Change search
Refine search result
1 - 12 of 12
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Polyester scaffold: Material design and cell-protein-material interaction2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Tissue engineering has emerged as a valid approach for the regeneration and restoration of bone defects. The concept of bone tissue engineering includes degradable scaffolds, osteogenic cells and osteoinductive growth factors either alone or in any combination of these three. The scaffold bulk material and its design, in particular, are essential for reaching clinically relevant treatments. It is essential that the scaffold is biocompatible and acts as a temporary extra-cellular matrix with a porous 3-dimensional structure, supporting adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of osteogenic cells. Yet another criterion of the scaffold is that is must have sufficient mechanical stability to maintain structural integrity and protect the cells with a gradual transfer of mechanical load to the developing tissue. At the same time, the scaffolds needs to be bioresorbable with a controllable degradation rate depending on its application and the rate of tissue regrowth.

    In this thesis, aliphatic polyester scaffolds have been modified and shown to be suitable for bone tissue engineering applications. In addition, a new microfluidic device for live imaging of cell behavior within porous 3-dimensional scaffolds has been developed.

              Highly porous and degradable aliphatic polyester scaffolds with varying pore sizes and interconnected pores were fabricated. The polyesters assayed were random co-polyesters poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) [poly(LLA-co-CL)] and poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO] and the homopolymer poly(L-lactide) [poly(LLA)]. The inherently different polymers yielded scaffolds with a wide range of properties with respect to surface chemistry, thermal properties, mechanical stability and degradation rate.

    The polyester scaffolds were shown to support the increased proliferation of bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSC) as well as enhanced osteogenic differentiation, with increased levels of osteocalcin gene expression, which emphasized their potential to act as cells carriers in bone tissue engineering. The potential of poly(LLA-co-CL) scaffolds and common biomedical polyesters in bone tissue engineering was further enhanced by surface functionalization. This involved two different methods of immobilization of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), a potent bone-growth-inducing factor, to the assayed polyesters. The first method used BMP-2 immobilized to heparin functionalized polyesters, while the second method covalently bonded BMP-2 to grafted linker groups on polyesters. Both immobilization techniques retain the bioactivity of BMP-2, and growth-factor-modified polyesters showed an increasing expression of osteogenic genes and production of osteocalcin in osteoblasts-like cells as well as increased proliferation in the mouse cell line, C3H10T1/2.

    The rate of degradation of electron-beam-sterilized polyester scaffolds and the subsequent loss of mechanical stability were strongly dependent on the chemical, physical and macroscopic architecture of the samples. The degradation rate and loss of mechanical integrity were much greater in porous scaffolds with hydrophilic co-monomers. By incorporating hydrophobic co-monomers with a limited ability to crystalize instead of hydrophilic co-monomers, the mechanical stability was retained for a longer time during the degradation process.

    The polyester supported spreading and flattened the morphology of both BMSC and osteoblast-like cells. The early cell adhesion to synthetic surfaces is mainly governed by the proteins adsorbed from its surrounding fluids. Early adhesion of BMSC to blood-plasma-coated polyesters was limited, despite the ability of the polyesters to adsorb adhesive proteins and expression of appropriate integrins on BMSC. However, adhesion to a purified adhesive matrix protein on the polyesters did occur, suggesting that pretreatment of polyester scaffolds with adhesive proteins or peptides is a feasible way to enhance the efficiency of cell loading into polyester scaffolds. 

                           Polyester scaffolds were combined with microfluidics and soft lithography to develop a new method for high-resolution imaging of live cells within porous scaffolds. The microfluidic device was used to frequently follow live cell proliferation and differentiation on the same spatial location within 3-dimansional porous scaffolds over a period of more than four weeks. This device is attractive for the evaluation of cells and materials intended for tissue engineering.

    We conclude that degradable aliphatic co-polyester scaffolds carefully designed with respect to macroscopic structure, bulk material and surface chemistry are able to meet the specific requirements of various bone tissue engineering applications. In addition, microfluidic devices permit reoccurring high resolution imaging of live cells within porous scaffolds and have a potential as a method of evaluating tissue engineering constructs.

  • 2.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Patarroyo, Manuel
    Institutionen for Odontologi, Karolinska Institute.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Insititutt for klinisk Odontologi, Medicinska och Odontologiska Fakulteten, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Integrin-mediated adhesion of human mesenchymal stem cells to extracellular matrix proteins adsorbed to polymer surfaces2012In: Biomedical Materials, ISSN 1748-6041, E-ISSN 1748-605X, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 035011-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In vitro, degradable aliphatic polyesters are widely used as cell carriers for bone tissue engineering, despite their lack of biological cues. Their biological active surface is rather determined by an adsorbed layer of proteins from the surrounding media. Initial cell fate, including adhesion and proliferation, which are key properties for efficient cell carriers, is determined by the adsorbed layer of proteins. Herein we have investigated the ability of human bone marrow derived stem cells (hBMSC) to adhere to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, including fibronectin and vitronectin which are present in plasma and serum. hBMSC expressed integrins for collagens, laminins, fibronectin and vitronectin. Accordingly, hBMSC strongly adhered to these purified ECM proteins by using the corresponding integrins. Although purified fibronectin and vitronectin adsorbed to aliphatic polyesters to a lower extent than to cell culture polystyrene, these low levels were sufficient to mediate adhesion of hBMSC. It was found that plasma- and serum-coated polystyrene adsorbed significant levels of both fibronectin and vitronectin, and fibronectin was identified as the major adhesive component of plasma for hBMSC; however, aliphatic polyesters adsorbed minimal levels of fibronectin under similar conditions resulting in impaired cell adhesion. Altogether, the results suggest that the efficiency of aliphatic polyesters cell carriers could be improved by increasing their ability to adsorb fibronectin.

  • 3.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Edlund, Ulrica
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Insititutt for klinisk Odontologi, Medicinska och Odontologiska Fakulteten, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Enhanced Osteoconductivity of Degradable co-Polyester Scaffolds through Covalent Immobilization of BMP-2Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Schander, K.
    Hakkarainen, Minna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Arvidson, K.
    Mustafa, K.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    In vitro and in vivo degradation profile of aliphatic polyesters subjected to electron beam sterilization2011In: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 2035-2046Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Degradation characteristics in response to electron beam sterilization of designed and biodegradable aliphatic polyester scaffolds are relevant for clinically successful synthetic graft tissue regeneration Scaffold degradation in vitro and in vivo were documented and correlated to the macroscopic structure and chemical design of the original polymer The materials tested were of inherently diverse hydrophobicity and crystallinity poly(L-lactide) (poly(LLA)) and random copolymers from L-lactide and epsilon-caprolactone or 1.5-dioxepan-2-one, fabricated into porous and non-porous scaffolds After sterilization, the samples underwent hydrolysis in vitro for up to a year In vivo, scaffolds were surgically implanted into rat calvarial defects and retrieved for analysis after 28 and 91 days In vitro, poly(L-lactide-co-1, 5-dioxepan-2-one) (poly(LLA-co-DXO)) samples degraded most rapidly during hydrolysis, due to the pronounced chain-shortening reaction caused by the sterilization. This was indicated by the rapid decrease in both mass and molecular weight of poly(LLA-co-DXO). Poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (poly(LLA-co-CL)) samples were also strongly affected by sterilization, but mass loss was more gradual; molecular weight decreased rapidly during hydrolysis Least affected by sterilization were the poly(LLA) samples, which subsequently showed low mass loss rate and molecular weight decrease during hydrolysis. Mechanical stability varied greatly. poly(LLA-co-CL) withstood mechanical testing for up to 182 days, while poly(LLA) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) samples quickly became too brittle Poly(LLA-co-DXO) samples unexpectedly degraded more rapidly in vitro than in vivo. After sterilization by electron beam irradiation, the three biodegradable polymers present widely diverse degradation profiles, both in vitro and in vivo. Each exhibits the potential to be tailored to meet diverse clinical tissue engineering requirements

  • 5.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Gladnikoff, Micha
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Frisk, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Zelenina, Marina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Russom, Aman
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Development of a novel microfluidic device for long-term in situ monitoring of live cells in 3-dimensional matrices2012In: Biomedical microdevices (Print), ISSN 1387-2176, E-ISSN 1572-8781, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 885-893Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the latest innovations in microfabrication technology, 3-dimensional microfluidic cell culture systems have been developed as an attractive alternative to traditional 2-dimensional culturing systems as a model for long-term microscale cell-based research. Most microfluidic systems are based on the embedding of cells in hydrogels. However, physiologically realistic conditions based on hydrogels are difficult to obtain and the systems are often too complicated. We have developed a microfluidic cell culture device that incorporates a biodegradable rigid 3D polymer scaffold using standard soft lithography methods. The device permits repeated high-resolution fluorescent imaging of live cell populations within the matrix over a 4 week period. It was also possible to track cell development at the same spatial location throughout this time. In addition, human primary periodontal ligament cells were induced to produce quantifiable calcium deposits within the system. This simple and versatile device should be readily applicable for cell-based studies that require long-term culture and high-resolution bioimaging.

  • 6.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Gladnikoff, Micha
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Frisk, Thomas
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Zelenina, Marina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Insititutt for klinisk Odontologi, Medicinska och Odontologiska Fakulteten, Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Russom, Aman
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Cell Physics.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Development of Novel Microfluidic Device for Long-Term in situ Monitoring of Live Cells in 3-dimensional MatricesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 7. Idris, Shaza B.
    et al.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Bolstad, Anne Isine
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Biocompatibility of Polyester Scaffolds with Fibroblasts and Osteoblast-like Cells for Bone Tissue Engineering2010In: Journal of bioactive and compatible polymers (Print), ISSN 0883-9115, E-ISSN 1530-8030, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 567-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity and cytocompatibility of the developed aliphatic polyester co-polymer scaffolds: poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) and poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one). The scaffolds were produced by solvent casting and particulate leaching, and tested by direct and indirect contact cytotoxicity assays on human osteoblast-like cells and mouse fibroblasts. Cell morphology was documented by light and scanning electron microscopy. Viability was assessed by the MTT, neutral red uptake, lactic dehydrogenase and apoptosis assays. Extraction tests confirmed that the scaffolds did not have a cytotoxic effect on the cells. The cells grew and spread well on the test scaffolds with good cellular attachment and viability. The scaffolds are noncytotoxic and biocompatible with the two cell types and warrant continued investigation as potential constructs for bone tissue engineering.

  • 8. Idris, Shaza B.
    et al.
    Isine Bolstad, Anne
    Ibrahim, Saleh O.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Arvidsson, Kristina
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Global Gene Expression Profile of Osteoblast-Like Cells Grown on Polyester Copolymer Scaffolds2011In: Tissue Engineering. Part A, ISSN 1937-3341, Vol. 17, no 21-22, p. 2817-2831Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the principal goals in tissue engineering is to produce scaffold materials that will guide cells to differentiate and regenerate functional replacement tissue at the site of injury. Poly(l-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [Poly(LLA-co-DXO)], a potential scaffolding material for bone tissue engineering, has high hydrophilicity. Previous in vitro studies using human osteoblast-like cells (HOBs) demonstrated greater cytocompatibility and enhanced osteogenic differentiation when HOBs were seeded onto Poly(LLA-co-DXO) compared to Poly(llactide) [P(LLA)] scaffolds. The aim of the study was to identify the gene expression profiles of HOBs obtained from alveolar bone and grown on Poly(LLA-co-DXO) biodegradable polymer scaffolds compared to P(LLA) one. Illumina HumanWG-6 v3.0 Expression BeadChips were used for the gene expression analysis. Several genes were found as differentially expressed at 24 h and at 21 days. Expression of genes related to cell adhesion, cytoskeleton, antiapoptosis, proliferation, and bone mineralization was influenced by adding the monomer 1,5-dioxepan-2-one to the l-lactide. Genes related to three biological pathways involving Integrin, Notch, and Ras were found to be upregulated. For selected genes, results were confirmed by quantitative reverse transcriptase– polymerase chain reaction. Further, calcium content analysis revealed a significant enhancement of calcium deposition on both tested scaffolds. This observation was confirmed by Von Kossa and Alizarin Red S staining. Findings of this study are relevant to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the behavior of HOBs in bone regenerative procedure.

  • 9. Li, Yan
    et al.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Edlund, Ulrica
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    He, Xu
    Norgard, Maria
    Blomen, Eva
    Hultenby, Kjell
    Andersson, Goran
    Lindgren, Urban
    Resveratrol-conjugated poly-epsilon-caprolactone facilitates in vitro mineralization and in vivo bone regeneration2011In: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 751-758Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Incorporation of osteoinductive factors in a suitable scaffold is considered a promising strategy for generating osteogenic biomaterials. Resveratrol is a polyphenol found in parts of certain plants, including nuts, berries and grapes. It is known to increase DNA synthesis and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in osteoblasts and to prevent femoral bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. In the present study resveratrol was coupled through a hydrolysable covalent bond with the carboxylic acid groups in porous poly-epsilon-caprolactone (PCL) surface grafted with acrylic acid (AA). The osteogenic effect of this new scaffold was evaluated in mesenchymal cell culture and in the rat calvarial defect model. We found that the incorporation of resveratrol caused increased ALP activity of rat bone marrow stromal cells and enhanced mineralization of the cell-scaffold composites in vitro. After 8 weeks the calvarial defects implanted with resveratrol-conjugated PCL displayed a higher X-ray density than the defects implanted with control PCL. Bone-like structures, positively immunostained for bone sialoprotein, were shown to be more extensively formed in the resveratrol-conjugated PCL These results show that incorporation of resveratrol into the AA-functionalized porous PCL scaffold led to a significant increase in osteogenesis. (C) 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 10. Xing, Zhe
    et al.
    Xue, Ying
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Finne-Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Hellem, Solve
    Yang, Zhuang-Qun
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Comparison of short-run cell seeding methods for poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) scaffold intended for bone tissue engineering2011In: International Journal of Artificial Organs, ISSN 0391-3988, E-ISSN 1724-6040, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 432-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Constructs intended for bone tissue engineering are influenced by the initial cell seeding procedure. The seeding method should be rapid, convenient, improve cell spatial distribution, and have no negative effects on cellular viability and differentiation. This study aimed to compare the effect of short-run seeding methods (centrifuge and vortex) with a static method on the scaffolds prepared from poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) by solvent-casting particulate-leaching (SCPL) technique. Human osteoblast-like cells (HOB) were seeded by the three methods described above. The seeding efficiency was determined by attached cell numbers. Cellular proliferation was analyzed by WST-1 and dsDNA assay. Cell distribution was examined by scanning electron (SEM) and fluorescence microscopy. Expression of Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Collagen type I (Col I), Osteocalcin (OC) and Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) were determined by real time RT-PCR. Results indicated that centrifuge and vortex increased seeding efficiency and had no negative effects on cellular viability. The data obtained by the fluorescence microscope confirmed the SEM results that the vortex method improved cell distribution through the scaffolds more than the other two methods (p<0.05). The RT-PCR results showed no significant differences on the expression of mRNA between the three methods of the above markers. The vortex method was found to be a simple and feasible seeding method for the poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) scaffolds.

  • 11. Xing, Zhe
    et al.
    Xue, Ying
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Schander, Kerstin
    Ostvold, Siren
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Hellem, Solve
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Effect of endothelial cells on bone regeneration using poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) scaffolds2011In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A, ISSN 1549-3296, E-ISSN 1552-4965, Vol. 96A, no 2, p. 349-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our recent in vitro study demonstrated that endothelial cells (ECs) might influence the differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe this effect in vivo, using a rat calvarial bone defect model. BMSCs were isolated from femurs of two-donor Lewis rats and expanded in alpha-minimum essential medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum. One fifth of BMSCs were induced and differentiated into ECs in an Endothelial Cell Growth Medium-2 and then characterized by a flow cytometry. The remaining BMSCs were cultured in freshly prepared osteogenic stimulatory medium, containing dexamethasone, ascorbic acid and beta-glycerophosphate. Either BMSCs alone (BMSC-group) or co-cultured ECs/BMSCs (CO-group) were seeded into poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO)] scaffolds, cultured in spinner flasks, and then implanted into symmetrical calvarial defects prepared in recipient rats. The animals were sacrificed after 2 months. The formation of new bone was evaluated by radiography and histology and by the expression of osteogenic markers using reverse transcriptase-polymerized chain reaction (RT-PCR). To investigate vessel formation, histological staining was performed with EC's markers. The radiographical and histological results showed more rapid bone formation in the CO-than in the BMSC-group. However, the expression of EC's marker was similar on both groups by histological analysis after 2 months postoperatively. Furthermore, the CO-group exhibited greater expression of osteogenic markers as demonstrated by RT-PCR. The results are consistent with the previous in vitro findings that poly(LLA-co-DXO) scaffold might be suitable candidate for bone tissue engineering. In vivo, bone regeneration was enhanced by a construct of the polymer scaffold loaded with co-cultured cells.

  • 12. Xue, Ying
    et al.
    Dånmark, Staffan
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
    Xing, Zhe
    Arvidson, Kristina
    Albertsson, Ann-Christine
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Hellem, Solve
    Finne Wistrand, Anna
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
    Mustafa, Kamal
    Growth and differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells on biodegradable polymer scaffolds: An in vitro study2010In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, ISSN 1549-3296, Vol. 95A, no 4, p. 1244-1251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fundamental component of bone tissue engineering is an appropriate scaffold as a carrier for osteogenic cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate the response of human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) to scaffolds made of three biodegradable polymers: poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) (poly(LLA-co-CL)), poly(L-lactide-co-1,5dioxepan-2-one) (poly(LLA-co-DXO)), and poly(L-lactide) (poly(LLA)). Cellular response was evaluated in terms of attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. SEM disclosed earlier cell attachment and better spreading on poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) scaffolds than on poly(LLA) after 1 h. At 24 h and 14 days postseeding, BMSCs had spread well, forming multiple cellular layers on the scaffolds. Cell proliferation was higher on poly(LLA-co-CL) and on poly(LLA-co-DXO) than on poly(LLA) after 1 and 7 days. Cell growth cycles of BMSC were longer on the scaffolds than on coverslips. After 7 and 14 days cultivation on scaffolds, the expression of osteogenic markers such as ALP, Col I, OPN, and Runx2 were stimulated by BMSC, which indicating that poly(LLA-co-DXO), poly(LLA-co-CL), and poly(LLA) could support the osteogenic differentiation of BMSC in vitro. Poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) promoted better attachment and growth of BMSC than poly(LLA). BMSC also retained their osteogenic differentiation potential, indicating biological activity of BMSC on the scaffolds. The promising results of this in vitro study indicate that these copolymers warrant further evaluation for potential application in bone tissue engineering.

1 - 12 of 12
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf