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  • 1.
    Gao, Jiajia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    El-Zohry, Ahmed M.
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Trilaksana, Herri
    Flinders Univ S Australia, Flinders Ctr NanoScale Sci & Technol CNST, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia..
    Gabrielsson, Erik
    Dyenamo AB, Greenhouse Labs, Tekn Ringen 38A, SE-11428 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Leandri, Valentina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Ellis, Hanna
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    D'Amario, Luca
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Safdari, Majid
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Andersson, Gunther
    Flinders Univ S Australia, Flinders Ctr NanoScale Sci & Technol CNST, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia..
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
    Light-Induced Interfacial Dynamics Dramatically Improve the Photocurrent in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: An Electrolyte Effect2018In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 10, no 31, p. 26241-26247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A significant increase in the photocurrent generation during light soaking for solar cells sensitized by the triphenylamine-based D-pi-A organic dyes (PD2 and LEG1) and mediated by cobalt bipyridine redox complexes has been observed and investigated. The crucial role of the electrolyte has been identified in the performance improvement. Control experiments based on a pretreatment strategy reveals TBP as the origin. The increase in the current and IPCE has been interpreted by the interfacial charge-transfer kinetics studies. A slow component in the injection kinetics was exposed for this system. This change explains the increase in the electron lifetime and collection efficiency. Photoelectron spectroscopic measurements show energy shifts at the dye/TiO2 interface, leading us to formulate a hypothesis with respect to an electrolyte induced dye reorganization at the surface.

  • 2.
    Gao, Jiajia
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Yang, Wenxing
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    El-Zohry, Ahmed M.
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Prajapati, Govind Kumar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Fang, Yuan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Dai, Jing
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Hao, Yan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Leandri, Valentina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Svensson, Per H.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. RISE Surface Proc Formulat, Forskargatan 20j, SE-15136 Sodertalje, Sweden..
    Furo, Istvan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Boschloo, Gerrit
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Lund, Torben
    Roskilde Univ, Dept Sci & Environm, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark..
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Light-induced electrolyte improvement in cobalt tris(bipyridine)-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells2019In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 7, no 33, p. 19495-19505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithium-ion-free tris(2,2 '-bipyridine) Co(ii/iii)-mediated electrolytes have previously been proposed for long-term stable dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Such redox systems also offer an impressive DSSC performance improvement under light soaking exposure, manifested by an increase in photocurrent and fill factor without the expense of decreasing photovoltage. Kinetic studies show that charge transfer and ion diffusion at the electrode/electrolyte interface are improved due to the light exposure. Control experiments reveal that the light effect is unambiguously associated with electrolyte components, [Co(bpy)(3)](3+) and the Lewis-base additive tert-butylpyridine (TBP). Electrochemical and spectroscopic investigation of the [Co(bpy)(3)](3+)/TBP mixtures points out that the presence of TBP, which retards the electrolyte diffusion, however causes an irreversible redox reaction of [Co(bpy)(3)](3+) upon light exposure that improves the overall conductivity. This discovery not only provides a new strategy to mitigate the typical J(sc)-V-oc trade-off in Co(ii/iii)-mediated DSSCs but also highlights the importance of investigating the photochemistry of a photoelectrochemical system.

  • 3.
    Leandri, Valentina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Daniel, Quentin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Chen, Hong
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Electronic and Structural Effects of Inner Sphere Coordination of Chloride to a Homoleptic Copper(II) Diimine Complex2018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 8, p. 4556-4562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reaction of CuCl2 with 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dmp) does not lead to the formation of [Cu(dmp)(2)](Cl)(2) but instead to [Cu(dmp)(2)Cl]Cl, a 5-coordinated complex, in which one chloride is directly coordinated to the metal center. Attempts at removing the coordinated chloride by changing the counterion by metathesis were unsuccessful and resulted only in the exchange of the noncoordinated chloride, as confirmed from a crystal structure analysis. Complex [Cu-(dmp)(2)Cl]PF6 exhibits a reversible cyclic voltammogram characterized by a significant peak splitting between the reductive and oxidative waves (0.85 and 0.60 V vs NHE, respectively), with a half-wave potential E-1/2 = 0.73 V vs NHE. When reduced electrochemically, the complex does not convert into [Cu(dmp)(2)](+), as one may expect. Instead, [Cu(dmp)(2)](+) is isolated as a product when the reduction of [Cu(dmp)(2)Cl]PF6 is performed with L-ascorbic acid, as confirmed by electrochemistry, NMR spectroscopy, and diffractometry. [Cu(dmp)(2)](2+) complexes can be synthesized starting from Cu(II) salts with weakly and noncoordinating counterions, such as perchlorate. Growth of [Cu(dmp)(2)](ClO4)(2) crystals in acetonitrile results in a 5-coordinated complex, [Cu(dmp)(2)(CH3CN)](ClO4)(2), in which a solvent molecule is coordinated to the metal center. However, solvent coordination is associated with a dynamic decoordination-coordination behavior upon reduction and oxidation. Hence, the cyclic voltammogram of [Cu(dmp)(2)(CH3CN)](2+) is identical to the one of [Cu(dmp)(2)](+), if the measurements are performed in acetonitrile. The current results show that halide ions in precursors to Cu(II) metal-organic coordination compound synthesis, and most likely also other multivalent coordination centers, are not readily exchanged when exposed to presumed strongly binding and chelating ligand, and thus special care needs to be taken with respect to product characterization.

  • 4.
    Leandri, Valentina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Jonsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Coumarin as a Quantitative Probe for Hydroxyl Radical Formation in Heterogeneous Photocatalysis2019In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 123, no 11, p. 6667-6674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we have assessed coumarin as a quantitative probe for hydroxyl radical formation in heterogeneous photocatalysis. Upon reaction with the hydroxyl radical, coumarin produces several hydroxylated products, of which one, 7-OH-coumarin, is strongly fluorescent. The fluorescence emission is strongly affected by inner filtering due to the presence of coumarin. Therefore, we performed a series of calibration experiments to correct for the coumarin concentration. From the calibration experiments, we could verify that the inner-filtering effect can be attributed to the competing absorption of the fluorescence excitation light between coumarin and 7-OH-coumarin. Through judicious calibration for the inner-filtering effects, the corrected results for the photocatalytic system show that the rate of hydroxyl scavenging is constant with time for initial coumarin concentrations of ≥50 μM under the conditions of our experiments. The rate increases linearly with coumarin concentration, as expected from the Langmuir–Hinshelwood model. Within the coumarin concentration range used here, the photocatalyst surface does not become saturated. Given the fact that the highest coumarin concentration used (1 mM) in this work is quite close to the solubility limit, we conclude that coumarin cannot be used to assess the full photocatalytic capacity of the system, i.e., surface saturation is never reached. The rate of hydroxyl radical scavenging will, to a large extent, depend on the affinity to the surface, and it is therefore not advisable to use coumarin as a probe for photocatalytic efficiency when comparing different photocatalysts.

  • 5.
    Leandri, Valentina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Jonsson, Mats
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Reply to "Comment on 'Coumarin as a Quantitative Probe for Hydroxyl Radical Formation in Heterogeneous Photocatalysis'"2019In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 123, no 33, p. 20685-20686Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Leandri, Valentina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Sadollahkhani, Azar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Safdari, Majid
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Excited-State Dynamics of [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+) Thin Films on Sensitized TiO2 and ZrO22019In: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 618-626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The excited state dynamics of Tris(2,2 '-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) hexafluorophosphate, [Ru(bpy)(3)(PF6)(2)], was investigated on the surface of bare and sensitized TiO2 and ZrO2 films. The organic dyes LEG4 and MKA253 were selected as sensitizers. A Stern-Volmer plot of LEG4-sensitized TiO2 substrates with a spin-coated [Ru(bpy)(3)(PF6)(2)] layer on top shows considerable quenching of the emission of the latter. Interestingly, time-resolved emission spectroscopy reveals the presence of a fast-decay time component (25 +/- 5 ns), which is absent when the anatase TiO2 semiconductor is replaced by ZrO2. It should be specified that the positive redox potential of the ruthenium complex prevents electron transfer from the [Ru(bpy)(3)(PF6)(2)] ground state into the oxidized sensitizer. Therefore, we speculate that the fast-decay time component observed stems from excited-state electron transfer from [Ru(bpy)(3)(PF6)(2)] to the oxidized sensitizer. Solid-state dye sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs) employing MKA253 and LEG4 dyes, with [Ru(bpy)(3)(PF6)(2)] as a hole-transporting material (HTM), exhibit 1.2 % and 1.1 % power conversion efficiency, respectively. This result illustrates the possibility of the hypothesized excited-state electron transfer.

  • 7.
    Leandri, Valentina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Pizzichetti, Angela Raffaella Pia
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Xu, Bo
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Div Phys Chem,Ctr Mol Devices, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Franchi, Daniele
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Zhang, Wei
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Benesperi, Iacopo
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Div Phys Chem,Ctr Mol Devices, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Freitag, Marina
    Uppsala Univ, Angstrom Lab, Dept Chem, Div Phys Chem,Ctr Mol Devices, Box 523, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. DUT, DUT KTH Joint Res Ctr Mol Devices, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Exploring the Optical and Electrochemical Properties of Homoleptic versus Heteroleptic Diimine Copper(I) Complexes2019In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 58, no 18, p. 12167-12177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to ligand scrambling, the synthesis and investigation of the properties of heteroleptic Cu(I) complexes can be a challenging task. In this work, we have studied the optical and electrochemical properties of a series of homoleptic complexes, such as [Cu(dbda)(2)](+), [Cu(dmp)(2)](+), [Cu(Br-dmp)(2)](+), [Cu(bcp)(2)](+), [Cu(dsbtmp)(2)](+), [Cu(biq)(2)](+), and [Cu(dap)(2)](+) in solution, and those of their heteroleptics [Cu(dbda)(dmp)](+), [Cu(dbda)(Br-dmp)](+), [Cu(dbda)(bcp)](+), [Cu(dbda)(dsbtmp))(+), [Cu(dbda)(biq)](+), [Cu(dbda)(dap)](+) adsorbed on the surface of anatase TiO2 (dbda = 6,6'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-dibenzoic acid; dmp = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline; Br-dmp = 5-bromo 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline; bcp = bathocuproine or 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline; dsbtmp = 2,9-di(sec-butyl)-3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline; biq = 2,2'-biquinoline; dap = 2,9-dianisyl-1,10-phenanthroline). We show that the maximum absorption wavelengths of the heteroleptic complexes on TiO2 can be reasonably predicted from those of the homoleptic complexes in solution through a simple linear relation, whereas the prediction of their redox properties is less trivial. In the latter case, two different linear patterns emerge: one including the ligands bcp, biq, and dap and another one including the ligands dmp, Br-dmp, and dsbtmp. We offer an interpretation of the data based on the chemical structure of the ligands. On one hand, ligands bcp, biq, and dap possess a more extended pi-conjugated system, which gives a more prominent contribution to the overall redox properties of the ligand dbda. On the other hand, the ligands dmp, Br-dmp, and dsbtmp are all phenanthroline-based containing alkyl substituents and contribute less than dbda to the overall redox properties.

  • 8.
    Sadollahkhani, Azar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Leandri, Valentina
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Safdari, Majid
    KTH.
    Zhang, Wei
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Energetic Barriers to Interfacial Charge Transfer and Ion Movement in Perovskite Solar Cells2017In: ChemPhysChem, ISSN 1439-4235, E-ISSN 1439-7641, Vol. 18, no 21, p. 3047-3055Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Highly efficient perovskite solar cells have been characterized by current-density/voltage measurements in the dark at varied scan rates. The results were compared to the solar cells without a hole-transporting layer to investigate the role of ultrathin hole-transporting layers in solar-cell function. The parameters of internal voltage, diode ideality factor, capacitive current, and capacitance were calculated from the current-density/voltage response of the cells in the dark. The results show that the absence of the hole-transporting layer can cause a large recombination current within the depletion region at the gold contact/perovskite interface, and thus affects the cell performance.

  • 9.
    Zhang, Wei
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Hua, Yong
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Wang, Linqin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Zhang, Biaobiao
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Li, Yuanyuan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Liu, Peng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Leandri, Valentina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Guo, Yu
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Chen, Hong
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry. Dalian Univ Technol DUT, DUT KTH Joint Res Ctr Mol Devices, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China..
    Kloo, Lars
    The Central Role of Ligand Conjugation for Properties of Coordination Complexes as Hole-Transport Materials in Perovskite Solar Cells2019In: ACS APPLIED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 2574-0962, Vol. 2, no 9, p. 6768-6779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two zinc-based coordination complexes Y3 and Y4 have been synthesized and characterized, and their performance as hole-transport materials (HTMs) for perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has been investigated. The complex Y3 contains two separate ligands, and the molecular structure can be seen as a disconnected porphyrin ring. On the other hand, Y4 consists of a porphyrin core and therefore is a more extended conjugated system as compared to Y3. The optical and redox properties of the two different molecular complexes are comparable. However, the hole mobility and conductivity of Y4 as macroscopic material are remarkably higher than that of Y3. Furthermore, when employed as hole-transport materials in perovskite solar cells, cells containing Y4 show a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 16.05%, comparable to the Spiro-OMeTAD-based solar cells with an efficiency around 17.08%. In contrast, solar cells based on Y3 show a negligible efficiency of about 0.01%. The difference in performance of Y3 and Y4 is analyzed and can be attributed to the difference in packing of the nonplanar and planar building blocks in the corresponding materials.

  • 10.
    Zhang, Wei
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Sadollahkhani, Azar
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
    Li, Yuanyuan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
    Leandri, Valentina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Mechanistic Insights from Functional Group Exchange Surface Passivation: A Combined Theoretical and Experimental Study2019In: ACS APPLIED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 2574-0962, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 2723-2733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Four different functional groups including amino (-NH2), phosphine (-PH2), hydroxyl (-OH), and thiol (-SH) were combined with POSS (polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane) molecules to investigate how functional groups affect the surface passivation of POSS systems. Results from density-functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that functional group amino (-NH2) with adsorption energy 86 (56) kJ mol(-1) is consistently better than that of thiol (-SH) with adsorption energy 68 (43) kJ mor(-1) for different passivation mechanisms. Theoretical studies on the analogous POSS-OH and POSS-PH2 systems show similar adsorption energies. Two of the systems were also investigated experimentally; aminopropyl isobutyl POSS (POSS-NH2) and mercaptopropyl isobutyl POSS (POSS-SH) were applied as passivation materials for MAPbI(3) (MA = methylammonium) perovskite and (FA)(0.85)(MA)(0.15)Pb(I-3)(0.85)(Br-3)(0)(.15)(FA = formamidinium) perovskite films. The same conclusion was drawn based on the results from contact angle studies, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the stability of solar cells in ambient atmosphere, indicating the vital importance of choice of functional groups for passivation of the perovskite materials.

  • 11.
    Zhang, Wei
    et al.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Wang, Linqin
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Guo, Yu
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Zhang, Biaobiao
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Leandri, Valentina
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Xu, Bo
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry.
    Li, Zhuofeng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Gardner, James M.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Organic chemistry. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Centre of Molecular Devices, CMD.
    Kloo, Lars
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
    Single crystal structure and opto-electronic properties of oxidized Spiro-OMeTAD2020In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 56, no 10, p. 1589-1592Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Single crystals of Spiro(TFSI)2 were grown, the optical and electronic properties were characterized and compared with neutral Spiro-OMeTAD. Density-functional theory was used to get insights into binding and band structure properties. The flat valence bands indicate a rather limited orbital overlap in Spiro(TFSI)2.

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