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  • 1.
    Aid, Graham
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Action Research In Waste Management: Application to construction and demolition waste in the Stockholm region2010Inngår i: Linnaeus ECO-TECH ´10 / [ed] Fabio Kaczala, Linnaeus University , 2010, s. 1009-1019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The action research methodology and several of its methods have previously been highlighted and described by the authors as a fitting and rigorous framework approach for complex waste management systems.  This was in response to criticism of the ex ante selection of traditional empiric systems analysis tools to provide decision support and ‘sustainable improvement’ in such complex systems which often involve strong human and political factors.   Several of the action research methods described have recently been utilized in a case study around mineral (aggregate) construction and demolition waste in the Stockholm region.  These methods were integrated through a series of workshops and work areas undergone together with project members from several private and public sectors.  Leaving the problem fuzzy (loosely defined) in the beginning; utilizing convergent interviewing, rich pictures and focus groups allowed the researchers and partner stakeholders to identify not one but several problem areas within the system of focus.  Indicator creation and a dialectic processes were then used to identify qualitative and quantitative aspects of salience around these problem areas.  These resulting indicators were strengthened through a process of verification.  Each indicator was then analyzed by what was deemed to be appropriate and transparent means.  It is argued that this approach may create better communication, transparency, and understanding by the stakeholders.  These factors in turn allowing stronger stakeholder ownership of the process and assisting in more informed decisions and help to provide stability for desired change. However the process was not without its drawbacks such as intense communication and time requirements.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Action Research for Waste Management
  • 2.
    Aid, Graham
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Bygg- och rivningsavfall: Action Research vid KTH2010Inngår i: Återvinnare För Industrin / [ed] Kjell-Arne Larsson, Stockholm: Rekord Media och Produktion AB , 2010Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Aid, Graham
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Improvement of aggregate cycles in Stockholm and the Baltic Region: Activities and results of the BRA initiative2012Inngår i: WASCON 2012 Conference proceedings / [ed] M. Arm, C. Vandecasteele, J. Heynen, P. Suer and B. Lind, 2012, s. 1-9Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    From 2009 until 2011 project BRA (Bygg-och Rivningsavfall i Stockholms Län) “Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste in Stockholm County” was coordinated from the division of Industrial Ecology, KTH. This project was focused on actively improving (from plural perspectives) the cycles of C&D (specifically non-metallic inert) materials in the region. In response to the normative aim and inter-systems complexity, a highly participative action research procedure was adopted. Through processes of network communication, workshops, a course, and an international symposium - a number of issues (such as market development, recycled product quality, greenhouse gas impacts, collaborative planning, and statistics) were prioritized, researched, and acted upon. Indicators for measuring progress in selected areas were developed and preliminary action plans created. At a final co-organized symposium Swedish delegates laid the groundwork for the establishment of a Swedish C&D recycling b ranch organization. This initiative of continued collaboration between and within sectors is seen as a vehicle for the priorities and action requirements identified in BRA to be further enabled and held in focus. Furthermore, these actors taking ownership of the process is seen as a success in accordance to the original aims and the need for further cycles of evaluation, planning, and action.

  • 4.
    Aid, Graham
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Lysenkova, Mariya
    Smedberg, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Looplocal - a heuristic visualization tool to support the strategic facilitation of industrial symbiosis2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 328-335Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) developments have been differentiated as self-organized, facilitated, and planned. This article introduces a tool, Looplocal, which has been built with objectives to support the strategic facilitation of IS. Looplocal is a visualization tool built to assist in 1) Simplifying the identification of regions susceptible to new industrial symbiosis facilitation activities 2) Enabling proactive and targeted marketing of potential exchanges to key actors in specific regions and 3) Assisting facilitators to assess the various strategies and consequential engagement and analysis methodologies suitable for additional IS development in specific regions. The tool compares industrial symbiosis data and estimated regional material and energy flows (on a facility level) to identify potential IS transfer information along with key stakeholder and network data. The authors have performed a proof of concept run of this tool on Sweden. In its early stages of application the method has given results seen as useful for identifying regions susceptible to the investment of symbiosis facilitators' time and resources. The material focus and customization possibilities for the tool show potential for a spectrum of potential facilitators: from waste management companies to national or regional authorities. In conjunction with long term business models, such a tool might be utilized throughout an adaptive chain of facilitation activities and aims.

  • 5.
    Aid, Graham
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Lysenkovac, Mariya
    Smedberg, Niklas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Looplocal: a Heuristic Visualization Tool for the Strategic Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis2012Inngår i: Greening of Industry Netowrk Proceedings / [ed] Leo Baas, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) developments have been differentiated as ‘self organized’, ‘facilitated’, and ‘planned’. This article introduces a tool that has been built with objectives to support the strategic facilitation of IS. ‘Looplocal’ is a visualization tool built to assist in 1) the identification of regions prone to new industrial symbiosis activities 2) market potential exchanges to key actors and 3) assist aspiring facilitators to assess the various strategies and social methodologies available for the initial phases of a facilitated industrial symbiosis venture. This tool combines life cycle inventory (LCI) data, waste statistics, and national industrial data (including geographic, activity, economic, and contact information) to perform a heuristic analysis of raw material and energy inputs and outputs (wastes). Along with an extensive list of ‘waste to raw material’ substitutions (which may be direct, combined, or upgraded) gathered from IS uncovering studies, IS organizations, and waste and energy professionals; heuristic regional output to input ‘matching’ can be visualized. On a national or regional scale the tool gives a quick overview of what could be the most interesting regions to prioritize resources for IS facilitation. Focusing in on a regional level, the tool visualizes the potential structure of the network in that region (centralized, decentralized, or distributed), allowing a facilitator to adapt the networking approach correspondingly. The tool also visualizes potential IS transfer information, along with key stakeholder data. The authors have performed a proof of concept run of this tool in the ‘industrial disperse’ context of Sweden. In its early stages of application, the method has proven capable of identifying regions prone to the investment of facilitators’ resources. The material focus and custom possibilities for the tool show potential for a wide spectrum of potential facilitators: from waste management companies (using the tool as a strategic market analysis tool) to national or regional authorities looking to lower negative environmental impacts, to ‘sustainable’ industry sectors looking to strengthen market positioning. In conjunction with proper long term business models, such a tool could be reusable itself over the evolution of facilitation activities and aims.

  • 6.
    Bo, Xu
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Sun, Qie
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    An Analysis of Chinese Policy Instruments for Climate Change Mitigation2010Inngår i: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, ISSN 1756-8692, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 380-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Design/methodology/approach - First, the paper reviews Chinese energy consumption per unit of GDP (EC/GDP) in order to determine the overall effects of the combined policy instruments. Second, the different policy instruments are compared in terms of their effects. Third, the actual trends of EC/GDP in two provinces and the instruments adopted by them are analysed on the provincial level.

    Findings - The decline in EC/GDP can indirectly reflect the Chinese contribution to mitigation of CO2 emissions since fossil fuels dominate Chinese energy consumption. The national EC/GDP values have shown a declining trend from 2005 to date, indicating that the policy instruments are very important to mitigate climate change as regards reducing EC/GDP. The technological improvement regulations have made the greatest contribution to date to reduce EC/GDP values. The experiences from the Beijing and Shandong province indicate that their final targets in 2010 will be most likely achieved because the different provinces are not only following the national policy instruments but have also developed quite a few new instruments to assist in reaching the these reductions.

    Research limitations/implications - There are three limitations regarding Chinese policy instruments analysis. First, the paper does not go far to determine the other factors which can affect EC/GDP apart from policy instruments. Second, some data were lacking and there may be inaccuracies in the existing data that could affect the analysis results. Third, EC/GDP cannot reflect the Chinese contribution to mitigation of CO2 emissions if the composition of Chinese energy consumption changes significantly.

    Originality/value - The paper addresses the importance of various policy instruments in reducing EC/GDP. The results can be referenced by Chinese policy makers on both the national and provincial level.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7. Bonanni, L.
    et al.
    Ebner, Hannes
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID.
    Hockenberry, M.
    Sayan, B.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Csikszentmihàlyi, N.
    Ishii, H.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Medieteknik och grafisk produktion, Media.
    Young, S.
    Zapico Lamela, Jorge Luis
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Sourcemap.org: First Application of Linked and Open LCA Data to Support Sustainability2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Developing a Framework for Transparent Green Building Rating Systems2011Inngår i: ISIE 2011 Conference: Science, Systems, and Sustainability, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Brandt, Nils
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Årman, Louise
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Johansson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Fahlberg, Kristin
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Going From a Smart Grid to a Smart City2011Inngår i: ISIE 2011 Conference: Science, Systems, and Sustainability, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Cui, Qing
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Sinha, Rajib
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Malmström, Maria E.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Copper content in lake sediments as a tracer of urban emissions: evaluation through a source-transport-storage model2010Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 408, nr 13, s. 2714-2725Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A coupled source-transport-storage model was developed to determine the origin and path of copper from materials/goods in use in the urban drainage area and the fate of copper in local recipient lakes The model was applied and tested using five small lakes in Stockholm, Sweden. In the case of the polluted lakes Racksta Trask, Trekanten and Langsjon, the source strengths of copper identified by the model were found to be well linked with independently observed copper contents in the lake sediments through the model. The model results also showed that traffic emissions, especially from brake linings, dominated the total load in all five cases Sequential sedimentation and burial proved to be the most important fate processes of copper in all lakes, except Racksta Trask, where outflow dominated The model indicated that the sediment copper content can be used as a tracer of the urban diffuse copper source strength, but that the response to changes in source strength is fairly slow (decades) Major uncertainties in the source model were related to management of stormwater in the urban area, the rate of wear of brake linings and weathering of copper roofs The uncertainty of the coupled model is in addition affected mainly by parameters quantifying the sedimentation and bury processes, such as particulate fraction, settling velocity of particles, and sedimentation rate As a demonstration example, we used the model to predict the response of the sediment copper level to a decrease in the copper load from the urban catchment in one of the case study lakes (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved

  • 11.
    Fahlberg, Kristin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Johansson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Kommuner och klimatåtgärder: En litteraturstudie av det aktuella kunskapsläget om klimatåtgärdernas potential och kostnadseffektivitet2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Holmstedt, Louise
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Robert, Karl-Henrik
    Can Stockholm Royal Seaport be part of the puzzle towards global sustainability?: - From local to global sustainability using the same set of criteria2017Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 140, s. 72-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban sustainable development is today seen as one of the keys towards unlocking the quest for a sustainable world. One feature of urban sustainability is the increased interest in developing sustainable urban districts. For many of these developments, guiding sustainability documents are developed to frame future goals. However, few of these documents specify on which grounds they determine the sustainability of goals and they are largely developed as independent islands of local sustainability. This is unfortunate as cities and their districts are fully dependent on surrounding environments. Failing to include a holistic approach into,the local planning increases the risk of sub-optimisation, future lock-ins and missed targets on a higher level. The aim of this study is to analyse whether the environmental and sustainability programme for Stockholm Royal Seaport, a new urban district in Stockholm, Sweden, can guide development of the district towards holistic ecological sustainability. By using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development a holistic template for an ecologically sustainable planet has been described, important sectors for the built environment have been identified and the environmental and sustainability programme for the district has been analysed. This study showed that the vision and operational goals put forward in the Stockholm Royal Seaport programme complies relatively well with the designed template. However, important deviations in all sectors but land use have been identified. These deviations arise in the translation process between theory and practice. The vision for the district and the implementation phase are not aligned due to too narrow a perspective of a sustainable urban district, lack of robust sustainability principles including use of such to identify key strategic questions. In addition to the lack of an all-embracing conceptual framework, there is also a lack of structures for cooperation between stakeholders and conflicts between local and regional agendas. Use of a unifying framework can describe desirable future scenarios where the local level does not contribute to violation of the universal sustainability principles and identify step-wise routes towards such scenarios.

  • 13.
    Holmstedt, Louise
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Nilsson, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Mäkivierikko, Arman
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Stockholm Royal Seaport moving towards the goals—Potential and limitations of dynamic and high resolution evaluation data2018Inngår i: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 169, s. 388-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cites have been identified as one key arena to meet future sustainability challenges. However, if cites are to be part of the transition it must become possible to confirm results of ongoing actions. By the introduction information and communication technologies, it has become easier to collect performance parameters from the built environment, thereby enable more detailed evaluation. The aim of this paper is therefore to examine the potential and limitation of using dynamic and high resolution meter data for evaluation of energy consumption in buildings and households. The novelty of this approach is that dynamic and high resolution meter data can increase the level of detail in evaluation results and ease detection of deviations in the structures performance. However, most benefits are found from the occupant perspective, as more detailed evaluation information enable better inclusion of this stakeholder group. Furthermore this study has shown that the commonly used indicator energy use per heated floor area is an insufficient communication tool when taking holistic approach to building energy evaluation. Limitation to full use of dynamic and high resolution meter data have been identified to data collection and management, preservation of personal integrity and incentives to react on the given evaluation information.

  • 14. Iital, Arvo
    et al.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Gröndahl, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Loigu, Enn
    Kloga, Marija
    Impact of changes in nutrient inputs to the water quality of the shallow Haapsalu Bay, the Baltic Sea2010Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, ISSN 1464-0325, E-ISSN 1464-0333, Vol. 12, nr 8, s. 1531-1536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study evaluated the impact of socio-economic and lifestyle changes on nutrient loads and water quality in Haapsalu Bay, the Baltic Sea between 1995-1996 and 2003-2004. Monthly monitoring data of water quality in four rivers discharging to the bay and seawater at five sea stations were used. External input of TN to the bay remained almost unchanged during the study period despite of the somewhat higher riverine load that was explained by intensified agriculture. The TP input decreased by approximately 45% due to the decrease in river and point source loads. Point sources contribute about one-third of the P load to the bay. An overall decreasing gradient from the rivers to the mouth of the bay was observed both for TP and TN concentrations indicating probable removal of these elements from the water column along the east-west transect. In order to keep the TN/TP ratio within the range that suppresses eutrophication in the bay, further efforts must be implemented to reduce point source phosphorus load.

  • 15.
    Johansson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Ericson, Mårten
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Utvärdering och uppföljning av Miljömiljarden2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Johansson, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Kristinsdóttir, Anna Rúna
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Summary of the Business-as-Usual and Green Development Greenhouse Gas Baselines and Roadmaps for the Stockholm Royal Seaport in Accordance with the Methodology Supplied by the Clinton Climate Initiative2015Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Kramers, Anna
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Wangel, Josefin
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Johansson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Towards a comprehensive system of methodological considerations for cities' climate targets2013Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 62, s. 1276-1287Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate targets for cities abound. However, what these targets really imply is dependent on a number of decisions regarding system boundaries and methods of calculation. In order to understand and compare cities' climate targets, there is a need for a generic and comprehensive framework of key methodological considerations. This paper identifies eight key methodological considerations for the different choices that can be made when setting targets for GHG emissions in a city and arranges them in four categories: temporal scope of target, object for target setting, unit of target, and range of target. To explore how target setting is carried out in practice, the climate targets of eight European cities were analysed. The results showed that these targets cover only a limited part of what could be included. Moreover, the cities showed quite limited awareness of what is, or could be, include in the targets. This makes comparison and benchmarking between cities difficult.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Towards a comprehensive system of methodological considerations for cities' climate targets
  • 18.
    Kristinsdóttir, Anna Rúna
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Stoll, Pia
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Nilsson, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Description of climate impact calculation methods of the CO2e signal for the Active house project2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Lazarevic, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Aoustin, E.
    Buclet, N.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Plastic waste management and environmental sustainability: results from a life cycle perspective2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Lazarevic, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Aoustin, E.
    Buclet, N.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    The Waste Hierarchy in Europe: Evolution, Articulation and Qualification.2010Inngår i: In Society and Material 4, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Lazarevic, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Aoustin, Emmanuelle
    Buclet, Nicolas
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Plastic waste management in the context of a European recycling society: Comparing results and uncertainties in a life cycle perspective2010Inngår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 246-259Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies have been undertaken within the last 15 years comparing end-of-life treatment options for post-consumer plastic waste, including techniques such as: mechanical recycling, feedstock recycling, incineration with energy recovery and landfilling. These have attempted to support decisions in the formulation of waste management strategies and policies. In light of the introduction of life cycle thinking into European waste policies, specifically in relation to the waste hierarchy, a literature review of publically available LCA studies evaluating alternative end-of-life treatment options for plastic waste has been conducted. This has been done in order to: establish if a consensus exists as to the environmentally preferable treatment option for plastic waste; identify the methodological considerations and assumptions that have led to these conclusions; and determine the legitimacy of applying the waste hierarchy to the plastic waste stream. The majority of the LCA studies concluded that, when single polymer plastic waste fractions with little organic contamination are recycled and replace virgin plastic at a ratio of close to 1:1, recycling is generally the environmentally preferred treatment option when compared to municipal solid waste incineration. It has been found that assumptions relating to the virgin material substitution ratio and level of organic contamination can have a significant influence upon the results of these studies. Although a limited number of studies addressed feedstock recycling, feedstock recycling and the use of plastic waste as a solid recovered fuel in cement kilns were preferred to municipal solid waste incineration. Landfilling of plastic waste compared to municipal solid waste incineration proved to be the least preferred option for all impact categories except for global warming potential. Due to the uncertainty surrounding some assumptions in the studies, it cannot be said with confidence that the waste hierarchy should be applied to plastic waste management as a general rule.

  • 22.
    Lazarevic, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Buclet, Nicolas
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    A conceptual framework for life cycle thinking in transitions toward sustainable waste management2011Inngår i: Trends and Future of Sustainable Development: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Jenni Elo, Hanna Lakkala & Anna Linna, Turku, Finland: Uniprint , 2011, s. 33-33Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As society continues its pursuit of sustainable development the importance of resourceefficiency and waste management has become increasingly recognised. As a consequence, a number ofEuropean policies implement the concept of life cycle thinking in order to reduce the negativeenvironmental impact of waste management systems. The benefit of life cycle thinking is that itsholistic perspective allows one to account for the environmental impacts or benefits of not only thewaste system but connected systems - such as energy and material production. However, the currentuse of life cycle thinking in long-term waste management strategy has been called into questionregarding its ability to facilitate a transition toward sustainable waste management.This paper presents a conceptual framework for the use of life cycle thinking as an element insustainability transitions. It draws on transition theory and the concept of conventional regimes(economics of conventions) in order to provide a new perspective on the relationship between life cyclethinking and sustainable waste management.

  • 23.
    Lazarevic, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Buclet, Nicolas
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    The application of life cycle thinking in the context of European waste policy2012Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 29-30, s. 199-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As the impetus of life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle thinking (LCT) in waste management policy is increasing, decision makers may face conflicting advice on the potential environmental impacts of competing end-of-life treatment options. This paper discusses the problem posed by the Waste Framework Directive, 2008/98/EC, where LCT is required to justify the departure of waste streams from the waste hierarchy. This paper places LCA of waste management systems in the context of applying 'normal' science to 'post-normal' problems. The current application of La in waste policy is reviewed in order to determine the epistemic basis to such applications. Furthermore, several cases are reviewed where controversy has surrounded the a priori purpose of applying LCT; the justification of a clear-cut solution to environmental problems. We show how the excess of objectivity, the social construction of knowledge and the playing out of actors' games may limit the ability of LCT to offer an authoritative justification for the derogation of waste streams from the waste hierarchy. However, one of the major benefits of LCT lies in its ability to change actors problem perception. Hence, the application of LCT may be better suited to both the identification of areas of environmental impact and the positioning of waste management solutions further up the waste policy agenda.

  • 24.
    Lazarevic, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi. CNRS Troyes University of Technology, France; Veolia Environnement Recherche et Innovation, France.
    Buclet, Nicolas
    University of Technology, Troyes.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    The influence of the waste hierarchy in shaping European waste management: the case of plastic waste2010Inngår i: Regional Development Dialogue, ISSN 0250-6505, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 124-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Waste management in Europe has experienced significant changes since the 1970s. The majority of Member State waste management regimes have shifted from policies based on the control of waste disposal activities, to include goals for waste prevention and recovery. The rapid increase of plastic packaging recycling in Germany had a number of unintended consequences. In the first years of the Packaging Ordinance, the majority of plastic packaging collected was exported to China, Eastern Europe, and other EU Member States due to lack of national capacity. The setting of high recycling targets for plastic packaging waste between 1991 and 1998 and the prohibition of incineration with energy recovery was a key driver of recycling technology innovation in Germany. When adopting new principles to serve as the foundation of belief, they should synchronize with the existing waste management myths of individual regions, as myths may differ from region to region illustrating different cultural ideals.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Miafodzyeva, Sviatlana
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Comparative Analysis of Household Waste Composition in the Different Districts of Stockholm2011Inngår i: Book of Proceedings of the 1st International Conference: WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities / [ed] CVR- Centro para Valorizacao de Residuos, CVR – Centro para a Valorização de Resíduos , 2011, s. 481-485Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Separating household waste into fractions at the place where it was generated is one of the most popular methods of collection household waste in most European countries. In 1994 a producer responsibility ordinance for packaging was introduced in Sweden. This ordinance mandates householders to sort out packaging waste, clean the waste and sort different package materials – paper, plastic, glass and metal in assigned recycling bins. Household’s participation is mandatory but in practice it is rarely controlled and enforced.

    In our study we have focused our interest on seeing the composition of the “trash bags”, theoretically the rest of the waste after household sorting. The aim of the study was to identify the main fractions of household “trash bags” and the difference in the fraction among 3 different districts in Stockholm, which have practically analogous facilities for separate collection of household waste but rather different socioeconomically characteristics.  The chosen districts were located: one in the downtown and two in the suburb districts, one of which has a big multicultural characteristic due to the big amount of emigrants living there. 

    The results of the study show that the biggest fraction from the composition analyses is organic fraction. This fraction is varying from 48% in the multicultural suburban district to 34% in the downtown. These results show the big opportunity for implementation the separate organic waste collection spatially in the suburban areas of Stockholm. The amount of packaging material in the “trash bags” still composes around 28-50%. The composition of the packaging material differs in the 3 districts

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Comparative Analysis of Household Waste Composition in the Different Districts of Stockholm
  • 26.
    Miafodzyeva, Sviatlana
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Recycling behaviour among householders: Synthesizing determinants via a meta-analysis2013Inngår i: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 221-235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A meta-analysis was made of results from previous studies on different variables influencing and determining the recycling behaviour of householders. These studies were conducted by researchers working in various fields in a number of different countries and are published in diverse journals.

    We evaluated trends in research outputs in the period 1990-2010, during which the provision of recycling facilities to householders has greatly expanded and requirements have become more extensive and often more complex. Variables affecting the recycling behaviour of householders were classified into four theoretical groups: socio-psychological, technical-organisational, individual socio-demographic and study-specific. These groups (clusters) were identified in a meta-analysis of 63 empirical studies culled from published research. The strongest predictors of householders’ recycling behaviour were identified as being convenience, moral norms, information and environmental concern. The theoretical framework developed can be used to formulate questionnaires and in data analysis. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Recycling Behaviour Among Householders: Synthesizing Determinants Via a Meta-analysis
  • 27.
    Miafodzyeva, Sviatlana
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Andersson, Mari
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Recycling behaviour of householders living in multicultural urban area: a case study of Järva, Stockholm, Sweden2013Inngår i: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 447-457Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The recycling behaviour of multicultural householders was investigated in the urban area of Jarva, northwest Stockholm, Sweden, which is home to a significant proportion of immigrants from different parts of the world. Different ethnic minorities currently make up an important proportion of the urban population in Sweden, but little is known about their recycling behaviour and attitudes. Using quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interviews) methodology, possible determinants of recycling behaviour were investigated among Jarva householders. It was found that attitude toward the importance of recycling had a positive correlation and was the main determinant of recycling behaviour among these householders. In contrast, environmental concern, satisfaction with the facilities provided, recycling confidence, community identity and socio-demographical factors showed no correlation with their recycling behaviour. Other results of the study indicated a need to investigate the specific behaviour of multicultural householders regarding source-separated collection and the recycling of hazardous, electronic and bulky wastes.

  • 28.
    Miafodzyeva, Sviatlana
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Olsson, Monika
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Motivation Recycling: pre-recycling case study in Minsk, Belarus2010Inngår i: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 340-346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the aim of motivating householders to behave in a recycling-friendly manner, there is a need to understand consumers' recycling behaviour. This paper documents and analyses acceptability and awareness of a pre-recycling society, through a survey carried out in the region of Minsk, Belarus. The results show a large number of people have no strong awareness about separate collection of household waste for recycling. By analysing the pre-recycling behaviour of Minsk citizens and substantive comparison with literature studies of a more mature recycling society such as Sweden, we indicate common sociodemographic variables for both cases and determine that these sociodemographic characteristics will directly influence recycling behaviour in countries like Belarus. It is also noted that the lack of recycling habit cannot directly predict subsequent recycling behaviour on the stage of implementation the recycling system.

  • 29.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Consumption-based Carbon Accounting of Swedish and Stockholm Households - Pre-study2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Proposing an Hourly Dynamic Wind Signal as an Environmental Incentive for Demand Response2017Inngår i: ADVANCES AND NEW TRENDS IN ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATICS: STABILITY, CONTINUITY, INNOVATION, Springer, 2017, s. 153-164Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Demand Response (DR) is expected to play a crucial role in balancing supply and demand in future smart grids with increased proportion of electricity from renewable sources. However, previous studies on price-based DR programs have shown that there is a substantial need to strengthen the incentive models in order to achieve sufficient end-user response. In addition, recent studies are starting to explore alternative incentives based on environmental performance as a support to dynamic pricing tariffs. In this paper, we investigate in the potential of using a dynamic wind signal, reflecting the hourly variations in wind power generation, as an environmental incentive for load shift in DR programs. A wind signal is constructed based on Swedish electricity generation data for 2014, and intraday and seasonally patterns of wind power generation are analyzed with respect to hourly electricity spot prices. The results show that a wind signal is supportive to the economic incentive of a dynamic price signal to stimulate intraday load shift by end-use customers; shifting electricity consumption from hours of high price and low wind power generation to hours of low price and high wind power generation, leading to both consumer cost-savings and reduced climate impact in the long term.

  • 31.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik. Finnish Environm Inst SYKE, Environm Policy Ctr, PL 140, Helsinki 00251, Finland.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Kordas, Olga
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Brandt, Nils ()
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Kordas, Olga ()
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Household responsiveness to residential demand response strategies - Results and policy implications from a Swedish field study2018Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To realize the benefits of smart grids, residential demand response (DR) aims to increase demand flexibility by influence household electricity consumption. Although price-based DR programs have shown potential, there is a need to further investigate the effectiveness of DR in energy strategy and policy development. The evaluation of DR has focused on the impact on overall power demand, assuming that consumers are economically rational decision-maker. However, recent findings suggest that consumer responses have been insufficient and calls have been made to identify novel evaluation approaches that better reflect the human dimension of energy consumption. Continuing this line of enquiry, this paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of DR and explore the potential of environmental incentives for increased consumer engagement. We propose an interdisciplinary evaluation framework to understand variations in household responsiveness to DR strategies, which is tested in a Swedish DR field trial covering 136 households during 2017. Results suggest that the effectiveness of DR varies widely across household type; ranging from substantial reductions in overall consumption and during peak periods, to increases in consumption during peak periods. Furthermore, a clear favor of price incentives, compared to environmental incentives, as the most efficient strategy to increase demand flexibility was observed.

  • 32.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Resurser, energi och infrastruktur.
    Stoll, Pia
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Assessing the impact of real-time price visualization on residential electricity consumption, costs, and carbon emissions2015Inngår i: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 124, s. 152-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of smart grid projects, with demand side management as an integral part, has led to an increased interest of households’ willingness to react to different types of demand response programs. This paper presents a pilot study assessing the impact of real-time price visualization on residential electricity consumption, and its effects on electricity costs and carbon (CO2eq) emissions. We analyze changes in electricity consumption based on a test group and a reference group of 12 households, respectively. To allow for analysis on load shift impact on CO2eq emissions, hourly dynamic CO2eq intensity of the Swedish electricity grid mix is calculated, using electricity generation data, trading data, and fuel-type specific emission factors. The results suggest that, on average, the test households shifted roughly 5% of their total daily electricity consumption from peak hours (of high electricity price) to off-peak hours (of low electricity price) as an effect of real-time price visualization. However, due to the mechanisms of the Swedish electricity market, with a negative relation between spot price and CO2eq intensity, the load shift led to a split effect; electricity costs modestly decreased while CO2eq emissions increased. In addition, any indication of the contribution of real-time spot price visualization to a reduction in overall household electricity consumption level could not be found, as the relative difference in consumption level between the test households and the reference households remained constant during both the baseline period and the test period. 

  • 33.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Resurser, energi och infrastruktur.
    Wester, Misse
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Smart homes, home energy management systems and real-time feedback- Lessons for influencing household energy consumption from a Swedish field study2018Inngår i: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 179, s. 15-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Home energy management systems (HEMS), providing energy feedback and smart features through in-home displays, have the potential to support more sustainable household decisions concerning energy consumption. However, recent findings from European smart metering trials have reduced the optimism, suggesting only modest savings from energy feedback. In this paper, we investigate the potential of HEMS to foster reductions in energy use, focusing on a population segment of particular relevance; high-income and highly educated households, considered as early adopters of smart grid technologies. Covering 154 households participating in a field trial in a sustainable city district in Stockholm, Sweden during one year, this study draws on the analyses of smart meter electricity and hot tap water data and in-depth interviews to provide an increased understanding of how feedback and features are perceived, used, and acted upon, and resulting effects on awareness, behavior, and consumption. Our results show that impact on energy consumption varies widely across individual households, suggesting that households respond to energy feedback highly individually. Although HEMS may lead to increased awareness of energy consumption, as well as increased home comfort, several obstacles for energy consumption behavioral change are identified. Drawing from these findings, we suggest policy implications and key issues for future research.

  • 34.
    Pandis Iverot, Sofie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    The development of a sustainable urban district in Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm, Sweden?2011Inngår i: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975, Vol. 13, nr 6, s. 1043-1064Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    By 2012, Hammarby Sjöstad, a former large industrial harbor area in southern Stockholm, Sweden, will be a fully developed residential district containing approximately 11,000 apartments and accommodating 35,000 people. The transformation of the area began in 1996, and the development soon became renowned for its ambitious environmental program, inspired by Agenda 21 (United Nations in Rio declaration on environment and development. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), Rio de Janeiro, 1992) and the Sydney 2000 Olympics in Australia (Newman in Landsc Urban Plan 44:219-226, 1999). Using results based on literature reviews, in-depth interviews, discussions with focus groups, and quantitative data, this paper attempts to gain insight into how the environmental program influenced the planning and performance of the district with regard to sustainable urban development. In doing so, three important conclusions were maintained that could be valuable for similar projects concerning the planning and development of sustainable urban districts. First, the environmental program proved vital to the development process of Hammarby Sjöstad, specifically in its drive to create a sustainable urban district. When planning on improving the sustainability of future districts, such a program should be introduced and integrated earlier in the planning stage of the district. Second, the metabolic flows of Hammarby Sjöstad were reduced as a result of the integrated system-the Hammarby Model-of Hammarby Sjöstad. In order to reduce the metabolic flows in future urban districts even further, it is important to facilitate the integration of technical innovations into existing integrated systems. Third, this case study showed that there was a loss of valid and credible data related to the aims and goals of the environmental program of Hammarby Sjöstad. In future urban districts, it is of the utmost importance to include a clear structure of the assessment process in the environmental program, which would ensure the quality of gathered data and facilitate the development of even better sustainable urban districts in the future.

  • 35.
    Pandis Iverot, Sofie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Johansson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    The potential of the infrastructural system of Hammarby Sjöstad in Stockholm, Sweden2013Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 59, s. 716-726Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to explore to what extent the integrated infrastructural system in Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm, also named the Hammarby Model, reduces the metabolic flows of the district, and to what extent the district is self-sufficient, in terms of generated energy. Furthermore, the paper aspires to help create a deeper understanding of the system in order to guide the implementation of similar models in other districts, creating more sustainable cities. The method has been to quantify the local mass and energy flows of the model, using the secondary energy generated within Hammarby Sjöstad as basis when creating the system boundaries of the calculations. The findings demonstrate that the Hammarby Model reduces the metabolic flows of Hammarby Sjöstad but that the district is far from self-sufficient in terms of secondary energy. The conclusions of the paper are that the development of integrated infrastructural systems is one way to help create more sustainable cities. However, in order to reduce metabolic flows even further, the efficiency of the system must be improved by integrating more renewable energy sources. At the same time less energy has to be used in the households.

  • 36.
    Pandis Iverot, Sofie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Vernay, A.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Mulder, Karel
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Implications of systems integration at the urban level, the case of Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm, Sweden2010Inngår i: In Conference erscp-emsu 2010, knowledge collaboration & learning for sustainable innovation, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 37.
    Pandis Iverot, Sofie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Vernay, Anne-Lorene
    Mulder, Karel F.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Implications of systems integration at the urban level: the case of Hammarby Sjostad, Stockholm2013Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 48, s. 220-231Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems integration is a trend in the quest for increased environmental performance in urban districts, yet its implications are not yet fully known. Hammarby Sjostad is a district in Stockholm, Sweden, designed with high environmental ambitions. These ambitions were later expressed in the Hammarby Model, an integrated infrastructural system aiming to minimize the metabolic flows of the district by closing its material and energy flows. Various integrated systems were already present in Stockholm when discussions began around the development of the Hammarby Model. Using a conceptual framework inspired by transition theory, this paper analyses the process of designing and building the Hammarby Model. Our aim is to create a better understanding of the implications of systems integration at the urban district level. The findings of the study show that systems integration may both enable and constrain further innovation. On one hand, integration facilitates the implementation of technologies that are add-ons or that solve a reverse salient experienced by the integrated system. On the other hand, technologies that are perceived to threaten the integrated system are locked out, prohibiting further optimization of the system.

  • 38.
    Pechsiri, Joseph Santhi
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Risén, Emma
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Malmström, Maria E.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Gröndahl, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Harvesting of Nodularia spumigena in the Baltic Sea: Assessment of Potentials and Added Benefits2014Inngår i: Journal of Coastal Research, ISSN 0749-0208, E-ISSN 1551-5036, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 825-831Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest to harvest wild cyanobacteria exists due to the environmental and socioeconomic risks during cyanobacteria blooms coupled with demands for nonterrestrial-based alternatives for biofuel sources. This research, therefore, sought to estimate the wild cyanobacteria harvesting potential using Nodularia spumigena, and using the Baltic Sea as the case study. Data from literature provided during years 2003-2009 were used to perform estimations. Additional benefits of harvesting were also assessed by estimating the nutrient removal and biogas production potentials from the harvested biomass. Results indicate that one boom unit has the potential to harvest approximately 3 to 700 kg dry weight of N. spumigena per hour depending on the algae concentration of the bloom. Results also suggest that nutrient removal and biogas production potentials provide substantial additional incentives to the harvesting operation during years of extensive and highly concentrated blooms. However, during nonextensive or nonconcentrated blooms such potentials are low.

  • 39.
    Risén, Emma
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Malmström, Maria
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Gröndahl, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Sustainable production of biogas from maritime biomass2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Risén, Emma
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Pechsiri, Joseph Santhi
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Malmström, Maria
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Gröndahl, Fredrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Natural Resource Potential of Macroalgae Harvesting in the Baltic Sea-Case Study Trelleborg, Sweden2013Inngår i: Global Challenges in Integrated Coastal Zone Management, John Wiley & Sons, 2013, s. 69-84Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in harvesting biomass from the Baltic Sea has increased in recent years. However, there is a lack of available data on macroalgae biomass and of cost-effective methods for site-specific quantification of macroalgae. In this study, macroalgae biomass has been quantified in Trelleborg and thus the nutrient reduction that could be achieved by harvesting on a regional scale. The biomass was estimated on the basis of existing inventories of macroalgae, photic zone distribution and bottom substrata. An independent model for estimating the potential of macroalgae growth was applied where factors affecting the growth of macroalgae, for example nutrients, light and temperature, were considered. The estimated summer stock of macroalgae biomass along the 58 km coastal stretch in Trelleborg amounts to 19 000 tonnes dry weight (dwt) red filamentous algae. If 10-30% of this summer stock were to be harvested, a nutrient reduction of 50-150 t of nitrogen could be achieved. The model for estimating biomass proved promising and worthy of further investigation.

  • 41.
    Rytterbro, Jon
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Robért, Markus
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Johansson, Stefan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Are future renewable energy targets consistent with current planning perspectives?2011Inngår i: Environmental Economics, ISSN 1998-6041, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 93-206Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Local examples of how renewable energy targets can be fulfilled in the transport sector without compromising individualmobility will be critical as we approach peak-oil and tougher emission caps in the future. Globally, frontier cities that demonstratebest practice solutions might have an advantage when the situation becomes more acute and the urge for disseminatingknow-how between cities increases. The issue is complex, since sustainable traffic planning and renewable energy supplyneed to encompass a multi-stakeholder process, involving potential shifts in individual travel behavior, the development offuture vehicle technologies, and requirements on more efficient energy supply chains. One prediction can be made: the transitionto a non-carbon society will place immense pressure on the limited, solar, wind and bio energy assets.One attempt to create a local sustainable city district with zero net contribution to fossil fuel emissions is the ‘StockholmRoyal Seaport’ (SRS) in Sweden. Here, many of the key elements of a sustainable transport system are beingplanned for, such as optimum public transport provision, optimal biking/walking conditions, condensed city planningwith a mixture of dwellings and office buildings equipped with virtual meeting technologies. Given this assumed‘ideal’ situation for a sustainable transport system and the long-term target of 100% renewable energy use by 2030, thisstudy analyzes the questions: ‘Is this target within reach, assuming various levels of more sustainable travel patterns?’and if not, ‘What else is needed in order to meet target fulfilment?”The analysis, which is based on a combined forecasting/backcasting approach, comes to the conclusion that eventhough the SRS district in many respects could be regarded as ‘ideal’ for target fulfilment and bio-fuel assets in Swedenare favourable, feasible strategies to actually meet the requirements for a non-fossil energy supply are lackingunless the limits on the proportion of renewable energy assets allocated to transport are exceeded. These conclusionswill hopefully work as an eye-opener on current planning perspectives and feed the discussion on how to guide developmenttowards meeting the unavoidable renewable energy targets that must be fulfilled.

  • 42.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Making sense of smart city sensors2013Inngår i: Urban and Regional Data Management, UDMS Annual 2013 - Proceedings of the Urban Data Management Society Symposium 2013, Taylor & Francis Group, 2013, s. 117-127Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid emergence of smart cities and their sensor networks is being accompanied by an increasing demand for systems to interpret and use the vast amounts of new data they make available. This paper describes the key system design decisions that needed to be taken when developing a calculation engine for a pilot project entitled Smart City Stockholm Royal Seaport. The system design decisions confronting researchers ranged from dealing with data gaps and drawing system boundaries, to developing data structures and ontologies that allow for comparability among smart cities. Most of these decisions are currently being made on an ad hoc basis by system architects while the need for comparability and transparency, demands standardization. The success of standardization bodies and unifying organizations, such as City Protocol, is dependent on the smart city pilot projects being transparent with regards to these design decisions, so they ultimately can be used as a foundation for developing a common language for smart cities.

  • 43.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Smart Urban Metabolism: Towards a Real-Time Understanding of the Energy and Material Flows of a City and Its Citizens2015Inngår i: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 65-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban metabolism is a concept employed to understand the flow of energy and materials through urban areas. However, applying this approach at the city level has been limited by the lack of data at this scale. This paper reviews the current application of the urban metabolism concept and proposes the concept of a “smart urban metabolism” (SUM). Through integrating ICT and smart-city technologies, the SUM model can provide real-time feedback on energy and material flows, from the level of the household to the urban district. This is highlighted through an example of its application in the Stockholm Royal Seaport, Sweden.

  • 44.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Levihn, Fabian
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Hållbarhet och industriell dynamik.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Big meter data analysis of the energy efficiency potential in Stockholm's building stock2014Inngår i: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 78, s. 153-164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The City of Stockholm is making substantial efforts towards meeting its climate change commitments including a GHG emission target of 3 tonnes per capita by 2020 and making its new eco-district Stockholm Royal Seaport a candidate of Clinton Climate Initiative's Climate Positive Program. Towards achieving these policies, this study evaluated the energy efficiency potential in the city, in collaboration with the district heating and electricity utility Fortum. Drawing on their vast billing meter data on the housing stock in Stockholm, a new understanding of energy use in the city emerged. Analysis of the energy efficiency potential of different building vintages revealed that the retrofitting potential of the building stock to current building codes would reduce heating energy use by one third. In terms of market segmentation, the greatest reduction potential in total energy was found to be for buildings constructed between 1946 and 1975. This is due to the large number of buildings constructed during that era and their poor energy performance. However, the least energy-efficient buildings were those built between 1926 and 1945 in contradiction to commonly held beliefs. These findings indicate the need for a shift in public policy towards the buildings with highest retrofitting potential.

  • 45.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    van der Heijde, Bram
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik.
    Big Data GIS Analytics Towards Efficient Waste Management in Stockholm2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2014 conference ICT for Sustainability / [ed] Höjer, Lago, Wangel, Stockholm, 2014, s. 140-147Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents preliminary findings from a big data analysis and GIS to identify the efficiency of waste management and transportation in the City of Stockholm. The aim of this paper is to identify inefficiencies in waste collection routes in the city of Stockholm, and to suggest potential improvements. Based on a large data set consisting of roughly half a million entries of waste fractions, weights, and locations, a series of new waste generation maps was developed. This was the outcome of an extensive data curation process, followed by batch geocoding of the curated entries. Thereafter, the maps were generated that describe what waste fraction comes from where and how it is collected. Finally, a preliminary analysis of the route efficiency was conducted. Maps of selected vehicle routes were constructed in detail and the efficiencies of the routes for the first half of July 2013 were assessed using the efficiency index (kg waste/km). It is concluded that substantial inefficiencies were revealed, and a number of intervention measures are discussed to increase the efficiency of waste management, including a shared waste collection vehicle fleet.

  • 46.
    Shahrokni, Hossein
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Årman, Louise
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Nilsson, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Implementing Smart Urban Metabolism in the Stockholm Royal Seaport: Smart City SRS2015Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, nr 5, s. 917-929Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For half a century, system scientists have relied on urban metabolism (UM) as a pragmatic framework to support the needed transition toward sustainable urban development. It has been suggested that information and communication technology (ICT) and, more specifically, smart cities can be leveraged in this transition. Given the recent advances in smart cities, smart urban metabolism (SUM) is considered a technology-enabled evolution of the UM framework, overcoming some of its current limitations. Most significantly, the SUM framework works at high temporal (up to real-time) and spatial (down to household/individual) resolutions. This article presents the first implementation of SUM in the Smart City Stockholm Royal Seaport R&D project; it further analyzes barriers and discusses the potential long-term implications of the findings. Four key performance indicators (KPIs) are generated in real time based on the integration of heterogeneous, real-time data sources. These are kilowatt-hours per square meter, carbon dioxide equivalents per capita, kilowatt-hours of primary energy per capita, and share of renewables percentage. These KPIs are fed back on three levels (household, building, and district) on four interfaces, developed for different audiences. The most challenging barrier identified was accessing and integrating siloed data from the different data owners (utilities, building owners, and so forth). It is hard to overcome unless a significant value is perceived. A number of long-term opportunities were described in the SUM context; among those, it is envisioned that SUM could enable a new understanding of the causalities that govern urbanism and allow citizens and city officials to receive feedback on the system consequences of their choices.

  • 47.
    Stoll, Pia
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi. KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Industriella informations- och styrsystem.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Nordström, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES), Industriella informations- och styrsystem.
    Including dynamic CO2 intensity with demand response2014Inngår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 65, s. 490-500Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hourly demand response tariffs with the intention of reducing or shifting loads during peak demand hours are being intensively discussed among policy-makers, researchers and executives of future electricity systems. Demand response rates have still low customer acceptance, apparently because the consumption habits requires stronger incentive to change than any proposed financial incentive. An hourly CO2 intensity signal could give customers an extra environmental motivation to shift or reduce loads during peak hours, as it would enable co-optimisation of electricity consumption costs and carbon emissions reductions. In this study, we calculated the hourly dynamic CO2 signal and applied the calculation to hourly electricity market data in Great Britain, Ontario and Sweden. This provided a novel understanding of the relationships between hourly electricity generation mix composition, electricity price and electricity mix CO2 intensity. Load shifts from high-price hours resulted in carbon emission reductions for electricity generation mixes where price and CO2 intensity were positively correlated. The reduction can be further improved if the shift is optimised using both price and CO2 intensity. The analysis also indicated that an hourly CO2 intensity signal can help avoid carbon emissions increases for mixes with a negative correlation between electricity price and CO2 intensity.

  • 48.
    Sun, Qie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Governance of Large-Scale Environmental Problems: the case of climate change2010Inngår i: International Journal of Global Warming, ISSN 1758-2083, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 162-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the management of Climate Change Mitigation (CCM), seeking a working institution capable of addressing its cross-scale and multi-level challenges. Currently, two most studied forms of institution are co-management and transnational networks, of which a common point is that they both attempt to build up cooperative networks. While cooperative networks have a general form of viability, this paper develops an Interactions Check Table (ICT) to illustrate those interactions between stakeholders in those two forms of cooperative networks. On the basis of the ICT analysis, this paper makes suggestions for improving cooperative networks as a working institution.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Sun, Qie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Xu, Bo
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Co-benefits of CDM projects and policy implications2010Inngår i: Environmental Economics, ISSN 1998-6041, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 78-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to study the co-benefits of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects, and further to discuss the policy of its implications. It has been found that many energy-related climate change mitigation (CCM) activities, including CDM projects, are able to produce a significant amount of co-benefits, while the policy implications have been limited. Through co-benefits assessment of Chinese CDM projects, it can be concluded that: (1) there are uncertainties relating to co-benefits assessment; (2) co-benefits assessment can be only applied to energy related projects (ERPs) and not to HFC23 decomposition projects; (3) hydropower and wind power projects are the largest contributors to cobenefits. Considering average capacity, projects concerning energy switch from coal to natural gas, coal mine methane recovery and biogas recovery are also important; and (4) the distribution of co-benefits in China are uneven. Through a discussion about policy implications of co-benefits, this paper suggest that co-benefits should neither be involved into current international CCM negotiation, nor used to ensure projects’ contribution to sustainable development. However, co-benefits analysis can indicate synergies or optimised trade-offs between CCM and protecting local environment, which is valuable for decision-making in developing countries, especially for local governments.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Co-benefits of CDM projects and policy implications
  • 50.
    Sun, Qie
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Xu, Bo
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Yang, Qirui
    Sustainability of CDM projects: a matter of scope and methods2010Inngår i: In the 2010 Gordon Research Conference (GRS) on Industrial Ecology: July 11-16, 2010, New London, NH, USA, 2010, s. 1-18Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Two CDM projects were compared in terms of their impacts on SD, using the popular AHP method. Two experimental groups of post-graduate students performed the assessment and both found that the HFC23 decomposition project studied was a bigger contributor to SD than the hydropower project, although the details differed. The outcome could have been different if the assessment had been performed by real stakeholders and decision-makers instead of students. Nevertheless, the study confirmed that AHP can be a useful method for decision-making especially in a complex situation relating to SD. However, some weaknesses of the AHP method were identified. These, inter alia, included: (1) the final results depended heavily on the participants in the assessment; (2) only a limited number of alternatives can be considered; and (3) the final results are difficult to use elsewhere.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
12 1 - 50 of 58
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