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  • 101. Banica, A
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places.
    Nijkamp, P
    Natural disasters as a development opportunity: a spatial economic resilience interpretation2020In: Jahrbuch für Regional Wissenschaft, ISSN 0173-7600, E-ISSN 1613-9836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters are usually regarded as damage factors causing high private and social costs. Notwithstanding the incontestable validity of this premise, natural disasters do not necessarily lead to a structural deprivation of the area affected. Recent studies have clearly shown that in the long run one may even observe positive socio-economic effects (‘blessings in disguise’). This paper investigates this challenging proposition by developing a risk-disaster-opportunity framework for a territorial system, and by analysing the socio-economic impacts of natural shocks from a resilience perspective. This is inter alia done by designing a typology of natural disasters, and by presenting a systematic classification of long-range impacts. An empirical test of the above proposition of positive recovery effects of natural disasters is carried out by using, in particular, long-term data from the worldwide EM-DAT database. The attention is then focussed on positive feedback loops in spatial systems that are affected by a natural perturbation. Various case studies (USA, China, Haiti, Chile, Japan) are undertaken in order to test the existence of long-term ‘blessings in disguise’ effects, using in particular the HDI-index. In various cases, such positive effects appear to exist, depending on the effectiveness of public management of natural disaster phenomena.

  • 102. Barbanente, A.
    et al.
    Khakee, Abdul
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Scenarios as an Exploratory Evaluation Approach - Some Experiences from Southern Mediterranean2017In: Beyond Benefit Cost Analysis: Accounting for Non-Market Values in Planning Evaluation, Taylor and Francis , 2017, p. 225-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 103. Barbanente, Angela
    et al.
    Camarda, Domenico
    Grassini, Laura
    Khakee, Abdul
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Visioning the regional future: Globalization and regional transformation of Rabat/Casablanca2007In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 74, no 6, p. 763-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mainstream literature on globalization and regional transformation emphasizes two major perspectives. The first perspective combines global city theory with macro theories of transformations with a normative bias often leading to deterministic conceptualisations of globalization links to regional transformation. The other perspective emphasizes economy as the most important if not the only pushing factor for regional transformations with little attention to all transformations involving soft and informal structures The latter may be vital for such transformation. This paper takes a completely new approach namely to analyse local stakeholders' visions of regional transformation of the Rabat/Casablanca region in face the challenges that globalization poses.

  • 104.
    Barbosa, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Den urbana integrationen av industriområden i Morges, Schweiz.: Utveckling och tillämpning av "best practices" i ett planeringssammanhang.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The region of Morges (Switzerland) grows in a context of land shortage. Industrial zones become strategic areas for denser settlements, threatening the local economic development in the long term. This master thesis investigates the conditions in which industrial zones in the region of Morges can be integrated in a function mixed urban area without jeopardising local activities. Case studies from Bern, The Hague, Geneva and Brussels are used as “best practices” in order to perform the analysis. Results show that the monitoring of disturbances and of logistics as well as a strong public commitment are key factors to a successful reconversion of industrial zones towards functional mix. “Best practices” are efficient if used as a support to decision making and as a source of inspiration.

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    Urbana_Integrationen_Industriomraden_Morges
  • 105.
    Barchin, Elias
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Lidström, Ludvig
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Hållbara torg: En studie av Stora Torget i Södertälje ur ett socialt hållbarhetsperspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this report is to explore what kind of architectural design qualities are included in socially sustainable squares and how these qualities can be applied to Stora Torget in the municipality of Södertälje. Furthermore, the work also seeks to produce a detailed development proposal for the square through anchoring the work in the literature, the will of the people and the prior municipal work. In doing so the following questions have been answered:

    - How can the environment for those strolling through and staying at Stora Torget be developed in a socially sustainable way?

    In-depth questions:

    - What does city life and the outdoor environment look like on Stora Torget today?

    - How could Stora Torget be further developed to promote a socially sustainable city life?

    To answer these questions, a triangulation method has been applied which includes a literature study, a survey with the people on the square and an interview with a representative from the municipality.

    The literature study provided great insight into the qualities of a good civic environment and how these qualities ought to be applied to the development proposal. The survey brought forth the opinions and wishes of the people who in the end would be the ones that indulge in the square. By interviewing a representative from the municipality, the report manages to ground itself and build on the previous work of the municipality.

    The study has resulted in a detailed development proposal that includes seven sections of improvements that seek to further develop the square in a socially sustainable fashion. The sections of improvements include places for play, sports and resting, vegetation and greenery, lighting, dedicated walking and cycling paths to name a few. The study does not conclude that the development proposal is the one and only way of improving the square's social sustainability. The study is however confident that the implementation of at least some of these qualities would garner a net positive in the work of a more socially sustainable city life.

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  • 106.
    Bari, Tanmoy
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Planning for establishment of fish factory processing plants in Kisumu, Kenya2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 107.
    Baron Zenari, Leonardo
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The relation between buildings and public spaces in the context of sustainable compact cities: Understanding the impacts on human behavior- cases of Ørestad and Hammarby Sjöstad2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis discusses the relation between the buildings and public space in the context of the compact cities, and how it interferes on human behavior related to walking experience and pleasurability. In order to illustrate how the human scale is portrayed in different scenarios, two case studies - Ørestad District, Copenhagen and Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm - have been selected to be studied in different scales, shifting from the block structure to the use of the building groundfloor. This enables me to identify the similarities in the process of composition of each compact city and, in case of contrasting comparisons, have a more critical discussion and understand the negative impacts on the user experience.

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  • 108. Barufi, A. M. B.
    et al.
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Agglomeration economies and smart cities2015In: The Rise of the City: Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 33-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 109.
    Baró Planella, Ariadna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Barcelona gives way to green infrastructure: Les Glòries urban transformation as a case study of citizen participation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, there are more population concentrated in urban areas rather than in rural areas. This process of urbanization has altered natural processes in addition to landscape modification. The green in cities has become more and more fragmented, leading to the degradation and loss of many ecosystem services. The big expansion of Barcelona happened during the Cerdàs Plan in the middle of the 19th century. Cerdà designed Barcelona as a grid of blocks where people could walk through its streets and rest in big green areas, but, left some parts of the city like Les Glòries without any planning due to its complexity. In the years thereafter, the city of Barcelona has become a compact city, densely populated, with scare and isolated green spaces while the public space becomes mainly dominated by the car. In order to face the current issues of Barcelona, its City Council has implemented several measures like the green infrastructure strategic policy and planning. Although they have not been done with citizen participation, this supposed a paradigm shift on the municipal city planning, as well as, a paradigm shift on Barcelona’s city model where green infrastructure is being used as an adaptation measure to mitigate the effects of climate change and as a strategic planning tool for reducing car traffic. The project of Les Glòries is a landmark of how a place planned as car-based could become pedestrian-based, in addition to the second biggest green space of the city of Barcelona. Becoming a reference for the new city council policies and measures for a more sustainable and participative Barcelona. Les Glòries project is also a referent of citizen participation due to the citizens and neighbourhood associations were from the very beginning in the planning and design of this space together with the city council technicians.

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  • 110.
    Bast, Sigvard
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
    Mörtberg, Ulla
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management.
    Högström, Johan
    Balfors, Berit
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management.
    Suleiman, Lina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Cortinovis, Chiara
    Adem Esmail, Blal
    Kato Huerta, Jarumi
    Pang, Xi-Lillian
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management.
    Geneletti, Davide
    Albert, Christian
    (Re)Planning of green infrastructure and nature-based solutions for sustainable urban transition2022In: Book of abstracts / [ed] Wolski, Jacek Regulska, Edyta Affek, Andrzej, 2022, p. 338-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Landscape approaches are important for planning of urban sprawl in peri-urban landscapes, continuously emerging in many metropolitan regions. In the case of Stockholm Region, land-take and incremental urbanisation is a continouous process, while the regional development plan has ambitions to steer the overall development in a sustainable direction. This plan contains a green infrastructure effort building on a set of green wedges, mainly serving as support to the needs of the city and suburbs and their citizens. This initiative differ from the later green infrastructure action plan provided by the county administrative board, related to the EU biodiversity strategy and guidelines. The latter has a different approach, mainly targeting biodiversity goals as well as ecosystem services. These approaches differ from each other in several ways while both have unclear roles when it comes to municipal planning on different levels. Furthermore, the municipalities have their own initiatives when it comes to green infrastructure and nature-based solutions and it is not clear how the different planning tiers are linked to each other, to planning and management, and to multifunctional landscapes. The aim of the REPLAN project is to investigate how the different green infrastructure initiatives are linked to planning, to each other on different scales, and whether they can serve multi-functional landscapes when it comes to biodiversity and different ecosystem services. The REPLAN project involves stakeholders and practitioners on different planning levels for co-producing knowledge, methods and strategies for green infrastructure and nature-based solutions to serve as tools for sustainable transition of metropolitan areas and their peri-urban landscapes.

  • 111.
    Batabyal, Amitrajeet A.
    et al.
    Rochester Inst Technol, Dept Econ, 92 Lomb Mem Dr, Rochester, NY 14623 USA..
    Kourtit, Karima
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Center for the Future of Places. Alexandru Ioan Cuza Univ, Iasi, Romania.;Polytecn Univ, Ben Guerir, Morocco.;Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden.;Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Poznan, Poland.;JADS, Sint Janssingel 92, NL-5211 DA Shertogenbosch, Netherlands..
    Nijkamp, Peter
    Alexandru Ioan Cuza Univ, Iasi, Romania.;Polytecn Univ, Ben Guerir, Morocco.;JADS, Sint Janssingel 92, NL-5211 DA Shertogenbosch, Netherlands.;Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Poznan, Poland..
    A political-economy analysis of the provision of urban anti-crime technologies in a model with three cities2020In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 160, article id 120211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a theoretical political-economy model with three cities and analyze three questions. First, should police in these cities have access to contentious crime fighting technologies such as facial recognition software? We describe a condition involving benefit, cost, and spatial spillover terms which tells us when the police ought to be provided with this technology. Second, if police are to be offered this technology then what are the properties of a policy regime that provides this technology in a decentralized way? We identify a condition that depends only on benefit and cost terms which tells us when this technology is to be made available in the cities in a decentralized way. Finally, what are the properties of a policy regime that provides the technology in a centralized way with equal cost sharing by the cities? We obtain two conditions involving benefit and spatial spillover terms that describe scenarios in which (i) the technology is provided with majority voting in a city even though it is inefficient to do so and (ii) it is efficient to provide the technology in a city but majority voting will lead to this technology not being provided.

  • 112.
    Becirovic, Hanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Counterbalancing Gentrification2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 113.
    Bengtsson, Maximilian
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Safety in public space: Exploring solutions around Tensta Centrum2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public transport is widely used in Stockholm which means that the flow of people in the open spaces close to public transport nodes will always exist. Public safety is a social factor that are important for social sustainability and for people spending time in open spaces. Surroundings, media, and history have given Tensta a predetermined poor reputation as a troubled Swedish area with high crime and low education. This area needs a new way of thinking about the link between people interaction and public space design. If it is possible to create a space where everyone can feel safe, it would make the area more livable.

     

    Public safety is understood, in this study, as the way people feel about safety and crime related topics around Tensta centrum. The aim is to look at the physical environment to propose suggestions to how the sense of public safety can be enhanced in Tensta centrum. Because of this, the link between citizen opinions and actor opinions will be studied to see where this situation stems from.

     

    Findings show that citizens and actors think similarly about what needs to be done in the area. Citizens tend to feel like the city is not caring for Tensta because they are not seeing any changes while actors are more positive towards the future of Tensta. The problem is the communication between citizen and actor. There are many activities that are present in Tensta that citizens do not know about.

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  • 114.
    BENISSAN, MABLE MAWUTO CARA IVANE
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Greenways and véloroutes: promising tools for regional development: Investigating the Nîmes and Montpellier Bypass railway project2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a context of increasing attention to sustainability issues, France has formulated a number ofstrategies to develop greener transport practices. The French National Sustainable DevelopmentStrategy is one of them and - among other topics - it encourages soft mobility and the development ofactive modes of transportation such as walking and cycling. In such a setting, the Nîmes andMontpellier Bypass railway project stands out thanks to one of its specificity: planning simultaneouslyfor a high-speed line and a véloroute. A critical investigation of the véloroute’s planning processwithin this project provides elements that may improve usual greenways and véloroutes projects.

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    Degree_project_SoM_EX_2013-29_Cara_Benissan
  • 115.
    Bergdahl, Lina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    CPTED för en trygg park: En studie om betydelsen av den fysiska miljöns utformning i en park ur ett trygghetsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 116.
    Bergdahl, Lina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Women’s Perceived Safety on Public Transport Journeys: A Qualitative Study2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women feel more fear than men in public space and when using public transport. This is an inequality in our society which limits women’s mobility and access to public goods. This study aims to qualitatively explore how women experience their public transport trips from a perceived safety perspective in a study of Gullmarsplan. Which elements women focus on during the trips and what they perceive as unsafe was explored, as well as what behaviors and strategies women use to manage their fear of crime. This was explored by first collecting travel diaries using a whole journey approach and then by narrowing the study down to performing walk-alongs in the walking environment at Gullmarsplan. The study found that women focus mostly on the social environment and that their reflections on the physical environment usually are related to perceived indicators of social incivilities and risk of victimization. Gullmarsplan was generally perceived as quite safe during the day but during evenings and nights most women avoided certain places which usually were secluded, difficult to survey or were perceived to attract dangerous others. Defensive adaptation strategies, mainly avoidance strategies and vigilance, were found to be the most commonly used safety strategies by women. Women’s fear of crime likely cannot be completely designed away in the physical environment but will require structural changes that promote gender equality in our society. With that noted, it is important that urban planners and designers are aware of how the physical environment affects women’s perceived safety. This study found that principles of CPTED generally made women feel safer, particularly important were good lighting and natural surveillance. Green spaces such as parks were found to often be avoided by women after dark. The geographical location and use of safety principles such as CPTED is thus especially important at such locations. Urban planners and designers have the power to shape public spaces that are accessible and safe. Public policies and design that promote equality in access to and use of public space is a feature of a more just democratic society.

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  • 117.
    Berggren, Linus
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Pettersson Capasso, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Att förändra en gatas rykte: En fallstudie om Malmskillnadsgatan i Stockholm2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Malmskillnadsgatan in Stockholm, despite its central location in the heart of Stockholm with a lot of people moving around, has become synonymous with criminal activities and has been perceived as a gloomy and unattractive street. This study aims to investigate how aspects of the built environment affect activity and safety in urban environments, as well as how they influence people's perception of the street environment. The focus will be on Malmskillnadsgatan and the redevelopment project carried out by Vasakronan, in collaboration with the City of Stockholm. To fulfill the purpose, a case study of Malmskillnadsgatan has been conducted through document analysis, site visits, and interviews with users and an employee of Vasakronan. The study is based on a theoretical framework that analyzes the connection between the built environment, attractiveness, and activity and between the built environment and safety. The theories used include Gehl's perspective on attractive street environments, Ewing and Handy's five qualities for vibrant street life, Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED), the Broken Window theory, and the Routine Activity Theory.

    The document analysis revealed that a combination of a lack of activity offerings, unattractive and closed architecture, and the street's location compared to surrounding streets contributed to the low natural flow and low activity on the street. The site visit showed that the street has improved according to several of the theories mentioned in the theoretical framework. The previously closed facades have opened up, and the introduction of activities on the ground floor, mainly in the form of restaurants, has contributed to increased flow. User interviews indicated that a clear majority felt that Malmskillnadsgatan had become more attractive and safer after the redevelopment, primarily in the vicinity of Hästskon 12. However, several respondents still found other parts of the street unattractive and unsafe, and the perception that the street dies out in the evenings and on weekends persists. The architecture and the introduction of restaurant activities were primarily mentioned as factors that made the street more attractive. The flow of people they created was the main reason several respondents felt safe. Suggestions for further improvements included greater variety in the range of activities, more active ground floors in other parts of the street, and better lighting.

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  • 118.
    Berglund, Elin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Perspektiv på platsmarknadsföring2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching aim of this study is to contribute with new perspectives on place marketing, theoretically as well as empirically. More specifically, the aim is to characterize the place marketing research literature, describe its content and explore the extent to which it is valid in a Swedish municipal context. This basic approach is important, partly because it is difficult to comprehend the difference between central concepts and different types of research literature within the field of place marketing, partly because the research literature tend to generalize from a specific empirical material, foremost large cities in the western world.

    In the first part of the study a literature review is carried out. The review includes a typology which shows two broad lines of research within the field of place marketing: one which conceptualizes place marketing by examining what is being done in cities, municipalities and regions, and another one which is anchored in the discipline of marketing. The first tradition is referred to as “place” and the other one as “marketing”. The typology also shows, among other things, different approaches within each research line. The research which is referred to as place is described as empirical and/or critical. The research which is referred to as marketing is described as prescriptive and/or theoretical.

    The second part of the study is based on two surveys, both distributed to all 290 municipalities in Sweden. The surveys bring questions about competition and cooperation as well as entrepreneurial policy and efforts to increase the attractiveness of the municipalities in to focus. The results partly confirm and partly call for a more in-depth analysis of these phenomena.

    The study makes a distinction between place marketing and place selling. Place marketing is described as a demand-oriented approach in planning and place development and place selling as the opposite, i.e. as a supply-oriented approach. In the study it is argued that most place marketing research appears to be about place selling rather than place marketing. Furthermore, it is argued that efforts to increase the attractiveness of the municipalities appear to be characterized by place selling rather than place marketing.

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    Doctoral thesis
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    errata
  • 119.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    E4 staden: det trafikala stadslandskapet längs E4:an genom Stockholm2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    E4:an är Stockholms huvudtrafikåder. Troligen rör sig uppåt en halv miljon personer dagligen längs olika avsnitt av motorvägen mellan Arlanda och Södertälje, Upplands Väsby och Botkyrka. Motorvägen och dess trafikmot, på landet och i staden, är monument över bilsamhället och den bilism som griper in i våra vardagsliv på en mängd olika sätt, oavsett om vi har bil eller inte.Boken E4 Staden är centrerad kring motorvägens och dess roll som stadsstrukturerande faktor och lokaliseringsmotiv för företag, men behandlar även bilismen som individuell konsumtion, kultur, livsstil och tar upp olika viktiga miljö- och hälsofrågor.

  • 120.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    E4:an mot för mot: platser och bebyggelse längs Stockholms trafikala ryggrad2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    I E4:an mot för mot är det guidebokens perspektiv som härskar. Genom en minutiös beskrivning av platser och byggnader längs E4:an kan resenären ta del av historien bakom den nya stadens verksamheter. Många av platsernas utvecklingsmöjligheter och utbyggnadsplaner redovisas också, inte minst för att ge en förståelse för den typ av stadslandskap som formats kring vägen. Därför är boken ett lokalhistoriskt komplement till författarens sammanfattande och bildrika bok E4-staden.

  • 121.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    En gång talade man om staden: Texter 1968-20102010Book (Other academic)
  • 122.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Flera kapitel och avsnitt2007In: Bilder av framtidsstaden: tid och rum för hållbar utveckling / [ed] Gullberg, A & Höjer M & Pettersson R, Symposion , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 123.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Gallerian som klassrum2010In: Den lärande staden / [ed] De Laval S & Lieberg M & Åkerblom P, Umeå: Boréa Förlag , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Guide to guides on the treshold to modernity2010In: Guiding and Guiding Tours / [ed] Petra Adolfsson, Peter Dobers and Mikael Jonasson, Göteborg: BAS Publishers , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Bergman, Bosse
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    I konstnärens öga2005In: ST Eriks årsbok / [ed] Sörensson, U, Stockholm: Samfundet St Erik , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Bergman, Hanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kan kollektiva boenden lösa bostadskrisen och den sociala isoleringen?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    his study is exploring whether collective housing could mean a solution to the housing crisis and if this form of housing at the same time could achieve social sustainability. It is of interest to achieve social sustainability in order to decrease social isolation and mental illness that spreads mainly among young people in Sweden (Eckerdal, C. et al., 2018). This is examined by looking at the social benefits that can be found by charing home with others that is not your direct family and see if this form of housing could be seen as an attractive housing alternative of people in different socio-economic groups. The results are based on interviews and scientific articles that together concludes that this way of housing may not be an over all solution for the housing crisis in Sweden but may contribute to some positive change in both the housing market and in the inhabitants mental health, which the results of this text indicates. The way people live has a big impact on their possibilities to create a sustainable social life and it is important for humans to feel safe (Alfredsson, B., 1979). Humans way of socialise is directly related to their social connection which is why an unsafe living situation could have negative consequences on humans social life and mental health (Satici, S. A et al., 2015). This way of living could become more and more popular with inhabitant in need of a home (Törnqvist, M.,2019) and an increased wish from people to become a part of a community as a result of the urbanisation and an individualism (Vestbro D., 2010).

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  • 127.
    Bergman, Hanna
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Tillsammans för en levande landsbygd: - En fallstudie av Örnsköldsviks kommuns landsbygdsutveckling genom samverkan2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several of Sweden's rural areas today face major challenges with a declining population, as more and more people choose to settle down in cities and that the average age in rural areas is increasing. At the same time, community planning today largely focuses on urban environments and how we succeed in planning sustainable cities. This may be largely due to the larger proportion of the world's population living in cities compared to the proportion living in rural areas. This essay aims to investigate a Swedish municipality's work with rural development and how they worked with cooperation between the rural areas and the municipality in the planning to achieve sustainable development and vibrant countryside. The thesis is based on a case study of Örnsköldsvik municipality's rural planning.

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  • 128.
    Bergström, Henrik
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Calander, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Att angöra en (socialt hållbar) brygga: Rekommendationer för utvecklandet av en mer socialt hållbar och levande skärgård i Värmdö kommun2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social sustainability has become a more used expression and received increasing attention during thelast years, not least through the UN sustainable development goals. Despite this, there is no unanimousdefinition of social sustainability and it therefore is defined differently depending on the context. Thereare a limited number of studies made on social sustainability in the Stockholm archipelago. Thearchipelago faces challenges of decreasing population, reduced level of service, strong seasonalvariations in tourism and a physical geography that complicates transportation. Therefore, this studyaims to examine how social sustainability can be defined in the archipelago and come up withrecommendations for Värmdö municipality on how they can steer the development towards a moresocially sustainable and vibrant archipelago.The research questions were answered through a case study on Värmdö municipality. The data collectionconsisted of interviews with different actors with connections to the archipelago, as well as a study ofdocuments from Region Stockholm, Värmdö municipality and the five other municipalities in theStockholm region that are a part of the archipelago. The interview respondents consisted of employeesat Värmdö municipality, residents in the Värmdö archipelago and actors that have insight in theStockholm archipelago from a regional perspective. The broad variety of respondents has given athorough understanding of the unique conditions that the archipelago faces related to socialsustainability, as well as the difficulties and possibilities in achieving a socially sustainable and vibrantarchipelago.A socially sustainable and vibrant archipelago can be described as an archipelago that offers housing,communications, schools and tourism on the permanent inhabitants’ terms, but with the part-timeresidents and tourists in mind. Furthermore, social sustainability needs to be defined locally and shouldbe characterized by citizen participation. The study results in several recommendations for Värmdömunicipality to consider when planning for a more socially sustainable archipelago. Therecommendations are based on the identified themes that are central to a socially sustainable and vibrantarchipelago. The themes are housing, schools, communications, participation, tourism and publicspaces.

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  • 129.
    Berkevall, Mona
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Partnerskap och processer vid genomförande av kulturprojekt: Fallstudie projekt Litteraturhus Nynäshamn2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta arbete redovisas en fallstudie från Nynäshamns kommun. En process för Sveriges första litteraturhus med anknytning till orten, genom författare som har levt och verkat i kommunen. Kommunen arbetar för att närma sig Stockholms läns bostads- och arbetsmarknadsregion genom förbättrad infrastruktur. I sin målsättning att attrahera intressegrupper har olika områden identifierats som viktiga. Ett av dessa områden är kultur.

     

    Processen startade med ett initiativ från en invånare och utvecklades till ett samarbete mellan en ideell förening och kommunen, men projektet mötte motstånd. Kommunen har under processens gång beslutat att bygga om och hyra ut en av kommunens fastigheter till den ideella föreningen. Innan ombyggnad kan starta behöver vänföreningen visa att de har den ekonomiska styrkan att driva verksamheten. Med tiden kommer en förfrågan till kommunen från vänföreningen om ett djupare samarbete tillsammans med dem och några ytterligare aktörer för ett litteraturhus. Processen hamnar i en låst situation i väntan på att kommunen ska ta ställning för eller emot ett partnerskap och att detaljplanen ska bli klar för området.

     

    Det insamlade materialet om fallstudien är från åren 2006-2009. I studien framkommer de olika parternas drivkrafter och möjligheter, men även stora problem i processarbetet. För att kunna förbättra framtida processer förs viktig erfarenhet fram i analys och diskussion av intervjuer, dokument och observationer från fallstudien tillsammans med utförd litteraturstudie.

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  • 130.
    Bernhard, Irene
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    E-government and E-governance: Local Implementation of E-government Polices in Sweden2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is recognized in international research that the public sector has been transformed into a networked, open and more flexible, informal and interactive governance structure. This is described as a transition from “government to governance”. Sweden is one of the international leaders with regards to e-government development. The objective of this thesis is to provide a deeper understanding of how e-government policies are implemented in an e-governance context, through empirical case studies in Sweden. The focus is on the local level. The overall research question is: How is e-government policy put into practice when focusing on the local level? This is reported in four articles.

    Case study methodology is used as research method, including interviews, focus group interviews, document studies, and some participatory observations. The analysis is partly based on an inductive methodological approach, since this is a new, emerging field of innovative policy and practice.

    The analysis arrives at three overarching conclusions: (1) In practice, when e-government policy is implemented and translated at the local level, it tends to happen in an e-governance setting conducted by policy entrepreneurs or promoted by entrepreneurial behaviour in public administration. E-government policies are implemented in relation to local cultures, norms and economic structures. (2) Implementation of e-government and e-governance initiatives requires trust in the service provision among public administrators as well as among citizens. Efficiency and citizen-centred approaches in the redesign of information relationships between public administration and citizens to create some sort of added value are crucial. (3) The thesis indicates that there are two main implications of municipal contact centres (CCs): they localize public services and they combine different services into a one-stop practice striving to provide “holistic” services to the individual citizen. However, although the use of ICT is essential for the organisational transformation, the results indicate that the organisational settings and internal anchoring are greater constraints than new technology for implementation of local e-government and e-governance initiatives in the form of contact centres. One example for potential added value is the source of information of citizens’ issues through the implementation of municipal contact centres, which may have a positive impact on the conditions for local planning.

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  • 131.
    Bernhard, Irene
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    E-government and e-governance: Swedish case studies with focus on the local level2013Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concepts of e-government and e-governance are used interchangeably in most research and there is no single definition of these terms. The objective of this licentiate thesis is to provide a deeper understanding of these concepts through empirical studies in a Swedish context. Further, it aims to analyse whether – and if so in what way – the implementation of local contact centres (CC) affect conditions for local planning. This is reported in three articles. In this thesis e-government is defined to as the use of tools and systems by governmental bodies made possible by ICT that affect the organization of public administration. E-governance is defined as the ICT-based networks of services and administration in New Public Management settings including both public and private actors. Case study methodology is used as research method, including interviews, focus group studies, document studies, and some participatory observations. The analysis is partly built on an inductive methodological approach, since this is a new, emerging field of innovative policy and practice. Based on a theoretical discussion of New Public Management in the digital era, findings show that there is a difference between the concepts of e-government and e-governance from the perspective of e-administration and e-services and that the terms should not be used interchangeably. The study indicates that there are examples of implementation that are referred to the e-governance setting. Further the study indicates that local municipal contact centres may be referred to not only as an implementation of e-government but as a combination of e-governance and e-government. The findings indicate that there is a potential for positive impact on the conditions for local planning through the implementation of municipal contact centres.

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    Thesis
  • 132.
    Bernhard, Irene
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Local e-Government in Sweden: Municipal Contact Centre Implementation with Focus on Public Administrators and Citizens2014In: Journal of Community Informatics, E-ISSN 1712-4441, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to analyze the implementation of municipal contact centers (CCs) – an e-government initiative on the local level- from the perspectives of  public adiminstrators and the citizens. This article is based on case studies from four Swedish municipalites. The results indicate that the CCs: contribute to increased access to municipal service, localize public services and combine different services into a one-stop practice striving to provide a “holistic” approach to the individual citizen in her local context. However, the quality of the service also depends on the organization of the work  within the back office of the municipalities. All issues from citizens were registered in a common database which may be a potantail contribution local planning and to increased knowledge about the citizens’ needs and perceptions regarding municipality services.  

  • 133.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Grundén, K.
    Towards inclusive e-government: The development of municipal contact centers in Sweden2013In: Developing E-Government Projects: Frameworks and Methodologies, IGI Global , 2013, p. 225-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, five case studies of the implementation of contact centers in Swedish municipalities are described and discussed with a focus on inclusive e-government. The research methods used are mainly qualitative interviews with different categories of municipal personnel and also with some citizens. The main conclusions are that the implementation of contact centers seems to contribute to increased accessibility of municipal services, even for those citizens who might have problems using Internet services. The study indicates that development towards increased equal treatment of citizens and a contribution to reducing problems is mainly related to the "digital divide." Municipal services became more adapted to citizens' needs by using citizen-centric methods and dialogue during the development process and in the daily work of the contact centers. The implementation of municipal contact centers can thus be seen as a step towards inclusive e-government, but there is still a need to go further in this direction.

  • 134.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Trust in secure public e-services: Translating policies into use2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 241-262Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging information society challenges relations between public agencies and citizens in many ways. Providing e-services on the Internet and using other forms of information and communication technologies are basic components of e-government. E-services as such are innovations – even if the service itself existed before – as they are a new way of producing and organizing the service. For secure use and successful implementation of innovations in public contexts, the innovation must be considered legitimate and related to policies.

       The European Union and all other levels of government form policies, which are translated among the various levels to manage the useful, secure praxis of e-services. Translation in organisational terms takes place across governmental levels in the multi-level governance chain and secondarily from technical to administrative settings. Since the Swedish public administration relies on a dual steering approach, with strong, constitutionally mandated regional and local autonomy, such policies cannot be forced onto regional and local public agencies. Instead, European and national policy statements become soft policy instruments in the local context, and their implications rely on local uptake in the specific setting and on the competencies of the professionals in local public administration. 

       Since this is a new, emerging field of innovative policy and practice, our analysis will build on an inductive methodological approach. The theoretical framework of policy and technology translation allows inclusion of this broad process of changes. Our focus here on the translation process is to highlight translations both across levels in multi-level settings and as constructions of meanings of security. The conclusion is that the organizational settings of multi-level governance are greater constraints than new technology for implementation of public e-services.   

  • 135.
    Bertilson, Anton
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Assessing Social-Ecological Justice in Projects, Plans and Processes: A Workbook for Sustainable development2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to develop a workbook to assess social-ecological justice (SEJ) in projects, plans and processes. Social-ecological justice bridges many sustainability discourses in order to create a more inclusive and wider sustainability concept than previous ones (Gunnarsson Östling & Svenfelt, (Submitted Book Chapter)).  In order to fill the gap between SEJ theory and practically assessing SEJ in projects, plans and processes there is a need for a tool that can help and guide practitioners in their work. This thesis aims to fill the existing gap by developing the SEJ workbook. A lot of the developed SEJ methodology is based on an already existing workbook developed by the Resilience Alliance (2010) called: Assessing resilience in social-ecological systems: Workbook for practitioners. This workbook and SEJ have the same definition of what a social-ecological system is, and share a lot of similar theoretical aspects. The methodology of this thesis is a combination of a theoretical study of the SEJ concept, an analytic comparative study between a Resilience Assessment and the SEJ concept, and semi-structured interviews with practitioners that in different ways works with sustainable development today. The result is a five steps workbook that consists of the parts: 1) Identifying issues, defining the area and actor analysis, 2) History of the issues, 3) Dynamics of the issues and cross-scale interactions, 4) Governance and 5) Acting on the assessment. Each step has questions that aim to help the analyst complete the SEJ assessment. This entire process creates an inclusive and broad understanding of SEJ issues in projects, plans and processes. The complete SEJ assessment can help decision makers and actors in the area make well informed decisions for future sustainable development. It can also serve as a first step in an EIA (environmental impact assessment) with connections to social, ecological and socioeconomic aspects.

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  • 136.
    Bertlin, Joel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Social sustainability from the perspective of three concepts: human scale, the city at eye-level, and public life2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There has been lately a rich amount of articles highlighting the incoherent nature of theterm social sustainability and what it really means in an urban practice. Some argues for anincreased knowledge about the relation between social aspects and the physicalenvironment in order to better enhance the social dimension. The normative- and designoriented concepts human scale, the city at eye-level and public life may clarify the role ofdesign to accomplish desired social aspects.The aim of this thesis is to investigate how these concepts may provide a way to approachsocial sustainability with a focus on the public realm. Further aim is to identify problems andopportunities in the implementation phase since the often occurring gap between vision andpractice. The strategy is to create guidelines from theoretical understanding of the conceptsbased on a literature study and examine how these may relate to a created conceptualframework of social sustainability. Afterwards the guidelines are used to evaluate three caseexamples; the renewal of Rosengård, Malmö; the development of Järla Sjö, Nacka and thedevelopment of Prästviken, Botkyrka, regarding their fulfillment of the concepts. Knowledgeabout the case examples are mainly gathered from interviews by practitioners involved inabove mentioned projects and also function as an insight of general implementation issues.The results show that human scale, the city at eye-level and public life promote severaldesign inputs with effects on the functionality and experience of the public realm andargued social impact on safety & security, sense of belonging, social interaction and wellbeing. However these impacts may only be indicated and the concepts fail to acknowledgethe political dimension of social sustainability. Further the possibility to implement thedesign implications depend on geographical location, project driving forces and the nature ofthe builder

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  • 137.
    Bertlin, Joel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Tillbaka till kvartersstaden: En studie om ideal och idéer inom stadsplanering2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 138.
    Birgisson, Björn
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Highway and Railway Engineering.
    Sjölander, Peta White
    KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Ergonomics.
    Snickars, Folke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Kjellberg, Peter
    KTH.
    Perhson, Susanna
    KTH.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    KTH.
    Reitberger, Göran
    KTH.
    RAE2012: KTH Research Assessment Exercise 20122012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    KTH RAE2012
  • 139.
    Birkehammar, Mattias
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    The Shift i Sverige: Kan FN:s globala riktlinjer minska antalet vräkningar i Stockholm?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Shift is a movement with close connections to the UN, with the purpose to help the countries of the world achieve their commitments regarding the Human Right to Housing. The movement bases a large part of their work on the report “Guidelines for the Implementation of the Human Right to Housing”, which may be described as a coherent list of problem descriptions and measures to make possible the realization of the right to housing. This report is formally edited by the UN, but has been embraced by the Shift and is used as a document of their overall policy. The document will from now on be referred to as “the Shift’s guidelines”. One of the guidelines, no 6, focuses on evictions and is a call to: “Prohibit forced evictions and prevent evictions whenever possible” This study examines how guideline no 6, the prevention of evictions, compares to the general situation in Sweden and more specifically in Stockholm. The purpose is to study how well actors, processes and law/rule in Sweden fulfills to the Shift Guideline no. 6 (within some boundaries), and what can be done to better fulfill them. The study is based upon interviews with representatives of “Sveriges Allmännytta” (public housing), “Kronofogden” (bailiffs) and officials working on eviction prevention in different districts in Stockholm and information gathered from the internet such as statistics from government agencies, documentation from the Shift’s home page, news articles and other information. The study reaches the conclusion that Sweden’s already existing preventative work regarding evictions matches virtually every one of the measures that the Shift advocates. The Shift’s measures could be described as a subset of what Sweden’s municipalities and governing branches perform. Regarding the Swedish national programmes to prevent evictions there are also counterparts to the Shift’s suggestions, within the limitations of this study. There are practical hardships in entirely avoiding evictions; the ever increasing second-hand rentals which do not offer the security of housing that is expected out of adequate housing, the challenging cases when the help that is offered is turned down by the individual it is directed to, and of course the cases where the preventative measures simply fail. The national programmes in general have been successful in Sweden, but there exist flaws that corporations have taken advantage of on the tenants’ expense. There is also a development with demands for a more market-oriented reforms that have been criticized by the founder of the Shift, Leilani Farha.

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  • 140.
    Bleeker, Jate
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    An Impossible Profession: How To Plan the Unplanned?2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A short film about how to design informality in the city. By comparing the chaotic Lagos with the orderly Stockholm the film rethinks the role of the designer and shows that planning as a sphere of building consistently destroys lived space. It illuminates the tension between the orderly and the chaotic, the ideal and reality.

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  • 141. Blinge, Magnus
    et al.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Höijer, Mattias
    KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Roth, Anders
    Sprei, Frances
    Sterner, Tomas
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Trafikverket på kollisionskurs med klimatmålen2015In: Göteborgsposten, ISSN 1103-9345Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 142.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    et al.
    KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.). Mälardalens Univ, Västerås, Sweden.
    Emanuel, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Regulating Innovation: Utility vs. Leisure in Swedish Moped History, 1952–19612020In: Technology and culture, ISSN 0040-165X, E-ISSN 1097-3729, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 815-842Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the attempts to regulate innovation in Sweden’s road traffic system, specifically small, two-wheeled motorized vehicles or mopeds. Regulators wanted to establish a definition of the moped as a utility vehicle. Moped users and producers challenged their intentions, envisioning the moped as a vehicle for leisure. Our close reading of artefacts allows us to trace the evolution of moped technology and to conceptualize innovation in the moped niche. Situating moped innovation within the context of regulatory attempts and social change, we show how the imposition of technical requirements failed to regulate specific usage of a consumer technology. More broadly, the case study shows how users together with the producers find ways to innovate and shape technologies for their own purposes.

  • 143.
    Blomquist, Erik
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Idrotts- och motionsanläggningar för alla!: En utredning av kommunernas möjlighet att planera för jämställd fysisk aktivitet med Järfälla kommun som fallstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people with a sedentary lifestyle in Sweden is increasing and a large share does not exercise enough to compensate for their physically inactive lifestyle. There is a clear connection between physical activity and health and well-being. The behaviour physical activity is affected by the surrounding urban environment and therefore, urban planning have an impact on the public health. There are several components which the city consists of that has a great influence on the public health. One of those components is sport and exercise facilities which are directly focused on physical activity. The usage of these facilities depend on the variety and on proximity, accessibility and usability. Residents in the municipality of Järfälla have generally a bad variety of free sports and exercise facilities, but good variety of facilities that not necessarily are free, especially in Jakobsberg. The proximity to different kinds of sport and exercise facilities is good in close to the hole part of the municipality, except Stäket. In order to support a higher and more equal usage of the facilities, an inventory of the accessibility of the pedestrian and bike infrastructure and of the usability of sport and exercise facilities should be made. Facilities owned by the municipality which there are a limited number of and regional facilities, should be located so the users can get there easily with public transportation. In order to obtain a more equal infrastructure of sport and exercise facilities, more data about exercise habits in Järfälla needs to be gathered, making decision-making easier. Consideration should be taken to sports that are small in number of members and thereby does not have the same influence and also to the fact that a majority of the residents are not a member in any sports club. Lastly, there are further elements to consider than the facilities; the subsidy to sport clubs needs to be reconsidered and the social norms that affects the prerequisites for men and women to be physically active.

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  • 144.
    Blomqvist, Rustan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mot ett befolkat Brunkebergstorg2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms stad har i vision city ett antal konkreta utvecklingsmål för stadens utveckling fram till 2030. Bland annat betonas vikten av en större funktionsblandning, fler verksamheter med längre öppettider och en större mängd nattbefolkning i city. Som ett steg i vision citys riktning omvandlas inom kort Swedbanks huvudkontor på Brunkebergstorg till hotell, samtidigt som en renovering av Brunkebergstorg är aktuell.

    Uppsatsens syfte är att söka svar på hur Stockholms stad genom fysisk planering kan öka antalet besökare över hela dygnet på Brunkebergstorg och därmed öka nattbefolkningen i Stockholms city. Tillvägagångssättet utmärks till största del av litteraturstudier av forskningslitteratur inom stadsplanering, stadsliv och stadshistoria samt intervjuer och en platsanalys av Brunkebergstorg. Resultatet av litteraturstudierna presenteras som strategier vilka kan användas inom stadsplanering för att skapa ett befolkat offentligt rum. För att tydligare förstå Brunkebergstorgs koppling till övriga city studeras platsens historia, folkflöden och rumslighet.

    Strategier från litteraturstudierna vävs avslutningsvis ihop tillsammans med vision citys utvecklingsmål och resultatet från platsanalysen i ett avslutande planförslag till Brunkebergstorg. Planförslaget bygger på litteraturstudierna, anpassas via vision city till Stockholms utvecklingsmål och rättar sig efter vad som är lämpligt på Brunkebergstorg enligt platsanalysen. Metoden minskar önsketänkande inom planeringen och kan hindra en överdriven planering där platsen programmeras till hundra procent. Nackdelen är att det mänskliga perspektivet till viss del faller bort med detta arbetssätt samt den värdefulla platsanalys de personer som dagligen spenderar tid på platsen hade kunnat bidra med.

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  • 145.
    Blomqvist, Rustan
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Stationsnära planering: En förtätningsanalysmodell för mindre tätorter i Östergötland2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stationsnäraprincipen imply that urban development is concentrated around public transport nodes to increase the accessibility and competitiveness of public transport against motoring transport to ensure that regional enlargement is achieved in a sustainable way. The vision for transit-oriented development (TOD) in Östergötland derives from a regional planning level and in order to implement the vision in municipal planning, it is important to specify how both the municipality and the region can benefit. An approach is to find a model that can raise the regional perspective in the local planning process. The purpose of this study is to develop a densification model that focuses on TOD in smaller urban areas. A densification model for the Stockholm region has previously been developed in conjunction with the regional development plan, and this study examines whether the model can be adapted to TOD planning in smaller urban areas. The densification model has been modified methodically with the help of two planners in Östergötland as well as a literature review on regional development and TOD. The custom model has been tested in two separate case studies and the results comprise a mapping of the potential for densification described in three different densification scenarios; municipal focus areas for densification, market interesting development areas and consensus development. This model enables the regional vision for TOD to be implemented into the municipal planning process and shows not only how both municipality and the region can benefit from a partnership, but also the critical problems that each individual municipality must overcome in order to continue to develop in the future.

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    Stationsnära planering - En förtätningsanalysmodell för mindre tätorter i Östergötland
  • 146.
    Bluum, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Strøget vs. Drottninggatan: Through the Lens of Sociability, Public Spaces and Human Interactions2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What attributes can make a street become more sociable and create a vibrant streetscape where people feel comfortable spending time? The purpose of this study is to find these attributes and apply this knowledge in a case study on Drottninggatan and Strøget to identify their strengths and weaknesses as well as providing recommendations on how the streets can become more sociable public spaces. To achieve this a diverse selection of methods will be used. A literature review with emphasis on theories by Mehta (2013), Jacobs (1995) and Whyte (1980) will form the foundation for the study. Furthermore a combination of conventional methods such as observations and counting/tracking and more experience-based methods as City Walks and storytelling will form the core of the case study.

    During the case study a number of important urban elements arose with the key features being the use of open spaces, urban furniture and their positioning, the use of green structure and the presence of events on the street. The architectural ensemble is to be considered important for the framing of the public realm to a certain degree since it has a strong effect on how a space is perceived and the fact that if inappropriately used it can give rise to negative experiences of the street.

    Strøget and Drottninggatan show examples of both good and bad practice and both have aspects to improve to support a more sociable public space, even though Strøget have to be considered as being a few steps ahead. 

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  • 147.
    Bluum, William
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Urban vindkraft: Ett energialternativ för framtiden?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 148.
    Blyth, Daniel
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Promoting 'Age-Friendly' Cities: Assessing Elderly Perceptions of Public Spaces2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the features of urban public spaces that attract or exclude elderly residents is becoming an increasingly pressing concern in cities across the world. The present study is underpinned by the aim to uncover the desires, needs, values, uses and aspirations of elderly residents in public spaces across Stockholm. Using the concept of ‘Age-Friendly Cities’, this research examines the links between these specific elements and broader feeling of belonging or wellbeing that can arise from access to inclusive public spaces. Participants from two contrasting neighbourhoods were recruited to partake in a mental mapping and photo elicitation study of their surrounding areas. These visual materials were used to assess the age-friendliness of the two areas. Findings were analysed according to three themes: outdoor green spaces, transport infrastructure and urban development and growth. These themes were used to inform a discussion around what constitutes age-(un)friendliness. Flexible, inclusive, open, accessible places sensitive to local histories were found to be preferred. The design of transport infrastructure, such as roads and metro stations, were identified as features that contribute to discomfort in public spaces. These concerns were further exacerbated and amplified by concerns at the rapid growth of the city. Age-unfriendliness was therefore characterised by issues such as exclusion from access to new developments and a loss of identity, quality of life, resources and local character.

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  • 149.
    Bodnar, Tatiana
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Playing with the Possible: Co-Producing the Right to the City from the Bottom-Up2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore possible alternatives to the current neoliberal development by developing, implementing, and analyzing one possible alternative way of framing participation. Working under the name of Fluke, I have co-developed a research project using participatory action research from the bottom-up that creates a more engaging and inclusive urban co-production process using play and games. By exploring this process from a practical perspective, I argue that playful co-design processes applied at the local scale have potential to allow people opportunities to ensure what Lefebvre calls the ‘right to the city’ — their right to be not only consumers, but also their right to become a co-producer of urban space. 

    Situating our action research in our student housing neighborhood of Stockholm, Sweden, I hope to articulate that urban co-design processes have the potential to explore the boundless possible urban futures in an inclusive manner. Within our process, we developed playful urban planning tools like a place analysis Easter Egg Hunt, a playful visioning workshop, and a place prototyping game. Through this five-month period, over 300 residents participated in different manners with the co-creation of a temporary festival exploring the possibilities of urban space: Lappis Summer Dream Day. Through this participatory exploration, we co-produce alternative valuations of urban space that fulfill social and creative needs, not just the needs of capital, to co-create what Hou (2018) calls the ‘new commons’.

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  • 150. Bonnett, Alastair
    et al.
    Alexander, Catherine
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Mobile nostalgias: connecting visions of the urban past, present and future amongst ex-residents2013In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, ISSN 0020-2754, E-ISSN 1475-5661, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 391-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on interviews with ex-residents of Tyneside (United Kingdom), this paper builds on recent reappraisals of nostalgia as a productive' and living' disposition, to show how fond memories and a sense of loss shape and sustain engagement with the city. In contrast to recent attempts to identify active nostalgia only with its reflective' forms, or to separate out official' and non-official' nostalgia, the paper demonstrates that nostalgias are mobile and interwoven. It is shown that restorative' and reflective' forms can co-exist and state-led practices of conservation be maintained in a complex and mutually sustaining relationship with more personal, less official, visions of the value of the past. Thus it is argued that urban nostalgia for the city needs to be acknowledged as a potentially critical intervention that draws together different modes of attachment and yearning.

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