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• 1. Agarwalla, Sanjib Kumar
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. Harish-Chandra Research Institute, India .
Probing neutrino oscillation parameters using high power superbeam from ESS2014Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 12, s. 020-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

A high-power neutrino superbeam experiment at the ESS facility has been proposed such that the source-detector distance falls at the second oscillation maximum, giving very good sensitivity towards establishing CP violation. In this work, we explore the comparative physics reach of the experiment in terms of leptonic CP-violation, precision on atmospheric parameters, non-maximal theta(23), and its octant for a variety of choices for the baselines. We also vary the neutrino vs. the anti-neutrino running time for the beam, and study its impact on the physics goals of the experiment. We find that for the determination of CP violation, 540 km baseline with 7 years of nu and 3 years of (v) over bar (7v + 3 (v) over bar) run-plan performs the best and one expects a 5 sigma sensitivity to CP violation for 48% of true values of delta (CP). The projected reach for the 200 km baseline with 7v + 3 (v) over bar run-plan is somewhat worse with 5 sigma sensitivity for 34% of true values of delta(CP). On the other hand, for the discovery of a non-maximal theta(23) and its octant, the 200 km baseline option with run-plan performs significantly better than the other baselines. A 5 sigma determination of a non-maximal theta(23) can be made if the true value of sin(2) theta(23) less than or similar to 0.45 or sin(2) theta(23) greater than or similar to 0.57. The octant of theta(23) could be resolved at 5 sigma if the true value of sin(2) theta(23) less than or similar to 0.43 or greater than or similar to 0.59, irrespective of delta(CP).

• 2. Agarwalla, S.K.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
EUROnu-WP6 2010 Report2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)

This is a summary of the work done by the Working Package 6 (Physics) of the EU project "EUROnu" during the second year of activity of the project.

• 3.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Comment on "Is Dark Matter with Long-Range Interactions a Solution to All Small-Scale Problems of Λ Cold Dark Matter Cosmology?"2013Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 111, nr 19, s. 199001-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
• 4.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Neutrino oscillations: Theory and phenomenology2011Inngår i: Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements, ISSN 0920-5632, Vol. 221, s. 19-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

A brief overview of selected topics in the theory and phenomenology of neutrino oscillations is given. These include: oscillations in vacuum and in matter; phenomenology of 3-flavour neutrino oscillations; CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations in vacuum and in matter; matter effects on ν μ↔ν τ oscillations; parametric resonance in neutrino oscillations inside the earth; oscillations below and above the MSW resonance; unsettled issues in the theory of neutrino oscillations.

• 5.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Stability and leptogenesis in the left-right symmetric seesaw mechanism2007Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 4, s. 022-1-022-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We analyze the left-right symmetric type I+II seesaw mechanism, where an eight-fold degeneracy among the mass matrices of heavy right-handed neutrinos M-R is known to exist. Using the stability property of the solutions and their ability to lead to successful baryogenesis via leptogenesis as additional criteria, we discriminate among these eight solutions and partially lift their eight-fold degeneracy. In particular, we find that viable leptogenesis is generically possible for four out of the eight solutions.

• 6. Antusch, Stefan
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Perturbative estimates of lepton mixing angles in unified models2009Inngår i: Nuclear Physics B, ISSN 0550-3213, E-ISSN 1873-1562, Vol. 820, nr 1-2, s. 32-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

Many unified models predict two large neutrino mixing angles, with the charged lepton mixing angles being small and quark-like, and the neutrino masses being hierarchical. Assuming this, we present simple approximate analytic formulae giving the lepton mixing angles in terms of the underlying high energy neutrino mixing angles together with small perturbations due to both charged lepton corrections and renormalisation group (RG) effects, including also the effects of third family canonical normalization (CN). We apply the perturbative formulae to the ubiquitous case of tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing at the unification scale, in order to predict the theoretical corrections to mixing angle predictions and sum rule relations, and give a general discussion of all limiting cases. We also discuss the implications for the sum rule relations of the measurement of a non-zero reactor angle, as hinted at by recent experimental measurements.

• 7. Antusch, Stefan
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Quark mixing sum rules and the right unitarity triangle2010Inngår i: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 81, nr 3, s. 033008-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

In analogy with the recently proposed lepton mixing sum rules, we derive quark mixing sum rules for the case of hierarchical quark mass matrices with 1-3 texture zeros, in which the separate up and down-type 1-3 mixing angles are approximately zero, and V-ub is generated from V-cb as a result of 1-2 up-type quark mixing. Using the sum rules, we discuss the phenomenological viability of such textures, including up to four texture zeros, and show how the right-angled unitarity triangle, i.e., alpha approximate to 90 degrees, can be accounted for by a remarkably simple scheme involving real mass matrices apart from a single element being purely imaginary. In the framework of grand unified theories, we show how the quark and lepton mixing sum rules may combine to yield an accurate prediction for the reactor angle.

• 8. Baussan, E.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
A very intense neutrino super beam experiment for leptonic CP violation discovery based on the European spallation source linac2014Inngår i: Nuclear Physics B, ISSN 0550-3213, E-ISSN 1873-1562, Vol. 885, s. 127-149Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

Very intense neutrino beams and large neutrino detectors will be needed in order to enable the discovery of CP violation in the leptonic sector. We propose to use the proton linac of the European Spoliation Source currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, to deliver, in parallel with the spoliation neutron production, a very intense, cost effective and high performance neutrino beam. The baseline program for the European Spoliation Source linac is that it will be fully operational at 5 MW average power by 2022, producing 2 GeV 2.86 ms long proton pulses at a rate of 14 Hz. Our proposal is to upgrade the linac to 10 MW average power and 28 Hz, producing 14 pulses/s for neutron production and 14 pulses/s for neutrino production. Furthermore, because of the high current required in the pulsed neutrino horn, the length of the pulses used for neutrino production needs to be compressed to a few mu s with the aid of an accumulator ring. A long baseline experiment using this Super Beam and a megaton underground Water Cherenkov detector located in existing mines 300-600 km from Lund will make it possible to discover leptonic CP violation at 5 sigma significance level in up to 50% of the leptonic Dirac CP-violating phase range. This experiment could also determine the neutrino mass hierarchy at a significance level of more than 3 sigma if this issue will not already have been settled by other experiments by then. The mass hierarchy performance could be increased by combining the neutrino beam results with those obtained from atmospheric neutrinos detected by the same large volume detector. This detector will also be used to measure the proton lifetime, detect cosmological neutrinos and neutrinos from supernova explosions. Results on the sensitivity to leptonic CP violation and the neutrino mass hierarchy are presented.

• 9.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Bayesian evidence for non-zero theta(13) and CP-violation in neutrino oscillations2012Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 2012, nr 8, s. 163-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We present the Bayesian method for evaluating the evidence for a non-zero value of the leptonic mixing angle theta(13) and CP-violation in neutrino oscillation experiments. This is an application of the well-established method of Bayesian model selection, of which we give a concise and pedagogical overview. When comparing the hypothesis theta(13) = 0 with hypotheses where theta(13) > 0 using global data but excluding the recent reactor measurements, we obtain only a weak preference for a non-zero theta(13), even though the significance is over 3 sigma. We then add the reactor measurements one by one and show how the evidence for theta(13) > 0 quickly increases. When including the DOUBLE CHOOZ, DAYA BAY, and RENO data, the evidence becomes overwhelming with a posterior probability of the hypothesis theta(13) = 0 below 10(-11). Owing to the small amount of information on the CP-phase delta, very similar evidences are obtained for the CP-conserving and CP-violating hypotheses. Hence, there is, not unexpectedly, neither evidence for nor against leptonic CP-violation. However, when future experiments aiming to search for CP-violation have started taking data, this question will be of great importance and the method described here can be used as an important complement to standard analyses.

• 10.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Combining and comparing neutrinoless double beta decay experiments using different nuclei2013Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 2, s. 093-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We perform a global fit of the most relevant neutrinoless double beta decay experiments within the standard model with massive Majorana neutrinos. Using Bayesian inference makes it possible to take into account the theoretical uncertainties on the nuclear matrix elements in a fully consistent way. First, we analyze the data used to claim the observation of neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76, and find strong evidence (according to Jeffrey's scale) for a peak in the spectrum and moderate evidence for that the peak is actually close to the energy expected for the neutrinoless decay. We also find a significantly larger statistical error than the original analysis, which we include in the comparison with other data. Then, we statistically test the consistency between this claim with that of recent measurements using Xe-136. We find that the two data sets are about 40 to 80 times more probable under the assumption that they are inconsistent, depending on the nuclear matrix element uncertainties and the prior on the smallest neutrino mass. Hence, there is moderate to strong evidence of incompatibility, and for equal prior probabilities the posterior probability of compatibility is between 1.3% and 2.5%. If one, despite such evidence for incompatibility, combines the two data sets, we find that the total evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay is negligible. If one ignores the claim, there is weak evidence against the existence of the decay. We also perform approximate frequentist tests of compatibility for fixed ratios of the nuclear matrix elements, as well as of the no signal hypothesis. Generalization to other sets of experiments as well as other mechanisms mediating the decay is possible.

• 11.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Models in Neutrino Physics: Numerical and Statistical Studies2013Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)

The standard model of particle physics can excellently describe the vast majorityof data of particle physics experiments. However, in its simplest form, it cannot account for the fact that the neutrinos are massive particles and lepton flavorsmixed, as required by the observation of neutrino oscillations. Hence, the standardmodel must be extended in order to account for these observations, opening up thepossibility to explore new and interesting physical phenomena.

There are numerous models proposed to accommodate massive neutrinos. Thesimplest of these are able to describe the observations using only a small numberof effective parameters. Furthermore, neutrinos are the only known existing particleswhich have the potential of being their own antiparticles, a possibility that isactively being investigated through experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay.In this thesis, we analyse these simple models using Bayesian inference and constraintsfrom neutrino-related experiments, and we also investigate the potential offuture experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay to probe other kinds of newphysics.

In addition, more elaborate theoretical models of neutrino masses have beenproposed, with the seesaw models being a particularly popular group of models inwhich new heavy particles generate neutrino masses. We study low-scale seesawmodels, in particular the resulting energy-scale dependence of the neutrino parameters,which incorporate new particles with masses within the reach of current andfuture experiments, such as the LHC.

• 12.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Predictions of Effective Models in Neutrino Physics2011Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)

Experiments on neutrino oscillations have confirmed that neutrinos have small, but non-zero masses, and that the interacting neutrino states do not have definite masses, but are mixtures of such states.The seesaw models make up a group of popular models describing the small neutrino masses and the corresponding mixing.In these models, new, heavy fields are introduced and the neutrino masses are suppressed by the ratio between the electroweak scale and the large masses of the new fields. Usually, the new fields introduced have masses far above the electroweak scale, outside the reach of any foreseeable experiments, making these versions of seesaw models essentially untestable. However, there are also so-called low-scale seesaw models, where the new particles have masses above the electroweak scale, but within the reach of future experiments, such as the LHC.In quantum field theories, quantum corrections generally introduce an energy-scale dependence on all their parameters, described by the renormalization group equations. In this thesis, the energy-scale dependence of the neutrino parameters in two low-scale seesaw models, the low-scale type I and inverse seesaw models, are considered. Also, the question of whether the neutrinos are Majorana particles, \ie , their own antiparticles, has not been decided experimentally. Future experiments on neutrinoless double beta decay could confirm the Majorana nature of neutrinos. However, there could also be additional contributions to the decay, which are not directly related to neutrino masses. We have investigated the possible future bounds on the strength of such additional contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay, depending on the outcome of ongoing and planned experiments related to neutrino masses.

• 13.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Signatures of Unparticle Self-Interactions at the Large Hadron Collider2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave

Unparticle physics is the physics of a hidden sector which is conformal in the infrared and coupled to the Standard Model. The concept of unparticle physics was introduced by Howard Georgi in 2007 and has since then received a lot of attention, including many studies of its phenomenology in different situations. After a review of the necessary background material, the implications of the self-interactions of the unparticle sector for LHC physics is studied. More specifically, analyses of four-body final states consisting of photons and leptons are performed. The results are upper bounds on the total cross sections as well as distributions of transverse momentum.

• 14.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Renormalization group running of neutrino parameters in the inverse seesaw model2010Inngår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 81, nr 11, s. 116006-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We perform a detailed study of the renormalization group equations in the inverse seesaw model. Especially, we derive compact analytical formulas for the running of the neutrino parameters in the standard model and the minimal supersymmetric standard model, and illustrate that, due to large Yukawa coupling corrections, significant running effects on the leptonic mixing angles can be naturally obtained in the proximity of the electroweak scale, perhaps even within the reach of the LHC. In general, if the mass spectrum of the light neutrinos is nearly degenerate, the running effects are enhanced to experimentally accessible levels, well suitable for the investigation of the underlying dynamics behind the neutrino mass generation and the lepton flavor structure. In addition, the effects of the seesaw thresholds are discussed, and a brief comparison to other seesaw models is carried out.

• 15.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Constraining new physics with a positive or negative signal of neutrino-less double beta decay2011Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 2011, nr 05, s. 122-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate numerically how accurately one could constrain the strengths of different short-range contributions to neutrino-less double beta decay in effective field theory. Depending on the outcome of near-future experiments yielding information on the neutrino masses, the corresponding bounds or estimates can be stronger or weaker. A particularly interesting case, resulting in strong bounds, would be a positive signal of neutrino-less double beta decay that is consistent with complementary information from neutrino oscillation experiments, kinematical determinations of the neutrino mass, and measurements of the sum of light neutrino masses from cosmological observations. The keys to more robust bounds are improvements of the knowledge of the nuclear physics involved and a better experimental accuracy.

• 16.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Unparticle self-interactions at the Large Hadron Collider2009Inngår i: Physical Review D. Particles, fields, gravitation and cosmology, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 80, nr 11, s. 115014-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate the effect of unparticle self-interactions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Especially, we discuss the three-point correlation function, which is determined by conformal symmetry up to a constant, and study its relation to processes with four-particle final states. These processes could be used as a favorable way to look for unparticle physics, and for weak enough couplings to the standard model, even the only way. We find updated upper bounds on the cross sections for unparticle-mediated 4 gamma final states at the LHC and novel upper bounds for the corresponding 2 gamma 2l and 4l final states. The size of the allowed cross sections obtained are comparably large for large values of the scaling dimension of the unparticle sector, but they decrease with decreasing values of this parameter. In addition, we present relevant distributions for the different final states, enabling the possible identification of the unparticle scaling dimension if there was to be a large number of events of such final states at the LHC.

• 17.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Threshold effects on renormalization group running of neutrino parameters in the low-scale seesaw model2011Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 698, nr 4, s. 297-305Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We show that, in the low-scale type-I seesaw model, renormalization group running of neutrino parameters may lead to significant modifications of the leptonic mixing angles in view of so-called seesaw threshold effects. Especially, we derive analytical formulas for radiative corrections to neutrino parameters in crossing the different seesaw thresholds, and show that there may exist enhancement factors efficiently boosting the renormalization group running of the leptonic mixing angles. We find that, as a result of the seesaw threshold corrections to the leptonic mixing angles, various flavor symmetric mixing patterns (e.g., bi-maximal and tri-bimaximal mixing patterns) can be easily accommodated at relatively low energy scales, which is well within the reach of running and forthcoming experiments (e.g., the LHC).

• 18.
Universitat de Barcelona.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Bayesian Model comparison of Higgs couplings2015Inngår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 91, nr 7, artikkel-id 075008Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate the possibility of contributions from physics beyond the Standard Model (SM) to the Higgs couplings, in the light of the LHC data. The work is performed within an interim framework where the magnitude of the Higgs production and decay rates are rescaled through Higgs coupling scale factors. We perform Bayesian parameter inference on these scale factors, concluding that there is good compatibility with the SM. Furthermore, we carry out a Bayesian model comparison on all models where any combination of scale factors can differ from their SM values and find that typically models with fewer free couplings are strongly favored. We consider the evidence that each coupling individually equals the SM value, making the minimal assumptions on the other couplings. Finally, we make a comparison of the SM against a single "not-SM" model and find that there is moderate to strong evidence for the SM.

• 19. Bergström, Lars
Botner, OlgaCarlson, PerHulth, Per OlofOhlsson, TommyKTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Neutrino Physics: Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 1292006Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)

PREFACE

Nobel Symposium 129 on Neutrino Physics was held at Haga Slott in Enköping, Sweden during August 19–24, 2004. Invited to the symposium were around 40 globally leading researchers in the field of neutrino physics, both experimental and theoretical. In addition to these participants, some 30 local researchers and graduate students participated in the symposium.

The dominant theme of the lectures was neutrino oscillations, which after several years were recently verified by results from the Super-Kamiokande detector in Kamioka, Japan and the SNO detector in Sudbury, Canada. Discussion focused especially on effects of neutrino oscillations derived from the presence of matter and the fact that three different neutrinos exist. Since neutrino oscillations imply that neutrinos have mass, this is the first experimental observation that fundamentally deviates from the standard model of particle physics. This is a challenge to both theoretical and experimental physics. The various oscillation parameters will be determined with increased precision in new, specially designed experiments. Theoretical physics is working intensively to insert the knowledge that neutrinos have mass into the theoretical models that describe particle physics. It will probably turn out that the discovery of neutrino oscillations signifies a breakthrough in the description of the very smallest constituents of matter. The lectures provided a very good description of the intensive situation in the field right now. The topics discussed also included mass models for neutrinos, neutrinos in extra dimensions as well as the `seesaw mechanism', which provides a good description of why neutrino masses are so small.

Also discussed, besides neutrino oscillations, was the new field of neutrino astronomy. Among the questions that neutrino astronomy hopes to answer are what the dark matter in the Universe consists of and where cosmic radiation at extremely high energies comes from. For this purpose, large neutrino telescopes are built deep in the Antarctic ice, in the Baikal Lake, and in the Mediterranean Sea.

Among prominent unanswered questions, highlighted as one of the most important, was whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles. By studying neutrino double beta decay, researchers hope to answer this question, but it will put very large demands on detectors.

The programme also included ample time for lively and valuable discussions, which cannot normally be held at ordinary conferences.

The symposium concluded with a round-table discussion, where participants discussed the future of neutrino physics.Without a doubt, neutrino physics today is moving toward a very exciting and interesting period.

An important contribution to the success of the symposium was the wonderful setting that the Haga Slott manor house hotel and conference center offered to the participants.

• 20. Bertolini, S.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
The quantum vacuum of the minimal SO(10) GUT2010Inngår i: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 259, nr 1, s. 012098-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We reexamine the longstanding no-go excluding all potentially viable SO(10) →SU(3)c⊗ SU(2)L ⊗ U(1)Y symmetry breaking patterns within the minimal renormalizable non-supersymmetric SO(10) GUT framework featuring the 45-dimensional adjoint representation in the Higgs sector. A simple symmetry argument indicates that quantum effects do change the vacuum structure of the model dramatically. A thorough analysis of the one-loop effective potential reveals that the phenomenologically favoured symmetry breaking chains passing through the SU(4)C ⊗ SU(2)L ⊗ U(1)R or SU(3)c ⊗ SU(2)L ⊗ SU(2)R ⊗ U(1)B-L intermediate stages are, indeed, supported at the quantum level. This brings the class of minimal non-supersymmetric SO(10) GUTs back from oblivion, providing a new ground for a potentially realistic model building.

• 21. Bertolini, Stefano
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Intermediate mass scales in the nonsupersymmetric SO(10) grand unification: A reappraisal2009Inngår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 80, nr 1, s. 015013-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

The constraints of gauge unification on intermediate mass scales in nonsupersymmetric SO(10) scenarios are systematically discussed. With respect to the existing reference studies we include the U(1) gauge mixing renormalization at the one- and two-loop level, and reassess the two-loop beta coefficients. We evaluate the effects of additional Higgs multiplets required at intermediate stages by a realistic mass spectrum and update the discussion to the present day data. On the basis of the obtained results, SO(10) breaking patterns with up to two intermediate mass scales are discussed for potential relevance and model predictivity.

• 22. Bertolini, Stefano
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
The vacuum of the minimal nonsupersymmetric SO(10) unification2010Inngår i: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 81, nr 3, s. 035015-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study a class of nonsupersymmetric SO(10) grand-unified scenarios where the first stage of the symmetry breaking is driven by the vacuum expectation values of the 45- dimensional adjoint representation. Three- decade- old results claim that such a Higgs setting may lead exclusively to the flipped SU(5) circle times U(1) intermediate stage. We show that this conclusion is actually an artifact of the tree- level potential. The study of the accidental global symmetries emerging in various limits of the scalar potential offers a simple understanding of the tree- level result and a rationale for the drastic impact of quantum corrections. We scrutinize in detail the simplest and paradigmatic case of the 45(H) circle plus 16(H) Higgs sector triggering the breaking of SO(10) to the standard electroweak model. We show that the minimization of the one- loop effective potential allows for intermediate SU(4)(C) circle times SU(2)(L) circle times U(1)(R) and SU(3)(c) circle times SU(2)(L) circle times SU(2)(R) circle times U(1)(B-L) symmetric stages as well. These are the options favored by gauge unification. Our results, that apply whenever the SO(10) breaking is triggered by < 45(H)>, open the path for hunting the simplest realistic scenario of nonsupersymmetric SO(10) grand unification.

• 23.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
A combined study of source, detector and matter non-standard neutrino interactions at DUNE2016Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 2016, nr 8, artikkel-id 90Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We simultaneously investigate source, detector and matter non-standard neutrino interactions at the proposed DUNE experiment. Our analysis is performed using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo exploring the full parameter space. We find that the sensitivity of DUNE to the standard oscillation parameters is worsened due to the presence of non-standard neutrino interactions. In particular, there are degenerate solutions in the leptonic mixing angle θ23 and the Dirac CP-violating phase δ. We also compute the expected sensitivities at DUNE to the non-standard interaction parameters. We find that the sensitivities to the matter non-standard interaction parameters are substantially stronger than the current bounds (up to a factor of about 15). Furthermore, we discuss correlations between the source/detector and matter non-standard interaction parameters and find a degenerate solution in θ23. Finally, we explore the effect of statistics on our results.

• 24.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Mass hierarchy sensitivity at future oscillation facilities2015Inngår i: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS PROCEEDINGS, KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Theoret Phys, Sch Engn Sci, AlbaNova Univ Ctr, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.: Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 265, s. 171-173Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)

Within the neutrino community, there has been a recent discussion on the validity of the chi(2) approximation when evaluating the results of oscillation experiments sensitive to the neutrino mass hierarchy. In this proceeding, we discuss the resolution of this discussion by going back to the basic statistical definitions in the computation of experimental sensitivities.

• 25.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
On the Bayesian approach to neutrino mass ordering2014Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 1, s. 139-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study the framework of Bayesian statistics for analyzing the capabilities and results of future experiments looking to solve the issue of the neutrino mass ordering. Starting from the general scenario, we then give examples of the procedure for experiments with Gaussian and non-Gaussian distributions for the indicator. We describe in detail what can and cannot be said about the neutrino mass ordering and a future experiment's capabilities to determine it. Finally, we briefly comment on the application to other binary measurements, such as the determination of the octant of theta (23).

• 26.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Theoretical and Phenomenological Studies of Neutrino Physics2007Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)

This thesis is devoted to the theory and phenomenology of neutrino physics. While the standard model of particle physics has been extremely successful, it fails to account for massive neutrinos, which are necessary to describe the observations of neutrino oscillations made by several different experiments. Thus, neutrino physics is a possible window for exploring the physics beyond the standard model, making it both interesting and important for our fundamental understanding of Nature.

Throughout this thesis, we will discuss different aspects of neutrino physics, ranging from taking all three types of neutrinos into account in neutrino oscillation experiments to exploring the possibilities of neutrino mass models to produce a viable source of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. The emphasis of the thesis is on neutrino oscillations which, given their implication of neutrino masses, is a phenomenon where other results that are not describable in the standard model could be found, such as new interactions between neutrinos and fermions.

• 27.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
Probing the Dark Matter mass and nature with neutrinos2013Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, nr 6, s. 038-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study the possible indirect neutrino signal from dark matter annihilations inside the Sun's core for relatively light dark matter masses in the O (10) GeV range. Due to their excellent energy reconstruction capabilities, we focus on the detection of this flux in liquid argon or magnetized iron calorimeter detectors, proposed for the next generation of far detectors of neutrino oscillation experiments and neutrino telescopes. The aim of the study is to probe the ability of these detectors to determine fundamental properties of the dark matter nature such as its mass or its relative annihilation branching fractions to different channels. We find that these detectors will be able to accurately measure the dark matter mass as long as the dark matter annihilations have a significant branching into the neutrino or at least the tau channel. We have also discovered degeneracies between different dark matter masses and annihilation channels, where a hard tau channel spectrum for a lower dark matter mass may mimic that of a softer quark channel spectrum for a larger dark matter mass. Finally, we discuss the sensitivity of the detectors to the different branching ratios and find that it is between one and two orders of magnitude better than the current bounds from those coming from analysis of Super-Kamiokande data.

• 28.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad, India. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Exploring source and detector non-standard neutrino interactions at ESS nu SB2015Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 9, artikkel-id 096Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate source and detector non-standard neutrino interactions at the proposed ESS nu SB experiment. We analyze the effect of non-standard physics at the probability level, the event-rate level and by a full computation of the ESS nu SB setup. We find that the precision measurement of the leptonic mixing angle theta(23) at ESS nu SB is robust in the presence of non-standard interactions, whereas that of the leptonic CP-violating phase delta is worsened at most by a factor of two. We compute sensitivities to all the relevant source and decector non-standard interaction parameters and find that the sensitivities to the parameters epsilon(s)(mu e) and epsilon(d)(mu e) are comparable to the existing limits in a realistic scenario, while they improve by a factor of two in an optimistic scenario. Finally, we show that the absence of a near detector compromises the sensitivity of ESS nu SB to non-standard interactions.

• 29.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Asymmetric capture of Dirac dark matter by the Sun2015Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2015, nr 8, artikkel-id 036Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

Current problems with the solar model may be alleviated if a significant amount of dark matter from the galactic halo is captured in the Sun. We discuss the capture process in the case where the dark matter is a Dirac fermion and the background halo consists of equal amounts of dark matter and anti-dark matter. By considering the case where dark matter and anti-dark matter have different cross sections on solar nuclei as well as the case where the capture process is considered to be a Poisson process, we find that a significant asymmetry between the captured dark particles and anti-particles is possible even for an annihilation cross section in the range expected for thermal relic dark matter. Since the captured number of particles are competitive with asymmetric dark matter models in a large range of parameter space, one may expect solar physics to be altered by the capture of Dirac dark matter. It is thus possible that solutions to the solar composition problem may be searched for in these type of models.

• 30.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
Pinning down inelastic dark matter in the Sun and in direct detection2016Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2016, nr 4, artikkel-id 004Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study the solar capture rate of inelastic dark matter with endothermic and/or exothermic interactions. By assuming that an inelastic dark matter signal will be observed in next generation direct detection experiments we can set a lower bound on the capture rate that is independent of the local dark matter density, the velocity distribution, the galactic escape velocity as well as the scattering cross section. In combination with upper limits from neutrino observatories we can place upper bounds on the annihilation channels leading to neutrinos. We find that, while endothermic scattering limits are weak in the isospin-conserving case, strong bounds may be set for exothermic interactions, in particular in the spin-dependent case. Furthermore, we study the implications of observing two direct detection signals, in which case one can halo-independently obtain the dark matter mass and the mass splitting, and disentangle the endothermic/exothermic nature of the scattering. Finally we discuss isospin violation.

• 31.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Gain fractions of future neutrino oscillation facilities over T2K and NOvA2013Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 7, s. 159-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We evaluate the probability of future neutrino oscillation facilities to discover leptonic CP violation and/or measure the neutrino mass hierarchy. We study how this probability is affected by positive or negative hints for these observables to be found at T2K and NO nu A. We consider the following facilities: LBNE; T2HK; and the 10 GeV Neutrino Factory (NF10), and show how their discovery probabilities change with the running time of T2K and NO nu A conditioned to their results. We find that, if after 15 years T2K and NO nu A have not observed a 90% CL hint of CP violation, then LBNE and T2HK have less than a 10% chance of achieving a 5 sigma discovery, whereas NF10 still has a similar to 40% chance to do so. Conversely, if T2K and NO nu A have an early 90% CL hint in 5 years from now, T2HK has a rather large chance to achieve a 5 sigma CP violation discovery (75% or 55%, depending on whether the mass hierarchy is known or not). This is to be compared with the 90% (30%) probability that NF10 (LBNE) would have to observe the same signal at 5 sigma. A hierarchy measurement at 5 sigma is achievable at both LBNE and NF10 with more than 90% probability, irrespectively of the outcome of T2K and NO nu A. We also find that if LBNE or a similar very long baseline super-beam is the only next generation facility to be built, then it is very useful to continue running T2K and NO nu A (or at least T2K) beyond their original schedule in order to increase the CP violation discovery chances, given their complementarity.

• 32.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Searching for sterile neutrinos at the ESSνSB2014Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 2014, nr 12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

The ESSνSB project is a proposed neutrino oscillation experiment based on the European Spallation Source with the search for leptonic CP violation as its main aim. In this letter we show that a near detector at around 1 km distance from the beamline is not only very desirable for keeping the systematic errors affecting the CP search under control, but would also provide a significant sensitivity probe for sterile neutrino oscillations in the region of the parameter space favored by the long-standing LSND anomaly. We find that the effective mixing angle θμe can be probed down to sin2(2θμe) ≃ 2(8) · 10−3 at 5σ assuming 15% bin-to-bin (un)correlated systematics.

• 33.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Global constraints on vector-like WIMP effective interactions2016Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2016, nr 4, artikkel-id 015Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

In this work we combine information from relic abundance, direct detection, cosmic microwave background, positron fraction, gamma rays, and colliders to explore the existing constraints on couplings between Dark Matter and Standard Model constituents when no underlying model or correlation is assumed. For definiteness, we include independent vector-like effective interactions for each Standard Model fermion. Our results show that low Dark Matter masses below 20 GeV are disfavoured at the 3 σ level with respect to higher masses, due to the tension between the relic abundance requirement and upper constraints on the Dark Matter couplings. Furthermore, large couplings are typically only allowed in combinations which avoid effective couplings to the nuclei used in direct detection experiments.

• 34.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Reassessing the sensitivity to leptonic CP violation2015Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, nr 3, artikkel-id 005Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We address the validity of the usual procedure to determine the sensitivity of neutrino oscillation experiments to CP violation. An explicit calibration of the test statistic is performed through Monte Carlo simulations for several experimental setups. We find that significant deviations from a chi(2) distribution with one degree of freedom occur for experimental setups with low sensitivity to ffi. In particular, when the allowed region to which ffi is constrained at a given confidence level is comparable to the whole allowed range, the cyclic nature of the variable manifests and the premises of Wilk's theorem are violated. This leads to values of the test statistic significantly lower than a chi(2) distribution at that confidence level. On the other hand, for facilities which can place better constraints on ffi the cyclic nature of the variable is hidden and, as the potential of the facility improves, the values of the test statistics first become slightly higher than and then approach asymptotically a chi(2) distribution. The role of sign degeneracies is also discussed.

• 35.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Fysikum, Stockholm University. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Neutrinos from WIMP annihilations in the Sun including neutrino oscillations2011Inngår i: The Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics / [ed] Geoffrey Mills, Steve Elliott, Terrence Goldman, and Thomas Bowles, Elsevier, 2011, Vol. 221, s. 37-38Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)

The prospects to detect neutrinos from the Sun arising from dark matter annihilations in the core of the Sun are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on new work investigating the effects of neutrino oscillations on the expected neutrino fluxes.

• 36.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Neutrinos from WIMP annihilations in the Sun including neutrino oscillations2006Inngår i: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. T127, s. 19-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

The prospects for detecting neutrinos from the Sun arising from dark matter annihilations in the core of the Sun are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on new work investigating the effects of neutrino oscillations on the expected neutrino fluxes.

• 37.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Neutrinos from WIMP annihilations obtained using a full three-flavor Monte Carlo approach2008Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2008, nr 01, s. 021-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are one of the main candidates for making up the dark matter in the Universe. If these particles make up the dark matter, then they can be captured by the Sun or the Earth, sink to the respective cores, annihilate, and produce neutrinos. Thus, these neutrinos can be a striking dark matter signature at neutrino telescopes looking towards the Sun and/or the Earth. Here, we improve previous analyses on computing the neutrino yields from WIMP annihilations in several respects. We include neutrino oscillations in a full three-flavor framework as well as all effects from neutrino interactions on the way through the Sun (absorption, energy loss, and regeneration from tau decays). In addition, we study the effects of non-zero values of the mixing angle theta(13) as well as the normal and inverted neutrino mass hierarchies. Our study is performed in an event-based setting which makes these results very useful both for theoretical analyses and for building a neutrino telescope Monte Carlo code. All our results for the neutrino yields, as well as our Monte Carlo code, are publicly available. We find that the yield of muontype neutrinos from WIMP annihilations in the Sun is enhanced or suppressed, depending on the dominant WIMP annihilation channel. This effect is due to an effective favor mixing caused by neutrino oscillations. For WIMP annihilations inside the Earth, the distance from source to detector is too small to allow for any significant amount of oscillations at the neutrino energies relevant for neutrino telescopes.

• 38.
Max-Planck-Institut für Physik.
Department of Physics, Stockholm University. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
WIMP neutrinos from the Sun and the Earth2008Inngår i: : idm2008, SISSA , 2008, s. 4p-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)

We discuss the propagation treatment of the indirect dark matter detection using WIMP annihilations in the Sun and the Earth. In particular, we focus on treating neutrino interactions and oscillations in a consistent framework, including tau neutrino regeneration and a full three-flavor neutrino oscillation framework. We also discuss the equivalence of using a Monte Carlo approach - suited for inclusion in neutrino telescope Monte Carlos - and the density matrix formalism.

• 39.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Freeze-in through portals2014Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, nr 1, s. 003-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

The popular freeze-out paradigm for Dark Matter (DM) production, relies on DM-baryon couplings of the order of the weak interactions. However, different search strategies for DM have failed to provide a conclusive evidence of such (non-gravitational) interactions, while greatly reducing the parameter space of many representative models. This motivates the study of alternative mechanisms for DM genesis. In the freeze-in framework, the DM is slowly populated from the thermal bath while never reaching equilibrium. In this work, we analyse in detail the possibility of producing a frozen-in DM via a mediator particle which acts as a portal. We give analytical estimates of different freeze-in regimes and support them with full numerical analyses, taking into account the proper distribution functions of bath particles. Finally, we constrain the parameter space of generic models by requiring agreement with DM relic abundance observations.

• 40.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
A halo-independent lower bound on the dark matter capture rate in the Sun from a direct detection signal2015Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, nr 5, artikkel-id 036Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We show that a positive signal in a dark matter (DM) direct detection experiment can be used to place a lower bound on the DM capture rate in the Sun, independent of the DM halo. For a given particle physics model and DM mass we obtain a lower bound on the capture rate independent of the local DM density, velocity distribution, galactic escape velocity, as well as the scattering cross section. We illustrate this lower bound on the capture rate by assuming that upcoming direct detection experiments will soon obtain a significant signal. When comparing the lower bound on the capture rate with limits on the high-energy neutrino flux from the Sun from neutrino telescopes, we can place upper limits on the branching fraction of DM annihilation channels leading to neutrinos. With current data from IceCube and Super-Kamiokande non-trivial limits can be obtained for spin-dependent interactions and direct annihilations into neutrinos. In some cases also annihilations into tau tau or bb start getting constrained. For spin-independent interactions current constraints are weak, but they may become interesting for data from future neutrino telescopes.

• 41.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
Halo-independent tests of dark matter direct detection signals: Local DM density, LHC, and thermal freeze-out2015Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2015, nr 8, artikkel-id 039Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

From an assumed signal in a Dark Matter (DM) direct detection experiment a lower bound on the product of the DM-nucleon scattering cross section and the local DM density is derived, which is independent of the local DM velocity distribution. This can be combined with astrophysical determinations of the local DM density. Within a given particle physics model the bound also allows a robust comparison of a direct detection signal with limits from the LHC. Furthermore, the bound can be used to formulate a condition which has to be fulfilled if the particle responsible for the direct detection signal is a thermal relic, regardless of whether it constitutes all DM or only part of it. We illustrate the arguments by adopting a simplified DM model with a Z' mediator and assuming a signal in a future xenon direct detection experiment.

• 42.
Max-Planck-Institut für Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), München, Germany.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Neutrinos from Kaluza-Klein dark matter in the Sun2010Inngår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, Vol. 2010, nr 01, s. 018-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate indirect neutrino signals from annihilations of Kaluza-Klein dark matter in the Sun. Especially, we examine a five- as well as a six-dimensional model, and allow for the possibility that boundary localized terms could affect the spectrum to give different lightest Kaluza-Klein particles, which could constitute the dark matter. The dark matter candidates that are interesting for the purpose of indirect detection of neutrinos are the first Kaluza-Klein mode of the U(1) gauge boson and the neutral component of the SU(2) gauge bosons. Using the DarkSUSY and WimpSim packages, we calculate muon fluxes at an Earth-based neutrino telescope, such as IceCube. For the five-dimensional model, the results hat we obtained agree reasonably well with the results that have previously been presented in the literature, whereas for the six-dimensional model, we find that, at tree-level, the results are the same as for the five-dimensional model. Finally, if the first Kaluza-Klein mode of the U(1) gauge boson constitutes the dark matter, IceCube can constrain the parameter space. However, in the case that the neutral component of the SU(2) gauge bosons is the LKP, the signal is too weak to be observed.

• 43.
Max-Planck-Institut für Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), München, Germany.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Non-unitary neutrino mixing from an extra-dimensional seesaw model2010Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)

We study the generation of light neutrino masses in an extra-dimensional model, where right-handed neutrinos are allowed to propagate in the extra dimension, while the Standard model (SM) particles are confined to a brane. Motivated by the fact that extra-dimensional models are non-renormalizable, we truncate the Kaluza–Klein (KK) towers at a maximal KK index. The structure of the bulk Majorana mass term, motivated by the Sherk–Schwarz mechanism, implies that the right-handed KK neutrinos pair to form Dirac neutrinos, except for a number of unpaired Majorana neutrinos at the top of each tower. These heavy Majorana neutrinos are the only sources of lepton number breaking in the model, and similarly to the type-I seesaw mechanism, they naturally generate small masses for the left-handed neutrinos. The lower KK modes mix with the light neutrinos, and the mixing effects are not suppressed with respect to the light neutrino masses. Compared to conventional fermionic seesaw models, the non-unitary effects induced by such mixing are quite significant. We study the signals of this model at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and find that the current bounds on the non-unitarity parameters are strong enough to exclude an observation.

• 44. Blennow, Mattias
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Renormalization group running of the neutrino mass operator in extra dimensions2011Inngår i: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 2011, nr 04, s. 052-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study the renormalization group (RG) running of the neutrino masses and the leptonic mixing parameters in two different extra-dimensional models, namely, the Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) model and a model, where the Standard Model (SM) bosons probe an extra dimension and the SM fermions are confined to a four-dimensional brane. In particular, we derive the beta function for the neutrino mass operator in the UED model. We also rederive the beta function for the charged-lepton Yukawa coupling, and confirm some of the existing results in the literature. The generic features of the RG running of the neutrino parameters within the two models are analyzed and, in particular, we observe a power-law behavior for the running. We note that the running of the leptonic mixing angle theta(12) can be sizable, while the running of theta(23) and theta(13) is always negligible. In addition, we show that the tri-bimaximal and the bimaximal mixing patterns at a high-energy scale are compatible with low-energy experimental data, while a tri-small mixing pattern is not. Finally, we perform a numerical scan over the low-energy parameter space to infer the high-energy distribution of the parameters. Using this scan, we also demonstrate how the high-energy theta(12) is correlated with the smallest neutrino mass and the Majorana phases.

• 45. Blennow, Mattias
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
RG running in a minimal UED model in light of recent LHC Higgs mass bounds2012Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 712, nr 4-5, s. 419-424Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study how the recent ATLAS and CMS Higgs mass bounds affect the renormalization group running of the physical parameters in universal extra dimensions. Using the running of the Higgs self-coupling constant, we derive bounds on the cutoff scale of the extra-dimensional theory itself. We show that the running of physical parameters, such as the fermion masses and the CKM mixing matrix, is significantly restricted by these bounds. In particular, we find that the running of the gauge couplings cannot be sufficient to allow gauge unification at the cutoff scale.

• 46. Blennow, Mattias
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Signatures from an extra-dimensional seesaw model2010Inngår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 82, nr 4, s. 045023-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We study the generation of small neutrino masses in an extra-dimensional model, where singlet fermions are allowed to propagate in the extra dimension, while the standard model particles are confined to a brane. Motivated by the fact that extra-dimensional models are nonrenormalizable, we truncate the Kaluza-Klein towers at a maximal Kaluza-Klein number. This truncation, together with the structure of the bulk Majorana mass term, motivated by the Sherk-Schwarz mechanism, implies that the Kaluza-Klein modes of the singlet fermions pair to form Dirac fermions, except for a number of unpaired Majorana fermions at the top of each tower. These heavy Majorana fermions are the only sources of lepton number breaking in the model, and similarly to the type-I seesaw mechanism, they naturally generate small masses for the left-handed neutrinos. The lower Kaluza-Klein modes mix with the light neutrinos, and the mixing effects are not suppressed with respect to the light-neutrino masses. Compared to conventional fermionic seesaw models, such mixing can be more significant. We study the signals of this model at the Large Hadron Collider, and find that the current low-energy bounds on the nonunitarity of the leptonic mixing matrix are strong enough to exclude an observation.

• 47.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Non-standard interactions using the OPERA experiment2008Inngår i: European Physical Journal C, ISSN 1434-6044, E-ISSN 1434-6052, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 529-536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate the implications of non-standard interactions on neutrino oscillations in the OPERA experiment. In particular, we study the non-standard interaction parameter epsilon(mu tau) . We show that the OPERA experiment has a unique opportunity to reduce the allowed region for this parameter compared with other experiments such as the MINOS experiment, mostly due to the higher neutrino energies in the CNGS beam compared to the NuMI beam. We find that OPERA is mainly sensitive to a combination of standard and non-standard parameters and that a resulting anti-resonance effect could suppress the expected number of events. Furthermore, we show that running OPERA for five years each with neutrinos and anti-neutrinos would help in resolving the degeneracy between the standard parameters and epsilon(mu tau) . This scenario is significantly better than the scenario with a simple doubling of the statistics by running with neutrinos for ten years.

• 48. Blennow, Mattias
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Approximative two-flavor framework for neutrino oscillations with nonstandard interactions2008Inngår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, Vol. 78, nr 9, s. 093002-1-093002-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

In this paper, we develop approximative two-flavor neutrino oscillation formulas including subleading nonstandard interaction effects. Especially, the limit when the small mass-squared difference approaches zero is investigated. The approximate formulas are also tested against numerical simulations in order to determine their accuracy and they will probably be most useful in the GeV energy region, which is the energy region where most upcoming neutrino oscillation experiments will be operating. Naturally, it is important to have analytical formulas in order to interpret the physics behind the degeneracies between standard and nonstandard parameters.

• 49.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik.
Effective neutrino mixing and oscillations in dense matter2005Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 609, nr 3-4, s. 330-338Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate the effective case of two-flavor neutrino oscillations in infinitely dense matter by using a perturbative approach. We begin by briefly summarizing the conditions for the three-flavor neutrino oscillation probabilities to take on the same form as the corresponding two-flavor probabilities. Then, we proceed with the infinitely dense matter calculations. Finally, we study the validity of the approximation of infinitely dense matter when the effective matter potential is large, but not infinite, this is done by using both analytic and numeric methods.

• 50.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik, Teoretisk partikelfysik. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Teoretisk fysik.
Effects of non-standard interactions in the MINOS experiment2008Inngår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 660, nr 5, s. 522-528Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)

We investigate the effects of non-standard interactions on the determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters Delta m(31)(2), theta(23), and theta(13) in the MINOS experiment. We show that adding non-standard interactions to the analysis lead to an extension of the allowed parameter space to larger values of Delta m(31)(2) and smaller theta(23), and basically removes all predictability for theta(13). In addition, we discuss the sensitivities to the non-standard interaction parameters of the MINOS experiment alone. In particular, we examine the degeneracy between theta(13) and the non-standard interaction parameter epsilon(e tau). We find that this degeneracy is responsible for the removal of the theta(13) predictability and that the possible bound on vertical bar epsilon(e tau)vertical bar is competitive with direct bounds only if a more stringent external bound on theta(13) is applied.

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