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  • 1.
    Bruce, Carl
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Fogelström, Linda
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Paper-sheet biocomposites based on wood pulp grafted with poly(ε-caprolactone)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Biochemistry.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Hult, Karl
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Biochemistry.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Johansson, Mats
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Trey, Stacy
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Coating Technology.
    Martinelle, Mats
    KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Biochemistry.
    One-pot synthesis to functional free-standing polymer film for sensor applicationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 3. Hao, X. J.
    et al.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Jesberger, M.
    Stenzel, M. H.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Davis, T. P.
    Östmark, Emma
    KTH, Superseded Departments, Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Barner-Kowollik, C.
    Dendrimers as scaffolds for multifunctional reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer agents: Syntheses and polymerization2004In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 42, no 23, p. 5877-5890Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis and characterization of novel first- and second-generation true dendritic reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) agents carrying 6 or 12 pendant 3-benzylsulfanylthiocarbonylsulfanylpropionic acid RAFT end groups with Z-group architecture based on 1,1,1-hydroxyphenyl ethane and trimethylolpropane cores are described in detail. The multifunctional dendritic RAFT agents have been used to prepare star polymers of poly(butyl acrylate) (PBA) and polystyrene (PS) of narrow polydispersities (1.4 < polydispersity index < 1.1 for PBA and 1.5 < polydispersity index < 1.3 for PS) via bulk free-radical polymerization at 60 degreesC. The novel dendrimer-based multifunctional RAFT agents effect an efficient living polymerization process, as evidenced by the linear evolution of the number-average molecular weight (M.) with the monomer-polymer conversion, yielding star polymers with molecular weights of up to M-n = 160,000 g mol(-1) for PBA (based on a linear PBA calibration) and up to M. = 70,000 g mol(-1) for PS (based on a linear PS calibration). A structural change in the chemical nature of the dendritic core (i.e., 1,1,1-hydroxyphenyl ethane vs trimethylolpropane) has no influence on the observed molecular weight distributions. The star-shaped structure of the generated polymers has been confirmed through the cleavage of the pendant arms off the core of the star-shaped polymeric materials.

  • 4.
    Marais, Andrew
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, VinnExcellence Center BiMaC Innovation.
    Kochumalayil, Joby J.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Fogelström, Linda
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Gamstedt, E. Kristofer
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Toward an alternative compatibilizer for PLA/cellulose composites: Grafting of xyloglucan with PLA2012In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 89, no 4, p. 1038-1043Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) chains were grafted on xyloglucan substrates via ring-opening polymerization of the L-Iactide monomer. Different parameters such as the nature of the substrate (native or modified xyloglucan) and the substrate/monomer ratios were varied in the synthesis to achieve different lengths of the grafted chains. A range of experimental techniques including infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance were used to characterize the final product. Thermal analysis showed that the glass transition temperature of xyloglucan was decreased from 252 degrees C to 216 degrees C following the grafting of PLLA. The grafting of less hydrophilic chains from xyloglucan also affected the interaction with water: the PLEA-grafted xyloglucan was insoluble in water and the moisture uptake could be decreased by about 30%. Xyloglucan adsorbs strongly to cellulose; therefore such a graft copolymer may improve the compatibility between cellulose fibers and PLLA. The PLEA-grafted xyloglucan may be useful as a novel compatibilizer in fiber-reinforced PLEA composites.

  • 5.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Dendrimers: Synthesis, Characterization and Use in Thiol-Ene Networks2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     Dendrimers are perfectly branched, well-defined macromolecules with a layered structure and a large amount of peripheral end groups. The high functionality in combination with the possibility of dendrimers to adopt a globular shape at high molecular weights, gives them very unique properties.In this work dendrimers up to fifth generation based on 2,2-bis(methylol)propionic acid (bis-MPA) were synthesized with different core structures. The core moieties were chosen in aspects of functionality and flexibility and the impact of the core on the physical and rheological properties was studied. By using the divergent growth approach dendrimers with acetonide, hydroxyl, allyl ether and methacrylate end groups were obtained.The bulk properties of the acetonide- and hydroxyl- terminated dendrimers were investigated with a rheometer. Temperature sweep tests were performed on the acetonide protected dendrimers in a temperature range of -50 up to 120°C at a constant frequency of 1 Hz. It was observed that the glass transition temperature (Tg) increased with increasing generation and that the modulus dropped without a trace of rubbery plateau for lower generations. This lack of rubbery plateau is due to the absence of entanglements between dendrimers. Interestingly, a small rubbery plateau was visible for generation five which implies enhanced interactions between the dendrimers. This behaviour suggests to be strongly influenced by the structural collapse at higher generations. Further, frequency sweep tests were performed on hydroxyl functional dendrimers at different temperatures. The results revealed Newtonian properties for lower generations and shear-thinning behaviour for higher generations at high frequency.Furthermore, this research involves the creation of well-defined thiol-ene networks by incorporation of allyl ether or methacrylate functional dendrimers in thermosets. This was accomplished by using two trithiols of different molecular weights and react them with the enes under UV irradiation. The thiol-methacrylate crosslinking reaction resulted in inhomogeneous films with and residual unsaturations. The thiol-ene films based on allyl ether dendrimers, on the contrary, resulted in homogeneous films with intermolecular couplings between the ene and the thiol being the dominant mode of polymerization.  

  • 6.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malmström, Eva E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Physical and Rheological Behaviour of Aliphatic Polyester Dendrimers in Bulk and the Effect of Polar End GroupsManuscript (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malmström, Eva E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Synthesis and Physical and Rheological Characterization of Aliphatic Polyester Dendrimers with Different Core Structures2008In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malmström, Eva E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Trey, Stacy
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Dendrimers in Thiol-ene Crosslinked Networks and the Effect on Subsequent Generations on Thermoset Properties2009In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 589-601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of well-defined allyl-ether functionalized polyester dendrimers has been synthesized via the divergent approach using traditional esterification reactions. Two commercially available trifunctional thiols, trimethylolpropane tri(3-mercaptopropanoate) (TRIS) and ethoxylated trimethylolpropane tri(3-mercaptopropanoate) (ETTMP), were incorporated with the dendrimers into the thiol-ene polymer networks. The thiol-ene reactions were conducted at room temperature and cured by UV light without the addition of photoinitiatior. Highly crosslinked films were obtained and characterized with respect to mechanical (DMA) and thermal (DSC and TGA) properties.

  • 9.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malmström, Eva E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Trey, Stacy
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Methacrylated Dendrimers in Thiol-Methacrylate Networks and the Effect of Conversion on the Thermoset Properties2009In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 47, no 21, p. 5815-5826Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of well-defined methacrylate-functionalized polyester dendrimers based on 2,2-bis(methylol)propionic acid (bis-MPA) has been synthesized divergently. The thermal properties and conversion of the methacrylate functional dendrimers are investigated along with the structure-property relationship of networks composed of the methacrylate dendrimers and two commercially available trifunctional thiols, trimethylolpropane tri(3-mercaptopropanoate) (TRIS) and ethoxylated trimethylolpropane tri(3-mercaptopropanoate) (ETTMP). The thiol-methacrylate reactions were conducted at room temperature, under ambient conditions, and triggered by UV light in the presence of a photoinitiator. Crosslinked films were obtained and characterized with respect to conversion (FT-Raman) and thermal (DSC and TGA) properties.

  • 10.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Simpson, Neil
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malmström, Eva E.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Synthesis and Thiol-Ene Photopolymerization of Allyl Ether Functionalized Dendrimers2008In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 0887-624X, E-ISSN 1099-0518, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 1339-1348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-defined, allyl-ether functional, first-generation dendrimers have been synthesized. The convergent growth approach was utilized, using the anhydride of the allyl-ether terminated building block. Three different core moieties were used: trimethylolpropane, trisphenol, and ditrimethylolpropane. The coupling reactions proceeded in good yields and all compounds were characterized by NMR, MALDI-TOF, and SEC. The allyl-terminated dendrimers were crosslinked by thiol-ene chemistry, using a multifunctional thiol, TriThiol, to give clear and smooth films. The photopolymerization was conducted in the presence of a photoinitiator, Irgacure 651, and no traces of either allyl-ether groups or thiols were observed by FT-Raman after cure. All crosslinked films were characterized with respect to mechanical (DMA) and thermal (DSC) properties. It was found that homogeneous networks were formed and that the core functionality and structure had little effect on the network properties.

  • 11.
    Trey, Stacy M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Malmström, Eva
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Johansson, Mats K. G.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Thiol-ene networks and reactive surfaces via photoinduced polymerization of allyl ether functional hyperbranched polymers2010In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 68, no 1-2, p. 151-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of allyl ether functionalized hyperbranched (HB) polyester of three generations was synthesized from commercially available Boltorn (R). These modified HB polymers were homopolymerized to form films with a large number of residual allyl ether groups available for post-film formation reactions. Additionally, the polyester multifunctional molecules were cured with a di and tetrathiol monomer in a one to one molar ratio to determine the effect of conversion on the resulting network thermal and physical properties. The same UV-cure chemistries were carried out with a similar second generation polyester dendrimer for comparison. This was in an effort to determine if there is any significant difference in the film chemical conversion and properties with dendrimers in comparison to HB molecules. The highly crosslinked films were obtained and characterized with respect to physical (DMTA) and thermal (DSC and TGA) properties.

1 - 11 of 11
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