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  • 1.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Alderisio, Francesco
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Liuzza, Davide
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Shi, Guodong
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    di Bernardo, Mario
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Event-triggered pinning control of complex networks with switching topologies2014In: Proceedings of the 53rd annual IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 2014, p. 2783-2788Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the problem of eventtriggered pinning control for the synchronization of networks of nonlinear dynamical agents onto a desired reference trajectory. The pinned agents are those that have access to the reference trajectory. We consider both static and switching topologies. We prove that the system is well posed and identify conditions under which the network achieves exponential convergence. A lower bound for the rate of convergence is also derived. Numerical examples demonstrating the effectiveness of the results are provided.

  • 2.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Alderisio, Francesco
    Liuzza, Davide
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Shi, Guodong
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    di Bernardo, Mario
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Event-Triggered Pinning Control of Switching Networks2015In: IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems, ISSN 2325-5870, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 204-213, article id 7098382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates event-triggered pinning control for the synchronization of complex networks of nonlinear dynamical systems. We consider networks described by time-varying weighted graphs and featuring generic linear interaction protocols. Sufficient conditions for the absence of Zeno behavior are derived and exponential convergence of a global normed error function is proven. Static networks are considered as a special case, wherein the existence of a lower bound for interevent times is also proven. Numerical examples demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.

  • 3.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Hybrid coverage and inspection control for anisotropic mobile sensor teams2017In: IFAC-PapersOnLine, ISSN 2405-8963, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 613-618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present an algorithm for pose control of a team of mobile sensors for coverage and inspection applications. The region to cover is abstracted into a finite set of landmarks, and each sensor is responsible to cover some of the landmarks. The sensors progressively improve their coverage by adjusting their poses and by transferring the ownership of some landmarks to each other. Inter-sensor communication is pairwise and intermittent. The sensor team is formally modeled as a multi-agent hybrid system, and an invariance argument formally shows that the team reaches an equilibrium configuration, while a global coverage measure is improving monotonically. A numerical simulation corroborates the theoretical results.

  • 4.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Liuzza, D.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Coordination of multi-agent systems with intermittent access to a cloud repository2017In: Workshop on Sensing and Control for Autonomous Vehicles: Applications to Land, Water and Air Vehicles, 2017, Springer, 2017, Vol. 474, p. 453-471Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cloud-supported multi-agent system is composed of autonomous agents required to achieve a common coordination objective by exchanging data over a shared cloud repository. The repository is accessed asychronously by different agents, and direct inter-agent commuication is not possible. This model is motivated by the problem of coordinating a fleet of autonomous underwater vehicles, with the aim to avoid the use of expensive and power-hungry modems for underwater communication. For the case of agents with integrator dynamics, a control law and a rule for scheduling the cloud access are formally defined and proven to achieve the desired coordination. A numerical simulation corroborate the theoretical results.

  • 5.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Liuzza, Davide
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Multi-Agent Trajectory Tracking with Self-Triggered Cloud Access2016In: 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 2207-2214, article id 7798591Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a cloud-supported control algorithm for coordinated trajectory tracking of networked autonomous agents. The motivating application is the coordinated control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles. The control objective is to have the vehicles track a reference trajectory while keeping an assigned formation. Rather than relying on inter-agent communication, which is interdicted underwater, coordination is achieved by letting the agents intermittently access a shared information repository hosted on a cloud. An event-based law is proposed to schedule the accesses of each agent to the cloud. We show that, with the proposed scheduling of the cloud accesses, the agents achieve the required coordination objective. Numerical simulations corroborate the theoretical results.

  • 6.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Liuzza, Davide
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Control of Multi-Agent Systems with Event-Triggered Cloud Access2015In: Proceedings of the 14th annual European Control Conference, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Mansouri, S. S.
    Kanellakis, C.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Nikolakopoulos, G.
    Cooperative coverage for surveillance of 3D structures2017In: 2017 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2017, p. 1838-1845Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose a planning algorithm for coverage of complex structures with a network of robotic sensing agents, with multi-robot surveillance missions as our main motivating application. The sensors are deployed to monitor the external surface of a 3D structure. The algorithm controls the motion of each sensor so that a measure of the collective coverage attained by the network is nondecreasing, while the sensors converge to an equilibrium configuration. A modified version of the algorithm is also provided to introduce collision avoidance properties. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated in a simulation and validated experimentally by executing the planned paths on an aerial robot.

  • 8.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Mansouri, Sina Sharif
    Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Comp Elect & Space Engn, Control Engn Div, Robot Grp, SE-97187 Lulea, Sweden..
    Kanellakis, Christoforos
    Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Comp Elect & Space Engn, Control Engn Div, Robot Grp, SE-97187 Lulea, Sweden..
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Nikolakopoulos, George
    Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Comp Elect & Space Engn, Control Engn Div, Robot Grp, SE-97187 Lulea, Sweden..
    Cooperative coverage for surveillance of 3D structures2017In: 2017 IEEE/RSJ INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT ROBOTS AND SYSTEMS (IROS) / [ed] Bicchi, A Okamura, A, IEEE , 2017, p. 1838-1845Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we propose a planning algorithm for coverage of complex structures with a network of robotic sensing agents, with multi-robot surveillance missions as our main motivating application. The sensors are deployed to monitor the external surface of a 3D structure. The algorithm controls the motion of each sensor so that a measure of the collective coverage attained by the network is nondecreasing, while the sensors converge to an equilibrium configuration. A modified version of the algorithm is also provided to introduce collision avoidance properties. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated in a simulation and validated experimentally by executing the planned paths on an aerial robot.

  • 9. Alexandre, Seuret
    et al.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Consensus of Double Integrator Multi-agents under Communication Delay2009In: IFAC Proceedings Volumes (IFAC-PapersOnline), 2009, p. 376-381Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the consensus problem under network induced communication delays. It is well-known that introducing a delay generally leads to a reduce of the performance or to instability. Thus, investigating the impact of time-delays in the consensus problem is an important issue. Another important issue is to obtain an estimate of the convergence rate, which is not straightforward when delays appear in the network. In this paper, the agents are modelled as double integrator systems. It is assumed that each agent receives instantaneously its own output information but receives the information from its neighbors after a constant delay. A stability criterion is provided based on Lyapunov-Krasovskii techniques and is expressed in terms of LMI. An expression of the consensus equilibrium which depends on the delay and on the initial conditions taken in an interval is derived. The results are supported through several simulations for different network symmetric communication schemes.

  • 10. Anderson, R. P.
    et al.
    Milutinovic, D.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Self-triggered stabilization of continuous stochastic state-feedback controlled systems2013In: 2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013, 2013, p. 1151-1155Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Event-triggered and self-triggered control, in which the time of update to the controls is based on either current or outdated sampled data, have recently been employed to reduce the computational load or resource consumption for distributed real-time control systems. In this work, we propose a self-triggered scheme for nonlinear controlled stochastic differential equations with additive noise terms. A self-triggering update condition is derived that guarantees stability in the p-th moment of the state distribution. We show that the length of the times between controller updates as computed from the proposed scheme is strictly positive and provide examples.

  • 11. Anderson, R. P.
    et al.
    Milutinović, D.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Self-triggered sampling for second-moment stability of state-feedback controlled SDE systems2015In: Automatica, ISSN 0005-1098, E-ISSN 1873-2836, Vol. 54, p. 8-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Event-triggered and self-triggered control, whereby the times for controller updates are computed from sampled data, have recently been shown to reduce the computational load or increase task periods for real-time embedded control systems. In this work, we propose a self-triggered scheme for nonlinear controlled stochastic differential equations with additive noise terms. We find that the family of trajectories generated by these processes demands a departure from the standard deterministic approach to event- and self-triggering, and, for that reason, we use the statistics of the sampled-data system to derive a self-triggering update condition that guarantees second-moment stability. We show that the length of the times between controller updates as computed from the proposed scheme is strictly positive and provide related examples.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Sofie
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Nikou, Alexandros
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Control Synthesis for Multi-Agent Systems under Metric Interval Temporal Logic Specifications2017In: IFAC-PapersOnLine, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 50, p. 2397-2402Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a framework for automatic synthesis of a control sequence for multi-agent systems governed by continuous linear dynamics under timed constraints. First, the motion of the agents in the workspace is abstracted into individual Transition Systems (TS). Second, each agent is assigned with an individual formula given in Metric Interval Temporal Logic (MITL) and in parallel, the team of agents is assigned with a collaborative team formula. The proposed method is based on a correct-by-construction control synthesis method, and hence guarantees that the resulting closed-loop system will satisfy the desired specifications. The specifications considers boolean-valued properties under real-time bounds. Extended simulations has been performed in order to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed methodology.

  • 13.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Undamped Nonlinear Consensus Using Integral Lyapunov Functions2012In: 2012 American Control Conference (ACC), IEEE Computer Society, 2012, p. 6644-6649Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes a class of nonlinear consensus algorithms where the input of an agent can be decoupled into a product of a gain function of the agents own state, and a sum of interaction functions of the relative states of its neighbors. We prove the stability of the protocol for both single and double integrator dynamics using novel Lyapunov functions, and provide explicit formulas for the consensus points. The results are demonstrated through simulations of a realistic example within the framework of our proposed consensus algorithm.

  • 14.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed vs. centralized power systems frequency control2013In: 2013 European Control Conference, ECC 2013, 2013, p. 3524-3529Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers a distributed control algorithm for frequency control of electrical power systems. We propose a distributed controller which retains the reference frequency of the buses under unknown load changes, while asymptotically minimizing a quadratic cost of power generation. For comparison, we also propose a centralized controller which also retains the reference frequency while minimizing the same cost of power generation. We derive sufficient stability criteria for the parameters of both controllers. The controllers are evaluated by simulation on the IEEE 30 bus test network, where their performance is compared.

  • 15.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Control of MTDC Transmission Systems under Local Information2014In: Decision and Control (CDC), 2014 IEEE 53rd Annual Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, p. 1335-1340Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance electric power transmission, mainly due to its low resistive losses. In this paper a distributed controller for multi-terminal high-voltage direct current (MTDC) transmission systems is considered. Sufficient conditions for when the proposed controller renders the closed-loop system asymptotically stable are provided. Provided that the closed loop system is asymptotically stable, it is shown that in steady-state a weighted average of the deviations from the nominal voltages is zero. Furthermore, a quadratic cost of the current injections is minimized asymptotically.

  • 16.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed controllers for multiterminal HVDC transmission systems2017In: IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems, ISSN 2325-5870, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 564-574Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance electric power transmission, mainly due to its low resistive losses. In this paper the voltagedroop method (VDM) is reviewed, and three novel distributed controllers for multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) transmission systems are proposed. Sufficient conditions for when the proposed controllers render the closed-loop system asymptotically stable are provided. These conditions give insight into suitable controller architecture, e.g., that the communication graph should be identical with the graph of the MTDC system, including edge weights. Provided that the closed-loop systems are asymptotically stable, it is shown that the voltages asymptotically converge to within predefined bounds. Furthermore, a quadratic cost of the injected currents is asymptotically minimized. The proposed controllers are evaluated on a four-bus MTDC system.

  • 17.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed PI-Control with Applications to Power Systems Frequency Control2014In: American Control Conference (ACC), 2014, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, p. 3183-3188Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers a distributed PI-controller for networked dynamical systems. Sufficient conditions for when the controller is able to stabilize a general linear system and eliminate static control errors are presented. The proposed controller is applied to frequency control of power transmission systems. Sufficient stability criteria are derived, and it is shown that the controller parameters can always be chosen so that the frequencies in the closed loop converge to nominal operational frequency. We show that the load sharing property of the generators is maintained, i.e., the input power of the generators is proportional to a controller parameter. The controller is evaluated by simulation on the IEEE 30 bus test network, where its effectiveness is demonstrated.

  • 18.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed Control of Networked Dynamical Systems: Static Feedback, Integral Action and Consensus2014In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 59, no 7, p. 1750-1764Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes distributed control protocols for first- and second-order networked dynamical systems. We propose a class of nonlinear consensus controllers where the input of each agent can be written as a product of a nonlinear gain, and a sum of nonlinear interaction functions. By using integral Lyapunov functions, we prove the stability of the proposed control protocols, and explicitly characterize the equilibrium set. We also propose a distributed proportional-integral (PI) controller for networked dynamical systems. The PI controllers successfully attenuate constant disturbances in the network. We prove that agents with single-integrator dynamics are stable for any integral gain, and give an explicit tight upper bound on the integral gain for when the system is stable for agents with double-integrator dynamics. Throughout the paper we highlight some possible applications of the proposed controllers by realistic simulations of autonomous satellites, power systems and building temperature control.

  • 19.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Nazari, Mohammad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electric Power Systems.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Ghandhari, Mehrdad
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electric Power Systems.
    Distributed Voltage and Current Control of Multi-Terminal High-Voltage Direct Current Transmission Systems2014In: Proceedings of the 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014, IFAC Papers Online, 2014, Vol. 19, p. 11910-11916Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) is a commonly used technology for long-distance power transmission, due to its low resistive losses and low costs. In this paper, a novel distributed controller for multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) systems is proposed. Under certain conditions on the controller gains, it is shown to stabilize the MTDC system. The controller is shown to always keep the voltages close to the nominal voltage, while assuring that the injected power is shared fairly among the converters. The theoretical results are validated by simulations, where the affect of communication time-delays is also studied.

  • 20.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sandberg, Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed integral action: stability analysis and frequency control of power systems2012In: 2012 IEEE 51st Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), IEEE , 2012, p. 2077-2083Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes distributed proportional-integral controllers. We prove that integral action can be successfully applied to consensus algorithms, where attenuation of static disturbances is achieved. These control algorithms are applied to decentralized frequency control of electrical power systems. We show that the proposed algorithm can attenuate step disturbances of power loads. We provide simulations of the proposed control algorithm on the IEEE 30 bus test system that demonstrate its efficiency.

  • 21.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Wiget, R.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Andersson, G.
    Coordinated frequency control through MTDC transmission systems2015In: IFAC Proceedings, Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 48, no 22, p. 106-111Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose a distributed dynamic controller for sharing frequency control reserves of asynchronous AC systems connected through a multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) grid. We derive sufficient stability conditions, which guarantee that the frequencies of the AC systems converge to the nominal frequency. Simultaneously, the global quadratic cost of power generation is minimized, resulting in an optimal distribution of generation control reserves. The proposed controller also regulates the voltages of the MTDC grid, asymptotically minimizing a quadratic cost function of the deviations from the nominal voltages. The proposed controller is tested on a high-order dynamic model of a power system consisting of asynchronous AC grids, modelled as IEEE 14 bus networks, connected through a six-terminal HVDC grid. The performance of the controller is successfully evaluated through simulation.

  • 22.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Wiget, R.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Andersson, G.
    Distributed Frequency Control Through MTDC Transmission Systems2017In: IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, ISSN 0885-8950, E-ISSN 1558-0679, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 250-260, article id 7456314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose distributed dynamic controllers for sharing both frequency containment and restoration reserves of asynchronous ac systems connected through a multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) grid. The communication structure of the controller is distributed in the sense that only local and neighboring state information is needed, rather than the complete state. We derive sufficient stability conditions, which guarantee that the ac frequencies converge to the nominal frequency. Simultaneously, a global quadratic power generation cost function is minimized. The proposed controller also regulates the voltages of the MTDC grid, asymptotically minimizing a quadratic cost function of the deviations from the nominal dc voltages. The results are valid for distributed cable models of the HVDC grid (e.g., $\pi$-links), as well as ac systems of arbitrary number of synchronous machines, each modeled by the swing equation. We also propose a decentralized communication-free version of the controller. The proposed controllers are tested on a high-order dynamic model of a power system consisting of asynchronous ac grids, modeled as IEEE 14 bus networks, connected through a six-terminal HVDC grid. The performance of the controller is successfully evaluated through simulation. © 1969-2012 IEEE.

  • 23.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Wiget, Roger
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Andersson, Goran
    Distributed Secondary Frequency Control through MTDC Transmission Systems2015In: 2015 54TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL (CDC), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015, p. 2627-2634Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present distributed controllers for sharing primary and secondary frequency control reserves for asynchronous AC transmission systems, which are connected through a multi-terminal HVDC grid. By using Lyapunov arguments, the equilibria of the closed-loop system are shown to be globally asymptotically stable. We quantify the static errors of the voltages and frequencies, and give upper bounds for these errors. It is also shown that the controllers have the property of power sharing, i.e., primary and secondary frequency control reserves are shared fairly amongst the AC systems. The proposed controllers are applied to a high-order dynamic model of of a power system consisting of asynchronous AC grids connected through a six-terminal HVDC grid.

  • 24.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Wiget, Roger
    ETH Zurich.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Andersson, Göran
    ETH Zurich.
    Distributed Primary Frequency Control through Multi-Terminal HVDC Transmission Systems2015In: American Control Conference (ACC), 2015, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 5029-5034Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a decentralized controller for sharing primary AC frequency control reserves through a multi-terminal HVDC grid. By using passivity arguments, the proposed controller is shown to stabilize the closed-loop system consisting of the interconnected AC and HVDC grids, given any positive controller gains. The static control errors resulting from the proportional controller are quantified and bounded by analyzing the equilibrium of the closed-loop system. The proposed controller is applied to a test grid consisting of three asynchronous AC areas interconnected by an HVDC grid, and its effectiveness is validated through simulation.

  • 25.
    Andreasson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Wiget, Roger
    Power Systems Laboratory,Switzerland.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Andersson, Göran
    Power Systems Laboratory,Switzerland.
    Distributed Secondary Frequency Control through Multi-Terminal HVDC Transmission Systems2015In: Decision and Control (CDC), 2015 IEEE 54th Annual Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2015, p. 2627-2634Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present distributed controllers for sharing primary and secondary frequency control reserves for asynchronous AC transmission systems, which are connected through a multi-terminal HVDC grid. By using passivity arguments, the equilibria of the closed-loop system are shown to be globally asymptotically stable. We quantify the static errors of the voltages and frequencies, and give upper bounds for these errors. It is also shown that the controllers have the property of power sharing, i.e., primary and secondary frequency control reserves are shared fairly amongst the AC systems. The proposed controllers are applied to a high-order dynamic model of of a power system consisting of asynchronous AC grids connected through a 6-terminal HVDC grid.

  • 26. Aragues, R.
    et al.
    Shi, Guodong
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Sagues, C.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed algebraic connectivity estimation for adaptive event-triggered consensus2012In: American Control Conference (ACC), 2012, IEEE , 2012, p. 32-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In several multi agent control problems, the convergence properties and speed of the system depend on the algebraic connectivity of the graph. We discuss a particular event-triggered consensus scenario, and show that the availability of an estimate of the algebraic connectivity could be used for adapting the behavior of the average consensus algorithm. We present a novel distributed algorithm for estimating the algebraic connectivity, that relies on the distributed computation of the powers of matrices. We provide proofs of convergence, convergence rate, and upper and lower bounds at each iteration of the estimated algebraic connectivity.

  • 27. Aragues, Rosario
    et al.
    Shi, Guodong
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Saguees, Carlos
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Mezouar, Youcef
    Distributed algebraic connectivity estimation for undirected graphs with upper and lower bounds2014In: Automatica, ISSN 0005-1098, E-ISSN 1873-2836, Vol. 50, no 12, p. 3253-3259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The algebraic connectivity of the graph Laplacian plays an essential role in various multi-agent control systems. In many cases a lower bound of this algebraic connectivity is necessary in order to achieve a certain performance. Lately, several methods based on distributed Power Iteration have been proposed for computing the algebraic connectivity of a symmetric Laplacian matrix. However, these methods cannot give any lower bound of the algebraic connectivity and their convergence rates are often unclear. In this paper, we present a distributed algorithm for estimating the algebraic connectivity for undirected graphs with symmetric Laplacian matrices. Our method relies on the distributed computation of the powers of the adjacency matrix and its main interest is that, at each iteration, agents obtain both upper and lower bounds for the true algebraic connectivity. Both bounds successively approach the true algebraic connectivity with the convergence speed no slower than O(1/k).

  • 28. Bechlioulis, C. P.
    et al.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Kyriakopoulos, K. J.
    Robust control of large vehicular platoons with prescribed transient and steady state performance2014In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, no February, p. 3689-3694Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we consider the longitudinal control problem for a platoon of vehicles with unknown nonlinear dynamics. More specifically, we design a decentralized model-free control protocol in the sense that each vehicle utilizes only local relative information regarding its front vehicle, obtained by its on-board sensors, to calculate its own control signal, without incorporating any prior knowledge of the model nonlinearities/disturbances or any approximation structures to acquire such knowledge. Additionally, the transient and steady state response is a priori determined by certain designer-specified performance functions and is fully decoupled by the agents' dynamic model, the number of vehicles composing the platoon and the control gains selection, which relaxes significantly the control design procedure. Moreover, introducing certain inter-vehicular distance constraints during the transient response shaping, collisions between successive vehicles as well as connectivity breaks owing to limited sensing capabilities are provably avoided. Finally, the proposed methodology results in a low complexity design. Actually, it is a static scheme involving very few and simple calculations to output the control signal, thus making its distributed implementation straightforward.

  • 29.
    Bisoffi, Andrea
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Automatic Control.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Automatic Control.
    A hybrid barrier certificate approach to satisfy linear temporal logic specifications2018In: 2018 Annual American Control Conference (ACC), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018, p. 634-639, article id 8430795Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we formulate the satisfaction of a (syntactically co-safe) linear temporal logic specification on a physical plant through a recent hybrid dynamical systems formalism. In order to solve this problem, we introduce an extension to such a hybrid system framework of the so-called eventuality property, which matches suitably the condition for the satisfaction of such a temporal logic specification. The eventuality property can be established through barrier certificates, which we derive for the considered hybrid system framework. Using a hybrid barrier certificate, we propose a solution to the original problem. Simulations illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. 2018 AACC.

  • 30. Boccia, Antonio
    et al.
    Adaldo, Antonio
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    di Bernardo, Mario
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Tracking a mobile target by multi-robot circumnavigation using bearing measurements2017In: 2017 IEEE 56TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL (CDC), IEEE , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study a problem of target tracking and circumnavigation with a network of autonomous agents. We propose a distributed algorithm to estimate the position of the target and drive the agents to rotate around it while forming a regular polygon and keeping a desired distance. We formally show that the algorithm attains exponential convergence of the agents to the desired polygon if the target is stationary, and bounded convergence if the target is moving with bounded speed. Numerical simulations corroborate the theoretical results and demonstrate the resilience of the network to addition and removal of agents.

  • 31. Borri, A.
    et al.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Di Benedetto, M. D.
    Pola, G.
    Decentralized symbolic control of interconnected systems with application to vehicle platooning2013In: IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 2013, no PART 1, p. 285-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims at extending some concepts of symbolic control design to decentralized control structures, with an approximate simulation approach. Symbolic models and controllers are based on abstractions of continuous dynamics where one symbol corresponds to an aggregate of continuous states. We consider a serial interconnection of continuous nonlinear systems and we address the decentralized design of local controllers to accomplish a given specification on the overall system. The results are applied to a vehicle platooning problem, where we jointly fulfill a safety constraint (collision avoidance) and reduce the fuel consumption.

  • 32.
    Boskos, Dimitris
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Abstractions of Varying Decentralization Degree for Coupled Multi-Agent Systems2016In: 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 81-86, article id 7798250Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we aim at the development of a decentralized abstraction framework for multi-agent systems under coupled constraints, with the possibility for a varying degree of decentralization. The methodology is based on the analysis employed in our recent work, where decentralized abstractions based exclusively on the information of each agent's neighbors were derived. In the first part of this paper, we define the notion each agent's m-neighbor set, which constitutes a measure for the employed degree of decentralization. Then, sufficient conditions are provided on the space and time discretization that provides the abstract system's model, which guarantee the extraction of a meaningful transition system with quantifiable transition possibilities.

  • 33.
    Boskos, Dimitris
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Decentralized abstractions for feedback interconnected multi-agent systems2016In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, p. 282-287Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to define abstractions for multi-agent systems under coupled constraints. In the proposed decentralized framework, we specify a finite or countable transition system for each agent which only takes into account the discrete positions of its neighbors. The dynamics of the considered systems consist of two components. An appropriate feedback law which guarantees that certain performance requirements (e.g., connectivity) are preserved and induces the coupled constraints, and additional free inputs which are exploited for the accomplishment of high level tasks. In this work we provide sufficient conditions on the space and time discretization for the abstraction of the system's behaviour which ensure that we can extract a well posed and hence meaningful transition system.

  • 34.
    Boskos, Dimitris
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Online Abstractions for Interconnected Multi-Agent Control Systems2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we aim at the development of an online abstraction framework for multi-agent systems under coupled constraints. The motion capabilities of each agent are abstracted through a finite state transition system in order to capture reachability properties of the coupled multi-agent system over a finite time horizon in a decentralized manner. In the first part of this work, we define online abstractions by discretizing an overapproximation of the agents' reachable sets over the horizon. Then, sufficient conditions relating the discretization and the agents' dynamics are provided, in order to quantify the agents' transition possibilities.

  • 35.
    Boskos, Dimitris
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Robustness and invariance of connectivity maintenance control for multiagent systems2017In: SIAM Journal of Control and Optimization, ISSN 0363-0129, E-ISSN 1095-7138, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 1887-1914Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is focused on a cooperative control design Which guarantees robust connectivity and invariance of a multiagent network inside a bounded domain, under the presence of additional bounded input terms in each agent's dynamics. In particular, under the assumptions that the domain is convex and has a smooth boundary, we can design a repulsion vector field near its boundary, Which ensures invariance of the agents' trajectories and does not affect the robustness properties of the control part that is exploited for connectivity maintenance.

  • 36.
    Boskos, Dmitris
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Decentralized abstractions for feedback interconnected multi-agent systems2016In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, p. 282-287Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to define abstractions for multi-agent systems under coupled constraints. In the proposed decentralized framework, we specify a finite or countable transition system for each agent which only takes into account the discrete positions of its neighbors. The dynamics of the considered systems consist of two components. An appropriate feedback law which guarantees that certain performance requirements (e.g., connectivity) are preserved and induces the coupled constraints, and additional free inputs which are exploited for the accomplishment of high level tasks. In this work we provide sufficient conditions on the space and time discretization for the abstraction of the system's behaviour which ensure that we can extract a well posed and hence meaningful transition system.

  • 37.
    Boskos, Dmitris
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Robust connectivity analysis for multi-agent systems2016In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, IEEE conference proceedings, 2016, p. 6767-6772Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we provide a decentralized robust control approach, which guarantees that connectivity of a multi-agent network is maintained when certain bounded input terms are added to the control strategy. Our main motivation for this framework is to determine abstractions for multi-agent systems under coupled constraints which are further exploited for the synthesis of high level plans.

  • 38.
    Colledanchise, Michele
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computer Vision and Active Perception, CVAP.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Ögren, Petter
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computer Vision and Active Perception, CVAP.
    Robot navigation under uncertainties using event based sampling2014In: Decision and Control (CDC), 2014 IEEE 53rd Annual Conference on, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, p. 1438-1445Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many robot applications, sensor feedback is needed to reduce uncertainties in environment models. However, sensor data acquisition also induces costs in terms of the time elapsed to make the observations and the computations needed to find new estimates. In this paper, we show how to use event based sampling to reduce the number of measurements done, thereby saving time, computational resources and power, without jeopardizing critical system properties such as safety and goal convergence. This is done by combining recent advances in nonlinear estimation with event based control using artificial potential fields. The results are particularly useful for real time systems such as high speed vehicles or teleoperated robots, where the cost of taking measurements is even higher, in terms of stops or transmission times. We conclude the paper with a set of simulations to illustrate the effectiveness of the approach and compare it with a baseline approach using periodic measurements.

  • 39.
    Colledanchise, Michele
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computer Vision and Active Perception, CVAP. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Ögren, Petter
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computer Vision and Active Perception, CVAP. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Obstacle avoidance in formation using navigation-like functions and constraint based programming2013In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2013 IEEE/RSJ, IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, p. 5234-5239Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we combine navigation functionlike potential fields and constraint based programming to achieve obstacle avoidance in formation. Constraint based programming was developed in robotic manipulation as a technique to take several constraints into account when controlling redundant manipulators. The approach has also been generalized, and applied to other control systems such as dual arm manipulators and unmanned aerial vehicles. Navigation functions are an elegant way to design controllers with provable properties for navigation problems. By combining these tools, we take advantage of the redundancy inherent in a multi-agent control problem and are able to concurrently address features such as formation maintenance and goal convergence, even in the presence of moving obstacles. We show how the user can decide a priority ordering of the objectives, as well as a clear way of seeing what objectives are currently addressed and what are postponed. We also analyze the theoretical properties of the proposed controller. Finally, we use a set of simulations to illustrate the approach.

  • 40.
    Colledanchise, Michele
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Robotics, perception and learning, RPL.
    Marzinotto, Alejandro
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Robotics, perception and learning, RPL.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Ögren, Petter
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Robotics, perception and learning, RPL.
    The advantages of using behavior trees in multi-robot systems2016In: 47th International Symposium on Robotics, ISR 2016, VDE Verlag GmbH, 2016, p. 23-30Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-robot teams offer possibilities of improved performance and fault tolerance, compared to single robot solutions. In this paper, we show how to realize those possibilities when starting from a single robot system controlled by a Behavior Tree (BT). By extending the single robot BT to a multi-robot BT, we are able to combine the fault tolerant properties of the BT, in terms of built-in fallbacks, with the fault tolerance inherent in multi-robot approaches, in terms of a faulty robot being replaced by another one. Furthermore, we improve performance by identifying and taking advantage of the opportunities of parallel task execution, that are present in the single robot BT. Analyzing the proposed approach, we present results regarding how mission performance is affected by minor faults (a robot losing one capability) as well as major faults (a robot losing all its capabilities).

  • 41.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Gustavi, Tove
    Egerstedt, Magnus
    Hu, Xiaoming
    On the Number of Leaders Needed to Ensure Network Connectivity2008In: 47TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL, 2008 (CDC 2008), IEEE conference proceedings, 2008, p. 1797-1802Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we examine the leader-to-follower ratio needed to maintain connectivity in a leader-follower multi-agent network with proximity based communication topology. In the scenario we consider, only the leaders are aware of the global mission, which is to converge to a known destination point. Thus, the objective of the leaders is to drag the team to the desired goal. In the paper we obtain bounds on the number of leaders needed to complete the task while guaranteeing that connectedness of the communication graph is maintained. The results are first established for an initially complete communication graph and then extended to the incomplete case. The results are illustrated by computer simulations.

  • 42.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    L2 Gain Stability Analysis of Event-triggered Agreement Protocols2011In: 50th IEEE Conference of Decision and Control (CDC)/European Control Conference (CDC-ECC), 2011, p. 2130-2135Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We extend our previous results on event-triggered agreement by proposing a triggering mechanism that is finite L-2 gain stable with respect to additive disturbances in the open loop dynamics of the agents. Moreover, the control design is both distributed and provides strictly positive inter-execution times. Simulation examples support the derived theoretical results

  • 43.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control.
    Sufficient Conditions for Decentralized Navigation Functions Based Controllers using Canonical Vector Fields2011In: 2011 50TH IEEE CONFERENCE ON DECISION AND CONTROL AND EUROPEAN CONTROL CONFERENCE (CDC-ECC), 2011, p. 6433-6438Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     A combination of dual Lyapunov analysis and properties of decentralized navigation function based controllers is used to check the stability properties of a certain class of decentralized controllers for navigation and collision avoidance in multi-agent systems. The derived results yield a less conservative condition from previous approaches, which relates to the negativity of the sum of the minimum eigenvalues of the Hessian matrices at the critical points, instead of requiring each of the eigenvalues to be negative itself. This provides an improved characterization of the reachable set of this class of decentralized navigation function based controllers, which is less conservative than the previous results for the same class of controllers.

  • 44.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Sufficient Conditions for Decentralized Potential Functions Based Controllers Using Canonical Vector Fields2012In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 57, no 10, p. 2621-2626Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A combination of dual Lyapunov analysis and properties of decentralized navigation function based controllers is used to check the stability properties of a certain class of decentralized controllers for navigation and collision avoidance in multiagent systems. The derived results yield a less conservative condition from previous approaches, which relates to the negativity of the sum of the minimum eigenvalues of the Hessian matrices at the critical points, instead of requiring each of the eigenvalues to be negative itself. This provides an improved characterization of the reachable set of this class of decentralized navigation function based controllers, which is less conservative than the previous results for the same class of controllers.

  • 45. Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    et al.
    Frazzoli, E.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed self-triggered control for multi-agent systems2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is desirable to limit the amount of communication and computation generated by each agent in a large multi-agent system. Event- and self-triggered control strategies have been recently proposed as alternatives to traditional time-triggered periodic sampling for feedback control systems. In this paper we consider self-triggered control applied to a multi-agent system with an agreement objective. Each agent computes its next update time instance at the previous time. This formulation extends considerably our recent work on event-based control, because in the self-triggered setting the agents do not have to keep track of the state error that triggers the actuation between consecutive update instants. Both a centralized and a distributed self-triggered control architecture are presented and shown to achieve the agreement objective. The results are illustrated through simulated examples.

  • 46.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS.
    Frazzoli, Emilio
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Distributed Event-Triggered Control for Multi-Agent Systems2012In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 1291-1297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Event-driven strategies for multi-agent systems are motivated by the future use of embedded microprocessors with limited resources that will gather information and actuate the individual agent controller updates. The controller updates considered here are event-driven, depending on the ratio of a certain measurement error with respect to the norm of a function of the state, and are applied to a first order agreement problem. A centralized formulation is considered first and then its distributed counterpart, in which agents require knowledge only of their neighbors' states for the controller implementation. The results are then extended to a self-triggered setup, where each agent computes its next update time at the previous one, without having to keep track of the state error that triggers the actuation between two consecutive update instants. The results are illustrated through simulation examples.

  • 47.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Bounded control of network connectivity in multi-agent systems2010In: IET Control Theory & Applications, ISSN 1751-8644, E-ISSN 1751-8652, Vol. 4, no 8, p. 1330-1338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A distributed control law that guarantees connectivity maintenance in a network of multiple mobile agents is presented. The control law, which lets the agents perform formation manoeuvres, respects sensor limitations by allowing each agent to only take into account agents within its sensing radius. In contrast to previous approaches to the problem, the proposed control law does not attain infinite values whenever an edge of the communication graph tends to be lost. This is achieved via the use of decentralised navigation functions, which are bounded potential fields. The navigation functions are defined to take into account the connectivity maintenance objective. The authors first treat the case of connectivity maintenance for a static communication graph and then extend the result to the case of dynamic graphs. The results are illustrated on a formation control problem.

  • 48.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl H.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Stability analysis for multi-agent systems using the incidence matrix: Quantized communication and formation control2010In: Automatica, ISSN 0005-1098, E-ISSN 1873-2836, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 695-700Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The spectral properties of the incidence matrix of the communication graph are exploited to provide solutions to two multi-agent control problems. In particular, we consider the problem of state agreement with quantized communication and the problem of distance-based formation control. In both cases, stabilizing control laws are provided when the communication graph is a tree. It is shown how the relation between tree graphs and the null space of the corresponding incidence matrix encode fundamental properties for these two multi-agent control problems.

  • 49.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Analysis of robot navigation schemes using Rantzer's Dual Lyapunov Theorem2008In: 2008 AMERICAN CONTROL CONFERENCE, 2008, p. 201-206Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When robots are driven by the negative gradient of a potential field that consists of the sum of an attractive and a repulsive term, convergence to the desired configuration cannot be guaranteed by traditional Lyapunov techniques. In this paper, sufficient conditions for convergence of such systems are provided instead with the use of Rantzer's Dual Lyaptinov Theorem. In particular, a condition that involves the trace of the Hessian matrix of the potential function is derived and then applied to the cases of navigation of a single robot and of multi-robot formation stabilization. The main result of the paper states that a sufficient condition for convergence to a desired configuration in both cases is that the attractive potential admits a sufficiently large gain. A lower bound on the attractive potential is computed. Computer simulations that support the new results are provided.

  • 50.
    Dimarogonas, Dimos V.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Johansson, Karl Henrik
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Decentralized connectivity maintenance in mobile networks with bounded inputs2008In: 2008 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, 2008, p. 1507-1512Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A distributed control law that guarantees connectivity maintenance in a network of multiple mobile agents is presented. The control law respects the limited sensing capabilities of the agents by allowing each agent to take into account only agents within its sensing radius in the controller implementation. In contrast to previous approaches to the problem, the proposed control law does not attain infinite values whenever an edge tends to be lost, and is therefore a bounded distributed control law. This is achieved via the use of decentralized navigation functions which are potential fields with guaranteed boundedness and are redefined in this paper in order to take into account the connectivity maintenance objective. We first treat the case of connectivity maintenance in a static initial position based communication graph and extend the results to the case of dynamic edge addition. The results are then applied to a formation control problem.

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