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  • 101.
    Buck, Lennart
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Arekrans, Johan
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Gordin, Philip
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Nilsson, Susanne
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Ritzén, Sofia
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Increasing Exploration Capabilities Through Employee Entrepreneur Interaction2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive industry is in a time of great environmental change. Due to new competitors and new technologies, the established OEMs are looking for ways to increase their exploration capability. One of the measures that are taken is the collaboration with start-ups.

    Within this study 13 interviews were performed and analyzed to see the effects of these collaborations. The objective was to see what challenges the employees of the OEM were facing and how they were acting during these collaborations with a focus on if these behaviors were entrepreneurial.

    Different challenges were found. Lack of organizational support, bureaucracy, hierarchy, and processes, the motivation of employees, as well as the experience at the company. Employees showed entrepreneurial behavior in two different ways during the collaborations. By being an ambassador for the start-up within the corporation and by adapting ways of working from the start-ups.

  • 102.
    Buck, Lennart
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Nilsson, Susanne
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Ritzén, Sofia
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    The role of ambassador in start-up collaborations2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this research is to see which challenges the individuals on the OEM’s side meet during asymmetrical collaborations and which approaches they use to overcome them.

    Literature was focused very much on the managerial view of solving challenges in these collaborations. This study shows that individuals could play a major role in resolving challenges that occur in asymmetrical collaborations. The profound effect of individuals could resemble that of individuals in other fields, e.g. champions in innovation.

    To gain insight, 34 interviews within an automotive OEM were performed with project leaders of collaborations that were done with start-ups. These interviews were investigated by coding. These codes were analyzed once via text mining to get an overarching view, and once with traditional coding to get more nuanced and detailed insights.

    Four major challenges were found. Mismatches in processes, lack of time and capacity, potentially unknown stakeholders, and the assessment of the start-up. These challenges were approached through a variety of measures by the interviewees. Coaching the start-up, designing a proof-of-project, using the personal network, effective communication, explaining and shielding of the start-up, and implementing new processes in the start-up. The role that is described by these tasks shall be called the ambassador role. Implementing this role in a company enables individuals to facilitate asymmetrical collaborations. However, it is suggested that there should also be an institution established that is aware of the best-practices and therefore able to educate new ambassadors.

  • 103.
    Buclet, Nicolas
    et al.
    Université Grenoble Alpes; Institut d’Urbanisme de Grenoble.
    Lazarevic, David
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Industriell ekologi.
    Principles for sustainability: the need to shift to a sustainable conventional regime2015Inngår i: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 83-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the present dominant economic system rests upon unquestioned beliefs that are in a deep contradiction with the pursuit of sustainable development. The economics of conventions is used as an analytical framework through which to demonstrate the conflict between the dominant conventions underpinning societal development and the objectives of sustainable development. It suggests that a trajectory towards the objectives of sustainable development should be managed through a reflexion concerning the conventional principles required to be adopted in order to favour the emergence of a new conventional regime. The principles of proximity, the increase in individual and collective capabilities, and participative democracy are presented as possible principles that could be adopted in order to favour the emergence of a new conventional regime. 

  • 104. Burkhard, Benjamin
    et al.
    Maes, Joachim
    Potschin-Young, Marion
    Santos-Martín, Fernando
    Geneletti, Davide
    Stoev, Pavel
    Kopperoinen, Leena
    Adamescu, Cristian
    Adem Esmail, Blal
    Arany, Ildikó
    Arnell, Andy
    Balzan, Mario
    Barton, David N.
    van Beukering, Pieter
    Bicking, Sabine
    Borges, Paulo
    Borisova, Bilyana
    Braat, Leon
    M Brander, Luke
    Bratanova-Doncheva, Svetla
    Broekx, Steven
    Brown, Claire
    Cazacu, Constantin
    Crossman, Neville
    Czúcz, Bálint
    Dan\vek, Jan
    de Groot, Rudolf
    Depellegrin, Daniel
    Dimopoulos, Panayotis
    Elvinger, Nora
    Erhard, Markus
    Fagerholm, Nora
    Frélichová, Jana
    Grêt-Regamey, Adrienne
    Grudova, Margarita
    Haines-Young, Roy
    Inghe, Ola
    Kallay, Tamas
    Kirin, Tamara
    Klug, Hermann
    Kokkoris, Ioannis
    Konovska, Iskra
    Kruse, Marion
    Kuzmova, Iliyana
    Lange, Manfred
    Liekens, Inge
    Lotan, Alon
    Lowicki, Damian
    Luque, Sandra
    Marta-Pedroso, Cristina
    Mizgajski, Andrzej
    Mononen, Laura
    Mulder, Sara
    Müller, Felix
    Nedkov, Stoyan
    Nikolova, Mariana
    Östergård, Hannah
    Penev, Lyubomir
    Pereira, Paulo
    Pitkänen, Kati
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Rabe, Sven-Erik
    Reichel, Steffen
    Roche, Philip
    Rusch, Graciela
    Ruskule, Anda
    Sapundzhieva, Anna
    Sepp, Kalev
    Sieber, Ina
    Šmid Hribar, Mateja
    Stašová, Simona
    Steinhoff-Knopp, Bastian
    St\cepniewska, Ma\lgorzata
    Teller, Anne
    Vackar, David
    van Weelden, Martine
    Veidemane, Kristina
    Vejre, Henrik
    Vihervaara, Petteri
    Viinikka, Arto
    Villoslada, Miguel
    Weibel, Bettina
    Zulian, Grazia
    Mapping and assessing ecosystem services in the EU - Lessons learned from the ESMERALDA approach of integration2018Inngår i: One Ecosystem, ISSN 2367-8194, Vol. 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) Horizon 2020 Coordination and Support Action ESMERALDA aimed at developing guidance and a flexible methodology for Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) to support the EU member states in the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy’s Target 2 Action 5. ESMERALDA’s key tasks included network creation, stakeholder engagement, enhancing ecosystem services mapping and assessment methods across various spatial scales and value domains, work in case studies and support of EU member states in MAES implementation. Thus ESMERALDA aimed at integrating various project outcomes around four major strands: i) Networking, ii) Policy, iii) Research and iv) Application. The objective was to provide guidance for integrated ecosystem service mapping and assessment that can be used for sustainable decision-making in policy, business, society, practice and science at EU, national and regional levels. This article presents the overall ESMERALDA approach of integrating the above-mentioned project components and outcomes and provides an overview of how the enhanced methods were applied and how they can be used to support MAES implementation in the EU member states. Experiences with implementing such a large pan-European Coordination and Support Action in the context of EU policy are discussed and recommendations for future actions are given.

  • 105.
    Bälter, Olle
    KTH, Tidigare Institutioner, Numerisk analys och datalogi, NADA.
    Att bli herre över e-posten2000Inngår i: Språkvård, ISSN 0038-8440, nr 4, s. 4-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    E-posten är en välsignelse: det blir så mycket lättare att nå folk. Men den är också en förbannelse: vi drunknar i brevflödet. Olle Bälter, forskare vid Tekniska högskolan och Karolinska institutet i Stockholm, lade för två år sedan fram en avhandling om hur e-posten används på svenska arbetsplatser. Här presenterar han sina resultat och ger råd till den som vill ta herraväldet över sin e-post.

  • 106.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    A passage to carsharing: The case of implementing a municipal carsharing schemeManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Carsharing is a transportation mode that has existed for a long time but that has been rapidly growing the last decades, mainly due to the ongoing digitisation of society. Carsharing has qualities that places it within the intersection of sustainable mobility and the sharing economy. Carsharing is therefore often proposed in policies and planning documents as a measure to facilitate sustainable mobility. But what does the transition from theoretical solution to actual implemented service, accessible to users actually look like?

    This paper presents the findings of qualitative study that describes and analyses the case of Täby, a Swedish municipality in the Stockholm region, that decided to address its set sustainability targets and business travel practices by procuring a carsharing service and installing an in-house bicycle pool for officials. The study, that draws findings from document studies and semi-structured interviews, applies an actor-network theory inspired approach. The analysis of the process, show how the involved actors, both human and non-human, together drove the process forward, and eventually led to the implementation of a carsharing scheme for the officials.

    The paper concludes that carsharing as a program of action, was translated from an in-house carsharing open to citizens, to a procured service for the officials, and that the move to new premises acted as obligatory passage point for this process. The paper also concludes that during the process, the program of action was associated with policy documents such as the environmental goals and the Climate and Energy Strategy who served in a legitimising way and thus helped to fend of anti-programs such as cost efficiency, which otherwise was a prevalent managerial and operational strategy. 

  • 107.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Practice makes perfect?: Sustainable practices with ICT and daily travel2015Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis shows how practice theory can be applied in different ways when exploring how daily life can be supported to become more environmentally sustainable. Ultimately the thesis aims to contribute to new knowledge on how to design policies and interventions that aim at facilitating environmentally sustainable practices.  This thesis argues that practice theory is useful in the field of sustainability research since it offers as point of departure a perspective on human everyday life which decentres focus from individual behaviour and instead looks at how social practices are constructed by integrating and combining material, bodily and mental elements.

    The thesis discusses the following questions: i) How can the role of ICT in everyday life be conceptualized from a practice perspective?, ii) How can practice theory be used in order to describe and assess second order environmental effects? and iii) What are the key considerations from a practice perspective when designing social/physical interventions for sustainable mobility?

    The papers in this thesis all use practice theory as point of departure but with different outcomes. Practice theory is thus used conceptually, methodologically and analytically. The main conclusions of the thesis are:  Changes in practices due to ICT usage will inevitably have environmental impacts, both negative and positive, and for policy-makers it is imperative to take this into consideration when planning for the future and actively support and facilitate sustainable social practices. Looking at changes in practices due to new ICT usage can be one way to include second order effects in environmental assessments, in this way contributing to a discussion of potential environmental impacts from implementing a new product, application or service.

    Interventions, such as a cargo bike pool or restrictive work travel policies, have the potential to change existing practices. However, the potential of these changes, depend on a variety of different factors which are more or less difficult to influence for the individual practitioner such as work location, time schedules, availability of transportation means and modes. Further, it is difficult to foresee exactly how such changes will look and if they sustain in the long run. Finally, it is not necessarily so that an intervention will have the desired outcome that was intended, the outcome might be something else, consequently this means that interventions need to be analysed and assessed from other perspectives, one being a practice perspective.

  • 108.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
    What is a sustainable everyday life?: Exploring and assessing the sustainability of everyday travel, sharing and ICT.2018Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where the general trend is unsustainable consumption patterns, can sustainable everyday life be enabled? This thesis sought to expand the knowledge base for policies and measures for sustainability, based on the assumption that consumption can be viewed as the outcome of practices in which people engage in their day-to-day life. The thesis addressed the overall aim by examining the following questions: How can information and communication technology (ICT) practices contribute to sustainable everyday practices? How can sharing practices, ICT-based and other, contribute to sustainable everyday practices? and How can travel practices, ICT-based and other, contribute to sustainable everyday practices?

    Empirical and conceptual studies revealed that ICT has become a fundamental and integral part of everyday practices and that digitalisation is a tangible material companion with implications for sustainability. ICT changes practices in ways that can be both positive and negative from a sustainability perspective. These second-order effects need to be addressed early when developing ICT solutions/services.

    ICT has also contributed to development of the sharing economy, by making sharing easier and scalable. However, although some sharing practices can contribute to overall sustainability, others could display a high potential and risk, simultaneously. It is therefore important to identify and mitigate negative effects and exploit the full potential of sustainable sharing activities from a policy perspective.

    Everyday travel is the outcome of people’s social practices. Travel practices are therefore ultimately interlocked with other practices and spatially and temporally structured. It can thus be quite difficult for city dwellers, although not impossible, to fit in new ways of carrying out everyday city travel rather than existing travel practices. New travel practices should be viewed as complementary if there are no other enabling factors at play, such as convenience, pricing, policies and/or infrastructural changes. If some form of policy and/or infrastructural change is introduced, it is possible to change travel patterns and ultimately reduce travel. Here too, ICT could enable changes in travel practices, e.g. through mediated meetings or vehicle sharing. However, for sustainable everyday travel to become widespread, urban planning issues are important. Policy documents and environmental targets can be used proactively to legitimise new policies that enable more sustainable travel practices.

    This thesis shows that everyday practices, in a relatively affluent European urban context, contribute greatly to environmental impacts. Hence, how everyday practices are structured, or could be re-structured, is critical for sustainable development. Practices shape, and are shaped, by their socio-material context. This requires an overall, holistic approach, as offered by practice theory and actor-network theory. A holistic approach is crucial from a sustainability policy perspective, as it enables measures that target some, or all, of the different elements (material, meaning, skills) that constitute practice. It may also be crucial for policies addressing temporal and spatial aspects that structure practices, e.g. societal schedules and people’s homes in relation to their workplace. This presents an opportunity that policymakers could further explore and exploit.

  • 109.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Eriksson, Elina
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Wangel, Josefin
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    ICT practices in smart sustainable cities: In the intersection of technological solutions and practices of everyday life2015Inngår i: Proceedings of EnviroInfo and ICT for Sustainability 2015: Building the knowledge base for environmental action and sustainability / [ed] Vivian Kvist Johannsen, Stefan Jensen, Volker Wohlgemuth, Chris Preist, Elina Eriksson, Copenhagen: Atlantis Press , 2015, s. 317-324Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    ICT, information and communications technology,has radically transformed our world and is now an inextricable partof what it means to live a normal life as a citizen, at least in highincomecountries. This has led to a situation where ICT has becomeso taken for granted that it has lost its visibility. While thisdevelopment to a large extent has been driven by businessopportunities, there is now also an increasing recognition of ICT as apossible solution to sustainability problems. There are however twomajor pitfalls of using ICT as a tool for sustainability that need to beaddressed for its potentials to be realized. The first pitfall isenvironmental impacts of ICT, as well as the risk of lock-in effectsand an increasing vulnerability. The second pitfall concerns theunderstanding of ICT as a neutral solution, rather than recognizingthat ICT, as all technology, carries implicit values. Taken together,these two pitfalls imply a need for replacing the atomized and technobiasedunderstandings of ICT with an approach that recognize thelarger socio-material, political and economic structure in which ICTis (thought to be) part. With the aim of contributing to such a shift,this paper proposes a practice-oriented perspective in order toexplore the potential of ICT to contribute to sustainability, using thesmart sustainable city discourse as our example. We define theconcept ICT practices and discuss it from an interdisciplinaryperspective and in relation to the sustainable smart city. We arguethat by using ICT practices as a conceptual starting-point foranalysis, both the technological and the socio-cultural components ofthe smart sustainable city discourse can become elicited, enabling amore explicit analysis of what assumptions this discourse rests on.

  • 110.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Henriksson, Greger
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Cargo Bike Pool: A way to facilitate a car-free life?2014Inngår i: Resilience – the new research frontier. Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference (ISDRC 2014) Trondheim 18-20 June 2014, Trondheim, 2014, s. 273-280Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In planning for sustainable cities, there is a need to take into consideration alternative transportation modes and facilitate the use of these, for the types of trips that people tend to use cars for. One way to mitigate car dependency in everyday life could be by using a cargo bike for these types of trips.The purpose of this paper is to map in what ways a specific trial of providing access to a cargo bike pool in a housing association affected both people’s travel habits and how they reimagined the types of trips that could be done at all or done in another way in order to find car-free travel and transportation modes. In this paper we focussed on the residents who actually used the cargo bikes.This qualitative study shows that although many of the residents did indeed lead car-free everyday lives, they got the opportunity to do other types of trips that they had not even thought about beforehand or deemed too difficult to do without a car. The cargo bike proved to fit into the portfolio of sustainable travel modes that facilitate everyday transports. The way that trips are imagined has also changed, that is what a cargo bike can be used to in relation to car, regular bike and public transportation.Having access to a cargo bike through a vehicle pool means that the possibilities to live a car-free everyday life are facilitated and in the long run a sustainable transportation pattern is being put in place.

  • 111.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
    Henriksson, Greger
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Höjer, Mattias
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Björn, Michael
    Lund School of Economics and Management.
    Eriksson, Elina
    KTH, Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS), Medieteknik och interaktionsdesign, MID. KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Why share?: An outline of a policy framework for sharing.Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

     The sharing economy has received much attention in recent years, partly because it carries a promise of reducing environmental impacts. This decrease is expected to take place through higher utilization of raw materials and energy when physical products are shared to a greater extent . However, our reading of current literature on sharing suggests that such environmental impacts have rarely been assessed at the societal level, e.g. nationally or along a supply chain. Neither are definitions and classifications of sharing found in literature, in general, particularly helpful for estimating environmental potentials and risks. We argue that there is a need for a framework supporting policy to clarify the importance of policy when it comes to the final effects of sharing.

    The aim of this paper is to outline a policy framework for environmental potentials and risks of the sharing economy. We have here delimited this paper to discuss levels of energy use as an example of environmental impact, but argue that the tentative policy framework presented can be used for any sustainability factor. In the paper we populate the policy framework with a spectrum of sharing initiatives and discuss the possible changes in energy use connected to these initiatives. Furthermore, we also discuss in what areas research on the environmental impacts of sharing initiatives could be specifically important, based on the outcome of populating the policy framework for potentials and risks.

  • 112.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Henriksson, Greger
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Liljenström, Carolina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms).
    Lådcyklar och bilfria vardagsliv2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att skapa en miljömässigt hållbar stad behöver människorna i den ha anledning och möjlighet att anpassa sina vardagliga vanor i linje med stadens hållbara utveckling. I denna rapport behandlas vanor i form av vardagliga resor och transporter, t ex inköp av dagligvaror. Mer specifikt har undersökts hur tillgång till ett lådcykelsystem skulle kunna bidra till möjligheter att leva bilfria liv.  Studien ingick som del av det större projektet Innovativ Parkering för klimatsmarta städer.  De boende i en bostadsrättsförening i Bagarmossen, en av Stockholms södra förorter, fick tillgång till en lådcykelpool, d v s tre så kallade lådcyklar (lastcyklar med tre hjul och stor låda) som de fick boka och använda som de ville april-november 2013. Vi frågade oss på vilket sätt tillgången till lådcykelpoolen påverkade de boendes rese- och transportvanor i vardagen.

    Den kvantitativa delen av studien visade att nästan 20 % av hushållen bokade cyklarna en eller fler gånger och 5 % av hushållen använde cyklarna 10 gånger eller fler under försökets period. Gemensamt för de som använt cyklarna flitigt har, enligt de kvalitativa intervjuerna, varit en vilja att leva ett bilfritt vardagsliv samt att man hade flera olika slags transportbehov. Lådcyklarna har använts till utflykter och ärenden, det vill säga både nöjes- och nyttoresor.

    Bland förutsättningarna för lådcykelförsökets framgång fann vi en positiv inställning till lådcykelpoolen i föreningen – även bland medlemmar som inte själva använde lådcyklarna. Vi fann också goda fysiska förutsättningar för cykling i Bagarmossen med omnejd samt att föreningen valt att bygga vidare på redan existerande praktiker vad gäller bokningsförfarande. Därutöver resonerar vi kring att lådcykelförsöket kunde varit än mer lyckosamt om även ansvarsfördelningen för cykelunderhållet samt informationsspridning och instruktion byggt vidare på föreningens redan inarbetade praktiker med särskilda arbetsgrupper. Kopplat till detta visade sig också viktiga frågor vara en noggrann och konsekvent introduktion av lådcyklarna samt att lådcyklarna står på ett synligt ställe för de presumtiva användarna.

    Lådcykelanvändning kanske inte är för alla boende och ej heller i alla situationer, men vi tror att om ovan nämnda lärdomar beaktas så är chanserna att en mobilitetstjänst som en lådcykelpool, når en optimal användningsgrad.

  • 113.
    Börjesson Rivera, Miriam
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Håkansson, Cecilia
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Finnveden, Göran
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Miljöstrategisk analys (fms). KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Centra, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.
    Including second order effects in environmental assessments of ICT2014Inngår i: Environmental Modelling & Software, ISSN 1364-8152, E-ISSN 1873-6726, Vol. 56, s. 105-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can have both negative and positive impacts on the environment. Immediate negative environmental impacts arise due to the production, use and disposal of ICT products, while positive effects can arise because ICT products and services replace other products. Other, more indirect consequences of introducing new technologies include e.g. that money saved by reducing costs due to ICT-induced energy efficiency, is being used in consumption of other goods and services that also need energy in their production. Such effects are examined within different disciplines under headings such as rebound effects, indirect effects, second order effects and ripple effects. This paper presents a review and discussion of different second order effects that can be linked to ICT usage in general, using e-commerce as an example. This is a first necessary step in developing methods which include second order effects when analysing the environmental impacts of ICT.

  • 114.
    Bürgi, Julia
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    The inclusion and exclusion of Somali communities as seen through the publicness of space in Nairobi and Stockholm2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The neighborhoods of Eastleigh in Nairobi, Kenya and Rinkeby in Stockholm, Sweden are both home to Somali populations that have burgeoned over the last 25 years. While situated in vastly different urban contexts, the Somali communities in each location have needs related to public space, particularly when considering their status in both places as a minority group that is often marginalized by Kenyan and Swedish societies. By examining the experiences of each of these two communities in public space and the level of publicness they experience, we can see how the Somali community can be made to feel included or excluded within each city. Using Setha Low’s framework of categorical activities that contribute to a flourishing society, the publicness of spaces in each location is investigated. In addition, the study explores the ways in which publicness is under threat in both places through the means of technologies of control. The resistance to such technologies is argued as symbolic of the fight for inclusion within Kenyan and Swedish society.

  • 115.
    Cai, Zhichang
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wennersten, Ronald
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Ecological urban design through material & energy flow analysis and life cycle assessment: from an architect's perspective2010Inngår i: The 6th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of ecological urban design was studied through the perspective of  Material/Energy Flow Analysis from an architect’s viewpoint. The study examined how to control and adjust the production, transportation, distribution and consumption of material and energy flows in built environment systems, and how to analyse the relevant ecological design methods. Two environmental methods were used, Material/Energy Flow Analysis as the main method and Life Cycle Assessment as a parallel method, to analyse the ‘integrated efficiency’ of material and energy utilisation in the built environment and its significance for sustainable design. The analysis was applied to two cases: Material Flow Analysis of  household wastewater treatment; and Energy Flow Analysis of energy for heating and cooling buildings.

     

  • 116. Cardoso, Andrea
    et al.
    Turhan, Ethemcan
    Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Examining new geographies of coal: Dissenting energyscapes in Colombia and Turkey2018Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 224, s. 398-408Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global energy geographies are changing, call it by will or by market forces. As coal production declines or consumption is phased out in parts of the Global North, the future of coal will likely be decided in the Global South. In this article, we explore energyscapes, as multiple and nested sites of connectivity over energy, and their relation to energy justice, environmental conflicts and social movements in new geographies of coal. By putting into question the reproduction of multiple levels of socio-environmental injustices related to coal’s extraction and consumption, we trace the emerging South-South coal links with an empirical focus on Colombia and Turkey. Coal extraction and consumption, respectively, in these geographically distant but increasingly connected countries are linked by multiscalar socio-ecological interactions and conflicts. After exploring these interactions, we examine the changing energyscapes of coal operating on different layers (the market, the physical, and the socio-environmental damages) between the two countries. Our analysis reveals that these new geographies are anchored in cross-scalar environmental injustices and democratic deficits, only sustained with top-down measures and emerging bilateral dependencies. The coming challenge for energy justice, therefore, is to link local communities' claims and democratization of energyscapes between the supply and the demand sides.

  • 117.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Assefa, Getachew
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Wadeskog, A.
    Carbon Dioxide Emission Associated to Swedish Import and Consumption: Calculations Using Different Methods2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 118. Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    Engström, Rebecka
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö.
    Kok, Rixt
    Indirect and Direct Energy Requirements of City Households in Sweden: Options for Reduction, Lessons from Modeling2005Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 9, nr 1-2, s. 221-235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to explore the potential for lowering household energy use given existing local support systems, in this case in the Stockholm inner city with the aid of the Dutch energy analysis program (EAP) that was adapted to Swedish conditions and that portrays total energy use for 300 consumption categories. Previously such modeling for Sweden was carried out using only Dutch databases. Our case-study area is well equipped with food stores, local markets, public transportation, and entertainment, facilitating some energy-efficient consumption choices. With maintained expenditure levels but changed consumption patterns, current reduction potentials are on the order of 10-20%. Options concerning diet can lower food indirect energy use by up to 30%, whereas options in other areas have a lower potential. Further reductions will require enhanced local support systems, external as well as internal. The results indicate that it is risky not to use nationally adapted figures for energy efficiency in the production sectors when modeling household energy use, because potential for change may be overlooked. Future work should include foreign energy intensities when modeling imported goods; otherwise, results may be less reliable. The Swedish EAP needs further work before it can be put to use as a modeling tool for everyday behavior but it is already generating important possibilities for producing reliable data that can be used by local energy counselors.

  • 119.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Lindén, Anna-Lisa
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Kanyama, Ahmad
    Citizen participation and institutional coordination: an examination of public transport and land use planning in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 120.
    Carlsson-Kanyama, Annika
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Lundell, Erika
    Lindén, Anna-Lisa
    Miljöpolitik och styrmedel: fallstudie Kött2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 121.
    Carlstedt Sylwan, Jenny
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Avfall från rivning, renovering och ombyggnad1999Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Avfall från rivning, ombyggnad och renovering innehåller många miljö- och hälsostörande ämnen. En viss del av detta avfall regleras i Förordningen om farligt avfall. Exempel är avfall som innehåller kvicksilver, asbest, PCB eller CFC. För denna typ av avfall gäller speciella regler om hur det ska hanteras, vem som får hantera och transportera. Det avfall som inte räknas som farligt består inte alltid av ofarligt material som kan återanvändas eller återvinnas. En del av detta övriga avfall kan sägas ligga i en gråzon mellan farligt och ofarligt.

    I rapporten redogörs dels för det farliga avfallet men fokus liggen på gråzonsavfall som t ex bly- och kadmiuminnehållande material, träskyddsbehandlat trä, fogmassor, plast, tätningsmedel, färger, lacker, limmer, fuktskadat och förorenat material. Rapporten tar även upp allmänna egenskaper i materials innehåll som kan tänkas leda till att det blir miljö- eller hälsoskadligt som avfall. Exempel på sådana egenskaper är toxicitet, persistens och bioackumulerbarhet.

    I rapporten konstateras att det farliga avfallet inte alltid omhändertas på rätt sätt. Orsaker kan vara kostnader, brist på kompetens och avsaknad av system för omhändertagande. För gråzonsavfallet är ovanstående problem än mer uttalade. För en del av gråzonsavfallet finns inget helt lämpligt omhändertagandesätt. En viss del av gråzonsavfallet ligger nära det farliga avfallet. Detta gäller t ex bly, kadmiuminnehållande material, vissa fogmassor och färger och förorenat material. Ett annat stort problem med gråzonsavfallet är att det ofta inte skiljs/kan skiljas från det inerta materialet som kan återvinnas.

  • 122.
    Caruth, Crafton
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Cerin, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Strandberg, Larsgöran
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Frostell, Björn
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Education for Sustainability: Challenges for Universities at the International Master Degree Level2006Inngår i: Science for Sustainable Development: Starting Points and Critical Reflections, Proceedings of the 1st VHU Conference. Västerås, Sweden. / [ed] Frostell, B, 2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 123.
    Ceccato, Vania
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Uittenbogaard, Adriaan
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Suicides in commuting railway systems: The case of Stockholm county, Sweden2016Inngår i: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, Vol. 198, s. 206-221Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of suicides in commuting railway environments. Data on suicides in Stockholm commuting railway from 2006 to 2013 was analysed. The study sets out to identify significant clusters in suicides then evaluate whether commuting railway environments affect variations in suicide rates. Fieldwork inspection, spatial cluster techniques (NNHC and Getis-Ord statistics) and regression models underlie the methodology of study. Findings show no seasonality was observed in suicide cases, but winter months concentrate a larger share of events. Suicides do not occur evenly throughout the day but tend to take place more often in weekdays. Modelling findings shows that suicide rates increase with speed trains and decrease where barriers along tracks are installed. Although high speed trains are still a motive of concern for suicide prevention, findings call for a whole railway-approach to safety - one that extends maintenance beyond the platforms and stations' vicinities.

  • 124.
    Cerin, Pontus
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Bringing economic opportunity into line with environmental influence: A discussion on the Coase theorem and the Porter and van der Linde hypothesis2006Inngår i: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 209-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental concerns and tightened environmental policy parameters have been associated with the notion of additional costs of compliance rather than with innovation and sustainability. The contrary, has also been suggested, claiming that strict environmental legislation merely serves as a catalyst for firms to retain obvious economic and environmental mutual gains-so called win-wins-laying around waiting to be collected. Such implications can be seen from the Porter and van der Linde writings, heavily criticised by Palmer et al. as being built on faulty examples. This paper supports that conclusion and uses property rights and transactions costs theories to find private incentives to explore the win-wins for those actors who have the largest potentials to diminish the pressure on our environment. By applying the Coase theorem, emphasising transaction costs and property rights, this paper argues that strong public support is needed to create private incentives for exploring economic and environmental win-win innovations. The public support suggested is to (A) extend producer responsibilities-where the same costs which may be neglected by the end consumers will, if transferred to the design owner, be viewed as a production cost-and to (B) enforce environmental public procurement. Both may be combined with a support to (C) actors (such as non-governmental organisations and consumer agencies) positioning themselves as information bridges by informing the consumers. The negative effects of asymmetric information among actors can, thereby, be diminished as well as the low interest to primarily care for the environment among common consumers.

  • 125.
    Cetin, lif
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Energy Analysis of Upplands Väsby municipality.: A study to reduce CO2 emissions in compliance with Kyoto Protocol2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, energy analysis of Upplands Väsby municipality was carried out with the aim of reducing the CO2 emissions in compliance with Kyoto Protocol. In order to achieve that the inventory of the current fossil fuel use, analysis of possible energy saving measures, and inventory of current potential for biomass production was studied respectively.The annual energy consumption according to different sectors which are mainly housing,transportation, public activities, construction, agriculture, forestry and fishery wasinvestigated and found as 1000 GWh. Depending on the emission factors for each fuel type,corresponding CO2 emissions were calculated. These calculations showed that 85% of thetotal CO2 emissions are caused by oil and diesel which are mainly used in transportation. The emissions from electricity and district heating came out to be negligible compared to transportation because of renewable energy use in production. Thus, depending on the results of energy analyses, the main priority was set as transportation for CO2 emission reduction measures.The intention of Upplands Väsby municipality is first to implement efficient energy use rather than CO2 reduction or the production of the renewable fuels within the municipality. The possible energy efficiency and conservation opportunities were discussed and identified intwo different perspectives; the tactical perspective that will cover the first 3 to 5 years and thestrategical perspective for a longer period of 25 years. For the first years of energy efficiencyprogram, the main objective was set to be reaching some amounts of energy savings by the easiest changes possible and advertising that to the public to gain their support and cooperation in the long term. On the other side, for the strategical perspective, the mainobjective must be reducing the CO2 emissions as much as possible and establishing a sustainable energy system depending on renewable sources.For the production of renewable fuels, biomass was preferred as the energy source as more than half of the Upplands Väsby municipality is covered with forests and farmlands. In the calculations, only the municipally owned lands were taken into consideration and privately owned lands were excluded. Furthermore, out of the land that the municipality owns, the forest lands were excluded from the biomass calculations with an aim of reserving the forests for recreational and natural conservation purposes. In the preliminary estimation in this study,the possible yields of biomass per hectare and year were used to reach the total amount of bioenergy that can be produced. Since growing different kinds of energy crops will result with different yields of dry biomass per hectare and year, the most appropriate crops for the Svealand region were identified depending on the previous researches. The possible amount of bio energy that can be produced was calculated for willow, straw, ley crop, rapeseed, wheatand reed canary grass. As a result, it is seen that whatever the crop is chosen the average yield that can be obtained from the farmlands is around 30 GWh per year.After the energy balance, efficiency options and biomass estimation; the results from thesethree parts were combined and the possible CO2 reduction values for the next 25-30 years were estimated. In order to do that, different scenarios were considered such as replacing fossil fuels with energy from biomass, increasing energy savings and reducing fuel use in transportation. From the fossil fuel replacement scenarios, replacement of heating oil appearsto be the most feasible option since the amount of energy than can be produced from biomass exactly matches the amount of heating oil used in the municipality and it is much easier thandistrict heating and fuel replacements. From energy saving scenarios, the results for electricitysavings are negligible compared to other options as a result of environmentally friendly electricity production in majority of companies in Sweden. Hence buying electricity from supplier companies with lower CO2 emissions gives more reductions in emissions than energysavings. The last scenario, which is reduction of fuel consumption, appears to be the bestoption among the others, because it results in higher CO2 reductions. Advances in technology and growing attention to environmental issues is likely to simplify the application options interms of changing the transportation patterns of the public by encouraging them to use ratherpublic transport or car polls, environmentally friendly cars, and etc. As a result, combiningdifferent scenarios, the maximum amount of CO2 reduction together with energy savings was calculated to be around 26% for Upplands Väsby municipality.This study revealed the deficiencies in organization and systematic data collection in the municipality levels and the need to establish a methodology for inventory and follow-up ofenergy use, production and related environmental effects.In conclusion, the main target of the Upplands Väsby municipality should be implementing amethodology for systematically collecting data on the energy use and CO2 discharges indifferent sectors of the Upplands Väsby economy, preferably using a life-cycle perspective. A second important aim should be to focus on energy saving measures, especially in the transportation and housing areas. A third interesting possibility is to support initiatives aimingof encouraging municipal and private land owners to contribute to energy production.

  • 126.
    Charlot, Marie-Laure
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Energetic and financial balance on an organic waste fermentation plant situated in Heljestorp, Sweden2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In a context of constant increasing energy demand and growing waste discharges, an important needto find relevant solutions is obvious. These solutions consist of treating the wastes in the mostfinancially and energetically efficient way. In this thesis work, dealing with the figures concerning thewaste anaerobic digestion plant situated in Heljestorp (Sweden), the anaerobic fermentation fortreating organic wastes is discussed. In this plant organic wastes are sorted and treated in order tofinally produce biogas and different kinds of fertilizers.In this work two different methods to estimate the energy contained in the organic wastes can bedistinguished:• The first method consisted of calculating the waste Low Heating Value. This method finallyenabled also to compare two different ways for treating these organic wastes: combustion andfermentation.• Later, the estimation of the methane potential in the raw waste entering in the digesters hasbeen done and enabled to calculate the waste anaerobic digestion plant efficiency and thedigester efficiency itself. The efficiency has been found in a range between 18.8 % and 31.3 %while the digester efficiency itself was calculated to be in a range between 21.4 % and 44.5 %.This work presents also the different steps to draw up the energetic and financial balances of thisplant: boundaries determination, inventory of energy inlets and outlets, digester efficiency calculation,plant efficiency, inventory of incomes and costs, profits or losses calculation. Establishing thesebalances is necessary to conclude about the relevance of the solution considered for treating theorganic wastes.This project took place few months after the company Ragn-Sells has bought the plant which wasbefore belonging to municipal councils. Therefore, this thesis work aim is also to gather information forthe company Ragn-Sells about this organic waste fermentation plant, its efficiency, its energy inlet andoutlet, its running cost or its incomes.

  • 127.
    Corsini, Filippo
    et al.
    stituto di Management, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, 56127 Pisa, Italy.
    Laurenti, Rafael
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Integrerad produktutveckling.
    Meinherz, Franziska
    Laboratory for Human-Environment Relations in Urban Systems, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne EPFL, Station 2, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Appio, Francesco Paolo
    Research Center, Léonard de Vinci Pôle Universitaire, 92916 Paris La Défense, France.
    Mora, Luca
    The Business School, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh EH14 1DJ, UK.
    The Advent of Practice Theories in Research on Sustainable Consumption: Past, Current and Future Directions of the Field2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The application of practice theories in the domain of sustainability research in consumer studies is increasingly advocated based on the premise that this allows to analyse consumption as a social phenomenon. Consequently, the applications of social practice theories to this field are expanding geometrically and to date, little retrospective work on this evolution has been made. We conduct a bibliometric analysis of applications of practice theories in the domain of sustainability research in consumer studies. Our results show a temporal succession of research trends: ‘consumer identity’ dominated the field between 2009 and 2012, ‘business and governance’ between 2012 and 2014, ‘sustainable consumption and production’ between 2013 and 2014, ‘urban living and policy’ between 2014 and 2015 and ‘household energy’ from 2015 until the present. We see a high potential of future applications of practice theories in the fields of the sharing and circular economy, as well as in research on smart cities. We provide new insights into the evolution and future trends of applications of social practice theory to domains that are relevant for research on sustainability and consumer studies

  • 128. Courcier, Rémy
    et al.
    Venot, Jean-Philippe
    Molle, François
    Suleiman, Lina
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Jridi, Aida
    Historical Transformations of the LowerJordan River Basin (in Jordan): Changes inWater Use and Projections (1950–2025)2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 129. Crona, Beatrice
    et al.
    Ernstson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö. University of Cape Town.
    Prell, Christina
    Reed, Mark
    Hubacek, Klaus
    Combining social network approaches with social theories to improve understanding of natural resource governance2011Inngår i: Social Networks and Natural Resource Management: Uncovering the Social Fabric in Environmental Governance / [ed] Bodin, Örjan; Prell, Christina, Cambridge University Press , 2011, s. 44-71Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 130. Cumming, Graeme S.
    et al.
    Bodin, Örjan
    Ernstson, Henrik
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö. University of Cape Town.
    Elmqvist, Thomas
    Network analysis in conservation biogeography: Challenges and opportunities2010Inngår i: Diversity & distributions: A journal of biological invasions and biodiversity, ISSN 1366-9516, E-ISSN 1472-4642, ISSN 1366-9516, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 414-425Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACTAims To highlight the potential value of network analysis for conservation biogeography and to focus attention on some of the challenges that lie ahead in applying it to conservation problems.Location Global.Methods We briefly review existing literature and then focus on five important challenges for the further development of network-based approaches in the field.Results Our five challenges include (i) understanding cross-scale and cross-level linkages in ecological systems (top–down and bottom–up effects, such as trophic cascades, have been demonstrated in food webs but are poorly understood in nested hierarchies such as reserve networks and stream catchments), (ii) capturing dynamic aspects of ecological systems and networks (with a few exceptions we have little grasp of how important whole-network attributes change as the composition of nodes and links changes), (iii) integrating ecological aspects of network theory with metacommunity frameworks and multiple node functions and roles (can we link the spatial patterns of habitat patches in fragmented landscapes, the parallel networks of interacting species using those patches and community-level interactions as defined by metacommunity theory in a single framework?), (iv) integrating the analysis of social and ecological networks (particularly, can they be analysed as a single interacting system?) and (v) laying an empirical foundation for network analysis in conservation biogeography (this will require a larger data bank of well-studied networks from diverse habitats and systems).Main conclusions Recent research has identified a variety of approaches that we expect to contribute to progress in each of our five challenge areas. We anticipate that some of the most exciting outcomes of attempts to meet these challenges will be frameworks that unite areas of research, such as food web analysis and metacommunity theory, that have developed independently.

  • 131.
    Dahlqvist, Per
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Hedberg, Per
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Carbon Strategy: How StoraEnso's end costumers are affected by climate changeand the on-going debate2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing debate and the raised economical initiatives along with the strengthenregulations forces companies to take grater action. Getting a grip of the regulations and taxes stands easier than getting a grip of how its customers are affected. In the academic field this issue is also up and coming under the title, Carbon Strategy. This field welcomes carbondioxide as a mean of control for companies heavily depending on the environment for their existence.

    The purpose of this thesis is to assess how a certain paper producing company’s customers areaffected by climate change. As proposed in the field of carbon strategy a company must firstlook in-house for mapping their emission and affection on the surroundings. Governmental have often spoken about the business opportunities coming with market driven initiatives like emission trading. And sure, there are opportunities but they are to be after dealing with the risks and threats. Other obstacles with carbon as a strategy are that the old economics aren’tenough. Applying discount rates on environmental investments and putting an actual value on the environment are just two of them.

    The raise of concern for climate change has given the market a wide range of know-how inthe field. Getting the real business experience on the environment and also learning from other mistakes have been crucial for this study. Many are those who claim a win-win situationbut dealing with environment often equals dealing with more uncertainty. There fore, a majorpart of this study is based on interview and statistics covering a long period.

    The thesis shows that paper producing company’s customers are affected by climate change and are changing their behaviour even though it is seen as the third bottom to push after priceand quality. The will to pay an extra premium for environmentally sound products are booming and the ones the most willing to spend those extra bucks are often rich, young females. So maybe our carbon constraint future will be formed by highly influencing individuals like some Asian person comparable Paris Hilton. Because an overall finding is that people with high disposable income regions with low environmental governance are theones willing to spend that extra.

    For concluding the study regarding on making climate change and environment corporate strategies ecology means uncertainty. Dealing with environmental issues is and will remain difficult (to deal with). Even the biologists’ states that they don’t know everything about nature so how would the company. So by having an adaptive organisational structure, dealing regionally with the end-customers new behaviour and increasing the focus on riskmanagement, a company can build some eco-advantages from the climate change challenge.

    The following chapters have been written by Per Hedberg; 3.4, 3.5, 4.1, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 5.1, 5.2& 5.3 and the following by Per Dahlqvist; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 5.4 & 5.5. The other parts of the thesis have been written together.

  • 132.
    Dalenstam, Eva
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi (flyttat 20130630).
    Setréus, Jan
    Vattnets kvalitet och kvantitet med avseende på markanvändningen i Microcuenca El Limón, vattentäkt till samhället San Ramon, Matagalpa, Nicaragua2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In Central America, the deforestation is one of the most severe environmental problems. Thedeforestation contributes to deteriorate water resources, both in quality and in quantity, whichcould lead to a shortage of water in the future. This has been given attention in the communityof San Ramón and today a series of projects are going on to improve the situation. One ofthese is initiated by FOCUENCAS. This study is a part of the project and consists of, amongother things, analyzing water quality and quantity and to try to derive these from the land usewithin the smaller watershed, a so-called microcuenca. The watershed is used as water supplyby San Ramón, but is insufficient for the needs of the society. A series of measures toimprove the situation will be proposed based on the results of the study. The study wasmodeled according to the DPSIR-model, to easier organize the obtained information and toclarify the interactions causing the situation in the watershed El Limón.

    The results from the analysis of the water quality showed that the treated drinking water wassatisfactory. The contents of contaminations were all under limits set by the WHO. Therewere high contents of bacteria though in different parts of the watershed. It was not possibleto relate the water quality to the land uses within the watershed, due to the fact that the resultsfrom the analysis differed much from the presumptions.

    The results from the water quantity measurements showed that the greater part of the waterproduction occurred east of the brook ravine. West of it, the deforestation has occurred undera longer time span, which could explain the lesser water production on this side. It has notbeen possible to come to any certain conclusions from the comparisons with earlier waterquantity measurements due to incomplete data.

    The big cause of the water shortage in San Ramón is the lacking capacity of the watertreatment plant and the distribution. From this, it is proposed that measures must be taken toimprove the facilities. Measures should also be taken within the watershed to stabilize thesituation in the long term. For this, it is proposed that agreements, covenants and dialoguesbetween concerned parties shall be initiated as a first step. We must stress though, that thestudy has to be continued and completed in order to be able to take correct measures.

  • 133.
    Dawkins, Elena
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier. Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Klocker Larsen, Rasmus
    Andre, Karin
    Axelsson, Katarina
    Retracing the footsteps: how do footprint indicators support learning about sustainable consumption among Swedish policymakers?Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumption-based or environmental footprint indicators give a sense of society’s progress towards sustainable consumption. Studies of the role that sustainability indicators play in policy making report that they contribute to learning and conceptual thinking. This literature provides insights into the types of learning outcome that indicators contribute to, such as instrumental, policy-oriented, governmental, political, or societal learning. But few studies have looked specifically at consumption-based indicators or at the learning process itself, of how indicator use supports different actors in changing their ideas, perceptions, and practices – and potentially affects wider social and organizational structures to prompt the desired move to sustainable consumption.

    To address this, we draw on the theory of expansive learning to investigate the potential for learning about sustainable consumption by Swedish public officials using consumption-based indicators. Data were collected in a series of interviews, focus groups and workshops. The results suggest that consumption-based indicators do help officials to learn about the concept of sustainable consumption and encourage them to push forward the sustainable consumption agenda. This is not, however, so much due to indicators per se, but rather to the creativity and agency of committed government officials. To enhance learning and change in practices further, public officials must be supported by the necessary institutions and authority to promote sustainable consumption.

  • 134.
    De La Torre Sebastián, Ane
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Cities and climate change actions: Comparison between five european cities2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few years cities are taking the lead against climate change. Theyare aware of the big contribution they can make to mitigate the climate change, so theyare working actively in this field. This thesis’ aim is to study what cities are doing andthe chance they have to be successful. The cities selected for this thesis were Madrid,Barcelona, London, Manchester an Dublin. The method followed to active the aim wasto read all the information available from the selected cities’ Councils about themeasures they are carrying out. Then, transform that information to a way that all thecities’ information can be compared. As a result, it can be seen that there are fewdifferences in their lines of action,excluding some punctual facts. All the cities areworking actively to reduce transport sector’s emissions, to improve the energy use athomes and to increase the importance of the renewable energies. Spanish cities’emissions reduction targets are still not ambitious enough, while London’s are the mostambitious among the studied cities. As a conclusion, it can be said that cities shouldwork together to face the challenge of climate change, because there’s still much to do,targets have to be more ambitious and measures stricter.

  • 135. de Magalhaes, J P
    et al.
    Sandberg, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för datavetenskap och kommunikation (CSC), Numerisk Analys och Datalogi, NADA.
    Cognitive aging as an extension of brain development: A model linking learning, brain plasticity, and neurodegeneration2005Inngår i: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, ISSN 0047-6374, E-ISSN 1872-6216, Vol. 126, nr 10, s. 1026-1033Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in cognitive aging rates among mammals suggest that the pace of brain aging is genetically determined. In this work, we investigate the possibility that brain aging is an extension of brain development. It is possible that a subset of developmental mechanisms are extreme cases of antagonistic pleiotropy in that they are necessary for reaching adulthood and yet later cause age-related diseases. We derive a model linking development and brain aging in which childhood events essential for brain development later result in neurodegeneration. The hypothesis presented herein involves brain plasticity in which the same mechanisms that shape the adult phenotype continue at later ages contributing to cognitive dysfunction and eventually dementia. The same genetic program that decreases brain plasticity at early ages to focus our mind to the surrounding environment may continue in adulthood resulting in cognitive aging. Experimental implications for understanding neurodegeneration in this context are also discussed. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 136. Deiaco, Enrico
    et al.
    Broström, Anders
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Entreprenörskap och Innovation.
    Geschwind, Lars
    KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskaplig kommunikation och lärande (ECE), Lärande.
    Högskola och region - ett trevande förhållande: reflektioner över exemplet Västra Götalandsregionen2007Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 137.
    Dias Batista, Edgard
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Bicycle Sharing in Developing Countries: A proposal towards sustainable transportation in Brazilian median cities2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Bicycle-sharing programs are a new trend in urban transportation. The main difference of a bicycle-sharing program with a regular bicycle rental is that is possible to get a bicycle in one station and return it in any other station. There are many models of bicycle sharing, each model with its pros and cons. This study analyzes the bicycle-sharing models in order to build a proposal of a bicycle-sharing program suitable for Brazilian median cities. The study begins with an overview of bicycle transportation, followed by the analysis of different bicycle-sharing programs. The last chapter formulates a proposal of a bicycle-sharing program suitable for Brazilian median cities. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. The analysis includes a case study on the bicycle-sharing program in Stockholm. This case study is based on interviews with the manager of the program in the company in charge, and with the responsible official in Stockholm municipality. A questionnaire was moreover handed out to users of the program. This case study is complemented with a questionnaire sent by email to managers of bicycle-sharing programs in some cities around the world, this in order to provide more examples on how bicycle sharing can be organized. Finally, another case study was carried out in a Brazilian median city in order to evaluate the local awareness concerning bicycle transport, and the possibility of implementing a bicycle-sharing program there. A questionnaire was handed out to a sample of the local population and an interview was made with the local transport authority. The analysis of all data results in a proposal for a bicycle-sharing program suitable for the Brazilian context. The proposal comprises the choices of bicycles, stations, equipment related to the hiring process and service vehicle. It includes a complete financial appraisal with the necessary capital for implementing and managing the program. It shows that it is possible to build an affordable bicycle-sharing program adapted to Brazilian median cities. The program will create job opportunities and can contribute to a changed view of bicycle transportation in these cities. The proposal could also be applied in countries with the same characteristics as Brazil.

  • 138.
    Diaz Arguelles, Eric
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Inventory Management at North Bay Product Company – Atlas Copco’s Geotechnical Drilling and Exploration Division (GDE): Improving inventory management and stock allocation of mining and underground exploration products to increase customer satisfaction levels2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project has been conducted in partnership with Atlas Copco and its, Geotechnical Drilling and Exploration Division (GDE). The subject matter covers inventory management in one of the division’s product companies based in North Bay, Canada. The products in question are known as Diamond Bits and ITH (in-the-hole) products used for mining and underground exploration applications. The current challenges outlined in this thesis relate to ineffective inventory management of the products mentioned above. The result of this is that

    GDE is having difficulties in meeting customer demand on time as order to delivery leadtimes are quite long in many cases. Hence, a Proof of Concept, or strategy, has been developed to tackle the current challenges faced by North Bay in overcoming its inventory woes.

    These difficulties in managing their inventories stem from the financial crisis and canceled

    orders leading to tied up capital and finished goods remaining in stock for long periods of time. Furthermore, there are apparent weaknesses within North Bay’s supply chain(s) and inventory management practices. GDE’s Divisional management has decided to approach the problem by developing the capability for North Bay to forecast future sales and improve the parameters by which products are manufactured and stocked to anticipate customer demand.

    The Proof of Concept (PoC) centers on the implementation of an inventory management system with the capacity to forecast product demand based primarily on historic sales. GDE is deciding between two systems, the SO99+ and the SCC (Supply Chain Concept). One of which will be selected and implemented in the near future based on comparing forecast results and suggested stocking parameters.

    This thesis report will outline the inventory management problems and reveal four findings: 1) The current situation at North Bay and how Diamond Bits and ITH products are managed in terms of how they are stocked. 2) How and where the PoC fails to properly improve and instill better control of inventory management and address all the problems in the supply chain that allow for improved inventory management performance. 3) Identify the main problems within the supply chain and demonstrated how they dilute any gains achieved by the PoC to forecast sales and suggest which products to stock, in what quantity, when and where. 4) Suggest how to add value to the PoC to properly tackle the problems in the supply chain which impact North Bay’s ability to effectively manage inventories.

    The findings demonstrate that North Bay, even if it implements the Proof of Concept, will not be in a much better position to manufacture products in the right quantity to meet forecasts. The suggestions part of this thesis provide actions that should be taken to improve North Bay’s supply chain, particularly on the supply side to support the Product Company’s inventory management and customer satisfaction levels.

  • 139.
    Dong, Fang
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Mechano-Sorptive Creep: Structural Originon the Single Fiber Level2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The consuming of paper and fibrous products is nowadays tremendous in our dailylife. The raw material used in the paper industry is mainly wood fibers. A betterunderstanding of properties of these fibers will help to improve the performance ofthe paper industry. Fiber deforms with time when subjected to a load, which has to be compensated for in packaging materials by the use of thicker papers thus morematerial. This deformation increases in the variable climate. This well-known complex phenomenon is called mechano-sorptive creep and leads to large losses in the paper industry every year.

    In order to understand the influence on the creep phenomenon of different fibermorphology, and how and to what extent the fibril angle affects the mechano-sorptive creep, the creep behavior of four series of fibers from spruce were measured by DMA(Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer) at a constant humidity climate followed by animmediately cyclic humidity. The fibers used were mature latewood fibers, matureearlywood fibers, juvenile latewood fibers and juvenile earlywood fibers. The CLSM(Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy) was used to determine the microfibril angle ofthe fibers. The results of the tests show a higher creep rate at cyclic humidity than thatat constant humidity. The comparisons among fibers show that latewood fibers havehigher mechano-sorptive creep ratio (creep rate at cyclic humidity/ creep rate atconstant humidity) than earlywood fibers and that juvenile wood fibers have highercreep ratio than mature wood fibers. One of the main conclusions drawn in this study was that the higher the fibril angle, the lower was the mechano-sorptive creep ratio.

  • 140.
    Doyle, Andrew
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Lärande. University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland..
    Seery, Niall
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM). University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland..
    Canty, Donal
    University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland..
    Exploring the relationship between technology teachers orientations towards teaching and their associated professional life phases2016Inngår i: PATT-32 Proceedings: Technology Education for 21st Century Skills / [ed] de Vries, Marc J; Bekker-Holtland, Arien; and van Dijk, Gerald, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 2016, s. 141-149Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely agreed that developed pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is a knowledge base unique to teachers. Therefore, the successful development of a teacher can be evaluated in terms of an evolved PCK. However, research has shown that teachers in later professional life phases (PLP’s) are at a greater risk of being less effective (Day & Gu, 2007). Given that the rational and grade point-orientated nature of the Irish education system hinders the development of an integrated pedagogy (Commission on the Points System, 1999; Hennessy, Hinchion, & Mcnamara, 2011), this paper explores the relationship between technology teachers’ PLP and their orientations towards teaching as a critical construct of PCK.The study cohort consisted of practicing technology teachers (n=9) ranging in experience from 4 to 31 years of classroom practice. An interpretive research methodology was employed whereby participants were involved in semi-structured interviews focused on eliciting an understanding of participants’ knowledge and beliefs around the purposes and goals of teaching technology. The findings suggest that technology teachers’ orientation towards teaching varies as teachers’ progress through their teaching career. It emerged that participants in earlier PLP’s are more likely to display a pupil-centred orientation towards teaching whereas teachers in later PLP’s are inclined to adopt transmission pedagogies suggesting a teacher-centred orientation towards teaching.

  • 141.
    Dubois, Isabelle
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Holgersson, S
    Malmström, Maria
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Radionuclide Sorption on Granitic Material: Effect of the BET surface area and particle size2009Inngår i: 4th Asia-Pacific Symposium on Radiochemistry (APSORC-09), 2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142. Dwyer, T
    et al.
    Elgstrand, Kaj
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Petersson, Nils F
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi.
    Summary and Reflections2010Inngår i: OSH & Development 2010, ISSN 1653-5766, nr 10, s. 97-105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 143.
    Dymek, Mikolaj
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Avd.) (stängd 20130101).
    Content strategies of the future: Between games and Stories - Crossroads for the video game industry2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The video game industry is the combination of two worlds: technology (IT) and show-biz/media/cultural industries. This paper explores this tension by exposing the shortcomings of the culture economics perspective and its lack of understanding for the unique characteristics of the video game medium, thus subsequently proposing a deeper analysis of the medium by turning to literary theoretical perspectives on games, such as ludology and narratology. Due the lack of technological dimensions in its theoretical framework, narratology is deemed less fruitful as an analytical tool and ludology is preferred. Ludology, with Espen Aarseth's cybertext theory elucidates aspects of "interactivity ", author-medium-reader power relations and the mechanical organization of textual machines, which provides perspectives on practice in the video game industry.

  • 144.
    Dymek, Mikolaj
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.).
    Exporting wars: Literature theory and how it explains the video game industry2007Inngår i: 3rd Digital Games Research Association International Conference: "Situated Play", DiGRA 2007, 2007, s. 664-671Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The video game industry is the combination of two worlds: technology (IT) and show-biz/media/cultural industries. This paper explores this tension by exposing the shortcomings of the culture economics perspective and its lack of understanding for the unique characteristics of the video game medium, thus subsequently proposing a deeper analysis of the medium by turning to literary theoretical perspectives on games, such as ludology and narratology. Due the lack of technological dimensions in its theoretical framework, narratology is deemed less fruitful as an analytical tool and ludology is preferred. Ludology, with Espen Aarseth's cybertext theory elucidates aspects of " interactivity", author-medium-reader power relations and the mechanical organization of textual machines, which provides perspectives on practice in the video game industry.

  • 145.
    Dymek, Mikolaj
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Avd.) (stängd 20130101).
    Lennerfors, Thomas
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Inst.), Industriell ekonomi och organisation (Avd.) (stängd 20130101).
    Among pasta-loving mafiosos, drug-selling Columbians and noodle-eating triads: Race, humour and interactive ethics in Grand Theft Auto III2005Inngår i: Proceedings of DiGRA 2005 Conference: Changing Views - Worlds in Play, 2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the intersection of race, humour and interactivity in Grand Theft Auto 3. We argue that video games not only diffuse cultural and symbolic meanings, but also provide new loci for reflection and critique of issues of inter alia race. Two different analytical perspectives are juxtaposed when studying racial issues of GTA3. The first perspective is Critical Race Theory (CRT). The second perspective derives from the phthonic and incongruity theory of humour (Morreall 1986). We will argue that the CRT perspective is consistent with the phthonic theory of humour, while the incongruity theory goes beyond CRT presenting a novel way of interpreting games. This theoretical framework is applied when analysing the controversial game GTA3. By presenting stereotypical images of race in GTA3 as humorous, the player is provided with cues for reflecting and evaluating his/her own perspectives on issues of race.

  • 146.
    Dymén, Christian
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Engendering Spatial Planning: A Gender Perspective on Municipal Climate Change Response2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While climate change mitigation has been on the agenda of spatial planning practitioners for over two decades, adaptation has only become influential in spatial planning practice in recent years. This trend is evident not only at the municipal levelbut also at the regional and national levels. The revised planning and building law from 2011 states that municipalities must consider climate change. In parallel, a body of research focusing on the relationship between gender and concern for environmental and climate change and arguing that women are more concerned and proactive with respect to environmental issues has emerged. However, this research has been criticized for being essentialist and for stigmatizing women and men. The long-term aim of the present dissertation is to contribute to knowledge on how a gender perspective on municipal spatial planning can contribute to efficient and well-informed climate change response, as well as on how a gender perspective, as an analytical framework, can be developed to analyze, on the one hand, spatial planning related to climate change and, on the other, spatial planning more generally. One of the main contributions of my dissertation is to demonstrate that, by including a gender perspective in municipal climate change response, aspects that may be important for achieving efficient and well-informed spatial planning related to climate change response that are not typically prioritized can be afforded prominent places on the agenda. In this dissertation, I refer to these aspects as feminine values and perspectives—or attributes. I also contribute to the development of an analytical framework that can be used by policy makers and scientists to assess how a gender perspective is and can be integrated within municipal spatial planning processes related to climate change response, as well as spatial planning more generally. Furthermore, in addition to the development of efficient and well-informed responses, a dimension of gender equality must be considered. My dissertation contributes to the understanding that planners who adopt a gender perspective must consider the general level of gender equality in a country. Although the primary objective of this dissertation is to contribute to the development of efficient and well-informed policy, issues of equality and democracy cannot be overlooked. As I argue in my dissertation, participatory approaches to spatial planning are imperative for municipal efforts related to climate change. Nonetheless, participatory approaches require spatial planners to ensure that democracy and equality, on the one hand, and efficient and well-informed policy delivery, on the other, do not conflict.

  • 147.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Andersson, Måns
    Langlais, Richard
    Gendered dimensions of climate change response in Swedish municipalities2013Inngår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 18, nr 9, s. 1066-1078Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article elaborates on and discusses gendered dimensions of climate change response in Swedish municipalities. There are indications that attitudes and behaviour to the environment and climate change are gendered. This evidence together with our own work further indicates that gender awareness is most probably an important influence on how municipalities respond to climate change. The aim of this study was to investigate if and how gendered aspects of climate change response are integrated in the Swedish response to climate change. The potential causal relationships between a high level of awareness of the gendered aspects of climate change and the levels of climate change response were investigated. We asked whether there is a positive relationship between gender awareness and the quality of the communities’ climate change policies and practice. Indications of such a relationship prompt a change in research priorities – paying more attention to gender – and in subsequent policy developments.

  • 148.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Langlais, Richard
    Adapting to Climate Change in Swedish Planning Practice2012Inngår i: Journal of planning education and research, ISSN 0739-456X, E-ISSN 1552-6577, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 108-119Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mitigation measures, especially municipal energy infrastructure transformation, have been the focus of Sweden’s climate change responses. Recently, adaptation measures have grown in priority and planners are challenged to integrate mitigation and adaptation. In our study, we observe how synergies and conflicts in adaptation, mitigation, and other social and economic dimensions of spatial planning are grappled with in municipalities. We draw primarily from interviews with municipal planners and regional agencies as well as a review of policy documents. Our conclusion is that municipalities could be assisted in their climate change planning by stronger regional and national involvement.

  • 149.
    Dymén, Christian
    et al.
    Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, Nordregio, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Langlais, Richard
    Cars, Göran
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.
    Engendering Climate Change: The Swedish Experience of a Global Citizens Consultation2014Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 161-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender dimensions of climate change response is needed if we are to succeed in providing decision-makers with a relevant scientific basis for climate change policy. Although action at the municipal level has become a high priority for Swedish climate change response, knowledge of how gender perspectives affect that response is scarce. This paper contributes knowledge of how to integrate a gender perspective in planning for climate change response, through the modification and application of a system of gender categorization that was originally developed for evaluating the World Bank's performance of environmental impact assessments. That system is used, in this paper, to analyse the Swedish component of a global citizen consultation, World Wide Views on Global Warming. The research is based on analysis of our participation in the World Wide Views as well as interviews and documentation. A conclusion from our analysis is that the Swedish part of the citizen consultation was driven by an approach that, according to the system of gender categorization, strongly demonstrated both feminine and masculine attributes. The results show that an approach that incorporates not only masculine attributes, but also feminine ones, is likely to generate a more robust and concrete climate change response.

  • 150.
    Ebba, Elmlund
    et al.
    KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Industriell ekologi (flyttat 20130630).
    Edstedt, Linda
    Utformning av Citybanans miljöledningssystem2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Citybanan är en dubbelspårig järnvägstunnel som mellan 2005 och 2011 kommer att byggasunder Stockholms stadskärna. Citybanan projekteras på uppdrag av regeringen och är ettprojekt under Banverkets Östra banregionens projektenhet, och lyder således underBanverkets bestämmelser. Citybanans projektledning tog tidigt ett beslut om att ettmiljöledningssystem enligt ISO 14001 skulle implementeras i projektet. Uppdraget med attstrukturera ett enkelt och kortfattat miljöledningssystem för Citybanan utformades som ettexamensarbete på 20 poäng för två studenter på Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.

    ISO 14001 är en internationell standard för miljöledningssystem och ingår i IS0 14000-serien.Standarden bygger på fem grundelement: miljöpolicy, planering, införande och drift, kontrolloch korrigerande åtgärder samt ledningens genomgång. Miljöledningssystem ska leda till etteffektivare och mer strukturerat miljöarbete som resulterar i ständiga förbättringar. Underexamensarbetets gång kändes ISO-standarden i vissa fall svår att anpassa till ett projekt, ochspråket i standarden upplevdes ibland vilseledande och byråkratiskt.

    Genom intervjuer och studier av andra miljöledningssystem, särskilt inom Banverkets regi,kunde miljöledningsrutiner utformas. Citybanans miljöledningssystem kan inte helt följa ISO-14001 eftersom projekt Citybanan arbetar efter ett arbetssätt med andra fasindelningar. För attfå en översiktlig bild av miljöarbetet i projektet formulerades rutinen ”Miljöledning i projektCitybanan” som beskriver de miljödokument som upprättats och i vilken ordning de etableratsi projektet. Eftersom finansieringen för Citybanan ännu inte är klar och inga entreprenörer ärupphandlade har ett par rutiner inte kunnat färdigställas. Flertalet av verksamhetsrutinernakommer entreprenören själv att upprätta, men Citybanan kommer att kontrollera att dessarutiner finns och efterlevs. Under examensarbetet har vi bland annat upprättat följandemiljöledningsrutiner och förteckningar som finns i bilagor till rapporten:

    • Rutin: Miljöledning i projekt Citybanan

    • Rutin: Miljöaspekter

    • Förteckning: Betydande miljöaspekter i byggskedet

    • Rutin: Lagar och andra krav

    • Förteckning: Lagar och andra krav

    • Rutin: Miljömål

    • Rutin: Organisation och ansvar

    • Rutin: Utbildning och erfarenhet

    • Rutin: Kommunikation

    • Rutin: Dokumentation, dokumentstyrning och redovisande dokument

    • Rutin: Ledningens genomgång

    Våra rekommendationer till projekt Citybanan är bland annat att snarast definiera enkontrollorganisation samt att skriva rutiner för kontroll och korrigerande åtgärder. Rutiner föravvikelsehantering och nödlägesberedskap måste också upprättas. Vi råder även projektet attutforma handlingsplaner för de upprättade miljömålen, enligt ISO 14001 ett så kallatmiljöledningsprogram, vilket underlättar uppföljning av miljömålen. Projektledningensengagemang för miljöfrågor är idag stort och vi tillråder att detta engagemang ska fortsättaäven under byggskedet.

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