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  • 101.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lundström, Stellan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Borg, Lena
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lundström, Patrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Bostadsmarknad och ekonomisk tillväxt2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Snabbväxande regioner riskerar att hämmas i sin utveckling på grund av en bostadsmarknad som fungerar dåligt. I samhällsdebatten framhålls ofta att problemen står att finna i ett för lågt bostadsbyggande. I den här rapporten framtonar ett något annorlunda och mycket intressant perspektiv. Författarnas slutsats är att bostadsbristen inte enbart går att bygga bort. Istället är det ett ökat utbud av bostäder i det befintliga beståndet som är den stora utmaningen.

  • 102.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Muyingo, Henry
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Building maintenance strategies: planning under uncertainty2012Inngår i: Property Management, ISSN 0263-7472, E-ISSN 1758-731X, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    The article critically evaluates maintenance strategies and analyses the extent to which models

    from other sectors can be applied to building maintenance.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The paper is of a theoretical nature and is based on a number of Swedish case studies and

    questionnaires from which a number of stylized facts have been identified. These have then been

    used to explain and draw conclusions on maintenance strategies.

    Findings

    The main finding is that there are a number of specific uncertainties that affect building

    maintenance planning, which makes detailed long term plans less meaningful. The paper proposes

    a new structure for maintenance that focuses on long term goals for various buildings/components

    and then short run adjustments when new information is acquired.

    Research limitations/implications:

    The case for the new model needs to be strengthened by further studies including some from other

    countries.

    Practical and social implications

    Maintenance activities will become more important as the need to renovate or demolish the large

    building stock from the 50s and 60s increases. A rational structure and realistic expectations

    concerning maintenance planning are therefore important.

    Originality/value

    The most important contribution of the article is to underline the importance of different types of

    uncertainty for the structure of building maintenance planning.

  • 103.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Muyingo, Henry
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Critical reflections on the concept of maintenance2012Inngår i: International Journal of Strategic Property Management, ISSN 1648-715X, E-ISSN 1648-9179, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 105-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to critically evaluate the conceptual distinction between investment and maintenance. The study starts from a number of definitions in the literature and discusses these from the perspective of standard investment theory. The article argues that the standard concept of investment covers all relevant decisions and also puts the focus on the future consequences of decision and not whether it restores an earlier standard or not. The research implications are that investment and maintenance planning need to be analysed together and that the distinction between investment and maintenance is uninteresting from a decision theoretic and resource allocation perspective. The practical implications of the article are that what usually is called investment planning and maintenance planning need to be integrated. The originality in the paper lies primarily in the questioning of the usefulness of the concept of maintenance in a dynamic age where the relation to earlier characteristics and functions becomes less and less interesting. The role of the maintenance concept is now primarily related to various administrative systems (accounting, taxation) but is not so relevant from a forward looking resource allocation perspective.

  • 104.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Nordlund, Bo
    Karlstads Univ, Karlstad, Sweden..
    The concept of market value in thin markets and its implications for international accounting rules (IFRS)2019Inngår i: Journal of Property Investment & Finance, ISSN 1463-578X, E-ISSN 1470-2002, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 301-310Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss how the concepts market value (MV) and exit price should be interpreted in thin markets and how accounting rules may need to change to take this into account. Design/methodology/approach This is a conceptual paper using hypothetical examples as a base for the conclusions. Findings In a thin market, actors can have rather different reservation prices. The price will then be set through bargaining and the agreed price could be considerable above the reservation price of the actor with the second highest reservation price. The exit price should then be below what the MV was before the transaction and below the entry price, and according to the current accounting rules, the value in the balance sheet should then be below the price paid. The authors' experience is, however, that this rarely happens in practice. Originality/value As far as the authors know, this is the first paper that looks at problems in the current value concepts related to differences in reservation prices in thin markets.

  • 105.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Nyström, Johan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    The Explanation of Incomplete Contracts in Mainstream Contract Theory: A Critique of the Distinction between “Observable” and “Verifiable”2011Inngår i: Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review, ISSN 1349-4961, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 279-293Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mainstream contract theory often makes a distinction between things that are observable by the contracting parties but not verifiable by a third party. This distinction has, e.g. been used to explain why contracts are incomplete in some dimensions and claimed to provide the foundations of incomplete contract theory. This article sets out to scrutinize the assumption and argues that if something is observable by the parties, the parties can ex ante, without prohibitive costs, make these features verifiable by a third party. This implies that the distinction between observable and verifiable cannot be a fundamental explanation for incomplete contracts. Ex post it can be difficult to verify statements by a third party, but then it must be explained why the parties had not ex ante taken measures to make it possible to verify ex post. A number of such explanations are discussed in the paper. The arguments put forward are based on two detailed examples and also supported by important theories from the philosophy of language, which underline that concepts must be related to something observable in order to be learnt.

  • 106.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Song, Han-Suck
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    Dålig produktivitetsutveckling i byggindustrin: Ett faktum eller ett mätfel2012Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 107.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Wigren, Anders
    Ordning på taximarknaden: var god dröj1993Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 108.
    Mattsson, Hans-Åke
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Brobyggnad inkl stålbyggnad.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Experiences from Procurement of Integrated Bridge Maintenance in Sweden2009Inngår i: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, ISSN 1567-7133, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 143-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The trend in many countries is to outsource maintenance with competitive tendering. The design of the tender is then a crucial issue. A new type of tendering contract, called "Integrated Bridge Maintenance", was introduced in one experimental area in Sweden. In this case bridge maintenance is separated out from the standard road maintenance contract. A pilot project has been running since 2004 for all bridges in Uppsala County with about 400 bridges. The experiences and lessons from this pilot project are presented here, and analysed from a transaction cost perspective. An important feature of the contract was that it contained a combination of measures that should be carried out and properties of the bridges that the contractor was responsible to maintain. This created a balance between predictability and flexibility for the contractor. The client was satisfied because of increased competence and a low price. The latter can partly be explained by the possibility for the specialised bridge crew to get additional work from other sectors. One problem was that some properties were difficult to measure, which led to some controversies. As information about old bridges always are incomplete a partnering structure need to be built into the contract. Experience has also shown that a conscious policy to maintain long run competition is important. The general conclusion is that the project was seen as successful and as creating more "value for money".

  • 109.
    Song, Han-Suck
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Pooling of resources in housing development through strategic alliances:Theoretical framework and options for the Swedish market2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss different types of strategic alliances that a developer might establish in order to undertake risky development projects. Individual developers aswell as cities and municipalities can become more competitive by mobilizing resources andallocating risks efficiently. Based on the general literate on strategic alliances, we argue that developers and other actors in the development process may realize a large number of potential benefits of alliance activity. Strategic alliances can be designed to meet criticalresource and risk management needs of a residential developer throughout a typical development process.

  • 110.
    Sundfors, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH.
    Sustainability Metrics and Property Value: The need for a standardized sustainability descriptionManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is known that certified buildings can fetch a higher price on the market, but that it is related to the certificate rather than the performance. If those price premiums are to continue existing, there is a need to be able to prove that certified sustainable buildings also perform according to expectations. The aim of this paper is to try and identify a minimalized shortlist of performance metrics that have the potential to affect market price in commercial real estate. By addressing sustainability assessment schemes in comparison with the RICS sustainability checklist, Due Diligence studies and previous studies on what is technologically available, a shortlist comprised of nine key performance indicators is proposed that can help understand more about the connections between sustainable performance of commercial buildings and market price. The list covers the basic categories of emissions, energy, water and materials and can provide an idea of the environmental performance of the building while in operation. The idea is to use the information provided from this shortlist in valuation reports, and in this way it will be possible to identify connections between specific performance metrics and market price in the future.

  • 111.
    Sundfors, David
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi. Skanska.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH.
    Warsame, Abukar
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Sustainable performance in buildings: Time-frames and follow-ups in environmental rating systemsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    An environmental certificate gives information about the characteristics of the building today, but does not, as the current study shows, guarantee future performance. The question investigated in this study is if there are any demands at all on a newly constructed and certified building to provide any form of information that shows that the building actually perform according to the promises of the certificate. If there is, then which certificate does have these criteria and how common is it? This report is an attempt to compare popular environmental certificates for newly constructed buildings, but from the perspective of their demand of follow-ups. From the point of view of a property investor and a valuation professional, it should be of interest to identify measurable parameters that could provide historical performance data on a building. Also from an environmental perspective actual long term performance should be most important. In the paper we formulate three conditions that a long term credible environmental rating system should fulfill: any certificate should only be preliminary until it has been verified by actual performance metrics, continuous monitoring should be done and it should be mandatory to re-evaluate the building every fifth year according to updated versions of the rating system in question

  • 112.
    Warsame, Abukar
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Borg, Lena
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande.
    How Can Clients Improve the Quality of TransportInfrastructure Projects?: The Role of Knowledge Managementand Incentives2013Inngår i: Scientific World Journal, ISSN 1537-744X, E-ISSN 1537-744X, Vol. 2013Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aimof this paper is to argue for a number of statements about what is important for a client to do in order to improve quality innew infrastructure projects, with a focus on procurement and organizational issues.The paper synthesizes theoretical and empiricalresults concerning organizational performance, especially the role of the client for the quality of a project.The theoretical frameworkused is contract theory and transaction cost theory, where assumptions about rationality and self-interest are made and whereincentive problems, asymmetric information, and moral hazard are central concepts. It is argued that choice of procurement typewill not be a crucial factor. There is no procurement method that guarantees a better quality than another. We argue that giventhe right conditions all procurement methods can give good results, and given the wrong conditions, all of them can lead to lowquality.What is crucial is how the client organization manages knowledge and the incentives for the members of the organization.This can be summarized as “organizational culture.” One way to improve knowledge and create incentives is to use independentsecond opinions in a systematic way.

  • 113.
    Warsame, Abukar
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    What can the client do to improve the quality of infrastructure transport projects?Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector clients play different roles in the provision of transport infrastructure projects. They are responsible to identify the needs of end-users, determine performance objectives of projects and ensure that the most appropriate procurement method that minimizes risks and optimizes outcomes is chosen. Public sector client could also have a major influence on the actions and behavior of other actors in the sector that ultimately improve the overall performance and productivity of construction sector.

    The purpose of this paper is to present and argue for a number of statements about what is important in order to improve quality in new infrastructure projects. The paper tries to synthesize both theoretical and empirical results concerning organizational performance, especially the role of client competence for the quality of the project. Results from the questionnaire carried out within the project but presented elsewhere and extensive literature review are mainly utilized.

    We argued that knowledge and incentives are two crucial dimensions for getting high quality. The internal process of client organization such as design type, procurement method, and construction procedures could be influenced by client’s internal resource capacity. Thus, a more structured and proper knowledge management will not only minimize the loss of tacit knowledge and enhance public sector’s internal process capacity but will also reduce reliance on specific procurement method without economic and technical justifications. Furthermore, certain strategies such as incentive schemes, second opinion practices, post-review reporting for accountability and transparency purposes could improve public sector’s knowledge assets. It is expected that only a public sector client with skilled and experience workforce supplemented with appropriate knowledge management can succeed to fulfill their societal responsibilities.

  • 114.
    Warsame, Abukar
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Borg, Lena
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Procurement type and quality in infrastructure projectsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major goals of any project is to achieve the highest possible quality level without adversely affecting the anticipated cost and schedule. The final quality of a project is determined by a number of factors and there is no simple deterministic relation between these underlying factors and the level of quality. A fundamental question is whether quality can be increased by choosing a particular procurement method or the risk for low quality is higher with certain procurement method. Despite the existence of large literature in this area, there has not been clearly formulated that quality is independent from the choice of procurement type. We argue that given the right conditions all procurement methods can give good results, and given the wrong conditions all of them can lead to low quality.

    The aim of this paper is to try to synthesize both theoretical and empirical results about the performance of different procurement method and present arguments that make this statement convincing. The theoretical framework used in this paper is general contract theory and transaction cost theory while the result from questionnaire carried out within the project provided important empirical background.

    Two questions that are central to the debate of the choice of procurement method in relation to quality of the final project are who should do the detailed design and should construction and operations be bundled. A client with low technical competence may choose design-build procurement method as the client then only has to specify the characteristics of final product. This same client can also contact with technical consultant and make the detailed design together that would allow client to use design-bid-build procurement method. The main conclusion is that there is no quick fix when it comes to improving quality in infrastructure projects and there is no a procurement method that guarantees a better quality than another.

  • 115.
    Warsame, Abukar
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Song, Han-Suck
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Quality of road construction projects in sweden between 1990 and 20102014Inngår i: Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, ISSN 1835-6354, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 78-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been reported that productivity developments in construction are slow compared to other sectors. Measuring productivity is however not easy and it might have been underestimated due to deficiencies in the index that is used when the value added in current prices is converted into value added at constant prices. A central problem when deflating nominal prices is that the deflation should only take away price changes for identical products and not price changes related to quality changes and improvements necessitated by new environmental conditions and legislation as well as demand for higher safety. The aim of this project is to help fill this gap by looking at the quality changes over time in road construction. A combination of comparative studies and interviews with practitioners from public and private sectors that are involved in road construction projects were conducted. It was found that there had been both direct quality changes in the roads, primarily to improve safety on the roads and for noise protection, and indirect quality changes related to building in more difficult circumstances because of giving higher weight to other social objectives, especially environmental objectives. As these quality increases are not taken into account when productivity is measured, productivity improvements could be underestimated by around 1% per year.

  • 116.
    Yao, Yao
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Karrbom Gustavsson, Tina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
    Establishing a Stakeholder Framework for Eco-City Development: With a Case Study of Chinese Eco-City2013Inngår i: Proceedings from the 7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization: Green Urbanisation –Implications For Value Creation, Akademika forlag, 2013, s. 24-36Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Eco-city introduces a new type of urban development mode which considers social, environmental and economic aspects. Comparing to other green building projects, the development of Eco-city involves boarder urban settings. There is no formal evaluation tool for measuring the gains and losses of different stakeholders in the context of an Eco-city project. Cost benefits analysis (CBA) for Eco-city could provide better understanding of economic feasibility and social benefits of project. There is little literature on CBA for Eco-city, thus three qualitative research methods are applied, observation, literature study and interview. Also, the unique identity of the author, fully involved in the development of Eco-city in China, provides the opportunity in investigate the research question with observation and interview. To conduct CBA for Eco-city, the stakeholder framework is prepared in this paper. Based on the output and interpretive results from the qualitative methods, we show a Eco-city stakeholder framework. The framework illustrates every cost and benefit for stakeholder, providing stakeholders a clearer picture of their cost and benefits. The integrated costs benefits are generated for the system. The establishment of this framework clarifies interactions among stakeholders and gives financial stakeholders a better understanding of their investment benefits and risks. It can also act as a decision-making tool for financial stakeholders as well as policy maker in the future.

  • 117.
    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Hintze, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap.
    Energy-Efficient Technologies and the Building’s Saleable Floor Area: Bust or Boost for Highly-Efficient Green Construction?2013Inngår i: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 570-587Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When the external measurements of a building are fixed, an increase in external wall thickness caused by additional insulation, for example, will lead to loss of saleable floor area. This issue has to be taken into account in the evaluation of investment profitability. This paper examines how technologies used in energy-efficient residential building construction affect the available saleable floor area and how this impacts profitability of investment. Using a modeled building and an analysis of the average construction cost, we assessed losses and gains of saleable floor area in energy-efficient buildings. The analysis shows that the impact of potential losses or gains of saleable floor area should be taken into account when comparing investment alternatives: building energy-efficient green dwellings or building conventional ones. The results indicate that constructing energy-efficient buildings and introducing very energy-efficient technologies may be energy- and cost-effective even compared with conventional buildings. Employing new products in energy-efficient construction allows benefit to be drawn from lower energy consumption during the life cycle of the building, but also from the increase in saleable floor area.

  • 118.
    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Hintze, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap.
    Low-energy versus conventional residential buildings: cost and profit2012Inngår i: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 211-228Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the commercial aspect of “green” building construction and whether increased investment costs are profitable taking the reduction in operating costs into account. The investment viability is approached by comparing investment in conventional and “green” residential building, particularly passive houses, using real construction and post-occupancy conditions.

    Design/methodology/approach – The key data were obtained by surveys and personal interviews. The first survey was directed to the companies which had experience of building low-energy housing and the second survey to housing companies that actively manage operation of low-energy houses.

    Findings – Findings indicate that low-energy buildings are considered an interesting and sound business opportunity, and investment analysis indicates that low-energy houses (particularly passive houses) can be more attractive investments than conventional residential buildings. The long-term strategy of building low-energy buildings can give competitive advantages. The government initiative and the construction regulations are found to be necessary in eliminating the initial barrier to energy-efficient projects and achieving long-term environmental goals.

    Originality/value – This paper provides insights into the investment decisions and contributes to the understanding of the construction, operation and profitability of energy-efficient residential buildings.

  • 119.
    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Hintze, Staffan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap.
    Low-energy versus conventional residential buildings: market, stimulants, investment cost and profit2011Inngår i: SB11 Helesinki World Sustainable Building Conference, Finland, Helsinki, 2011, s. 314-315Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A  good  investment  is  measured  by  benefits  it  gives in  return,  and  so  financially  viable investment  is  an  elementary  requirement  for  the  stockholders.  Cost  and  affordability  have been  often  pointed  as  the  greatest  barrier  in  sustainable  construction  development  [1]  and further often brought up in the discussion about the  “sustainable”  or  “green”  investment profitability. It is therefore important to collect market evidence to facilitate understanding and evaluation of environmentally conscious investments in real estate.  

  • 120.
    Zalejska-Jonsson, Agnieszka
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Staffan, Hintze
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Byggvetenskap, Jord- och bergmekanik.
    Lind, Hans
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi.
    Low-energy versus conventional residential buildings: construction cost, operatin cost and return on investmentAnnet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The focus of this paper is to investigate the cost side of “green” building construction and if increased investment cost are profitable taking the reduction in operating cost into account. The investment viability is approached by comparing investment in conventional and “green” residential building, particularly low-energy building, using real construction and post-occupancy condition.

    Design/methodology/approach - The key data was obtained by surveys and personal interviews. First survey was directed to the companies which had experience of building lowenergy housing and the second survey to the housing companies that actively manage operation of low-energy houses.

    Findings - Findings indicate that low-energy buildings are considered as interesting and good business opportunity and life cycle cost analysis suggests that low energy building (particularly passive house) is a better investment than conventional residential building. At the same time government initiative and the construction regulations are found to have strong motivation power towards development of “green” buildings.

    Originality/ value – This paper provides insights to the investment decisions and contributes to understanding of the construction and operation of energy-efficient residential buildings.

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