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  • 1.
    Wickberg, Adam
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Juryn är fortfarande ute i frågan om antropocen2024In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 2024-04-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Wickberg, Adam
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, Germany.
    Gärdebo, Johan
    Department of History of Science and Ideas, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of History and philosophy of science, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK.
    Computation, data and AI in Anthropocene history2024In: History & Technology, ISSN 0734-1512, E-ISSN 1477-2620, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay engages with recent scholarship on the epistemology of AI, data and automation, to assert how these practices are becoming increasingly central both to the projects of monitoring and of managing a global environment. We also review Jürgen Renn’s recent contribution The Evolution of Knowledge (2020) in relation to the history of environmental data. Using Renn as point of departure, we stake out a way for understanding the Anthropocene through the interaction between data and environment, taking into account the deeper political implications of datafication. We conclude with discussions about how historians of technology and environment could play an important role in assessing the opportunities and risks of AI for global environmental justice before their full-scale implementation is a fait accompli. In face of the Anthropocene, there is a general need today for integrative efforts of bridging knowledge from natural, technical, social and humanistic domains, and therefore a strong imperative for humanistic studies to transposetools, methodologies, and insights into the realms of policymaking, and legislation. Thus, assessments of AI and environment must account for these historical processes in the present as well as offer critical analysis of the full ontological spectrum from object to epistemology via data and mediation.

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  • 3.
    Evens, Siegfried
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Streams, Steams, and Steels: A Transnational History of Risk Regulation in Nuclear Power Plants (1850–1985)2024Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Water is essential to produce nuclear energy and prevent nuclear disasters. As light water reactors are increasingly seen as a solution to achieving a sustainable energy transition and battling the climate crisis, it is more important than ever to investigate the risks of using water for nuclear power production. However, the reactor technologies that manage all that water and steam – pressure vessels, steam generators, pipes, valves, and pumps – have not received much attention from historians, STS scholars, and risk sociologists. Therefore, this dissertation aims to study the risk regulation of these crucial reactor components and materials by national and international actors from a historical perspective.

    Relying on archival sources from the US, France, Sweden, and multiple international organisations, as well as on interviews, this dissertation aims to write a new, longue durée history of nuclear safety, going back to the origins of water and steam risk management in the nineteenth century. Such a historical perspective on nuclear risk regulation reveals two important insights. Firstly, in the 1950s and 1960s, the usage of water and steam technologies in nuclear reactors revealed new types of risks. These ‘ambi-nuclear risks’ are a hybrid of older steam risks, such as leaks, breaks, and explosions, and new risks of radiation and contamination. Secondly, between the 1950s and 1980s, new regimes were created in the US, France, and Sweden to regulate these risks. Initially, during the 1950s, non-nuclear steam regulations were applied directly to the first nuclear power plants. Yet, as power plants increased in size, accidents occurred, and nuclear technologies became increasingly controversial, ‘ambi-nuclear risk regimes’ were created to adapt or ‘nuclearise’ the older regulations. They included new safety measures and methodologies that were directed toward preventing radiation releases, but at the same time they mobilised older technologies, institutions, knowledges, and ideas related to thermal hydraulics and metallurgy. Ambi-nuclear risk regimes were shaped by a wide variety of historical actors through negotiating boundaries between ‘nuclear’ and ‘non-nuclear’ knowledges, components, risks, and regulations. Private or semi-private engineering associations played a particularly vital role in this.

    This thesis thus shows how nuclear safety as we know it today became nuclear as the result of a transnational long-term process that was greatly determined by much older non-nuclear water and steam risks. The results of this dissertation contribute to ongoing scholarly debates on risk, nuclear technologies, and water in fields like History of Technology, Environmental3History, STS, and Risk Sociology. Most importantly, the thesis expands the time frame in which nuclear risk has traditionally been studied. It challenges dominant conceptions of nuclear power as innovative or exceptional, instead connecting questions of nuclear risk to longer historical developments in water management and industrialisation. This demonstrates the importance of historical contingency for understanding risk and preventing (nuclear) disasters.

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    Evens Dissertation
  • 4.
    Carlsson Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    Ecoloop AB, Stockholm, 118 60, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Department of Computer Science and Media Technology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, 351 95, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Chatarina
    Ecoloop AB, Stockholm, 118 60, Sweden.
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, Philosophy.
    “The Greatest Benefit Is to Think Differently”: Experiences of Developing and Using a Web-Based Tool for Decision-Making under Deep Uncertainty for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise in Municipalities2024In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 16, no 5, article id 2044Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for handling the deep uncertainty surrounding the future climate has led to various novel and robust approaches for decision-making under deep uncertainty (DMDU) when adapting to climate change. Here, an online and self-explanatory web-based tool was developed and tested with civil servants from five municipalities in Sweden challenged by rising sea levels. The municipalities used the tool by themselves and were then interviewed about the usability of the tool, the perceived urgency of climate change adaptation, and the possibilities for municipalities for handling the flexible solutions that are at the core of DMDU. Results were that the civil servants reported that the urgency of climate change adaptation has increased, that the tool changed their perspectives compared to traditional planning methods, and that changes in laws and regulations to accommodate decisions about flexible solutions were recommended.

  • 5. Berggren, Henrik
    et al.
    Hagerman, Maja
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Låt filmaren Jan Lindqvist fullborda "Tiden är en dröm", skriver tre historiker2024In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 15 MarchArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Priebe, Janina
    et al.
    Umeå university, Umeå, Sweden.
    Wormbs, Nina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Arctic dreams: Histories uncovering the imagined, the forgotten and the hidden Arctic2023In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 47-56Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction to special issue

  • 7.
    Wormbs, Nina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Wolrath Söderberg, Maria
    Flygskam/Flightshame2023In: The New Nordic Lexicon, Aarhus: Nordics info , 2023Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Wormbs, Nina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    I still do a lot of good2023In: The Rachel Carson Center Review, ISSN 2751-9317, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9. Ekström, Anna
    et al.
    Westerberg, Bengt
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Pinsam politisk tävling i hårda tag mot flyktingar2024In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. March, no 10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Meyer, Tirza
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Ghosts of the Techno-Fix Ocean? A Short History of Periphylla periphylla in the Norwegian Fjords2024In: Humanities, E-ISSN 2076-0787, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 44-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1980, reports of deep-sea jellyfish blooms in Norwegian fjords led researchers to investigate the problem. The helmet jellyfish, Periphylla periphylla, has since migrated far north into Arctic waters. This paper examines what happened when the jellyfish blooms were noticed in 1980 from a historical and ethnographic perspective. It traces four research projects and business ideas that proposed solutions to the jellyfish problem and asks how they are representative of the ways in which humans meet the challenges of anthropogenic climate change. The paper concludes that the jellyfish problem was met with a “techno-fix” attitude that sought to “turn a problem into a resource”, which eventually leads to what Julia Livingston has termed “self-devouring growth”. In a final outlook, the article asks how we can engage with questions of conservation from a humanities perspective and concludes that the jellyfish story can help us to ask questions about “conservation for whom”.

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    fulltext
1234567 1 - 10 of 3306
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