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  • 101.
    Cano-Viktorsson, Carlos
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Traffic Radio as a Precursor to Smart Travel Planning Systems: The Challenge of Organizing “Collective Intelligence”2013In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 43-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper depicts how a Swedish radio station organized a means of real-time information management to report on local traffic conditions long before the common use of the Internet. Drawing on a history of the Stockholm traffic radio staff the study examines particular conditions for organizing a service that may inform next generations of smart travel planning systems. The author notes how a vision of involving the public together with the use of increasingly mobile and interconnected communication devices provided the service with an opportunity for harnessing collective intelligence. The study highlights critical success factors and barriers for organizing collective  intelligence and the importance they may have had for providing a real-time information service to the public.

  • 102.
    Carlson, Rolf
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Hirschberg, Julia
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT.
    Cross-Cultural Perception of Discourse Phenomena2009In: INTERSPEECH 2009: 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2009, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2009, p. 1723-1726Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss perception studies of two low level indicators of discourse phenomena by Swedish. Japanese, and Chinese native speakers. Subjects were asked to identify upcoming prosodic boundaries and disfluencies in Swedish spontaneous speech. We hypothesize that speakers of prosodically unrelated languages should be less able to predict upcoming phrase boundaries but potentially better able to identify disfluencies, since indicators of disfluency are more likely to depend upon lexical, as well as acoustic information. However, surprisingly, we found that both phenomena were fairly well recognized by native and non-native speakers, with, however, some possible interference from word tones for the Chinese subjects.

  • 103. Carpendale, S.
    et al.
    Bardzell, S.
    Burnett, M.
    Kumar, N.
    Balaam, Madeline
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Panel: Extending conversations about gender and HCI2018In: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, article id panel03Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This panel aims to create a space for participants at CHI 2018 to see how far we have come as a community in raising and addressing issues of gender, and how far we have yet to go. Our intent is for open discussion to support the community’s intentions to move towards greater equity, inclusivity, and diversity.

  • 104. Catarci, Tiziana
    et al.
    Ferro, Nicola
    Pamela, Forner
    Djoerd, Hiemstra
    Karlgren, Jussi
    Gavagai, Sweden.
    Anselmo, Peñas
    Giuseppe, Santucci
    Womser-Hacker, Christa
    CLEF 2012: Information Access meets Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Visual Analytics2012In: SIGIR Forum, ISSN 0163-5840, E-ISSN 1558-0229, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 29-33Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Eyes and Apps on the Streets: From Surveillance to Sousveillance Using Smartphones2019In: Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 0734-0168, E-ISSN 1556-3839, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 25-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the concept of surveillance by assessing the nature of data gathered by users of a smartphone-based tool (app) developed in Sweden to assist citizens in reporting incidents in public spaces. This article first illustrates spatial and temporal patterns of records gathered over 9 months in Stockholm County using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to exemplify the process of sousveillance via app. Then, the experiences of user group members, collected using an app-based survey, are analyzed. Findings show that the incident reporting app is more often used to report an incident and less often to prevent it. Preexistent social networks in neighborhoods are fundamental for widespread adoption of the app, often used as a tool in Neighborhood Watch schemes in high-crime areas. Although the potentialities of using app data are open, these results call for more in-depth evaluations of smartphone data for safety interventions.

  • 106.
    Ceccato, Vania
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.
    Special Issue: Crime and Control in the Digital Era2019In: Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 0734-0168, E-ISSN 1556-3839, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 5-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the digital age, “eyes” are complemented by technologies such as smartphones, “apps,” or body worn cameras, giving expression to new ways of depicting what happens in public space. This special issue (SI) brings together five articles that characterize the nature of control, surveillance, and guardianship in the context of today’s technological advancements. The articles help inform criminology by reporting on examples and impacts of technologies as well as by providing a better understanding of how the massive use of these technologies and new practices might be just redefining public space.

  • 107.
    Cepaité, Asta
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Numerical Analysis and Computer Science, NADA.
    Medieproducenter och mediekonsumenter i otakt?2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The main goals of this study are to identify and describe the psychological and sociological factors present in a media communication process, that influence the behaviour of consumers, advertisers and media organizations. The study focuses on the expectations and predictions of the future of media, in particular of printed local newspapers.

    The effects of attitudes of media organization members on organizational climate, on changes and innovations, and on the view on the future of media were investigatied. The study has also attempted to compare the innovativity of consumers, advertisers and media organizations as well as their appraisal of the media and their predictions on the future of the media.

    The study consists of three parts, each focusing on a specific aspect:

    media consumtion by the public

    investment decisions by advertisers

    decisions within media organisations concerning what media channel to be preferred.

    The results of the investigation of the media consumtion by the public show that different work arrangements appear to contribute to development of different patterns of media use. It has been possible to observe some differences in the ways media is consumed depending on work situation, i.e., flexible or stable patterns of work. However, the consumers were of the opinion that their own use of printed newspapers has been relatively stable during the past five years, and that it would not change noticeably in the near future.

    The results of the investigation of advertising companies show that the local newspapers are the most commonly used advertising media . However, newspapers are very sensitive to changes in the advertising market. Advertising in the daily press has been relatively unstable during the past years. Furthermore, it is still not clear in what direction newspaper advertising is developing. Some of the advertising companies stated that their advertising investments in the daily newspapers have not changed noticeably during past years, while other companies have decreased or increased their newspaper advertising. The advertisers consider the daily press to have a stable position among th public and they believe that the reading of newspapers will not change significantly in the near future.

    The representatives of the media organizations consider themselves to be more innovative than their public. Leaders of media organizations appear to be more innovative than other staff. It is noteworthy that the representatives of the media organizations had the most pessimistic view on the position of newspapers in the future media market of all three groups studied.

    This study was carried out at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden in cooperation with Mid Sweden University and has been part of the national print research program T2F. The material for the study was collected in cooperation with the research project « News 2020» (Nyheter 2020) within the multidisciplinary research network Media World 2020.

  • 108.
    Cerratto-Pargman, T.
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Pargman, Daniel
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Nardi, Bonnie
    University of California Irvine.
    The internet at the eco-village: Performing sustainbility in the twenty-first century2016In: First Monday, ISSN 1396-0466, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 21, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is the digital infrastructure and its footprint an ideological blind spot for recently emerging ecological communities, including eco-villages? This paper examines how a group of people who are concerned with environmental issues such as peak oil and climate change are orchestrating a transition toward a more sustainable and resilient way of living. We studied a Swedish eco-village, considering how computing in this community contributes to defining what alternative ways of living might look like in the twenty-first century. Drawing on a social-ecological perspective, the analysis illustrates, on the one hand, that the Internet, along with the digital devices we use to access it, capitalizes and mobilizes values, knowledge and social relationships that in turn enhance resilience in the eco-village. On the other hand, the analysis shows that an explicit focus on ecological values is not sufficient for a community of individuals to significantly transform Internet use to conform to ecological ideals. This work contributes to a deeper understanding of the imbrication of social technologies with practices that are oriented to perform sustainable and resilient ways of living.

  • 109.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Jansson, Andre
    Complicit surveillance, interveillance, and the question of cosmopolitanism: Toward a phenomenological understanding of mediatization2015In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 17, no 9, p. 1473-1491Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The institutional and meta-processual dimensions of surveillance have been scrutinized extensively in literature. In these accounts, the subjective, individual level has often been invoked in relation to subject-object, surveillor-surveilled dualities and in terms of the kinds of subjectivity modern and late-modern institutions engender. The experiential, ontological realm of the mediatized everyday vis-a-vis surveillance remains less explored, particularly from the phenomenological perspective of the lifeworld. Academic discourses of surveillance mostly address rhetorically oriented macro-perspectives. The same diagnosis largely applies to the debates on the cosmopolitanization process. The literature of cosmopolitanism revolves around broad cultural and ethical transformations in terms of the relationship between Self and Other, individual and humanity, and the local and the universal. Our aim in this article is to conceptualize the dynamics that yield a cosmopolitan Self and an encapsulated Self under conditions of increasingly interactive and ubiquitous forms of mediation and surveillance.

  • 110.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE). Stockholm Univ, S-11593 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Annika E.
    Stockholm Environm Inst, S-11523 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Media, Communication, and the Environment in Precarious Times2018In: Journal of Communication, ISSN 0021-9916, E-ISSN 1460-2466, Vol. 68, no 2, p. 267-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The seminal 1983 "Ferments in the Field" collection made limited reference to environmental issues and concerns. Considering communication media and technological artifacts as both nature and culture and, more specifically, through defining media as both infrastructural environments and content, we discuss how challenges brought about by environmental change can inform contemporary media and communication research and environmental communication. The materiality of e-waste, which has resonance for cultural, political, economic, and geographic analyses, is used as an illuminating case in point. We link the implications ensuing from the e-waste issue with the roles mediation and communication of environmental narratives play, and how they can be informed by such "medianatures," as well as geopolitical considerations.

  • 111.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Wormbs, Nina
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.
    Global Climate Talks from Failure to Cooperation and Hope: Swedish News Framings of COP15 and COP212017In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 682-699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to offer an analysis of how two UN Conferences of Parties, COP15 in Copenhagen 2009 and COP21 in Paris 2015, were covered and debated in Swedish newspapers. Two national and two regional newspapers were selected for the study, and a qualitative frame analysis was conducted on 309 articles. A typology of frames applicable to science-related policy and climate change debates was used and its relevance for global climate summit context was discussed. Having territory in the Arctic region, indigenous populations affected by climate change measures, and political and public sensitivity to environmental issues, the climate debate has particular significance in the Swedish case. Findings indicate a trust in the role of national and supra-national governance to address climate change problems, but also that newspapers in Sweden maintained a focus on the global aspects of the two meetings, rather than framing them as surrogate battlefields for domestic politics.

  • 112.
    Claesson, P. M.
    et al.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface Chemistry (closed 20081231).
    Dedinaite, A.
    KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface Chemistry (closed 20081231).
    Mészáros, R.
    Varga, I.
    Association between Polyelectrolytes and Oppositely Charged Surfactants in Bulk and at Solid/Liquid Interfaces2010In: Colloids and Interface Science Series, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, Vol. 3, p. 337-395Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mixtures of polyelectrolytes and oppositely charged surfactants find applications in many processes and products that are used in our daily life. Such systems also show many interesting features from a scientific point of view. Due to the combined technological relevance and scientific challenge, considerable research efforts have been made in this area in recent years. This has resulted in new theoretical approaches, the development of simulation methods and new experimental techniques and, of course, a large body of new findings. Together, these efforts have increased the understanding significantly, especially during the last 5 years. This chapter reviews some aspects of this topic, focusing on bulk association and association at solid/liquid interfaces. The review is focused on developments during the 21st century, even though in some cases a historical perspective is also offered.

  • 113. Colliander, Cristian
    et al.
    Ahlgren, Per
    Stockholm University.
    Experimental comparison of first and second-order similarities in a scientometric context2012In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 90, no 2, p. 675-685Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 114. Colliander, Cristian
    et al.
    Ahlgren, Per
    Stockholm University.
    The effects and their stability of field normalization baseline on relative performance with respect to citation impact: a case study of 20 natural science departments2011In: Journal of Informetrics, ISSN 1751-1577, E-ISSN 1875-5879, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 101-113Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Cupitt, Rebekah
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Phantasms collide: Navigating video-mediated communication in the Swedish workplace2013In: Global Media Journal : Australian Edition, ISSN 1835-2340, E-ISSN 1835-2340, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 247-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global telecommunications companies sell new technologies and services that aim to increase communication possibilities. This case study of one Swedish telecommunications company (‘the Company’), examines how employee notions of video-mediated communication are embedded social meanings. These social meanings are purposefully linked to notions of efficiency in the workplace, the environment, corporate social responsibility and economic gain. Through advertisements, slogans, in-house incentive programs and company policies, the Company has achieved what could be described as a shift in employee attitudes towards working using video-mediated communication (VMC) – so-called video meetings. The shift is however, far from comprehensive and this consciously constructed understanding of video-mediated communication co-exists and conflicts with multiple other meanings – explicit, implicit and purposefully ignored. Often moral dilemmas arise as personal wellbeing in the short-term conflicts with corporate sales targets, budget restrictions and environmental goals to ‘save the planet’. By detailing these different understandings and their inter-relations, the complex and purposed nature of video-mediated communication phantasms in a global telecommunications company emerges.

  • 116.
    Dahl, Justiina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History.
    Gritsenko, Daria
    If You Cannot Break Ice on an Icebreaker, What Are the Chances in a Policy Debate?2017Other (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On July 29th 2017, Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica made ‘history’ by completing the earliest seasonal transit through the Northwest Passage in only 24 days. Newspapers around the world reported on the event by publishing stories on the melting ice and curiosities of life onboard. What these articles did not convey is how this transit was also an attempt to provide a different platform to talk about the future of the “New Arctic”.

  • 117.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    A Modern Trial: A Study of the Use of Video-Recorded Testimonies in the Swedish Court of Appeal2013In: Studies in Law, Politics, and Society, ISSN 1059-4337, Vol. 61, p. 81-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The essay studies the introduction and use of audio-visual media in contemporary Swedish courtroom praxis and how this affects social interaction and the constitution of judicial space. The background to the study is the increasing use of video technology in law courts during the last decennium, and in particular the reformed trial code regulating court proceedings introduced in Sweden in 2008. The reform is called A Modern Trial (En modernare raättegång, Proposition 2004/05:131). An important innovation is that testimonies in lower level court proceedings now are video recorded and, in case of an appeal trial, then are screened in the appellate court. The study of social interaction and the constitution of judicial space in the essay is based in part on an ethnographic study of the Stockholm appellate court(Svea hovraätt) conducted in the fall 2010; in part on a study of the preparatory works to the legal reform; and in part on research on how media technology affects social interaction and the constitution of space and place.

  • 118.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    All Aboard the Louis Vuitton Train!2016In: Pólemos, ISSN 2036-4601, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 179-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses fashion advertising as a means to access and understand contemporary social imaginary significations of the body politic, focusing on an advertising for Louis Vuitton. The article suggest that one can read advertising as a form of continuous, running commentary that society makes of itself, and through which one can unearth the social imaginary. The article finds a plethora of meanings in the selected advertising for Louis Vuitton, but the central finding is that the fashion advertising represents community as an absence of community; in other words as a deficit that the brand somehow is able to rectify.

  • 119.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Det akademiska samtalet2015In: Universitetet som medium / [ed] Matts Lindström & Adam Wickberg Månsson, Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2015, p. 195-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Spacing Law and Politics: The Constitution and Representation of the Juridical2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Examining the inherent spatiality of law, both theoretically and as social practice, this book presents a genealogical account of the emergence and the development of the juridical. In an analysis that stretches from ancient Greece, through late antiquity and early modern and modern Europe, and on to the contemporary courtroom, it considers legal and philosophical texts, artistic and literary works, as well as judicial practices, in order to elicit and document a series of critical moments in the history of juridical space. Offering a more nuanced understanding of law than that found in traditional philosophical, political or social accounts of legal history, Dahlberg forges a critical account of the intimate relations between law and politics that shows how juridical space is determined and conditioned in ways that are integral to the very functioning – and malfunctioning – of law.

  • 121.
    Dahlberg, Leif
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Unwelcome Welcome: Being 'at Home' in an Age of Global Migration2013In: Law Text Culture, ISSN 1322-9060, Vol. 17, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 122. Dalianis, H.
    et al.
    Rosell, Magnus
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Theoretical Computer Science, TCS. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sneiders, E.
    Clustering e-mails for the Swedish social insurance agency - What part of the e-mail thread gives the best quality?2010In: Advances in Natural Language Processing: 7th International Conference on NLP, IceTAL 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 16-18, 2010, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2010, p. 115-120Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We need to analyse a large number of e-mails sent by the citizens to the customer services department of a governmental organisation based in Sweden. To carry out this analysis we clustered a large number of e-mails with the aim of automatic e-mail answering. One issue that came up was whether we should use the whole e-mail including the thread or just the original query for the clustering. In this paper we describe this investigation. Our results show that only the query and the answering part should be used, but not necessarily the whole e-mail thread. The results clearly show that the original question contains more useful information than only the answer, although a combination is even better. Using the full e-mail thread does not downgrade the result.

  • 123. Danielsson, O.
    et al.
    Syberfeldt, A.
    Holm, M.
    Wang, Lihui
    KTH.
    Operators perspective on augmented reality as a support tool in engine assembly2018In: 51st CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Elsevier, 2018, Vol. 72, p. 45-50Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Augmented Reality (AR) has shown its potential in supporting operators in manufacturing. AR-glasses as a platform both in industrial use are emerging markets, thereby making portable and hands-free AR more and more feasible. An important aspect of integrating AR as a support tool for operators is their acceptance of the technology. This paper presents the results of interviewing operators regarding their view on AR technology in their field and observing them working in automotive engine assembly and how they interact with current instructions. The observations and follow-up questions identified three main aspects of the information that the operators looked at: validating screw torque, their current assembly time, and if something went wrong. The interviews showed that a large amount of the operators were positive towards using AR in assembly. This has given an insight in both the current information interaction the operators do and their view on the potential in using AR. Based on these insights we suggest a mock-up design of an AR-interface for engine assembly to serve as a base for future prototype designs.

  • 124.
    Ding, Jielan
    et al.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Sci Lib, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, 19A Yuquan Rd, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Ahlgren, Per
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Library, Publication Infrastructure. National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China.
    Yang, Liying
    Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Sci Lib, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China..
    Yue, Ting
    Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Sci Lib, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, 19A Yuquan Rd, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China..
    Disciplinary structures in Nature, Science and PNAS: journal and country levels2018In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 116, no 3, p. 1817-1852Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes, using Web of Science publications and two time periods (2004-2006 and 2014-2016), the disciplinary structures in the three prestigious journals Nature, Science and PNAS, compared with two baselines: Non-NSP_Multi (multidisciplinary publications that have other source journals than Nature, Science and PNAS), and Non-Multi (publications assigned to other categories than Multidisciplinary). We analyze the profiles at two levels, journal and country. The results for the journal level show that for Nature and Science, the publications are considerably less concentrated to certain disciplines compared to PNAS. Biology is the dominant discipline for all the three journals. Nature and Science have similar publication shares in Medicine, Geosciences, Physics, Space science, and Chemistry. The publications of PNAS are highly concentrated to two disciplines: Biology and Medicine. Compared with Non-NSP_Multi and Non-Multi, the shares of Biology in NSP journals are higher, whereas the share of Medicine is lower. At the country level, 14 countries are included, among them the five BRICS countries. With respect to the NSP journals, the emphasis disciplines (in terms of world share of publications) of most countries other than USA are the disciplines in which USA has its weakest performance. The disciplinary structures of USA and of most of the other studied countries therefore tend to be different. Regarding Non-NSP_Multi and Non-Multi, the shapes of the disciplinary structures of the 14 countries can be roughly grouped into three groups, while there are more types of shapes for the countries in the NSP journals. For all five units of analysis, the discipline structures of most countries generally change only slightly between different time periods. The structures of some BRICS countries, however, change to a relatively large extent.

  • 125.
    Dion, G.
    et al.
    France.
    Dalle, J. -M
    France.
    Renouard, F.
    France.
    Guseva, Y.
    Finland.
    León, G.
    Spain.
    Marchese, M.
    Italy.
    Mutanen, O. -P
    Finland.
    Stranger, A. P.
    France.
    Pisoni, G.
    Italy.
    Stoycheva, M.
    Italy.
    Tejero, A.
    Spain.
    Vendel, Martin
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Marketing and Entrepreneurship.
    Change management: Blended learning adoption in a large network of European universities2018In: Proceedings of the International Conference on e-Learning, ICEL, Academic Conferences Limited, 2018, p. 77-83Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report in this paper on a multiyear endeavour within the EIT (European Institute of Innovation and Technology) Digital community, during which EIT Digital built an international community of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (“I&E”) teachers at Master level by implementing a blended learning strategy. We see this challenge as a case in change management, which could offer relevant insight to run similar initiatives of blending learning adoption as an enabler to developing pedagogical cooperation in networks of universities with real impact on practices. Through the lenses of change management theory, we describe and analyse the methods that allowed EIT Digital to create and enhance a community of “teacher-producers” in order to develop and deploy blended education from scratch. EIT Digital, a Knowledge and Innovation Community of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), provides IT education at Master’s level since 2013 and in association with its around 20 member universities, including a strong “Innovation & Entrepreneurship” (“I&E”) education component. EIT Digital developed a blended learning strategy whose originality came from the fact that some of the teachers are also producers on behalf of the entire community, receiving associated co-funding and technical support from EIT Digital. More specifically, teachers actively took part to the production agenda, according to which producers were chosen within the community to create and deliver the agreed online contents. EIT Digital library now encompasses more than 500 basic online contents (“nuggets”) covering most topics relevant for I&E education at the graduate level, from basic business model introductions to complex technology transfer strategies. This amounts to more than 45 hours’ worth of videos along with dozens of written cases, quizzes and other forms of online/offline assignments. Depending on the various universities’ contexts, different blending strategies were deployed, which had practical consequences on the global EIT Digital development. The heterogeneity of the universities’ profiles probably significantly increased the value of the EIT Digital network which proved relevant with regards to blended learning adoption, while EIT Digital’s change management strategy contributed significantly to uplifting the I&E education offered at the member universities, notably giving momentum to its I&E teacher community.

  • 126. Doorn, N.
    et al.
    Hansson, Sven Ove
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Design for the value of safety2015In: Handbook of Ethics, Values, and Technological Design: Sources, Theory, Values and Application Domains, Springer Netherlands, 2015, p. 491-511Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Two major methods for achieving safety in engineering design are compared: safety engineering and probabilistic risk analysis. Safety engineering employs simple design principles or rules of thumb such as inherent safety, multiple barriers, and numerical safety margins to reduce the risk of accidents. Probabilistic risk analysis combines the probabilities of individual events in event chains leading to accidents in order to identify design elements in need of improvement and often also to optimize the use of resources. It is proposed that the two methodologies should be seen as complementary rather than as competitors. Probabilistic risk analysis is at its advantage when meaningful probability estimates are available for most of the major events that may contribute to an accident. Safety engineering principles are more suitable to deal with uncertainties that defy quantification. In many design tasks, the combined use of both methodologies is preferable.

  • 127.
    Du, Jinfeng
    et al.
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. MIT, Cambridge, USA.
    Medard, Muriel
    Xiao, Ming
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.
    Skoglund, Mikael
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Communication Theory.
    Scalable Capacity Bounding Models for Wireless Networks2016In: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, ISSN 0018-9448, E-ISSN 1557-9654, Vol. 62, no 1, p. 208-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The framework of network equivalence theory developed by Koetter et al. introduces a notion of channel emulation to construct noiseless networks as upper (respectively, lower) bounding models, which can be used to calculate the outer (respectively, inner) bounds for the capacity region of the original noisy network. Based on the network equivalence framework, this paper presents scalable upper and lower bounding models for wireless networks with potentially many nodes. A channel decoupling method is proposed to decompose wireless networks into decoupled multiple-access channels and broadcast channels. The upper bounding model, consisting of only point-to-point bit pipes, is constructed by first extending the one-shot upper bounding models developed by Calmon et al. and then integrating them with network equivalence tools. The lower bounding model, consisting of both point-to-point and point-to-points bit pipes, is constructed based on a two-step update of the lower bounding models to incorporate the broadcast nature of wireless transmission. The main advantages of the proposed methods are their simplicity and the fact that they can be extended easily to large networks with a complexity that grows linearly with the number of nodes. It is demonstrated that the resulting upper and lower bounds can approach the capacity in some setups.

  • 128.
    Ebner, Hannes
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Palmér, Matthias
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    LDCache - A cache for linked data-driven web applications2014In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2014, p. 67-73Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern Web applications that make use of external data sources, be it Linked Data (LD) or not, usually run into the same problems; if a data source performs badly or is offline, the user experience is affected negatively. In some cases this may result in long response times, whereas in more extreme cases the application becomes unusable. This paper presents LDCache [4], a caching service that ensures that Linked Data-driven Web applications remain functional with good user experience regardless of the status of the external data sources they eventually integrate. First, some requirements are defined that typically occur when data from disparate sources are integrated. Then the features of the implemented solution are summarized together with documentation on how the service can be taken advantage of. This is followed by a description of the architecture. The authors conclude with a road map for future development and a short summary of the work carried out.

  • 129.
    Edlund, Jens
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    Heldner, Manias
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    Hirschberg, Julia
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    Pause and gap length in face-to-face interaction2009In: INTERSPEECH 2009: 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2009, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2009, p. 2779-2782Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been noted that conversational partners tend to exhibit increasingly similar pitch, intensity, and timing behavior over the course of a conversation. However, the metrics developed to measure this similarity to date have generally failed to capture the dynamic temporal aspects of this process. In this paper, we propose new approaches to measuring interlocutor similarity in spoken dialogue. We define similarity in terms of convergence and synchrony and propose approaches to capture these, illustrating our techniques on gap and pause production in Swedish spontaneous dialogues.

  • 130.
    Edström, Kristina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Learning, Learning in Engineering Sciences.
    Kolmos, Anette
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Malmi, L.
    Bernhard, J.
    Andersson, P.
    A bottom-up strategy for establishment of EER in three Nordic countries – the role of networks2018In: European Journal of Engineering Education, ISSN 0304-3797, E-ISSN 1469-5898, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 219-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the emergence of an engineering education research (EER) community in three Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland and Sweden. First, an overview of the current state of Nordic EER authorship is produced through statistics on international publication. Then, the history of EER and its precursor activities is described in three national narratives. These national storylines are tied together in a description of recent networking activities, aiming to strengthen the EER communities on the Nordic level. Taking these three perspectives together, and drawing on concepts from community of practice theory, network theory and learning network theory, we discuss factors behind the differences in the countries, and draw some conclusions about implications for networking activities in a heterogeneous community. Further, we discuss the role of networks for affording a joint identity.

  • 131.
    Ekström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Alla medier är sociala medier2010In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 3, p. 28-31Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 132.
    Ekström, Anders
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Exhibiting Disasters: Mediation, historicity and spectatorship2012In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 472-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this article is to draw attention to a long-standing history of exhibiting disasters to distant audiences. In particular, the article explores the transregional imaginaries and cross-temporal connections that emerge from the history of what may be labelled the disaster display or disaster show. This refers to a particular genre of multimedia re-enactments of extreme events that developed in the context of temporary exhibitions and popular amusements in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Disaster displays typically involved visual representations, sound effects, fireworks, lectures and theatrical performances, and invited their audiences to experience a diversity of extreme events, for example distant wars, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, fire fighting and floods. In offering a blend of special effects and the thrills of authenticity, disaster shows copied and competed with, and sometimes incorporated, some of the traits of a variety of attractions in turn-of-the-century popular visual culture, such as serialized wax displays, moving panoramas and early film. The article especially investigates some of these intermedialities but it also discusses how the displays engaged and positioned the audience.

  • 133.
    Elevant, Katarina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Why share weather?: Motivational model for “share weather” online communities and three empirical studies2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of “weatherwikis”- web 2.0 platforms for sharing weather information between individuals – is faced with several challenges. While some studies confirm satisfactory reliability of user-generated weather information, sources of motivations to contribute are yet unexplored. This paper provides a theoretical framework for weatherwikis, based on social capital theory, and three empirical studies that explore different contextual sources of motivation, of which compensation and ideology may be considered most interesting with the background of current motivational theories on networks of practice. The paper provides some results that, in contrast to established theories and findings on motivations driving networks of practice, suggest that extrinsic motivations may be essential, beside the recognized importance of social acceptance (e.g. enjoyment).

  • 134.
    Elevant, Katarina
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Web Weather 2.0: Improving Weather Information with User-generated Observations2013In: AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction, ISSN 1944-3900, E-ISSN 1944-3900, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 28-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introducing web weather 2.0, this paper suggests that active participation by civil society may arise through sharing of environmental data through observations of weather and other measurable variables in the environment performed by individuals. Collecting data from individuals is here suggested for improving weather data currently used by weather research centers and practitioners. Extending these current sets of weather data by using web 2.0 may address some issues stated by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) regarding spatial and temporal resolutions of meteorological data including knowledge on different processes between the air and other environmental systems. To test the concept of web weather 2.0, the usability of weather data collected from individuals and the expected quantities of such data need to be determined. In addition, collection methods should be developed. Aiming at the design of an artifact that can meet these needs, this paper presents some important steps of the design process of a “share weather” system, including several demonstrations and experiments performed on different user groups, i.e. school children performing weather observations as a part of their daily tasks and education, and adults interested in weather due to their daily dependence on traffic conditions. This paper provides new knowledge about user-generated observations of weather, including quality and motivation to contribute, and guidance on how future systems for collection of environmental data from individuals may be created. After testing the feasibility of the designed “share weather” artifact, we conclude that the potential role of individuals in producing valuable information beneficial to society should be considered within several branches of environmental sciences as well as policy-making.

  • 135.
    Elisejev, Svjatoslav
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media.
    Stegman, Mikael
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media.
    Införandet av Multiplex Power-metodenför att kontrollera FM-deviationenvid radiosändningar inom Sverige2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete presenterar en utvärdering av konsekvenser som kan uppstå vid Införandet av Multiplex Power-mättmetoden för att kontrollera FM-deviation vid radiosändningar i Sverige.

    Metoden är beskriven i en publicerad standard från ITU: ITU-R BS.412-9. Metoden, även kallad Multiplex Power, är en begränsningsstandard för analog (terrestrial) FM sändning på VHF band. Skälet att införa Multiplex Power mätning är att man genom metoden både kan minska grannkanalinterferenserna och samtidigt jämna ut de stora variationerna i de upplevda ljudnivåerna som finns mellan de olika FM-stationerna. Denna mätmetod går ut på att man samplar värden på deviation, lagrar samplen och räknar ut ett medelvärde av energin under ett intervall av 60 sekunder. Detta energivärde jämförs med en referensnivå, som i ITU-normen definieras som +/-19kHz toppdeviation vid 400 Hz modulationssignal. Skillnaden detta referensvärde kan anges i dB av instrumentet, som en enskild siffra vilkets värde skrivs dynamiskt över tid.

    För att kunna utvärdera metoden genomfördes ett lyssningsexperiment. I experimentet användes ljudfiler som är processade enligt hur dagens normer tillämpas i Sverige och ljudfiler som är processade för att följa BS.412-9-normen. Som tillvägagångssätt användes ett webbformulär och en databas. Testpersoner kunde utföra lyssningen och notera resultatet som sedan lagrades för vidare beräkningar. Ljudfilerna och tillhörande mätningsvärden från lyssningsexperimentet användes sedan för att utvärdera resultatet.

  • 136.
    Engwall, Olov
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    Wik, Preben
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Speech Technology, CTT. KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH, Speech Communication and Technology.
    Are real tongue movements easier to speech read than synthesized?2009In: INTERSPEECH 2009: 10TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOCIATION 2009, BAIXAS: ISCA-INST SPEECH COMMUNICATION ASSOC , 2009, p. 824-827Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech perception studies with augmented reality displays in talking heads have shown that tongue reading abilities are weak initially, but that subjects become able to extract some information from intra-oral visualizations after a short training session. In this study, we investigate how the nature of the tongue movements influences the results, by comparing synthetic rule-based and actual, measured movements. The subjects were significantly better at perceiving sentences accompanied by real movements, indicating that the current coarticulation model developed for facial movements is not optimal for the tongue.

  • 137.
    Enlund, Nils
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media.
    Printing and media technology research in 2006 Preface2007In: ADVANCES IN PRINTING AND MEDIA TECHNOLOGY, VOL XXXIII / [ed] Enlund N, Lovrecek M, Zagreb: ACTA GRAPHICA PUBL, , 2007, Vol. 33, p. 3-3Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Enoksson, Emmi
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media.
    Toward better image reproduction in offset2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has focused on color reproduction processes in the graphics field and is based on theoretical research and practical studies. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how new tools and tools adapted to a specific production set-up can be used to raise awareness regarding the quality and workflow of images and image processing for sheet-fed offset within the graphic industry.

    The work is divided in to the following three study areas with several sub-studies:

    1) The first research goal of the thesis is to identify knowledge levels regarding color separation of images and demand specifications within printing houses.

    2) The second research goal is to investigate whether novel tools and new terminology can help to increase the knowledge level regarding color management

    3) The third goal is to investigate whether process specific adaptation of key color control tools can improve quality levels

    Three surveys about color reproduction (focusing on level of knowledge concerning color separation, the use of ICC-profiles and demand specifications for controlled color reproduction) at printing companies in Sweden were made between 2000 and 2004. The surveys indicated a serious problem in the graphic arts industry, involving both an insufficient understanding of color management and a lack of communication.

    An important part of the work was to assist in make color management understandable for users and thereby optimize printing. For this purpose, digital test forms have been developed. The developed tools, together with descriptive material, will facilitate the understanding of color management issues. Definitions within the field of color separations have been examined, and changes have been suggested. A new term for separation “Compensation by Black”, CB, has been suggested, instead of e.g. GCR and UCR.

    Is it possible to adapt the different parts of the process chain in order to achieve an improved production? Yes! This work has developed the method for adaptation of the scanne rtest chart, the printing test chart for image categorization and the control strip forsheet-fed offset using gray balance. This thesis suggests that it is possible to produce a custom-made IT8 target test chart for scanners and achieve a result at least similar to or even better than the standard test charts on the market. This work has also shown that itis possible to adapt the test chart for printing to image category. The result showed that low-key image separated by the image-adapted test chart showed more detail in the dark areas than a low-key image separated by the standard test chart, in the prints on a coated paper. The result from the adaptation of a control strip for sheet-fed offset showed that gray balance can be used as a control parameter for quality control in sheet-fed offset.

  • 139.
    Enoksson, Emmi
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media.
    Bjurstedt, Anders
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media.
    Compensation by black: a new separation?2006In: TAGA 2006, 2006, p. 193-217Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine the differences between UCR (Under Color Removal) and GCR (Gray Component Replacement) by testing these separation functions in three applications: Adobe Photoshop CS (an image editing application), Gretag Macbeth's Profile Maker 5.0 (profile maker), and Heidelberg's Print Open 4.0.5 (profile maker). A review of the literature pertaining to the different types of separation was made and compiled. An Internet search was also made to check what a prepress employee would find out if he or she was to search for a definition of one of these types of separation. The conclusions of the tests made suggest two alternative proposals and indicate a need to either: 1) Discard the term UCR and use only GCR, as it really only concerns gray component replacement. This would make it easier for people in the business to focus on the process itself instead of trying to understand the difference between the two types of separations, a difference which actually cannot be seen visualy in reality. 2) Discard both terms and introduce a new term CB (Compensation by Black). The software should give the user the possibility of choosing how much black will be used and where it will replace the use of a combination of the CMY process colors. In addition, a single term would make the user more aware of the problems of separation and of how separation will affect the print result. The suggestions imply an extensive review of accepted terms and abbreviations within the graphic arts industry with the aim of giving them a uniform scientific meaning and definition. Thus, it is strongly recommended that the term, CB (Compensation by Black) should be implemented.

  • 140.
    Enoksson, Fredrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Publication Infrastructure.
    Bälter, Olle
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    The activity of human metadata creation and the Semantic Web2015In: International Journal of Metadata, Semantics and Ontologies, ISSN 1744-263X, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 64-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an explorative study of the human activity of creating metadata, done with the purpose of exploring the practices of this activity and how those can potentially impact the utility of the metadata as it is exposed on a level that enables semantic collaboration, like the Semantic Web. Previous research around human metadata creation seems to indicate that how the activity is carried out has a common core, but is unique in each situation on how it can be improved. The data for this study was gathered through interviews and analyzed using activity theory. The analysis of the data gathered through the interviews indicate that the main objective of the activity is to enable discovery within a collection. Metadata is however created with a community of users in mind, which is sometimes reflected in metadata creation guidelines. These guidelines can in turn impact the discoverability across these communities as metadata is exposed on the Semantic Web.

  • 141.
    Eriksson, A.
    et al.
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Grill, Kalle
    Philosophy and History, KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
    Who owns my avatar?: Rights in virtual property2005In: Proceedings of DiGRA 2005 Conference: Changing Views - Worlds in Play, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a framework for discussing issues of ownership in connection to virtual worlds. We explore how divergent interests in virtual property can be mediated by applying a constructivist perspective to the concept ownership. The simple solutions offered today entail that a contract between the game producer and the gamer gives the game developer exclusive rights to all virtual property. This appears to be unsatisfactory. A number of legitimate interests on part of both producers and gamers may be readily distinguished. More complex distributions of rights would allow many of these interests to be consistently respected.

  • 142.
    Fathli, Margareta
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Publication Infrastructure.
    Lundén, Tomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Publication Infrastructure.
    Open Access-publicering vid svenska lärosäten : en kartläggning av året 20112014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet har varit att undersöka hur stor del av den svenska forskningen som har publicerats open access under publiceringsåret 2011. Vi har studerat den totala andelen open access-publikationer, både så kallad guld och grön open access, dels nationellt och dels per lärosäte. Vi har också velat undersöka hur stor andel av artiklarna i vårt underlag som skulle kunna parallellpubliceras enligt SHERPA/RoMEO, men där så inte skett. Ett vidare syfte har även varit att ta fram metodik för att skapa förutsättningar för framtida mätningar av svensk OA-publicering.

  • 143.
    Fathli, Margareta
    et al.
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Publication Infrastructure.
    Lundén, Tomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Sjögårde, Peter
    KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE), Department for Library services, Language and ARC, Publication Infrastructure.
    The Share of Open Access in Sweden 2011: Analyzing the OA outcome from Swedish universities2014In: ScieCom Info, E-ISSN 1652-3202, Vol. 10, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Under 2013 genomfördes en studie över andelen open access (OA) i Sverige. Projektet finansierades av Kungliga bibliotekets program Openaccess.se. I undersökningen, som använde SwePub som index, studerades hur stor del av svenska forskningsartiklar med publiceringsår 2011 som är OA. Analysen gäller dels andelen guld och grön OA, men också hur stor del av de publicerade artiklarna som skulle kunna parallellpubliceras enligt förlagens villkor. Analysen visar att andelen OA-artiklar som publicerades under år 2011 uppgick till cirka 17 procent, varav guld OA 10 procent och grön OA 10 procent. Detta indikerar ett överlapp av artiklar som är både guld och grön OA på cirka 3 procent. Räknar man även in så kallat fördröjd OA så uppgår den totala mängden OA-artiklar år 2011 till uppemot 25 procent. Resultatet visar vidare att ytterligare en stor mängd artiklar skulle kunna parallellpubliceras enligt informationen i Sherpa/RoMEO.

  • 144.
    Fernaeus, Ylva
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Lundström, Anders
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Practicing Design Judgement through Intention-Focused Course Curricula2015In: Design and Technology Education: An International Journal, ISSN 1360-1431, E-ISSN 2040-8633, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 47-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper elaborates on how design judgement can be practiced in design education, as explored in several iterations of an advanced course in interaction design. The students were probed to address four separate design tasks based on distinct high-level intentions, i.e. to 1) take societal responsibility, 2) to generate profit, 3) to explore a new concept, and 4) to trigger reflection and debate. This structure, we found, served as a valuable tool in our context for bringing important topics to discussion in class and for actively practicing design judgement. We discuss what we see as the main qualities of this approach in relation to more conventional course structures in this area, with a focus directed more towards aspects of methodology, specific interaction techniques, and design principles more generally.

  • 145. Ferreira, Pedro
    et al.
    Höök, Kristina
    KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    The Case for Play in the Developing World: Lessons from Rah Island, Vanuatu2015In: Indigenous People and Mobile Technologies / [ed] Laurel Evelyn Dyson, Stephen Grant, Max Hendriks, Routledge, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Flening, Elias
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
    Jerbrant, Anna
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Industrial Management.
    Worlds Apart and Close Together: Relating mechatronics and project management research2018In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN, 2018, p. 2867-2878Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While they originate from different contexts and values, the Mechatronic and Project Management research communities are both committed to the study of the process of complex engineering systems design. These two fields have generally been engaged in their research separated from each other. Recently, calls have been heard from both to end such disciplinary separation. This paper seeks to conceptually relate the two research communities, seeking to understand how they can be seen as different, related and inclusive of each other through offering three conceptual models of their relationships. 

  • 147.
    Flores, Johnny
    et al.
    KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.
    Rusu, L.
    Johanneson, P.
    Evaluating IT Service Delivery amongst ISPs from Nicaragua2010In: 16th Americas Conference on Information Systems 2010, AMCIS 2010: Volume 2, 2010, p. 1464-1472Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an evaluation of IT service delivery by Internet Service Providers (ISPs) from Nicaragua at the end of 2009. The evaluation is supported by a methodological approach based on IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) v.2 concepts and case study techniques. The evaluation involved three ISPs that are nation-wide Internet Service Providers with more than ten years running. We describe the current practices and limitations of IT service delivery in ISPs from Nicaragua. Finally, we argue that existing IT service delivery practices amongst ISPs have matches to ITIL processes, although the ITIL processes are not known amongst them.

  • 148.
    Frennert, Susanne
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Technology in Health Care.
    The CPS triangle: A suggested framework for evaluating robots in everyday life2018In: 10th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2018, Springer Verlag , 2018, p. 369-379Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a conceptual framework: the CPS triangle, which has evolved over four years of research on ‘older people meet robots’. It is a synthesis of domestication theory, modern social practice theory and empirical data. Case studies on the domestication of one current technology, the robotic vacuum cleaner, and two emergent technologies, the eHealth system and the service robot, provide empirical evidence. Considering ‘older people meet robots’ within the framework of the proposed CPS triangle can help us to understand older people’s domestication or rejection of robots. In the CPS triangle, C represents the cognitive dimension; P, the practical dimension; and S, the symbolic dimension. The CPS triangle is meant to serve as a tool rather than a rule. It is recommended that the CPS triangle be tested more widely in a range of contexts. It will require adaptation and customisation for the context of use.

  • 149.
    Frykholm, Oscar
    et al.
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Nilsson, Marcus
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Groth, Kristina
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Yngling, Alexander
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID.
    Interaction design in a complex context: medical multi-disciplinary team meetings2012In: The 7th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Making Sense Through Design, New York, NY, USA, 2012, p. 341-350Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to improve collaboration on, and visualisation of, patient information in medical multi-disciplinary team meetings, we have developed a system that presents information from different medical systems to be used as a support for the decision process. Based on field studies, we have implemented a high-fidelity prototype on tablet-sized displays, and tested it in a realistic setting. Our evaluation proved that more patient information can efficiently be displayed to all meeting participants, compared to the current situation. Interaction with the information, on the other hand, proved to be a complicated activity that needs careful design considerations; it should ultimately be based on what roles the meeting participants have, and what tasks they should complete. Medical decision-making is a complex area, and conducting interaction design in this area proved complex too. We foresee a great opportunity to improve medical work, by introducing collaborative tools and visualisation of medical data, but it requires that interaction design becomes a natural part of medical work.

  • 150.
    Geratz, Elke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Virtual Activity Becomes Visible - ICT Users in Public Places2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Whether utilizing our smartphones for navigation or skyping our friend on our way, the use of ICTs affects the way that we walk through and stay in public places. "Dancing" mobile phone users are only one example of this. Their virtual activity becomes visible in public places. This master thesis is about contemporary demands on public space imposed by the new ICT generation, and aims to explore ethe behaviour of ICT users in public places. Therefore, it investigates the question of how the use of ICTs affects the way that people use public places and whar that means for urban planning. To this end, the thesis combines a literature review with an empirical study on the Münsterplatz in Bonn, Germany. The interviews and observations from this case study identified examples of characteristics of ICT users that are described in the literature; however, they also revealed new insights. Therefore, the thesis contributes to a greater understanding of the behaviour and demands of ICT users in public places and identifies ICT users as one user group, out-of-many, with specific demands on public space.

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