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  • 1. Coelho, S. T.
    et al.
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
    Biomass residues as electricity generation source in low HDI regions of Brazil2017In: European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings 2017, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies , 2017, Vol. 2017, no 25thEUBCE, p. 34-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, there are 1.3 billion people with no access to electricity worldwide. Almost 1 million of those are in the Brazilian Amazon region. Yet, electricity access to allow basic needs is not enough to ensure a sustainable development. Hence, it is important to understand linkages among poverty alleviation, energy access, and carbon footprint of future energy consumption patterns. The paper focuses on municipalities with the lowest HDI so as to increase energy access for households and for productive use since they are fundamental factors for income generation in poor regions. The study’s objective was to analyze the use of biomass residues as electricity generation source for productive purposes among poor households in isolated areas of Brazil. The study’s main contribution is to enable local sustainable development in low HDI regions of Brazil by using local biomass residues as primary energy source. This study is an outcome of the BREA and ECOPA projects.

  • 2. Coelho, S. T.
    et al.
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS. University of São Paulo, Institute of Energy and Environment, Research Group on Bioenergy, São Paulo, Brazil; Instituto 17, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Tudeschini, L. G.
    Goldemberg, J.
    The energy transition history of fuelwood replacement for liquefied petroleum gas in Brazilian households from 1920 to 20162018In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 123, p. 41-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Brazil, there are almost ten million people relying on traditional use of biomass for cooking, which correspond to about five percent of the country's population. The vast majority lives in poor municipalities away from urban centers. The replacement of fuelwood for LPG is the result of an intense urbanization process and governmental intervention based on price regulation and subsidies. In 2015, the energy demand for cooking in the Brazilian households was 46 TJ, LPG covered 51% of the demand and the remaining 49% relied on fuelwood to supply the demand for energy. This study shows that there are enormous variations in the level of consumption and the types of fuels used due to the regional complexity of Brazil. In addition, it also shows the transition from fuelwood for cooking to modern fuels such as LPG does follow a consistent pattern in Brazil. Decisions related to energy consumption and fuel type are strongly influenced by accessibility, affordability and the convenience of the fuel. 

  • 3. Grottera, Carolina
    et al.
    Barbier, Carine
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. Research Group on Bioenergy, Institute of Energy and Environment, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, Brazil.
    Weiss de Abreu, Mariana
    Uchôa, Christiane
    Tudeschini, Luís Gustavo
    Cayla, Jean-Michel
    Nadaud, Franck
    Pereira Jr, Amaro Olimpio
    Cohen, Claude
    Teixeira Coelho, Suani
    Linking electricity consumption of home appliances and standard of living: A comparison between Brazilian and French households2018In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 94, p. 877-888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solutions based exclusively on technology are unlikely to fully deliver a transition towards a low-carbon society. Shifts in consumption patterns and lifestyles associated with technological solutions are essential to achieve safe GHG concentration levels. Considering households' consumption patterns, residential electricity consumption represents a major issue, as it is closely related to lifestyle choices and living standards. In this context, this paper discusses how specific electricity requirements may vary across different deciles of living standard in Brazil and France. The present evaluation is based on specific electricity consumption and its corresponding carbon dioxide emissions for different home appliances used for food conservation, lighting, daily chores (e.g. cloth washing), as well as information and leisure. Results ratify, on the one hand, the significant income gap existing between French and Brazilian households. On the other hand, they show that differences regarding specific electricity requirements in the two countries are lower than intuitively expected. Hence, they evidence a converging trend in electricity requirements between the two countries, especially among higher income deciles.

  • 4.
    Gómez, Maria F
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Technology for social inclusion: the case of electricity access in the Brazilian Amazon2013In: Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, ISSN 1848-9257, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 237-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the Social Technology concept and analyses how it can support the current Brazilian rural electrification initiative. It addresses the question: ‘can Social Technology principles serve to identify concrete tasks to overcome the challenges of universal access in the Amazon? If so, how can they be effectively incorporated into the current Brazilian rural electrification initiative?’ We conclude with the identification of two concrete actions to achieve universal access in isolated areas. First, the recognition, compilation and systematization of local knowledge are important tasks ahead. Second, effective communication channels and methods are needed to spread local knowledge and support the design, implementation, and operation of innovative solutions. Participatory activities are crucial to enable these concrete actions. We highlight the role of the government at central and local levels for the purpose of setting up the appropriate environment for these changes to happen.

  • 5.
    Lönnqvist, Tomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. USP University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Sandberg, Thomas
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
    Biogas potential for sustainable transport: A Swedish regional case2015In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 108, no part A, p. 1105-1114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, practical biogas potential has been estimated in order to clarify the role of biogas in policy targets for renewable transport fuels in Sweden. The estimate of the Stockholm County biogas potential is based on a survey directed at key persons at sewage water treatment facilities, as well as official statistics, environmental reports and other sources. The results reveal that the practical biogas potential can meet the vehicle gas demand in Stockholm County by 2020, but that it may cover only 50 % of the demand by 2030. The practical potential is estimated to be 604 GWh by 2020 and 689 GWh by 2030. Fossil gas, biogas from neighboring regions, and/or methane from woody biomass would thus be needed to meet the demand by 2030. The survey shows that digestion capacity exists at sewage water treatment facilities and that the availability of resources for biogas generation is low. Public participation is needed to improve food waste segregation and increase resource availability. Food waste can be co-digested with sewage sludge at sewage water treatment facilities. These results can guide the design of renewable transport fuel policies and one conclusion is that policy support should be directed at the supply rather than at the demand side.

  • 6.
    Lönnqvist, Tomas
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Swedish resource potential from residues and energy crops to enhance biogas generation2013In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 21, p. 298-314Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper verifies the plausibility of existing assessments of the biogas potential in Sweden and whether a target of 1.1 TWh of biogas for transport, as per defined by Swedish authorities, can be met within the next ten years. We estimate that the Swedish resource potential for biogas generation from residues and energy crops amounts to 8.86 TWh in the midterm, equivalent to around 9% of the current domestic transport energy consumption. A large share of this potential remains unrealized and there is uncertainty regarding the existing resource potential, especially concerning energy crops. Nevertheless, the remaining biogas potential can make an important contribution to meet targets of an increased share of renewables in transport.  The study concludes that not only it is possible to meet the increased demand expected for gas in transport until 2020 but the existing potential could justify more ambitious goals than presently set by Swedish authorities.

  • 7.
    Månsson, André
    et al.
    Lund University, Environmental and Energy Systems Studies.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Hermann, Sebastian
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.
    Biofuels for road transport: Analysing evolving supply chains in Sweden from an energy security perspective2014In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 123, p. 349-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of biofuels for road transport in Sweden has increased during the past 10. years as policymakers stimulate demand in response to concerns about climate change. Using a supply chain approach, this paper analyses: (i) existing biofuel supply chains in Sweden (biogas, biodiesel and bioethanol) in terms of security of supply, and (ii) possibilities to achieve synergies between implementation of climate change mitigation practices and security of supply objectives, through increased production and use of biofuels. We argue that synergies can arise when exposure to upstream market risk decreases, the risk of the feedstock does not correlate with the fuel that it replaces, producers can switch between feedstocks and end user vulnerability to disruptions decreases. In the current Swedish context, the features of the biogas supply chain make it the most beneficial option, followed by biodiesel. In the way it has been implemented, bioethanol is the least favourable option. The paper concludes by outlining how biofuels could contribute to security of supply in the future.

  • 8.
    Pedroso, Guilherme
    et al.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Energy & Environm, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Bermann, Celio
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Energy & Environm, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Energy & Environm, Sao Paulo, Brazil.;Inst 17, Sao Paulo, Brazil..
    Combining the functional unit concept and the analytic hierarchy process method for performance assessment of public transport options2018In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 722-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a case study covering the operational and functional performances of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), Light Rail Transit (LRT), and Monorail (MNT) modes in the Sao Paulo City, Brazil. The innovative multicriteria decision aid model (MCDAM) combine the use of a Functional Unit with the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method to access objective and subjective preferences of stakeholders and performances of alternatives of three transport options. The case study shows that the MCDAM has proven to be the most effective. The Functional Unit provided a common set of requirements to guide the performance assessment of the modal options. In addition, the evaluated stakeholders' preferences were combined with the performance assessment resulting into global priority indexes based on a linear additive function algorithm.

  • 9.
    Rutkowski, E. W.
    et al.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Demantova, G. C.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    As redes técnicas do saneamento: Sanitation technical networks2010In: Revista DAE, ISSN 0101-6040, no 184, p. 69-72Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Deteriorating health conditions of the industrial cities transformed them from pole of wealth to focus of diseases. Since then, there is a relentless quest for improvement of the environmental quality. The complexity of urban relations on space sets environmental basin as a unit of territorial management. The sanitation technical networks are presented as a tool for shared municipal management sanitation as the Sanitation and Solid Waste National Policies proposed.

  • 10.
    Rutkowski, E.W.
    et al.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Assis, A.E.S.Q.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Oliveira, E.G.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Serafim, M.P.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Freiria, R.C.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Silva, R.B.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Macedo, S.G.H.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Caixa de ferramentas de metodologias de concertacão para qualificacão profissional2010In: Brazilian Journal of Labour Studies, ISSN 1679-2483, Vol. IX, no 2, p. 32-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was developing tools that can support the professional qualification processes in areas and/or topics which are considered essential for a local sustainable development. In order to achieve this goal the study based its analytical and conceptual frameworks on three keystones: the watershed basin, which is basic unit for environmental planning in Brazil; the socioenvironmental sustainability guidelines; and Social Technology strategy.

  • 11.
    Rutkwoski, E. W.
    et al.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Emissões de todos: mudanças no saneamento pelo clima2009In: Lei Nacional de Saneamento Básico: Perspectivas para as políticas e gestão dos serviços públicos / [ed] Berenice S. Cordeiro, Brasilia: PNSS/MCid , 2009, Vol. 2, p. 377-389Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Rutkwoski, E. W.
    et al.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Mello, L. F.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Consumo Sustentável: o gesto brusco para as mudanças globais?2008In: Mudanças climáticas e mudanças socioambientais globais: reflexões sobre alternativas de futuro / [ed] Eda Terezinha de Oliveira Tassara, Brasilia, Brasil: UNESCO , 2008, First, p. 113-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Forest and Energy: Designing a management tool for performance assessment of forest-based bioenergy supply chains2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Is Bioenergy the Big Bad Wolf in the Forestry Sector?: A discussion about the sustainable supply chain management role in bioenergy systems2011In: Proceedings of the World Renewable Energy Congress 2011 (WREC 2011), 9-13 May, Linköping: Bioenergy Technology - Volume 1 / [ed] Bahram Moshfegh, Sweden: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011, p. 25-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper’s aim is to use a bioenergy supply chain management approach in order to reinforce sustainable development in a likely scenario of competition between bioenergy and the production of other goods extracted from wood. This competition is perceived as a threat because it may lead to an increase in raw material and energy prices and reduce the competitiveness of the European pulp & paper industry compared to other regions of the world. The key question is then: is bioenergy the big bad wolf in the forestry sector or an opportunity for improving the sustainability of biomass-based supply chains? The work assumes bioenergy as an opportunity because a systemic approach to bioenergy systems’ optimization can lead to performance improvement beyond the boundaries of a single company and increase the sustainability aspects of the entire network. The results are based on content analysis conducted by a literature review and information gathering from relevant publications in the field.

  • 15.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    The forgotten development: A discussion about the clean development mechanism and socioenvironmental sustainability2007In: Sustainable Development and Planning III, Vols 1 and 2 / [ed] Kungolos, A; Brebbia, CA; Beriatos, E, United Kingdom: WIT Press , 2007, p. 551-557Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of sustainable development (SD) has been broadened to become a new paradigm and form a hope for human impact mitigation. There is some consensus around its implementation; however, the imprecision of the SD concept causes worldwide debates regarding the diversity of adoption and understanding. In this context, the question is how we can shape the development process in order to make it capable of taking into consideration the local way of becoming sustainable. One recent attempt is the clean development mechanism (CDM) concept. This faces similar problems because the way in which the mechanism is used today does not fulfil its goal of assisting SD. Generally the mechanism is used only to meet the terms for emission reduction described in Article 3 of the Kyoto Protocol and does not contribute to the local society development. Consequently, it is necessary to develop a strategic plan for CDM’s future implementation and repair its design failures by evaluating its current performance. An effective mechanism must integrate the socioenvironmental development concept into the implementation strategy. As a result, the new CDM must not only promote strict environmental sustainability, but also contribute to the reduction of poverty and social inequalities. This is because CDM will not be successful in the long term if it does not achieve the integration of social development with reduction of emissions.

  • 16.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Gómez, Maria F.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Towards a cleaner vehicle fleet: The dynamics of the Swedish biofuel system2013In: 4th International Workshop Advances in Cleaner Production: Integrating Cleaner Production into Sustainability Strategies / [ed] Giannetti, B. F.; Almeida, C. M. V. B.; Bonilla, S. H, São Paulo: UNIP , 2013, p. 1-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study’s overall objective is to present how the development of the Swedish biofuels system impacts the achievement of the European Union’s target of 10% of renewable fuels in transport by 2020 and the establishment of a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels by 2030 in the country. The methodological approach is based on a combination of forecasting and backcasting scenarios. This cross-analysis is used to relate one set of data with others in order to identify gaps between the potential energy use in the Swedish domestic transport sector with the country’s desired targets. Our analysis shows three gaps related to i) infrastructure and management capabilities for local biofuel production, ii) policy instruments to trigger systemic changes to reduce dependence of imports, and iii) investment decisions. In order to bridge those gaps, policymakers have to decide on how to steer the system’s development not only by combining different pathways between growth patterns of the Swedish biofuel system but also deciding either to apply supply or demand pressures onto the system as driving forces. Despite meeting the desired target of 10% of renewable fuels in transport by 2020, these choices have to be taken in a very short-run in order to shape the development of the Swedish biofuel system away of failing the target of establishing a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels by 2030.

  • 17.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Gómez, María Fernanda
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    The dynamics of the Swedish biofuel system toward a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels2014In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 96, p. 452-466, article id 4126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to present an analytical framework monitoring the development of the Swedish biofuels system, to evaluate its impacts on the achievement of 10% of renewable fuels by 2020, and to identify development patterns in order to establish a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels by 2030. The methodological approach relies on systems thinking approach and uses causal loops diagram as a guide to our analysis. The results show that policymakers have to decide among different pathways of growth based on internal- and external-resources of the Swedish biofuel system as well as to apply either supply or demand pressures onto the system in order to accomplish a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels by 2030.

  • 18.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Lima, J.C.F.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Rutkowski, E.W.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Ecologia Industrial no Brasil: uma discussão sobre as abordagens brasileiras de simbiose industrial2007In: Anais do IX Encontro Nacional Sobre Gestão Empresarial e Meio Ambiente / [ed] A. Coltro, et al., Curitba, Brazil: ENGEMA , 2007, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pt]

    No Brasil, a Ecologia Industrial (EI) apresenta-se por meio de iniciativas isoladas e as abordagens são as mais variadas. Não existe um acompanhamento dos sucessos, vícios e perversidades da estratégia. Desta forma, a discussão entre as abordagens brasileiras de EI e a ecoeficiência dos seus resultados devem ser entendidas, pois é preciso planejar estrategicamente a sua implementação e, assim, corrigir as suas imperfeições. Uma das abordagens da EI é o conceito de Simbiose Industrial (SI). O conceito está baseado na sinergia entre diferentes atividades produtivas que apresentam maior eficiência de recursos aliados com benefícios ambientais e econômicos. Contrariamente à simbiose, onde todos integrantes são beneficiados localmente, a abordagem brasileira, geralmente, está nas relações de mercado ou oferta e procura de resíduo e as únicas informações necessárias para esta interrelação são a informação logística e a informação mercadológica

  • 19.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Lima, J.C.F.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Rutkowski, E.W.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Ecologia Industrial, Produção e Ambiente: uma discussão sobre as abordagens de inter-conectividade produtiva2007In: 1st International Workshop on Advances in Cleaner Production: The role of Cleaner Production in the sustainable development of modern societies / [ed] B. F. Giannetti, C. M.V.B. de Almeida, S. H. Bonilla, D. Huisingh, F. M. Ribeiro and O.L.G. Quelhas, São Paulo, Brazil: UNIP , 2007, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial Ecology (IE) initiatives are presented by isolated strategies. As a result, there is a need to understand the eco-efficiency of approaches in order to plan strategically the IE implementation and to correct potential imperfections. One of the approaches is the Industrial Symbiosis (IS). This concept is based on sinergy between different productive activities, which lead to a greater efficiency of resources uses allied with environmental and economical benefits. Contrarily to the IS concept, where all integrant are benefited locally, the Brazilian approach is based on supply/demand relations. Thus, the necessary information for this interrelation are: the logistic and the market information.

  • 20.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. University of São Paulo, Brazil .
    Lönnqvist, Tomas
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
    Gómez, Maria F.
    Universidad de La Sabana.
    Teixeira Coelho, Suani
    USP University of São Paulo.
    Tudeschini, Luís G.
    USP University of São Paulo.
    Is natural gas a backup fuel against shortages of biogas or a threat to the Swedish vision of pursuing a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels?2015In: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682, Vol. 83, p. 1187-1199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to verify whether natural gas is only a backup fuel against shortages of upgraded biogas or a threat to the Swedish vision of pursuing a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels. The paper uses Stockholm County as a case study to guide our analysis. The region not only concentrates the largest number of inhabitants in Sweden but also holds alone around 35% of the Swedish fleet of passenger cars using gas as fuel. The region's potential vehicle gas demands are 460 GWh by 2020 and 1202 GWh by 2030. The methodological approach relies on Network Theory to guide the numerical analysis of the vehicle gas supply chain in the region. Our results show that natural gas will keep on being an important resource and playing a vital role within the local vehicle gas supply chain but no longer as a backup fuel against upgraded biogas shortages. In fact, natural gas has become a price regulator responsible for vehicle gas attractiveness, especially for passenger cars in the region. As a result, phasing out natural gas could hamper future developments of biogas supply chain in the country, hindering the achievement of a green fleet.

  • 21.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
    Lönnqvist, Tomas
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
    Tudeschini, Luís Gustavo
    USP University of São Paulo.
    Mapping the Stockholm vehicle gas supply chain using Network Theory to assess local upgraded biogas supply and demand relations2015In: 5th International Workshop Advances in Cleaner Production: Cleaner Production Towards a Sustainable Transition / [ed] Giannetti, B. F., Almeida, C. M. V. B., Bonilla, S. H, São Paulo: Universidade Paulista, Brazil , 2015, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper uses Stockholm County as a case study to guide our analysis. The region not only concentrates the largest number of inhabitants in Sweden but also holds alone around 35% of the Swedish fleet of passenger cars using gas as fuel. The region’s potential vehicle gas demands are 460 GWh by 2020 and 1 202 GWh by 2030. The methodological approach relies on Network Theory to guide the numerical analysis of the vehicle gas supply chain in the region. Our results indicates that local vehicle gas supply chain is a rigid structure that might be averse to new entrants such as new distribution companies but, at the same time, it offers opportunities for biogas producers. Distribution companies, especially those placed in the 1st-tier segment are averse to new entrants because they present high homophily and strong ties. Hence, they are more prone to maintain the network’s status quo since the Swedish vehicle gas market is not yet well developed, which results in a lack of multiple players, which leads to cluster formation.

  • 22.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
    Onguglo, Bonapas
    UNCTAD.
    Pacini, Henrique
    UNCTAD.
    Gómez, Maria F.
    Universidad de La Sabana.
    Teixeira Coelho, Suani
    University of São Paulo.
    Muwanga, Musa K.
    National Organic Agricultural Movement of Uganda.
    Fostering local sustainable development in Tanzania by enhancing linkages between tourism and small-scale agriculture2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, no 162, p. 1567-1581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism and agriculture are important contributors to the development of local economies. Many developing nations that are now experiencing rapid tourism growth have agrarian societies and tourism is the first or second source of export earnings. In this context, the main objective of this study is to identify what are the main challenges for horticultural value chains to effectively benefit from tourism and foster sustainable development in the United Republic of Tanzania. Our results are based on pro-poor tourism, which is an approach that aims at generating net benefits for the poor, including unlocking opportunities by building a more supportive policy and planning framework. The study concludes that tourism and agriculture have an important contribution to make to local development in Tanzania. However, horticultural supply chains face a number of constraints that hold back growth and competitiveness in reaching the local tourism industry. These constraints can be divided into two main categories: lack of direct communication channels; and bottlenecks or inefficiencies in the supply chain.

  • 23. Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    Vilela Junior, A.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Rutkowski, E. W.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Industrial Ecology as strategic tool for environmental policy-making process in Brazil2009In: 2nd International Workshop - Advances in Cleaner Production: Key Elements for a Sustainable World: Energy, Water and Climate Change / [ed] Giannetti, B. F.; Almeida, C. M. V. B.; Bonilla, S. H, São Paulo: UNIP , 2009, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most of today’s environmental policies in Brazil rely on controlling the growth of pollution by “command and control” techniques. During the last two decades, these instruments have been designed to control sources of environmental impacts using industrial zoning, environmental licensing, and emission standards. The present structure of environmental law and policy focuses almost entirely on the activities of manufacturing companies and does not recognize strategies related to pollution prevention and/or cleaner production — such as product life cycle assessment, environmental labeling, environmental management systems, interconnectivity of production process, extended producer responsibility strategy, and environmental certification — as important instruments for auto-regulation. Recognizing that environmental policy must become more focused on “command and covenant” than “command and control”, this article attempts to provide an expanded perspective of environmental policy innovation based on a more holistic approach — Industrial Ecology — as a strategic tool for environmental policy-making process in Brazil.

  • 24.
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    Tudeschini, L. G.
    Coelho, S. T.
    Evolution of the Brazilian residential carbon footprint based on direct energy consumption2016In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 54, p. 184-201Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As one of the leading nations on climate negotiations, Brazil has to go beyond its voluntary commitment to reduce its carbon footprint and become a more constructive and less low-key player in the UNFCCC negotiations. In this context, the studys main objective was to evaluate the Brazilian residential energy consumption, its regional specificity, and the related carbon emissions. The results show that the poor coming out of poverty affects the size of the increase in energy demand. Especially in the case of carbon emission from direct energy consumption for cooking, in which as the poor come out of poverty their demand for high efficiency energy carriers increases leading to lower emissions or vice versa. Also, the results show that the country must ratifies its commitments to the global efforts to combat climate change not only by elaborating but also by conducting more ambitious initiatives to reduce carbon emissions from its own territory.

  • 25. Silva-Martínez, R. D.
    et al.
    Sanches-Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. GBio Research Group in Bioenergy, IEE Institute of Energy and Environment, USP Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, 12189 - Cidade Universitária, Butantã, São Paulo 05508-000, Brazil.
    Organic waste to energy in Latin America and the Caribbean (Lac); state-of-the-art literature review2018In: European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies , 2018, no 26thEUBCE, p. 149-165Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organic waste to energy (OWtE) technologies have been already developed and implemented in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) countries, but are still far away to significantly contribute not only to manage and treat the ever-increasing waste volumes in the region but also to supply its energy demand and meet national GHG reduction goals. The technical complexity of these technologies, dearth of research, high investment costs and political deficiencies have not allowed for an appropriate implementation of relevant OWtE in the region, where the applicability of large-scale treatment plants remains to be demonstrated. This research presents the state-of-the art of OWtE technologies in the context of LAC countries’ based on archival research method. The main findings show that OWtE have the potential to improve waste management and energy systems in the region by reducing environmental impacts, along with a series of social and economic benefits, such as increasing sustainable energy supply. However, there is still a lack of investment and participation of stakeholders aligned with other challenges, which inhibit the implementation and diffusion of OWtE in LAC.

  • 26.
    Vilela Junior, A.
    et al.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Ribeiro, F.M.G.
    UNICAMP State University of Campinas.
    Sanches Pereira, Alessandro
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.
    A Ecologia Industrial no Contexto das Políticas Públicas de Meio Ambiente: Uma discussão preliminar sobre as oportunidades e limites da incorporação da ecologia industrial à gestão pública do meio ambiente2007In: 1st International Workshop on Advances in Cleaner Production: The role of Cleaner Production in the sustainable development of modern societies / [ed] B. F. Giannetti, C. M.V.B. de Almeida, S. H. Bonilla, D. Huisingh, F. M. Ribeiro and O. L.G. Quelhas, São Paulo, Brazil: UNIP , 2007, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial ecology offers a number of methods and approaches which offer much potential for the environmental public policies. The adoption of a systems perspective in environmental analysis and decision making could significantly improve environmental policies effectiveness. Therefore, adjustments in the legal and organizational framework as well a deep change in the public environmental management would be necessary

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