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  • 1.
    Ahmad, Ashfaq
    et al.
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Arshad, Farzana
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Naqvi, Syeda I.
    Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan..
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Engn & Technol, ACTSENA Res Grp, Taxila 47050, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Turku, Dept Informat Technol, TUCS, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland..
    Design, Fabrication, and Measurements of Extended L-Shaped Multiband Antenna for Wireless Applications2018In: Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, ISSN 1054-4887, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 388-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article expounds a multi-band compact shaped antenna, which is based on CPW ground plane. FR-4 with a thickness of 1.6 mm is used as a substrate for the proposed antenna. The proposed antenna is capable of operating at 1.56 GHz for (Global Positioning System), 2.45 GHz (Wireless Local Area Network) and 4.49 GHz (Aeronautical Mobile Telemetry (AMT) fixed services). The efficiency at 1.56, 2.45, and 4.49 GHz is 79.7, 76.9 and 76.7%, respectively. The VSWR of the presented antenna is less than 1.5 at all the desired resonance modes, which confirms its good impedance matching. The performance of the proposed antenna is evaluated in terms of VSWR, return loss, radiation pattern and efficiency. CST (R) MWS (R) software is used for simulations. In order to validate the simulation results, a prototype of the designed antenna is fabricated and a good agreement is found between the simulated and measured results.

  • 2.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Decoupling capacitance for the power integrity of 3D-DRAM-over-logic system2012In: IEEE 13th Electronics Packaging Technology Conference (EPTC), 2011, IEEE conference proceedings, 2012, p. 590-594Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 3D-DRAM stacked over the processor is a vibrant technique in order to overcome the memory wall as well as the bandwidth wall problems. We considered a system with two DRAM dies over a single processor die. We assumed the decoupling capacitors to be placed on each DRAM die and connected to the power distribution TSV pairs, where the TSVs pass through the DRAM stack. In this paper we proposed a mathematical model for the optimum value of the decoupling capacitance on each DRAM die along with the optimum values of the effective resistance of the interconnecting power distribution TSV pairs in order to ensure the power integrity of the logic load during switching. The proposed model has a maximum of 1.1% error as compared to the Ansoft Nexxim4.1.

  • 3.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Modeling of peak-to-peak core switching noise, output impedance, and decoupling capacitance along a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs2012In: Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, ISSN 0925-1030, E-ISSN 1573-1979, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 311-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we propose an efficient and accurate model to estimate peak-to-peak core switching noise, caused by simultaneous switching of logic loads along a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs in a 3D stack of dies interconnected through TSVs. The proposed model is accurate with only a 2–3% difference in peak-to-peak core switching noise as compared to the Ansoft Nexxim4.1 equivalent model. The proposed model is 3–4 times faster than Ansoft Nexxim4.1 and uses two times less memory as compared to the Ansoft Nexxim4.1 equivalent model. In this article we also thoroughly establish design guidelines for almost flat output impedance magnitude at each stage of a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs to realize a resonance free scenario over a wide operating frequency range. We also establish decoupling capacitance design guidelines based on the optimum output impedance and critically damped supply voltage for the core logic for each stage of a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs.

  • 4.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Modeling of peak-to-peak switching noise along a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs in a 3D stack of ICs interconnected through TSVs2010In: 28th Norchip Conference, NORCHIP 2010, 2010, article id 5669473Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On-chip power supply noise has become a bottleneck in 3D ICs as scaling of the supply network impedance has not been kept up with increasing device densities and operating currents with each technology node due to limited wire resources. In this paper we proposed an efficient and accurate model to estimate peak-to-peak switching noise, caused by simultaneous switching of logic loads along a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs in a 3D stack of ICs. The proposed model is quite accurate with only 2-3% difference from Ansoft Nexxim4.1 equivalent model. The proposed model is 3-4 times faster than Nexxim4.1 as well as consumes two times less memory as compared to Nexxim4.1equivalent model. We analyzed peak-to-peak switching noise along a vertical chain of power distribution TSV pairs by varying physical dimensions of TSVs and value of decoupling capacitance. We also thoroughly investigated the peak-to-peak noise sensitivity to TSV effective inductance and decoupling capacitance.

  • 5.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Peak-to-peak Switching Noise and LC Resonance on a Power Distribution TSV Pair2010In: 2010 IEEE 19th Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, EPEPS 2010, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010, p. 173-176, article id 5642574Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How peak-to-peak switching noise as well as the LC resonance term varies by varying different circuit parameters of a power distribution TSV pair (having decoupling capacitance and logic load), within a 3D stack of ICs interconnected through TSVs.

  • 6.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Kanth, Rajeev Kumar
    Turku Centre for Computer Science .
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Fast Transient Simulation Algorithm for a 3D Power distribution Bus2010In: Proceedings of IEEE Asia Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, 2010, p. 343-350Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive transient simulations for on-chip power delivery networks are required to analyze power delivery fluctuations caused by dynamic IR and Ldi/dt drops. Speed and memory has become a bottleneck for simulation of power distribution networks in modern VLSI design where clock frequency is of the order of GHz. The traditional SPICE based tools are very slow and consume a lot of memory during simulation. The problem is further aggravated for huge networks like power distribution network within a stack of ICs inter-connected through TSVs. This type of 3D power distribution network may contain billions of nodes at a time. In this paper we proposed a faster transient simulation algorithm using visual C++. First we reduce 3D power distribution bus containing n nodes to a two terminal 7 network. Then we solve this two terminal reduced network for voltages and currents. After this, we apply back solving algorithm to the network to solve it for each of the intermediate nodes using visual C++. The proposed algorithm is quite accurate with 1-2% error when compared with Ansoft Nexxim4.1. The proposed algorithm is several times faster than Ansoft Nexxim as well as consumes significantly less memory as compared to Nexxim.

  • 7.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Kanth, Rajeev Kumar
    Turku Centre for Computer Science .
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Power distribution TSVs induced core switching noise2011In: Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging & Systems Symposium (EDAPS), 2010 IEEE, IEEE conference proceedings, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Size of on-chip interconnects as well as the supply voltage is reducing with each technology node whereas the operating speed is increasing in modern VLSI design. Today, the package inductance and resistance has been reduced to such an extent that core switching noise caused by on-chip inductance and on-chip resistance is gaining importance as compared to I/O drivers switching noise. Both on-chip inductance and skin effect are prime players at frequencies of the order of GHz. The problem is further aggravated when chips are interconnected through TSVs to form a 3D integrated stack in order to achieve low form factor and high integration density. In this paper we analysed peak core switching noise in a 3D stack of integrated chips interconnected through power distribution TSV pairs, through our comprehensive mathematical model which has been proved to be quite accurate as compared to SPICE. We analysed the effect of number of chips in a 3D stack, rise time, decoupling capacitance, and skin effect on power distribution TSVs induced core switching noise in this paper.

  • 8.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Switching Noise in 3D Power Distribution Networks: an Overview2012In: VLSI  design / [ed] Esteban Tlelo-Cuautle, Sheldon Tan, Intech , 2012, p. 209-224Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Peak-to-Peak Ground Noise on a Power Distribution TSV Pair as a Function of Rise Time in 3-D Stack of Dies Interconnected Through TSVs2011In: IEEE Transactions on Components Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 2156-3950, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 196-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply grids of integrated chips are interconnected through through-silicon vias (TSVs) in modern design techniques to form a 3-D stack in vertical direction. The load on each chip is supplied through (power/ground) TSV pairs. Accurate estimation of power/ground noise on each TSV pair of a 3-D power distribution network is necessary for a robust power supply design. The worst case noise obtained with fast switching characteristics may not be significantly accurate. The behavior of power/ground noise as a function of rise time for an inductive power distribution TSV pair with decoupling capacitance, is investigated in this paper. An equivalent rise time corresponding to resonance is presented to accurately estimate the worst case power/ground noise in the time domain. In addition noise sensitivity to decoupling capacitance and TSV inductance is evaluated as a function of rise time. We also discuss noise accumulation as a result of worst case damping factor in this paper.

  • 10.
    Ahmad, Waqar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Weerasekera, Roshan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Weldezion, Awet Yemane
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Power Integrity Optimization of 3D Chips Stacked Through TSVs2009In: ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING AND SYSTEMS, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, p. 105-108Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On-chip power distribution network model for simultaneous switching of 3D ICs stacked through TSVs to choose TSV pattern, maximum number of chips in a stack and location of the decoupling capacitor for early design trade-offs.

  • 11. Ali, Amjad
    et al.
    Jafri, Syeda I.
    Habib, Ayesha
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    RFID Humidity Sensor Tag for Low-cost Applications2017In: APPLIED COMPUTATIONAL ELECTROMAGNETICS SOCIETY JOURNAL, ISSN 1054-4887, Vol. 32, no 12, p. 1083-1088Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a low-cost, flexible, chipless Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag for humidity monitoring applications. The tag exhibits moisture sensing feature within a compact geometrical dimension of 20mm x 17.6mm. The design is loaded with 12 resonators, where each resonator represents 1 bit in the frequency domain. For the designed 12-bit tag, 11 inverted C-shaped resonators are dedicated for encoding 11-bit information in their spectral signature. An integrated meandered-shaped resonator, covered with moisture sensitive Kapton (R) HN film, functions as a 1-bit moisture sensor. It is deployed for monitoring relative humidity (RH) levels, simultaneously. The passive RFID tag is realized on Taconic TLX-0 and has an operational bandwidth of 2.62 GHz. Furthermore, the design is modeled and analyzed for multiple substrates. The performance of the sensor tag for various humidity levels indicates that it is a potential solution for inexpensive sensing applications.

  • 12.
    Ali, Mai
    et al.
    Alfaisal Univ, Dept Elect Engn, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Gia, Tuan Nguyen
    Taha, Abd-Elhamid
    Alfaisal Univ, Dept Elect Engn, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Rahmani, Amir M.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Comp Sci, Irvine, CA USA.;Vienna Univ Technol, Vienna, Austria..
    Westerlund, Tomi
    Univ Turku, Dept Future Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    Univ Turku, Dept Future Technol, Turku, Finland..
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics.
    Autonomous Patient/Home Health Monitoring powered by Energy Harvesting2017In: Globecom 2017 - 2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the design of an autonomous smart patient/home health monitoring system. Both patient physiological parameters as well as room conditions are being monitored continuously to insure patient safety. The sensors are connected on an IoT regime, where the collected data is wirelessly transferred to a nearby gateway which performs preliminary data analysis, commonly referred to as fog computing, to make sure emergency personnel and healthcare providers are notified in case patient being monitored is at risk. To achieve power autonomy three energy harvesting sources are proposed, namely, solar, RF and thermal. The design of the RF energy harvesting system is demonstrated, where novel multiband antenna is fabricated as well as an efficient RF-DC rectifier achieving maximum conversion efficiency of 84%. Finally, the sensor node is tested with different type of sensors and settings while being solely powered by a Photovoltaic (PV) solar cell.

  • 13.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Design and Analysis of Efficient and Compact Antenna for Paper Based UHF RFID Tags2008In: ISAPE 2008: THE 8TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ANTENNAS, PROPAGATION AND EM THEORY, PROCEEDINGS, VOLS 1-3 / [ed] Su D; Yan Z, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2008, p. 62-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper substrate is one of the paramount nominees for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags but at the same time it is extremely prone towards environmental changes. In this paper, antennas for UHF RFID tags on paper based substrate are investigated and analyzed for the first time to evaluate the effect of change in dielectric constant on the antenna parameters and performance. On the basis of analysis a concrete meander line antenna is proposed, designed and evaluated which has tremendous immunity towards variation in dielectric constant.

  • 14.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Evolutionary Versatile Printable RFID Antennas For "Green" Electronics2012In: Journal Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, ISSN 0920-5071, E-ISSN 1569-3937, Vol. 26, no 2-3, p. 264-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of low cost directly printable RFID tag antennas is essential for item level tracking. We present evolutionary design approach to achieve robust extremely versatile RFID antennas on paper/flexible substrates which allow a simple integration directly on, e.g., paperboard in a roll-to-roll production line. Fully integrated printed tags for "green" electronics are designed for operability in frequencies 866-868 MHz & 902-928 MHz. We present benchmarking results for various challenges of antennas in terms of ruggedness, reliability and flexing performance.

  • 15.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Performance-Optimized Quadrate Bowtie RFID Antennas For Cost-Effective and Eco-Friendly Industrial Applications2012In: Progress in Electromagnetics Research-PIER, ISSN 1559-8985, Vol. 126, p. 49-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fully integrated printed RFID antennas show potential solution for item level labeling applications. In order to accommodate the antenna during the package printing process, it is vastly preferred that antenna structures are printed on paper substrates. However, the electromagnetic properties and thickness of paper substrates are susceptible to change due to various environmental effects. Thus, adequately consistent in performance and material insensitive printed Quadrate Bowtie RFID antennas are proposed. This paper presents an in-depth efficient optimization for high performance tag antenna designs for operability in frequencies 866-868MHz & 902-928MHz. It is demonstrated that the proposed antennas can tolerate a considerable variation in the permittivity on thin paper substrates, and present benchmarking results when n across metal and water containing objects.

  • 16.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Design and Fabrication of Wideband Archimedean Spiral Antenna Based Ultra-Low Cost "Green" Modules for RFID Sensing and Wireless Applications2012In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research-PIER, ISSN 1559-8985, Vol. 130, p. 241-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A parametric analysis is performed for a wideband Archimedean spiral antenna in recognition of an emerging concept to integrate RFID along with several applications by using a single antenna. The antenna is fabricated using state-of-the-art inkjet printing technology on various commercially available paper substrates to provide the low-cost, flexible RF modules for the next generation of "green" electronics. The effects on electromagnetic characteristics of the planar Archimedean spiral antenna, due to the use of paper are investigated besides other parameters. The proposed antenna is evaluated and optimized for operational range from 0.8-3.0GHz. It exhibits exceptional coverage throughout numerous RFID ISM bands so do for other wireless applications.

  • 17.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Development and Analysis of Flexible UHF RFID Antennas For "Green" Electronics2012In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research-PIER, ISSN 1070-4698, Vol. 130, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, novel Bowtie antennas which cover complete UHF RFID band (860-960MHz), fabricated on various ultra-low-cost substrates using state-of-the-art printing technologies are investigated as an approach that aims to accommodate the antenna during the package printing process whilst faster production on commercially available paper. The proposed antenna structures are evaluated in reference to circuit and field concepts, to exhibit extreme degree of functional versatility. These antennas are developed to cater the variations which appear in electromagnetic properties and thickness of paper substrate due to various environmental effects. Computed (simulated) and well-agreed measurement results confirm a superior performance of the tag modules while stepping towards next generation of "green" tags.

  • 18.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    "Green" Wideband Log-Spiral Antenna for RFID Sensing and Wireless Applications2012In: Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, ISSN 0920-5071, Vol. 26, no 14-15, p. 2043-2050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The novel idea of integrating RFID with sensors along with other wireless applications by using single tag antenna is implemented, by fabricating proposed antenna using state-of-the-art inkjet printing technology on commercially available paper substrates. For the first time, a parametric analysis is performed for realization of planar log-spiral antenna on paper for operational range from 0.8-3.0GHz, which also exhibits excellent coverage throughout numerous RFID ISM bands, and for other wireless applications. The ANSYS HFSS tool is used to design and predict the performance of the proposed antenna in terms of radiation pattern and input impedance.

  • 19.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Two-arm Sinuous Antenna for RFID Ubiquitous Sensors and Wireless Applications2012In: Journal Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, ISSN 0920-5071, E-ISSN 1569-3937, Vol. 26, no 17-18, p. 2365-2371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time, two-arm planar sinuous antenna is demonstrated to realize the emerging concept of integrating RFID functionalities along with sensors and other wireless applications for "green" electronics. In-depth, parametric analysis is performed for the proposed antenna which is fabricated on a paper substrate using revolutionary inkjet printing technology to develop a system-level solution for ultra-low-cost mass production of multipurpose wireless tags in an approach that could be easily expanded to other microwave and wireless "cognition" applications. The proposed antenna exhibits excellent performance throughout several RFID ISM bands and for other wireless applications in its operational range from 0.8 to 3.0 GHz.

  • 20.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Feng, Yi
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    RFID antenna humidity sensor co-design for USN applications2013In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 20130003-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate for the first time an RFID tag antenna which itself is humidity sensor and also provides calibration functionality. The antenna is comprised of T-matching network and horizontally meandered lines for impedance matching and reliable near-field communication. The novel contour design provides humidity sensing, and calibration functions whilst concurrently acts as a radiating element along with quadrangular capacitive tip-loading with covered middle portion for far-field communication. The inkjet printed prototypes of the antenna provide effective ambient humidity sensing while demonstrating stable RFID communication. The antenna has a compact size of 1.1 x 10.2 cm for 902-928MHz band.

  • 21.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Robust Flexible High Performance UHF RFID Tag Antenna2009In: 2009 11TH ELECTRONICS PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE (EPTC 2009), NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, p. 235-239Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a novel Flexo, Screen and Inkjet printed rounded edges bowtie antenna with T-matching stubs on paper, Kapton (HN) and Teonex Q51 substrate. Paper is one of the paramount nominees for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, for the reason that it is one of the widely and the cheapest available substrates. Kapton (HN) and Teonex Q51 are distinguished for their flexibility and reliability. The antenna exhibits compact size with outstanding read range of 4 meters and complete coverage of UHF RFID band (860-960 MHz). The results show extreme immunity of versatile antenna against harsh environments. These antennas are flexible which give autonomy for their applications.

  • 22.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Design of Novel Paper-based Inkjet Printed Rounded Corner Bowtie Antenna for RFID Applications2010In: Sensors & Transducers Journal, ISSN 2306-8515, E-ISSN 1726-5479, Vol. 115, no 4, p. 160-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel inkjet printed rounded corner bowtie antenna with T-matching stubs on paper substrate which is the cheapest and widest available substrate. The antenna exhibits compact size with outstanding read range and complete coverage of UHF RFID band (860-960 MHz). The results show extreme immunity of proposed antenna against paper dielectric constant variation.

  • 23.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Kanth, R. K.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Akram, A.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Printable RFID antenna with embedded sensor and calibration functions2013In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings, Stockholm, Sweden, Aug. 12-15, 2013, Electromagnetics Academy , 2013, p. 567-570Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An RFID antenna with integrated humidity sensor and calibration functionality for wireless sensor network is proposed. The antenna is composed of series and shunt stubs for impedance matching and reliability for near-field communication. The innovative ladder contour structure plays the key role for humidity sensing, and sensor calibration. The quadrangular end-tip loading is employed to offer capacitance and stability for far-field communication. The prototypes of the antenna are fabricated and tested: antenna effectively senses the ambient humidity levels while demonstrating stable behavior for RFID communication. The antenna has a compact size of 1 × 10cm for 902-928 MHz RFID band.

  • 24.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Kanth, Rajeev Kumar
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS).
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Green wideband RFID tag antenna for supply chain applications2012In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 9, no 24, p. 1861-1866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we demonstrate an RFID tag antenna manufactured by advanced inkjet printing technology on paper substrate using novel hole-matching technique for reducing the consumption of substrate material and conductive ink while attaining green RFID tags. In-depth electromagnetic analysis is performed methodologically for optimizing the parameters that effectuate the antenna dimensions. The antenna design is optimized for consistent wideband performance and extended read range throughout the complete UHF RFID band (860-960MHz), while exhibiting benchmarking results when n across cardboard cartons filled with metal or water containing objects.

  • 25.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Kumar Kanth, Rajeev
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Performance-optimized Printed Wideband RFID Antenna and Environmental Impact AnalysisIn: ETRI Journal, ISSN 1225-6463, E-ISSN 2233-7326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents performance optimized RFID tag antenna, developed by using commercially accessible paper substrates and advanced inkjet printing process to guarantee mechanical flexibility and ultra-low production costs. The proposed antenna structure can endure the variations which emerge in electromagnetic properties of paper substrate due to varying environmental effects. Hole-matching technique is implemented to eliminate the matching network for reducing the consumption of conductive ink. The proposed structure is uniquely evaluated by demonstrating, sustainability and environmental impact analysis that validate the potential for ultra-low cost mass production of RFID tags for future generation of organic electronics. The antenna performance is assessed for cardboard cartons exclusively containing metal cans and water bottles. The experimental characterization of the proposed antenna endorses the wider bandwidth to cover UHF RFID ISM band (860-960MHz), which empowers its usage throughout the globe for supply chain applications. The improved design effectuates return loss of better than -15dB over a wide frequency range while exhibiting outstanding readability from 10.1 meters.

  • 26.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Low Cost Paper Based Bowtie Tag Antenna for High Performance UHF RFID Applications2009In: NANOTECH CONFERENCE & EXPO 2009, VOL 1, TECHNICAL PROCEEDINGS - NANOTECHNOLOGY 2009: FABRICATION, PARTICLES, CHARACTERIZATION, MEMS, ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS / [ed] Laudon M; Romanowicz B, BOCA RATON: CRC PRESS-TAYLOR & FRANCIS GROUP , 2009, p. 538-541Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Radio frequency identification (RFID) antenna's versatility in terms of complete coverage of UHF RFID band (860-960 MHz), while keeping the cost factor low, is an important aspect of today's growing demand for security and tracking of multiple objects in a very short time in addition to tag's readability across the globe. This paper presents a novel inkjet printed rounded corner bowtie antenna with T-matching stubs on paper substrate which is the cheapest and widest available substrate. The antenna exhibits compact size with outstanding read range.

  • 27.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Inkjet Printed Paper Based Quadrate Bowtie Antennas For UHF RFID Tags2009In: 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY, VOLS I-III, PROCEEDINGS, - UBIQUITOUS ICT CONVERGENCE MAKES LIFE BETTER!, TAEJON: ELECTRONICS TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH INST , 2009, p. 109-112Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paper substrate is one of the paramount nominees for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, for the reason that it is one of the widely and the cheapest available substrates. In this paper, for the first time quadrate bowtie antennas with round corners [1] are realized and analyzed on paper substrate for UHF RFID tags. These inkjet printed antennas exhibit high performance which give freedom for their applications. Their area is smaller than the general triangle bowtie antenna and have advantages of smaller area, better return loss in high frequency and higher gain in normal direction of antenna plane compared with general triangular bowtie antenna.d

  • 28.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chen, Qiang
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Electromagnetic Analysis of Radio Frequency Identification Antennas for Green Electronics2013In: Electromagnetics, ISSN 0272-6343, E-ISSN 1532-527X, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 319-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates in-depth electromagnetic analysis of a radio frequency identification tag antenna manufactured by inkjet printing technology on different paper substrates to achieve ultra-low cost flexible radio frequency identification tags using a novel hole-matching technique for reducing the consumption of substrate material, and conductive ink. Nevertheless, the electromagnetic properties of the paper substrate are vulnerable to various environmental effects. Thus, the proposed antenna design is optimized for consistent wideband performance throughout the complete UHF radio frequency identification band (860960 MHz) while presenting a greater degree of material insensitivity. An advanced antenna design methodological analysis is performed to accomplish an extended read range, while exhibiting benchmarking results when across cardboard cartons filled with metal or water containing objects.

  • 29.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Shao, Botao
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Hållstedt, Julius
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Prokkola, Satu
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Design and Characterization of Efficient Flexible UHF RFID Tag Antennas2009In: 2009 3RD EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2009, p. 2682-2684Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper meander line antennas with end tip loading, designed for UHF RFID tags are presented. These novel antennas are screen printed on Kapton HN for European frequency band (866-868 MHz) and for North American frequency band (902-928 MHz). Asahi ink is used for screen printing of 25 mu m thick antenna traces which remains conductive even after several times sharp bending of these tag antennas. The results show that the antennas exhibit high performance regarding smaller area, high realized gain and better return loss in the frequency band of interest. These antennas are extremely flexible which give autonomy for their applications.

  • 30.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu A.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Blueprint and integration of vastly efficient 802.11A WLAN front-end2006In: WSEAS Transactions on Electronics, ISSN 1109-9445, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 258-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Next generation wireless communications terminals will demand the use of advanced component integration processes and high density packaging technologies in order to reduce size and to increase performance. This paper presents high density multilayer interconnects and integrated passives used to design high performance prototype filter for 5GHz wireless LAN receiver realized on MCM-D substrate. The thin film implementation of Multichip Module technology is identified as a useful platform for the integration of GaAs MMIC and silicon device technologies for microwave applications where performance, size and weight are critical factors. The ability of the MCM-D technology to provide controlled impedance, microstrip structures and integrated thin film passive components with useful performance in the microwave frequency regime has now been demonstrated.

  • 31.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Jamal, Habibullah
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Duo, Xinzhong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Chip-package codesign of receiver front end modules for RF/wireless applications2005In: 2005 IEEE/ACES International Conference on Wireless Communications and Applied Computational Electromagnetics, New York: IEEE , 2005, p. 767-770Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Amin, Yasar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT. Computer Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology Taxila, Pakistan .
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    Duo, Xinzhong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Microelectronics and Information Technology, IMIT.
    SoP design on liquid crystal polymer substrate for 5 GHz RF receiver front-end module2005In: International Microelectronics and Packaging Society - 1st International Conference and Exhibition on Device Packaging 2005: Everything in Electronics Between the Chip and the System, 2005, p. 236-240Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Next generation wireless communications terminals will demand the use of advanced component integration processes and high density packaging technologies in order to reduce size and to increase performance. This paper presents highdensity multilayer interconnects and integrated passives used to design high performance prototype filter for 5GHz wireless LAN receiver realized on liquid crystal polymer (LCP) substrate. The thin film implementation of Multichip Module technology is identified as a useful platform for the integration of GaAs MMIC and silicon device technologies for microwave applications where performance, size and weight are critical factors. The ability of the MCM-D technology to provide controlled impedance, microstrip structures and integrated thin film passive components with useful performance in the microwave frequency regime has now been demonstrated.

  • 33. Anam, Hafsa
    et al.
    Habib, Ayesha
    Jafri, Syeda Irum
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Directly Printable Frequency Signatured Chipless RFID Tag for IoT Applications2017In: Radioengineering, ISSN 1210-2512, E-ISSN 1805-9600, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 139-146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a low-cost, compact, flexible passive chipless RFID tag that has been designed and analyzed. The tag is a bowtie-shaped resonator based structure with 36 slots; where each patch is loaded with 18 slots. The tag is set in a way that each slot in a patch corresponds to a metal gap in the other patch. Hence there is no mutual interference, and high data capacity of 36 bits is achieved in such compact size. Each slot corresponds to a resonance frequency in the RCS curve, and each resonance corresponds to a bit. The tag has been realized for Taconic TLX-0, PET, and Kapton (R) HN (DuPont (TM)) substrates with copper, aluminum, and silver nanoparticlebased ink (Cabot CCI-300) as conducting materials. The tag exhibits flexibility and well optimized while remaining in a compact size. The proposed tag yields 36 bits in a tag dimension of 24.5. 25.5 mm(2). These 36 bits can tag 2(36) number of objects/items. The ultimate high capacity, compact size, flexible passive chipless RFID tag can be arrayed in various industrial and IoT-based applications.

  • 34. Anwar, Hassan
    et al.
    Jafri, Syed Mohammad Asad Hassan
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Sergei, Dytckov
    Daneshtalab, Masoud
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Plosila, Juha
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic Systems.
    Exploring Spiking Neural Network on Coarse-Grain Reconfigurable Architectures2014In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 2014, p. 64-67Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, reconfigurable architectures are becoming increas- ingly popular as the candidate platforms for neural net- works. Existing works, that map neural networks on re- configurable architectures, only address either FPGAs or Networks-on-chip, without any reference to the Coarse-Grain Reconfigurable Architectures (CGRAs). In this paper we investigate the overheads imposed by implementing spiking neural networks on a Coarse Grained Reconfigurable Ar- chitecture (CGRAs). Experimental results (using point to point connectivity) reveal that up to 1000 neurons can be connected, with an average response time of 4.4 msec.

  • 35. Anzanpour, A.
    et al.
    Rahmani, Amir-Mohammad
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. University of Turku, Finland.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. University of Turku, Finland.
    Context-aware early warning system for in-home healthcare using internet-of-things2016In: 2nd International Summit on Internet of Things, IoT 360° 2015, Springer, 2016, p. 517-522Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early warning score (EWS) is a prediction method to notify caregivers at a hospital about the deterioration of a patient. Deterioration can be identified by detecting abnormalities in patient’s vital signs several hours prior the condition of the patient gets life-threatening. In the existing EWS systems, monitoring of patient’s vital signs and the determining the score is mostly performed in a paper and pen based way. Furthermore, currently it is done solely in a hospital environment. In this paper, we propose to import this system to patients’ home to provide an automated platform which not only monitors patents’ vital signs but also looks over his/her activities and the surrounding environment. Thanks to the Internet-of-Things technology, we present an intelligent early warning method to remotely monitor in-home patients and generate alerts in case of different medical emergencies or radical changes in condition of the patient. We also demonstrate an early warning score analysis system which continuously performs sensing, transferring, and recording vital signs, activity-related data, and environmental parameters.

  • 36. Aslam, B.
    et al.
    Khan, U. H.
    Azam, M. A.
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Loo, J.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Elektronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Miniaturized decoupled slotted patch RFID tag antennas for wearable health care2017In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 27, no 1, article id e21048Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a couple of two-layered RFID tag antenna designs exhibiting improved performance descriptors for on-body applications are presented. The antennas are designed to operate in the microwave band (2.4–2.48 GHz) ensuring high data transmission rates ideal for real-time subject monitoring applications. The radiating element of both the antennas is a slotted patch structure provisioned with a pair of T-shaped slots realized on a commercial FR4 substrate. The augmentation of a systematic sequence of narrow comb-like etchings into the design enhances the impedance bandwidth considerably. A high permittivity silicon layer embedded with the radiating patch provides resilience from the human body dielectric losses. A modified antenna design utilizing patch miniaturization technique, resulting in an overall footprint reduction by 32%, is also proposed. The designed tag antennas offer a gain of more than 1.8 dBi and an attractive read range greater than 6.8 m in the operating band.

  • 37. Aslam, Bilal
    et al.
    Khan, Umar Hasan
    Azam, Muhammad Awais
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics. Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Loo, Jonathan
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Turku, Finland.
    A compact implantable RFID tag antenna dedicated to wireless health care2017In: International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, ISSN 1096-4290, E-ISSN 1099-047X, Vol. 27, no 5, article id e21094Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implantable tag antennas are an integral component of contemporary pervasive patient monitoring setups envisioned to reduce the medical errors and improve the quality of health care facilities. These tags, embedded into the human body, transmit critical patient information to the external equipment via a wireless communication link. This research article presents an implantable compact folded dipole antenna of size 10 mm 3 15 mm 3 2 mm, designed to operate in the industrial-scientificmedical band (2.4-2.48GHz). A three-layered phantom representing the human arm is used to evaluate the subcutaneous antenna performance. The tag antenna embedded in the middle of the fat layer offers a maximum gain of 216.3 dBi. The tag antenna performance as a function of implant position and phantom dimensions is analyzed. Link budget calculations show that with the achieved antenna gain the link power exceeds the required power by 38.37 dBm, and hence wireless communication is viable.

  • 38. Aslam, Bilal
    et al.
    Khan, Umar Hasan
    Habib, Ayesha
    Amin, Yasar
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. Univ Engn & Technol, Pakistan.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. University of Turku, Finland.
    Frequency signature chipless RFID tag with enhanced data capacity2015In: IEICE Electronics Express, ISSN 1349-2543, E-ISSN 1349-2543, Vol. 12, no 17, article id 20150623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Frequency signature chipless RFID tag based on spurline resonator is presented in this letter. Resonant response of spurline is explained by analyzing the surface current distribution. Chipless tag consists of a data encoding circuit and two cross polarised monopole antennas. The tag has a data capacity of 16 bits in the range 2.13 to 4.1 GHz. Data capacity of data encoding circuit is enhanced by repositioning the spurlines. The prototype of the tag is fabricated on FR4 substrate. Developed tag can be used for cost effective identification of items in the industry.

  • 39. Azimi, I.
    et al.
    Anzanpour, A.
    Rahmani, A. M.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics.
    Self-aware early warning score system for IoT-based personalized healthcare2017In: International Summit on eHealth 360°, 2016, Springer, 2017, p. 49-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early Warning Score (EWS) system is specified to detect and predict patient deterioration in hospitals. This is achievable via monitoring patient's vital signs continuously and is often manually done with paper and pen. However, because of the constraints in healthcare resources and the high hospital costs, the patient might not be hospitalized for the whole period of the treatments, which has lead to a demand for in-home or portable EWS systems. Such a personalized EWS system needs to monitor the patient at anytime and anywhere even when the patient is carrying out daily activities. In this paper, we propose a self-aware EWS system which is the reinforced version of the existing EWS systems by using the Internet of Things technologies and the self-awareness concept. Our self-aware approach provides (i) system adaptivity with respect to various situations and (ii) system personalization by paying attention to critical parameters. We evaluate the proposed EWS system using a full system demonstration. © ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2017.

  • 40. Azimi, Iman
    et al.
    Rahmani, Amir M.
    Liljeberg, Pasi
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics.
    Internet of things for remote elderly monitoring: a study from user-centered perspective2017In: Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, ISSN 1868-5137, E-ISSN 1868-5145, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 273-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Improvements in life expectancy achieved by technological advancements in the recent decades have increased the proportion of elderly people. Frailty of old age, susceptibility to diseases, and impairments are inevitable issues that these senior adults need to deal with in daily life. Recently, there has been an increasing demand on developing elderly care services utilizing novel technologies, with the aim of providing independent living. Internet of things (IoT), as an advanced paradigm to connect physical and virtual things for enhanced services, has been introduced that can provide significant improvements in remote elderly monitoring. Several efforts have been recently devoted to address elderly care requirements utilizing IoT-based systems. Nevertheless, there still exists a lack of user-centered study from an all-inclusive perspective for investigating the daily needs of senior adults. In this paper, we study the IoT-enabled systems tackling elderly monitoring to categorize the existing approaches from a new perspective and to introduce a hierarchical model for elderly-centered monitoring. We investigate the existing approaches by considering the elderly requirements at the center of the attention. In addition, we evaluate the main objectives and trends in IoT-based elderly monitoring systems in order to pave the way for future systems to improve the quality of elderly's life.

  • 41.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Mendoza, David S.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zou, Zhuo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Radiom, Soheil
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Gielen, Georges
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    A remote-powered RFID tag with 10Mb/s UWB Uplink and -18.5dBm sensitivity UHF downlink in 0.18μm CMOS2009In: Digest of technical papers / IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSN 0193-6530, p. 198-199,199aArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a 10 Mb/s impulse UWB RFID tag in 0.18 mum CMOS is presented. The tag is remotely powered by a UHF signal with a minimum input RF power as low as 14.1 muW. The primary innovation is to employ two different communication links (UWB and UHF) respectively in the uplink and downlink of the tag. This is because the amount of data or instructions from a reader to a tag is small and as a result a conventional UHF-RFID link at 900MHz can be used as the downlink. The UHF signal also provides remote power to the tag. The uplink requires higher data rates and precise positioning capability therefore an l-UWB transmitter is employed.

  • 42.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Radiom, Soheil
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Vandenbosch, Guy A. E.
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Gielen, Georges G. E.
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Miniaturization of UWB antennas and its influence on UWB-transceiver performanceIn: IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques, ISSN 0018-9480, E-ISSN 1557-9670Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Shen, Meigen
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Koivisto, Tero
    Univ Turku, Dept Informat Technol.
    Peltonen, Teemu
    Univ Turku, Dept Informat Technol.
    Tjukanoff, Esa
    Univ Turku, Dept Informat Technol.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    UWB radio module design for wireless sensor networks2007In: Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, ISSN 0925-1030, E-ISSN 1573-1979, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 47-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe an impulse-based ultra wideband (UWB) radio system for wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. Different architectures have been studied for base station and sensor nodes. The base station node uses coherent UWB architecture because of the high performance and good sensitivity requirements. However, to meet complexity, power and cost constraints, the sensor module uses a novel non-coherent architecture that can autonomously detect the UWB signals. The radio modules include a transceiver block, a baseband processing unit and a power management block. The transceiver block includes a Gaussian pulse generator, a multiplier, an integrator and timing circuits. For long range applications, a wideband low noise amplifier (LNA) is included in the transceiver of the sensor module, whereas in short range applications it is simply eliminated to further reduce the power consumption. In order to verify the proposed system concept, circuit level implementation is studied using 1.5 V 0.18 mu m CMOS technology. Finally, the UWB radio modules have been designed for implementation in liquid-crystal-polymer (LCP) based System-on-Package (SOP) technology for low power, low cost and small size integration. A small low cost, double-slotted, Knight's helm antenna is embedded in the LCP substrate, which shows stable characterization and a return loss better than -10 dB over the UWB band.

  • 44.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Chip-package and antenna co-design of a tunable UWB transmitter in System-on-Package with on-chip versus off-chip passives2006In: ESTC 2006: 1st Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference: Vols 1 and 2, Proceedings, 2006, p. 291-298Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a self-powered CMOS ultra wideband radio transmitter integrated in a Liquid-Crystal Polymer (LCP) based System on Package (SoP) module with an embedded small antenna. Chip-package-antenna co-design is performed for this module in the presence of unwanted packaging parasitic effects and optimizes the transmission efficiency. Our contribution includes new modeling of the RF-package and antenna and co-optimizing the chip and package design with on-chip versus off-chip passives trade-offs. The Sop module consists of an innovative tunable low power CMOS transmitter for IR-UWB communication, a double-slotted small-size embedded UWB antenna, and a power converter. The output amplitude and duration of the transmitter can be tuned to transmit a signal meeting the FCC mask in different pulse repetition rate for long and short range applications. This ability can also be used to compensate the process and temperature variations as well as the parasitic effects of packaging and antenna. The antenna has a return loss of better than -10dB. The power converter consists of a chain of surface mounted shottkey diodes and capacitors, which converts incident electromagnetic waves to DC supply and thus power up the transmitter. The final module is implemented in LCP substrate with integrated passive components and embedded antenna. The chip part is implemented in 0.18um CMOS process.

  • 45.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Radiom, Soheil
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Vandenbosch, Guy A. E.
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Gielen, Georges
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
    Impulse UWB Antenna size reduction due to Transmitter-Antenna Co-design2008In: 2008 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ULTRA-WIDEBAND: VOL 2, PROCEEDINGS, New York: IEEE , 2008, Vol. 2, p. 37-40Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the benefit of a co-design between a modified small-size Printed Tapered Monopole Antenna (PTMA) and an Impulse Ultra Wideband transmitter Is Investigated for the 3.1-10.6GHz bond. A comparison is given between a 50 Omega design and a co-designed version. The simulation results show that with the co-design method the tunable UWB transmitter can reach the bandwidth regulation for a much smaller antenna.

  • 46.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zou, Zhuo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Mendoza, David S.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Enabling Ubiquitous Wireless Sensing by a Novel RFID-Based UWB Module2007In: The First International EURASIP Workshop on RFID Technology, RFID 2007, 24-25 September 2007, Vienna, Austria, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a novel passive CMOS module which uses two different standards in uplink and downlink. It can be used in many applications such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), and ubiquitous wireless sensing. Such as conventional RFID systems, the module captures power supply from received RF signal transmitted by a reader and extracts data and clock by using an envelope detector and PIE encoder. However, in uplink instead of back scattering, an Impulse-UWB transmitter is used to improve the system performance and throughput. The UWB communication offers several advantages to the system. A new communication protocol is proposed for the system based on slotted-ALOHA anti-collision algorithm. The module consisting of a power management unit, an RF narrowband receiver, a clock management unit, an IR-UWB transmitter, and a digital baseband are designed in 0.18 CMOS process.

  • 47.
    Baghaei Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zou, Zhuo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    A novel passive tag with asymmetric wireless link for RFID and WSN applications2007In: 2007 IEEE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS: VOLS 1-11, 2007, p. 1593-1596Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present a radio-powered module with asymmetric wireless link utilizing ultra wideband radio system for RFID and wireless sensor applications. Our contribution includes using two different standards in uplink and downlink. Such as conventional RFIDs, incoming RF signal transmitted by reader is used to power the internal circuitry and receive the data. However, in upstream link, an IR-UWB transmitter is utilized. Unlike traditional RFID systems, due to great advantages of UWB communication, this tag is very robust to multi-path fading and collision problem and it is more secure against eavesdropping or jamming. The module consists of a power scavenging unit, a RF receiver, an IR-UWB transmitter, digital baseband controller, and an embedded UWB antenna are designed for integration on Liquid-Crystal Polymer (LCP) substrate, using 0.18um CMOS process technology.

  • 48.
    Baghaei-Nejad, Majid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Zheng, Li-Rong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronic, Computer and Software Systems, ECS.
    Power management and clock generator for a novel passive UWB tag2007In: 2007 International Symposium On System-On-Chip Proceedings / [ed] Nurmi, J; Takala, J; Vainio, O, 2007, p. 82-85Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a power management and a clock generator for a novel passive UWB tag. It can be used in many applications such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), and ubiquitous wireless sensing. As same as conventional RFID, the tag captures the power from the incoming RF signal, converts to DC and stores it in a relatively big capacitor. A voltage sensor and a regulator provide stable voltage for the whole circuitry during operation mode. A clock circuitry generates a low jitter and low skew clock for ultra wideband transmitter to transmit data. In such passive system the power consumption of each block should be as low as possible. On the other hand, performance degradation across process, voltage, and temperature variation (PVT) is another problematic challenge in low power and low cost circuit implementation. In this work, the power management unit including of an RF power scavenging, a voltage sensor, a low drop out regulator and a clock generator are designed and their performance across PVT variation are analyzed. The module is designed and is fabricated in CMOS 0.18 mu m technology.

  • 49. Bao, D.
    et al.
    Zou, Zhuo
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Huan, Y.
    Zhai, Chuanying
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Bagaian, T.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK.
    Källbäck, B.
    Zheng, Lirong
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Industrial and Medical Electronics. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for Intelligence in Paper and Packaging, iPACK. State Key Laboratory of ASIC and System, Fudan University, Shanghai, China .
    A smart catheter system for minimally invasive brain monitoring2015In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices, SciTePress, 2015, p. 198-203Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper demonstrates a smart catheter system with intracranial pressure (ICP) and temperature sensing capability which is designed for real-time monitoring in traumatic brain injury (TBI) therapy. It uses a single flexible catheter with a 1 mm (3 Fr) diameter that integrates electrodes and sophisticated silicon chip on flexible substrates, enabling multimodality monitoring of physiological signals. A micro-electromechanical-system (MEMS) catheter pressure sensor is mounted on the distal end. It can be used for detecting both pressure and temperature by different switch configurations, which minimizes the size of catheter and reduces the cost. The interconnects (signalling conductors) are printed on a bio-compatible flexible substrate, and the sensor is interfaced with an embedded electronic system at the far-end. The electronic system consists of analog front end with analog-to-digital converter (ADC), a microcontroller, and data interface to the hospital infrastructure with a graphical user interface (GUI). The overall smart catheter system achieves a pressure sensing root mean square error (RMSE) of ±1.5 mmHg measured from 20 mmHg to 300 mmHg above 1 atm and a temperature sensing RMSE of ±0.08°C measured from 32°C to 42°C. The sampling rate can be up to 10S/s. The in vivo performance is demonstrated in laboratory animals.

  • 50. Ben Dhaou, I.
    et al.
    Gia, T. N.
    Liljeberg, P.
    Tenhunen, Hannu
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits.
    Low-latency hardware architecture for cipher-based message authentication code2017In: 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, article id 8050840Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cipher-based message authentication code, CMAC, is a NIST approved standard for checking message integrity and authentication. This work presents a low-latency AES architecture for CMAC. The architecture uses intensive parallel processing per round and takes advantage of the BRAM present in modern FPGA. Experimental results show that for typical IoT application, the proposed architecture has a latency of 10 clock cycles, consumes 1355 slices, 2 BRAMs and achieves a throughput of 3.8Gbps.

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