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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden..
    Andersson, Martin
    Lund Univ, CIRCLE, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden.;Blekinge Inst Technol BTH, Dept Ind Econ, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.;Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Human capital sorting: The "when" and "who" of the sorting of educated workers to urban regions2018Ingår i: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, Vol. 58, nr 3, s. 581-610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The sorting of high-ability workers is often advanced as one source of spatial disparities in economic outcomes. There are still few papers that analyze when human capital sorting occurs and whom it involves. Using data on 16 cohorts of university graduates in Sweden, we demonstrate significant sorting to urban regions on high school grades and education levels of parents, i.e., two attributes typically associated with latent abilities that are valued in the labor market. A large part of this sorting has already occurred in deciding where to study, because the top universities in Sweden are predominantly located in urban regions. The largest part of directed sorting on ability indicators occurs in the decision of where to study. Even after controlling for sorting prior to labor market entry, the best and brightest are still more likely to start working in urban regions. However, this effect appears to be driven by Sweden's main metropolitan region, Stockholm. We find no influence of our ability indicators on the probability of starting to work in urban regions after graduation when Stockholm is excluded. Studies of human capital sorting need to account for selection processes to and from universities, because neglecting mobility prior to labor market entry is likely to lead to an underestimation of the extent of the sorting to urban regions.

  • 2. Ahlin, Lina
    et al.
    Andersson, Martin
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Sweden.
    Market Thickness and the Early Labour Market Career of University Graduates: An Urban Advantage?2014Ingår i: Spatial Economic Analysis, ISSN 1742-1772, E-ISSN 1742-1780, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 396-419Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyse the influence of market thickness for skills on initial wages and the early job market career of university graduates. Using Swedish micro-level panel data on a cohort of graduates, we show that two out of three graduates move to large cities upon graduation. Large cities increase employment probabilities and yield higher rewards to human capital, even after controlling for employment selection. The premium on initial wages for graduates in urban regions is in the interval of 5-6%, and we estimate a wage-growth premium of about 2-4%. Thicker markets for skills appear as a key reason for the concentration of graduates to larger cities.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    CIRCLE, Lund University and Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101).
    Creative Destruction and Productivity: Entrepreneurship by Type, Sector and Sequence2012Ingår i: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 125-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Schumpeter claimed the entrepreneur to be instrumental for creative destruction and industrial dynamics. Entrepreneurial entry serves to transform and revitalize industries, thereby enhancing their competitiveness. The purpose of this paper is to investigate if entry of new firms influences productivity amongst incumbent firms, and the extent to which altered productivity can be attributed sector and time specific effects.

    Design/methodology/approach – Implementing a unique dataset the paper estimates a firm-level production function in which the productivity of incumbent firms is modeled as a function of firm attributes and regional entrepreneurship activity.

    Findings – The analysis finds support for positive productivity effects of entrepreneurship on incumbent firms, albeit the effect varies over time, what the authors refer to as a “delayed entry effect”. An immediate negative influence on productivity is followed by a positive effect several years after the initial entry. Moreover, the productivity of incumbent firms in services sectors appears to be more responsive to regional entrepreneurship, as compared to the productivity of manufacturing firms.

    Originality/value – The paper employs a firm-level production function approach allowing for time lags of the effect of entrepreneurship. The unique data implemented allow the authors to identify genuinely new ventures as compared to those associated with reorganizations of existing businesses, thereby overcoming much of data deficiencies in previous studies. In addition, data are distributed on Swedish functional labor market regions.

  • 4. Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Does spatial employment density spur inter-firm job switching?2013Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 51, nr 1, s. 245-272Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-firm job switching of workers is a much cited but seldom measured source of the productivity advantages of spatial employment density. It has been advanced as a conduit for localized knowledge flows as well as labor market matching efficiency. Using a matched employer-employee dataset for Sweden, we estimate the influence spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job switching of private sector workers. Our estimates suggest that a doubling of employment density per square kilometer increases the probability that a random worker switches employer by 0.2 % points. The same effect is substantially higher for more skilled workers. While the effect of a doubling of density is limited, the actual differences in density across the regions in our data amount to a factor over 40, rendering differences in density an important explanation for regional variations in rates of inter-firm job switching.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Globalisering, arbetskraftens rörlighet och produktivitet2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Teknologiska framsteg och kunskapsutveckling är den viktigaste förklaringen till högre tillväxt och ett ökat välstånd. I en dynamisk global ekonomi där teknikfronten flyttas framåt i allt snabbare takt blir därför förmågan att tillgodogöra sig ny teknik allt viktigare. Betydelsen av väl fungerande utbildningssystem och starka forskningsmiljöer för produktivitet och tillväxt är väl känt, däremot är kunskaperna beträffande hur kunskap sprids mellan företag och regioner betydligt mer begränsade. Genom att använda ett unikt datamaterial visar författarna att en ökad rörlighet av högutbildade har en positiv inverkan på produktiviteten. Tolkningen är att högutbildade är bärare av kunskap som sprids och kombineras med redan befintlig kunskap vilket i sin tur har positiva produktivitetseffekter. Flöden av arbetskraft mellan företag, regioner och länder blir en viktig komponent för att öka tillväxt och välstånd. Politiken bör därför utforma system som skapar goda förutsättningar för rörlighet samt reducerar inlåsningseffekter i den svenska ekonomin. Resultaten pekar också på att "täta" miljöer som storstäder och klusterbildningar är särskilt gynnsamma för kunskapsspridning, skapandet av humankapital, innovationer och tillväxt.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE) Lunds Universitet.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi (Stängd 20130101). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS (stängd 20110701).
    LABOR MOBILITY AND SPATIAL DENSITY2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on a much cited but seldom measured micro-foundation for agglomerations: inter-firm labor mobility. Labor mobility has been advanced as a vehicle for knowledge flows and labor market efficiency, and is often maintained to be an important source of agglomeration economies. Based on matched employer-employee data, we estimate the influence that spatial employment density has on the probability of inter-firm job-switching, while controlling for ample attributes of each worker and employer. The rate of inter-firm labor mobility varies substantially across regions and we document a systematic and robust positive influence of density on the probability of job switching. The likelihood that such switching is intra-regional is significantly higher if the employees operate in denser regions, verifying that labor mobility (and thus the effects mediated by it) is indeed localized. Higher rates of inter-firm labor mobility appear as a likely mechanism behind the empirically verified productivity advantage of dense regions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CESISWP248
  • 7.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Andersson, Martin
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Creative Destruction and Productivity: Entrepreneurship by type, sector and sequence2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Schumpeter claimed the entrepreneur to be instrumental for creative destruction and industrial dynamics. Entrepreneurial entry serves to transform and revitalize industries, thereby enhancing their competiveness. This paper investigates if entry of new firms influences productivity amongst incumbent firms, and the extent to which altered productivity can be attributed sector and time specific effects. Implementing a unique dataset we estimate a firm-level production function in which the productivity of incumbent firms is modeled as a function of firm attributes and regional entrepreneurship activity. The analysis finds support for positive productivity effects of entrepreneurship on incumbent firms, albeit the effect varies over time, what we refer to as a delayed entry effect. An immediate negative influence on productivity is followed by a positive effect several years after the initial entry. Moreover, the productivity of incumbent firms in services sectors appears to be more responsive to regional entrepreneurship, as compared to the productivity of manufacturing firms.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CESISWP256
  • 8.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Does Labour Mobility Foster Innovation?: Evidence from Sweden2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    By utilising a Swedish unique, matched employer-employee dataset that has been pooled with firm-level patent application data, we provide new evidence that knowledge workers’ mobility has a positive and strongly significant impact on firm innovation output, as measured by firm patent applications. The effect is particularly strong for knowledge workers that have previously worked in a patenting firm (the learning-by-hiring effect), but firms losing a knowledge worker are also shown to benefit (the diaspora effect), albeit more weakly. Finally, the effect is more pronounced when the joining worker originates in another region.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Labor market flexibility, growth and innovation: the case of Sweden2014Ingår i: En fungerande arbetsmarknad: nyckel till innovation och kunskapsdriven tillväxt / [ed] Pontus Braunerhjelm och Johan Eklund, Entreprenörskapsforum , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm.
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm.
    Labour as a knowledge carrier: how increased mobilityinfluences entrepreneurship2015Ingår i: Journal of Technology Transfer, ISSN 0892-9912, E-ISSN 1573-7047, Vol. 41, nr 6, s. 1308-1326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the knowledge-based spillover theory of entrepreneurship (KSTE), entrepreneurship is positively associated with the knowledge endowment level. An increase in knowledge expands the opportunity set, which is then exploited by heterogeneous entrepreneurs. The objective of this paper is to empirically test the validity of the KSTE by employing a detailed database comprising more than 19 million observations for the period 2001–2008 at the level of individuals, firms and regions in Sweden. Knowledge is claimed to be partly embodied in labour, implying that an increase in labour mobility can be expected to influence knowledge endowment at the regional level. Our dependent variable is an individual who has remained in a region throughout the time period considered. Controlling for a number of other variables, inter-regional labour inflows and intra-regional mobility levels are shown to exert a strong positive effect on entrepreneurship. This contrasts with inter-regional outflows, which negatively affect entrepreneurial entry. Another noteworthy result is that the probability of exploiting an increased knowledge stock through entrepreneurship increases by 15 % points if the individual has previous experience in starting a firm.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Grevgatan 34, SE-11453 Stockholm, Sweden.;Blekinge Inst Technol, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden..
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Labour market mobility, knowledge diffusion and innovation2020Ingår i: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 123, artikel-id 103386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Utilising a unique Swedish matched employer-employee dataset, which has been pooled with firm-level patent application data, we provide new evidence that knowledge workers mobility has a positive and strongly significant impact on firm innovation output, as measured by firm patent applications. The effect is statistically and economically highly significant for knowledge workers who have previously worked in a patenting firm (the learning-by-hiring effect), whereas only limited impact could be detected for firms losing knowledge workers (the learning-by-diaspora effect). No effects were detected for inexperienced university graduates. Finally, the effect is more pronounced when the joining worker originates from within the same region.

  • 12.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Eklund, Johan
    Thulin, Per
    KTH.
    Taxes, the tax adminstrative burden and the entrepreneurial life cycle2019Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a modified version of the entrepreneurial choice model, where it is shown that the expected utility of becoming an entrepreneur is decreasing in both the levels of taxes and the tax administrative burden. We extend previous empirical findings by examining how these variables influence entrepreneurs at different stages in the entrepreneurial life cycle. Our findings imply that the effect of the tax administrative burden varies over the entrepreneurial life cycle from strongly negative to insignificant. The most pronounced negative effects appear in the early stages of entrepreneurship. We conclude that a 10% reduction in the tax administrative burden increases the propensity for new business establishments by 4%. Our findings support the idea that tax simplification is one way to encourage entrepreneurship, without any reduction in tax revenues.

  • 13.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Holmqvist, Carin
    Skoogsberg, Ylva
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Entreprenörskapsforum .
    Entreprenörer är viktiga för tillväxt och arbetstillfällen2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Holmqvist, Carin
    Skoogsberg, Ylva
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Entreprenörskapsforum .
    Entreprenörsviljan i Södermanland är näst lägst i landet2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Holmqvist, Carin
    Skoogsberg, Ylva
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Entreprenörskapsforum .
    Hur står det till med entreprenörskapet i länet?2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Holmqvist, Carin
    Skoogsberg, Ylva
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Entreprenörskapsforum .
    Lägst entreprenörsvilja i Värmland2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 17.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Holmqvist, Carin
    Skoogsberg, Ylva
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.). Entreprenörskapsforum .
    Råd åt finansdepartementet: Se vikten av entreprenörer och uppfinnare2017Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    Holmqvist, Carin
    Skoogsberg, Ylva
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi.
    The entrepreneurial challenge – A comparative study of entrepreneurial dynamics in China, Europe and the US2016Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    The Relationship Between Domestic and Outward Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Industry-Specific Effects2005Ingår i: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 677-694Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has been inconclusive as regards the effect of outward foreign direct investment (FDI) on domestic investments. In this article, we show that this inconclusiveness can be explained at a disaggregated level as a function of the way industries are organized. Based on a simple theoretical framework including monitoring and trade costs, we argue that a complementary relationship can be expected to prevail in vertically integrated industries, whereas a substitutionary relationship can be expected in horizontally organized production. The empirical analysis confirms a significant difference between the two categories of industry as regards the impact of outward FDI on domestic investment. The results may thus have profound policy implications.

  • 20.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Agglomeration, Relative Wage Costs and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Swedish MNCs 1974-19982009Ingår i: Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, ISSN 1566-1679, E-ISSN 1573-7012, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 197-217Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the relationship between agglomeration economies and relative wage costs in influencing location of multinational corporations. An inflow of firms to certain regions and industries is likely to increase demand for labor. If mobility of labor is low increased costs can be expected to deter additional inflows of firms, albeit agglomeration economies may compensate for higher wages. Despite its important policy implications this relationship has to our knowledge not been exposed to empirical testing. The empirical analysis finds that foreign direct investment has become increasingly sensitive to differences in wage cost across industrialized countries, but also that agglomeration economies related to knowledge externalities positively influences higher costs. The relative strength of these two forces impacts the spatial distribution of production.

  • 21.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi.
    Can Countries Create Comparative Advantages?: R&D expenditures, high-tech exports and country size in 19 OECD countries, 1981-19992008Ingår i: International economic journal, ISSN 1016-8737, E-ISSN 1743-517X, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 95-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses how increased R&D expenditures and market size influence the distribution of comparative advantage. Previous studies report ambiguous results and also refer to periods when markets where much more segmented and production factors less mobile. The empirical analysis comprises 19 OECD-countries and spans the period 1981 to 1999. It is shown how an increase in R&D-expenditures by one percentage point implies a three-percentage point increase in high-technology exports, whereas market size fails to attain significance. In addition, institutional factors influence the dynamics of comparative advantage.

  • 22.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Can Countries Create Comparative Advantages?: R&D-expenditures, high-tech exports and country size in19 OECD-countries, 1981–19992006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses how increased R&D expenditures and market size influencethe distribution of comparative advantage. Previous studies report ambiguousresults and also refer to periods when markets where much more segmented andproduction factors less mobile. The empirical analysis comprise 19 OECDcountriesand spans the period 1981 to 1999. It is shown how an increase inR&D-expenditures by one percentage point implies a three-percentage pointincrease in high-technology exports, whereas market size fails to attainsignificance. Also institutional factors influence the dynamics of comparativeadvantage.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CESISWP61
  • 23.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Nyföretagande i kristid. Tre kriser, tre dynamiker2010Ingår i: Ekonomisk debatt, ISSN 0345-2646Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    The trade-off between agglomeration force: Evidence from firm-level location data 1974-19982005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical prediction of a trade-off between production costs and agglomeration economiesadvanced in recent “new economic” geography models has – despite its important policyimplications – not been exposed to empirical testing. Based on a standard model where labormobility is assumed to differ between two regions - the “European Union” (EU) and the “world”- the empirical analysis shows that a ten percent increase in relative wages decreases entry byMNCs by approximately nine percent in EU, but only by three percent in the “world.” Or, putdifferently, a ten percent increase in relative wages in EU requires an increase by 26 percent inagglomeration to keep production levels unaltered. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt toempirically estimate this trade-off.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CESISWP30
  • 25.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301), Samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    The trade-off between agglomeration forces and relative costs: EU versus the ‘World’. Evidence from firm-level location data 1974-19982005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical prediction of a trade-off between production costs and agglomeration economies advanced in recent “new economic” geography models has – despite its important policy implications – not been exposed to empirical testing. Based on a standard model where labor mobility is assumed to differ between two regions - the “European Union” (EU) and the “world” - the empirical analysis shows that a ten percent increase in relative wages decreases entry by MNCs by approximately nine percent in EU, but only by three percent in the “world.” Or, put differently, a ten percent increase in relative wages in EU requires an increase by 26 percent in agglomeration to keep production levels unaltered. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to empirically estimate this trade-off.

  • 26.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    Ding, Ding
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM).
    The knowledge spillover theory of intrapreneurship2017Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introducing the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Intrapreneurship, we examine how labour mobility impacts innovation distributed by firm size. A matched employer-employee dataset, pooled with firm-level patent application data, is implemented in the analysis. We provide new evidence that knowledge workers’ mobility has a positive and strongly significant impact on all firms’ innovation output, measured as patent applications. The patterns and effects do however differ between large and small firms. More precisely, for small firms, intraregional mobility of knowledge workers who have previously worked in a patenting firm (the learning-by-hiring effect) is shown to be statistically and economically highly significant, whereas only limited impact could be detected for firms losing knowledge workers (the learning-by-diaspora effect).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS.
    Holmquist, Carin
    Entreprenörskap i Sverige 2018 – nationell GEM rapport 20192019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS. KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Samhällsekonomi.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    The Relationship Between Domestic and Outward ForeignInvestment Revisited: The Impact of Industry-Specific Effects2005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambiguity reported in previous research as regards the effect of foreign direct investment(FDI) on domestic investments is shown to be related to how industries are organized. Basedon a simple model including monitoring and trade costs, we argue that a complementaryrelationship should prevail in vertically integrated industries, whereas a substitutionaryrelationship can be expected in horizontally organized production. Applying iterative SURtechnique,the empirical analysis confirms a significant difference between the two categoriesof industries. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to reconcile the inconclusivenessreported in previous empirical analyses.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CESISWP35
  • 29.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    et al.
    Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Nationalekonomi. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Independent by necessity? The life satisfaction of necessity and opportunity entrepreneurs in 70 countries2019Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, nr 4, s. 921-934Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between self-employment and subjective well-being (SWB) is contingent on the heterogeneity observed among entrepreneurs. We argue that independence and job control, two commonly suggested sources of entrepreneurs’ higher SWB, are likely to disproportionately benefit opportunity entrepreneurs who were pulled into their occupation choice. A review of the psychological literature on the determinants of well-being further supports the view that more dynamic and impactful entrepreneurship should lead to higher SWB. Analysis of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data from 70 countries (N = 111,589) confirm this proposition. We show that entrepreneurs, all else equal, rate their life satisfaction substantially higher than employees and, further, that this effect is entirely driven by opportunity entrepreneurs.

  • 30. Moretti, Enrico
    et al.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Local multipliers and human capital in the United States and Sweden2013Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 339-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that every time a local economy generates a new job by attracting a new business in the traded sector, a significant number of additional jobs are created in the non-traded sector. This multiplier effect is particularly large for jobs with high levels of human capital and for high-technology industries. These findings are important for local development policies, as they suggest that to increase local employment levels, municipalities should target high-technology employers with high levels of human capital.

  • 31.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301).
    Essays on Regional Growth, Comparative Advantages and Foreign Direct Investments2010Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four essays, covering four different topics. The first essay investigates the relationship between inter-firm labor mobility and regional productivity growth. Previous studies have shown that density is positively correlated with growth. I claim that it is not density in itself, but rather the attributes associated with it that drives economic growth. One such attribute is the increased possibility for labor mobility and knowledge diffusion that follows when firms and individuals locate in close proximity to each other. This hypothesis is tested using density as an instrument for labor mobility. The result shows that labor mobility increases regional growth rates.

    The second essay examines the relationship between agglomeration economies and relative wage costs in influencing location of multinational corporations. An inflow of firms to certain regions and industries is likely to increase demand for labor. If mobility of labor is low increased costs can be expected to deter additional inflows of firms, albeit agglomeration economies may compensate for higher wages. The empirical analysis finds that FDI has become increasingly sensitive to differences in wage costs across industrialized countries, but also that agglomeration economies related to knowledge externalities positively influences higher costs.

    The third essay looks at the impact of FDI on home country investments. Previous research has been inconclusive as regards the effects on domestic investments. In this article, we show that this inconclusiveness can be explained at a disaggregated level as a function of the way industries are organized. We argue that a complementary relationship can be expected to prevail in vertically integrated industries, whereas a substitutionary relationship can be expected in horizontally organized production. The empirical analysis confirms a significant difference between the two categories of industry as regards the impact of outward FDI on domestic investment.

    The fourth, and final, essay of this thesis analyses how increased R&D expenditures and market size influence the distribution of comparative advantage. Previous studies report ambiguous results and also refer to periods when markets were much more segmented and production factors less mobile. The empirical analysis comprises 19 OECD-countries and spans the period 1981 to 1999. It is shown how an increase in R&D-expenditures by one percentage point implies a three-percentage point increase in high-technology exports, whereas market size fails to attain significance. In addition, institutional factors influence the dynamics of comparative advantage.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 32.
    Thulin, Per
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transporter och samhällsekonomi (stängd 20110301). KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för studier inom vetenskap och innovation, CESIS (stängd 20110701).
    Labor Mobility, Knowledge Diffusion and Regional Growth2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the relationship between inter-firm labor mobility and regional productivity growth. Previous studies have shown that density is positively correlated with growth. I claim that it is not density in itself, but rather the attributes associated with it that drives economic growth. One such attribute is the increased possibility for labor mobility and knowledge diffusion that follows when firms and individuals locate in close proximity to each other. This hypothesis is tested using a matched employer-employee dataset where regional labor mobility is instrumented with density. The result shows that labor mobility increases regional growth rates.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    CESISWP209
1 - 32 av 32
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