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  • 1.
    Al Alam, Assad
    et al.
    Scania CV AB.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    An experimental study on the fuel reduction potential of heavy duty vehicle platooning2010In: 13th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), 2010, IEEE , 2010, p. 306-311Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicle platooning has become important for the vehicle industry. Yet conclusive results with respect to the fuel reduction possibilities of platooning remain unclear. The focus in this study is the fuel reduction that heavy duty vehicle platooning enables and the analysis with respect to the influence of a commercial adaptive cruise control on the fuel consumption. Experimental results show that by using preview information of the road ahead from the lead vehicle, the adaptive cruise controller can reduce the fuel consumption. A study is undertaken for various masses of the lead vehicle. The results show that the best choice with respect to a heavier or lighter lead vehicle depends on the desired time gap. A maximum fuel reduction of 4.7-7.7% depending on the time gap, at a set speed of 70 km/h, can be obtained with two identical trucks. If the lead vehicle is 10 t lighter a corresponding 3.8-7.4% fuel reduction can be obtained depending on the time gap. Similarly if the lead vehicle is 10 t heavier a 4.3-6.9% fuel reduction can be obtained. All results indicate that a maximum fuel reduction can be achieved at a short relative distance, due to both air drag reduction and suitable control.

  • 2.
    Al Alam, Assad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Gattami, Ather
    Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA, 94720-1770, United States .
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley, Berkeley CA, 94720-1770, United States .
    Tomlin, Claire Jennifer
    Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Establishing safety for heavy duty vehicle platooning: a game theoretical approach2011In: IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline), 2011, p. 3818-3823Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is fuel efficient to minimize the relative distance between vehicles to achievea maximum reduction in air drag. However, the relative distance can only be reduced to acertain extent without endangering a collision. Factors such as the vehicle velocity, the relativevelocity, and the characteristics of the vehicle ahead has a strong impact on what minimumrelative distance can be obtained. In this paper, we utilize optimal control and game theory toestablish safety criteria for heavy duty vehicle platooning applications. The derived results showthat a minimum relative distance of 1.2m can be obtained for two identical vehicles withoutendangering a collision, assuming that there is no delay present in the feedback system. If aworst case delay is present in the system, a minimum relative distance is deduced based uponthe vehicle’s maximum deceleration ability. The relative distance can be reduced if the followervehicle has a greater overall braking capability, which suggests that vehicle heterogeneity andorder has substantial impact. The findings are verified by simulations and the main conclusion isthat the relative distance utilized in commercial applications today can be reduced significantlywith a suitable advanced cruise control system.

  • 3.
    Alam, Assad
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. Scania CV AB, SE-15187 Södertälje, Sweden.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Tomlin, Claire J.
    UC Berkeley.
    Guaranteeing safety for heavy duty vehicle platooning: Safe set computations and experimental evaluations2014In: Control Engineering Practice, ISSN 0967-0661, E-ISSN 1873-6939, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 33-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider the problem of finding a safety criteria between neighboring heavy duty vehicles traveling in a platoon. We present a possible framework for analyzing safety aspects of heavy duty vehicle platooning. A nonlinear underlying dynamical model is utilized, where the states of two neighboring vehicles are conveyed through radar information and wireless communication. Numerical safe sets are derived through the framework, under a worst-case scenario, and the minimum safe spacing is studied for heterogenous platoons. Real life experimental results are presented in an attempt to validate the theoretical results in practice. The findings show that a minimum relative distance of 1.2 m at maximum legal velocity on Swedish highways can be maintained for two identical vehicles without endangering a collision. The main conclusion is that the relative distance utilized in commercial applications today can be reduced significantly with a suitable automatic control system.

  • 4. Alam, Assad
    et al.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Suboptimal Decentralized Controller Design for Chain Structures: Applications to Vehicle Formations2011In: IEEE 50th Annual Conference on Decision and Control and European Control Conference, Orlando, December, 2011, IEEE , 2011, p. 6894-6900Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider suboptimal decentralized controllerdesign for subsystems with interconnected dynamics and costfunctions. A systematic design methodology is presented overthe class of linear quadratic regulators (LQR) for chain graphs.The methodology is evaluated on heavy duty vehicle platooningwith physical constraints. A simulation and frequency analysisis performed. The results show that the decentralized controllergives good tracking performance and a robust system. We alsoshow that the design methodology produces a string stablesystem for an arbitrary number of vehicles in the platoon, ifthe vehicle configurations and the LQR weighting parametersare identical for the considered subsystems.

  • 5.
    Feyzmahdavian, Hamid Reza
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Alam, Assad
    Research and Development, Scania CV AB, 151 87 Södertälje, Sweden.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Optimal Distributed Controller Design with Communication Delays: Application to vehicle formations2012In: 2012 IEEE 51st Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), IEEE conference proceedings, 2012, p. 2232-2237Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of optimal distributed control with delayed information sharing over chain structures motivated by applications of heavy duty vehicle platooning. We introduce a novel approach to find distributed controllers that take into account communication delays and correlation between the dynamic interconnection. The design decomposes the solution into separate optimization problems. The results show that a tight control is achieved, even in the presence of delays, and behaves well with respect to the imposed disturbances. The computed theoretical cost of the proposed optimal controller is significantly better than the theoretical cost for the centralized control with a global delay and close to the cost for a fully centralized control with full state information at all times.

  • 6.
    Feyzmahdavian, Hamid Reza
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Mikael
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Distributed Output-Feedback LQG Control with Delayed Information Sharing2012In: Estimation and Control of Networked Systems, Volume 3, Part 1, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops a controller synthesis method for distributed LQG controlproblems under output-feedback. We consider a system consisting of three interconnected linearsubsystems with a delayed information sharing structure. While the state-feedback case haspreviously been solved, the extension to output-feedback is nontrivial as the classical separationprinciple fails. To nd the optimal solution, the controller is decomposed into two independentcomponents: a centralized LQG-optimal controller under delayed state observations, and a sumof correction terms based on additional local information available to decision makers. Explicitdiscrete-time equations are derived whose solutions are the gains of the optimal controller.

  • 7.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Deterministic Team Problems with Signaling2011In: 2011 50th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control andEuropean Control Conference (CDC-ECC), 2011, p. 5529-5534Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers linear quadraticteam decision problems where the players inthe team affect each others information structurethrough their decisions. It shows that linear decisionsare optimal and can be found by solving alinear matrix inequality.

  • 8.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Generalized Linear Quadratic Control2010In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 131-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of stochastic finite- and infinite- horizon linear quadratic control under power constraints. The calculations of the optimal control law can be done off-line as in the classical linear quadratic Gaussian control theory using dynamic programming, which turns out to be a special case of the new theory developed in this technical note. A numerical example is solved using the new methods.

  • 9.
    Gattami, Ather
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Bernhardsson, Bo M.
    Rantzer, Anders
    Robust Team Decision Theory2012In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 794-798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This technical note considers linear quadratic team decision problems. It shows that linear decisions are optimal and can be found by solving a linear matrix inequality.

  • 10.
    Karlsson, Johannes
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Oechtering, Tobias J.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Skoglund, Mikael
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Iterative Source-Channel Coding Approach to Witsenhausen's Counterexample2011In: Proceedings of the American Control Conference, NEW YORK: IEEE , 2011, p. 5348-5353Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1968, Witsenhausen introduced his famous counterexample where he showed that even in the simple linear quadratic static team decision problem, complex nonlinear decisions could outperform any given linear decision. This problem has served as a benchmark problem for decades where researchers try to achieve the optimal solution. This paper introduces a systematic iterative source-channel coding approach to solve problems of the Witsenhausen Counterexample-character. The advantage of the presented approach is its simplicity. Also, no assumptions are made about the shape of the space of policies. The minimal cost obtatined using the introduced method is 0.16692462, which is the lowest known thus far.

  • 11.
    Khorsand, Omid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Alam, Assad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Optimal distributed controller synthesis for chain structures applications to vehicle formations2012In: ICINCO 2012 - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics, 2012, p. 218-223Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider optimal distributed controller synthesis for an interconnected system subject to communication constraints, in linear quadratic settings. Motivated by the problem of finite heavy duty vehicle platooning, we study systems composed of interconnected subsystems over a chain graph. By decomposing the system into orthogonal modes, the cost function can be separated into individual components. Thereby, derivation of the optimal controllers in state-space follows immediately. The optimal controllers are evaluated under the practical setting of heavy duty vehicle platooning with communication constraints. It is shown that the performance can be significantly improved by adding a few communication links. The results show that the proposed optimal distributed controller outperforms a suboptimal controller in terms of control input energy.

  • 12.
    Khorsand, Omid
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    A Decentralized Stabilization Scheme for a Class of Large-scale Interconnected Systems2011In: Proceedings of the 18th IFAC World Congress, 2011. Volume 18, Part 1 / [ed] Bittanti, Sergio, Cenedese, Angelo, Zampieri, Sandro, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a decentralized control approach for a class of large-scale interconnected systems is proposed. A set of local decentralized controllers is constructed to guarantee the stability of the global system utilizing the notion of superstability. The control scheme and design are based on local state information and model knowledge of the adjacent subsystems. The approach leads to a computationally ecient method where the design procedure is performed on the subsystem level using linear programming. The solutions have been optimized and it is shown that the scheme has some useful features such as monotonic convergence and robustness under interval matrix uncertainty.

  • 13.
    Kron, Johannes
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Oechtering, Tobias J.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Skoglund, Mikael
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Iterative source-channel coding approach to Witsenhausen's counterexampleIn: Automatica, ISSN 0005-1098, E-ISSN 1873-2836Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Liang, Kuo-Yun
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Alam, Assad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    The Impact of Heterogeneity and Order in Heavy Duty Vehicle Platooning Networks2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is formally known that by establishing a heavy duty vehicle platoon, the fuel consumption is reduced for the follower vehicle due to the lower air drag. However, it is not clear how the platoon should be formed with respect to the heavy duty vehicle properties. String stability is a well discussed issue in vehicle platooning. However, each vehicle’s properties have to be taken into consideration when analyzing the platoon system. In this paper, we analyze one property of heavy duty vehicles the mass. The results show that the robustness is influenced by the order and physical characteristics of the vehicles in the platoon. When utilizing identical PID controllers for all vehicles in the platoon, it is better to arrange the heaviest vehicle first with decreasing mass order when considering the platoon behavior. However, in reality it is difficult to start rearranging a platoon in the middle of a highway and it would also require V2Vcommunication. A controller is often optimized for a particular configuration set that can cause slinky effects to the platoon. Therefore, a mass-dependent PID controller is introduced to establish a better platoon behavior for heavy duty vehicles. The results show no slinky effects regardless of the vehicle order in the platoon.

  • 15. Sahlholm, Per
    et al.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Piecewise Linear Road Grade Estimation2011In: SAE 2011 World Congress and Exhibition, SAE international , 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging heavy duty vehicle control systems increasingly rely on advance knowledge of the road topography, described by the longitudinal road grade. Highway road grade profiles are restricted by road design specifications to be piecewise affine. This characteristic is used herein to derive a method for road grade estimation based on standard on-vehicle sensors and optimal piecewise linear estimation through dynamic programming. The proposed method is demonstrated with on-road experiments. It is able to represent the road grade profile for two studied 15 km road sections, by 20 linear segments for each, with a root mean square error between 0.42 % and 0.55 % grade.

  • 16.
    Terelius, Håkan
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Shi, Guodong
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dowling, Jim
    Swedish Institute of Computer Science.
    Payberah, Amir
    Swedish Institute of Computer Science.
    Gattami, Ather
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Converging an Overlay Network to a Gradient Topology2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate the topology convergence problem for the gossip-based Gradient overlay network. In an overlay network where each node has a local utility value, a Gradient overlay network is characterized by the properties that each node has a set of neighbors containing higher utility values, such that paths of increasing utilities emerge in the network topology. The Gradient overlay network is built using gossiping and a preference function that samples from nodes using a uniform random peer sampling service. We analyze it using tools from matrix analysis, and we prove both the necessary and sufficient conditions for convergence to a complete gradient structure, as well as estimating the convergence time. Finally, we show in simulations the potential of the Gradient overlay, by building a more efficient live-streaming peer-to-peer (P2P) system than one built using uniform random peer sampling.

1 - 16 of 16
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