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  • 1.
    Hong, Xuezhi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). South China Normal Univ, ZJU SCNU Joint Res Ctr Photon, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Zhang, Lu
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Pang, Xiaodan
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab). RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Ozolins, Oskars
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Guo, Changjian
    South China Normal Univ, ZJU SCNU Joint Res Ctr Photon, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Nordwall, Fredrik
    Tektronix AB, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Engenhardt, Klaus M.
    Tektronix GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany..
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Xiao, Shilin
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, State Key Lab Adv Opt Commun Syst & Networks, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    200-Gbps DMT Transmission over 1.6-km SSMF with A Single EML/DAC/PD for Optical Interconnects at C-Band2017In: 43RD EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL COMMUNICATION (ECOC 2017), IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on the first experimental demonstration of 200-Gbps (net rate 166.7-Gbps) 1.55-mu m DMT IMDD transmission over 1.6 km fiber using a single monolithically-integrated-EML, DAC and photodiode, achieving an effective electrical spectrum efficiency of 4.93 bit/s/Hz.

  • 2.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Navarro, Jaime Rodrigo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Networking and Transmission Laboratory (NETLAB), Acreo Swedish ICT, AB, SE-16425, Kista, Sweden.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Louchet, Hadrien
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Laser Frequency Noise in Coherent Optical Systems: Spectral Regimes and Impairments2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, article id 844Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coherent communication networks are based on the ability to use multiple dimensions of the lightwave together with electrical domain compensation of transmission impairments. Electrical-domain dispersion compensation (EDC) provides many advantages such as network flexibility and enhanced fiber nonlinearity tolerance, but makes the system more susceptible to laser frequency noise (FN), e.g. to the local oscillator FN in systems with post-reception EDC. Although this problem has been extensively studied, statistically, for links assuming lasers with white-FN, many questions remain unanswered. Particularly, the influence of a realistic non-white FN-spectrum due to e.g., the presence of 1/f-flicker and carrier induced noise remains elusive and a statistical analysis becomes insufficient. Here we provide an experimentally validated theory for coherent optical links with lasers having general non-white FN-spectrum and EDC. The fundamental reason of the increased susceptibility is shown to be FN-induced symbol displacement that causes timing jitter and/or inter/intra symbol interference. We establish that different regimes of the laser FN-spectrum cause a different set of impairments. The influence of the impairments due to some regimes can be reduced by optimizing the corresponding mitigation algorithms, while other regimes cause irretrievable impairments. Theoretical boundaries of these regimes and corresponding criteria applicable to system/laser design are provided.

  • 3.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Sweden.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Sweden.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics.
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics.
    Low Complexity Timing Recovery Algorithm for PAM-8 in High Speed Direct Detection Short Range Links2017In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, Volume Part F40-OFC 2017, 2017, IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a low complexity timing algorithm for high order PAM. Experimental results demonstrate higher performance and lower complexity than conventional algorithms in a 32 Gbaud PAM-8 transmission over 4 kin SMF links.

  • 4.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    RISE ACREO AB.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Nordwall, Fredrik
    Zibar, Darko
    Jacobsen, Gunnnar
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Influence of Lasers with Non-White Frequency Noise on the Design of Coherent Optical Links2017In: 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, OFC 2017 - Proceedings, 2017, article id 7937006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally demonstrate for a 28 Gbaud 64-QAM metro link that the LO frequency noise causes timing impairment. Results show the existence of LO frequency noise spectrum regimes where different design criteria apply.

  • 5.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    et al.
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Pang, Xiaodan
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch ICT, Stockholm, Sweden.;KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch SCI, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Westergren, Urban
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH.
    Nordwall, Fredrik
    Tektronix AB, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Engenhardt, Klaus M.
    Tektronix GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany..
    Chen, Jiajia
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Photonics.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    RISE Acreo AB, Networking & Transmiss Lab, Kista, Sweden..
    100 Gbaud 4PAM Link for High Speed Optical Interconnects2017In: 43RD EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON OPTICAL COMMUNICATION (ECOC 2017), IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate 100 Gbaud 4PAM transmission over 400 meters SMF with monolithically integrated 1550 nm DFB-TWEAM having 100 GHz 3-dB bandwidth with 2 dB ripple. We evaluate its capabilities to enable two lanes 400 GbE client-side links for optical interconnects.

  • 6.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Olmedo, Miguel Iglesias
    Ozolins, Oskars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Kista Photonics Research Center, KPRC. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics.
    Advanced Modulations and DSP Enabling High-speed Coherent Communication Using Large Linewidth Lasers2016In: 2016 PROGRESS IN ELECTROMAGNETICS RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM (PIERS), IEEE , 2016, p. 4849-4849Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. ACREO Swedish ICT.
    Phase Noise Tolerant Modulation Formats and DSP Algorithms for Coherent Optical Systems2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Coherent detection together with multilevel modulation formats has the potential to significantly increase the capacity of existing optical communication systems at no extra cost in signal bandwidth. However, these modulation formats are more susceptible to the impact of different noise sources and distortions as the distance between its constellation points in the complex plane reduces with the modulation index. In this context, digital signal processing (DSP) plays a key role as it allows compensating for the impairments occurring during signal generation, transmission and/or detection relaxing the complexity of the overall system. The transition towards pluggable optical transceivers, offers flexibility for network design/upgrade but sets strict requirements on the power consumption of the DSP thus limiting its complexity. The DSP module complexity however, scales with the modulation order and, in this scenario, low complex yet high performance DSP algorithms are highly desired.

    In this thesis, we mainly focus on the impact of laser phase noise arising from the transmitter and local oscillator (LO) lasers in coherent optical communication systems employing high order modulation formats. In these systems, the phase noise of the transmitting and LO lasers translate into phase noise in the received constellation impeding the proper recovery of the transmitted data. In order to increase the system phase noise tolerance, we firstly explore the possibility of re-arranging the constellation points in a circularly shaped mQAM (C-mQAM) constellation shape to exploit its inherent phase noise tolerance. Different low-complex carrier phase recovery (CPR) schemes applicable to these constellations are proposed along with a discussion on its performance and implementation complexity. Secondly, the design guidelines of high performance and low complex CPR schemes for conventional square mQAM constellations are presented. We identify the inherent limitation of the state-of-the-art blind phase search (BPS) carrier phase recovery algorithm which hinders its achievable performance and implementation complexity and present a low complex solution to overcome it. The design guidelines of multi-stage CPR schemes for high order modulation formats, where the BPS algorithm is employed at any of the stages, are also provided and discussed. Finally, the interplay between the received dispersed signal and the LO phase noise is analytically investigated to characterize the origin of the equalization enhanced phase noise phenomena.

  • 8.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Design of Multi-Stage Carrier Phase Recovery Schemes for  high  order  Coherent  Optical  mQAM  SystemsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Acreo Swedish ICI'AB, Sweden.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Acreo Swedish ICI'AB, Sweden.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Pang, X.
    Ozolins, O.
    Nordwall, F.
    Louchet, H.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics.
    Jacobsen, G.
    High performance and low complexity carrier phase recovery schemes for 64-QAM coherent optical systems2017In: 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition, OFC 2017 - Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally validate two novel CPR schemes outperforming existing CPRs in complexity and performance. A complexity reduction of at least a factor of 4 is reported compared to the BPS algorithm for a 64QAM system.

  • 10.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Acreo Swedish, Sweden.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Acreo Swedish, Sweden.
    Fredrik, Nordwall
    Louchet, Hadrien
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnnar
    High Performance and Low Complexity Carrier Phase Recovery Schemes for 64-QAM Coherent Optical Systems2017In: Optics InfoBase Conference Papers, Optical Society of America, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We experimentally validate two novel CPR schemes outperforming existing CPRs in complexity and performance. A complexity reduction of at least a factor of 4 is reported compared to the BPS algorithm for a 64QAM system.

  • 11.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI).
    Pang, Xiaodan
    RISE ACREO AB.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Udalcovs, Aleksejs
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnnar
    Blind  phase  search  with  angular  quantization  noise mitigation for efficient carrier phase recovery2017In: Photonics, ISSN 2304-6732, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The inherent discrete phase search nature of the conventional blind phase search (C-BPS) algorithm is found to introduce angular quantization noise in its phase noise estimator. The angular quantization noise found in the C-BPS is shown to limit its achievable performance and its potential low complexity implementation. A novel filtered BPS algorithm (F-BPS) is proposed and demonstrated to mitigate this quantization noise by performing a low pass filter operation on the C-BPS phase noise estimator. The improved performance of the proposed F-BPS algorithm makes it possible to significantly reduce the number of necessary test phases to achieve the C-BPS performance, thereby allowing for a drastic reduction of its practical implementation complexity. The proposed F-BPS scheme performance is evaluated on a 28-Gbaud 16QAM and 64QAM both in simulations and experimentally. Results confirm a substantial improvement of the performance along with a significant reduction of its potential implementation complexity compared to that of the C-BPS.

  • 12.
    Rodrigo Navarro, Jaime
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Acreo Swedish, Sweden.
    Pang, Xiaodan
    Kakkar, Aditya
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Ozolins, Oskars
    Schatz, Richard
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Jacobsen, Gunnar
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
    Adaptive Boundaries Scheme for Cycle-Slip Mitigation in C-mQAM Coherent Systems2015In: IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, ISSN 1041-1135, E-ISSN 1941-0174, Vol. 27, no 20, p. 2154-2157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a method for cycle-slip mitigation in circular multilevel quadrature amplitude modulation (C-mQAM) coherent optical systems, with constellation rotational asymmetry, based on an adaptive boundaries approach. The impact of cycle-slips in C-mQAM coming from Viterbi-Viterbi algorithm limits the phase noise tolerance. By introducing adaptive boundaries and a differential coding scheme, the ambiguity of asymmetrical rotation of constellation can be effectively removed. Performance of the proposed method is evaluated for a C-16QAM and C-64QAM for various laser linewidths. Results show a noticeable improvement in linewidth symbol duration product (Delta(upsilon) . T-S) tolerance compared with the previous studies on C-mQAM and mQAM constellations. The Delta(upsilon) . T-S tolerance reaches 4 x 10(-4) and 1.1 x 10(-4) for C-16QAM and C-64QAM, respectively, for 1 dB penalty at a symbol error rate of 10(-3).

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