not coordinated with municipal planning processes for housing. Only municipals that already started their planning could consider organizing competitions. The competitions were organized as invited competitions with a prequalification procedure. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identify suitable candidates for the following design phase. Three to four teams of architects have been invited to develop design proposals. Based on the study, a set comprising of thirty detailed conclusions can be made about the municipal competitions that were arranged with support from the governmental program. However, they all converge into an overarching conclusion that states the direct link between the wording of the competition brief and the participating architects’ inclination to rethink the design task in a fundamental or moderate approach. The study concludes that the better the arranger prepare the competition brief, the more accurately will the participating architects convert this text into future-oriented architecture for older people that is active on a comprehensive level as well as on the detailed level one.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    SBi/Aarhus Universitet.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Arkitektur för ett åldrande samhälle: tre arkitekttävlingar inom regeringsuppdraget Bo bra på äldre dar2013Ingår i: KRITIK, ISSN 1654-7969, nr 19, s. 38-45Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under våren 2012 har tre arkitekttävlingen med fokus på olika boendetyper för äldre genomförts. Tävlingarna har varit en del av uppdraget Bo bra på äldre dar, som regeringen i juli 2010 anförtrodde Hjälpmedelsinstitutet, HI, att förvalta.

    Denna artikel handlar om tävlings- och bedömningsskedet i de tre kommunala arkitekttävlingar, som arrangerades i Burlöv, Gävle och Linköping. Det är tävlingsprogrammets intentioner, deras koppling till regeringsprogrammet och hur tävlande arkitekter har löst tävlingsuppgiften som artikeln lyfter fram. Artikeln utgår från intervjuer med de personer som varit inblandade i tävlingarna från tävlingshandlingarnas framtagande, över inkomna tävlingsförslag till juryns bedömning och korandet av en vinnare.

    En slutsats från de tre tävlingarna är att bostadsmiljöerna inte bara ska välkomna personer i åldersgruppen 65 år och uppåt. Goda bostäder är inte en åldersfråga och särskilda kategoribostäder för äldre är fel väg att gå för att möta framtidens samhällsutmaningar, enligt jurymedlemmarna. De tre tävlingarna gestaltar ett åldersvänligt boende med kvaliteter som kontakt med omgivningen genom utblickar och dagsljusinfall, en lokalisering till en plats som både erbjuder avskildhet och tillfälle till social gemenskap allt efter den personliga smaken, och inte minst en arkitektonisk utformning och byggd miljö, som skapar förströelse, stöd och upplevelser i vardagen. 

  • 4.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Competitions as innovators of space for frail older people: on architecture for the silvering society2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the universal ageing process that is currently taking place in western society, the organization of architecture competitions that deals with space for dependent ageing comes of relevance. Based on the welfare regime theory, it could be argued that this type of architecture is part of a national architectural typology. The type of welfare regime does not only supply spatial parameters to respect, but it also align architects’ the spatial visions in order to  incarnate the national socio‐political ambitions. This type of space seems to have a slower pace of change, since a spatial innovation is juxtaposed with sociopolitical reform work of the welfare regime. The present study is an explorative study of programming competition documents and winning entries that were part of the Swedish governmental initiative of 2010,” Growing older, Living well,” to innovate space for ageing by use of architectural competitions. Three municipal architecture competitions that dealt with space for ageing (ordinary or sheltered housing) constitute the framework for this study. These were organized during the period of November 2011 to April 2012, partly sponsored by the Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology (SIAT), which  administered the governmental allocation of 50 million SEK. The research material was accumulated by use of internet searches, interviews and questionnaires. The analysis applied pattern seeking and involved close reading, document analysis and spatial analysis of architectural drawings. The study suggests a preliminary conclusion: programme documents used within the field of architecture for ageing and eldercare emphasize spatial requirements for an overall high architectural quality and long‐term performance, but little attention is paid to the user perspective, how to grow old in a care environment with respect to the WHO policy of active ageing. In addition, the study demonstrates a conservation of existing notions about appropriate architecture for ageing at the expense of an integration of multi‐disciplinary findings on the relation on ageing, eldercare and space. Consequently, architecture competitions that focus on the emerging ageing society could be seen as a restrained type of space for architects to digress. National welfare goals and existing means to achieve these goals act as inhibitors for an innovative spatial preparation for the ageing society.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Experience of prequalification in competitions for new housing for the elderly2012Ingår i: ARCH2012: Architecture - Research - Care - Health / [ed] Marie Strid, Göteborg, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents results from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions for senior citizen housing. The aim is to develop knowledge of how the organizer appoints candidates to restricted competitions. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identify suitable candidates for the following design phase. Three to four teams have in this study been invited to develop design proposals. The overall research question is to understand how organizers select design teams for competitions aimed at developing innovative design solutions on housing for elderly persons in an aging society. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews with key persons. Three municipal competitions have been examined. In these competitions 10 informants have reported their experiences of prequalification. They responded to an interview guide with questions on the background of the competition, development of the invitation, and the need for information about the candidates, assessment process and experience from the selection of design teams. The invitation emerges during negotiation at the organizing body, which includes discussion with the Swedish Association of Architects and the Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology, who provide economical support for the competitions. General conditions, submission requirements and criteria for the evaluation of applications are parts of an established practice. The assessment procedure has two distinct stages. First the selection committee checks whether applications meet the specific “must requirements” in the invitation. Thereafter follows an evaluative assessment of the candidate’s professional profile. Reference projects are important in this final stage. From the study nine general conclusions can be drawn regarding the influence on the competition by the arranger, the Swedish Association of Architects and the Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology, starting with the decision to organize a competition and ending with how the selection committees experienced the prequalification.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    Myndigheten för tillgänglighet.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Interior design and its impact on older people, assessing changes in a residen tialcare home2014Ingår i: ARCH 14 Conference Proceedings / [ed] Ira Verma, Laura Nenonen (edit.), Helsinki, 2014, s. 199-223Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents results from a practice-initiated intervention of the interior setting in a residential care home, RCH, outside of Stockholm, Sweden. In the wake of the Swedish governmental initiative “Growing old, Living well” in 2012, the Administration for Social

    Welfare and Health, ASW, at the City of Stockholm received partial funding for an intervention project, implemented as changes of the interior design of a RCH unit for 25 residents. This unit was situated on the ground floor in a four storey building; a refurbished hospital building from the 1950s. The project revolved around two situations that older residents regularly meet in a RCH setting; Firstly, the meal situation, which takes place in the dining room and the adjacent area for coffee or tea; secondly, the leisure situation, which involves distraction and socializing activities. The development of a set of essential environmental changes involved representatives of the municipal administration along with the ones of the private eldercare entrepreneur, experts in interior design and lighting, and smaller group of users, i.e. the residents and their relatives. However, the project started without a baseline assessment of existing conditions, hence, complicating a direct evaluation of the impact of interior changes.

     

    In consequence, this evaluation had to be realized as a multivariate analysis, which compared previous conditions with the changed interior setting. Triangulating research methods were used: interviews, observations, mini-questionnaires along with the Therapeutic Environment Screening Scale for Nursing homes instrument, TESS-NH. The TESS-NH assessments involved a group of 10 evaluators. The qualitative and quantitative assessments of the interior changes suggested a positive effect, and most users, residents, relatives or members of the staff, appreciated the new setting. Due to the lack of a baseline assessment, these experiences are difficult to correlate with particular changes in the interior setting. However, two factors appear as decisive for the successful outcome of the project: firstly, the development of a preliminary set of changes in the indoor design, conceived by spatial experts, and, secondly, the involvement of user representatives in the evaluation of the suggested ideas before implementation.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Omsorgens boenden: en forskningsöversikt över arkitektur, teknik och miljö i särskilda boendeformer2006Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Projektredovisning: Entreprenadtävlingen i Karlskrona: En utvärdering av prekvalificeringen2012Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a study on a commission competition with a list of imperative requirements and its implementation. The competition opened in January 2012, but had to be interrupted prematurely and prior to a jury assessment process. The aim has been to develop knowledge about an alternative type of architecture competition oriented towards building construction companies in close collaboration with architects. The overall research question has been to understand the motives for this choice of competition organization and its applicability to the issue of innovating housing for the senior group of citizens.

     

    The study has used case study methodology that has included document review (close reading) and an interview guide with questions on the background of the competition, development of the invitation to participate, the assessment process of the applicants to participate, the selection of companies, and the reasons for the interruption of the competition. Given the alternative form of the competition, the process was subject to confidentiality. Despite access was given to secret information that arouse from the process, the extent of the study has restricted. Therefore, the five participating teams for architects and building contractors have not been possible to interview, nor an access to the submitted entries in the competition. The sample of informants consists of three persons who were involved in the decision-making process of this competition.

     

    The invitation to a commission competition was developed during a negotiation process within the organizing body, a principal local municipal real estate company and four other similar partners from other municipalities in close collaboration with a local association for senior housing. This consortium initiated discussions with the Swedish Institute of Assistive Technology (SIAT) and the Swedish Association of Public Housing Companies (SABO). In addition, a team consisting of an architect, a legal expertise and representatives from the building sector acted as advisors to the consortium. The ambition with the competition was to promote cost efficiency with new thinking in design.

     

    In this case, the commission competition and its assessment procedure developed in a technical orientation. The selection process of candidates for participating in the competition was based on a numeric value system that was attributed different imperative requirements. However, the invitation only attracted a sparse interest from six teams of architects and building contractors. All of these candidates were approved and were invited. In this aspect, the organizer had to simplify the selection process since the estimate on interested partners reached 10. However, none of the candidates were assessed as fully competent in relation to the imperative requirements, and, therefore, the competition was interrupted prematurely, and prior to the jury assessment process. The main conclusion from this study is that, in this case, the commission competition has been planned and managed from a rational perspective that has amputated both the force of competing in architecture. The selection committee represents an expert model. The respond from the building sector can be seen a disappointment.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Searching for innovative design: architectural competitions in the silvering Swedish welfare state2015Ingår i: Journal of Housing for the Elderly, ISSN 0276-3893, E-ISSN 1540-353X, Vol. 29, nr 1-2, s. 24-52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The new millennium has forwarded an increased larger interest in appropriate housing for the senior part of the Swedish population, aged 65 years and older. In 2010, the Swedish government launched a two-year programme called “Growing old, Living Well” that targeted living conditions for older people with few or some needs of home care services, but also the smaller group of dependent and frail older persons, whose everyday living depend upon regular caregiving. The programme promoted architectural competitions as a tool for innovation. This paper assesses the outcome of three architectural competitions that were realized by the same number of municipalities in conjunction with the programme. The paper concludes that existing notions about appropriate space for ageing prevailed, since the competition briefs evolved from existing data, and, thereby, allowed for a low degree of renewed thinking. Hence, the relationship between architectural designs and the older person’s needs due to age-related problems was only addressed indirectly. Housing for the Swedish silvering welfare state needs further detailing in order to become an essential criterion for creating innovative architecture and urban design.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Bloxham Zettersten, Gerd
    Architectural competitions: as institutions and process2016 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Bloxham Zettersten, Gerd
    Editor's comments2013Ingår i: Architectural Competitions: Histories and Practice, Rio Kulturkooperativ , 2013, , s. 350Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Jonas E.
    et al.
    SBi.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Östman, Leif
    NOVIA University.
    Architectural competitions I: Exploring the phenomenon of competing in architecture and urban design2013Ingår i: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, ISSN ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of realising buildings with such architectural care that they become high-quality architecture and the momentum of introducing a competitive phase in this creative work may strike most people as odd. However, the phenomenon dates back to the Olympic Games of Ancient Greece, where the harmony between aesthetics and architectural realisation was assessed in a public voting process.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Östman, Leif
    Editors’ note, special issue of Journal FORMakademisk, 6-4,: Architectural competitions I - Exploring the phenomenon of competing in architecture and urban design2014Ingår i: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 6, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 14.
    Andersson, Jonas E
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Östman, Leif
    Editors’ note, special issue of Journal FORMakademisk, 6-4, Architectural Competitions II - The dynamics of competing and organising competitions in architecture and urban design.: Architectural Competitions II - The dynamics of competing and organising competitions in architecture and urban design.2014Ingår i: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 6, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Kazemian, RezaKTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.Rönn, MagnusKTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Nordic Journal of Architectural Research: Nordisk arkitekturforskning2009Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Jonas
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Kazemian, Reza
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    The Architectural Competition (Editors' Notes): Introduction2011Ingår i: The Architectural Competition: Research Inquiries and Experiences / [ed] Magnus Rönn, Reza Kazemian, Jonas Andersson, Stockholm: Axl Books, 2011Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Bodin, Lennart
    Kontorsmiljön påverkar hälsa, trivsel, och arbete2008Ingår i: Miljöforskning, ISSN 1650-4925, Vol. 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Charlotte, Svensson
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Tornberg, Elisabeth
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Arkitekttävlingar, Gestaltningsprogram och Arkitektonisk kvalitet2006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19. Grahn Danielson, Benjamin
    et al.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Swedberg, Stig
    Cultural Heritage: Changing Ideas on Compensation in Planning2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compensation measures are a new method for handling impact on cultural heritage in land use planning. The idea with compensation measures can be understood as an extension of the polluter pays principle. Today, compensation measures are mainly used when natural environments are damaged by development, but it is also possible to use compensation measures when a project results in negative impact on cultural heritage. However, there is a lack of experience in using compensation when it comes to the latter.

     

    In our work as heritage consultants, we have experienced difficulties in implementing compensa-tion measures in projects and assignments. Since 2013, we have organised a research project dealing with compensation measures and cultural heritage; aiming towards a new practice and better use of planning instruments. With this paper, we want to share our results from four case studies where development impact on cultural heritage has led to discussions about, and imple-mentation of, compensation measures.

     

    By using case studies from four different types of development, we wanted to find patterns in the use of compensation measures in planning processes. The results show an uncertainty in understanding compensation as a concept. This is due to an absence of practice dealing with compensation measures; cultural heritage values are not addressed in a proper way in negotia-tions over land access.

     

    Several instruments for compensation measures in planning processes can actually be found in the law and land use of the Swedish planning system, but they are not being used properly, which results in a negative impact on the cultural heritage. After two years of analysing and discussing our case studies in workshops and conferences, we have concluded that there is a strong need for clarifying planning instruments and for developing a professional practice dealing with compensa-tion measures.

  • 20. Grahn Danielson, Benjamin
    et al.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Swedberg, Stig
    Styrmedel och kompensationsåtgärder inom kulturmiljöområdet: Sammanfattning och slutsatser av FoU-projekt2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Styrmedel och kompensationsåtgärder inom kulturmiljöområdet har genomförts av Kulturlandskapet i Fjällbacka i samarbete med KTH/A, GU samt SLU och med bidrag från Riksantikvarieämbetets FoU-anslag. Projektet har bestått av tre delar. En första del utgjordes av en faktagenomgång som omfattade begreppsanalys och juridisk analys, vilka tillämpades i fyra fallstudier. Del två utgjordes av testbäddar/workshoppar där begrepp, analysmodellen och fallstudierna låg till grund för vidare diskussioner och analyser. Slutligen har en konferens arrangerats där resultaten från projektet presenterats och diskuterats.  På konferensen presenterades också flera exempel på kommunal planering som inbegriper kompensation av kulturmiljövärden.

     

    I föreliggande rapport sammanfattas resultaten från dessa tre delar. Projektets slutsatser baserade på erfarenheter från fallstudier, workshoppar och konferens är att:

     

    •   Det saknas professionell och rättslig praxis för arbete med kompensation vid påverkan på kulturmiljöer.

    •   I kommunal planering har former för kompensation utvecklats genom olika typer av avtalslösningar.

    •   Vissa av dessa kommunala praktiker går längre än lagstiftningen och arbetar med balansering som princip.

    •   Kompensationsåtgärder behöver ges en tydligare koppling mellan värde/betydelse och själva åtgärden.

    •   Kvalitativa värden, som kulturmiljövärden, behöver behandlas tidigt i en planprocess, så att en prissättning av hänsynskrav och eventuella kompensationskrav kan ske på ett jämställt sätt.

    •   Transparensen i planprocessen behöver förstärkas.

    •   Gällande juridiska styrmedel fungerar dåligt och behöver justeras.

    •   Landskapskonventionen behöver implementeras i svensk lagstiftning.

    •   Utifrån detta utkristalliseras ett antal kunskapsbehov och behov av lagändringar:

    -   Erfarenheter från kommunala praktiker behöver studeras och utvecklas till en gemensam grund.

    -   Råd och beskrivning av processen för kompensation i planer och projekt.

    -   Utbildning i de juridiska förutsättningarna för kompensationskrav.

    -   Utveckling av de nationella målen avseende kulturmiljö och landskap.

    -   Förändrad lagstiftning behövs avseende möjlighet till kompensation enligt plan och bygglagen.

    -   Balansering bör tillämpas som grundläggande princip för miljölagstiftningen.

  • 21.
    Johansson, Rolf
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Werner, Inga Britt
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Om kvalitet i Arkitektur2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The presented report is a summary of the research program Quality in Architecture and Urban Planning. The aimed have been to develop concepts and theory regarding architectural

    quality. ‘Quality’ is discussed by three different studies. The first is an analysis of quality criteria

    for a Swedish architecture reward. Then architects’ views on quality management in the design process

    were studied. The last study concerned debate on architecture in current daily press. The

    changing perspectives highlight the diversity of how ‘quality’ is perceived in the design and construction

    process. The results are presented in five statements on ‘architectural quality’:

    1) The use of the concept can appear unclear and confusing,

    2) ‘Quality’ is an open and evaluating concept,

    3) The concept reflects a divide between architects and their customers,

    4) It is a value laden concept, as are the criteria used by professional practitioners judging the built

    environment and

    5) Normative critique of architectures is based upon an external model, while interpreting critique is

    based upon internal experience.

  • 22.
    Kazemian, Reza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Rönn, MagnusKTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Arkitekturens kvalitetsfrågor: en antologi med uppsatser från en vidareutbildningskurs2006Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Kazemian, Reza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Rönn, MagnusKTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Building the Future Conference: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, Vol. 45, No. 4:20052005Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Kazemian, Reza
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Finnish architectural competitions: structure, criteria and judgement process2009Ingår i: Building Research & Information, ISSN 0961-3218, E-ISSN 1466-4321, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 176-186Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure of the Finnish architectural competition system is examined to understand how a peer-review process works for the judgement and selection of the best architectural design. The evaluation of criteria in the competition process is clarified to determine how architectural issues are conceived and examined by the professional jury members. The thought processes of the architect-dominated jurors are elucidated; particularly design criteria connected with practitioners' tacit knowledge and experienced eyes. Open and direct interviews were conducted with seven architects who have direct involvement in the Finnish competition processes. They represent a wide array of practitioners' role at the board of jury, from the Finnish Architects Association (SAFA) which is officially responsible for arranging major architectural competitions to invited architect and design competitors.

  • 25.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    A THEORY FOR ASSESSING QUALITY IN ARCHITECTURE COMPETITIONS2012Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, ISSN 1102-5824, nr 1, s. 149-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    My paper has three aims. Firstly, I want to clarify the use of architectural quality as a key concept among architects in the Nordic Countries. Secondly, I will try to find out and explain how quality issues in performance are tested and investigated by experts in architectural competitions. Thirdly, I am going to present and discuss a theory for assessment in architecture and urban design based on models showing how critique is used as a tool by professional jury members in competitions. 

    The result in this article has a Nordic perspective on the competition culture and its tradition. Eighteen professionals with firsthand experience from competitions in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland have been interviewed. They represent the architect’s organization, the organizers and the competitors. 

    From the interviews, competition briefs and jury statements we get a good picture of how assessment is understood in practice. In architectural competitions the jury has to find the best proposal among the entries. The task is to single out one winner. There is a strong relationship in this case between how professionals use critique in a decision-making process, how the jury organizes its work, how the entries are judged in terms of quality and the outcome—a winner that jury members decide has the best solution to the task set forth in the competition programme. The jury statement is a written critique made at the end of the assessment. To improve future quality, the jury evaluates the competition, justifies its decision and describes any unclear design solution in the winning entry. 

  • 26.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Amputera inte uppdraget2010Ingår i: Arkitekten, ISSN 0903-2347, nr 9, s. 58-61Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Architectural Policies, Regulation and Jury Dilemmas in Architectural Competitions2011Ingår i: The architectural Competition: Research Inquiries and Experiences / [ed] Rönn, Kazemian and Andersson, Lettland: AXL BOOKS , 2011, s. 127-152Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Nordic tradition of architectural competitions is over a hundred years old and is very significant for an architect’s professional and practical external training.  Approximately one hundred competitions are arranged annually in Sweden, Norway, Demark and Finland. The majority are organized by the public sector, state promoters and local councils. The European Union’s (EU) regulations for competitions are used as a means of developing good solutions for design problems and as a tool for negotiating competitive architectural services. This has brought competitions into focus again. These regulations have been incorporated into the Swedish Public Procurement Law (LOA). When the building sector became more market oriented in the 1990s Nordic governments developed an architectural policy programme.  Architectural competitions were described in these programmes as a means of securing quality and renewal. The competition method of course raises dilemmas such as conflicting goals, roles and interests that juries must confront during the assessment process. Power is divided. Juries are composed of representatives from organizing bodies and members appointed by the Swedish Association of Architects. Organizers may choose politicians, civil servants, property developers and end-users as members of the jury. The jury’s composition reflects the different interested parties in the competition and its task is to identify the best solution for reaching the competition’s goal. It must be a united effort. The difficulty lies not only in the fact that the jury must consider the various interests in the competition but that there are always several good solutions to design problems in architecture and town planning. Choosing the winner is therefore a decision-making process riddled with doubts and genuine insecurity. All aspects of one proposal are seldom overwhelmingly better than the others. 

  • 28.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architectural Policies, Regulation and Jury Dilemmas in Architecture Competitions2010Ingår i: The Architectural Competition: Research Inquiries and Experiences / [ed] Magnus Rönn, Jonas E Andersson, Reza Kazemian, Lettland: Axl Books, 2010, s. 127-152Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 29.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architectural quality - learning from2013Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    What is quality in architecture and urban design? Practising architects need to interpret the signs of quality in order to produce good architecture. But architects also have to understand quality for judging design proposals. From this point of view quality is a key concept in architecture and urban design. Quality is inseparably linked to the relationship to the design, production, and our experience of the built environment. It is impossible to point out a winning proposal in architectural competitions without ranking their quality. The fact that judgments can change over time and differ among individuals doesn't free members of the jury from forming opinions about quality questions. Look back on origin of the concept is in important from this perspective.

  • 30.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architectural Quality in Competitions: a dialog based assessment of design proposals2010Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architectural quality in competitions: A dialogue based assessment of design proposals2011Ingår i: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 100-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is the outcome of a comprehensive study of architectural competitions in the Nordic countries (1999-2000). The vital content of the research is derived from a series of meticulously conducted interviews with key actors including 18 highly qualified and experi­enced experts from the jury members representing clients, architectural associations and competitors. The study refers to quality as a key-concept and a main source of conceiving, judg­ing and selecting a prize winner. It is possible to articulate how architectural quality issues are met by jury members; how they are being communicated; and how a winner is no­mi­nated. The study provides insight into how the concept of quality in architectural design is understood in practice. Quality is identified through design criteria in a dialogue-based assessment of architecture and urban design projects. The assumption is that the judgment and evaluation of entries in competitions are strongly connected to the leading values, norms, regulations, organizations and traditions in Scandinavia. When quality is contextually bound, the assessment becomes a question of how the solutions fit the specific plot. These issues in a competition process cause uncertainties and discrepancies in judging and selection. However, while the main role of jury members is to agree upon the most appropriate solutions, they finally succeed in designating the best entry through their cumulated tacit knowledge and well-trained eyes. Competence and consensus are therefore two essential factors that make jury members feel confident in their final choice of a winner. 

  • 32.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN FOR THE AGEING SOCIETY2015Ingår i: Nordic - Journal of Architecture, ISSN 2244-968X, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 121-122Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Deane Simpson: Young-Old: Urban Utopias of an Ageing Society.Publisher: Lars Müller Publishers, 2015. The author behind the book is Deane Simpson, architect, teacher and researcher at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture, Copenhagen, Denmark. He is also professor of architecture and urbanism at the Bergen School of Architecture, Norway. Simpson received his PhD at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland. The research presented in the book began as his doctoral dissertation.

  • 33.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Architecture, politics and dilemmas in architecture competitions2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Arkitekturtävlingen som politik och bedömningspraktik2008Ingår i: Offentlig sektor och komplexitet: om hantering av mål, strategier och profession / [ed] Adolfsson, P & Solli, R., Ungern: Studentlitteratur, 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Aspekter på arkitektonisk kvalitet1998Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna antologi innehåller uppsatser som skrivits inom skrivit inom ramen för en doktorandkurs om arkitektonisk kvalitet vid Arkitekturskolan, institutionen arkitekturens form och teknik. Antologin innehåller nio uppsatser som belyser kvalitet i arkitektur som begrepp, mål, metod, värde, egenskap, kunskap och källa till sinnlig upplevelse.

  • 36.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Att bedöma arkitektonisk kvalitet: hur utses prisvinnare2005Ingår i: Om kvalitet i arkitektur / [ed] Rönn, Johansson, Werner, Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2005, s. 33-58Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    ATT HAMNA PÅ DEN KORTA LISTAN: – om prekvalificering till inbjudna tävlingar2012Ingår i: Kritik, ISSN 0454-5354, nr 16/17, s. 58-71Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel undersöker prekvalificeringen av arkitektkontor i samtida arkitekttävlingar i Sverige. Prekvalificeringen är ett urvalsförfarande som används av byggherrar och beställare vid inbjudna tävlingar. Prekvalificeringen börjar med att arrangören tar fram en inbjudan och annonserar om tävlingen. I inbjudan ges en översiktlig presentation av tävlingsuppgiften, de utvärderingskriterier som kommer att läggas till grund för valet av kandidater till tävlingen och vilka dokument som skall bifogas ansökan.

    Arkitektkontor som vill delta i tävlingen svarar på inbjudan med att skicka in en intresseanmälan. En grupp personer hos arrangören går sedan igenom ansökningshandlingarna och pekar ut kandidater till tävlingen. Normalt utses tre till sex kontor/team. Så ser i korthet prekvalificeringen ut i inbjudna tävlingar arrangerade av kommunala och statliga huvudmän.

  • 38.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Att kvalitetsbedöma arkitekturprojekt2007Ingår i: Den omätbara kvaliteten / [ed] Lars Strannegård, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 2007, s. 86-103Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 39.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Arkitektonisk gestaltning.
    Att kvalitetsbedöma projekt i arkitektur och stadsbyggnad: från bedömningspraktik till bedömningsteori2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns tre syften med föreliggande artikel. För det första vill jag klargöra begreppet arkitektoniskkvalitet och hur detta nyckelbegrepp kommer till uttryck i arkitektur och stadsbyggnad.För det andra är avsikten att undersöka hur kvalitetsfrågor prövas. Bedömningar av förslagi arkitekturtävlingar används som belysande exempel. Kompletterande referenser görs tillkvalitetsbedömningen av inträdesprov och granskningen av examensarbeten vid Arkitekturskolan,KTH. En tredje avsikt är att presentera en bedömningsteori och diskutera hur professionellajurymedlemmar utnyttjar kritik som grund för valet av vinnare i tävlingar.Kvalitetsbedömningar av tävlingsbidrag utgår från ett dialogbaserat förhållningssätt.Det finns en kärna av frågor inbäddade i kriterier som professionella juryledamöter använderför att identifiera förtjänster, oklarheter och brister. Tävlingsförslagens kvaliteter klargörs i enarkitekturkritisk bedömningsprocess som följer ett typiskt mönster.Forskningsresultatet baseras på studier av litteratur, program, tävlingsdokument och intervjuerav 18 erfarna praktiker från Sverige, Danmark, Norge och Finland med förstahandserfarenheterfrån flera hundra arkitekturtävlingar. Informanterna representerar tävlingssystemetstre nyckelaktörer: arrangören, tävlande arkitekter och arkitektorganisationen, som förvaltartävlingskulturen. Informanterna förmedlar ett professionellt perspektiv på arkitekturtävlingar.Resultatet av studierna presenteras som en teori om kvalitetsbedömningar som beskriver,tolkar och förklarar hur arkitekter går till väga för att kunna peka ut en bästa helhetslösningpå tävlingsuppgifter.

  • 40.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Award-winning Industrial Architecture1996Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, nr 1, s. 37-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents industustrial building projects which have won architectural awards. The point of the articla is twofold: to reflect upon the concept of architectural quality and to discuss a few notions about design work in industrial projects. The article ends with reflections on conditions for design opinions.

  • 41.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Award-winning Industrial Architecture1996Ingår i: Nordisk arkitekturforskning, ISSN 1102-5824, nr 1, s. 37-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents industrial building projects which have won architectural awards.The point of the article is twofold: to reflect upon the concept of architectural qualityand to discuss a few notions about design work with industrial projects.

  • 42.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Bedömning av arkitektonisk kvalitet2009Ingår i: Arkitekturforskning för ett innovativt samhällsbyggande / [ed] Pehr Mikael Sällström, Stockholm: Sveriges Arkitekter , 2009, s. 57-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 43.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Begrepp, modeller och metoder: Kulturmiljökompensation i samhällsplanering2014Ingår i: Kulturarv i samhällsplaneringen - kompensation av kulturmiljövärden / [ed] Benjamin Grahn Danielson, Magnus Rönn, Stig Swedberg, Stockholm, Fjällbacka: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014, s. 83-100Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the concept, models and methods for analyzing compensation in the cultural environment. The aim is to present a theoretical basis for the discussion of compensatory activities. The discussion begins with the concept and principles for ideas about compensation in town planning. There are two different ways of seeing the need for compensating activities that have a negative impact on the landscape: On the one hand, the cultural heritage can be seen as a matter of public interest. The demand for compensation is applicable in this case for the landscape as an entity, without spatial delimitations. On the other hand, compensation measures can be directed at cultural heritage that is considered valuable by the town administration and government authorities. In this case, the demand for compensation becomes limited to objects considered to be of national interest, cultural reserves, building heritage, town planning with protection regulations or demolition bans, and local objects which are part of the national environment quality goal “Good building environment”. Both principles involve, as compared with praxis, an extensive broadening of thought about compensation when exploiting cultural environments.

     

    Four types of compensation activities are discussed. The value of the cultural environment may be compensated when:

     

    1. The same value, which is lost, is recreated at the same place.

    2. The same value, which is lost, is recreated at another place.

    3. A different value than that which is lost, is recreated at the same place.

    4. A different value than that which is lost, is recreated at another place.

     

    Compensation activities can be regulated either by agreements between the contractor/developer and the town or by decisions made by government authorities. The agreements represent a market solution. Compensation can also be the result of government decisions based on legal regulations. In town planning and urban design the actors take on different roles for compensation demands in the planning processes. An actor may take the initiative and develop suggestions for compensatory actions or may deter the recreation of the lost value. These are two active roles. The planning process also has two passive roles. An actor may revoke demands or may neglect to make a decision about a suggestion for compensation actions and hide the need for background material.

     

    The paper ends with a discussion about the conditions for creating a systematic transfer of experience with compensation activities. A prerequisite is that the assignment to analyze the quality of the cultural heritage is complemented by following up compensation activities.

  • 44.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Choosing architects for competitions: - experiences from the selection of design teams in Sweden2014Ingår i: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents results from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions. The aim is to develop knowledge of how the organizer appoints candidates to restricted competitions in Sweden. Prequalification is a selection procedure used early in the competition process to identify suitable candidates for the following design phase. The overall research question in the study is about how organizers identify architects / design teams. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document review and interviews of key-persons. Ten municipal and governmental competitions have been examined in the study. The invitation emerges during negotiation at the organizing body. General conditions, submission requirements and criteria for the evaluation of applications by architect firms are part of an established practice. All clients have an assessment procedure made up of two distinct stages. First they check whether applications meet the specific "must requirements" in the invitation. Thereafter follows an evaluative assessment of the candidate's professional profile, which is based on the criteria in the invitation. Reference projects and information from the referees are important sources of information in this stage. Decisive in the final assessment is the organizer's perception of the candidates' ability to produce projects of architectural quality, the ability to combine creative solutions with functional requirements and aptitude to work with developers and contractors.

  • 45.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Critique, judgement and decision in architecture competition: A theory for assessment architecture quality2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE).
    Den arkitektoniska synbilden1998Ingår i: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, nr 2, s. 97-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan vi lita på våra upplevelser av arkitektur? Är det meningsfullt att diskutera gestaltningsfrågor i termer av rätt och fel? Hur trovärdiga är uttalanden om arkitektonisk kvalitet? Det är nyckelfrågor i denna artikel. Att se arkitektur, formgivning och stadsbyggnad som konst förutsätter både ett synsätt och ett skolat omdöme. Det måste finnas någon form av utgångspunkt för kvalitetsbedömningen för att man skall kunna urskilja förebildliga lösningar på designproblem. Den arkitektoniska synbilden handlar om hur vi blir medvetna om estetisk

    kvalitet i miljön, formulerar värdeomdömen och an- vänder begrepp i samtalen om arkitektonisk kvalitet. Det är ett slags synliggörande av miljön. Att kunna peka ut god arkitektur är för mig dels en fråga om att kunna urskilja belysande exempel, dels förmåga att tolka tecken på kvalitet och dels ett fysiskt miljöskapande i samhället. I denna mening kan kvalitet framträda både som begrepp och som värde, egenskaper eller sinnliga upplevelser av byggnadsverk ritade av yrkes- utövande arkitekter.

  • 47.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Den prekvalificerade tävlingen – hur utses arkitekter till inbjudna arkitekttävlingar?2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report presents findings from a study of prequalification in architectural competitions. The aim was to develop knowledge of how organizers select architects/teams to invited competitions. Prequalification is a procedure of selection used early in the competition process for identifying suitable candidates for the following design phase. Usually three to six architectural firms/teams are invited to develop design solutions for the competition task. The research question is about how the organizers find these candidates.

     

    There are ten competitions examined in the study. Five municipal competitions and five organised by government clients. The reason for the selection of cases is that the public sector is a major organizer of competitions in Sweden. The methodology of the investigation is a combination of mapping, case studies and document review. Results show that there are 375 applications from architects in the competitions. 43 architect firms/teams (11 %) have been invited to competitions. The vast majority of the applications (84 %) came from Sweden. This is explained by the fact that organizers require Swedish as the competition language.

     

    All the organizers used a selection process that included two distinct phases. The clients start by checking whether the applications meet the requirements specified in the invitation. This is followed by an evaluative phase with assessment of the architectural offices professional profile, supported by relevant reference projects and personal references. Decisive in the final assessment is the organizer’s evaluation of the candidates’ ability to produce the project with architectural quality, to combine creative solutions with functional demands and to cooperate with developers and contractors. The assessment in the second evaluative phase is performed with the support of three different methods: voting among reviewers, scoring merits in applications or by an overall assessment of candidates.

  • 48.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    DESIGN VERSUS ECONOMY: ON PREQUALIFICATION IN DEVELOPER COMPETITIONS2016Ingår i: AESTHETICS – THE UNEASY DIMENSION IN ARCHITECTURE / [ed] Magnus Rönn and Anne Elisabeth Toft, Trondheim: Nordic Academic Press of Architectural Research , 2016, s. 59-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents results from a research project studying prequalification for restricted developer competitions aimed at housing in Sweden. The methodology includes an inventory of competitions, case studies, document reviews, and interviews with members in the organizers’ selection committees. The case studies comprise three restricted developer competitions in Danderyd, Nacka, and Trelleborg organized by the respective municipalities.

     

    The design teams are selected by prequalification in restricted competition. The organizer starts prequalification by inviting candidates to the competition. The organizer’s invitation contains a short description of the competition task, the aim of the competition and the conditions, submission requirements, and criteria for the evaluation of applications. The essential demands are general and based on Swedish law on public procurement. The evaluation criteria are experience-based and reflect professional merits for the competition.

     

    The three developer competitions generated a total of sixteen applications from candidates, teams of constructors, and developers in cooperation with architect firms. The lead applicant was the constructor or developer – not the architect firm. Eleven design teams were invited to the developer competitions after prequalification.

     

    Winners in developer competitions receive building permits and can implement their proposal, either by purchasing the land or acquiring the leasehold. Building costs (economy) and design quality (aesthetics) are key factors for organizers. The invited teams generally take part in the developer competitions at their own expense. This was the case for two of the competitions studied here, while in one the invited teams each received 50,000 SEK for their design proposals, which is very low compensation for design proposals as compared with architecture competitions.

     

    The organizers were pleased with the information in the candidates’ applications and the selection committees were easily able to choose teams for the competitions, which can be explained by the low number of applications. According to the selection committees, the prequalification process worked well, although the organizers had expected wider interest from the building sector and more applications from constructors and developers.

  • 49.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Designomdömen och industrihusprojekt1995Ingår i: Vest: Tidskrift för Vetenskapsstudier, ISSN 0283-6025, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 61-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel bygger på en förstudie om industriakritektur. I artikeln granskas industrihusprojekt i Norden som tilldelats arkitekturpriser. Syftet med artikel är dels att diskutera industriarkitektur och kvalitets och dels att reflektera över designteoretiska aspekter på arkitekturbegrepppet. Artikeln avslutas med en diskussionen om arkitektoniska kvalitet och utgångspunkt från desingområden i prisbelönta industrihusprojekt

  • 50.
    Rönn, Magnus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur.
    Det mångtydiga kvalitetsbegreppet2005Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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